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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334411/first-report-of-mating-disruption-with-an-aggregation-pheromone-a-case-study-with-tetropium-fuscum-coleoptera-cerambycidae
#1
Jon Sweeney, Peter J Silk, Marc Rhainds, Wayne MacKay, Cory Hughes, Kate Van Rooyen, Wayne MacKinnon, Gaetan Leclair, Steve Holmes, Edward G Kettela
Tetropium fuscum (F.), native to Europe and established in Nova Scotia, Canada, since at least 1990, is considered a low-to-moderate threat to spruce (Picea spp.) forests in North America and regulated as a quarantine pest by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency. We tested broadcast applications of the aggregation pheromone racemic (5E)-6,10-dimethyl-5,9-undecadien-2-ol (fuscumol), formulated at 10% concentration in Hercon Bio-Flakes (Hercon International, Emigsville, PA), for efficacy in disrupting T. fuscum mating and suppressing populations...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302637/protocol-for-determining-primary-healthcare-practice-characteristics-models-of-practice-and-patient-accessibility-using-an-exploratory-census-survey-with-linkage-to-administrative-data-in-nova-scotia-canada
#2
Emily Gard Marshall, Richard J Gibson, Beverley Lawson, Frederick Burge
INTRODUCTION: There is little evidence on how primary care providers (PCPs) model their practices in Nova Scotia (NS), Canada, what services they offer or what accessibility is like for the average patient. This study will create a database of all family physicians and primary healthcare nurse practitioners in NS, including information about accessibility and the model of care in which they practice, and will link the survey data to administrative health databases. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: 3 census surveys of all family physicians, primary care nurse practitioners (ie, PCPs) and their practices in NS will be conducted...
March 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274683/gestational-weight-gain-and-interpregnancy-weight-change-in-adolescent-mothers
#3
Emily Whelan, B Anthony Armson, Jillian Ashley-Martin, Kayla MacSween, Christy Woolcott
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between gestational weight gain (GWG) and interpregnancy weight change (IPWC) in adolescent mothers (<20 years), and to determine if this association differed from adult women (20-35 years). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: and Participants: 3,055 adolescents and 17,090 adult women with singleton pregnancies recorded in the Nova Scotia Atlee Perinatal Database with a subsequent pregnancy occurring between 2003-2014...
March 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274260/the-combined-impact-of-diet-physical-activity-sleep-and-screen-time-on-academic-achievement-a-prospective-study-of-elementary-school-students-in-nova-scotia-canada
#4
Erin L Faught, John P Ekwaru, Douglas Gleddie, Kate E Storey, Mark Asbridge, Paul J Veugelers
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the independent associations of lifestyle behaviors (diet, physical activity, sleep, and screen time) and body weight status with academic achievement. Even fewer have investigated the combined effect of these behaviors on academic achievement. We hypothesize that the combined effect of these behaviors will have a higher impact on academic achievement than any behavior alone, or that of body weight status. METHODS: In 2011, 4253 grade 5 (10-11 years old) students and their parents were surveyed about the child's diet, physical activity, screen time and sleep...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249174/reduced-severity-of-histopathological-lesions-in-mink-selected-for-tolerance-to-aleutian-mink-disease-virus-infection
#5
A Hossain Farid, Linda E Ferns
The objective of this study was to measure the effect of selection for tolerance on the severity of the Aleutian disease (AD) lesions in mink. Sensitivity and specificity of antibody detection in the blood by counter-immunoelectrophoresis (CIEP) relative to the presence of Aleutian mink disease virus (AMDV) in the spleen by PCR in naturally infected farmed mink were also estimated. Carcasses of 680 sero-positive (CIEP-P) black mink from 28 farms in Nova Scotia, Canada, and from 132 sero-negative (CIEP-N) mink from 14 of these farms were collected at pelting time...
February 16, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242280/the-atlantic-blue-crab-callinectes-sapidus-in-southern-european-coastal-waters-distribution-impact-and-prospective-invasion-management-strategies
#6
REVIEW
Giorgio Mancinelli, Paula Chainho, Lucrezia Cilenti, Silvia Falco, Kostas Kapiris, George Katselis, Filipe Ribeiro
The native distribution of the blue crab Callinectes sapidus in the western Atlantic extends from Nova Scotia to Argentina. Introduced to Europe at the beginning of the 20th century, it is currently recorded almost ubiquitously in the Mediterranean and in the Black Sea. An overview of the occurrence, abundance, and ecological impact of the species in southern European waters is provided; additionally, we present a pragmatic assessment of its management scenarios, explicitly considering the dual nature of C...
