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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788811/central-ecmo-for-circulatory-failure-following-pediatric-liver-transplantation
#1
John P Scott, Johnny C Hong, Nathan E Thompson, Ronald K Woods, George M Hoffman
We describe the case of a 4-year-old male with a past medical history significant for nephrotic syndrome, short-bowel syndrome and fulminant hepatic failure status post (s/p) liver transplant (LT) who developed early post-transplant allograft dysfunction (hyperbilirubinemia, coagulopathy) and septic shock requiring central extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). He remained on ECMO for 85 hours before he was decannulated without event and later underwent repeat LT. This case highlights the potential of central ECMO to provide the circulatory output necessary to reverse distributive shock physiology in patients with sepsis and hepatic dysfunction following LT...
May 1, 2018: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783824/-clinical-analysis-of-seven-cases-of-rare-hemolytic-disease-of-the-newborn
#2
S Gu, H X Wang, C Y Yang, X F Yang, Y Lin, Y Zhong, J P He, Y J Wang
Objective: To summarize the clinical features of 7 rare cases of hemolytic disease of newborn (HDN), and to improve the understanding of rare HDN. Methods: Data of clinical information, laboratory findings, treatments and outcomes were collected and analyzed for four cases with HDN due to anti-M, two cases due to anti-Kidd, and one case due to anti-Duffy. All of them were admitted to the Department of Neonatology, Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medial University from July 2007 to June 2017...
May 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783819/-value-of-urine-soluble-triggering-receptor-expressed-on-myeloid-cells-1-in-the-early-diagnosis-of-sepsis-associated-acute-kidney-injury
#3
Z K Yuan, F Fang, C J Liu, J Li, Y F Chen, F Xu
Objective: To assess the value of urine soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1(sTREM-1) in early diagnosis and prognosis of sepsis associated acute kidney injury (AKI). Methods: This was a case-control study. A total of 62 patients with sepsis during November 2016 to June 2017 were collected, who were divided into non-AKI sepsis ( n= 49) and AKI sepsis ( n= 13) groups according to the serum creatinine (SCr) or urine output, sepsis with shock ( n= 22) and sepsis without shock ( n= 40) groups according to the presence of shock, survival ( n= 47) and death ( n= 15) groups according to the mortality...
May 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778715/photopheresis-of-a-less-than-10-kg-child-with-acute-graft-versus-host-disease-accompanied-with-hyperbilirubinemia-a-case-report
#4
REVIEW
Ashraf Malek Mohammadi, Amir Hossein Norooznezhad, Jerard Seghatchian, Mohsen Nikbakht, Farhad Heshmati, Saeed Mohammadi, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is a curative treatment for many hematologic malignancies with its most important side effect being graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Herein, we present a 3.5 year-old male with weight of 9.8 kg with acute GVHD (grade IV gastrointestinal and cutaneous) who did not respond to the first line therapies (corticosteroids). Thus, the patient was a candidate for extracorporeal photochemotherapy (ECP). Due to the hyperbilirubinemia, two sessions of ECP every week as well as one session of plasmapheresis 24 h before each ECP session were performed (Spectra™ Optia® apheresis system)...
May 9, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768941/bilirubin-and-oxidative-stress-in-term-and-preterm-infants
#5
Carlo Dani, Chiara Poggi, Simone Pratesi
Hyperbilirubinemia is the most frequent clinical problem neonatologists must deal with during the newborn period. It has been suggested that bilirubin is involved in the balance between antioxidant and pro-oxidant agents due to its antioxidant properties. However, the relevance of these effects in vivo in term and preterm infants is still debated. We performed a literature review of studies that investigated the association between total serum bilirubin (TSB) and oxidative stress in newborn infants. We found that studies in term infants give contradictory results, while studies in preterm infants suggest that the TSB increase is associated with an oxidative stress increase due to concurrent factors other than bilirubin level, such as heme oxygenase (HO) activity...
