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Oxytocin; obstetric

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483643/oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-chapter%C3%A2-1-definition-and-characteristics-of-normal-and-abnormal-labor
#1
R Béranger, A A Chantry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476693/oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-chapter%C3%A2-6-fetal-neonatal-and-pediatric-risks-and-adverse-effects-of-using-oxytocin-augmentation-during-spontaneous-labor
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476691/oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-guidelines-short-text
#3
C Dupont, M Carayol, C Le Ray, C Deneux-Tharaux, D Riethmuller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428124/induced-labour-at-term-and-breech-presentation-experience-of-a-level-iib-french-maternity
#4
A Jarniat, V Eluard, O Matz, P Calmelet, A Calmelet, P Dellinger, P Sagot
Data from the literature on induction of labour in breech presentation are rare and no conclusions can be drawn for this procedure. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate obstetrical and neonatal prognosis following induced labour in breech deliveries at term (37 to 42 weeks of gestation). METHODS: We conducted a single-centre retrospective case-control study in a level IIB maternity unit from 1st January 2012 to 31st December 2015. The inclusion criteria were a singleton pregnancy and a breech presentation...
April 17, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426160/assessment-and-support-during-early-labour-for-improving-birth-outcomes
#5
REVIEW
Shinobu Kobayashi, Nobutsugu Hanada, Masayo Matsuzaki, Kenji Takehara, Erika Ota, Hatoko Sasaki, Chie Nagata, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: The progress of labour in the early or latent phase is usually slow and may include painful uterine contractions. Women may feel distressed and lose their confidence during this phase. Support and assessment interventions have been assessed in two previous Cochrane Reviews. This review updates and replaces these two reviews, which have become out of date. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of assessment and support interventions for women during early labour...
April 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412086/tocolysis-after-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-and-neonatal-outcome-a-propensity-score-analysis
#6
Elsa Lorthe, François Goffinet, Stéphane Marret, Christophe Vayssiere, Cyril Flamant, Mathilde Quere, Valérie Benhammou, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Gilles Kayem
BACKGROUND: There are conflicting results regarding tocolysis in cases of preterm premature rupture of membranes. Delaying delivery may reduce neonatal morbidity because of prematurity and allow for prenatal corticosteroids and, if necessary, in utero transfer. However, that may increase the risks of maternofetal infection and its adverse consequences. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate whether tocolytic therapy in cases of preterm premature rupture of membranes is associated with improved neonatal or obstetric outcomes...
April 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409600/postpartum-hemorrhage-prevention-and-treatment
#7
Ann Evensen, Janice M Anderson, Patricia Fontaine
Postpartum hemorrhage is common and can occur in patients without risk factors for hemorrhage. Active management of the third stage of labor should be used routinely to reduce its incidence. Use of oxytocin after delivery of the anterior shoulder is the most important and effective component of this practice. Oxytocin is more effective than misoprostol for prevention and treatment of uterine atony and has fewer adverse effects. Routine episiotomy should be avoided to decrease blood loss and the risk of anal laceration...
April 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403954/effectiveness-and-safety-of-induction-of-labor-for-term-breech-presentations
#8
G Bleu, J Demetz, S Michel, A Drain, V Houfflin-Debarge, P Deruelle, D Subtil
In term breech deliveries, vaginal delivery can be safely envisioned in some conditions (related to patient selection and obstetrician experience). Very few data are currently available, however, about the possibility of inducing labor in these situations. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness and safety of induction of labor for breech presentations. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective comparative hospital-based study of a continuous series of term breech deliveries from 2000 to 2010...
January 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403891/foley-catheter-for-cervical-priming-in-induction-of-labour-at-university-obstetrics-unit-colombo-sri-lanka-a-clinical-audit-with-a-patient-satisfaction-survey
#9
M Patabendige, A Jayawardane
BACKGROUND: Intracervical insertion of a Foley catheter (FC) has shown to be a safe, effective and relatively feasible mechanical method of cervical priming in induction of labour (IOL). We evaluated indications, effectiveness, patient acceptability and outcomes of FC use in IOL adhering to the ward protocol in our unit. METHODS: A clinical audit with a patient satisfaction survey conducted between July and September 2013 in University Obstetric Unit, Colombo, Sri Lanka...
