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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337689/managing-chronic-pain-in-primary-care-it-really-does-take-a-village
#1
Karen Seal, William Becker, Jennifer Tighe, Yongmei Li, Tessa Rife
Some healthcare systems are relieving primary care providers (PCPs) of "the burden" of managing chronic pain and opioid prescribing, instead offloading chronic pain management to pain specialists. Last year the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended a biopsychosocial approach to pain management that discourages opioid use and promotes exercise therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy and non-opioid medications as first-line patient-centered, multi-modal treatments best delivered by an interdisciplinary team...
March 23, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334984/interdisciplinary-working-in-public-health-research-a-proposed-good-practice-checklist
#2
L Gavens, J Holmes, G Bühringer, J McLeod, M Neumann, A Lingford-Hughes, E S Hock, P S Meier
Background: Guidance on how different disciplines from the natural, behavioural and social sciences can collaborate to resolve complex public health problems is lacking. This article presents a checklist to support researchers and principle investigators to develop and implement interdisciplinary collaborations. Methods: Fourteen individuals, representing 10 disciplines, participated in in-depth interviews to explore the strengths and challenges of working together on an interdisciplinary project to identify the determinants of substance use and gambling disorders, and to make recommendations for future interdisciplinary teams...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333923/interdisciplinary-approach-at-the-primary-healthcare-level-for-bolivian-immigrants-with-chagas-disease-in-the-city-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo
#3
Maria Aparecida Shikanai Yasuda, Camila Gonçalves Sátolo, Noemia Barbosa Carvalho, Magda Maya Atala, Rosario Quiroga Ferrufino, Ruth Moreira Leite, Célia Regina Furucho, Expedito Luna, Rubens Antonio Silva, Marcia Hage, Caroline Medeji Ramos de Oliveira, Felipe Delatorre Busser, Vera Lucia Teixeira de Freitas, Dalva Marli Valerio Wanderley, Luzia Martinelli, Sonia Regina Almeida, Pedro Albajar Viñas, Nivaldo Carneiro
BACKGROUND/METHODS: In a pioneering cross-sectional study among Bolivian immigrants in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, the epidemiological profile, clinical manifestations and morbidity of Chagas disease were described. The feasibility of the management of Chagas disease at primary healthcare clinics using a biomedical and psychosocial interdisciplinary approach was also tested. Previously, a Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi) infection rate of 4.4% among 633 immigrants was reported. The samples were screened using two commercial enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) tests generated with epimastigote antigens, and those with discrepant or seropositive results were analyzed by confirmatory tests: indirect immunofluorescence (IFI), TESA-blot and a commercial recombinant ELISA...
March 23, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329159/concomitant-therapy-off-pump-coronary-revascularization-and-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#4
Samir Ahad, Kristina Wachter, Christian Rustenbach, Alina Stan, Stephan Hill, Tim Schäufele, Adrian Ursulescu, Ulrich F W Franke, Hardy Baumbach
OBJECTIVES: Significant coronary artery disease (CAD) is common among patients evaluated for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Only little data exist on outcome of patients undergoing concomitant off-pump coronary revascularization and TAVI. The goal of this study was to analyse the impact of concomitant off-pump revascularization on early clinical outcome and 2-year follow-up of patients undergoing TAVI. METHODS: A total of 70 patients with significant CAD and aortic valve stenosis were included between January 2011 and January 2016...
March 10, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321163/optimizing-hepatitis-c-virus-treatment-through-pharmacist-interventions-identification-and-management-of-drug-drug-interactions
#5
Jacob A Langness, Matthew Nguyen, Amanda Wieland, Gregory T Everson, Jennifer J Kiser
AIM: To quantify drug-drug-interactions (DDIs) encountered in patients prescribed hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment, the interventions made, and the time spent in this process. METHODS: As standard of care, a clinical pharmacist screened for DDIs in patients prescribed direct acting antiviral (DAA) HCV treatment between November 2013 and July 2015 at the University of Colorado Hepatology Clinic. HCV regimens prescribed included ledipasvir/sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF), paritaprevir/ritonavir/ombitasvir/dasabuvir (OBV/PTV/r + DSV), simeprevir/sofosbuvir (SIM/SOF), and sofosbuvir/ribavirin (SOF/RBV)...
March 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320372/effects-of-interdisciplinary-teamwork-on-patient-reported-experience-of-cancer-care
#6
Dominique Tremblay, Danièle Roberge, Nassera Touati, Elizabeth Maunsell, Djamal Berbiche
BACKGROUND: Interdisciplinary teamwork (ITW) is deemed necessary for quality cancer care practices. Nevertheless, variation in ITW intensity among cancer teams is understudied, and quantitative evidence of the effect of different ITW intensities among cancer teams on patients' perceived experience of care is limited. This study aims to compare patient-reported experience measures (PREMs) of cancer outpatients followed by teams characterized by high vs. low ITW intensity. METHODS: The study is designed as an ex post facto quasi-experimental study...
