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"History of medicine"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075182/dispersing-the-mists-an-experimental-history-of-medicine-study-into-the-quality-of-volatile-inhalations
#1
Barry Murnane, Cathal T Gallagher, Noel Snell, Mark Sanders, Ramin Moshksar, Darragh Murnane
BACKGROUND: Dr. Nelson's Improved Inhaler was first marketed with an advertisement in The Lancet in 1865. Revolutionary at the time for its ease of use and patient-friendliness, the inhaler is still in use for self-treatment by many all over the world. On the occasion of its 150th anniversary, this study reports an experimental historical medicine approach to identify evidence for the quality of vapor inhalers. METHODS: Through accessing reviews of the device's use by the contemporary medical establishment, it was established that Dr...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067829/the-cause-of-death-of-a-child-in-the-18th-century-solved-by-bone-microbiome-typing-using-laser-microdissection-and-next-generation-sequencing
#2
Valeria D'Argenio, Marielva Torino, Vincenza Precone, Giorgio Casaburi, Maria Valeria Esposito, Laura Iaffaldano, Umberto Malapelle, Giancarlo Troncone, Iolanda Coto, Paolina Cavalcanti, Gaetano De Rosa, Francesco Salvatore, Lucia Sacchetti
The history of medicine abounds in cases of mysterious deaths, especially by infectious diseases, which were probably unresolved because of the lack of knowledge and of appropriate technology. The aim of this study was to exploit contemporary technologies to try to identify the cause of death of a young boy who died from a putative "infection" at the end of the 18th century, and for whom an extraordinarily well-preserved minute bone fragment was available. After confirming the nature of the sample, we used laser microdissection to select the most "informative" area to be examined...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038488/-medical-elements-in-the-sacral-heritage-of-the-mo%C3%A5-%C3%A4-enice-region
#3
Robert Doričić, Ana Montan, Igor Eterović
Sacral heritage, religious practices and customs, and the ethnomedical heritage of the Mošćenice region have not had so far the attention of medico-historians, which represents the starting point of this paper. The research of the mentioned dimensions of medico-historical reality of Mošćenice and its surrounding area has been conducted on three levels. Starting with the usual methodology, sacral inventory of certain churches and chapels from the Mošćenice parish is analyzed from the perspective of the history of medicine...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038483/a-new-museum-within-the-croatian-academy-of-sciences-and-arts-and-the-first-of-its-kind-in-croatia-the-croatian-museum-of-medicine-and-pharmacy
#4
EDITORIAL
Silvija Brkić Midžić
One decade has passed since the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts initiated the foundation of the Croatian Museum of Medicine and Pharmacy, providing it with the location of 300m in Gundulićeva Street 24 in Zagreb. The foundation of the Museum was the Collection of the History of Medicine and Pharmacy which was in safekeeping of the Division for the History of Medical Sciences of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts in Zagreb for more than fifty years. It was put together by combining the materials from two collections: the pharmaceutical-historical collection in Zagreb, which subsequently became the collection of the Institute for the History of Pharmacy, and the one of the Croatian Medical History Museum, which was established in 1944 within the Croatian Medical Association...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998334/data-humanities-and-the-history-of-medicine-new-pedagogical-approaches
#5
Frederick W Gibbs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998329/teaching-and-researching-the-history-of-medicine-in-the-era-of-big-data-introduction
#6
Frederick W Gibbs, Jeffrey S Reznick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939420/mesembrine-alkaloids-review-of-their-occurrence-chemistry-and-pharmacology
#7
REVIEW
John L Krstenansky
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Mesembrine alkaloids are considered to be the primary active constituents of the South African medicinal plant Sceletium tortuosum (L.) N.E.Br. (Aizoaceae), and it is used as the dried or fermented aerial material from the plant, which is known as kanna (aka, channa, kougoed). Traditional regional use ranged from relieving thirst, mild analgesia, and alteration of mood. Current interest has focused primarily on the antidepressant action of preparations based on the plant and commercialization is expanding the recognition and availability of these preparations...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939314/17-th-century-variola-virus-reveals-the-recent-history-of-smallpox
#8
Ana T Duggan, Maria F Perdomo, Dario Piombino-Mascali, Stephanie Marciniak, Debi Poinar, Matthew V Emery, Jan P Buchmann, Sebastian Duchêne, Rimantas Jankauskas, Margaret Humphreys, G Brian Golding, John Southon, Alison Devault, Jean-Marie Rouillard, Jason W Sahl, Olivier Dutour, Klaus Hedman, Antti Sajantila, Geoffrey L Smith, Edward C Holmes, Hendrik N Poinar
Smallpox holds a unique position in the history of medicine. It was the first disease for which a vaccine was developed and remains the only human disease eradicated by vaccination. Although there have been claims of smallpox in Egypt, India, and China dating back millennia [1-4], the timescale of emergence of the causative agent, variola virus (VARV), and how it evolved in the context of increasingly widespread immunization, have proven controversial [4-9]. In particular, some molecular-clock-based studies have suggested that key events in VARV evolution only occurred during the last two centuries [4-6] and hence in apparent conflict with anecdotal historical reports, although it is difficult to distinguish smallpox from other pustular rashes by description alone...
