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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771177/direct-observation-of-dog-density-and-composition-during-street-counts-as-a-resource-efficient-method-of-measuring-variation-in-roaming-dog-populations-over-time-and-between-locations
#1
Elly Hiby, Lex Hiby
Dog population management is conducted in many countries to address the public health risks from roaming dogs and threats to their welfare. To assess its effectiveness, we need to monitor indicators from both the human and dog populations that are quick and easy to collect, precise and meaningful to intervention managers, donors and local citizens. We propose that the most appropriate indicators from the roaming dog population are population density and composition, based on counting dogs along standard routes using a standard survey protocol...
August 3, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740850/the-role-of-dog-population-management-in-rabies-elimination-a-review-of-current-approaches-and-future-opportunities
#2
REVIEW
Louise H Taylor, Ryan M Wallace, Deepashree Balaram, Joann M Lindenmayer, Douglas C Eckery, Beryl Mutonono-Watkiss, Ellie Parravani, Louis H Nel
Free-roaming dogs and rabies transmission are integrally linked across many low-income countries, and large unmanaged dog populations can be daunting to rabies control program planners. Dog population management (DPM) is a multifaceted concept that aims to improve the health and well-being of free-roaming dogs, reduce problems they may cause, and may also aim to reduce dog population size. In theory, DPM can facilitate more effective rabies control. Community engagement focused on promoting responsible dog ownership and better veterinary care could improve the health of individual animals and dog vaccination coverage, thus reducing rabies transmission...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697845/evaluation-of-veterans-affairs-primary-care-nurse-practitioner-residency-achievement-of-competencies
#3
Kathryn Wirtz Rugen, Mary A Dolansky, Maya Dulay, Samuel King, Nancy Harada
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine has recommended the establishment of residency programs for advanced practice nursing graduates. Currently, the evidence about program effectiveness is limited. PURPOSE: To describe the nurse practitioner (NP) resident outcomes on seven competency domains established by the VA Centers of Excellence in Primary Care Education (VA CoEPCE). METHODS: We evaluated mean NP resident competency self-ratings and mean mentor ratings over the 12-month program across NP residency programs at five sites...
June 13, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681616/depression-in-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Scott B Patten, Ruth Ann Marrie, Mauro G Carta
Depressive disorders occur in up to 50% of people living with multiple sclerosis (MS). Prevalence estimates are generally 2-3-times higher than those of the general population. Myriad aetiologic factors may contribute to the aetiology of depression in MS including biological mechanisms (e.g. hippocampal microglial activation, lesion burden, regional atrophy), as well as the stressors, threats, and losses that accompany living with an unpredictable and often disabling disease. Some prominent risk factors for depression such as (younger) age, (female) sex, and family history of depression are less consistently associated with depression in MS than they are in the general population...
July 6, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671609/a-survey-of-public-opinion-on-cat-felis-catus-predation-and-the-future-direction-of-cat-management-in-new-zealand
#5
Jessica K Walker, Stephanie J Bruce, Arnja R Dale
Cat predation is a prominent issue in New Zealand that provokes strong and opposing views. We explored, via 1011 face-to-face questionnaires, public opinion on (a) support for a National Cat Management Strategy (78% support); (b) concern regarding predation of wildlife by owned and un-owned cats (managed stray, unmanaged stray, and feral cats); (c) the acceptability of management techniques for owned cats; and (d) the acceptability of population management techniques for un-owned cats. The highest concern was expressed regarding the predation of non-native and native wildlife by feral cats (60 and 86% repectively), followed by unmanaged stray cats (59 and 86% respectively), managed stray cats (54 and 82% respectively), and finally owned cats (38 and 69% repectively)...
July 3, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667018/a-high-density-linkage-map-reveals-sexual-dimorphism-in-recombination-landscapes-in-red-deer-cervus-elaphus
#6
Susan E Johnston, Jisca Huisman, Philip A Ellis, Josephine M Pemberton
High density linkage maps are an important tool to gain insight into the genetic architecture of traits of evolutionary and economic interest, and provide a resource to characterise variation in recombination landscapes. Here, we used information from the cattle genome and the 50K Cervine Illumina BeadChip to inform and refine a high density linkage map in a wild population of red deer (Cervus elaphus). We constructed a predicted linkage map of 38,038 SNPs and a skeleton map of 10,835 SNPs across 34 linkage groups...
