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Leukotrienes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924706/analysis-of-inflammatory-markers-and-metals-in-nasal-lavage-fluid-of-welders
#1
Monika Raulf, Tobias Weiss, Anne Lotz, Martin Lehnert, Frank Hoffmeyer, Verena Liebers, Rainer Van Gelder, Heiko Udo Käfferlein, Andrea Hartwig, Beate Pesch, Thomas Brüning
Welding fumes may produce adverse health effects in the respiratory tract. To assess the relationship between exposure to welding fumes and inflammation in the upper airways, 190 male welders were examined from the WELDOX study (median age 40 yr, 54.7% smokers, and 32.9% atopics). Inhalable welding fumes were collected in the breathing zone of welders during a single shift. Chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni), manganese (Mn), and iron (Fe) were measured in the welding-fume samples and in postshift nasal lavage fluid (NALF)...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916361/oral-omega-3-fatty-acids-promote-resolution-in-chemical-peritonitis
#2
Alexander C Chacon, Brett E Phillips, Miranda A Chacon, Deborah Brunke-Reese, Shannon L Kelleher, David I Soybel
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that purified omega-3 fatty acids may attenuate acute inflammation and hasten the transition to healing. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that pretreatment with omega-3-rich fish oil (FO) would promote resolution of peritoneal inflammation through production of specific lipid mediators. METHODS: C57/BL6 mice were given a daily 200-μL oral gavage of saline (CTL) or FO (1.0-1.5 g/kg/d docosahexaenoic acid and 1.3-2.0 g/kg/d eicosapentaenoic acid) for 7 d before chemical peritonitis was induced with thioglycollate...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914516/leukotriene-b4-induces-emt-and-vimentin-expression-in-panc-1-pancreatic-cancer-cells-involvement-of-blt2-via-erk2-activation
#3
You Ri Kim, Mi Kyung Park, Gyeong Jin Kang, Hyun Ji Kim, Eun Ji Kim, Hyun Jung Byun, Moo-Yeol Lee, Chang Hoon Lee
Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) is a leukocyte chemoattractant and plays a major role controlling inflammatory responses including pancreatitis. LTB4 is known to be correlated with cancer progression. LTB4 induces keratin phosphorylation and reorganization by activating extracellular regulated kinase (ERK) in PANC-1 pancreatic cancer cell lines. However, the role of LTB4 in epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) and vimentin expression in pancreatic cancer cells is unknown. We examined whether LTB4 induces EMT and vimentin expression by Western blot, si-RNA, and RT-PCR...
December 2016: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914004/hybrid-receptor-bound-mm-gbsa-per-residue-energy-based-pharmacophore-modelling-enhanced-approach-for-identification-of-selective-lta4h-inhibitors-as-potential-anti-inflammatory-drugs
#4
Patrick Appiah-Kubi, Mahmoud Soliman
Leukotriene A4 hydrolase has been identified as an enzyme with dual anti- and pro-inflammatory role, thus, the conversion of leukotriene to leukotriene B4 in the initiation stage of inflammation and the removal of the chemotactic Pro-Gly-Pro tripeptide. These findings make leukotriene A4 hydrolase an attractive drug target: suggesting an innovative approach towards the identification and design of novel class of compounds that can selectively inhibit leukotriene B4 synthesis while sparing the aminopeptidase activity...
December 2, 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913298/a-novel-monoclonal-antibody-suitable-for-the-detection-of-leukotriene-b4
#5
Steffi Lütkecosmann, Axel Warsinke, Winfried Tschöpe, Rüdiger Eichler, Katja Hanack
Leukotriene B4 as an inflammatory mediator is an important biomarker for different respiratory diseases like asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or cystic lung fibrosis. Therefore the detection of LTB4 is helpful in the diagnosis of these pulmonary diseases. However, until now its determination in exhaled breath condensates suffers from problems of accuracy. Reasons for that could be improper sample collection and preparation methods of condensates and the lack of consistently assay specificity and reproducibility of the used immunoassay detection system...
