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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218542/tracking-success-outputs-versus-outcomes-a-comparison-of-accredited-and-non-accredited-public-health-agencies-community-health-improvement-plan-objectives
#1
Evan K Perrault, Jill Inderstrodt-Stephens, Elizabeth A Hintz
With funding for public health initiatives declining, creating measurable objectives that are focused on tracking and changing population outcomes (i.e., knowledge, attitudes, or behaviors), instead of those that are focused on health agencies' own outputs (e.g., promoting services, developing communication messages) have seen a renewed focus. This study analyzed 4094 objectives from the Community Health Improvement Plans (CHIPs) of 280 local PHAB-accredited and non-accredited public health agencies across the United States...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216440/an-interdisciplinary-approach-to-implementing-a-best-practice-guideline-in-public-health
#2
Lisa Prowd, Denna Leach, Hazel Lynn, May Tao
This article describes how one Ontario Public Health Unit implemented a best practice guideline throughout the organization and across disciplines to achieve best practice outcomes in the delivery of client-centered care. Integration of evidence-informed practice presents challenges for both implementation and sustainability. Applying a best practice guideline in the public health setting can add to the challenge. To address this, a variety of interventions were applied: building an interdisciplinary team, adapting a Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario Best Practice Guideline to reflect public health practice for nursing and other disciplines, developing a working definition of "client," engaging staff in knowledge translation, developing policy to support practice change, and incorporating client-centered care principles into daily practice...
December 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216185/a-cyber-linked-undergraduate-research-experience-in-computational-biomolecular-structure-prediction-and-design
#3
Rebecca F Alford, Andrew Leaver-Fay, Lynda Gonzales, Erin L Dolan, Jeffrey J Gray
Computational biology is an interdisciplinary field, and many computational biology research projects involve distributed teams of scientists. To accomplish their work, these teams must overcome both disciplinary and geographic barriers. Introducing new training paradigms is one way to facilitate research progress in computational biology. Here, we describe a new undergraduate program in biomolecular structure prediction and design in which students conduct research at labs located at geographically-distributed institutions while remaining connected through an online community...
December 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214922/the-design-and-rationale-of-an-interdisciplinary-non-prescriptive-and-health-at-every-size%C3%A2-based-clinical-trial-the-health-and-wellness-in-obesity-study
#4
Mariana D Ulian, Bruno Gualano, Fabiana B Benatti, Patricia Lopes de Campos-Ferraz, Desire Coelho, Odilon J Roble, Fernanda Sabatini, Isabel Perez, Luiz Aburad, Ana Jéssica Pinto, André Vessoni, Jhessica Campos Victor, Victoria Kupper Lima, Ramiro Fernandez Unsain, Priscila de Morais Sato, Marcelo Macedo Rogero, Tatiana Natasha Toporcov, Fernanda B Scagliusi
BACKGROUND: This manuscript describes the design and rationale of a clinical trial that aims to investigate the multiple physiological, attitudinal, nutritional, and behavioral effects of a new interdisciplinary intervention based on the Health at Every Size® (HAES®) approach in obese women. METHODS: This will be a prospective, 7-month, randomized (2:1), mixed-method clinical trial. Obese women will be recruited and randomly allocated into two groups. The intervention group (I-HAES®; proposed n = 40) will undertake a novel HAES®-based intervention...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213499/an-interdisciplinary-approach-aiding-the-diagnosis-of-primary-progressive-aphasia-a-case-report
#5
Nadia Shigaeff, Mayra Zanetti, Sibelle de Almeida Tierno, Ana Beatriz Galhardi Di Tommaso, Thais Cristina Marques, Fábio Gazelato de Mello Franco
Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is one of the most common causes of early-onset dementia with primary progressive aphasia (PPA) being the second-most-frequent form of this degenerative disease. Despite the similarity with progressive dementia (especially in early stages of Alzheimer´s disease), three types of PPA can be differentiated: semantic, agrammatic and logopenic (subtype discussed in this study). To date, no medications have been shown to improve or stabilize cognitive deficits in patients with PPA. We report the case of a 62-year-old woman with difficulty naming objects and planning...
