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"History of medicine"

R Y Hou
"The Woodcarving Three Emperors and Sun Simiao's Portrait" of the Ming Dynasty preserved at the Chinese Museum for History of Medicine is the historical witness of the System of Sacrifice to Three Emperors. The "Three Emperors" are original ancestors of Chinese nation. In the Song and Jin Dynasties, they were gradually regarded as an ancestor of traditional Chinese medicine with a single entity and the father of medicine by medical practitioners. Until the Yuan Dynasty, side by side with the medical schools nationwide, the government regarded the "Three Emperors" as Medical Immortals set up the Temple of Three Emperors, and held two yearly national festivals in the spring and autumn, respectively, thus creating the System of Sacrifice to Three Emperors...
January 28, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
Alejandro Donoso F, Daniela Arriagada S, Megan Neumann B
Eponyms reflect the history of medicine, diseases, and doctors in their time. Their use is controversial, presenting supporters and detractors. However, the use of eponyms persist in the modern medical language in the Intensive Care Units and includes some frequently used ones such as Foley, Seldinger, Down, Macintosh, Magill, Ringer, Yankauer, Doppler, and French. The objective of this review is to promote biographical knowledge and the historical period in which its medical use took place, in order to deepen aspects of medicine history...
April 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Shelly Benjaminy, Andrew Schepmyer, Judy Illes, Anthony Traboulsee
BACKGROUND: Scientific and financial investments in chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) research have been made to address both the hope for and scepticism over this interventional strategy for MS. Despite limited evidence in support of the CCSVI hypothesis, the funding of clinical research was responsive to a demand by the public rarely seen in the history of medicine. We characterize patient perspectives about the CCSVI research trajectory, with particular attention to its impact on other non-pharmaceutical areas of MS research with a focus on stem cell interventions...
May 16, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Bruno Halioua
The Nazi doctors committed crimes in the camp of Auschwitz which constitute the darkest page in the history of medicine of the twentieth century. They were largely directly involved in the murder of the 1.1 million Jewish majority and about 21,000 gypsies who were transported from all over Europe. How can we explain the intellectual journey of those men who had embraced the medical career to relieve their neighbors? How could these cultivated and refined men, from the most prestigious faculties of medicine, have been able to achieve activities ethically unacceptable? Eight factors help to explain the crimes committed by these educated and cultivated SS doctors: indoctrination fervent to Nazism, adherence to racial hygiene, a false sense of participation in a "public health enterprise", virulent anti-Semitism, unreserved obedience to orders, the opportunity to avoid the danger of fighting areas, the ambition to carry out medical research and the desire to improve surgical knowledge...
May 3, 2018: La Presse Médicale
Chris Millard
Concepts used by historians are as historical as the diagnoses or categories that are studied. The example of Munchausen syndrome (deceptive presentation of illness in order to adopt the 'sick role') is used to explore this. Like most psychiatric diagnoses, Munchausen syndrome is not thought applicable across time by social historians of medicine. It is historically specific, drawing upon twentieth-century anthropology and sociology to explain motivation through desire for the 'sick role'. Ian Hacking's concepts of 'making up people' and 'looping effects' are regularly utilised outside of the context in which they are formed...
August 2017: Social History of Medicine: the Journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine
Barron H Lerner
For decades, physicians wrote much of the history of medicine, often "great man" histories that celebrated their colleagues' accomplishments as part of a celebratory historical narrative. Beginning in the 1970s, social historians challenged this type of scholarship, arguing that it was Whiggish, omitted the flaws of the medical profession, left patients out of the story, and ignored issues of gender, race, and class. This Garrison Lecture revisits this history through the prism of my recent book, The Good Doctor: A Father, a Son, and the Evolution of Medical Ethics, which is essentially a biography of my physician father, Phillip Lerner, and an autobiography...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
William E Cayley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Family Medicine
Ana L Nocito, Hector H Berra
The aim of this article is to introduce the museum we have at the Pathology Department, School of Medicine of the National University of Rosario, Argentina. The origin dates from to 1922 when Dermatology Professor Dr. Enrique P. Fidanza bought moulages at L'Hôpital Saint-Louis in Paris for the purpose of teaching. The collection included around 100 moulages and was worth approximately 1000 dollars. These pieces were exhibited at the Dermatology Department for many years and later moved to the Pathology Department where some pieces started being repaired, whereas others still are really deteriorated...