December 19, 2016: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878212/obesity-paradox-obesity-orthodox-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-an-approach-to-unity
#9
Jesse Roth, Navneet Sahota, Priya Patel, Syed Faizan Mehdi, Mohammad Masum Wiese, Hafiz B Mahboob, Michelle Bravo, Daniel J Eden, Muhammad A Bashir, Amrat Kumar, Farah Alsaati, Irwin J Kurland, Wunnie Brima, Ann Danoff, Alessandra L Szulc, Valentin A Pavlov, Kevin J Tracey, Huan Yang
Obesity and the accompanying metabolic syndrome are strongly associated with heightened morbidity and mortality in older adults. In our review of more than 20 epidemiologic studies of major infectious diseases, including leaders such as tuberculosis, community-acquired pneumonia, and sepsis, obesity was associated with better outcomes. A cause-and-effect relationship between over-nutrition and survival with infection is suggested by results of two preliminary studies of infections in mice, where high fat feeding for 8-10 weeks provided much better outcomes...
November 16, 2016: Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852461/the-development-of-intensive-care-in-the-military-environment
#10
REVIEW
Matthew J Roberts
If the history of critical care is to be addressed, the starting point must be the fundamental and defining qualities of intensive care units. These are the concentration of the sickest patients in a defined area of the hospital, staffed by the personnel most able to care for them (by virtue of specialist training), and the application of the most advanced monitoring or therapeutic techniques available at the time. In the military environment, the ability to provide critical care to ill or injured servicemen has developed in tandem with the civilian experience, but the pressures of the austere environment of the battlefield have, at times, held back military medical services from providing the highest level of care that servicemen might deserve and, indeed, expect in civilian life...
October 2016: Journal of Anesthesia History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829652/pediatric-gastroenterology-in-cuba-evolution-and-challenges
#11
Carlos Castañeda-Guillot
INTRODUCTION The professional practice of pediatric gastroenterology arose in Cuba as an expression of the specialty's development internationally and Cuba's new strategies in public health, and in response to national needs for health care expertise in digestive diseases of infants, older children and adolescents. OBJECTIVES Describe the history of pediatric gastroenterology's development in Cuba since its inception at the National Gastroenterology Institute in the early 1970s, its contributions, and efforts to extend it to pediatric hospitals throughout Cuba...
October 2016: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822584/in-vivo-assessment-of-the-antimalarial-and-spleen-protective-activities-of-the-saudi-propolis-methanolic-extract
#12
Qwait AlGabbani, Lamjed Mansour, Yasser A Elnakady, Saleh Al-Quraishy, Suliman Alomar, Esam M Al-Shaebi, Abdel-Azeem S Abdel-Baki
Antimalarial drug resistance is the main therapeutic challenge to the control of the disease, making the search for new compounds as alternative treatments of central importance. Propolis has a long history of medicinal use due to its antifungal, antibacterial and antiprotozoal properties. The present study therefore aimed to evaluate the antimalarial activity of the Saudi propolis methanolic extract against Plasmodium chabaudi infection in mice. To this end, albino mice were divided into five groups: the first group was the normal control; the second, third, fourth and fifth groups were infected intraperitoneally with 10(6) P...
November 7, 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812646/one-year-after-the-zika-virus-outbreak-in-brazil-from-hypotheses-to-evidence
#13
REVIEW
Carlos Alexandre Antunes de Brito, Marli Tenorio Cordeiro
Zika virusis an arbovirus of the Flaviviridae family with two major strains, an Asian and an African strain. The main vectors involved in the transmission of Zika virus are the Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. Despite its identification, discovered in 1947 in the Zika forest in Uganda, only isolated and sporadic occurrences of human infection were reported within a largely asymptomatic proportion of individuals. The first reported outbreak occurred in 2007 in the Yap Island, which belongs to the Federated States of Micronesia in the Pacific Ocean, and in French Polynesia, where high attack rates occurred and the first cases of associated Guillain-Barré syndrome were reported...
