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"History of medicine"

Amir Muzur, Iva Rinčić
The "infectious" ardour of Andrija Štampar's doctrine is well known, not only through the accounts of his contemporaries but also from domestic and foreign literature. After all, this ardour has become ingrained in people and institutions, who have carried it on for decades. This article follows the life of prominent bearers of Štampar's ardour in Rijeka's history of medicine - the obstetrician and inventor Viktor Finderle (1902-1964), the epidemiologist Ante Švalba (1903-1989), the long-time director of the People's Health Centre Kajetan Blečić (1917-2005), and the former director of the Public Health Institute Vjekoslav Bakašun (b...
November 2015: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Mikaela I Poling
While many authors have surveyed the contributions of Victor Almon McKusick, MD (21 October 1921-22 July 2008) to establishing the field of medical genetics, no authors have reviewed his significant contributions as an historian to the field of the history of medicine. In discussing relevant biographical themes and their functional influence in his life, his philosophical approach to the study of the history of medicine and his unique historiography, blending various major schools of thought into a hybrid analytical approach to historical research, was evaluated...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
Sanjib Kumar Ghosh
Giovanni Battista Morgagni (1682-1771) was an Italian anatomist who introduced the anatomo-clinical concept in medicine and established anatomy as the instrument to identify the seat and etiology of any disease. He was professor of anatomy at the prestigious University of Padua for more than 50 years. His first documented text in anatomy, Adversaria Anatomica was published in three volumes between 1706 and 1719. His accurate anatomical descriptions of human organs enhanced his reputation as the most famous anatomist of Europe during that period...
September 14, 2016: Anatomical Science International
Marco Cascella
Professor Giuseppe Moscati (1880-1927) was canonized by the Catholic Church in 1987. This act recognized the extraordinary qualities of a doctor who, considering his work as a "sublime mission", dedicated his life to helping the sick. The fame of the "Holy doctor" or "doctor of the poor", as people called him, was soon widespread and, immediately after his death, made him the subject of several biographies. These treatises, mainly written by religious hagiographers, have little analyzed Moscati as a doctor and scientist, or, in rare cases, privileged the description of his medical career, touching only marginally salient aspects of his work as a scientist and researcher...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Christine M Ball
The London surgeon and anaesthetist, Joseph Thomas Clover (1825-1882), and the Birmingham surgeon, Joseph Sampson Gamgee (1828-1886), are well known figures in the history of medicine. Draft letters among the surviving papers of Joseph Clover have been transcribed and reveal new information about their friendship, their financial affairs and Clover's motivation to become a full-time anaesthetist. They have also led to the discovery that Gamgee was briefly imprisoned in Warwick County Goal for debt in 1859.
August 26, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
Guijie Chen, Qingxia Yuan, Muhammad Saeeduddin, Shiyi Ou, Xiaoxiong Zeng, Hong Ye
Tea has a long history of medicinal and dietary use. Tea polysaccharide (TPS) is regarded as one of the main bioactive constituents of tea and is beneficial for health. Over the last decades, considerable efforts have been devoted to the studies on TPS: extraction, structural feature and bioactivity of TPS. However, it has been received much less attention compared with tea polyphenols. In order to provide new insight for further development of TPS in functional foods, in present review we summarize the recent literature, update the information and put forward future perspectives on TPS covering its extraction, purification, quantitative determination techniques as well as physicochemical characterization and bioactivities...
November 20, 2016: Carbohydrate Polymers
Cristian Bârsu
History of science is a vast and complex domain, comprising many sub-domains, such as: the history of medicine, history of chemistry, history of physics etc. Different specialists in these sub-domains, trying to reach the general and integrative understanding of the history of science, succeeded only after they acquired a rich scientific experience in their fields of activity. One of the scientists who had interesting papers on the history of science was Valeriu Bologa (1892-1971). He was the first Romanian professor of history of medicine...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
Cătălin Vasilescu, Monica Salmen, Andrei Bobocea
Cervicothoracic Sympathectomy is a common indication in the treatment of Raynaud Syndrome, Palmer Hyperhidrosis or Acute Ischemia of the superior limb. Nonetheless, almost a century ago it represented one of the first innovative attempts in curing coronary heart disease. Nowadays, this indication is no more than a footnote in a volume on the History of Medicine, and a trivia fact for medical history enthusiasts. The operation's history is rather conflicting. A young Romaninan surgeon, Victor Gomoiu seems to have come up with the idea, in the early 20th century...
May 2016: Chirurgia
Uttara Basu, Bhabatosh Banik, Ru Wen, Rakesh K Pathak, Shanta Dhar
Anticancer platinum (Pt) complexes have long been considered to be one of the biggest success stories in the history of medicinal inorganic chemistry. Yet there remains the hunt for the "magic bullet" which can satisfy the requirements of an effective chemotherapeutic drug formulation. Pt(iv) complexes are kinetically more inert than the Pt(ii) congeners and offer the opportunity to append additional functional groups/ligands for prodrug activation, tumor targeting, or drug delivery. The ultimate aim of functionalization is to enhance the tumor selective action and attenuate systemic toxicity of the drugs...
