keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

neurocognitive

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036819/age-and-graphomotor-decision-making-assessed-with-the-digital-clock-drawing-test-the-framingham-heart-study
#1
Ryan J Piers, Kathryn N Devlin, Boting Ning, Yulin Liu, Ben Wasserman, Joseph M Massaro, Melissa Lamar, Catherine C Price, Rod Swenson, Randall Davis, Dana L Penney, Rhoda Au, David J Libon
BACKGROUND: Digital Clock Drawing Test (dCDT) technology enables the examination of detailed neurocognitive behavior as behavior unfolds in in real time; a capability that cannot be obtained using a traditional pen and paper testing format. OBJECTIVE: Parameters obtained from the dCDT were used to investigate neurocognitive constructs related to higher-order neurocognitive decision-making and information processing speed. The current research sought to determine the effect of age as related to combined motor and non-motor components of drawing, and higher-order, decision-making latencies...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036632/mapping-compulsivity-in-the-dsm-5-obsessive-compulsive-and-related-disorders-cognitive-domains-neural-circuitry-and-treatment
#2
Naomi A Fineberg, Annemieke M Apergis-Schoute, M Matilde Vaghi, Paula Banca, Claire M Gillan, Valerie Voon, Samuel R Chamberlain, Cinosi Eduardo, Reid Jemma, Sonia Shahper, Edward T Bullmore, Barbara J Sahakian, Trevor W Robbins
Compulsions are repetitive, stereotyped thoughts and behaviors designed to reduce harm. Growing evidence suggests that the neurocognitive mechanisms mediating behavioural inhibition (motor inhibition, cognitive inflexibility) reversal learning and habit formation (shift from goal-directed to habitual responding) contribute toward compulsive activity in a broad range of disorders. In obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), distributed network perturbation appears focussed around the pre-frontal cortex, caudate, putamen and associated neuro-circuitry...
September 23, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036587/latent-profile-analysis-and-conversion-to-psychosis-characterizing-subgroups-to-enhance-risk-prediction
#3
Kristin M Healey, David L Penn, Diana Perkins, Scott W Woods, Richard S E Keefe, Jean Addington
BACKGROUND: Groups at clinical high risk (CHR) of developing psychosis are heterogeneous, composed of individuals with different clusters of symptoms. It is likely that there exist subgroups, each associated with different symptom constellations and probabilities of conversion. METHOD: Present study used latent profile analysis (LPA) to ascertain subgroups in a combined sample of CHR (n = 171) and help-seeking controls (HSCs; n = 100; PREDICT study). Indicators in the LPA model included baseline Scale of Prodromal Symptoms (SOPS), Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS), and neurocognitive performance as measured by multiple instruments, including category instances (CAT)...
July 14, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035999/effects-on-18f-fdg-pet-ct-brain-glucose-metabolism-in-rectal-cancer-patients-undergoing-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#4
Alexei M C Machado, Theara C Fagundes, Arnoldo Mafra, Rodrigo G Silva, Ana Carolina G Castro, Marcelo Mamede
PURPOSE: Retrospective study of the effects of anticancer treatment on the brain metabolism of patients diagnosed with rectal cancer based on a large and homogeneous sample of 40 paired F-FDG PET/CT volumes taken from 20 patients. The results are compared to the ones presented by related works to help elucidating the mechanisms of neurotoxicity associated to a decrease in memory, learning and motor skills. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with rectal adenocarcinoma were scanned before and after neoadjuvant chemoradiation based exclusively on 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin...
October 13, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035331/nutritional-needs-and-support-for-children-with-chronic-liver-disease
#5
REVIEW
Christine H Yang, Brandon J Perumpail, Eric R Yoo, Aijaz Ahmed, John A Kerner
Malnutrition has become a dangerously common problem in children with chronic liver disease, negatively impacting neurocognitive development and growth. Furthermore, many children with chronic liver disease will eventually require liver transplantation. Thus, this association between malnourishment and chronic liver disease in children becomes increasingly alarming as malnutrition is a predictor of poorer outcomes in liver transplantation and is often associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Malnutrition requires aggressive and appropriate management to correct nutritional deficiencies...
October 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034489/modification-of-automatic-alcohol-approach-tendencies-in-alcohol-dependent-patients-with-mild-or-major-neurocognitive-disorder
#6
Anke Loijen, Mike Rinck, Serge J W Walvoort, Roy P C Kessels, Eni S Becker, Jos I M Egger
BACKGROUND: To examine the applicability of an alcohol-avoidance training procedure in patients with alcohol dependence and alcohol-induced neurocognitive disorders, we trained two groups that differed in the degree of cognitive impairment: One group fulfilled the DSM-5 criteria for Alcohol-Induced Mild Neurocognitive Disorder, and one group was diagnosed with Korsakoff's syndrome (Alcohol-Induced Major Neurocognitive Disorder, Confabulatory/Amnesic subtype; DSM-5). The intervention is assumed to match the preserved cognitive capacity for implicit learning in both groups...
