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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724457/the-association-between-food-insecurity-and-academic-achievement-in-canadian-school-aged-children
#1
Erin L Faught, Patty L Williams, Noreen D Willows, Mark Asbridge, Paul J Veugelers
OBJECTIVE: Education is a crucial social determinant of health. Food insecurity can be detrimental to children's academic achievement, potentially perpetuating a cycle of poverty and food insecurity. We aimed to assess the relationship between food insecurity and academic achievement in Canadian school-aged children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of children and parents. Parents completed the short-form Household Food Security Survey Module and questions about income and education level (socio-economic status)...
July 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722771/navigating-and-negotiating-information-and-support-experiences-of-first-time-mothers
#2
Megan Aston, Sheri Price, Joelle Monaghan, Meaghan Sim, Andrea Hunter, Victoria Little
AIM: To examine how first time mothers in Nova Scotia (NS) identified and prioritized their own postpartum needs and where they went for information and support, inclusive of informal or formal programs and services, social media, family and friends. BACKGROUND: The early postpartum period is an exciting, yet stressful life experience for first time mothers. Mothers have often turned to families, friends and health care professionals for support and information; however, these social networks look differently today due to changes in institutional policies and postpartum health care practices, as well as the emergence of online resources and networks...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712086/pilot-study-investigating-ambient-air-toxics-emissions-near-a-canadian-kraft-pulp-and-paper-facility-in-pictou-county-nova-scotia
#3
Emma Hoffman, Judith R Guernsey, Tony R Walker, Jong Sung Kim, Kate Sherren, Pantelis Andreou
Air toxics are airborne pollutants known or suspected to cause cancer or other serious health effects, including certain volatile organic compounds (VOCs), prioritized by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). While several EPA-designated air toxics are monitored at a subset of Canadian National Air Pollution Surveillance (NAPS) sites, Canada has no specific "air toxics" control priorities. Although pulp and paper (P&P) mills are major industrial emitters of air pollutants, few studies quantified the spectrum of air quality exposures...
July 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710898/projected-climate-changes-threaten-ancient-refugia-of-kelp-forests-in-the-north-atlantic
#4
Jorge Assis, Miguel B Araújo, Ester A Serrão
Intra-specific genetic variability is critical for species adaptation and evolution and yet it is generally overlooked in projections of the biological consequences of climate change. We ask whether ongoing climate changes can cause the loss of important gene pools from North Atlantic relict kelp forests that persisted over glacial-interglacial cycles. We use ecological niche modeling to predict genetic diversity hotspots for eight species of large brown algae with different thermal tolerances (Arctic to warm-temperate), estimated as regions of persistence throughout the Last Glacial Maximum (20,000 YBP), the warmer Mid-Holocene (6,000 YBP) and the present...
July 15, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703089/a-traumatic-tale-of-two-cities-a-comparison-of-outcomes-for-adults-with-major-trauma-who-present-to-differing-trauma-centres-in-neighbouring-canadian-provinces
#5
Jefferson Hayre, Colin Rouse, James French, Jacqueline Fraser, Ian Watson, Sue Benjamin, Allison Chisholm, George Stoica, Beth Sealy, Mete Erdogan, Robert Green, Paul Atkinson
OBJECTIVES: While the use of formal trauma teams is widely promoted, the literature is not clear that this structure provides improved outcomes over emergency physician delivered trauma care. The goal of this investigation was to examine if a trauma team model with a formalized, specialty-based trauma team, with specific activation criteria and staff composition, performs differently than an emergency physician delivered model. Our primary outcome was survival to discharge or 30 days...
July 13, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702949/genetic-analysis-of-optic-nerve-head-coloboma-in-the-nova-scotia-duck-tolling-retriever-identifies-discordance-with-the-nhej1-intronic-deletion-collie-eye-anomaly-mutation
#6
Emily A Brown, Sara M Thomasy, Christopher J Murphy, Danika L Bannasch
Collie eye anomaly (CEA) encompasses a spectrum of different ophthalmic phenotypes from clinically inconsequential choroidal hypoplasia to blindness from coloboma of the optic nerve head (ONH). A previous study found a 7.8-kb deletion in intron 4 of the NHEJ1 gene to be associated with CEA. A genetic test based on this association is recommended for many breeds, including the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever (NSDTR). Collection of ONH coloboma-affected NSDTR showed lack of concordance of the NHEJ1 intronic deletion with ONH coloboma...