January 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212094/-readiness-to-participate-in-ambulatory-special-medical-care-asv-a-critical-appraisal-results-of-a-survey-amongst-office-based-oncologists-in-germany
#6
Robert Dengler, Thomas Walawgo, Walter Baumann, Manfred Cassens
Background Outpatient specialized care (ASV) is intended to improve interdisciplinary, transsectoral care for patients with rare or complex diseases, especially cancer. Up to now, only very few such specialized care teams have been established. The aim of our study was to evaluate the current state of information and participation as well as reasons for the reluctance of office-based hematologists and oncologists. Methods We conducted a web-based survey amongst office-based hematologists and oncologists in Germany and received responses from 145 institutions comprising more then 350 doctors working there...
December 6, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211176/the-relationship-of-climate-variables-in-the-prevalence-of-acute-respiratory-infection-in-children-under-two-years-old-in-rondon%C3%A3-polis-mt-brazil
#7
Débora Aparecida da Silva Santos, Pedro Vieira de Azevedo, Ricardo Alves de Olinda, Carlos Antonio Costa Dos Santos, Amaury de Souza, Denise Maria Sette, Patrício Marques de Souza
It is estimated that approximately 30% of childhood diseases can be attributed to environmental factors and 40% involve children under the age of five years old, representing about 10% of world population. This study aimed to analyze the relationship of climate variables in the prevalence of acute respiratory infection (ARI) in children under two years old, in Rondonopolis-MT, from 1999 to 2014. It was used a cross-sectional study with a quantitative and a descriptive approach with meteorological teaching and research data from the database from the health information system...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210750/insights-about-the-economic-impact-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-readmissions-post-implementation-of-the-hospital-readmission-reduction-program
#8
Valerie G Press, R Tamara Konetzka, Steven R White
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affects over 12 million adults in the United States and is the third leading cause of 30-day readmissions. COPD is costly with almost $50 billion in direct costs annually. Total COPD costs can be up to double the identified direct costs because of comorbid disease and numerous indirect costs such as absenteeism. Acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) are responsible for up to 70% of COPD-related healthcare costs; hospital readmissions alone account for over $15 billion annually...
November 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209341/the-challenge-of-improving-soil-fertility-in-yam-cropping-systems-of-west-africa
#9
REVIEW
Emmanuel Frossard, Beatrice A Aighewi, Sévérin Aké, Dominique Barjolle, Philipp Baumann, Thomas Bernet, Daouda Dao, Lucien N Diby, Anne Floquet, Valérie K Hgaza, Léa J Ilboudo, Delwende I Kiba, Roch L Mongbo, Hassan B Nacro, Gian L Nicolay, Esther Oka, Yabile F Ouattara, Nestor Pouya, Ravinda L Senanayake, Johan Six, Orokya I Traoré
Yam (Dioscorea spp.) is a tuber crop grown for food security, income generation, and traditional medicine. This crop has a high cultural value for some of the groups growing it. Most of the production comes from West Africa where the increased demand has been covered by enlarging cultivated surfaces while the mean yield remained around 10 t tuber ha-1. In West Africa, yam is traditionally cultivated without input as the first crop after a long-term fallow as it is considered to require a high soil fertility...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206838/implementation-of-stroke-teams-and-simulation-training-shortened-process-times-in-a-regional-stroke-network-a-network-wide-prospective-trial
#10
Damla Tahtali, Ferdinand Bohmann, Natalia Kurka, Peter Rostek, Anelia Todorova-Rudolph, Martin Buchkremer, Mario Abruscato, Ann-Kathrin Hartmetz, Andrea Kuhlmann, Christian Henke, André Stegemann, Sanjay Menon, Björn Misselwitz, Anke Reihs, Stefan Weidauer, Sven Thonke, Uta Meyding-Lamadé, Oliver Singer, Helmuth Steinmetz, Waltraud Pfeilschifter
BACKGROUND: To meet the requirements imposed by the time-dependency of acute stroke therapies, it is necessary 1) to initiate structural and cultural changes in the breadth of stroke-ready hospitals and 2) to find new ways to train the personnel treating patients with acute stroke. We aimed to implement and validate a composite intervention of a stroke team algorithm and simulation-based stroke team training as an effective quality initiative in our regional interdisciplinary neurovascular network consisting of 7 stroke units...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204950/-physiotherapy-in-pain-medicine-further-treatment-after-a-multimodal-pain-therapy-program
#11
Elisabeth Dean
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a global health challenge for both the individual patient and the healthcare community. Multimodal Pain Management, as one of the possible therapies for patients with chronic pain, provides a comprehensive tool that places equally high demands on therapists and patients and is consistently recommended. METHOD: In a monocentric cross-sectional study, patients who had previously participated in a multi-modal pain therapy program lasting several weeks were asked about the follow-up recommendations of the interdisciplinary team of the Pain Management Clinic...