February 24, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224097/understanding-academic-clinicians-intent-to-treat-pediatric-obesity
#7
Claudia Frankfurter, Charles Cunningham, Katherine M Morrison, Heather Rimas, Karen Bailey
AIM: To examine the extent to which the theory of planned behavior (TPB) predicts academic clinicians' intent to treat pediatric obesity. METHODS: A multi-disciplinary panel iteratively devised a Likert scale survey based on the constructs of the TPB applied to a set of pediatric obesity themes. A cross-sectional electronic survey was then administered to academic clinicians at tertiary care centers across Canada from January to April 2012. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize demographic and item agreement data...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216686/epidemiological-study-of-dogs-with-otitis-externa-in-cape-breton-nova-scotia
#8
Laura R Perry, Bernard MacLennan, Rebecca Korven, Timothy A Rawlings
From May 2008 to December 2013, 320 cases of otitis externa were diagnosed among 2012 dogs undergoing routine physical examinations at Celtic Creatures Veterinary Clinic, Sydney River, Nova Scotia for a diagnosis frequency of 15.9% [95% confidence interval (CI): 14.3% to 17.6%]. Twenty-four percent of these dogs exhibited 1 or multiple recurrences despite initial treatment with topical antimicrobial/anti-inflammatory solutions. The frequency of diagnosis was significantly higher in breeds with pendulous ears, but was not affected by ear hairiness...
February 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207782/incorporating-interspecific-competition-into-species-distribution-mapping-by-upward-scaling-of-small-scale-model-projections-to-the-landscape
#9
Mark Baah-Acheamfour, Charles P-A Bourque, Fan-Rui Meng, D Edwin Swift
There are a number of overarching questions and debate in the scientific community concerning the importance of biotic interactions in species distribution models at large spatial scales. In this paper, we present a framework for revising the potential distribution of tree species native to the Western Ecoregion of Nova Scotia, Canada, by integrating the long-term effects of interspecific competition into an existing abiotic-factor-based definition of potential species distribution (PSD). The PSD model is developed by combining spatially explicit data of individualistic species' response to normalized incident photosynthetically active radiation, soil water content, and growing degree days...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188606/costs-of-productivity-loss-due-to-occupational-cancer-in-canada-estimation-using-claims-data-from-workers-compensation-boards
#10
W Dominika Wranik, Adam Muir, Min Hu
INTRODUCTION: Cancer is a leading cause of illness globally, yet our understanding of the financial implications of cancer caused by working conditions and environments is limited. The goal of this study is to estimate the costs of productivity losses due to occupational cancer in Canada, and to evaluate the factors associated with these costs. METHODS: Two sources of data are used: (i) Individual level administrative claims data from the Workers Compensation Board of Nova Scotia; and (ii) provincial aggregated cancer claims statistics from the Association of Workers Compensation Boards of Canada...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186715/adoption-of-the-nova-scotia-canada-community-pharmacy-medication-management-program-1-year-post-initiation
#11
Heidi J Deal, Charmaine A Cooke, Ethel M Langille Ingram, Ingrid S Sketris
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists conduct medication reviews to optimize drug therapy. Each jurisdiction implements and funds these programs differently. OBJECTIVE: To describe the uptake of the first year of a community pharmacy medication review program reimbursed by the publically insured seniors' drug benefit program in Nova Scotia, Canada. METHODS: This retrospective analysis included 294 pharmacies and 105,000 beneficiaries enrolled in the Nova Scotia Seniors' Pharmacare Program...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182723/antibody-responses-to-borrelia-burgdorferi-detected-by-western-blot-vary-geographically-in-canada
#12
Nicholas H Ogden, Julie Arsenault, Todd F Hatchette, Samir Mechai, L Robbin Lindsay
Lyme disease is emerging in eastern and central Canada, and most cases are diagnosed using the two-tier serological test (Enzyme Immuno Assay [EIA] followed by Western blot [WB]). Simplification of this algorithm would be advantageous unless it impacts test performance. In this study, accuracy of individual proteins of the IgG WB algorithm in predicting the overall test result in samples from Canadians was assessed. Because Borrelia burgdorferi strains vary geographically in Canada, geographic variations in serological responses were also explored...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177803/a-survey-of-the-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-sable-island-horses
#13
Mary E Timonin, Jocelyn Poissant, Philip D McLoughlin, Cherise E Hedlin, Joseph E Rubin
The feral horses of Sable Island are a geographically isolated population located ~160 km off the east coast of Nova Scotia, Canada. Because these horses have no contact with domestic animals, minimal contact with people and have never received antimicrobials, they offer a unique opportunity to study the dissemination of antimicrobial resistance in unmanaged populations. As part of an ongoing multi-disciplinary and individual-based monitoring program, we collected feces from 508 geolocalized horses (92 % of the total population) between July and September 2014...