November 29, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909742/the-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-montelukast-a-cysteinyl-leukotriene-receptor-1-antagonist-against-estradiol-induced-nonbacterial-inflammation-in-the-rat-prostate
#6
Mahmoud M Said, Maarten C Bosland
There is no standard treatment of chronic nonbacterial prostatitis in humans. The current study was aimed to investigate the effect of montelukast, an antagonist of cysteinyl leukotriene receptor-1, against estrogen-induced, nonbacterial lateral lobe-specific prostate inflammation in rats. Male Wistar rats were randomized into five groups of six rats, including sham controls (group 1) and castrated rats (group 2), whereas nonbacterial prostatitis (NBP) was induced in groups 3-5 by castration followed by a daily subcutaneous injection of estradiol (0...
December 1, 2016: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908761/discovery-of-dual-positive-allosteric-modulators-pams-of-the-metabotropic-glutamate-2-receptor-and-cyslt1-antagonists-for-treating-migraine-headache
#7
Maria-Jesus Blanco, Dana R Benesh, James A Knobelsdorf, Albert Khilevich, Guillermo S Cortez, Fese Mokube, Thomas D Aicher, Todd M Groendyke, Fredrik P Marmsater, Tony P Tang, Kirk W Johnson, Amy Clemens-Smith, Mark A Muhlhauser, Steven Swanson, John Catlow, Renee Emkey, Michael P Johnson, Jeffrey M Schkeryantz
Pyridylmethylsulfonamide series were the first reported example of positive allosteric modulators (PAM) of the mGlu2 receptor. The hydroxyacetophenone scaffold is a second series of mGlu2 PAMs we have identified. This series of molecules are potent mGlu2 potentiators and possess significant CysLT1 (cysteinyl leukotriene receptor 1) antagonist activity, showing in vivo efficacy in a dural plasma protein extravasation (PPE) model of migraine. In this paper, we describe the dual SAR, pharmacokinetics and preclinical in vivo efficacy data for a tetrazole containing hydroxyacetophenone scaffold...
November 18, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895169/critical-role-of-ltb4-blt1-in-il-23-induced-synovial-inflammation-and-osteoclastogenesis-via-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#8
Laura Bouchareychas, Eva M Grössinger, Mincheol Kang, Hong Qiu, Iannis E Adamopoulos
IL-23 activates the synthesis and production of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) in myeloid cells, which modulate inflammatory arthritis. In this study we investigated the role of LTB4 and its receptor LTB4R1 (BLT1) in synovial inflammation and osteoclast differentiation. Specifically, we used IL-23 in vivo gene transfer to induce arthritis in mice and showed that elevated serum LTB4 and synovial expression of 5-lipoxygenase correlated with increased disease severity by histological evaluation and paw swelling compared with GFP gene transfer controls...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893808/common-polymorphisms-in-the-5-lipoxygenase-pathway-and-risk-of-incident-myocardial-infarction-a-danish-case-cohort-study
#9
Anders Gammelmark, Michael S Nielsen, Søren Lundbye-Christensen, Anne Tjønneland, Erik B Schmidt, Kim Overvad
BACKGROUND: The 5-lipoxygenase pathway (5-LOX) has been implicated in the development of cardiovascular disease and studies have suggested that genetic polymorphisms related to key enzymes in this pathway may confer risk of myocardial infarction (MI). This study investigated the association of pre-selected genetic polymorphisms in four candidate genes of 5-LOX (arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase and its activating protein (ALOX-5 and FLAP), leukotriene A4 hydroxylase (LTA4-H) and leukotriene C4 synthase (LTC4-S)) with incident MI...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888917/aspirin-exacerbated-respiratory-disease
#10
REVIEW
Evan S Walgama, Peter H Hwang
Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is characterized by the triad of asthma, sinonasal polyposis, and aspirin intolerance. The hallmark of the disease is baseline overproduction of cysteinyl leukotrienes via the 5-lipoxygenase pathway, exacerbated by ingestion of aspirin. Patients with AERD have high rates of recidivistic polyposis following sinus surgery, although the improvement in quality of life following surgery is similar to aspirin-tolerant patients. The diagnosis is secured by a positive aspirin provocation test, usually administered by a medical allergist...