May 16, 2018: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761937/-mirror-mirror-on-the-wall-%C3%A2-pediatric-liver-transplantation-in-the-case-of-situs-inversus-totalis-with-a-disrupted-inferior-vena-cava
#6
Colston A Edgerton, Megan Gross, Nagraj Kasi, Winston Hewitt, Sara Edmondson, Vinayak S Rohan, Satish N Nadig
We present the unique case of a 15-month-old male born with biliary atresia and situs inversus totalis and disrupted inferior vena cava who underwent a successful liver transplantation. The patient had previously undergone a failed Kasai procedure and presented with persistent hyperbilirubinemia. The patient was transplanted with a left lateral segment donor having standard arterial anatomy. Technical considerations included identifying completely replaced arterial anatomy in the recipient from the superior mesenteric artery and creating a branch patch between the gastroduodenal artery and HA, anastomosing the donor left hepatic vein to confluences of the donor left, middle, and right hepatic veins, using a "lazy-S" configuration of portal vein anastomosis, and suspending the allograft to the abdominal wall...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750742/an-atypical-case-of-atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome
#7
Tine Francois, Johan Vande Walle, Evelyn Dhont, Werner Keenswijk
We present the case of a 2-month-old infant presenting with pallor and laboratory results showing: hemoglobin 5.1 (10 to 1.5) g/dL, MCV 94.7 (75 to 105) fL, leukocytes 17.4 (7 to 15) ×10/μL, platelets 259 (150 to 450) ×10/μL, hyperbilirubinemia and renal dysfunction. A hemolytic anemia with tubular injury secondary to hemoglobinuria was suspected. Hyperhydration and packed cells were given but she deteriorated. Fluid overload with anuria further complicated the course necessating hemodialysis. Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome was suspected and eculizumab was administered resulting in rapid improvement...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747313/-clinical-observation-of-apatinib-mesylate-for-the-treatment-of-multi-drug-resistant-advanced-breast-cancer
#8
H M Lü, M W Zhang, L M Niu, H A Zeng, M Yan
Objective: To assess the clinical efficacy and adverse outcomes of apatinib mesylate for the treatment of multi-drug resistant advanced breast cancer. Methods: A total of 24 patients with multi-drug-resistant advanced breast cancer who underwent apatinib mesylate treatment were retrospectively analyzed at the Diagnosis and Treatment Center for Breast Cancer of Henan Cancer Hospital. Patients were reviewed every 4 weeks after initial treatment and then every 8 weeks after stable disease. Objective response rate (ORR), progression free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) , toxicity and adverse outcomes of apatinib mesylate treatment were evaluated by imaging examinations...
April 24, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744077/hyperbilirubinemia-following-lenalidomide-administration
#9
Veronica Azmy, Natalia Neparidze
Asymptomatic hyperbilirubinemia in a patient with no underlying liver disease or renal impairment while on lenalidomide therapy may be attributable to the unmasking of previously undiagnosed Gilbert's syndrome, as previously shown in the literature. The hyperbilirubinemia should resolve after discontinuation of the drug.
May 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744055/bile-cast-nephropathy-in-a-patient-with-cholangiocarcinoma-a-case-report
#10
Kittrawee Kritmetapak, Thanatarn Sathidatekoonchorn, Weerapat Papanrueng
Bile cast nephropathy is characterized by the presence of bile casts associated with renal failure and/or proximal tubulopathy in cases of severe hyperbilirubinemia. The clinician should carefully examine the urine samples for characteristic bile-stained granular casts in suspected case.