December 2017: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204852/european-antibiotic-awareness-day-2017-training-the-next-generation-of-health-care-professionals-in-antibiotic-stewardship
#12
Lenneke Schrier, Adamos Hadjipanayis, Stefano Del Torso, Tom Stiris, Marieke Emonts, Hans Juergen Dornbusch
Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) aims to optimise treatment, minimise the risk of adverse effects and reduce health care costs. In addition, it is recognised as a key component to stop the current spread of antimicrobial resistance in Europe. Educational programmes are particularly important for the successful implementation of AMS. Training should start during medical school, continue during clinical training and be reinforced throughout postgraduate training. National core curricula for paediatric training should include passive and active training of competencies needed for AMS and future paediatricians should be skilled in taking leadership roles in AMS initiatives...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203574/blunt-chest-trauma-a-clinical-chameleon
#13
REVIEW
Kaveh Eghbalzadeh, Anton Sabashnikov, Mohamed Zeriouh, Yeong-Hoon Choi, Alexander C Bunck, Navid Mader, Thorsten Wahlers
The incidence of blunt chest trauma (BCT) is greater than 15% of all trauma admissions to the emergency departments worldwide and is the second leading cause of death after head injury in motor vehicle accidents. The mortality due to BCT is inhomogeneously described ranging from 9% to 60%. BCT is commonly caused by a sudden high-speed deceleration trauma to the anterior chest, leading to a compression of the thorax. All thoracic structures might be injured as a result of the trauma. Complex cardiac arrhythmia, heart murmurs, hypotension, angina-like chest pain, respiratory insufficiency or distention of the jugular veins may indicate potential cardiac injury...
December 4, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203274/the-effect-of-a-modular-education-program-for-children-with-epilepsy-and-their-parents-on-disease-management
#14
Fatma Dilek Turan Gürhopur, Ayşegül Işler Dalgiç
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Modular Education Program for Children with Epilepsy and Their Parents on disease management. The program was prepared by researchers in an interdisciplinary team. METHOD: Children with epilepsy and their parents were included in a randomized controlled study using a pre-posttest design. All participants of the modular education program (n=184 (92 children and their 92 parents')) answered a lot of scales immediately before the program...
