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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918336/resident-physicians-improve-nontechnical-skills-when-on-operating-room-management-and-leadership-rotation
#1
Devon C Cole, Christopher R Giordano, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Brenda G Fahy
BACKGROUND: Anesthesiology residency primarily emphasizes the development of medical knowledge and technical skills. Yet, nontechnical skills (NTS) are also vital to successful clinical practice. Elements of NTS are communication, teamwork, situational awareness, and decision making. METHODS: The first 10 consecutive senior residents who chose to participate in this 2-week elective rotation of operating room (OR) management and leadership training were enrolled in this study, which spanned from March 2013 to March 2015...
December 1, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866856/free-tissue-transfer-in-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease-considerations-for-multi-disciplinary-peri-operative-management
#2
REVIEW
Lilli Cooper, Rohit Seth, Elizabeth Rhodes, Mohammed Alousi, Bran Sivakumar
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an increasingly common condition in the UK. The safety of free tissue transfer in these patients is controversial, and no specific guidelines exist. The aim of this paper is to create recommendations for the plastic surgical multidisciplinary team for use in the assessment and management of SCD patients undergoing free tissue transfer and reconstruction. METHOD: A literature review was performed in PubMed of 'sickle [TiAb] AND plast* adj3 surg*...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804116/the-impact-of-critical-event-checklists-on-medical-management-and-teamwork-during-simulated-crises-in-a-surgical-daycare-facility
#3
T C Everett, P J Morgan, R Brydges, M Kurrek, D Tregunno, L Cunningham, A Chan, D Forde, J Tarshis
Although the incidence of major adverse events in surgical daycare centres is low, these critical events may not be managed optimally due to the absence of resources that exist in larger hospitals. We aimed to study the impact of operating theatre critical event checklists on medical management and teamwork during whole-team operating theatre crisis simulations staged in a surgical daycare facility. We studied 56 simulation encounters (without and with a checklist available) divided between an initial session and then a retention session several months later...
November 2, 2016: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782914/interprofessional-team-training-at-the-prelicensure-level-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
Sioban Nelson, Catriona F White, Brian D Hodges, Maria Tassone
PURPOSE: The authors undertook a descriptive analysis review to gain a better understanding of the various approaches to and outcomes of team training initiatives in prelicensure curricula since 2000. METHOD: In July and August 2014, the authors searched the MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, Business Source Premier, and CINAHL databases to identify evaluative studies of team training programs' effects on the team knowledge, communication, and skills of prelicensure students published from 2000 to August 2014...
October 25, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762469/medical-emergency-team-may-reduce-obstetric-intensive-care-unit-admissions
#5
Moon Seong Baek, Jeongsuk Son, Jin Won Huh, Chae-Man Lim, Younsuck Koh, Hye-Sung Won, Jae-Yoon Shim, Sang-Bum Hong
AIM: Some recent studies have reported that early intervention by a medical emergency team (MET) for clinical deterioration before intensive care unit (ICU) admission was associated with a survival benefit in critically ill cancer patients. We hypothesized that early MET intervention for an obstetric crisis in the general wards would be related to favorable outcomes in critically ill obstetric patients. METHODS: Data of obstetric patients who were managed by a MET were collected retrospectively from 1 March 2008 to 30 April 2015...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754160/pl-03-1-hypertension-management-in-the-era-of-digital-information-and-communication-technologies
#6
Steven Steinhubl
Despite having the basic tools necessary to appropriately identify and manage individuals with hypertension for over half a century it remains the single greatest contributing risk factor to morbidity and mortality worldwide today. Since diagnosis and effective treatment availability are not issues, this major failing in care can be attributed to inadequate systems of care: systems that have led to only <20% of hypertensive individuals globally having their blood pressure adequately controlled. Even in the US, where it is one of the most common reasons for a primary care visit, and with over $42...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741069/implementation-of-a-2-day-simulation-based-course-to-prepare-medical-graduates-on-their-first-year-of-residency
#7
Isabelle Bragard, Marie-Christine Seghaye, Nesrine Farhat, Marie Solowianiuk, Mariane Saliba, Anne-Marie Etienne, Katharina Schumacher
OBJECTIVES: Residents beginning their specialization in pediatrics and emergency medicine (EM) are rapidly involved in oncall duties. Early acquisition of crisis resource management by novice residents is essential for patient safety, but traditional training may be insufficient. Our aim was to investigate the impact of a 2-day simulation-based course on residents to manage pediatric and neonatal patients. METHODS: First year residents participated in the course...
