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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665877/the-impact-of-2015-nhsn-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-cauti-definition-change-on-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infection-clabsi-rates-and-clabsi-prevention-efforts-at-an-academic-medical-center
#1
Sonali D Advani, Rachael A Lee, Martha Long, Mariann Schmitz, Bernard C Camins
The 2015 changes in the catheter-associated urinary tract infection definition led to an increase in central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) and catheter-related candidemia in some health systems due to the change in CLABSI attribution. However, our rates remained unchanged in 2015 and further declined in 2016 with the implementation of new vascular-access guidelines.Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018;1-3.
April 18, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655671/overreporting-healthcare-associated-c-difficile-a-comparison-of-nhsn-labid-with-clinical-surveillance-definitions-in-the-era-of-molecular-testing
#2
Kathryn Albert, Barbara Ross, David P Calfee, Matthew S Simon
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is the most common healthcare-associated gastrointestinal infection. Hospitals are required to report cases of healthcare facility-onset CDI (HO-CDI) using the National Healthcare Safety Network's CDI laboratory-identified (LabID) event definition. The aim of this study was to determine the extent of potential over-reporting due to the exclusion of important clinical data within LabID reporting definitions. METHODS: In 2015, retrospective chart review was performed on 212 HO-CDI cases reported from a large urban medical center...
April 11, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551201/impact-of-a-change-in-surveillance-definition-on-performance-assessment-of-a-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-prevention-program-at-a-tertiary-care-medical-center
#3
Madhuri M Sopirala, Asma Syed, Roman Jandarov, Margaret Lewis
BACKGROUND: In January 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)/National Health Safety Network (NHSN) changed the definition of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI). We evaluated the outcomes of a robust CAUTI prevention program when we performed surveillance using the old definition (before 2015) versus the new definition (after 2015). This is the first study to evaluate how the change in CDC/NHSN definitions affected the outcomes of a CAUTI reduction program...
March 16, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478758/the-national-healthcare-safety-network-long-term-care-facility-component-early-reporting-experience-january-2013-december-2015
#4
Danielle L Palms, Elisabeth Mungai, Taniece Eure, Angela Anttila, Nicola D Thompson, Margaret A Dudeck, Jonathan R Edwards, Jeneita M Bell, Nimalie D Stone
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention launched the Long-term Care Facility (LTCF) Component of the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) designed for LTCFs to monitor Clostridium difficile infections (CDIs), urinary tract infections (UTIs), infections due to multidrug-resistant organisms, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and infection prevention process measures. METHODS: We describe characteristics and reporting patterns of facilities enrolled in the first 3 years of the surveillance system and rate estimates for CDI, UTI, and MRSA data submitted between 2013 and 2015...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449023/healthcare-associated-infections-studies-project-an-american-journal-of-infection-control-and-national-healthcare-safety-network-data-quality-collaboration-location-mapping
#5
Marc-Oliver Wright, Scott G Decker, Katherine Allen-Bridson, Joan N Hebden, Denise Leaptrot
This case study is part of a series centered on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) health care-associated infection (HAI) surveillance definitions. This specific case study focuses on appropriately mapping locations within an NHSN-enrolled facility. The intent of the case study series is to foster standardized application of the NHSN HAI surveillance definitions among IPs and encourage accurate determination of HAI events. An online survey link is provided where participants may confidentially answer questions related to the case study and receive immediate feedback in the form of correct answers and explanations and rationales...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427997/impact-of-the-international-nosocomial-infection-control-consortium-inicc-s-multidimensional-approach-on-rates-of-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infection-in-14-intensive-care-units-in-11-hospitals-of-5-cities-in-argentina
#6
Victor Daniel Rosenthal, Javier Desse, Diego Marcelo Maurizi, Gustavo Jorge Chaparro, Pablo Wenceslao Orellano, Viviana Chediack, Rafael Cabrera, Daniel Golschmid, Cristina Graciela Silva, Julio Cesar Vimercati, Juan Pablo Stagnaro, Ivanna Perez, María Laura Spadaro, Adriana Miriam Montanini, Dina Pedersen, Teresa Laura Paniccia, Ana María Ríos Aguilera, Raul Cermesoni, Juan Ignacio Mele, Ernesto Alda, Analía Edith Paldoro, Agustín Román Ortta, Bettina Cooke, María Cecilia García, Mora Nair Obed, Cecilia Verónica Domínguez, Pablo Alejandro Saúl, María Cecilia Rodríguez Del Valle, Alberto Claudio Bianchi, Gustavo Alvarez, Ricardo Pérez, Carolina Oyola
OBJECTIVE To analyze the impact of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) Multidimensional Approach (IMA) and the INICC Surveillance Online System (ISOS) on central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) rates in 14 intensive care units (ICUs) in Argentina from January 2014 to April 2017. DESIGN This prospective, pre-post surveillance study of 3,940 ICU patients was conducted in 11 hospitals in 5 cities in Argentina. During our baseline evaluation, we performed outcome and process surveillance of CLABSI applying Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/National Health Safety Network (CDC/NHSN) definitions...
