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"History of medicine"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399689/the-cognitive-neuroscience-of-placebo-effects-concepts-predictions-and-physiology
#1
Stephan Geuter, Leonie Koban, Tor D Wager
Placebos have been used ubiquitously throughout the history of medicine. Expectations and associative learning processes are important psychological determinants of placebo effects, but their underlying brain mechanisms are only beginning to be understood. We examine the brain systems underlying placebo effects on pain, autonomic, and immune responses. The ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC), insula, amygdala, hypothalamus, and periaqueductal gray emerge as central brain structures underlying placebo effects...
April 7, 2017: Annual Review of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377682/body-of-evidence-integrating-eduard-pernkopf-s-atlas-into-a-librarian-led-medical-humanities-seminar
#2
Keith C Mages, Linda A Lohr
BACKGROUND: Anatomical subjects depicted in Eduard Pernkopf's richly illustrated Topographische Anatomie des Menschen may be victims of the Nazi regime. Special collections librarians in the history of medicine can use this primary resource to initiate dialogs about ethics with medical students. CASE PRESENTATION: Reported here is the authors' use of Pernkopf's Atlas in an interactive medical humanities seminar designed for third-year medical students. Topical articles, illustrations, and interviews introduced students to Pernkopf, his Atlas, and the surrounding controversies...
April 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373287/professor-monastyrski-n-d-1847-1888-one-of-the-forgotten-pioneers-of-biliary-surgery
#3
Mahir Gachabayov, Kubach Kubachev
Today, the ingenious and untimely deceased surgeon Monastyrski's name is almost lost in the history of medicine and says little if any to young surgeons. Monastyrski Nestor Dmitrievich was born in 1847 in Czerniowce, graduated from the medical faculty of the University of Vienna. Deeply inspired by the stars of European medicine and surgery Billroth, Kaposi, Mikulicz, he became a brilliant surgeon and teacher. Monastyrski performed the first gastroenterostomy in Russia, was one of the pioneers of aseptic method in Russia...
April 3, 2017: Clinical Medicine & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362027/ludwik-bierkowski-and-the-early-days-of-general-anaesthesia-in-the-polish-soil-in-february-1847
#4
Ryszard W Gryglewski
Ludwik Bierkowski belonged to the elite of surgeons of the first half of the 19th century. Educated in an excellent German university, Bierkowski had in-depth and comprehensive knowledge, a wide range of practical skills and was continuously eager to search for new solutions. He introduced cotton wool for wound dressings, experimentally determined the conditions of blood transfusions and published two outstanding anatomo-surgical atlases, which ranks him among the leading physicians of those days. Moreover, he was the first to use ether for effective general anaesthesia in the Polish lands, the procedure that changed the course of the history of medicine...
2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314660/alzheimer-s-disease-the-next-frontier-special-report-2017
#5
Jason Karlawish, Clifford R Jack, Walter A Rocca, Heather M Snyder, Maria C Carrillo
In the history of medicine, one means to progress is when we make the decision that our assumptions and definitions of disease are no longer consistent with the scientific evidence, and no longer serve our health care needs. The arc of scientific progress is now requiring a change in how we diagnose Alzheimer's disease. Both the National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer's Association (NIA-AA) 2011 workgroup and the International Work Group (IWG) have proposed guidelines that use detectable measures of biological changes in the brain, commonly known as biological markers, or biomarkers, as part of the diagnosis...
March 14, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282682/-angioneurotic-edema-as-a-differential-diagnosis-of%C3%A2-recurrent-abdominal-pain
#6
Claudia Schadow, Cora Wex, Christian Wybranski, Thomas Kalinski, Christian Schulz, Frank Meyer
History and admission findings A 46-year-old woman was admitted because of recurrent postprandial vomiting including weight loss of 30 kg within the last 5 - 6 months. The physical investigation was indicative of preileus. Investigations CT scan revealed an unclear thickening of the jejunum. Treatment and course Explorative laparotomy was performed because of the considerable degree of suffering and a tendency of worsening. Intraoperatively, the preoperatively observed thickening was confirmed at 3 subsequent segments of the jejunum (3 cm long each) prompting to segmental resection of the jejunum...