July 12, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698181/risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infection-following-cesarean-delivery-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Felicia Ketcheson, Christy Woolcott, Victoria Allen, Joanne M Langley
BACKGROUND: The rate of cesarean delivery is increasing in North America. Surgical site infection following this operation can make it difficult to recover, care for a baby and return home. We aimed to determine the incidence of surgical site infection to 30 days following cesarean delivery, associated risk factors and whether risk factors differed for predischarge versus postdischarge infection. METHODS: We identified a retrospective cohort in Nova Scotia by linking the provincial perinatal database to hospital admissions and physician billings databases to follow women for 30 days after they had given birth by cesarean delivery between Jan...
July 11, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678376/using-preferred-attribute-elicitation-to-determine-how-males-and-females-evaluate-beer
#8
Elizabeth M Muggah, Matthew B McSweeney
The variety of beers available for consumption has increased due to the recent emergence of many craft brewing operations and it has been suggested that this is affecting how consumers evaluate beer. Currently, beer consumers are mostly male and only 20% of women are primarily beer drinkers. The main objective of this project is to compare and contrast descriptions of beer products created by males and females. The preferred attribute elicitation (PAE) method was used to create a description of 4 beers common to residents of Nova Scotia, Canada...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671543/quality-and-innovation-redesigning-a-coordinated-and-connected-health-system
#9
Peter W Vaughan
Nova Scotia's consolidated health system was launched on April 1, 2015. This new approach to organizing health administration and services in the province arose out of necessity. When planning began, Nova Scotia was spending 41% of its annual budget on health services. In comparison to other provinces and territories, our per capita health-related spending was among the highest in the country, we had one of Canada's oldest populations and we had some of the worst health outcomes. Clearly, we could not continue to do the same things and expect different results...
2017: HealthcarePapers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660795/barriers-to-primary-and-emergency-healthcare-for-trans-adults
#10
Ella Vermeir, Lois A Jackson, Emily Gard Marshall
Trans individuals are less healthy than the general population in part because of their avoidance and underutilisation of healthcare. Using qualitative research methods, the objective of this study was to explore the barriers trans adults encounter when pursuing primary and emergency care in Nova Scotia, Canada. Findings reveal that trans adults often feel discriminated against and socially excluded in primary and emergency care settings. This marginalisation is manifested in relationships with healthcare providers and within both the physical care and social care environments...
June 29, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631747/optimization-of-the-mean-arterial-pressure-and-timing-of-surgical-decompression-in-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-a-retrospective-study
#11
A Dakson, D Brandman, G Thibault-Halman, S D Christie
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective comparative study. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the extent to which early surgical decompression and maintenance of MAP ⩾85 mm Hg for 5 days postinjury affected neurological recovery utilizing internal controls for comparison of outcomes in patients with traumatic spinal cord injury. SETTING: Acute trauma center, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. METHODS: We identified 94 cases of traumatic SCI...
June 20, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626278/natural-stranding-of-atlantic-sturgeon-acipenser-oxyrinchus-mitchill-1815-in-scot-s-bay-bay-of-fundy-nova-scotia-from-populations-of-concern-in-the-united-states-and-canada
#12
N D Stewart, Y Cormier, L M Logan-Chesney, G Gibson, I Wirgin, M J Dadswell, M J W Stokesbury
Natural mortality of Atlantic sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrinchus) has been determined to be low (M = 0.07). Reported herein is the mortality by beach stranding of 11 Atlantic sturgeon in Scot's Bay, part of the inner Bay of Fundy in Nova Scotia, Canada on 22 June 2014. Genetic analyses, histological analysis and age determination were performed to determine origin, maturity stage and age of the stranded Atlantic sturgeon. Microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA analyses indicated that four of the Atlantic sturgeon (2 males and 2 females) were from the Saint John River, NB population, which was designated as threatened by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada...