December 1, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202154/changing-student-attitudes-toward-interprofessional-learning-and-collaboration-evidence-for-the-effectiveness-of-partnering-with-healthcare-mentors-in-the-academic-setting
#15
Robert Wellmon, Mary Baumberger-Henry, Normajean Colby, Linda Knauss, Patricia Fletcher
PURPOSE: Individuals living with chronic health conditions serving as healthcare mentors (HCM) allow the creation of high impact, authentic learning experiences. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a 6-hour curricular experience involving HCM in changing student attitudes toward interprofessional learning (IPL) and collaboration (IPC). METHODS: Thirty-eight students from clinical psychology, nursing, physical therapy, and social work programs participated in either the learning intervention (n=19) or the control group (n=19)...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198394/reestablishing-rigor-in-archaeological-parasitology
#16
REVIEW
Karl Reinhard
Archaeological parasitology originated in the mid-twentieth century with interdisciplinary teams of specialists directed by archaeologists. The goals of such studies were detailed analyses of dietary, medicinal, and environmental factors that shaped the patterns of infection. By the 1970s, a cadre of unique coprolite analysts was trained to analyze macroscopic and microscopic remains for integrated reconstructions of the cultural determinants of parasitism. During these first phases of research, diagnostic rigor was maintained by direct training of specialists in parasitology and archaeology sub-disciplines including archaeobotany and archaeopalynology...
December 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197308/dramatic-reduction-in-30-day-readmissions-through-high-risk-screening-and-two-phase-interdisciplinary-care
#17
Mabel Labrada, Michael J Mintzer, Chandana Karanam, Raquel Castellanos, Lorinda Cruz, Minh Hoang, Regina Wieger, Enrique Aguilar, Hermes Florez, Jorge G Ruiz
OBJECTIVES: Thirty-day readmissions are common, serious, and costly. Most important, often they are preventable. The purpose of this quality improvement study was to evaluate an interdisciplinary, two-phase intervention to reduce 30-day readmissions among high-risk medical patients. One or two high-risk patients were selected each weekday by a hospitalist using literature-based, locally tested criteria that included common medical illnesses, active psychiatric illness, and recent or recurrent hospital admissions...
December 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196584/family-support-during-resuscitation-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#18
Rache Marie Mureau-Haines, Mandy Boes-Rossi, Susan Christine Casperson, Basak Çoruh, Amy M Furth, Amy Haverland, Farah Herrera, Tracy Hirai-Seaton, Carol Kummet, Hkori Ngo, Stephanie Shushan, Patricia A Kritek, Sheryl A Greco
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing support for family presence during cardiopulmonary resuscitation, a review of the literature revealed no published protocols or training curricula to guide hospitals in implementing a family support provider role. OBJECTIVES: To develop a curriculum and train dedicated resuscitation team members whose role is to provide family support during in-hospital resuscitation events. METHODS: An interdisciplinary team developed a 4-hour training session for the family support staff...
December 2017: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196427/development-of-a-biological-science-quantitative-reasoning-exam-biosquare
#19
Liz Stanhope, Laura Ziegler, Tabassum Haque, Laura Le, Marcelo Vinces, Gregory K Davis, Andrew Zieffler, Peter Brodfuehrer, Marion Preest, Jason M Belitsky, Charles Umbanhowar, Paul J Overvoorde
Multiple reports highlight the increasingly quantitative nature of biological research and the need to innovate means to ensure that students acquire quantitative skills. We present a tool to support such innovation. The Biological Science Quantitative Reasoning Exam (BioSQuaRE) is an assessment instrument designed to measure the quantitative skills of undergraduate students within a biological context. The instrument was developed by an interdisciplinary team of educators and aligns with skills included in national reports such as BIO2010, Scientific Foundations for Future Physicians, and Vision and Change Undergraduate biology educators also confirmed the importance of items included in the instrument...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194170/collaborating-with-hospital-chaplains-to-meet-the-spiritual-needs-of-critical-care-patients
#20
Lisa A Ruth-Sahd, Carolanne B Hauck, Kaitlyn E Sahd-Brown
There are many opportunities for critical-care nurses to collaborate with chaplains in an effort to provide spiritual care for patients and their families. By recognizing the educational requirements as well as the unique roles of board-certified chaplains (BCCs), the critical-care nurse will view them as respected members of the health care team. This collaboration positively impacts the work environment and creates a holistic space for healing for patients, as well as the health care team. As nurses, we must educate and inform novice nurses about the important role of BCCs on the interdisciplinary health care team...
January 2018: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
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