March 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280072/portal-into-history-of-medicine-humanities
#7
Barbara Sibbald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252442/latin-as-a-language-of-international-communicative-status-medicine-of-the-16th-17th-centuries
#8
O Bieliaieva, Yu Lysanets, M Melaschenko
The research paper is of interdisciplinary nature, written at the crossroads of the history of medicine, functional stylistics and terminology science. The choice of the 16th century as a starting point of the study is due to the fact that quality changes in book and manuscript writing that took place during this period led to unprecedented development and dissemination of scientific knowledge, including biomedical. The 16th century embraces the life and work of such prominent figures in the history of medicine, as Andreas Vesalius, Gabriele Fallopian, Bartolomeo Eustachi, and Girolamo Fracastoro...
January 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241301/battle-of-the-bulge-aortic-aneurysm-management-from-early-modernity-to-the-present
#9
Justin Barr
For centuries, physicians have recognized aortic aneurysms as an acute threat to life. Therapeutic approaches to the disease began in the 18th century when leading physicians, such as René Laennec and Antonio Valsalva, applied research on circulation and blood coagulation to devise whole-body fasting and bleeding regimens to prevent rupture. After John Hunter's success in ligating arteries to treat peripheral aneurysms, surgeons attempted analogous operations on the aorta, but even the renowned Sir Astley Cooper and William Halsted met with disastrous results...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225542/historical-overview-of-leprosy-control-in-cuba
#10
Enrique Beldarraín-Chaple
INTRODUCTION Leprosy, an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, affects the nervous system, skin, internal organs, extremities and mucous membranes. Biological, social and environmental factors influence its occurrence and transmission. The first effective treatments appeared in 1930 with the development of dapsone, a sulfone. The main components of a control and elimination strategy are early case detection and timely administration of multidrug therapy. OBJECTIVES Review the history of leprosy control in Cuba, emphasizing particularly results of the National Leprosy Control Program, its modifications and influence on leprosy control...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220373/body-dysmorphic-disorder-history-and-curiosities
#11
Katlein França, Maria Grazia Roccia, David Castillo, Mana ALHarbi, Georgi Tchernev, Anastasia Chokoeva, Torello Lotti, Massimo Fioranelli
Body dysmorphic disorder is a chronic psychiatric disorder characterized by excessive preoccupation with an absent or minimal physical deformity. It causes severe distress and impairs normal functioning. In the last centuries, this disorder has been mentioned in the medical literature by important mental health practitioners by different names, such as "dysmorphophobia" or "dermatologic hypochondriasis". However, not until the last century was it included among the obsessive-compulsive disorders, although its classification has changed over time...
February 20, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219279/the-medicalization-of-health-and-shared-responsibility
#12
Gianmarco Contino
Public, occupational and environmental health are relatively novel disciplines compared to the ancient history of medicine. Their development, together with a more insightful knowledge of the human pathophysiology (this more usual term is the one used in the article itself), have progressively expanded the field of investigation of medicine to environmental, behavioural and genetic factors that favour the development of certain medical conditions. As a result we have developed numerous additional strategies to monitor health and prevent disease, including interventions in anticipation of diseases themselves when patients are still healthy or in a grey area of increased risk...
April 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166081/the-art-of-pharmacotherapy-reflections-on-pharmacophobia
#13
Jose de Leon, Carlos De Las Cuevas
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: This commentary deals with the neglected issue of the art of psychopharmacology by recounting the authors' journeys. METHODS/PROCEDURES: First, a model of medical science situated within the history of medicine is described including (1) a limitation of the mathematical model of science, (2) the distinction between mechanistic science and mathematical science, (3) how this distinction is applied to medicine, and (4) how this distinction is applied to explain pharmacology to psychiatrists...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157155/disparate-effects-of-stilbenoid-polyphenols-on-hypertrophic-cardiomyocytes-in-vitro-vs-in-the-spontaneously-hypertensive-heart-failure-rat
#14
Bolanle C Akinwumi, Pema Raj, Danielle I Lee, Crystal Acosta, Liping Yu, Samuel M Thomas, Kalyanam Nagabhushanam, Muhammed Majeed, Neal M Davies, Thomas Netticadan, Hope D Anderson
Stilbenoids are bioactive polyphenols, and resveratrol (trans-3,5,40-trihydroxystilbene) is a representative stilbenoid that reportedly exerts cardioprotective actions. As resveratrol exhibits low oral bioavailability, we turned our attention to other stilbenoid compounds with a history of medicinal use and/or improved bioavailability. We determined the effects of gnetol (trans-3,5,20,60-tetrahydroxystilbene) and pterostilbene (trans-3,5-dimethoxy-40-hydroxystilbene) on cardiac hypertrophy. In vitro, gnetol and pterostilbene prevented endothelin-1-induced indicators of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy including cell enlargement and protein synthesis...