March 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306663/using-smartphones-to-improve-interdisciplinary-collaboration
#7
Durline Brown-Manhertz
Most individuals in the United States have access to and use smartphones to facilitate effective collaboration. Health information technology is invaluable to the improvement of collaboration and communication in the healthcare setting. The versatile nature of technology has demonstrated that healthcare professionals are dependent on its use. Smartphones play a key role in keeping interdisciplinary team members connected.
April 16, 2017: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301886/geburtshilfe-hypertensive-erkrankungen-in-der-schwangerschaft
#8
Bigna S Buddeberg, Thierry Girard
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are one of the most common complications in pregnancy. They are associated with a high maternal, fetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. 99 % of all maternal deaths occur in developing countries, but we should not forget that even in highly developed countries mothers still die from the complications of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. This term encompasses chronic hypertension as well as pregnancy specific disorders such as gestational hypertension and preeclampsia...
March 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300737/setting-up-of-a-cerebral-visual-impairment-clinic-for-children-challenges-and-future-developments
#9
Swetha Sara Philip
AIM: The aim of this study is to describe the setting up of a cerebral visual impairment (CVI) clinic in a tertiary care hospital in South India and to describe the spectrum of cases seen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CVI clinic, set up in February 2011, receives interdisciplinary input from a core team involving a pediatrician, neurologist, psychiatrist, occupational therapist, pediatric ophthalmologist, and an optometrist. All children, <18 years of age, with cerebral palsy (CP), learning disability, autism, neurodegenerative diseases, and brain trauma are referred to the clinic for functional vision assessment and opinion for further management...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292507/opioid-exit-plan-a-pharmacist-s-role-in-managing-acute-postoperative-pain
#10
Cheryl Genord, Timothy Frost, Deeb Eid
OBJECTIVES: The benefits of a pharmacist's involvement in medication reconciliation and discharge counseling are well documented in the literature as improving patient outcomes. In contrast, no studies have focused on the initiation of a pharmacist-led opioid exit plan (OEP) for acute postoperative pain management. This paper summarizes a pharmacist-led OEP practice model and the potential role that pharmacists and student pharmacists can have at the point of admission, during postoperative recovery, and on discharge in acute pain management patients...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289788/-failure-of-a%C3%A2-study-in-forensic-psychiatric-hospitals-clinical-trial-to-investigate-the-additive-effect-of-triptorelin-on-the-efficacy-of-psychotherapy
#11
Peer Briken, Jürgen L Müller, Wolfgang Berner, Rolf-Hasso Bödeker, Jochen Vollmann, Christian Kasperk, Matthias Koller
BACKGROUND: A testosterone-lowering medication is relatively commonly used as a form of treatment for sexual offenders with severe paraphilic disorders in German forensic psychiatric hospitals; however, a double-blind, controlled and randomized study, which investigates the efficacy of this medication, is still lacking. AIM: This article describes the process from the planning to the rejection of a clinical trial over the period from 2009 to 2015. METHODS AND RESULTS: Despite the careful planning with an interdisciplinary team and giving special consideration to the complex legal situation, the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM) rejected the proposed trial in a brief formal letter with reference to the German Drug Law (§ 40 para...
March 13, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288678/mobile-technology-intervention-to-improve-care-coordination-between-hiv-and-substance-use-treatment-providers-development-training-and-evaluation-protocol
#12
Kasey Claborn, Sara Becker, Susan Ramsey, Josiah Rich, Peter D Friedmann
BACKGROUND: People living with HIV (PLWH) with a substance use disorder (SUD) tend to receive inadequate medical care in part because of a siloed healthcare system in which HIV and substance use services are delivered separately. Ideal treatment requires an interdisciplinary, team-based coordinated care approach, but many structural and systemic barriers impede the integration of HIV and SUD services. The current protocol describes the development and preliminary evaluation of a care coordination intervention (CCI), consisting of a tablet-based mobile platform for HIV and SUD treatment providers, an interagency communication protocol, and a training protocol...
March 14, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287837/scientific-training-in-the-era-of-big-data-a-new-pedagogy-for-graduate-education
#13
Jay Aikat, Thomas M Carsey, Karamarie Fecho, Kevin Jeffay, Ashok Krishnamurthy, Peter J Mucha, Arcot Rajasekar, Stanley C Ahalt
The era of "big data" has radically altered the way scientific research is conducted and new knowledge is discovered. Indeed, the scientific method is rapidly being complemented and even replaced in some fields by data-driven approaches to knowledge discovery. This paradigm shift is sometimes referred to as the "fourth paradigm" of data-intensive and data-enabled scientific discovery. Interdisciplinary research with a hard emphasis on translational outcomes is becoming the norm in all large-scale scientific endeavors...
