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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188407/colonialist-pasts-and-afrosurrealist-futures-decolonizing-race-and-doctorhood-in-doctor-who
#1
Saljooq M Asif, Cindy Saenz
Originally premiering in 1963, the BBC television series Doctor Who has long been criticized for essentializing colonial scenarios and failing to address issues of race and post-colonial realities. As a white male with the privilege to explore time and space, the titular Doctor stands in contrast to his human companion Martha Jones, a Black woman who represents the first and only main character in the show to be a medical professional of color. The relationship between the Doctor and Martha inherently demands an exploration of the meaning of doctorhood...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175516/a-lucky-mistake-the-splenic-glands-of-marcello-malpighi
#2
Marco Pizzi, Felicia Chaviano, Massimo Rugge, Attilio Orazi
Marcello Malpighi (1628-1694) is one of the most important anatomists and physicians in the History of Medicine. His contributions to the understanding of human anatomy and physiology span from the first description of capillary circulation to a thorough analysis of the structure and function of body glands. Malpighi believed that most organs consisted of glandular structures, whose distribution and microscopic features determine each organ specific function. He also applied this view to the study of spleen anatomy, which he recognized as composed of two distinct anatomic compartments (i...
November 22, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165518/-on-the-meaning-and-usefulness-of-history-of-medicine-1895-1970
#3
Enrique Laval Manrique
The knowledge of the history of Medicine does not seem to add "utility" to the activities of a physician. Nevertheless, for a doctor eager to get good intellectual information -or the spiritual perfection called "culture"- the autor gives some reasons on why being acquainted with the history of medicine has some "utility" through the following items: Intellectual dignity: by deliberately and gratefully assuming the best of those who introduced technical devices or methods, as auscultation, or intellectual elaborations, like the etiologic model of Galen...
August 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142423/bioactive-turmerosaccharides-from-curcuma-longa-extract-nr-inf-02-potential-ameliorating-effect-on-osteoarthritis-pain
#4
Bharathi Bethapudi, Sasikumar Murugan, Ramanaiah Illuri, Deepak Mundkinajeddu, Chandrasekaran Chinampudur Velusami
Background: Curcuma longa has long history of medicinal use in Ayurveda. A unique product NR-INF-02 was prepared from C. longa that was standardized to contain turmerosaccharides. Objective: The present study investigated the effect of turmerosaccharides rich fraction of NR-INF-02 on monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced OA pain animal model that mimics human OA. Further, the analgesic effect of turmerosaccharides rich fraction was compared to turmerosaccharides less fraction of NR-INF-02...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130543/medicinal-plants-of-the-genus-macleaya-macleaya-cordata-macleaya-microcarpa-a-review-of-their-phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-toxicology
#5
REVIEW
Li Lin, Yan-Chun Liu, Jia-Lu Huang, Xiu-Bin Liu, Zhi-Xing Qing, Jian-Guo Zeng, Zhao-Ying Liu
In the genus Macleaya, Macleaya cordata and Macleaya microcarpa have been recognized as traditional herbs that are primarily distributed in China, North America, and Europe and have a long history of medicinal usage. These herbs have been long valued and studied for detumescence, detoxification, and insecticidal effect. This review aims to provide comprehensive information on botanical, phytochemical, pharmacological, and toxicological studies on plants in the genus Macleaya. Plants from the genus of Macleaya provide a source of bioactive compounds, primarily alkaloids, with remarkable diversity and complex architectures, thereby having attracted attention from researchers...
November 12, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081435/american-association-for-the-history-of-medicine-report-of-the-ninetieth-annual-meeting
#6
Jodi L Koste
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075342/european-meeting-in-the-field-of-history-of-medicine-biennial-conference-of-the-european-association-for-the-history-of-medicine-and-health
#7
EDITORIAL
V L Purcarea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032762/a-review-of-evolutionary-and-cyclical-changes-in-the-surgical-approach-to-aortic-valve-disease
#8
Marco Piciche, Guglielmo Actis Dato, Roberto Lorusso, Francesco Musumeci
INTRODUCTION: Aortic valve surgery is no exception to the general rule that history is a cycle in many fields. This manuscript aims to assist readers in transitioning from past to present and on into the future within the field of aortic valve surgery. METHODS: The existing literature has been examined, including old and modern articles published on pubmed, old articles non visible on pubmed, old and recent books on the history of medicine, looking for similarities and repetitions in techniques and surgical approaches to the aortic valve in the past and the current times...
October 9, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977149/james-parkinson-and-his-essay-on-shaking-palsy-two-hundred-years-later
#9
Leonardo Palacios-Sánchez, Martha Torres Nupan, Juan Sebastián Botero-Meneses
In 1817, British physician James Parkinson published a 66-page document entitled "Essay on the Shaking Palsy". This brief text became a classical and fundamental piece in the history of medicine and, in particular, of neurology. The authors of this article wish to pay tribute to this great pioneer of neurology, 200 years after the publication of his findings, which would, in turn, immortalize his name and give rise to the renaming on the entity in 1860 by Professor Jean Martin Charcot, father of neurology. It would be known, henceforth as Parkinson's disease...
September 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974838/influence-of-arabian-pharmacy-on-diseases-tretament-during-ottoman-s-period-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#10
REVIEW
Armin Skrbo, Izet Masic
The Arab cultural heritage was an era of invaluable preservation and development of numerous teachings, including biomedical sciences. The golden period of Arab medicine deserves special attention in the history of medicine and pharmacy, as it was the period of rapid translation of works from Greek and Persian cultures into Arabic. They preserved their culture, and science from decay, and then adopted them to continue building their science on theirs as a basis. After the fall of Arabian Caliphate, Arabian pharmacy, continued to persevere, and spread through Turkish Caliphate until its fall in the First World War...
