keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

glut4

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223569/isolated-mangiferin-and-naringenin-exert-antidiabetic-effect-via-ppar%C3%AE-glut4-dual-agonistic-action-with-strong-metabolic-regulation
#1
Ashok K Singh, Vinit Raj, Amit K Keshari, Amit Rai, Pranesh Kumar, Atul Rawat, Biswanath Maity, Dinesh Kumar, Anand Prakash, Arnab De, Amalesh Samanta, Bolay Bhattacharya, Sudipta Saha
In this study, we isolated two compounds from the leaves of Salacia oblonga (SA1, mangiferin and SA2, naringenin), and their structures were confirmed by infrared spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry. SA1 and SA2 were orally administered to streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats at 50 and 100 mg/kg daily for 15 days. Blood glucose level, serum lipid profile, oxidative stress parameters, histopathology, docking, molecular parameters, and NMR-based metabolic perturbation studies were performed to investigate the pharmacological activities of SA1 and SA2...
December 6, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222456/bmps-as-new-insulin-sensitizers-enhanced-glucose-uptake-in-mature-3t3-l1-adipocytes-via-ppar%C3%AE-and-glut4-upregulation
#2
Isabelle Schreiber, Gina Dörpholz, Claus-Eric Ott, Bjørt Kragesteen, Nancy Schanze, Cory Thomas Lee, Josef Köhrle, Stefan Mundlos, Karen Ruschke, Petra Knaus
Insulin-resistance is the main cause of type 2 diabetes. Here we describe the identification and characterization of BMP2 and BMP6 as new insulin-sensitizing growth factors in mature adipocytes. We show that BMP2 and BMP6 lead to enhanced insulin-mediated glucose uptake in both insulin-sensitive and -insensitive adipocytes. We exclude a direct effect of BMP2 or BMP6 on translocation of GLUT4 to the plasma membrane and demonstrate that these BMPs increase GLUT4 protein levels equipotent to Rosiglitazone. BMPs induce expression of PPARγ as the crucial mediator for the insulin-sensitizing effect...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221702/screening-plant-derived-dietary-phenolic-compounds-for-bioactivity-related-to-cardiovascular-disease
#3
Kevin D Croft, Yoko Yamashita, Helen O'Donoghue, Daishi Shirasaya, Natalie Ward, Hitoshi Ashida
The potential health benefits of phenolic acids found in food and beverages has been suggested from a number of large population studies. However, the mechanism of how these compounds may exert biological effects is less well established. It is also now recognised that many complex polyphenols in the diet are metabolised to simple phenolic acids which can be taken up in the circulation. In this paper a number of selected phenolic compounds have been tested for their bioactivity in two cell culture models. The expression and activity of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in human aortic endothelial cells and the uptake of glucose in muscle cells...
December 5, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219181/exercise-increases-rho-kinase-activity-and-insulin-signaling-in-skeletal-muscle
#4
Vitor Rosetto Muñoz, Rafael Calais Gaspar, Gabriel Keine Kuga, Alisson Luiz da Rocha, Barbara Moreira Crisol, José Diego Botezelli, Igor Luchini Baptista, Rania A Mekary, Adelino Sanchez Ramos da Silva, Dennys Esper Cintra, Leandro Pereira de Moura, Eduardo Rochete Ropelle, José Rodrigo Pauli
The effects of physical exercise on insulin signaling and glycemic homeostasis are not yet fully understood. Recent findings elucidated the positive role of Rho-kinase (Rock) in increasing the glucose uptake through insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS1) phosphorylation in the skeletal muscle. Here, we explored the effects of short-term exercise on Rock activity and insulin signaling. Fischer 344 rats (3 months old) were subjected to a short-term swimming exercise for 2 h per day for 5 days, with an overload corresponding to 1...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218528/proximity-ligation-assay-to-study-the-glut4-membrane-trafficking-machinery
#5
Dimitrios Kioumourtzoglou, Gwyn W Gould, Nia J Bryant
In this chapter a detailed protocol of proximity ligation assay (PLA) is described thoroughly. PLA is a technique that allows detection of protein associations in situ, providing a sensitive and selective approach for protein-protein interaction studies. We demonstrate the technique by applying it for trafficking studies of the facilitative glucose transporter GLUT4. Trafficking of GLUT4 from perinuclear depots to the plasma membrane is regulated by insulin in adipocytes and muscle cells, and mediated by formation of functional SNARE complexes containing Syntaxin4, SNAP23, and VAMP2...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218527/glucose-transport-methods-for-interrogating-glut4-trafficking-in-adipocytes
#6
Dougall M Norris, Tom A Geddes, David E James, Daniel J Fazakerley, James G Burchfield
In this chapter we detail methods for the systematic dissection of GLUT4 trafficking. The methods described have been optimized for cultured 3T3-L1 adipocytes, but can be readily adapted to other cell types.
