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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805455/the-effect-of-a-peer-support-intervention-on-early-recovery-outcomes-in-men-recovering-from-coronary-bypass-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Tracey Jf Colella, Kathryn King-Shier
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Examine the effect of a professionally-guided telephone peer support intervention on recovery outcomes including depression, perceived social support, and health services utilization after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with post-coronary artery bypass graft surgery men ( N=185) who were randomized before hospital discharge. The intervention arm received telephone-based peer support through weekly telephone calls from a peer volunteer over six weeks, initiated within 3-4 days of discharge...
August 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797830/reduced-severity-of-lumbo-pelvic-hip-injuries-in-professional-rugby-union-players-following-tailored-preventative-programmes
#2
Kate L Evans, Jonathan Hughes, Morgan D Williams
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to tailor lumbo-pelvic-hip (LPH) injury reduction programmes in professional rugby union players based on screening data and examine its effectiveness. DESIGN: Prospective case controlled study. METHODS: Twenty-eight professional rugby union players were screened pre- and immediately post- the YO-YO intermittent recovery level 1 test using six hip and groin strength tests (adductor squeeze at 0°, 60° and 90°, prone hip extension, abductor, adductor hand held dynamometry)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797822/mental-health-nurses-emotions-exposure-to-patient-aggression-attitudes-to-and-use-of-coercive-measures-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#3
Rahul Jalil, Jorg W Huber, Judith Sixsmith, Geoffrey L Dickens
BACKGROUND: Mental health nurses are exposed to patient aggression, and required to manage and de-escalate aggressive incidents; coercive measures such as restraint and seclusion should only be used as a last resort. An improved understanding of links between nurses' exposure to aggression, attitudes to, and actual involvement in, coercive measures, and their emotions (anger, guilt, fear, fatigue, sadness), could inform preparation and education for prevention and management of violence...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796810/the-association-of-post-discharge-adverse-events-with-timely-follow-up-visits-after-hospital-discharge
#4
Dennis Tsilimingras, Samiran Ghosh, Ashley Duke, Liying Zhang, Henry Carretta, Jeffrey Schnipper
OBJECTIVE: There has been little research to examine the association of post-discharge adverse events (AEs) with timely follow-up visits after hospital discharge. We aimed to examine whether having a timely follow-up outpatient visit would reduce the risk for post-discharge AEs. METHODS: This was a methods study of patients at risk for post-discharge AEs from December 2011 through October 2012. Five hundred and forty-five patients who were under the care of hospitalist physicians and were discharged home from a community hospital, spoke English, and could be contacted after discharge were evaluated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796030/the-renoprotective-effects-of-simvastatin-and-atorvastatin-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-an-observational-study
#5
Huan Ma, Yong Liu, Haixia Xie, Guolin Zhang, Huimin Zhan, Zhi Liu, Ping Wang, Qingshan Geng, Lan Guo
Some statins, such as atorvastatin, have proven renoprotective effects. The comparative renoprotective potential of simvastatin is less clear. This study aimed to compare the renoprotective effects of simvastatin with atorvastatin in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This observational study examined the medical records of 271 patients who were treated at the Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute from April 2004 to February 2008. Patients had received either 40 mg simvastatin (n = 128) or 20 mg atorvastatin (n = 143), daily, for a period of at least 6 months following PCI...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793872/improving-art-programme-retention-and-viral-suppression-are-key-to-maximising-impact-of-treatment-as-prevention-a-modelling-study
#6
Nicky McCreesh, Ioannis Andrianakis, Rebecca N Nsubuga, Mark Strong, Ian Vernon, Trevelyan J McKinley, Jeremy E Oakley, Michael Goldstein, Richard Hayes, Richard G White
BACKGROUND: UNAIDS calls for fewer than 500,000 new HIV infections/year by 2020, with treatment-as-prevention being a key part of their strategy for achieving the target. A better understanding of the contribution to transmission of people at different stages of the care pathway can help focus intervention services at populations where they may have the greatest effect. We investigate this using Uganda as a case study. METHODS: An individual-based HIV/ART model was fitted using history matching...