March 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286528/evaluation-of-a-pilot-project-to-introduce-simulation-based-team-training-to-pediatric-surgery-trauma-room-care
#14
Markus Lehner, Ellen Heimberg, Florian Hoffmann, Oliver Heinzel, Hans-Joachim Kirschner, Martina Heinrich
Introduction. Several studies in pediatric trauma care have demonstrated substantial deficits in both prehospital and emergency department management. Methods. In February 2015 the PAEDSIM collaborative conducted a one and a half day interdisciplinary, simulation based team-training course in a simulated pediatric emergency department. 14 physicians from the medical fields of pediatric surgery, pediatric intensive care and emergency medicine, and anesthesia participated, as well as four pediatric nurses. After a theoretical introduction and familiarization with the simulator, course attendees alternately participated in six simulation scenarios and debriefings...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284259/improved-latent-tuberculosis-therapy-completion-rates-in-refugee-patients-through-use-of-a-clinical-pharmacist
#15
K L Carter, A D Gabrellas, S Shah, J M Garland
SETTING: Primary care clinic for refugees, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a clinical pharmacist-run clinic for latent tuberculous infection (LTBI) on LTBI treatment completion rates in refugee patients. DESIGN: In 2012, a pharmacist-run LTBI clinic was established to improve adherence and completion rates among refugees. Before 2012, LTBI treatment completion rates were less than 30%. A structured model was developed to efficiently track patients and ensure completion within specified time ranges...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284208/violent-victimization-and-health-service-utilization-in-a-forensic-psychiatric-context-a-comparison-between-offenders-with-mental-disorders-and-matched-controls
#16
Mats Persson, Henrik Belfrage, Marianne Kristiansson
BACKGROUND: Offenders with mental disorders constitute a particularly exposed group in society, with high rates of morbidity, mortality, and social deprivation. Often thought of primarily as perpetrators, these individuals may also be subjected to violence. Previous research indicates that violent victimization during lifespan is a risk factor for violent perpetration among psychiatric patients, but victimization studies on the group of offenders with mental disorders are scarce. Health services are pivotal to this group, but although most individuals do utilize these services, their vulnerability seems to remain...
March 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283833/managing-difficult-patients-roles-of-psychologists-in-the-age-of-interdisciplinary-care
#17
William N Robiner, Megan L Petrik
Various problems can occur during encounters between health providers and patients. In some instances, clinicians attribute these problems to patients being "difficult." However, clinicians' perception of difficulties in the clinical encounter are also influenced by: clinicians' own attitudes, thoughts, and behavior; the specific setting in which patient and clinician interact; and properties of the healthcare organization in which they are embedded. This article explores how psychologists in medical settings can serve as a resource that: improves patient care for difficult patients; supports provider wellness; provides relevant education to clinical providers; and reduces the stress that difficult patients place on the healthcare system...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272590/all-together-now-impact-of-a-regionalization-and-bedside-rounding-initiative-on-the-efficiency-and-inclusiveness-of-clinical-rounds
#18
Kristin T L Huang, Jacquelyn Minahan, Patricia Brita-Rossi, Patricia Aylward, Joel T Katz, Christopher Roy, Jeffrey L Schnipper, Robert Boxer
BACKGROUND: Attending rounds at academic medical centers are often disconnected from patients and team members who are not physicians. Regionalization of care teams may facilitate bedside rounding and more frequent interactions among doctors, nurses, and patients. OBJECTIVE: We used time-motion analysis to investigate how regionalization of medical teams and encouragement of bedside rounds affect participants on rounds and rounding time. DESIGN AND SETTING: We used pre-post analysis to study the effects of care redesign on teams' daily rounds on a general medicine service at an academic medical center...
March 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272588/the-impact-of-bedside-interdisciplinary-rounds-on-length-of-stay-and-complications
#19
Andrew S Dunn, Maria Reyna, Brian Radbill, Michael Parides, Claudia Colgan, Tobi Osio, Ari Benson, Nicole Brown, Joy Cambe, Margo Zwerling, Natalia Egorova, Harold Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Communication among team members within hospitals is typically fragmented. Bedside interdisciplinary rounds (IDR) have the potential to improve communication and outcomes through enhanced structure and patient engagement. OBJECTIVE: To decrease length of stay (LOS) and complications through the transformation of daily IDR to a bedside model. DESIGN: Controlled trial. SETTING: 2 geographic areas of a medical unit using a clinical microsystem structure...
March 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272294/use-of-high-fidelity-simulation-to-enhance-interdisciplinary-collaboration-and-reduce-patient-falls
#20
April A Bursiek, Matthew R Hopkins, Daniel M Breitkopf, Pamela L Grubbs, Mary Ellen Joswiak, Janee M Klipfel, Kristine M Johnson
OBJECTIVES: This pilot study aimed to determine the effect of nurse/physician interdisciplinary team training on patient falls. Specifically, we evaluated team training in a simulation center as a method for targeting and minimizing breakdowns in perceptions of respect, collaboration, communication, and role misunderstanding behaviors between care disciplines. METHODS: Registered nurses (RNs) were randomly assigned to participate. Residents were divided into groups and assigned based on their availability and clinical responsibility...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
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