February 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888045/effects-of-tiotropium-on-lung-function-in-current-smokers-and-never-smokers-with-bronchial-asthma
#11
Makoto Yoshida, Yasuko Kaneko, Akiko Ishimatsu, Masashi Komori, Tomoaki Iwanaga, Hiromasa Inoue
The effects of tiotropium, an inhaled long-acting muscarinic antagonist, on lung function were investigated in current smokers and nonsmokers with asthma treated with inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) and other asthma controllers: inhaled long-acting β2 agonists, leukotriene receptor antagonists, and/or theophylline. We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of an inhaled single dose of tiotropium in 9 asthmatics currently smoking and 9 asthmatics who have never smoked in a crossover manner. Lung function was measured before and 1, 3, and 24 h after inhalation of 18 μg of tiotropium or a placebo...
November 22, 2016: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887602/combination-of-aspirin-with-essential-fatty-acids-is-superior-to-aspirin-alone-to-prevent-or-ameliorate-sepsis-or-ards
#12
EDITORIAL
Undurti N Das
It has been suggested that aspirin may be of benefit in treating sepsis and ARDS in view of its ability to block cyclo-oxygenase-1 (COX-1) and COX-2 activities; inhibit nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB); enhance the production of endothelial nitric oxide (eNO) and lipoxin A4 (LXA4). Our previous studies revealed that plasma phospholipid content of arachidonic acid (AA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is low in patients with sepsis. This implies that beneficial actions of aspirin in sepsis and ARDS is unlikely to be obtained in view of deficiency of AA and EPA, the precursors of LXA4 and resolvins respectively that are potent anti-inflammatory compounds and enhancers of eNO generation...
November 25, 2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885204/genetic-interactions-between-adrb2-and-ptger4-on-responses-to-salmeterol-or-montelukast-in-japanese-patients-with-mild-persistent-asthma
#13
Hideyasu Yamada, Hironori Masuko, Toshihide Inui, Jun Kanazawa, Yohei Yatagai, Tohru Sakamoto, Hiroaki Iijima, Satoshi Konno, Kaoruko Shimizu, Hironi Makita, Masaharu Nishimura, Fumio Kokubu, Takefumi Saito, Takeo Endo, Hiroki Ninomiya, Norihiro Kaneko, Nobuyuki Hizawa
BACKGROUND: Long-acting β2-agonists (LABA) and leukotriene receptor antagonists (LTRA) are two principal agents that can be added to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) for patients with asthma that is not adequately controlled by ICS alone. In our previous study, the Gly16Arg genotype of the β2-adrenergic receptor (ADRB2) gene did not influence the differential bronchodilator effect of salmeterol versus montelukast as an add-on therapy to ICS within 16 weeks of follow-up (the J-Blossom study)...
2016: Arerugī, [Allergy]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883201/effect-of-treatment-with-5-lipoxygenase-inhibitor-via-2291-atreleuton-on-coronary-plaque-progression-a-serial-ct-angiography-study
#14
Suguru Matsumoto, Reda Ibrahim, Jean C Grégoire, Philippe L L'Allier, Josephine Pressacco, Jean-Claude Tardif, Matthew J Budoff
BACKGROUND: Inflammation has a key role in the process of atherosclerosis. Production of leukotrienes by 5-lipoxygenase has been linked to atherosclerotic plaques and cardiovascular events. HYPOTHESIS: In this study, a selective 5-LO inhibitor will slow plaque progression using serial cardiac computed tomographic angiography (CCTA). METHODS: Patients with recent acute coronary syndrome (ACS) were prospectively assigned to one of 3 VIA-2291 doses (25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg) or placebo by oral administration...
November 24, 2016: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881485/visualization-of-ligand-induced-gi-protein-activation-in-chemotaxing-cells
#15
Kazuyuki Masuda, Jun-Ichi Kitakami, Tohru Kozasa, Tatsuhiko Kodama, Sigeo Ihara, Takao Hamakubo
Cell migration to chemoattractants is critically important in both normal physiology and the pathogenesis of many diseases. In GPCR-mediated chemotaxis, GPCRs transduce the gradient of an extracellular chemotactic ligand into intracellular responses via the activation of heterotrimeric G proteins. However, ligand-induced G protein activation has not been directly imaged as yet in mammalian chemotaxing cells. We developed a Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) probe (R10-Gi) by linking the Gi protein α subunit to the regulator of G protein signaling domain...