August 9, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791982/health-education-effect-on-knowledge-and-practice-of-workplace-personal-hygiene-and-protective-measures-among-woodworkers-in-enugu-nigeria
#7
L Ezeugwu, E N Aguwa, S U Arinze-Onyia, T A Okeke
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing incidence of occupational diseases among woodworkers due to exposure to preventable hazards in the workplace. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of health education on the knowledge and practice of workplace hygiene and protective measures among woodworkers in Enugu timber market. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a before and after study conducted among 290 woodworkers using interviewer administered semi-structured questionnaire and manual on workplace hazards prevention...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789708/effectiveness-of-person-and-family-centered-care-transition-interventions-a-systematic-review-protocol
#8
Chantal Backman, Julie Chartrand, Orvie Dingwall, Beverley Shea
BACKGROUND: Care transitions from the hospital to home are critical to the sustainability of our health care system. Ineffective care transitions can be caused by high incidences of post-discharge adverse events, by poor communication with patients, and/or by inadequate information transfer between providers from the hospital to home. Any one of these can lead to fragmented care, high readmission rates, increased visits to the emergency department, and ultimately poor patient outcomes...
August 8, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782136/a-multi-faceted-intervention-to-reduce-alcohol-misuse-and-harm-amongst-sports-people-in-ireland-a-controlled-trial
#9
Anne O'Farrell, Melanie Kingsland, Susan Kenny, Nazih Eldin, John Wiggers, Luke Wolfenden, Shane Allwright
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Alcohol misuse and harm are more prevalent amongst sports people than non-sports people. Few studies have trialled interventions to address alcohol misuse for this group. The study aimed to test the effectiveness of an intervention to reduce alcohol misuse and related harms amongst amateur sports people in Ireland. DESIGN AND METHODS: A controlled trial was conducted in two counties in Ireland. A random selection of sports clubs in one county received a 4 month multi-faceted intervention...
August 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782096/the-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-volleyball-the-systematic-development-of-an-intervention-and-its-feasibility
#10
Vincent Gouttebarge, Marije van Sluis, Evert Verhagen, Johannes Zwerver
BACKGROUND: A scientific research project has started in the Netherlands with the aim of developing and implementing an evidence-based intervention to prevent the occurrence of musculoskeletal injuries among young and adult recreational volleyball players. This article describes (i) the systematic development of the intervention; and (ii) the assessment of its feasibility in terms of relevancy, suitability and usability. SYSTEMATIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERVENTION: The development of the intervention was based on the Intervention Mapping structured and systematic process...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781240/outcomes-in-patients-with-contained-ruptures-of-the-aortic-annulus-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-with-balloon-expandable-devices
#11
Philipp Breitbart, Jan Minners, Gregor Pache, Jochen Reinöhl, Nicolaj Christopher Hansson, Bjarne L Nørgaard, Franz-Josef Neumann, Philipp Ruile
AIMS: To evaluate incidence and long-term outcomes of patients with contained ruptures of the aortic annulus (CR) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). METHODS AND RESULTS: From May 2012 to June 2017 a total of 1030 patients underwent post- TAVI computed tomography angiography (CTA) at three centers in Germany and Denmark. CR were identified in 12 patients (1.2%, 80.7+5.0 years, STS-Score 4.1+1.4%). All 12 patients had received a balloon-expandable valve...
August 8, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770322/metformin-for-diabetes-prevention-insights-gained-from-the-diabetes-prevention-program-diabetes-prevention-program-outcomes-study
#12
REVIEW
Vanita R Aroda, William C Knowler, Jill P Crandall, Leigh Perreault, Sharon L Edelstein, Susan L Jeffries, Mark E Molitch, Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Christine Darwin, Brandy M Heckman-Stoddard, Marinella Temprosa, Steven E Kahn, David M Nathan
The largest and longest clinical trial of metformin for the prevention of diabetes is the Diabetes Prevention Program/Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study (DPP/DPPOS). In this review, we summarise data from the DPP/DPPOS, focusing on metformin for diabetes prevention, as well as its long-term glycaemic and cardiometabolic effects and safety in people at high-risk of developing diabetes. The DPP (1996-2001) was a RCT of 3234 adults who, at baseline, were at high-risk of developing diabetes. Participants were assigned to masked placebo (n = 1082) or metformin (n = 1073) 850 mg twice daily, or intensive lifestyle intervention (n = 1079)...
August 2, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766879/bivalirudin-in-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-chronic-total-occlusion-a-single-center-pilot-study
#13
Chenguang Li, Rende Xu, Yi Shen, Yuxiang Dai, Feng Zhang, Jianying Ma, Lei Ge, Juying Qian, Junbo Ge
BACKGROUND: Bivalirudin has been reported to be an alternative to unfractionated heparin (UFH) for anticoagulation during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and associated with less bleeding risk. However, the feasibility of bivalirudin during PCI of chronic total occlusion lesions (CTO) remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of bivalirudin versus UFH in CTO PCI. METHODS: In this prospective and randomized controlled trial in single center, CTO patients with high bleeding risk were randomized to treatment with bivalirudin (bolus 0...