February 12, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409000/the-standardized-antimicrobial-administration-ratio-a-new-metric-for-measuring-and-comparing-antibiotic-use
#7
Katharina L van Santen, Jonathan R Edwards, Amy K Webb, Lori A Pollack, Erin O'Leary, Melinda M Neuhauser, Arjun Srinivasan, Daniel A Pollock
Background: To provide a standardized, risk-adjusted method for summarizing antibiotic use (AU) and to enable hospitals to track their AU over time and compare their AU data to national benchmarks, CDC developed a new metric, the Standardized Antimicrobial Administration Ratio (SAAR). Methods: Hospitals reporting to the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) AU Option collect and submit aggregated AU data electronically as antimicrobial days of therapy per patient days present...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249216/pathogen-distribution-and-antimicrobial-resistance-among-pediatric-healthcare-associated-infections-reported-to-the-national-healthcare-safety-network-2011-2014
#8
Jason G Lake, Lindsey M Weiner, Aaron M Milstone, Lisa Saiman, Shelley S Magill, Isaac See
OBJECTIVE To describe pathogen distribution and antimicrobial resistance patterns for healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) reported to the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) from pediatric locations during 2011-2014. METHODS Device-associated infection data were analyzed for central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI), catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI), ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), and surgical site infection (SSI). Pooled mean percentage resistance was calculated for a variety of pathogen-antimicrobial resistance pattern combinations and was stratified by location for device-associated infections (neonatal intensive care units [NICUs], pediatric intensive care units [PICUs], pediatric oncology and pediatric wards) and by surgery type for SSIs...
January 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195584/health-care-associated-infections-studies-project-an-american-journal-of-infection-control-and-national-healthcare-safety-network-data-quality-collaboration
#9
Katherine Allen-Bridson, Cindy Gross, Angela Anttila, Janet E Brooks, Joan N Hebden, Denise Leaptrot, Georganne Ryan, Eileen Scalise, Henrietta Smith, Marc-Oliver Wright
This case study is part of a series centered on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) health care-associated infection (HAI) surveillance definitions. This specific case study focuses on the definitions and protocols used to make HAI infection determinations, such as the infection window period and secondary bloodstream infection attribution period. The case reflects the real-life and complex patient scenarios that infection preventionists (IPs) face when identifying and reporting HAIs to NHSN...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046215/prospective-surveillance-of-device-associated-health-care-associated-infection-in-an-intensive-care-unit-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-new-delhi-india
#10
Shilpee Kumar, Poornima Sen, Rajni Gaind, Pardeep Kumar Verma, Poonam Gupta, Prem Rose Suri, Sunita Nagpal, Anil Kumar Rai
BACKGROUND: Surveillance of health care-associated infections (HAIs) plays a key role in the hospital infection control program and reduction of HAIs. In India, most of the surveillance of HAIs is reported from private sector hospitals that do not depict the situation of government sector hospitals. Other studies do not confirm with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) surveillance criterion, or deal with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) instead of ventilator-associated event (VAE)...
October 15, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031827/development-of-a-surgical-site-infection-prediction-model-in-orthopaedic-trauma-the-denver-health-model
#11
Sara M Reese, Bryan Knepper, Heather L Young, Cyril Mauffrey
BACKGROUND: The CDC's National Healthcare Safety Network's (NHSN) current risk adjustment model for surgical site infections (SSI) following open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) of long bone fractures is a suboptimal predictor of risk. We hypothesized that by including variables known to be associated with SSI following ORIF, we would develop a model that would increase the accuracy and predictability of SSI risk. METHODS: Patients who underwent ORIF of a long bone between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2014 were included in the study (n=1543)...
