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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081061/vital-signs-decrease-in-incidence-of-diabetes-related-end-stage-renal-disease-among-american-indians-alaska-natives-united-states-1996-2013
#1
Ann Bullock, Nilka Ríos Burrows, Andrew S Narva, Karen Sheff, Israel Hora, Akaki Lekiachvili, Hannah Cain, David Espey
BACKGROUND: American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) have the highest diabetes prevalence among any racial/ethnic group in the United States. Among AI/AN, diabetes accounts for 69% of new cases of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), defined as kidney failure treated with dialysis or transplantation. During 1982-1996, diabetes-related ESRD (ESRD-D) in AI/AN increased substantially and disproportionately compared with other racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: Data from the U...
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076246/care-coordination-and-population-management-services-are-more-prevalent-in-large-practices-and-patient-centered-medical-homes
#2
Miranda Moore, Lars Peterson, Megan Coffman, Yalda Jabbarpour
Despite efforts to better coordinate health care and improve population health, primary care practices may face difficulty dedicating an individual to provide these services. Using data from the American Board of Family Medicine, we found that the presence of care coordinators or population health managers was higher in larger practices and those with patient-centered medical home certification.
November 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067741/hypertensive-medications-in-competitive-athletes
#3
Henry Pelto
Hypertension is the most common cardiovascular disease in athletes. It is an important cause of long-term morbidity and mortality, even in a fit, athletic population. Management options to reduce these long-term risks exist that have minimal impact on athletic performance. Identification and management of underlying lifestyle factors and diseases that may lead to secondary hypertension is critical. These include substance abuse, medications, and underlying medical conditions. After evaluation and management of these issues, medications can be used to reduce blood pressure...
January 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039952/incorporating-larval-dispersal-into-mpa-design-for-both-conservation-and-fisheries
#4
Nils C Krueck, Gabby N Ahmadia, Alison Green, Geoffrey P Jones, Hugh P Possingham, Cynthia Riginos, Eric A Treml, Peter J Mumby
Larval dispersal by ocean currents is a critical component of systematic marine protected area (MPA) design. However, there is a lack of quantitative methods to incorporate larval dispersal in support of increasingly diverse management objectives, including local population persistence under multiple types of threats (primarily focused on larval retention within and dispersal between protected locations) and benefits to unprotected populations and fisheries (primarily focused on larval export from protected locations to fishing grounds)...
December 31, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018027/low-incidence-of-inbreeding-in-a-long-lived-primate-population-isolated-for-75%C3%A2-years
#5
Anja Widdig, Laura Muniz, Mirjam Minkner, Yvonne Barth, Stefanie Bley, Angelina Ruiz-Lambides, Olaf Junge, Roger Mundry, Lars Kulik
ABSTRACT: When close relatives mate, offspring are expected to suffer fitness consequences due to inbreeding depression. Inbreeding has previously been quantified in two ways: using a sufficiently large panel of markers or deep and complete pedigrees over several generations. However, the application of both approaches is still limited by the challenge of compiling such data for species with long generation times, such as primates. Here, we assess inbreeding in rhesus macaques living on Cayo Santiago (Puerto Rico), a population genetically isolated since 1938, but descendant of a large set of presumably unrelated founders...
2017: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007836/single-locus-maintains-large-variation-of-sex-reversal-in-half-smooth-tongue-sole-cynoglossus-semilaevis
#6
Li Jiang, Hengde Li
Sex determination is a fundamental biological process for individual sex development and population sex ratios. However, for some species, the primary sex might be altered during development, and individuals can develop into the opposite sex. Sex reversal may happenin insects, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes. In half-smooth tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis), some genetically female fish irreversibly reverse to pseudo-males, resulting in higher costs in aquaculture owing to a lower growth rate of male fish during a two-year growth period...
December 22, 2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007580/revisiting-the-logistic-map-a-closer-look-at-the-dynamics-of-a-classic-chaotic-population-model-with-ecologically-realistic-spatial-structure-and-dispersal
#7
Laura S Storch, James M Pringle, Karen E Alexander, David O Jones
There is an ongoing debate about the applicability of chaotic and nonlinear models to ecological systems. Initial introduction of chaotic population models to the ecological literature was largely theoretical in nature and difficult to apply to real-world systems. Here, we build upon and expand prior work by performing an in-depth examination of the dynamical complexities of a spatially explicit chaotic population, within an ecologically applicable modeling framework. We pair a classic chaotic growth model (the logistic map) with explicit dispersal length scale and shape via a Gaussian dispersal kernel...