November 7, 2016: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168987/injury-severity-in-pediatric-all-terrain-vehicle-related-trauma-in-nova-scotia
#14
Samuel Jessula, Nadia Murphy, Natalie L Yanchar
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: In 2004-2005, legislation restricting all-terrain vehicle (ATV) use by children and an extensive social marketing campaign intended to reduce pediatric ATV-related morbidity. The frequency, nature, and severity of pediatric ATV-associated trauma were compared before and after such interventions. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed for all pediatric ATV-related injuries that presented to the provincial level 1 pediatric trauma center from 1998 to 2014...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152858/prostate-cancer-care-in-canada-informed-decision-making-patterns-of-care-and-treatment-trends
#15
Rami Rahal, Carolyn Sandoval, Geoff Porter, Sharon Fung, Cheryl Louzado, Julie Xu, Heather E Bryant
289 Background: Because treatment options for localized prostate cancer (PCa) have similar survival outcomes but varying side effects, it is important that patients are meaningfully involved in the decision-making process to ensure the chosen treatment aligns with their needs, wants and preferences. Here, we describe PCa patients' experience with informed decision-making as well as treatment patterns and trends over time. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted with 47 men treated for PCa across Canada to understand their cancer journey experience...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151098/-you-feel-you-have-to-be-made-of-steel-the-strong-black-woman-health-and-well-being-in-nova-scotia
#16
Josephine B Etowa, Brenda L Beagan, Felicia Eghan, Wanda Thomas Bernard
The "strong Black woman" construct has been well-documented in the United States as both an aspirational icon and a constricting burden for African-heritage women. It has not been examined among African-Canadians. Drawing on qualitative interviews and standardized measures with 50 African-heritage women in Eastern Canada, our analysis reveals their perceptions of the construct as both strongly endorsed as a source of cultural pride, yet also acknowledged to take a terrible toll on health and well-being. The construct arises from and directly benefits racism...
April 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149709/evaluation-of-a-health-promoting-schools-program-in-a-school-board-in-nova-scotia-canada
#17
Jessie-Lee D McIsaac, Tarra L Penney, Nicole Ata, Lori Munro-Sigfridson, Jane Cunningham, Paul J Veugelers, Kate Storey, Arto Ohinmaa, Sara F L Kirk, Stefan Kuhle
A Health promoting schools (HPS) approach aims to make schools a healthy place through a holistic approach that promotes a supportive 'school ethos' and emphasizes improvements in physical, social, and emotional well-being and educational outcomes. A HPS initiative in rural Nova Scotia (Canada) provided an opportunity for a population-level natural experiment. This study investigated student well-being and health behaviours between schools with and without HPS implementation and schools with high and low school ethos scores...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142036/handling-missing-mini-mental-state-examination-mmse-values-results-from-a-cross-sectional-long-term-care-study
#18
Judith Godin, Janice Keefe, Melissa K Andrew
BACKGROUND: Missing values are commonly encountered on the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), particularly when administered to frail older people. This presents challenges for MMSE scoring in research settings. We sought to describe missingness in MMSEs administered in long-term-care facilities (LTCF) and to compare and contrast approaches to dealing with missing items. METHODS: As part of the Care and Construction project in Nova Scotia, Canada, LTCF residents completed an MMSE...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110802/primary-prevention-of-sudden-cardiac-death-with-device-therapy-in-urban-and-rural-populations
#19
Ratika Parkash, Howard Wightman, Graham Miles, John L Sapp, Martin Gardner, Chris Gray, Brenda Brownell, Karen Giddens, Miroslaw Rajda
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have shown benefit in reducing mortality in patients with heart failure, after myocardial infarction, and those with reduced ejection fraction. We sought to explore the use of this therapy in specialized heart function clinics, in rural and urban locations. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study performed in 3 specialized heart function clinics in Nova Scotia, 2 of which were in rural locations. All patients with an initial left ventricular ejection fraction ≤ 35% were included from 2006 to 2011...
January 7, 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088034/an-evaluation-of-nova-scotia-s-alcohol-ignition-interlock-program
#20
Ward G M Vanlaar, Marisela Mainegra Hing, Robyn D Robertson
Alcohol ignition interlock programs for offenders aim to reduce recidivism among convicted drink drivers. This study presents an evaluation of Nova Scotia's interlock program implemented in 2008 in order to assess its effectiveness to reduce impaired driving and to help identify areas for improvement. Data used include conviction and crash records of individual participants; provincial monthly counts of alcohol-related charges, convictions and fatal and serious crashes; and interlock logged events. Methods used include descriptive statistics, survival analysis, time series and logistic regression analysis...
March 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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