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Melissa Cumming, Anthony Osinski, Lynne O'Hearn, Pamela Waksmonski, Michele Herman, Deborah Gordon, Elzbieta Griffiths, Kim Knox, Eileen McHale, Karen Quillen, Jorge Rios, Patricia Pisciotto, Lynne Uhl, Alfred DeMaria, Chester Andrzejewski
A collaboration that grew over time between local hemovigilance stakeholders and the Massachusetts Department of Public Health (MDPH) resulted in the change from a paper-based method of reporting adverse reactions and monthly transfusion activity for regulatory compliance purposes to statewide adoption of electronic reporting via the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN). The NHSN is a web-based surveillance system that offers the capacity to capture transfusion-related adverse events, incidents, and monthly transfusion statistics from participating facilities...
October 23, 2016: Transfusion
Víctor Daniel Rosenthal, Hail M Al-Abdely, Amani Ali El-Kholy, Safa A Aziz AlKhawaja, Hakan Leblebicioglu, Yatin Mehta, Vineya Rai, Nguyen Viet Hung, Souha Sami Kanj, Mona Foda Salama, Estuardo Salgado-Yepez, Naheed Elahi, Rayo Morfin Otero, Anucha Apisarnthanarak, Braulio Matias De Carvalho, Bat Erdene Ider, Dale Fisher, Maria Carmen S G Buenaflor, Michael M Petrov, Ana Marcela Quesada-Mora, Farid Zand, Vaidotas Gurskis, Tanja Anguseva, Aamer Ikram, Daisy Aguilar de Moros, Wieslawa Duszynska, Nepomuceno Mejia, Florin George Horhat, Vladislav Belskiy, Vesna Mioljevic, Gabriela Di Silvestre, Katarina Furova, Gloria Y Ramos-Ortiz, May Osman Gamar Elanbya, Hindra Irawan Satari, Umesh Gupta, Tarek Dendane, Lul Raka, Humberto Guanche-Garcell, Bijie Hu, Denis Padgett, Kushlani Jayatilleke, Najla Ben Jaballah, Eleni Apostolopoulou, Walter Enrique Prudencio Leon, Alejandra Sepulveda-Chavez, Hector Miguel Telechea, Andrew Trotter, Carlos Alvarez-Moreno, Luis Kushner-Davalos
BACKGROUND: We report the results of International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) surveillance study from January 2010-December 2015 in 703 intensive care units (ICUs) in Latin America, Europe, Eastern Mediterranean, Southeast Asia, and Western Pacific. METHODS: During the 6-year study period, using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Healthcare Safety Network (CDC-NHSN) definitions for device-associated health care-associated infection (DA-HAI), we collected prospective data from 861,284 patients hospitalized in INICC hospital ICUs for an aggregate of 3,506,562 days...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
A Dramowski, A Whitelaw, M F Cotton
BACKGROUND: In most African countries the prevalence and effects of paediatric healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are unknown. AIM: To investigate the burden, spectrum, risk factors, and impact of paediatric HCAI by prospective clinical surveillance at a South African referral hospital. METHODS: Continuous prospective clinical and laboratory HCAI surveillance using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)/National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) definitions was conducted at Tygerberg Children's Hospital, South Africa, from May 1(st) to October 31(st) in 2014 and 2015...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
Wafa Al Nasser, Aiman El-Saed, Amina Al-Jardani, Abdulhakeem Althaqafi, Huda Alansari, Jameela Alsalman, Zaina Al Maskari, Ayman El Gammal, Seif S Al-Abri, Hanan H Balkhy
BACKGROUND: The true burden of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) remains largely unknown because of a lack of national and regional surveillance reports in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. The purpose of this study was to estimate location-specific CAUTI rates in the GCC region and to compare them with published reports from the U.S. National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) and the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC). METHODS: CAUTI rates and urinary catheter utilization between 2008 and 2013 were calculated using NHSN methodology pooled from 6 hospitals in 3 GCC countries: Saudi Arabia, Oman, and Bahrain...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Lynda K Ball, Cheryl A George, Linda Duval, Niloufar Nellie F Hedrick
Introduction Infection in our immunocompromised patients is the second leading cause of death, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). In an effort to improve quality of care, engage patients in their own care, and reduce morbidity and mortality secondary to infection, the Network designed a joint quality improvement/patient engagement activity to decrease bloodstream infection (BSI) rates. Methods Dialysis facilities were ranked utilizing 2014 National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) data...