October 6, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733928/health-and-rescue-services-management-system-during-a-crisis-event
#8
Efthyvoulos Kyriacou, Iolie Nicolaidou, George Hadjichristofi, Stelios Kyprianou, Synesios Christou, Riana Constantinou
Τhe performance of rescuers and personnel handling major emergencies or crisis events can be significantly improved through continuous training and through technology support. The work done in order to create a system has been discussed which can support both resources and victims during a crisis or major emergency event. More specifically, the system supports real-time management of firefighter teams, rescue teams, health services, and victims during a major disaster. It can be deployed in an ad hoc manner in the disaster area, as a stand-alone infrastructure (using its own telecommunications and power)...
September 2016: Healthcare Technology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695739/enabling-science-support-for-better-decision-making-when-responding-to-chemical-spills
#9
Jennifer L Weidhaas, Andrea M Dietrich, Nathan J DeYonker, R Ryan Dupont, William T Foreman, Daniel Gallagher, Jennifer E G Gallagher, Andrew J Whelton, William A Alexander
Chemical spills and accidents contaminate the environment and disrupt societies and economies around the globe. In the United States there were approximately 172,000 chemical spills that affected US waterbodies from 2004 to 2014. More than 8000 of these spills involved non-petroleum-related chemicals. Traditional emergency responses or incident command structures (ICSs) that respond to chemical spills require coordinated efforts by predominantly government personnel from multiple disciplines, including disaster management, public health, and environmental protection...
September 2016: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644045/standardizing-management-of-adults-with-delirium-hospitalized-on-medical-surgical-units
#10
Clay Angel, Kristen Brooks, Julie Fourie
CONTEXT: Delirium is common among inpatients aged 65 years and older and is associated with multiple adverse consequences, including increased length of stay (LOS). However, delirium is frequently unrecognized and poorly understood. At one hospital, baseline management of delirium on medical-surgical units varied greatly, and psychiatric consultations focused exclusively on crisis management. OBJECTIVE: To implement a multidisciplinary program for rapid identification and proactive management of patients with delirium on medical-surgical units...
2016: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643115/pl-03-1-hypertension-management-in-the-era-of-digital-information-and-communication-technologies
#11
Steven Steinhubl
Despite having the basic tools necessary to appropriately identify and manage individuals with hypertension for over half a century it remains the single greatest contributing risk factor to morbidity and mortality worldwide today. Since diagnosis and effective treatment availability are not issues, this major failing in care can be attributed to inadequate systems of care: systems that have led to only <20% of hypertensive individuals globally having their blood pressure adequately controlled. Even in the US, where it is one of the most common reasons for a primary care visit, and with over $42...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622147/using-simulation-to-train-orthopaedic-trainees-in-non-technical-skills-a-pilot-study
#12
Samuel R Heaton, Zoe Little, Kash Akhtar, Manoj Ramachandran, Joshua Lee
AIM: To enhance non-technical skills and to analyse participant's experience of a course tailored for orthopaedic surgeons. METHODS: A Delphi technique was used to develop a course in human factors specific to orthopaedic residents. Twenty-six residents (six per course) participated in total with seven course facilitators all trained in Crisis Resource Management providing structured feedback. Six scenarios recreated challenging real-life situations using high-fidelity mannequins and simulated patients...
August 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570163/experience-with-the-cardiac-surgery-simulation-curriculum-results-of-the-resident-and-faculty-survey
#13
Nahush A Mokadam, James I Fann, George L Hicks, Jonathan C Nesbitt, Harold M Burkhart, John V Conte, Daniel N Coore, Paul S Ramphal, K Robert Shen, Jennifer D Walker, Richard H Feins
BACKGROUND: The Cardiac Surgery Simulation Curriculum was developed at 8 institutions from 2010 to 2013. A total of 27 residents were trained by 18 faculty members. A survey was conducted to gain insight into the initial experience. METHODS: Residents and faculty were sent a 72- and 68-question survey, respectively. In addition to demographic information, participants reported their view of the overall impact of the curriculum. Focused investigation into each of the 6 modules was obtained...