April 12, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292361/effectiveness-of-per-rectal-misoprostol-versus-intramuscular-oxytocin-for-prevention-of-primary-postpartum-haemorrhage
#10
Raheela Asmat, Tasneem Ashraf, Fazila Asmat, Shakila Asmat, Nagina Asmat
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of per rectal misoprostol over oxytocin in primary postpartum haemorrhage (PPH). STUDY DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Gynaecology and Obstetrics Department, Unit IV, Bolan Medical Complex Hospital, Quetta, from September 2013 to February 2014. METHODOLOGY: Emergency obstetric patients receiving per rectal misoprostol (800 µgm) were named as group 'A' and those receiving 10 units oxytocin intramuscularly were labelled as group 'B'...
January 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260290/-the-influence-of-the-intrapartum-inventions-on-the-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-of-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean
#11
S W Wu, D He, W Y Zhang
Objective: To investigate the maternal and neonatal outcomes after different intrapartum interventions for vaginal birth after cesarean (Vaginal Birth After Cesarean-section, VBAC). Methods: One hundred and forty three cases in Beijing Obstetrics & Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2015 to November 2016 were selected retrospectively.The relationship between the intrapartum inventions such as induction style, oxytocin usage and spinal analgesia and the maternal and neonatal outcomes such as delivery way, labor time, postpartum hemorrhage and fetal distress were analyzed in pregnant women underwent VBAC...
February 21, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238320/-oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labour-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-guidelines-short-text
#12
C Dupont, M Carayol, C Le Ray, C Barasinski, R Beranger, A Burguet, A Chantry, C Chiesa, B Coulm, A Evrard, C Fischer, L Gaucher, C Guillou, F Leroy, E Phan, A Rousseau, V Tessier, F Vendittelli, C Deneux-Tharaux, D Riethmuller
OBJECTIVES: To define the different stages of spontaneous labour. To determine the indications, modalities of use and the effects of administering synthetic oxytocin. And to describe undesirable maternal and perinatal outcomes associated with the use of synthetic oxytocin. METHOD: A systematic review was carried out by searching Medline database and websites of obstetrics learned societies until March 2016. RESULTS: The 1st stage of labor is divided in a latence phase and an active phase, which switch at 5cm of cervical dilatation...
January 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208943/role-of-prophylactic-tranexamic-acid-in-reducing-blood-loss-during-elective-caesarean-section-a-randomized-controlled-study
#13
Sj Dhivya Lakshmi, Reena Abraham
INTRODUCTION: Obstetric haemorrhage accounts for 20-25% of maternal mortality and morbidity. Anti-fibrinolytics are being widely used in field of surgery. It is also used to reduce heavy menstrual blood loss. AIM: To analyse the effectiveness of Tranexamic Acid (TXA) in reducing blood loss during elective caesarean section. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This interventional, randomized, parallel group study was done in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecolgy, PSG IMSR, Coimbatore, from June 2014 to May 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065366/-characteristics-of-induced-labors-at-marqu%C3%A3-s-de-valdecilla-university-hospital
#14
Marta González-Maestro, Izaskun Laurrieta-Saiz, Casandra García-González, Marta López-Mirones, Oihane Terán-Muñoz, Alicia Alonso-Salcines
OBJECTIVE: Induction of labor (IOL) is a common obstetric practice which has increased in recent decades. The main objective of this study is to describe the characteristics of induced labor at Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital. METHOD: A descriptive, retrospective study was performed between January 1st and April 30t(h) of 2014, by reviewing medical histories. A standardised registration has been used to collect data. RESULTS: There were a total of 376 IOL, the incidence was 35...