August 2, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766247/cigarette-smoking-diabetes-and-diabetes-complications-call-for-urgent-action
#14
REVIEW
Ping Zhu, Xiong-Fei Pan, Liting Sheng, Henggui Chen, An Pan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aimed to examine the latest evidence linking cigarette smoking and cessation to risk of incident diabetes and its complications. RECENT FINDINGS: Abundant evidence has demonstrated that smoking is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease among diabetic patients, while its relationship with microvascular complications is more limited to diabetic nephropathy and neuropathy in type 1 diabetes. In addition, diabetes risk remains high in the short term after smoking cessation, while it reduces gradually in the long term...
September 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764269/analysis-of-clinical-indicators-of-quality-in-patients-with-endotracheal-intubation
#15
Sulochana Dash, Sreelatha Balasubramanian
INTRODUCTION: Quality and safety in anaesthesia is usually monitored by analysis of perioperative mortality-morbidity and are influenced by anaesthetic and non-anaesthetic factors. AIM: This study was conducted to analyse the incidence of clinical indicators of quality in endotracheally intubated patients undergoing general abdominal surgeries and obstetric and gynaecological procedures under general anaesthesia and to determine contributing factors for the same...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762609/postural-change-in-convulsive-seizures-a-retrospective-review-of-video-eeg-recordings
#16
Jane Rigg, Kimberley Irwin, Fred Tremayne, David Reutens
OBJECTIVES: Prone position has been identified as an important risk factor for Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP) raising the possibility of avoidance of this posture in sleep as a preventative measure. To evaluate the potential utility of such postural measures, we studied patterns of postural change during generalised tonic clonic seizures (GTCSs). METHODS: Video electroencephalographic (video-EEG) recordings for patients undergoing investigations at the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital between 2005 and 2013 were reviewed independently by two raters...
August 1, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760011/boredom-in-patients-with-acquired-brain-injuries-during-inpatient-rehabilitation-a-scoping-review
#17
Katrina Kenah, Julie Bernhardt, Toby Cumming, Neil Spratt, Julie Luker, Heidi Janssen
PURPOSE: Boredom may impede engagement in inpatient rehabilitation following an acquired brain injury. This review aimed to: (1) describe the experience and (2) quantify the incidence of boredom; (3) identify measurement tools used to quantify boredom; (4) summarize factors contributing to boredom, and (5) outline evidence-based interventions shown to reduce boredom during inpatient rehabilitation. METHODS: Two researchers independently screened publications retrieved from electronic database searches...
August 1, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759158/no-sting-barrier-film-to-protect-skin-in-adult-patients-findings-from-a-scoping-review-with-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#18
Chiara Micheli, Alvisa Palese, Federica Canzan, Elisa Ambrosi
BACKGROUND: In the industrialized world, approximately 1-1.5% of the population has received treatments for skin lesions. In the 1990s, a polymeric barrier film called the No Sting Barrier Film (NSBF) was developed as an alternative to petrolatum-based ointments and zinc oxide formulas. To date, few studies have explored the effectiveness of NSBF in protecting skin integrity. AIMS: To map the methods, fields and outcomes used to produce evidence on NSBF effectiveness...
July 31, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757032/incidence-of-postoperative-implant-related-bacterial-endocarditis-in-dogs-that-underwent-trans-catheter-embolization-of-a-patent-ductus-arteriosus-without-intra-and-post-procedural-prophylactic-antibiotics
#19
Viktor Szatmári
Intra- and post-procedural prophylactic antibiotics are routinely administered by veterinary cardiologists to dogs that undergo trans-catheter embolization of a patent ductus arteriosus for prevention of implant-related infective endocarditis. The hypothesis of our study was that primary antibiotic prophylaxis is not necessary to prevent bacterial endocarditis. In this retrospective case series 54 client-owned dogs that underwent trans-catheter occlusion of a patent ductus arteriosus in a single tertiary veterinary referral center between 2004 and 2016 were evaluated...
August 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753697/post-polypectomy-bleeding-in-the-english-national-health-service-bowel-cancer-screening-programme
#20
Edmund Derbyshire, Pali Hungin, Claire Nickerson, Matthew D Rutter
Background and study aims Colonoscopic polypectomy reduces colorectal cancer incidence, but is associated with complications including post-polypectomy bleeding (PPB). PPB ranges in severity from minor to life-threatening, making interpretation and comparison difficult. No previous studies have examined PPB rate according to a standardized severity grading system. We aimed to determine the PPB rate stratified by severity grading, explore factors that contribute to PPB severity grading, and describe PPB management...
July 28, 2017: Endoscopy
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