February 1, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151816/mobile-technology-in-the-perioperative-arena-rapid-evolution-and-future-disruption
#15
Brian S Rothman, Rajnish K Gupta, Matthew D McEvoy
Throughout the history of medicine, physicians have relied upon disruptive innovations and technologies to improve the quality of care delivered, patient outcomes, and patient satisfaction. The implementation of mobile technology in health care is quickly becoming the next disruptive technology. We first review the history of mobile technology over the past 3 decades, discuss the impact of hardware and software, explore the rapid expansion of applications (apps), and evaluate the adoption of mobile technology in health care...
March 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104004/-preliminary-discussion-of-the-we-media-used-in-the-teaching-of-the-history-of-medicine
#16
Y Y Xia
With the increase of new Internet platform, student access to knowledge is more and more diversified, ensuing in the challenge to the traditional classroom model. In order to be able to better attract the attention of students, and to guide the students' interest in learning, the author reform in the history of medicine electives, we push the micro letter public articles into the traditional classroom teaching. In order to enable students to actively participate in public reading and writing, a series of measures is adopted with better effect, full mobilization of the enthusiasm and interest of students, training of the abilities of the students, popularization and promotion of history of medical knowledge and mutual promotion of both teaching and learning...
September 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075182/dispersing-the-mists-an-experimental-history-of-medicine-study-into-the-quality-of-volatile-inhalations
#17
Barry Murnane, Cathal T Gallagher, Noel Snell, Mark Sanders, Ramin Moshksar, Darragh Murnane
BACKGROUND: Dr. Nelson's Improved Inhaler was first marketed with an advertisement in The Lancet in 1865. Revolutionary at the time for its ease of use and patient-friendliness, the inhaler is still in use for self-treatment by many all over the world. On the occasion of its 150th anniversary, this study reports an experimental historical medicine approach to identify evidence for the quality of vapor inhalers. METHODS: Through accessing reviews of the device's use by the contemporary medical establishment, it was established that Dr...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067829/the-cause-of-death-of-a-child-in-the-18th-century-solved-by-bone-microbiome-typing-using-laser-microdissection-and-next-generation-sequencing
#18
Valeria D'Argenio, Marielva Torino, Vincenza Precone, Giorgio Casaburi, Maria Valeria Esposito, Laura Iaffaldano, Umberto Malapelle, Giancarlo Troncone, Iolanda Coto, Paolina Cavalcanti, Gaetano De Rosa, Francesco Salvatore, Lucia Sacchetti
The history of medicine abounds in cases of mysterious deaths, especially by infectious diseases, which were probably unresolved because of the lack of knowledge and of appropriate technology. The aim of this study was to exploit contemporary technologies to try to identify the cause of death of a young boy who died from a putative "infection" at the end of the 18th century, and for whom an extraordinarily well-preserved minute bone fragment was available. After confirming the nature of the sample, we used laser microdissection to select the most "informative" area to be examined...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038488/-medical-elements-in-the-sacral-heritage-of-the-mo%C3%A5-%C3%A4-enice-region
#19
Robert Doričić, Ana Montan, Igor Eterović
Sacral heritage, religious practices and customs, and the ethnomedical heritage of the Mošćenice region have not had so far the attention of medico-historians, which represents the starting point of this paper. The research of the mentioned dimensions of medico-historical reality of Mošćenice and its surrounding area has been conducted on three levels. Starting with the usual methodology, sacral inventory of certain churches and chapels from the Mošćenice parish is analyzed from the perspective of the history of medicine...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038483/a-new-museum-within-the-croatian-academy-of-sciences-and-arts-and-the-first-of-its-kind-in-croatia-the-croatian-museum-of-medicine-and-pharmacy
#20
EDITORIAL
Silvija Brkić Midžić
One decade has passed since the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts initiated the foundation of the Croatian Museum of Medicine and Pharmacy, providing it with the location of 300m in Gundulićeva Street 24 in Zagreb. The foundation of the Museum was the Collection of the History of Medicine and Pharmacy which was in safekeeping of the Division for the History of Medical Sciences of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts in Zagreb for more than fifty years. It was put together by combining the materials from two collections: the pharmaceutical-historical collection in Zagreb, which subsequently became the collection of the Institute for the History of Pharmacy, and the one of the Croatian Medical History Museum, which was established in 1944 within the Croatian Medical Association...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
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