January 3, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061422/can-we-predict-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injury
#15
Kristina Drusany Starič, Petra Bukovec, Katja Jakopič, Eftim Zdravevski, Vladimir Trajkovik, Adolf Lukanović
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify primiparous pregnant women with a higher risk for obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) based on obstetric characteristics (risk factors). STUDY DESIGN: In the retrospective case control study primiparous women were examined using endoanal ultrasonography (EUS) for OASIS identification 6-12 weeks after delivery. Obstetric characteristics for OASIS were collected from the mothers' medical records. The univariate analysis of maternal (age at delivery, maternal height, weight, BMI), infant (length, weight and head circumference) and birth (pregnancy duration, labour and delivery duration, episiotomy, vacuum extraction and oxytocin augmentation) risk factors, Pearson correlations and information gain were carried out...
March 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904165/a-retrospective-perinatal-data-analysis-of-immigrant-and-german-women-from-representative-birth-cohorts-at-the-virchow-hospital-berlin
#16
R Armbrust, R von Rennenberg, M David
Introduction: The aim of this study was to define and characterise differences in the level of obstetric care provided to immigrant and German women. Materials and Methods: An analysis of the Virchow Hospital's birth registers was conducted for the years 1974, 1984 and 1994. The study population of 5445 patients was grouped according to ancestry/family origin on the basis of a name analysis, and subsequently also according to parity (primiparous or multiparous). On name analysis 2741 women were defined as German, 1598 were grouped as women of Turkish origin and 810 as immigrants of other origin...
November 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862855/effect-of-oxytocin-infusion-on-reducing-the-blood-loss-during-abdominal-myomectomy-a-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
S Atashkhoei, S Fakhari, H Pourfathi, E Bilehjani, P M Garabaghi, A Asiaei
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness and safety of oxytocin to reduce blood loss during abdominal myomectomy. DESIGN: Double-blind randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Obstetrics and Gynecologic University Medical Centre. POPULATION: Eighty healthy women candidates for abdominal myomectomy. METHODS: Women were randomly assigned to two groups. In the study group (n = 40) oxytocin 30 IU in 500 ml normal saline; and in the placebo group (n = 40) pure normal saline was administered during myomectomy...
January 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855051/-carbetocin-and-oxytocin-prevention-of-postpartum-hemorrhage-in-patients-with-risk-factors-for-uterine-atony
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Santiago Carrillo-Gaucín, Luis Guillermo Torres-Gómez
BACKGROUND: In Mexico, during 2010, obstetric hemorrhage was second (19.6%) as a direct cause of maternal death. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effect of oxytocin and carbetocin, in preventing postpartum hemorrhage in patients with risk factors for uterine atony. METHODS: Study type clinical trial, patients experiencing at least one of the risk factors for uterine atony included. Randomly, they were divided into two groups: one was given Oxytocin and other received Carbetocin...
2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833251/cross-sectional-study-on-the-obstetric-performance-of-primigravidae-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-lagos-nigeria
#19
Kehinde Sharafadeen Okunade, Halimat Okunola, Lawal Oyeneyin, Fatimah N Habeeb-Adeyemi
BACKGROUND: A woman carrying her first pregnancy is starting a new life, and this is a crucial time in her obstetric career. This study was aimed to compare the obstetric performance of primigravidae to that of the multigravidae with a view to suggesting ways of preventing the associated complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional case-control study carried out among women who delivered in the study center over a year period. Relevant data of primigravid parturients who delivered in the hospital were retrieved from the labor ward register, and an equal number of multigravidae who delivered during the same study were selected by simple random sampling as the control group...
September 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832753/stillbirths-and-quality-of-care-during-labour-at-the-low-resource-referral-hospital-of-zanzibar-a-case-control-study
#20
Nanna Maaløe, Natasha Housseine, Ib Christian Bygbjerg, Tarek Meguid, Rashid Saleh Khamis, Ali Gharib Mohamed, Birgitte Bruun Nielsen, Jos van Roosmalen
BACKGROUND: To study determinants of stillbirths as indicators of quality of care during labour in an East African low resource referral hospital. METHODS: A criterion-based unmatched unblinded case-control study of singleton stillbirths with birthweight ≥2000 g (n = 139), compared to controls with birthweight ≥2000 g and Apgar score ≥7 (n = 249). RESULTS: The overall facility-based stillbirth rate was 59 per 1000 total births, of which 25 % was not reported in the hospital's registers...
November 10, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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