May 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739088/thrombotic-microangiopathy-like-hemolysis-in-vitamin-b12-deficiency-related-macrocytic-anemia
#11
Masayoshi Yamanishi, Shigeru Koba, Takaaki Jo, Tohru Kotera, Shinsaku Imashuku
BACKGROUND: Hemolytic features in patients with pernicious anemia have not been emphasized. METHODS: Seven Japanese patients at 60 - 88 years of age with vitamin B12 deficiency-related hemolytic anemia were assessed. RESULTS: Serum vitamin B12 levels in these cases were 46 - 89 pg/mL (normal reference range: 233 - 914 pg/mL). Clinically, the patients presented with thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA)-like hemolytic features (including macrocytic anemia, schistocytes on blood smears, high serum lactate dehydrogenase, hyperbilirubinemia, and low serum haptoglobin)...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733771/phase-ib-trial-with-birabresib-a-small-molecule-inhibitor-of-bromodomain-and-extraterminal-proteins-in-patients-with-selected-advanced-solid-tumors
#12
Jeremy Lewin, Jean-Charles Soria, Anastasios Stathis, Jean-Pierre Delord, Solange Peters, Ahmad Awada, Philippe G Aftimos, Mohamed Bekradda, Keyvan Rezai, Zhen Zeng, Azher Hussain, Susan Perez, Lillian L Siu, Christophe Massard
Purpose Birabresib (MK-8628/OTX015) is a first-in-class bromodomain inhibitor with activity in select hematologic tumors. Safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics of birabresib were evaluated in patients with castrate-resistant prostate cancer, nuclear protein in testis midline carcinoma (NMC), and non-small-cell lung cancer in this phase Ib study. Patients and Methods Forty-seven patients were enrolled to receive birabresib once daily at starting doses of 80 mg continuously (cohort A) or 100 mg for 7 consecutive days (cohort B) in 21-day cycles using a parallel dose escalation 3 + 3 design...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731094/how-to-reconstruct-middle-hepatic-vein-branches-with-explanted-portal-vein-and-inferior-mesenteric-vein-graft-a-case-report
#13
S Junrungsee, W Lapisatepun, A Chotirosniramit, T Sandhu, K Udomsin, W Ko-Iam, P Chanthima, W Lapisatepun, S Boonsri, S Lorsomradee
OBJECTIVE: The middle hepatic vein reconstruction is one of the crucial parts in adult living donor liver transplantation. Numerous techniques had been reported by using cadaveric iliac vessel or synthetic graft. The limitations of reported techniques are availability of the vessel and complication of synthetic graft. We report the technique of using explanted portal vein and inferior mesenteric vein graft in sequential fashion. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The recipient was a 54-year-old man with chronic hepatitis B cirrhosis and multiple hepatocellular carcinomas...
May 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727803/synchronous-double-primary-cancers-of-the-extrahepatic-bile-duct-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Takeshi Nishi, Yoshitoshi Sato, Takuya Hanaoka, Takuya Takahashi, Hiroshi Miura, Kenji Takubo
BACKGROUND: Double cancers of the biliary tract system are rare. Most of these cancers are synchronous double cancers of the gall bladder and bile duct, associated with pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBM). Synchronous double cancers of the extrahepatic bile duct without PBM are especially rare, and only 4 cases have been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 78-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for examination of hyperbilirubinemia and liver dysfunction. Contrast-enhanced abdominal computed tomography, Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography revealed 2 stenotic regions in the common bile duct: at its junction with the cystic duct and in the distal bile duct...
April 27, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719658/occurrence-and-potential-causative-factors-of-immune-mediated-hemolytic-%C3%A2-anemia-in-cattle-and-river-buffaloes
#15
Seyedeh Missagh Jalali, Masood Ghorbanpour, Mohammad Razi Jalali, Aria Rasooli, Pegah Safaie, Farideh Norvej, Imaneh Delavari
The main objectives of this study were to determine the occurrence and potential causative factors of Immune-mediated hemolytic anemia (IMHA) in native cattle and water buffaloes from southwest of Iran. Fifty-three anemic animals (37 cattle and 16 buffaloes) were studied. A full clinical history and physical examinations were undertaken for all animals. Four clinically healthy cattle and four healthy buffaloes were also used as control animals. Blood samples were subjected to a complete blood count, Coombs' test, erythrocyte osmotic fragility test and serum biochemical analysis...