October 2016: Hemodialysis International
Sean G Kelly, Michael Yarrington, Teresa R Zembower, Sarah H Sutton, Christina Silkaitis, Michael Postelnick, Anessa Mikolajczak, Maureen K Bolon
BACKGROUND The nationally reported metric for Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) relies solely on laboratory testing, which can result in overreporting due to asymptomatic C. difficile colonization. OBJECTIVE To review the clinical scenarios of cases of healthcare facility-onset CDI (HO-CDI) and to determine the appropriateness of C. difficile testing on the basis of presence of symptomatic diarrhea in order to identify areas for improvement. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING Northwestern Memorial Hospital, a large, tertiary academic hospital in Chicago, Illinois...
September 26, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Brad S Oriel, Qi Chen, Kevin Wong, Kamal M F Itani
BACKGROUND: Selection of a pre-operative hand antisepsis agent has not been studied in relation to surgical site infection (SSI) culture data. In our hospital, we introduced an alcohol-based hand rub (ABR) in 2012 as an alternative to traditional aqueous surgical scrubs (TSS). It was the goal of this study to review any effect of this implementation on SSI pathogen characteristics. In addition, we sought to compare our SSI culture data with available National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) data...
September 23, 2016: Surgical Infections
Maya Dahan, Shauna O'Donnell, Julie Hebert, Milagros Gonzales, Bonita Lee, A Uma Chandran, Samantha Woolsey, Sandra Escoredo, Heather Chinnery, Caroline Quach
OBJECTIVE Central-line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in neonates. We aimed to determine whether intra-abdominal pathologies are an independent risk factor for CLABSI. METHODS We performed a retrospective matched case-control study of infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) of the Montreal Children's Hospital (Montreal) and the Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton, Canada. CLABSI cases that occurred between April 2009 and March 2014 were identified through local infection control databases...
September 9, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Jolyn S Taylor, Claire A Marten, Kimberly A Potts, Lynn M Cloutier, Katherine E Cain, Shauna L Fenton, Tara N Tatum, Deepthi A James, Keith N Myers, Cheryl A Hubbs, Jennifer K Burzawa, Shital Vachhani, Alpa M Nick, Larissa A Meyer, Linda S Graviss, Kathy M Ware, Anne K Park, Thomas A Aloia, Diane C Bodurka, Charles F Levenback, Kathleen M Schmeler
PURPOSE: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are associated with patient morbidity and increased health care costs. Although several national organizations including the University HealthSystem Consortium (UHC), the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP), and the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) monitor SSI, there is no standard reporting methodology. METHODS: We queried the UHC, NSQIP, and NHSN databases from July 2012 to June 2014 for SSI after gynecologic surgery at our institution...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
Rishi Parikh, Daniel Pollock, Jyotirmay Sharma, Jonathan Edwards
OBJECTIVE We compared risk for surgical site infection (SSI) following surgical breast procedures among 2 patient groups: those whose procedures were performed in ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs) and those whose procedures were performed in hospital-based outpatient facilities. DESIGN Cohort study using National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) SSI data for breast procedures performed from 2010 to 2014. METHODS Unconditional multivariate logistic regression was used to examine the association between facility type and breast SSI, adjusting for American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Physical Status Classification, patient age, and duration of procedure...
October 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Sarah S Jackson, Surbhi Leekha, Lisa Pineles, Laurence S Magder, Kerri A Thom, Yuan Wang, Anthony D Harris
OBJECTIVE To identify comorbid conditions associated with surgical site infection (SSI) among patients undergoing renal transplantation and improve existing risk adjustment methodology used by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN). PATIENTS Patients (≥18 years) who underwent renal transplantation at University of Maryland Medical Center January 1, 2010-December 31, 2011. METHODS Trained infection preventionists reviewed medical records to identify surgical site infections that developed within 30 days after transplantation, using NHSN criteria...
October 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
John J Halperin, Stephen Moran, Doriann Prasek, Ann Richards, Charlene Ruggiero, Christina Maund
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) result in excess morbidity, mortality, and resource consumption. Immobilized, ventilator-dependent ICU patients are at the highest risk of HAI. METHODS: Despite broad implementation of relevant bundles, HAI incidence in our neuro ICU remained high, particularly catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) and ventilator-associated events (VAEs). We reviewed the administrative data and nosocomial infection markers (NIMs) for all neurology and cranial neurosurgery patients admitted to our neuro ICU between January 2011 and May 2014, identified and implemented interventions, and measured effects using National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN)-defined CAUTIs and VAEs...