June 30, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663403/-modern-distal-femoral-locking-plates-allow-safe-early-weight-bearing-with-a-high-rate-of-union-and-low-rate-of-failure-five-year-experience-from-a-united-kingdom-major-trauma-centre
#7
W E C Poole, D G G Wilson, H C Guthrie, S F Bellringer, R Freeman, E Guryel, S G Nicol
AIMS: Fractures of the distal femur can be challenging to manage and are on the increase in the elderly osteoporotic population. Management with casting or bracing can unacceptably limit a patient's ability to bear weight, but historically, operative fixation has been associated with a high rate of re-operation. In this study, we describe the outcomes of fixation using modern implants within a strategy of early return to function. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients treated at our centre with lateral distal femoral locking plates (LDFLP) between 2009 and 2014 were identified...
July 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645552/mortality-following-augmentation-cystoplasty-a-transitional-urologist-s-viewpoint
#8
REVIEW
D A Husmann
INTRODUCTION: Three complications have been hypothesized to increase patient mortality following enterocystoplasty: spontaneous bladder perforation, bladder neoplasia, and chronic renal failure (CRF). The present study examined risk of their occurrence and discussed ways to improve the quality of care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present transitional clinic followed 385 patients with a history of bladder augmentation using either ileal, sigmoid, or ascending colon...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616062/severe-consequences-of-habitat-fragmentation-on-genetic-diversity-of-an-endangered-australian-freshwater-fish-a-call-for-assisted-gene-flow
#9
Alexandra Pavlova, Luciano B Beheregaray, Rhys Coleman, Dean Gilligan, Katherine A Harrisson, Brett A Ingram, Joanne Kearns, Annika M Lamb, Mark Lintermans, Jarod Lyon, Thuy T T Nguyen, Minami Sasaki, Zeb Tonkin, Jian D L Yen, Paul Sunnucks
Genetic diversity underpins the ability of populations to persist and adapt to environmental changes. Substantial empirical data show that genetic diversity rapidly deteriorates in small and isolated populations due to genetic drift, leading to reduction in adaptive potential and fitness and increase in inbreeding. Assisted gene flow (e.g. via translocations) can reverse these trends, but lack of data on fitness loss and fear of impairing population "uniqueness" often prevents managers from acting. Here, we use population genetic and riverscape genetic analyses and simulations to explore the consequences of extensive habitat loss and fragmentation on population genetic diversity and future population trajectories of an endangered Australian freshwater fish, Macquarie perch Macquaria australasica...
July 2017: Evolutionary Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558736/scoping-review-of-indicators-and-methods-of-measurement-used-to-evaluate-the-impact-of-dog-population-management-interventions
#10
Elly Hiby, Kate Nattrass Atema, Rebecca Brimley, Alexandra Hammond-Seaman, Mark Jones, Andrew Rowan, Emelie Fogelberg, Mark Kennedy, Deepashree Balaram, Louis Nel, Sarah Cleaveland, Katie Hampson, Sunny Townsend, Tiziana Lembo, Nicola Rooney, Helen Rebecca Whay, Joy Pritchard, Jane Murray, Lisa van Dijk, Natalie Waran, Heather Bacon, Darryn Knobel, Lou Tasker, Chris Baker, Lex Hiby
BACKGROUND: Dogs are ubiquitous in human society and attempts to manage their populations are common to most countries. Managing dog populations is achieved through a range of interventions to suit the dog population dynamics and dog ownership characteristics of the location, with a number of potential impacts or goals in mind. Impact assessment provides the opportunity for interventions to identify areas of inefficiencies for improvement and build evidence of positive change. METHODS: This scoping review collates 26 studies that have assessed the impacts of dog population management interventions...
May 30, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554341/crowd-simulations-and-determining-the-critical-density-point-of-emergency-situations
#11
Gholamreza Khademipour, Nouzar Nakhaee, Seyed Mohammad Saberi Anari, Maryam Sadeghi, Hojjat Ebrahimnejad, Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri
OBJECTIVE: In modern societies, crowds and mass gatherings are recurrent. A combination of inadequate facilities and inefficient population management can lead to injury and death. Simulating people's behavior in crowds and mass gatherings can assist in the planning and management of gatherings, especially in emergency situations. METHODS: We aimed to determine the crowd pattern and the critical density point in the grand bazaar of Kerman in Iran. We collected data by use of a census method with a questionnaire...
May 30, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522930/data-analytics-in-the-large-urology-practice-patient-identification-population-management-and-protocol-adherence
#12
John J Azzolina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Reviews in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483892/a-hepatitis-c-treatment-program-based-in-a-safety-net-hospital-patient-centered-medical-home
#13
Karen E Lasser, Alexandra Heinz, Leandra Battisti, Alexandria Akoumianakis, Ve Truong, Judith Tsui, Glorimar Ruiz, Jeffrey H Samet
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major public health problem. Urban safety-net hospitals are a prime location for HCV treatment delivery. Showing that physicians in primary care settings can deliver HCV infection care is important to expand treatment; models doing so in the era of newer oral HCV medications are needed. This article describes an innovative and successful HCV primary care treatment program in a patient-centered medical home based at an urban, safety-net hospital. The program is public health oriented in that a central team member is a public health social worker who performs population management and addresses underlying social determinants of health to facilitate engagement in HCV treatment...