November 23, 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881050/pharmaceutical-rejuvenation-of-age-associated-decline-in-spatial-memory
#16
Andrew R Mendelsohn, James Larrick
Spatial memory and cognition decline during aging. Montelukast, an FDA approved drug for the treatment of asthma can restore spatial memory in old rats to levels similar to those of young animals. Treatment improves three hallmarks of aging in the brain: reducing microglial- mediated neuroinflammation, brain blood barrier permeability and increasing neurogenesis in the hippocampus although not completely to youthful levels.  Other aging-associated parameters, such as reduced synaptic density, are not affected, suggesting that anti-aging therapeutics may be further optimized...
November 23, 2016: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877134/modulation-of-the-activities-of-neuronal-ion-channels-by-fatty-acid-derived-pro-resolvents
#17
REVIEW
Geunyeol Choi, Sun Wook Hwang
Progress of inflammation depends on the balance between two biological mechanisms: pro-inflammatory and pro-resolving processes. Many extracellular and intracellular molecular components including cytokines, growth factors, steroids, neurotransmitters, and lipidergic mediators and their receptors contribute to the two processes, generated from cellular participants during inflammation. Fatty acid-derived mediators are crucial in directing the inflammatory phase and orchestrating heterogeneous reactions of participants such as inflamed cells, innate immune cells, vascular components, innervating neurons, etc...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874209/airway-eosinophil-migration-into-lymph-nodes-in-mice-depends-on-leukotriene-c4
#18
Hai-Bin Wang, Praveen Akuthota, Yoshihide Kanaoka, Peter F Weller
BACKGROUND: We previously demonstrated in mice that airway eosinophils traffic from the airway lumen into lung-draining paratracheal lymph nodes. However, mechanisms whereby eosinophils traverse from the lungs and home to paratracheal lymph nodes remain unclear. We investigated roles of cysteinyl leukotrienes in mediating eosinophil trafficking from lungs to paratracheal lymph nodes. METHODS: The expression of CCR7 was determined by flow cytometry. Transwell assays were used to test chemotactic responses of leukotriene C4 synthase-deficient and control airway eosinophils to the chemokine CCL19 ex vivo...
November 22, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867684/eosinophilic-gastroenteritis-approach-to-diagnosis-and-management
#19
REVIEW
Antoine Abou Rached, Weam El Hajj
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) is a rare and benign inflammatory disorder that predominantly affects the stomach and the small intestine. The disease is divided into three subtypes (mucosal, muscular and serosal) according to klein's classification, and its manifestations are protean, depending on the involved intestinal segments and layers. Hence, accurate diagnosis of EGE poses a significant challenge to clinicians, with evidence of the following three criteria required: Suspicious clinical symptoms, histologic evidence of eosinophilic infiltration in the bowel and exclusion of other pathologies with similar findings...
November 6, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863551/in-vitro-cow-uterine-response-to-escherichia-coli-leukotrienes-and-cytokines
#20
A J Korzekwa, M Łupicka, B M- Socha, A A Szczepańska, E Piotrowicz, W Barański
The aim was to determine the dynamic profile of interactions between Escherichia coli (E. coli) and the actions of leukotrienes (LTs) and TNF and INFγ (cytokines) in the uterus in vitro. Uterine explants (N=6) were incubated for 2, 12 and 24h either as E. coli-treated (10(6)CFU) or non-treated and/or with: LTB4 and C4 (10(-6)M, for both LTs), LTs receptors antagonists (aLTR; 10(-6)M) and/or cytokines (each 10ng/ml). Toll Like Receptor 4 (TLR4) mRNA expression increased in explants incubated with E. coli, cytokines and LTs after 2 and 12h and aLTR inhibited the effect of LTs in explants incubated with E...
December 2016: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
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