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218526/glut4-translocation-in-single-muscle-cells-in-culture-epitope-detection-by-immunofluorescence
#7
Javier R Jaldin-Fincati, Philip J Bilan, Amira Klip
GLUT4 is the major glucose transporter in skeletal muscle. GLUT4 cycles to and from the plasma membrane and its exocytic rate is accelerated by insulin and muscle contraction to achieve a new steady state with more GLUT4 proteins at the muscle cell surface. To gain a better understanding of the molecular and cellular mechanisms that govern GLUT4 protein recycling, we developed an in vitro model in which myc-epitope-tagged GLUT4 or GLUT4-GFP is expressed in L6 skeletal muscle cells. The myc-epitope is inserted into an exofacial domain that is accessible to anti-myc antibodies from the outside of non-permeabilized cells, allowing one to count the number of transporters at the cell surface...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218525/translocation-and-redistribution-of-glut4-using-a-dual-labeled-reporter-assay
#8
Robert M Jackson, Ann Louise Olson
It is crucial to determine the regulation of GLUT4 translocation and redistribution to the plasma membrane. The HA-GLUT4-GFP dual-reporter construct has become an important tool in the assessment of GLUT4 recycling in cultured adipocytes and myocytes. Through the use of light microscopy, this reporter construct allows for visualization of GLUT4 specifically at the cell surface or GLUT4 that has recycled from the cell surface while simultaneously marking the total GLUT4 pool. Here, we discuss and outline the general application of this reporter construct and its use in evaluating GLUT4 translocation within cultured adipocytes...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218524/total-internal-reflection-fluorescence-microscopy-to-study-glut4-trafficking
#9
Sebastian Wasserstrom, Björn Morén, Karin G Stenkula
Total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) microscopy is a powerful method that allows examination of plasma membrane close events in real time. The last decade, the method has successfully been used to explore GLUT4 translocation in adipocytes. Here, we describe the procedure for studying GLUT4 trafficking using TIRF microscopy in isolated primary adipocytes.
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215104/a-novel-ptp1b-inhibitor-extracted-from-ganoderma-lucidum-ameliorates-insulin-resistance-by-regulating-irs1-glut4-cascades-in-the-insulin-signaling-pathway
#10
Zhou Yang, Fan Wu, Yanming He, Qiang Zhang, Yuan Zhang, Guangrong Zhou, Hongjie Yang, Ping Zhou
Insulin resistance caused by the overexpression of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1 B (PTP1B) as well as the dephosphorylation of its target is one of the main causes of type 2 diabetes (T2D). A newly discovered proteoglycan, Fudan-Yueyang Ganoderma lucidum (FYGL) extracted from Ganoderma lucidum, was first reported to be capable of competitively inhibiting PTP1B activity in vitro in our previous work. In the present study, we sought to reveal the mechanism of PTP1B inhibition by FYGL at the animal and cellular levels...