December 19, 2016: Theoretical Population Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999854/epidemiology-and-postoperative-outcomes-of-atypical-femoral-fractures-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#8
K S F Khow, P Shibu, S C Y Yu, M J Chehade, R Visvanathan
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on epidemiology and postoperative outcomes particularly surgical, functional and quality of life of atypical femoral fractures (AFFs) in the older population (aged ≥65 years) using the first and second American Society of Bone Mineral Research (ASBMR) Task Force consensus definition. METHODS: Electronic search for articles on AFFs and bisphosphonates published in English was performed. Eligible studies were reviewed systematically in relation to (a) the epidemiology of AFFs in older people and (b) postoperative outcomes of AFFs...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989619/determinants-of-treatment-eligibility-in-veterans-with-hepatitis-c-viral-infection
#9
Janice Taylor, Sian Carr-Lopez, Amy Robinson, Robert Malmstrom, Karsten Duncan, Archana Maniar, A C Del Re, Jannet M Carmichael
PURPOSES: The objective of this study was to determine the percentage of veterans with active hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection who were deemed to be candidates for treatment and to identify factors associated with treatment ineligibility. METHODS: This was a multisite, retrospective cohort analysis of veterans with HCV infection within the Veteran Integrated Service Network 21. Patients evaluated between August and November 2015 who were viremic and not receiving HCV treatment were included in the analysis...
December 15, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936048/linear-in-the-parameters-oblique-least-squares-lols-provides-more-accurate-estimates-of-density-dependent-survival
#10
Vasco M N C S Vieira, Aschwin H Engelen, Oscar R Huanel, Marie-Laure Guillemin
Survival is a fundamental demographic component and the importance of its accurate estimation goes beyond the traditional estimation of life expectancy. The evolutionary stability of isomorphic biphasic life-cycles and the occurrence of its different ploidy phases at uneven abundances are hypothesized to be driven by differences in survival rates between haploids and diploids. We monitored Gracilaria chilensis, a commercially exploited red alga with an isomorphic biphasic life-cycle, having found density-dependent survival with competition and Allee effects...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931930/urban-dogs-in-rural-areas-human-mediated-movement-defines-dog-populations-in-southern-chile
#11
Federico J Villatoro, Maximiliano A Sepúlveda, Paulina Stowhas, Eduardo A Silva-Rodríguez
Management strategies for dog populations and their diseases include reproductive control, euthanasia and vaccination, among others. However, the effectiveness of these strategies can be severely affected by human-mediated dog movement. If immigration is important, then the location of origin of dogs imported by humans will be fundamental to define the spatial scales over which population management and research should apply. In this context, the main objective of our study was to determine the spatial extent of dog demographic processes in rural areas and the proportion of dogs that could be labeled as immigrants at multiple spatial scales...
December 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872036/challenges-and-opportunities-of-big-data-in-health-care-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Clemens Scott Kruse, Rishi Goswamy, Yesha Raval, Sarah Marawi
BACKGROUND: Big data analytics offers promise in many business sectors, and health care is looking at big data to provide answers to many age-related issues, particularly dementia and chronic disease management. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to summarize the challenges faced by big data analytics and the opportunities that big data opens in health care. METHODS: A total of 3 searches were performed for publications between January 1, 2010 and January 1, 2016 (PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Google Scholar), and an assessment was made on content germane to big data in health care...
November 21, 2016: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823613/understanding-population-health-through-diabetes-population-management
#13
REVIEW
Joanna Mitri, Robert Gabbay
A chronic and progressive illness, diabetes requires early diagnosis, effective coordination of care, and self-management to stem its progression. Population health management strategies hold promise to improve outcomes by focusing on reducing the frequency of acute and chronic complications of chronic disease, lowering the cost per service through an integrated care delivery team approach, and promoting patient engagement. This will ultimately result in a better patient experience. The chronic care model targets fragmentation of our health care delivery system and provides a framework for effective care of diabetes and other chronic diseases...