October 16, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034208/prophylactic-cranial-irradiation-following-surgical-resection-of-early-stage-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Brooke C Bloom, Alexander Augustyn, Boris Sepesi, Sunil Patel, Shalin J Shah, Ritsuko U Komaki, Steven E Schild, Stephen G Chun
With increasing use of low-dose screening CT scans, the diagnosis of early-stage small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) without evidence of mediastinal nodal or distant metastasis is likely to become more common, but the role of adjuvant therapies such as prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) are not well understood in this population. We performed a review of the literature pertaining to the impact of PCI in patients who underwent surgical resection of early-stage SCLC. Four studies were identified that were pertinent including three single-institution retrospective analyses and a National Cancer Database analysis...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033857/an-update-overview-on-brain-imaging-studies-of-internet-gaming-disorder
#8
REVIEW
Aviv M Weinstein
There are a growing number of studies on structural and functional brain mechanisms underlying Internet gaming disorder (IGD). Recent functional magnetic resonance imaging studies showed that IGD adolescents and adults had reduced gray matter volume in regions associated with attention motor coordination executive function and perception. Adolescents with IGD showed lower white matter (WM) integrity measures in several brain regions that are involved in decision-making, behavioral inhibition, and emotional regulation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033017/neurocognitive-and-psychological-outcomes-in-adults-with-dextro-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-corrected-by-the-arterial-switch-operation
#9
Leïla Kasmi, Johanna Calderon, Michèle Montreuil, Nikoletta Geronikola, Virginie Lambert, Emrè Belli, Damien Bonnet, David Kalfa
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental impairments have frequently been described in children and adolescents with dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA). The arterial switch operation (ASO) to correct d-TGA has been used for more than 30 years, and more than 90% of these patients now reach adulthood. However, very little is known about their long-term functional outcomes. The present study investigated neurocognitive outcomes and the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in adults with d-TGA corrected by ASO...
October 12, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032773/understanding-the-development-of-psychopathy-progress-and-challenges
#10
E Viding, E J McCrory
Psychopathy is an adult condition that incurs substantial societal and individual costs. Here we review neurocognitive and genetically informative studies that shed light on how and why this condition emerges. Children cannot present with psychopathy. However, the presence of callous-unemotional (CU) traits can distinguish a group of children who are at elevated risk of psychopathy in adulthood. These children display diminished empathy and guilt and show attenuated brain activation to distress cues in others...
October 16, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032517/correction-to-a-prospective-study-of-corpus-callosum-regional-volumes-and-neurocognitive-outcomes-following-cranial-radiation-for-pediatric-brain-tumors
#11
Arif Rashid, Ashwin N Ram, Wendy R Kates, Kristin J Redmond, Moody Wharam, E Mark Mahone, Alena Horska, Stephanie Terezakis
AbstractThe published version of this article unfortunately contained an error. Author "E. Mark Mahone" has been published incorrectly by capturing "Mark Mahone" as family name when it should only be "Mahone". Given in this article is the corrected name.
October 14, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032298/factors-and-outcomes-associated-with-inpatient-cardiac-arrest-following-emergent-endotracheal-intubation
#12
Gabriel Wardi, Julian Villar, Thien Nguyen, Anuja Vyas, Nicholas Pokrajac, Anushirvan Minokadeh, Daniel Lasoff, Christopher Tainter, Jeremy R Beitler, Rebecca E Sell
BACKGROUND: Inpatient peri-intubation cardiac arrest (PICA) following emergent endotracheal intubation (ETI) is an uncommon but potentially preventable type of cardiac arrest (CA). Limited published data exist describing factors associated with inpatient PICA and patient outcomes. This study identifies risk factors associated with PICA among hospitalized patients emergently intubated out of the operating room and compares PICA to other types of inpatient CA. METHODS: Retrospective case-control study of patients at our institution over a five-year period...
October 11, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031762/sleep-and-cognitive-performance-cross-sectional-associations-in%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-uk-biobank
#13
Simon D Kyle, Claire E Sexton, Bernd Feige, Annemarie I Luik, Jacqueline Lane, Richa Saxena, Simon G Anderson, David A Bechtold, William Dixon, Max A Little, David Ray, Dieter Riemann, Colin A Espie, Martin K Rutter, Kai Spiegelhalder
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between insomnia symptoms and cognitive performance is unclear, particularly at the population level. We conducted the largest examination of this association to date through analysis of the UK Biobank, a large population-based sample of adults aged 40-69 years. We also sought to determine associations between cognitive performance and self-reported chronotype, sleep medication use and sleep duration. METHODS: This cross-sectional, population-based study involved 477,529 participants, comprising 133,314 patients with frequent insomnia symptoms (age: 57...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031465/neurocognitive-mechanisms-of-the-flow-state
#14
David J Harris, Samuel J Vine, Mark R Wilson
While the experience of flow is often described in attentional terms-focused concentration or task absorption-specific cognitive mechanisms have received limited interest. We propose that an attentional explanation provides the best way to advance theoretical models and produce practical applications, as well as providing potential solutions to core issues such as how an objectively difficult task can be subjectively effortless. Recent research has begun to utilize brain-imaging techniques to investigate neurocognitive changes during flow, which enables attentional mechanisms to be understood in greater detail...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031336/psychosocial-issues-in-geriatric-rehabilitation
#15
REVIEW
Ricardo M Rodriguez
Geriatric patients present multiple age-related challenges and needs that must be taken into account during the rehabilitation process to achieve expected goals. This article examines the importance of identifying and managing psychosocial issues commonly observed in older adults and presents strategies to optimize their rehabilitation process. Depression, anxiety, fear of falling, adjustment issues, neurocognitive disorders, and caregiver support are discussed as a selection of factors that are relevant for geriatric patients undergoing rehabilitation...