2018: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709031/gadoxetic-acid-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging-to-predict-paritaprevir-induced-hyperbilirubinemia-during-treatment-of-hepatitis-c
#16
Hironao Okubo, Hitoshi Ando, Yushi Sorin, Eisuke Nakadera, Hiroo Fukada, Junichi Morishige, Akihisa Miyazaki, Kenichi Ikejima
BACKGROUND: Paritaprevir inhibits organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP)1B1 and OATP1B3, which transport bilirubin. Hyperbilirubinemia is an adverse event reported during hepatitis C treatment. Gadoxetic acid is also transported by OATP1B1/1B3. We evaluated whether the enhancement effect in gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging could predict the plasma concentration of paritaprevir and might anticipate the development of hyperbilirubinemia. METHODS: This prospective study evaluated 27 patients with hepatitis C who underwent gadoxetic acid-enhanced MR imaging prior to treatment with ombitasvir, paritaprevir, and ritonavir...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706057/monomorphic-ventricular-tachycardia-due-to-protease-inhibitor-intoxication-by-atazanavir
#17
Byunghyun Kim, Kyung Su Kim
Atazanavir is a protease inhibitor approved for use in combination with other antiretroviral drugs for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus infection. Atazanavir and other protease inhibitors can sometimes induce corrected QT prolongation and ventricular arrhythmia. A 40-year-old man with no comorbidities, except human immunodeficiency virus 1 infection, presented with palpitations 3 days after an overdose of 150 caps of atazanavir, with suicidal intent. His initial electrocardiogram showed monomorphic ventricular tachycardia, and hyperbilirubinemia was observed in his initial blood test...
April 30, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692402/indian-childhood-cirrhosis-down-but-not-out-report-of-a-rare-case-with-a-practical-clinicopathological-diagnostic-approach
#18
K Gaur, P Sakhuja, R N Mandal, S Kapoor
Indian childhood cirrhosis is an entity believed to be on the verge of extinction. We present the case of a 13-month-old girl presenting acutely with jaundice, fever, and persistently increasing bilirubin. Investigations revealed direct hyperbilirubinemia, elevated transaminases, anemia, a blood with few schistocytes, positive direct coombs test, and deranged prothrombin time. Viral, autoimmune, and metabolic workup was unremarkable. Ultrasonography showed chronic liver disease, portal hypertension, and ascites...
April 2018: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688779/mutation-responsible-for-congenital-photosensitivity-and-hyperbilirubinemia-in-southdown-sheep
#19
Christian J Posbergh, Sara E Kalla, Nathan B Sutter, Bud C Tennant, Heather J Huson
OBJECTIVE To identify the genetic cause for congenital photosensitivity and hyperbilirubinemia (CPH) in Southdown sheep. ANIMALS 73 Southdown sheep from a CPH research flock and 48 sheep of various breeds from commercial flocks without CPH. PROCEDURES Whole-genome sequencing was performed for a phenotypically normal Southdown sheep heterozygous for CPH. Heterozygous variants within Slco1b3 coding exons were identified, and exons that contained candidate mutations were amplified by PCR assay methods for Sanger sequencing...
May 2018: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683945/ebv-related-cold-agglutinin-disease-presenting-with-conjugated-hyperbilirubinemia-a-pediatric-case-report-and-mini-review
#20
Elpis Mantadakis, Eleftherios Chatzimichael, Eftychia Kontekaki, Maria Panopoulou, Georges Martinis, Aggelos Tsalkidis
Hemolytic anemia occurs in only 1% to 3% of hospitalized patients with infectious mononucleosis. The authors describe an 8-year-old girl without cervical lymphadenopathy or splenomegaly, who presented with conjugated hyperbilirubinemia and was diagnosed with cold agglutinin disease caused by an immunoglobulin M autoantibody with anti-i specificity. Acute Epstein-Barr virus infection was confirmed by serological and molecular methods. She recovered uneventfully after a 3-week course of methylprednisolone. Epstein-Barr virus infection should be considered in any case of hemolytic anemia associated with hepatic dysfunction, especially when direct antiglobulin test is positive for C3d...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
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