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TOF Ratio

Ilaria Degano, Jacopo La Nasa, Elisa Ghelardi, Francesca Modugno, Maria Perla Colombini
Lipid binders have traditionally been determined in paintings by using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) to identify the characteristic profiles and ratios of fatty acids . However, the presence of mixtures in contemporary and modern oil paints makes the GC/MS determination of fatty acids insufficient to fully characterize the lipid binding media. In this study we prove that triacylglycerol (TAG) profiling by high-performance liquid chromatography with high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry, using ESI in positive and negative ionization modes is highly effective...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
Katja Rezonja, Tomaz Mars, Ales Jerin, Gordana Kozelj, Neva Pozar-Lukanovic, Maja Sostaric
BACKGROUND: Sugammadex reverses neuromuscular block (NMB) through binding aminosteroid neuromuscular blocking agents. Although sugammadex appears to be highly selective, it can interact with other drugs, like corticosteroids. A prospective single-blinded randomized clinical trial was designed to explore the significance of interactions between dexamethasone and sugammadex. METHODS: Sixty-five patients who were anesthetized for elective abdominal or urological surgery were included...
October 21, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
Jun Hwa Lee, Byong Chul Yoo, Yun Hwan Kim, Sun-A Ahn, Seung-Gu Yeo, Jae Youl Cho, Kyung-Hee Kim, Seung Cheol Kim
BACKGROUND: A low-mass-ion discriminant equation (LOME) was constructed to investigate whether systematic low-mass-ion (LMI) profiling could be applied to ovarian cancer (OVC) screening. RESULTS: Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry was performed to obtain mass spectral data on metabolites detected as LMIs up to a mass-to-charge ratio (m/z) of 2500 for 1184 serum samples collected from healthy individuals and patients with OVC, other types of cancer, or several types of benign tumor...
2016: BioData Mining
Guangming Gong, Wenya Liu, Shudong Wang
This study aimed to reduce the cytotoxicity and improve the targeting of aclacinomycin (ACM) by covalently coupling it with amino-oxyacetic acid (AOA) to generate an active intermediate, AOA-ACM. AOA-ACM was conjugated with self-assembled human serum albumin (HSA) nanoparticles constructed using tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine (TCEP) as disulfide bond breaking molecules in an 'opening stage-intermediate-closing stage' route, in which the hydrophobic interaction, interchange of sulfhydryl and hydrogen bond may be the key factors in the assembling process...
October 17, 2016: Nanotechnology
Fausto Carnevale Neto, Alan C Pilon, Denise M Selegato, Rafael T Freire, Haiwei Gu, Daniel Raftery, Norberto P Lopes, Ian Castro-Gamboa
Dereplication based on hyphenated techniques has been extensively applied in plant metabolomics, thereby avoiding re-isolation of known natural products. However, due to the complex nature of biological samples and their large concentration range, dereplication requires the use of chemometric tools to comprehensively extract information from the acquired data. In this work we developed a reliable GC-MS-based method for the identification of non-targeted plant metabolites by combining the Ratio Analysis of Mass Spectrometry deconvolution tool (RAMSY) with Automated Mass Spectral Deconvolution and Identification System software (AMDIS)...
2016: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
Xiu-Ping Chen, Ruo-Jing Fan, Fang Zhang, Zhong-Quan Li, Bin Xu, Yin-Long Guo
RATIONALE: In order to improve analysis of analytes in trace amounts in a complex matrix, we developed a novel post-processing method, named Chromatographic Peak Reconstruction (CPR), to process the recorded data from gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOF MS). METHODS: For a trace ion, the relative deviation (δ) between the adjacent scanned mass-to-charge ratios (m/z) was found inversely proportional to its MS peak intensity. Based on this relationship, the thresholds of δ value within the specified intensity segments were estimated by the CPR and used to screen out the suspicious scan-points in the extracted ion chromatographic (EIC) peak...
October 10, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Nicholas G Welch, Robert M T Madiona, Judith A Scoble, Benjamin W Muir, Paul J Pigram
Antibody denaturation at surface-liquid interfaces plays an important role in the sensitivity of protein assays such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). Surface immobilized antibodies must maintain their native state, with their antigen binding (Fab) region intact, to capture antigens from biological samples and permit disease detection. In this work, two identical sample sets were prepared with whole antibody IgG, F(ab')2 and Fc fragments, immobilized to either a silicon wafer, or a diethylene glycol dimethyl ether plasma polymer surface...