August 20, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565171/team-working-in-airway-crisis-role-of-operating-department-practitioner-in-management-of-failed-intubations
#14
EDITORIAL
D Howarth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560916/-the-allergic-child-at-school-what-do-we-need-to-know
#15
Marilyn Urrutia-Pereira, Dirceu Solé
Allergy is a multisystem disease in children that often occurs with the coexistence of diverse clinical manifestations that cause great impact on quality of life and academic performance due to sleep disorders arising from the disease or treatment, and absenteeism that children may experience. Because of the time spent in school, there is a possibility that allergic reactions may occur first in these facilities, where a lack of staff knowledge has been found regarding how to proceed in allergy crisis situations...
July 2016: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516788/electrical-failure-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass-a-critical-moment
#16
Ahmet Baris Durukan, Hasan Alper Gurbuz, Gokhan Ozcelik, Cem Yorgancioglu
Electrical failure during cardiopulmonary bypass is a crisis situation for the cardiac surgical team. Fortunately, it has a low incidence with low morbidity and mortality rates. Notwithstanding, institutional preventative and management measures should be taken. Here, we report a case of electrical failure during cardiopulmonary bypass, which was successfully managed during the surgery, allowing the patient to recover uneventfully. These unwanted complications can only be managed by promoting awareness and putting in place strategies against them...
June 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485431/interprofessional-and-interdisciplinary-simulation-based-training-leads-to-safe-sedation-procedures-in-the-emergency-department
#17
Thomas C Sauter, Wolf E Hautz, Simone Hostettler, Monika Brodmann-Maeder, Luca Martinolli, Beat Lehmann, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos, Dominik G Haider
BACKGROUND: Sedation is a procedure required for many interventions in the Emergency department (ED) such as reductions, surgical procedures or cardioversions. However, especially under emergency conditions with high risk patients and rapidly changing interdisciplinary and interprofessional teams, the procedure caries important risks. It is thus vital but difficult to implement a standard operating procedure for sedation procedures in any ED. Reports on both, implementation strategies as well as their success are currently lacking...
2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440673/the-vortex-a-universal-high-acuity-implementation-tool-for-emergency-airway-management
#18
N Chrimes
Factors influencing performance during emergency airway management can be broadly divided into issues with preparation and those with implementation. Effective design of resources that provide guidance on management requires consideration of the context in which they are to be used. Many of the major airway guidelines do not specify whether they are intended to be used during preparation or implementation and may not take the context for use into account in their design. This can produce tools which may be not only ineffective but actively disruptive to team function in an emergency...
September 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437526/assessing-and-planning-health-actions-during-a-crisis
#19
REVIEW
Selim Suner
Initial stage of a disaster is managed with existing resources. The following stages of disaster response often involve assistance from outside of the disaster zone. This may consist of mutual aid from neighboring communities for small-scale incidents but in major disasters, the response is from federal or international agencies or often both. Rapid needs assessment after an incident is a collaborative effort between responding agencies and local emergency preparedness and health authorities. Ideally, a team from responding agencies with intimate knowledge and experience regarding the capabilities and assets of the responding entity along with local authorities, with decision making capacity, who have knowledge of the community, the limitations of the responding agencies and can obtain near real-time information about the incident and subject matter experts (engineering, medical, law enforcement, etc...
October 2015: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422014/structures-and-processes-necessary-for-providing-effective-home-treatment-to-severely-mentally-ill-persons-a-naturalistic-study
#20
E Bauer, K Kleine-Budde, C Stegbauer, P Kaufmann-Kolle, K Goetz, B Bestmann, J Szecsenyi, A Bramesfeld
BACKGROUND: Home treatment for severely mentally ill persons is becoming increasingly popular. This research aims to identify structures and processes in home treatment that impact on patient-related outcomes. METHODS: We analysed 17 networks that provide home treatment to severely mentally ill persons using a naturalistic approach. The networks were similar with regard to central components of home treatment such as case management, 24 h crisis hotline and home visits, but differed in all other aspects such as the multidisciplinary teams, time spent with patients, etc...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
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