April 3, 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Thomas Schlich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Medical History
Konstantinos Laios, Marilita M Moschos
Antonio Scarpa (1752-1832) is known in the history of medicine as a distinguished anatomist and surgeon. Apart from his anatomical studies that established him and especially in clinical anatomy, he focused also his interest on ophthalmology, therefore he was considered as the "father of ophthalmology in Italy". His study on ocular cancer is of particular interest, because he not only reviewed older approaches on this issue enriching them with his own clinical observations but his study served as a bridge connecting the previous tradition to the scientific study of ocular cancer which began at the second third of 19th century...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Stephen T Casper
OBJECTIVE: To review the intellectual history of concussion from the mid-19th century to the opening decade of the 21st century. BACKGROUND: Head injuries (HI) and their acute and long-term effects have been investigated for centuries, with major reviews of the topic appearing by 1870. Thus, while it has long been acknowledged that chronic traumatic encephalopathy was first described by Harrison Martland in 1928, an examination of the history of concussion research up to Martland's seminal report places his studies in a deeper historical context...
March 14, 2018: Headache
Przemyslaw Kosinski, Urszula Sarzynska-Nowacka, Magdalena Fiolna, Miroslaw Wielgos
It is now well established that acetylsalicylic acid - one of the most widely prescribed drugs today - has brought a new era in maternal-fetal medicine. The History of medicine mentions several antecedents. Extracts made from willow contained in clay tablets are reported in both ancient Sumer and Egypt. In 400 BC, Hippocrates referred to the use of salicylic tea to reduce fevers. In the 1950s, acetylsalicylic acid entered the Guinness Book of Records as the highest selling painkiller. There is little doubt that acetylsalicylic acid - one of the first drugs to enter common usage - remains one of the most researched drugs in the world...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
Alberto Zanatta, Céline Cherici, Alessandro Bargoni, Serena Buzzi, Valentina Cani, Paolo Mazzarello, Fabio Zampieri
Vincenzo Malacarne, professor of medicine, surgery, and obstetrics in Turin, Pavia, and Padua, Italy, represented a perfect example of an eighteenth century "letterato", combining interests in humanities, sciences, and politics, embodying the ideal of an encyclopedic and universal culture. He made important contributions in anatomy and surgery, teratology, obstetrics, neurology, and history of medicine, adopting a interdisciplinary approach based on the correlation between anatomy, surgery, and clinics...
February 27, 2018: Cerebellum
Maria Kalientzidou, Athanasios A Diamandopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Baojin Li, Longxiang Huang
For the construction factors of acupuncture-moxibustion theory of DOU Hanqing , a doctor in Jin-Yuan Dynasty, we studied his life, acupuncture-moxibustion theory and culture background in the History of Medicine and Philosophy of Science & Technology. It was found that the major source of DOU Hanqing ' s Confucianism was the CHENG - ZHU Neo-Confucianism. The data show that Neo-Confucianism played an important role in the enrichment of his human nature, spirit, moral cultivation and political talent, making him a scholar in the Jin - Yuan dynasty, also shaping his medical ethics, medical skill and acupuncture-moxibustion theory...
February 12, 2018: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Dario Piombino-Mascali, Rimantas Jankauskas, Justina Kozakaitė, M Linda Sutherland
An anthropogenic human mummy curated in the Museum of the History of Medicine, Vilnius University, was recently examined by means of computed tomography. Although the mummy lacked data regarding its specific context and historical information on its identity and chronology, the investigation focused on the embalming method adopted to preserve it. Some pathological alterations were also recorded. This research appears to suggest that this body was prepared for educational and/or scientific purposes rather than funerary purposes...
2017: Medicina
Paulo Nuno Martins
This article discusses the relationship between health and disease, considering the mind/body dichotomy that has occurred in the history of medicine, both in Western and Eastern cultures. The author begins by referring to the magical concept of disease, passing through the classical Greek period, and the medieval and Renaissance vision, to the evolution of modern concepts proposed by psychoanalysis. The author references some practical examples about the importance of the mind-body relationship, such as the psychological steps experienced by the oncological patient, as well as the psychiatric disorder...
January 2018: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
Iain Macintyre
After graduating in medicine Douglas Guthrie embarked on a career as an ENT surgeon. When his Edinburgh hospital appointment ended in 1936 he began to write History of Medicine, which, thanks to a favourable review by George Bernard Shaw, became a worldwide best seller when first published in 1945. This marked the start of Guthrie's second career as a lecturer in history of medicine at the University of Edinburgh where his prime responsibility was delivering systematic lectures on medical history to medical undergraduates...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
Robert M Feibel
Mortimer Frank (1874-1919) was an ophthalmologist in Chicago, Illinois. He published a number of papers on the history of medicine, and was secretary of the Chicago Society of the History of Medicine and editor of their Bulletin. His major contribution to the history of medicine relates to the history of anatomical illustration. The classic book on that subject had been published in 1852 in German by the physician and historian, Johann Ludwig Choulant (1791-1861). However, by Frank's time this text was both out dated and out of print...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
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