September 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795457/american-association-for-the-history-of-medicine-report-of-the-eighty-ninth-annual-meeting
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795454/the-autobiographical-i-shoulder-i-of-ernest-amory-codman-crafting-medical-meaning-in-the-twentieth-century
#15
Caitjan Gainty
This essay offers a reconsideration of the historical significance of Ernest Amory Codman's autobiographical preface to his 1934 text The Shoulder, Rupture of the Supraspinatus Tendon and Other Lesions on or about the Subacromial Bursa and its reception, in its own time and at the end of the twentieth century. It concentrates on the aesthetics of identity and the ways in which these are woven into the political, professional, and cultural contexts of these two periods. It argues finally that Codman's style of life writing, both in the autobiography and throughout his texts, served as an important historical actor that more generally demonstrates the possibilities in approaching the history of medicine from aesthetic angles...
2016: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768212/foreword
#16
Pier Francesco Bassi
If we think about the launch date of Mitomycin C, we could think that this supplement is very much focused on history of Medicine, and, yes, Mitomycin certainly has been a main contributor to the history of Urology. However, it is even more striking to think that even after fifty years of its use by Urologists worlwide, Mitomycin C remains an absolute "Must". The simplicity of use, the efficacy and the tolerability of Mitomycin explain its established role. In fact, "long standing" does not mean "old". The new technologies, introduced progressively in the last decades, have fully confirmed the present and future role of this drug, that is well illustrated in the articles contained in this supplement...
October 4, 2016: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757937/algorithm-to-diagnose-delayed-and-late-pji-role-of-joint-aspiration
#17
Olivier Borens, Pablo S Corona, Lars Frommelt, Stergios Lazarinis, Michael Richard Reed, Carlo Luca Romano
Total Joint Arthroplasty (TJA) continues to gain acceptance as the standard of care for the treatment of severe degenerative joint disease, and is considered one of the most successful surgical interventions in the history of medicine. A devastating complication after TJA is infection. Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), represents one of the major causes of failure and remains a significant challenge facing orthopaedics today. PJI usually requires additional surgery including revision of the implants, fusion or amputations causing tremendous patient suffering but also a heavy health economics burden...
October 19, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639048/-finderle-%C3%A5-valba-ble%C3%A4-i%C3%A4-baka%C3%A5-un-the-rijeka-cascade-of-the-%C3%A5-tamparian-waterfall
#18
Amir Muzur, Iva Rinčić
The "infectious" ardour of Andrija Štampar's doctrine is well known, not only through the accounts of his contemporaries but also from domestic and foreign literature. After all, this ardour has become ingrained in people and institutions, who have carried it on for decades. This article follows the life of prominent bearers of Štampar's ardour in Rijeka's history of medicine - the obstetrician and inventor Viktor Finderle (1902-1964), the epidemiologist Ante Švalba (1903-1989), the long-time director of the People's Health Centre Kajetan Blečić (1917-2005), and the former director of the Public Health Institute Vjekoslav Bakašun (b...
November 2015: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630141/victor-almon-mckusick-21-october-1921-22-july-2008-philosophical-approach-and-historiography
#19
Mikaela I Poling
While many authors have surveyed the contributions of Victor Almon McKusick, MD (21 October 1921-22 July 2008) to establishing the field of medical genetics, no authors have reviewed his significant contributions as an historian to the field of the history of medicine. In discussing relevant biographical themes and their functional influence in his life, his philosophical approach to the study of the history of medicine and his unique historiography, blending various major schools of thought into a hybrid analytical approach to historical research, was evaluated...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629485/giovanni-battista-morgagni-1682-1771-father-of-pathologic-anatomy-and-pioneer-of-modern-medicine
#20
Sanjib Kumar Ghosh
Giovanni Battista Morgagni (1682-1771) was an Italian anatomist who introduced the anatomo-clinical concept in medicine and established anatomy as the instrument to identify the seat and etiology of any disease. He was professor of anatomy at the prestigious University of Padua for more than 50 years. His first documented text in anatomy, Adversaria Anatomica was published in three volumes between 1706 and 1719. His accurate anatomical descriptions of human organs enhanced his reputation as the most famous anatomist of Europe during that period...
September 14, 2016: Anatomical Science International
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