December 7, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213501/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-pathophysiology-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Aparecida Marcelino de Nazareth
Both Alzheimer's disease (AD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) are two common forms of disease worldwide and many studies indicate that people with diabetes, especially DM, are at higher risk of developing AD. AD is characterized by progressive cognitive decline and accumulation of β-amyloid (Aβ) forming senile plaques. DM is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia in the context of insulin resistance and relative lack of insulin. Both diseases also share common characteristics such as loss of cognitive function and inflammation...
April 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209279/promoting-glucose-transporter-4-vesicle-trafficking-along-cytoskeletal-tracks-pak-ing-them-out
#12
REVIEW
Ragadeepthi Tunduguru, Debbie C Thurmond
Glucose is the principal cellular energy source in humans and maintenance of glucose homeostasis is critical for survival. Glucose uptake into peripheral skeletal muscle and adipose tissues requires the trafficking of vesicles containing glucose transporter-4 (GLUT4) from the intracellular storage compartments to the cell surface. Trafficking of GLUT4 storage vesicles is initiated via the canonical insulin signaling cascade in skeletal muscle and fat cells, as well as via exercise-induced contraction in muscle cells...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206848/caveolin-3-promotes-glycometabolism-growth-and-proliferation-in-muscle-cells
#13
Lina Shang, Tingting Chen, Yufeng Deng, Yiyuan Huang, Yuanheng Huang, Jing Xian, Wensheng Lu, Lihui Yang, Qin Huang
OBJECTIVE: Caveolin-3 (CAV3) protein is known to be expressed specifically in various myocytes, but its physiological function remains unclear. CAV3, located at the cell membrane, may promote the sensitivity of the Akt signaling pathway, which is closely related to glucose metabolism and to cell growth and proliferation. METHODS: The CAV3 gene was stably transfected into C2C12 muscle cells, and the effects were evaluated by biochemical assays, WB and confocal microscopy for the observation of cellular glucose metabolism, growth and proliferation, and the effect of CAV3 on the Akt signaling pathway with no insulin stimulation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203961/oleuropein-improves-insulin-resistance-in-skeletal-muscle-by-promoting-the-translocation-of-glut4
#14
Yoko Fujiwara, Chisato Tsukahara, Naoe Ikeda, Yasuko Sone, Tomoko Ishikawa, Ikuyo Ichi, Taisuke Koike, Yoshinori Aoki
As the beneficial effects of the Mediterranean diet on human health are well established, the phenolic compounds in olive oil have been gaining interest. Oleuropein, a major phenolic compound in olives, is known to reduce the blood glucose levels in alloxan-induced diabetic rats and rabbits, however, its effect on type 2 diabetes caused by obesity is not clear. The purpose of this study is clarifying the effect of oleuropein on the glucose tolerance in skeletal muscle under the condition of lipotoxicity caused by type 2 diabetes...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203476/ucp1-deficiency-increases-adipose-tissue-monounsaturated-fatty-acid-synthesis-and-trafficking-to-the-liver
#15
Laura M Bond, James M Ntambi
Uncoupling protein-1 (UCP1) facilitates thermogenesis in brown and beige adipocytes and can promote energy expenditure by decreasing mitochondrial respiratory efficiency. Defects in UCP1 and brown adipose tissue thermogenesis subject animals to chronic cold stress and elicit compensatory responses to generate heat. How UCP1 regulates white adipose tissue (WAT) lipid biology and tissue crosstalk is not completely understood. Here, we probe the effect of UCP1 deficiency on fatty acid metabolism in inguinal and epididymal WAT and investigate how these metabolic perturbations influence hepatic lipid homeostasis...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200726/influence-of-flavonoids-on-mechanism-of-modulation-of-insulin-secretion
#16
Juliana Mikaelly Dias Soares, Ana Ediléia Barbosa Pereira Leal, Juliane Cabral Silva, Jackson R G S Almeida, Helinando Pequeno de Oliveira