October 7, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Bharath Kumar, Abhishek Chakraborty, S N Tripathi, Deepika Bhattu
Non-refractory submicron (NR-PM1) aerosols were measured during the late winter period (February-March) via an Aerodyne High Resolution Time of Flight Aerosols Mass Spectrometer (HR-ToF-AMS) along with Black Carbon (BC) and trace gasses in an industrial city, Kanpur, situated in the Gangetic Plain (GP) of India. The composition of NR-PM1 aerosols was dominated by organics (54%), followed by inorganics (36%), and BC (10%). Source apportionment via Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) of AMS measured organic aerosols (OAs) revealed 6 factors...
October 12, 2016: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
Wenjing Li, Jianshi Yu, Maureen A Kane
Native mass spectrometry (MS) has become a valuable tool in probing noncovalent protein-ligand interactions in a sample-efficient way, yet the quantitative application potential of native MS has not been fully explored. Cellular retinol binding protein, type I (CrbpI) chaperones retinol and retinal in the cell, protecting them from nonspecific oxidation and delivering them to biosynthesis enzymes where the bound (holo-) and unbound (apo-) forms of CrbpI exert distinct biological functions. Using nanoelectrospray, we developed a native MS assay for probing apo- and holo-CrbpI abundance to facilitate exploring their biological functions in retinoid metabolism and signaling...
October 5, 2016: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Valérie Chetboul, Isabelle Pitsch, Renaud Tissier, Vassiliki Gouni, Charlotte Misbach, Emilie Trehiou-Sechi, Amandine M Petit, Cécile Damoiseaux, Jean-Louis Pouchelon, Loïc Desquilbet, Eric Bomassi
OBJECTIVE To characterize the epidemiological, clinical, and echocardiographic features of dogs and cats with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and determine their survival times. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 15 dogs and 16 cats with a diagnosis of TOF as determined via echocardiography. PROCEDURES Medical records of dogs and cats were reviewed to extract information on signalment, clinical status at the time of TOF diagnosis, echocardiographic findings, and any outcome data. RESULTS The most common canine breeds were terrier types (n = 7)...
October 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
P Domizio, Y Liu, L F Bisson, D Barile
The present work demonstrates that yeasts belonging to the Schizosaccharomyces genus release a high quantity of polysaccharides of cell wall origin starting from the onset of the alcoholic fermentation. By the end of the alcoholic fermentation, all of the Schizosaccharomyces yeast strains released a quantity of polysaccharides approximately 3-7 times higher than that released by a commercial Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast strain under the same fermentative conditions of synthetic juice. A higher content of polysaccharide was found in media fermented by Schizosaccharomyces japonicus with respect to that of Schizosaccharomyces pombe...
February 2017: Food Microbiology
Michael E A Cunningham, Mary T Donofrio, Syed Murfad Peer, David Zurakowski, Richard A Jonas, Pranava Sinha
BACKGROUND: We have previously demonstrated that early primary repair of tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary stenosis (TOF) can be safely performed without increase in hospital resource utilization or compromise to surgical technical performance scores (TPS). We sought to identify the optimal timing for elective early primary repair of TOF with respect to intermediate-term reintervention. METHODS: Retrospective review of all patients with TOF undergoing elective primary repair between September 2004 and December 2013 was performed...
September 28, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Heung Joo Yuk, Yeong Hun Song, Marcus J Curtis-Long, Dae Wook Kim, Su Gyeong Woo, Yong Bok Lee, Zia Uddin, Cha Young Kim, Ki Hun Park
Dietary isoflavones, daidzein and genistein are of huge interest in the nutraceutical field due to their practical application to postmenopause complications. This study is the first report an efficient method to prepare isoflavone rich soybean leaves (soyleaves) which is an edible food stuff in Asian countries. The preharvest treatment of ethylene highly stimulated the level of isoflavone in soyleaves. Annotation and quantification of metabolites were determined by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS and HPLC. Phenolic metabolites of soyleaves are mostly kaempferol glycosides, but not dietary isoflavones...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Marta Gietler, Małgorzata Nykiel, Sławomir Orzechowski, Joerg Fettke, Barbara Zagdańska
A loss of dehydration tolerance in wheat seedlings on the fifth day following imbibition is associated with a disturbance in cellular redox homeostasis, as documented by a shift of the reduced/oxidized glutathione ratio to a more oxidized state and a significant increase in the ratio of protein thiols to the total thiol group content. Therefore, the identification and characterization of redox-sensitive proteins are important steps toward understanding the molecular mechanisms of the loss of dehydration tolerance...