May 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448782/amcp-partnership-forum-driving-value-and-outcomes-in-oncology
#14
(no author information available yet)
Innovation in cancer treatment has provided a wealth of recently available therapeutic agents and a healthy drug pipeline that promises to change the way we approach this disease and the lives of those affected in the years to come. However, the majority of these new agents, many of which are targeted to specific genomic features of various tumors, may challenge the health care system's ability to afford cancer care. This innovation drives the need to focus on the value of the treatments provided to patients with cancer and on methods to optimize the efficiency of the dollars we spend, in addition to the clinical value itself...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443682/abandonment-of-dogs-and-cats-public-opinions-as-population-management-indicators
#15
Oswaldo Santos Baquero, Evelyn Nestori Chiozzotto, Rita de Cassia Maria Garcia, Marcos Amaku, Fernando Ferreira
This study involved characterizing public opinions on selected issues related to the abandonment of dogs and cats in Votorantim, São Paulo, Brazil. This goal was achieved by applying multiple correspondence analysis to answers recorded in questionnaires of a population-based survey. The results suggest that the tolerance of potentially problematic behaviors did not depend on the specific kind of behavior, at least among the behaviors evaluated. The opinions given for the most frequent fate of the companion animals did not depend on the species, and those who considered abandonment to be one of the most frequent fates tended to also consider abandonment as a solution to problematic behaviors...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438912/effects-of-conservation-management-of-landscapes-and-vertebrate-communities-on-lyme-borreliosis-risk-in-the-united-kingdom
#16
REVIEW
Caroline Millins, Lucy Gilbert, Jolyon Medlock, Kayleigh Hansford, Des Ba Thompson, Roman Biek
Landscape change and altered host abundance are major drivers of zoonotic pathogen emergence. Conservation and biodiversity management of landscapes and vertebrate communities can have secondary effects on vector-borne pathogen transmission that are important to assess. Here we review the potential implications of these activities on the risk of Lyme borreliosis in the United Kingdom. Conservation management activities include woodland expansion, management and restoration, deer management, urban greening and the release and culling of non-native species...
June 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433672/montreal-accord-on-patient-reported-outcomes-use-series-paper-1-introduction
#17
Susan J Bartlett, Sara Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Patient-centered healthcare, where we design and deliver care to address the needs and preferences of patients, represents an important paradigm shift. Patient reported outcomes (PROs) are critical to capture the patient voice, understand how illness and treatments affect people, and establish how well services and treatments address what matters most to patients. OBJECTIVE: Originally developed for use in research, PROs are now used to monitor individuals and populations, manage care, evaluate services and providers, and inform policy...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416322/nephrologists-and-integrated-kidney-disease-care-roles-and-skills-essential-for-nephrologists-for-future-success
#18
Allen R Nissenson, Franklin W Maddux
As the costs of caring for patients with end-stage renal disease have grown, so has the pressure to provide high-quality care at a lower cost. Prompted in large part by regulatory and legislative changes, reimbursement is shifting from a fee-for-service environment to one of value-based payment models. Nephrologists in this new environment are increasingly responsible not only for direct patient care, but also for population management and the associated clinical outcomes for this vulnerable population. This Perspective article aims to recognize the key role and skills needed in order to successfully practice within these new value-based care models...
July 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415972/community-based-survey-during-rabies-outbreaks-in-rangjung-town-trashigang-eastern-bhutan-2016
#19
Tenzin Tenzin, Jamyang Namgyal, Sangay Letho
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a highly fatal disease transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal. Human deaths can be prevented by prompt administering of rabies vaccine and rabies immunoglobulin following the exposure. An assessment of community knowledge, awareness and practices on rabies is important during outbreak to understand their preparedness and target educational messages and response activities by the rapid response team. METHODS: A rabies outbreak has occurred in Rangjung town, eastern Bhutan on 4 October 2016...
April 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410124/wildlife-population-management-are-contraceptive-vaccines-a-feasible-proposition
#20
REVIEW
Satish Kumar Gupta, Vidisha Minhas
To minimize human-animal conflicts for habitation and burden of zoonotic diseases, it is imperative to develop new strategies for wildlife population management. In this direction, contraceptive vaccines eliciting immune response against hormones/proteins critical for reproduction have emerged as one of the promising options. Contraceptive vaccines based on neutralization of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) have been used for inhibition of fertility in various species such as wild horses, white-tailed deer, pigs, cats, dogs etc...
June 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
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