December 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989500/prospective-multicentre-study-in-intensive-care-units-in-five-cities-from-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia-impact-of-the-international-nosocomial-infection-control-consortium-inicc-multidimensional-approach-on-rates-of-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infection
#12
Hail M Al-Abdely, Areej Dhafer Alshehri, Victor Daniel Rosenthal, Yassir Khidir Mohammed, Weam Banjar, Pablo Wenceslao Orellano, Abdullah Mufareh Assiri, Nahla Moustafa Abedel Kader, Hessa Abdullah Al Enizy, Diaa Abdullah Mohammed, Duaa Khalil Al-Awadi, Analen Fabros Cabato, Maria Wasbourne, Randa Saliya, Rosita Gasmin Aromin, Evangelina Balon Ubalde, Hanan Hanafy Diab, Modhi Abdullah Alkamaly, Nawal Mohammed Alanazi, Ibtesam Yahia Hassan Assiry, Apsia Musa Molano, Celia Flores Baldonado, Mohamed Al-Azhary, Sharifa Al Atawi, Apsia Musa Molano, Fatima Mohammad Al Adwani, Arlu Marie Casuyon Pahilanga, Raslan Nakhla, Fatma Mohammad Al Adwani, Deepa Sasithran Nair, Grace Sindayen, Annalyn Amor Malificio, Najla Jameel Helali, Haya Barjas Al Dossari, Ashraf Kelany, Abdulmajid Ghowaizi Algethami, Leigh Yanne, Avigail Tan, Sheema Babu, Shatha Mohammad Abduljabbar, Syed Zahid Bukhari, Roaa Hasan Basri, Jeyashri Jaji Mushtaq, Hala Rushdi, Abdullah Abdulaziz Turkistani, Jerlie Mae Gonzales Celiz, Mohammed Abdullah Al Raey, Ibrahim Am Al-Zaydani Asiri, Saeed Ali Aldarani, Elizabeth Laungayan Cortez, Nadia Lynette Demaisip, Misbah Rehman Aziz, Ali Omer Abdul Aziz, Batool Al Manea, Eslam Samy, Mervat Al-Dalaton, Mohammed Jkedeb Alaliany
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the impact of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) Multidimensional Approach (IMA) and INICC Surveillance Online System (ISOS) on central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) rates in five intensive care units (ICUs) from October 2013 to September 2015. DESIGN: Prospective, before-after surveillance study of 3769 patients hospitalised in four adult ICUs and one paediatric ICU in five hospitals in five cities...
January 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976816/extraction-strings-for-ureteric-stents-is-there-an-increased-risk-for-urinary-tract-infections
#13
Maryna Fröhlich, Jan Fehr, Tullio Sulser, Daniel Eberli, Ashkan Mortezavi
BACKGROUND: To evaluate urinary tract infections associated with placement of ureteric stents, we performed a retrospective study and compared rates between patients with and patients without an extraction string attached to the ureteric stent. Indwelling ureteric stents are routinely removed by cystoscopy. If an extraction string has been connected to the stent at the time of placement, however, the removal can be performed without an invasive procedure. Concerns exist regarding the risk for an unintentional dislocation, increased stent-related discomfort, or an increase of the post-operative urinary tract infection rate...
October 4, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877671/surveillance-of-device-associated-infections-and-mortality-in-a-major-intensive-care-unit-in-the-republic-of-cyprus
#14
Stelios Iordanou, Nicos Middleton, Elizabeth Papathanassoglou, Vasilios Raftopoulos
BACKGROUND: Device-associated health care-associated infections (DA-HAI) pose a threat to patient safety, particularly in the intensive care unit. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of DA-HAIs, mortality and crude excess mortality at a General Hospital's Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in the Republic of Cyprus for 1 year period. METHODS: A prospective cohort, active DA-HAIs surveillance study with the use of Health Acquired Infections (HAIs) ICU Protocol (v1...