June 2017: Zeitschrift Für Angewandte Ichthyologie, Journal of Applied Ichthyology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616934/temporal-trends-in-the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-diagnosed-adhd-in-children-and-young-adults-between-1999-and-2012-in-canada-a-data-linkage-study
#13
Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Fatoumata Binta Diallo, Louis Rochette, Mark Smith, Donald Langille, Elizabeth Lin, Steve Kisely, Eric Fombonne, Angus H Thompson, Johanne Renaud, Alain Lesage
OBJECTIVE: There is a need for the routine monitoring of treated attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) for timely policy making. The objective is to report and assess over a decade the prevalence and incidence of diagnosed ADHD in Canada. METHODS: Administrative linked patient data from the provinces of Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, and Nova Scotia were obtained from the same sources as the Canadian Chronic Diseases Surveillance Systems to assess the prevalence and incidence of a primary physician diagnosis of ADHD ( ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes: 314, F90...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612657/improving-care-for-advanced-copd-through-practice-change-experiences-of-participation-in-a-canadian-spread-collaborative
#14
Jennifer Y Verma, Claudia Amar, Shannon Sibbald, Graeme M Rocker
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of death, morbidity, and health-care spending. The Halifax, Nova Scotia-based INSPIRED COPD Outreach Program™ has proved highly beneficial for patients and the health-care system. With direct investment of <$1-million CAD, a pan-Canadian quality improvement collaborative (QIC) supported the spread of INSPIRED to 19 teams in the 10 Canadian provinces contingent upon participation in evaluation. The collaborative evaluation followed a mixed-methods summative approach relying on collated quantitative data, team documents, and surveys sent to core members of the 19 teams...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609971/what-is-i-pseudopotamilla-i-i-reniformis-i-sabellidae-comparisons-of-populations-from-britain-iceland-and-canada-with-comments-on-i-eudistylia-i-and-i-schizobranchia-i
#15
Phyllis Knight-Jones, Teresa Darbyshire, Mary E Petersen, María Ana Tovar-Hernández
A neotype of Amphitrite Müller (1771) is established and re-described, using material collected in 2001 from near the type locality on the southwest coast of Iceland. We examined material from Iceland, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland, identified as Pseudopotamilla reniformis, showing scissiparity and commonly found in aggregations within kelp holdfasts or amongst encrusting fauna. By contrast, scissiparity has not been seen in a population recorded as P. reniformis from Wales (broadcast spawning is presumed, Chughtai & Knight-Jones 1988), which bores into limestone and that the present analysis shows to belong to a different species from P...
April 12, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603678/unimodal-relationship-between-small-scale-barnacle-recruitment-and-the-density-of-pre-existing-barnacle-adults
#16
Ricardo A Scrosati, Julius A Ellrich
Recruitment is a key demographic process for population persistence. This paper focuses on barnacle (Semibalanus balanoides) recruitment. In rocky intertidal habitats from the Gulf of St. Lawrence coast of Nova Scotia (Canada), ice scour is common during the winter. At the onset of intertidal barnacle recruitment in early May (after sea ice has fully melted), mostly only adult barnacles and bare substrate are visible at high elevations in wave-exposed habitats. We conducted a multiannual study to investigate if small-scale barnacle recruitment could be predicted from the density of pre-existing adult barnacles...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599266/expansion-of-the-lyme-disease-vector-ixodes-scapularis-in-canada-inferred-from-cmip5-climate-projections
#17
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: A number of studies have assessed possible climate change impacts on the Lyme disease vector, Ixodes scapularis. However, most have used surface air temperature from only one climate model simulation and/or one emission scenario, representing only one possible climate future. OBJECTIVES: We quantified effects of different Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) and climate model outputs on the projected future changes in the basic reproduction number () of I...
May 31, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594479/does-the-number-of-pharmacies-a-patient-frequents-affect-adherence-to-statins
#18
Russell Christie, Ingrid Sketris, Pantalis Andreou, Anne Holbrook, Adrian Levy, Hala Tamim
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that medication adherence is affected by the number of pharmacies a patient frequents. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to estimate the strength of association between the number of pharmacies a patient frequents and adherence to statins. METHODS: Using administrative data from the Nova Scotia Seniors' Pharmacare program, a retrospective cohort study was conducted among subjects aged 65 years and older first dispensed statin between 1998 and 2008...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576137/characteristics-of-patients-receiving-midwife-led-prenatal-care-in-canada-results-from-the-maternity-experiences-survey-mes
#19
Peri Abdullah, Sabrina Gallant, Naseem Saghi, Alison Macpherson, Hala Tamim
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of women in Canada who received care from a midwife during their prenatal period. METHODS: The findings of this study were drawn from the Maternity Experiences Survey (MES), which was a cross-sectional survey that assessed the experiences of women who gave birth between November 2005 and May 2006. The main outcome variable for this study was the prenatal care provider (i.e. midwife versus other healthcare providers)...
June 2, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538645/increased-mortality-in-trauma-patients-who-develop-post-intubation-hypotension
#20
Robert S Green, Michael B Butler, Mete Erdogan
BACKGROUND: Post-intubation hypotension (PIH) is common and associated with poor outcomes in critically ill patient populations requiring emergency endotracheal intubation (ETI). The importance of PIH in the trauma population remains unclear. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of PIH in trauma patients and assess the association of PIH with patient outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective case series of adult (≥16 years) patients who were intubated on arrival at a tertiary trauma center in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada between 2000 and 2015...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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