October 2016: Neurocritical Care
Geoffrey Taylor, Denise Gravel, Anne Matlow, Joanne Embree, Nicole LeSaux, Lynn Johnston, Kathryn N Suh, Michael John, John Embil, Elizabeth Henderson, Virginia Roth, Alice Wong
BACKGROUND: Healthcare acquired infections (HAI) are an important public health problem in developed countries, but comprehensive data on trends over time are lacking. Prevalence surveys have been used as a surrogate for incidence studies and can be readily repeated. METHODS: The Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program conducted prevalence surveys in 2002 and 2009 in a large network of major Canadian acute care hospitals. NHSN definitions of HAI were used...
2016: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Lori A Pollack, Katharina L van Santen, Lindsey M Weiner, Margaret A Dudeck, Jonathan R Edwards, Arjun Srinivasan
BACKGROUND: The National Action Plan to Combat Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria calls for all US hospitals to improve antibiotic prescribing as a key prevention strategy for resistance and Clostridium difficile Antibiotic stewardship programs (ASPs) will be important in this effort but implementation is not well understood. METHODS: We analyzed the 2014 National Healthcare Safety Network Annual Hospital Survey to describe ASPs in US acute care hospitals as defined by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Core Elements for Hospital ASPs...
August 15, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Christopher S Kovacs, Cynthia Fatica, Robert Butler, Steven M Gordon, Thomas G Fraser
BACKGROUND: This study was done to describe the incidence and outcomes of primary hospital-acquired bloodstream infection (HABSI) secondary to Staphylococcus aureus (SA) that did and did not meet the National Healthcare Safety Network's (NHSN's) definition for central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI). METHODS: Consecutive hospitalized patients during a 48-month study period with an SA HABSI were categorized according to those who did and did not meet the NHSN's definitions for CLABSI and non-CLABSI...
May 5, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Edward Septimus, Jason Hickok, Julia Moody, Ken Kleinman, Taliser R Avery, Susan S Huang, Richard Platt, Jonathan Perlin
BACKGROUND: Challenges exist in implementing evidence-based strategies, reaching high compliance, and achieving desired outcomes. The rapid adoption of a publicly available toolkit featuring routine universal decolonization of intensive care unit (ICU) patients may affect catheter-related bloodstream infections. METHODS: Implementation of universal decolonization-treatment of all ICU patients with chlorhexidine bathing and nasal mupirocin-used a prerelease version of a publicly available toolkit...
July 15, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Warren Lowman
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are a significant although unquantified burden in South Africa. Lack of adequate surveillance compounds this problem. OBJECTIVE: To report on the establishment and outcomes of a unit-specific surveillance system for hospital-acquired infections, based on international standards, in a private academic hospital. METHODS: Active unit-specific surveillance of device-associated infections (DAIs) was introduced over a 2-year period...
May 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Lindsay K Rumberger, Debra Vittetoe, Lorene Cathey, Harriet Bennett, Robert E Heidel, Brian J Daley
Our hospital, a Tennessee Surgical Quality Collaborative (TSQC) member, adopted a statewide colorectal care bundle intended to reduce surgical site infections (SSI) in elective colorectal cases. The bundle includes proper antibiotics/dosing, normoglycemia, normothermia, supplemental oxygen six hours postoperatively, and early enteral nutrition. A single-institution retrospective study of our National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database for the rates of SSI before and after the colorectal bundle...
April 2016: American Surgeon
Isaac See, Julia Chang, Nicole Gualandi, Genevieve L Buser, Pamela Rohrbach, Debra A Smeltz, Mary Jo Bellush, Susan E Coffin, Jane M Gould, Debra Hess, Patricia Hennessey, Sydney Hubbard, Andrea Kiernan, Judith O'Donnell, David A Pegues, Jeffrey R Miller, Shelley S Magill
OBJECTIVE To determine the clinical diagnoses associated with the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) pneumonia (PNEU) or lower respiratory infection (LRI) surveillance events DESIGN Retrospective chart review SETTING A convenience sample of 8 acute-care hospitals in Pennsylvania PATIENTS All patients hospitalized during 2011-2012 METHODS Medical records were reviewed from a random sample of patients reported to the NHSN to have PNEU or LRI, excluding adults with ventilator-associated PNEU. Documented clinical diagnoses corresponding temporally to the PNEU and LRI events were recorded...
July 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
E Yoko Furuya, Andrew W Dick, Carolyn T A Herzig, Monika Pogorzelska-Maziarz, Elaine L Larson, Patricia W Stone
OBJECTIVES To describe compliance with the central line (CL) insertion bundle overall and with individual bundle elements in US adult intensive care units (ICUs) and to determine the relationship between bundle compliance and central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) rates. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS National sample of adult ICUs participating in National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) surveillance. METHODS Hospitals were surveyed to determine compliance with CL insertion bundle elements in ICUs...
July 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
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