August 16, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Min Zhang, Xuhui Zhang, Bin Zhang, Dongwen Wang
To better understand the basis of urinary calculi formation, we studied the composition, microstructure, and element analysis of different types of urinary calculi. Sixty people with urinary stones in Shanxi province were selected randomly. The composition of urinary stones was analyzed using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The microstructure of material components was observed by a scanning electron microscopy and the elemental distribution and composition were analyzed by an X-ray energy spectrometer...
August 5, 2016: Microscopy Research and Technique
George M Weisz, Andrzej Grzybowski
The history of medicine has been an intriguing topic for both authors. The modern relevance of past discoveries led both authors to take a closer look at the lives and contributions of persecuted physicians. The Jewish physicians who died in the Holocaust stand out as a stark example of those who merit being remembered. Many made important contributions to medicine which remain relevant to this day. Hence, this paper reviews the lives and important contributions of two persecuted Jewish physicians: Arthur Kessler (1903-2000) and Bronislawa Fejgin (1883-1943)...
July 28, 2016: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2016: Praxis
Yan Ding, Dan Qu, Kai-Mei Zhang, Xiao-Xin Cang, Zi-Nong Kou, Wei Xiao, Jing-Bo Zhu
Amaryllidaceae is a family that includes 75 genera and about 1100 species, which have a long history of medicinal use. Many plants have been proven to possess efficacy for neurological injury and inflammatory conditions. This article summarizes 357 Amaryllidaceae alkaloids, and cites 166 174 references over the last three decades. These alkaloids are classified into 14 skeleton types, and their abundant sources are also included. Modern pharmacology studies demonstrate that alkaloids that exclusively occur in Amaryllidaceae plant possess wide-ranging pharmacological actions, especially effects on the central nervous system, as well as antitumor, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory activities...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Lukas Engelmann
The photography of people with AIDS has been subject to numerous critiques in the 1980s and has become a controversial way of visualizing the AIDS epidemic. While most of the scholarly work on AIDS photography is based in cultural studies and concerned with popular representations, the clinical value of photographs of people with AIDS usually remains overlooked. This article addresses photographs as a "way of seeing" AIDS that contributed crucially to the making of the disease entity AIDS within the history of medicine...
2016: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Y Ji, Z P Li
Harbin, located in the northeast of China, was still an agricultural region dominated by traditional natural economy in the late 19th century. Harbin became the"Eurasia land bridge"and the transportation junction of the northeast railway network, along with the building of Mid-east railway in 1898, which sped up the development of the city. With the influx of foreign workers and capital, in the 1930s, Harbin has become a city with 19 countries' consulates and nearly 100, 000 people from more than 20 foreign countries...
March 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
Zhong-zhen Zhao, Kai-cun Zhao, Eric Brand
On-site field investigation was conducted to authenticate a batch of ancient Chinese medicinal decoction pieces that have been preserved in a rare collection at the Natural History Museum in London. These treasured artifacts comprise a portion of the Sloane Collection, and the nearly one hundred Chinese medicinal specimens examined within provide an objective record of the real situation regarding the Chinese medicinal materials in commercial circulation three hundred years ago. The precious data from this collection pro-vides an extremely valuable reference for the research into the history of medicinal exchange between China and the West during the Age of Exploration, shedding light on the evolution and historical changes in the species used in Chinese medicine, as well as the history of medicinal processing and decoction pieces...
December 2015: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Alla A Vein, Geneviève Aubert
In 1898, Russian physician Sergey Alexeevich Sukhanov (1867-1915) spent a 3-month traineeship in Professor Arthur Van Gehuchten's anatomy laboratory in Louvain (Belgium). A folder containing 17 handwritten documents in Russian was recently discovered in the archives of the Museum of the History of Medicine, First Moscow State Medical University. The letters give a lively account of Sukhanov's everyday observations, experiences and opinions while he was in Van Gehuchten's lab. We took a selection of these notes and put them into medical and historical context...
2016: European Neurology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2016: Praxis
Yajun Wu, Shuai Li, Haixia Li, Chunzhi Zhao, Hao Ma, Xiunan Zhao, Junhua Wu, Kunlu Liu, Junjie Shan, Yuxia Wang
Poria cocos has a long history of medicinal use in China. Polysaccharides and their derivatives in the medicine exhibit many beneficial biological activities including anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antiviral activities. In this study, a new polysaccharide (PCP-II) was isolated from sclerotium of Poria cocos. Its physico-chemical characters were identified and its adjuvant activity was investigated in mice co-immunized with H1N1 influenza vaccine and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). The results revealed that PCP-II has a molecular weight of 29...
October 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
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