November 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030878/the-association-between-ptsd-and-functional-outcome-is-mediated-by-perception-of-cognitive-problems-rather-than-objective-neurological-test-performance
#16
Kristin W Samuelson, Linda Abadjian, Joshua T Jordan, Alisa Bartel, Jennifer Vasterling, Karen Seal
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been consistently linked to poorer functional outcomes, including quality of life, health problems, and social and occupational functioning. Less is known about the potential mechanisms by which PTSD leads to poorer functional outcomes. We hypothesized that neurocognitive functioning and perception of cognitive problems would both mediate the relationship between PTSD diagnosis and functioning. In a sample of 140 veterans of the recent wars and conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, we assessed PTSD symptoms, history of traumatic brain injury (TBI), depression, self-report measures of quality of life, social and occupational functioning, and reintegration to civilian life, as well as perception of cognitive problems...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030589/aberrant-ocular-architecture-and-function-in-patients-with-klinefelter-syndrome
#17
Cristin Brand, Michael Zitzmann, Nicole Eter, Sabine Kliesch, Joachim Wistuba, Maged Alnawaiseh, Peter Heiduschka
Klinefelter Syndrome (KS), the most common chromosomal disorder in men (47,XXY), is associated with numerous comorbidities. Based on a number of isolated case reports, we performed the first systematic and comprehensive evaluation of eye health in KS patients with a focus on ocular structure and vascularization. Twenty-one KS patients and 26 male and 38 female controls underwent a variety of non-invasive examinations investigating ocular morphology (examination of retinal thickness, optic nerve head, and cornea) and function (visual field testing and quantification of ocular vessel density by optical coherence tomography angiography)...
October 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028880/semantic-memory-in-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorders-an-evaluation-of-the-cortical-versus-subcortical-hypothesis
#18
Savanna Tierney, Steven Paul Woods, Marizela Verduzco, Jessica Beltran, Paul J Massman, Rodrigo Hasbun
Objective: HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) have historically been characterized as a subcortical condition that does not affect semantic memory; however, recent evidence suggests that the cortical regions that support semantic memory may be affected in HIV. Method: The current study examined the effects of HAND on semantic memory in 85 HIV+ individuals with HAND, 193 HIV+ individuals without HAND, and 181 HIV- individuals who completed the Boston Naming Test (BNT) and the Famous Faces subtest of the Kauffman Adolescent and Adult Intelligence Test (KAIT-FF)...
September 28, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028864/predicting-cognitive-functioning-activities-of-daily-living-and-participation-6-months-after-mild-to-moderate-stroke
#19
Madison Bertolin, Ryan Van Patten, Taylor Greif, Robert Fucetola
Objective: Predicting neurocognitive and functional outcomes in stroke is an important clinical task, especially in rehabilitation settings. We assessed acute predictors of cognitive and functional outcomes 6 months after mild to moderate stroke. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of acute clinical data and 6-month follow-up telephone interviews for 498 mild to moderate stroke patients. Predictors were sociodemographic variables, the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), basic physical measures, the Mesulam Cancellation Test, the Short Blessed Test (SBT), Trails A/B, and the Boston Naming Test...
September 25, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028522/an-examination-of-sex-differences-in-neurocognition-and-social-cognition-in-first-episode-psychosis
#20
Haylee Danaher, Kelly Allott, Eóin Killackey, Robert Hester, Sue Cotton
Due to the dearth and conflicting findings of previous research, it is unclear whether males and females with first-episode psychosis (FEP) differ in their neurocognitive and social cognitive abilities. The aims of the current study were to investigate whether: (i) there are sex differences in neurocognition and social cognition among young people with FEP; and (ii) they resemble those observed in age-matched healthy controls. The current study involved secondary analysis of data from a previous study in which a large neurocognitive and social cognitive battery was administered to 146 individuals with FEP and 46 healthy controls aged 15-25 years...
September 30, 2017: Psychiatry Research
keyword
keyword
71641
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"