December 2016: Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755739/inferring-invasive-species-abundance-using-removal-data-from-management-actions
#14
Amy J Davis, Mevin B Hooten, Ryan S Miller, Matthew L Farnsworth, Jesse Lewis, Michael Moxcey, Kim M Pepin
Evaluation of the progress of management programs for invasive species is crucial for demonstrating impacts to stakeholders and strategic planning of resource allocation. Estimates of abundance before and after management activities can serve as a useful metric of population management programs. However, many methods of estimating population size are too labor intensive and costly to implement, posing restrictive levels of burden on operational programs. Removal models are a reliable method for estimating abundance before and after management using data from the removal activities exclusively, thus requiring no work in addition to management...
October 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752704/characterisation-and-outcomes-of-adult-patients-with-paracetamol-overdose-presenting-to-a-tertiary-hospital-in-singapore
#15
Christina Jiun-Yu Tan, Grant E Sklar
INTRODUCTION: Paracetamol is the most common pharmaceutical agent implicated in toxic exposure in Singapore. This study aimed to describe the characteristics of paracetamol overdose in the adult population managed at a tertiary healthcare facility in Singapore. METHODS: Medical records of adult patients hospitalised with a diagnosis of paracetamol overdose at National University Hospital, Singapore, over a three-year period from January 2011 to December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
October 18, 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744128/assessing-occurrence-of-hypoglycemia-and-its-severity-from-electronic-health-records-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Anthony P Nunes, Jing Yang, Larry Radican, Samuel S Engel, Karen Kurtyka, Kaan Tunceli, Shengsheng Yu, Kristy Iglay, Michael C Doherty, David D Dore
AIMS: Accurate measures of hypoglycemia within electronic health records (EHR) can facilitate clinical population management and research. We quantify the occurrence of serious and mild-to-moderate hypoglycemia in a large EHR database in the US, comparing estimates based only on structured data to those from structured data and natural language processing (NLP) of clinical notes. METHODS: This cohort study included patients with type 2 diabetes identified from January 2009 through March 2014...
November 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729028/transcriptome-profiling-of-diachasmimorpha-longicaudata-towards-useful-molecular-tools-for-population-management
#17
M Constanza Mannino, Máximo Rivarola, Alejandra C Scannapieco, Sergio González, Marisa Farber, Jorge L Cladera, Silvia B Lanzavecchia
BACKGROUND: Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) is a solitary parasitoid of Tephritidae (Diptera) fruit flies of economic importance currently being mass-reared in bio-factories and successfully used worldwide. A peculiar biological aspect of Hymenoptera is its haplo-diploid life cycle, where females (diploid) develop from fertilized eggs and males (haploid) from unfertilized eggs. Diploid males were described in many species and recently evidenced in D. longicaudata by mean of inbreeding studies...
October 12, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714431/augmentative-biocontrol-when-natural-enemies-are-subject-to-allee-effects
#18
Nicolas Bajeux, Frédéric Grognard, Ludovic Mailleret
Intraspecific interactions such as Allee effects are key properties that can guide population management. This contribution considers component Allee effects that are elementary mechanisms leading to declines of fitness at the population scale, i.e. demographic Allee effects. It especially focuses on the consequences of such properties in predator populations, and investigates their repercussions in a biological control context. A modelling framework able to account for reproductive and/or foraging component Allee effects is proposed...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712822/facial-nerve-rehabilitation
#19
REVIEW
Lisa E Ishii
Facial nerve paralysis, although uncommon in the pediatric population, occurs from several causes, including congenital deformities, infection, trauma, and neoplasms. Similar to the adult population, management of facial nerve disorders in children includes treatment for eye exposure, nasal obstruction/deviation, smile asymmetry, drooling, lack of labial function, and synkinesis. Free tissue transfer dynamic restoration is the preferred method for smile restoration in this population, with outcomes exceeding those of similar procedures in adults...
November 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707771/characterization-of-11-polymorphic-microsatellite-markers-for-black-drummer-girella-elevata-developed-using-454-next-generation-sequencing
#20
Russell A McWilliam, Kye R Adams, Todd E Minchinton, David J Ayre
Black Drummer (Girella elevata) is a long-lived fish species that experiences considerable recreational fishing pressure, although managers lack a clear understanding of stock structure and dispersal patterns that are essential for the design, implementation, and administration of fisheries stock management. We used 454 sequencing to identify and develop 11 microsatellite primer pairs from 31 G. elevata All loci were found to be polymorphic, with the number of alleles detected ranging from 4 to 8 and observed heterozygosity ranging from 0...
2016: Journal of Heredity
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