June 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954367/-the-author-of-yi-du-medicine-reading-and-source-and-history-of-its-editions
#11
S M Wan, X Lu, X G Wang
Yi du (Medicine Reading)was a primer of traditional Chinese medicine. The original author was Wang Ji of the Ming Dynasty, and the book was block-printed and published, after the supplement made by Cheng Yingmao of the Qing Dynasty during the reign of Kangxi Emperor of the Qing Dynasty. The editions of the book preserved in Nanjing Library and China Institute for History of Medicine and Medical Literature of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences was the original version in the reign of Kangxi Emperor. The edition in Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine was the amended version of original version in the reign of Kangxi Emperor...
July 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954360/-research-on-distribution-of-native-places-of-some-doctors-from-the-qin-han-dynasties-to-the-republican-period
#12
H Fang, X Li, Y F Guo, C Xie, X B He, J Cao, H Y Zhang, L Chi
The native places of the famous Chinese medicine doctors listed in the Volume on History of Medicine and Medical Literature of the Great Dictionary of Traditional Chinese Medicine were analyzed and counted, and the political, cultural, social andeconomic factors influencing the regional distributions of the famous Chinese medicine doctors were briefly analysed. Such distributions appear to be obviously regional, Zhejiang, Jiangsu and Anhui are the 3 provinces with the largest number of famous Chinese medicine doctors...
July 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923128/-items-for-criticism-not-in-sequence-joseph-delee-pare-lorentz-and-the-fight-for-life-1940
#13
Caitjan Gainty
In the late 1920s, the American obstetrician Joseph DeLee brought the motion-picture camera into the birth room. Following that era's trend of adapting industrial efficiency practices for medical environments, DeLee's films give spectacular and unexpected expression to the engineering concept of 'streamlining'. Accomplishing what more tangible obstetric streamlining practices had failed to, DeLee's cameras, and his post-production manipulation, shifted birth from messy and dangerous to rationalized, efficient, death-defying...
September 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919589/from-woohwang-cheongsimwon-to-ginseng-the-history-of-medicine-use-in-the-joseon-era
#14
Seong-Su Kim
In Korean traditional medicine, though herbal decoction, acupuncture, and moxibustion are all used to treat diseases, restorative medicines are the most widely preferred treatment method. This paper explores the historical background of restorative herbal medicines and ginseng among the Korean public and Korean traditional medicine practice. It also seeks to clarify how social and cultural perspectives on drug use have changed since restorative medicine became mainstream during the Joseon era. Drug use tendencies were affected by the medical system of the Joseon Dynasty, patients' desires for reliable treatment, and perceptions of the human body and the causes of disease...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901885/teaching-and-researching-the-history-of-medicine-in-the-era-of-big-data-reflections
#15
Frederick W Gibbs, Jeffrey S Reznick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865054/the-history-of-medicine-challenges-and-successes
#16
EDITORIAL
Katlein França, Torello Lotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804866/virally-vectored-vaccine-delivery-medical-needs-mechanisms-advantages-and-challenges
#17
Daniel D Pinschewer
Vaccines represent one of the most successful chapters in the history of medicine. Over the past decades, the advent of recombinant cDNA technology has enabled the biomedical community to genetically engineer viruses for vaccine delivery purposes. As a starting point, this review evaluates the unmet medical needs, which drive scientists and industry to exploit such fundamentally new technology for human vaccination. The author discusses the molecular functioning, production and safety profile of replication-competent and -deficient viral vector systems, representing two fundamentally distinct classes of "genetic vaccines"...
August 14, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790500/personomics-and-precision-medicine
#18
Roy C Ziegelstein
The importance of knowing patients as individuals has been highlighted throughout the history of medicine. However, shorter visits, electronic documentation, reliance on technology, and increasing linguistic and cultural differences between patients and physicians create more challenges to effective communication than ever before. Perhaps more concerning is the greater emphasis on aspects of care considered more precisely measurable and quantifiable, the sum of which is sometimes felt to represent the patient better than knowledge of the patient himself...
2017: Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790467/current-concepts-in-acetabular-positioning-in-total-hip-arthroplasty
#19
Deepu Bhaskar, Asim Rajpura, Tim Board
Being one of the most successful surgeries in the history of medicine, the indications for total hip arthroplasty have widened and are increasingly being offered to younger and fitter patients. This has also led to high expectations for longevity and outcomes. Acetabular cup position has a significant impact on the results of hip arthroplasty as it affects dislocation, abductor muscle strength, gait, limb lengths, impingement, noise generation, range of motion (ROM), wear, loosening, and cup failure. The variables in cup position are depth, height, and angular position (anteversion and inclination)...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782167/plants-of-the-melaleuca-genus-as-antimicrobial-agents-from-farm-to-pharmacy
#20
REVIEW
Javad Sharifi-Rad, Bahare Salehi, Elena Maria Varoni, Farukh Sharopov, Zubaida Yousaf, Seyed Abdulmajid Ayatollahi, Farzad Kobarfard, Mehdi Sharifi-Rad, Mohammad Hossain Afdjei, Majid Sharifi-Rad, Marcello Iriti
Plants belonging to Melaleuca genus (Myrtaceae family) are native to Oceania, where they have been used for ages by Aborigine people in Australian traditional medicine, mainly because of their broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity. Although, M. linariifolia, M. dissitiflora, and other species of Melaleuca can also be used, the tea tree oil, an essential oil obtained from M. alternifolia shows the longest history of medicinal uses. Tea tree oil contains for the 80-90% several monoterpenes (terpinen-4-ol, α-terpinene, 1,8-cineol, p-cymene, α-terpineol, α-pinene, terpinolene, limonene, and sabinene)...
August 7, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
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