August 28, 2016: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Kinga Meller, Paweł Pomastowski, Michał Szumski, Bogusław Buszewski
In the present work the preparation of capillary-based microreactors with immobilized trypsin was investigated. The monolithic support was synthesized from 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) as a functional monomer and N,N'-methylenebis(acrylamide) (MBA) as a hydrophilic crosslinker. Two monomers contents in the polymerization mixture (27% and 35%) at the ratio of HEMA:MBA=3:2 were tested. The results indicated that the heated mixture of the above monomers and the porogen consisting of 40% 1-decanol, 40% 2-propanol and 20% water was the most appropriate polymerization mixture for preparation of HEMA-MBA copolymer...
August 21, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Ze Yu, Wei Zhou, Juan Han, Yunchao Li, Louzhen Fan, Xiaohong Li
Here, we first find that Na(+) can induce Pb(2+)-stabilized T30695 undergoing conformational transition from partly parallel to completely parallel, and further forming a dimeric G-quadruplex, which was characterized by circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS), and native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). Thermal denaturation experiments show that the transforming process is a thermodynamics-driven process. Furthermore, the presence of Na(+) further improves the binding efficiency of Pb(2+)-stabilized T30695 with the fluorescent probe (such as ZnPPIX)...
October 4, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Quentin P Vanbellingen, Anthony Castellanos, Monica Rodriguez-Silva, Iru Paudel, Jeremy W Chambers, Francisco A Fernandez-Lima
In this work, we show the advantages of label-free, tridimensional mass spectrometry imaging using dual beam analysis (25 keV Bi3 (+)) and depth profiling (20 keV with a distribution centered at Ar1500 (+)) coupled to time of flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (3D-MSI-TOF-SIMS) for the study of A-172 human glioblastoma cell line treated with B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) inhibitor ABT-737. The high spatial (~250 nm) and high mass resolution (m/Δm ~10,000) of TOF-SIMS permitted the localization and identification of the intact, unlabeled drug molecular ion (m/z 811...
August 31, 2016: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Boone M Prentice, Chad W Chumbley, Brian C Hachey, Jeremy L Norris, Richard M Caprioli
Quantitative matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI TOF) approaches have historically suffered from poor accuracy and precision mainly due to the nonuniform distribution of matrix and analyte across the target surface, matrix interferences, and ionization suppression. Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) can be used to ensure chemical specificity as well as improve signal-to-noise ratios by eliminating interferences from chemical noise, alleviating some concerns about dynamic range. However, conventional MALDI TOF/TOF modalities typically only scan for a single MS/MS event per laser shot, and multiplex assays require sequential analyses...
October 4, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Amey Shirolkar, Bhawana Sharma, Suman Lata, Rajesh Dabur
Tinospora cordifolia (Guduchi Sawras) though has been clearly demonstrated in literature for its hypolipidemic and anti-alcoholism properties but its anti-hyperlipidemia mechanistic approach is still missing. Moreover, its direct implication with alcohol induced hyperlipidemia has also not been reported till date. In order to explore the answers of these questions, phytochemicals of Tinospora cordifolia water extract "Guduchi Sawras" (GS) was analyzed using HPLC-Q-TOF-MS. On the basis of relative peak volumes 110 compounds were selected and identified in GS...
August 24, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Vittorio Pavoni, Lara Gianesello, Cristiana Martinelli, Andrew Horton, Alessandra Nella, Gabriele Gori, Martina Simonelli, Giuseppe De Scisciolo
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of sugammadex in reversing profound rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block at the laryngeal adductor muscles using motor-evoked potentials (mMEPs). DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING: University surgical center. PATIENTS: Twenty patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical class I-II status who underwent propofol-remifentanil anesthesia for the surgery of the thyroid gland...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
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