Background: The development of alternatives for insulin secretion control in vivo or in vitro represents an important aspect to be investigated. In this direction, natural products have been progressively explored with this aim. In particular, flavonoids are potential candidates to act as insulin secretagogue. Objective: To study the influence of flavonoid on overall modulation mechanisms of insulin secretion. Methods: The research was conducted in the following databases and platforms: PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Knowledge, SciELO, LILACS, and ScienceDirect, and the MeSH terms used for the search were flavonoids, flavones, islets of Langerhans, and insulin-secreting cells...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198059/metabolic-effects-of-physiological-levels-of-caffeine-in-myotubes
#17
Jamie K Schnuck, Lacey M Gould, Hailey A Parry, Michele A Johnson, Nicholas P Gannon, Kyle L Sunderland, Roger A Vaughan
Caffeine has been shown to stimulate multiple major regulators of cell energetics including AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII). Additionally, caffeine induces peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α) and mitochondrial biogenesis. While caffeine enhances oxidative metabolism, experimental concentrations often exceed physiologically attainable concentrations through diet. This work measured the effects of low-level caffeine on cellular metabolism and gene expression in myotubes, as well as the dependence of caffeine's effects on the nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor beta/delta (PPARβ/δ)...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197155/high-intensity-interval-training-improves-insulin-sensitivity-in-older-individuals
#18
D Søgaard, M T Lund, C M Scheuer, M S Dehlbaek, S G Dideriksen, C V Abildskov, K K Christensen, T L Dohlmann, S Larsen, A H Vigelsø, F Dela, J W Helge
AIM: Metabolic health may deteriorate with age as a result of altered body composition and decreased physical activity. Endurance exercise is known to counter these changes delaying or even preventing onset of metabolic diseases. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is a time efficient alternative to regular endurance exercise and the aim of this study is to investigate the metabolic benefit of HIIT in older subjects. METHODS: 22 sedentary male (n=11) and female (n=11) subjects aged 63 ± 1 years performed HIIT training three times/week for six weeks on a bicycle ergometer...
December 2, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193093/molecular-adaptations-of-adipose-tissue-to-6%C3%A2-weeks-of-morning-fasting-vs-daily-breakfast-consumption-in-lean-and-obese-adults
#19
Javier T Gonzalez, Judith D Richardson, Enhad A Chowdhury, Francoise Koumanov, Geoffrey D Holman, Scott Cooper, Dylan Thompson, Kostas Tsintzas, James A Betts
This experiment assessed molecular responses of human subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (SCAT) to 6 weeks of morning fasting. Forty-eight, healthy lean (n = 29) and obese (n = 20) adults provided SCAT biopsies before and after six weeks of morning fasting (FAST; 0 kcal until 1200 h) or daily breakfast consumption (BFAST; ≥700 kcal before 1100 h). Biopsies were analysed for mRNA levels of selected genes, and GLUT4 and Akt protein content. Basal and insulin-stimulated Akt activation and tissue glucose uptake rates were also determined...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188534/1-25-oh-2-vitamin-d3-upregulates-glucose-uptake-mediated-by-sirt1-irs1-glut4-signaling-cascade-in-c2c12-myotubes
#20
Prasenjit Manna, Arunkumar E Achari, Sushil K Jain
This study examined the hypothesis that 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) upregulates the insulin-independent signaling cascade of glucose metabolism. C2C12 myotubes were treated with high glucose (HG, 25 mM) and 1,25(OH)2D3 (0-50 nM). 1,25(OH)2D3 supplementation upregulated both insulin-independent (SIRT1) and insulin-dependent (p-IRS) signaling molecules, and stimulated the GLUT4 translocation, and glucose uptake in HG-treated myotubes. The effect of 1,25(OH)2D3 on IRS1 phosphorylation, GLUT4 translocation, and glucose uptake was attenuated in SIRT1-knockdown myotubes...
November 29, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
keyword
keyword
71696
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"