September 6, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807196/trauma-patients-meeting-both-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-s-definitions-for-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-had-worse-outcomes-than-those-meeting-only-one
#15
Duraid Younan, Russell Griffin, Thomas Swain, Jean-Francois Pittet, Bernard Camins
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) replaced its old definition for ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) with the ventilator-associated events algorithm in 2013. We sought to compare the outcome of trauma patients meeting the definitions for VAP in the two modules. METHODS: Trauma patients with blunt or penetrating injuries and with at least 2 d of ventilator support were identified from the trauma registry from 2013 to 2014...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805359/medicare-program-prospective-payment-system-and-consolidated-billing-for-skilled-nursing-facilities-for-fy-2018-snf-value-based-purchasing-program-snf-quality-reporting-program-survey-team-composition-and-correction-of-the-performance-period-for-the-nhsn-hcp
#16
(no author information available yet)
This final rule updates the payment rates used under the prospective payment system (PPS) for skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) for fiscal year (FY) 2018. It also revises and rebases the market basket index by updating the base year from 2010 to 2014, and by adding a new cost category for Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Services. The rule also finalizes revisions to the SNF Quality Reporting Program (QRP), including measure and standardized resident assessment data policies and policies related to public display...
August 4, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790779/device-associated-healthcare-associated-infections-da-hai-and-the-caveat-of-multiresistance-in-a-multidisciplinary-intensive-care-unit
#17
Inam Danish Khan, Atoshi Basu, Sheshadri Kiran, Shaleen Trivedi, Priyanka Pandit, Anupam Chattoraj
BACKGROUND: Device-Associated Healthcare-Associated Infections (DA-HAI), including Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP), Central-Line-Associated Blood Stream Infection (CLABSI), and Catheter-Related Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI), are considered as principal contributors to healthcare hazard and threat to patient safety as they can cause prolonged hospital stay, sepsis, and mortality in the ICU. The study intends to characterize DA-HAI in a tertiary care multidisciplinary ICU of a teaching hospital in eastern India...
July 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663227/national-healthcare-safety-network-nhsn-dialysis-event-surveillance-report-for-2014
#18
Duc B Nguyen, Alicia Shugart, Christi Lines, Ami B Shah, Jonathan Edwards, Daniel Pollock, Dawn Sievert, Priti R Patel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Persons receiving outpatient hemodialysis are at risk for bloodstream and vascular access infections. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention conducts surveillance for these infections through the National Healthcare Safety Network. We summarize 2014 data submitted to National Healthcare Safety Network Dialysis Event Surveillance. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Dialysis facilities report three types of dialysis events (bloodstream infections; intravenous antimicrobial starts; and pus, redness, or increased swelling at the hemodialysis vascular access site)...
July 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614140/a-comparison-of-clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonias-among-burn-patients-by-diagnostic-criteria-set
#19
Duraid Younan, Russell Griffin, Thomas Swain, Eric Schinnerer, Jean-Francois Pittet, Bernard Camins
OBJECTIVES: The National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) replaced its old definition for ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) with ventilator-associated events (VAEs) in 2013. Little data is available comparing the two definitions in burn patients. METHODS: Data from 2011 to 2014 were collected on burn patients mechanically ventilated for at least 2 days. VAP was determined using two methods: (1) pneumonia as defined by the previous more clinical CDC (NHSN) definition captured in the burn registry; (2) pneumonia as defined by the recent CDC (NHSN) standard of VAEs where patients meeting the criteria for possible VAP were considered having a pneumonia...
December 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588645/predisposing-factors-for-recurrence-of-chronic-posttraumatic-osteomyelitis-a-retrospective-observational-cohort-study-from-a-tertiary-referral-center-in-brazil
#20
Luciana Souza Jorge, Alceu G Chueire, Patricia Silva Fucuta, Mauricio N Machado, Maria Gabriele L Oliveira, Marcelo A Nakazone, Mauro José Salles
BACKGROUND: The incidence of posttraumatic osteomyelitis (PTO) is increasing despite new treatment strategies. Assessment of patients' outcomes following PTO is challenging due to multiple variables. The study goals are to determine the frequency of recurrence following PTO treatment and identify factors predisposing patients to treatment failure. METHODS: Between August 01, 2007 to August 30, 2012, a single-center retrospective cohort study was performed among 193 patients diagnosed with PTO following orthopedic surgery for fracture care...
2017: Patient Safety in Surgery
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