keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Occam's razor

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763408/occam-s-razor-health-care-costs-and-insurance-coverage
#1
François de Brantes
It's no mystery why this country has both the highest per capita health care costs and the lowest overall percentage of people with coverage. The two are connected, but as if on a teeter-tooter: As one goes up, the other goes down.
May 2018: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683118/searching-for-simplicity-in-the-complexity-of-symptom-clusters
#2
Lanell M Bellury, Jane C Clark
Occam's razor proposes that the simplest solution is preferable; however, in the science of cancer and cancer symptoms, simple solutions have been elusive. Understanding individual symptoms continues to confound the science community, and symptom cluster science appears to be an incredibly complex schema of individual symptoms co-occurring and interacting with one another. The simplest explanation for symptom clusters would be a common underlying mechanism at the human genome level. Such a finding could greatly simplify and perhaps revolutionize symptom management...
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662345/stochastic-isotropic-hyperelastic-materials-constitutive-calibration-and-model-selection
#3
L Angela Mihai, Thomas E Woolley, Alain Goriely
Biological and synthetic materials often exhibit intrinsic variability in their elastic responses under large strains, owing to microstructural inhomogeneity or when elastic data are extracted from viscoelastic mechanical tests. For these materials, although hyperelastic models calibrated to mean data are useful, stochastic representations accounting also for data dispersion carry extra information about the variability of material properties found in practical applications. We combine finite elasticity and information theories to construct homogeneous isotropic hyperelastic models with random field parameters calibrated to discrete mean values and standard deviations of either the stress-strain function or the nonlinear shear modulus, which is a function of the deformation, estimated from experimental tests...
March 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655538/occam-s-razor-what-is-the-best-approach-for-a-lobectomy
#4
EDITORIAL
Alexander J Sbrocchi, Chadrick E Denlinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 26, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615552/taking-the-occam-s-razor-approach-to-hedgehog-lipidation-and-its-role-in-development
#5
REVIEW
Dominique Manikowski, Philipp Kastl, Kay Grobe
All Hedgehog (Hh) proteins signal from producing cells to distant receiving cells despite being synthesized as N-and C-terminally lipidated, membrane-tethered molecules. To explain this paradoxical situation, over the past 15 years, several hypotheses have been postulated that tie directly into this property, such as Hh transport on cellular extensions called cytonemes or on secreted vesicles called lipophorins and exosomes. The alternative situation that tight membrane association merely serves to prevent unregulated Hh solubilization has been addressed by biochemical and structural studies suggesting Hh extraction from the membrane or proteolytic Hh release...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366435/anorexia-nervosa-treatments-and-occam-s-razor
#6
Emilio Gutiérrez, Olaia Carrera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365359/mid-upper-arm-circumference-z-score-as-determinant-of-nutrition-status-does-occam-s-razor-apply
#7
Cecelia Pompeii-Wolfe, Timothy A S Sentongo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196305/multiple-simultaneous-infections-in-a-patient-with-well-controlled-hiv-when-occam-s-razor-fails
#8
Miranda Sherley, Sarah Jane Martin
Multiple concurrent infectious processes have previously been reported in the context of advanced HIV with significant immunosuppression. Here we report a case of multiple infections in a 56-year-old man with well-controlled HIV diagnosed 5 years earlier. Soon after returning to Australia following 12 years living in Thailand, he became unwell with fevers, night sweats, arthralgia and myalgia. There were no localising symptoms and examination was unremarkable. Investigations revealed positive syphilis ( Treponema pallidum ) serology with an RPR of 16, a positive urine culture ( Klebsiella pneumoniae ), a pulmonary nodule, a liver abscess and colitis ( Entamoeba histolytica )...
December 1, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160570/bayesian-occam-s-razor-is-a-razor-of-the-people
#9
Thomas Blanchard, Tania Lombrozo, Shaun Nichols
Occam's razor-the idea that all else being equal, we should pick the simpler hypothesis-plays a prominent role in ordinary and scientific inference. But why are simpler hypotheses better? One attractive hypothesis known as Bayesian Occam's razor (BOR) is that more complex hypotheses tend to be more flexible-they can accommodate a wider range of possible data-and that flexibility is automatically penalized by Bayesian inference. In two experiments, we provide evidence that people's intuitive probabilistic and explanatory judgments follow the prescriptions of BOR...
November 21, 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090995/occam-s-razor-versus-hickam-s-dictum
#10
Thomas A Newman, Julie E Takasugi, Gustavo Matute-Bello, Jeffrey B Virgin, Leah M Backhus, Rosemary Adamson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038470/trios-promising-in-silico-biomarkers-for-differentiating-the-effect-of-disease-on-the-human-microbiome-network
#11
Zhanshan Sam Ma, Dandan Ye
Recent advances in the HMP (human microbiome project) research have revealed profound implications of the human microbiome to our health and diseases. We postulated that there should be distinctive features associated with healthy and/or diseased microbiome networks. Following Occam's razor principle, we further hypothesized that triangle motifs or trios, arguably the simplest motif in a complex network of the human microbiome, should be sufficient to detect changes that occurred in the diseased microbiome...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990197/pollen-tube-growth-and-guidance-occam-s-razor-sharpened-on-a-molecular-arabinogalactan-glycoprotein-rosetta-stone
#12
Derek T A Lamport, Li Tan, Michael A Held, Marcia J Kieliszewski
Occam's Razor suggests a new model of pollen tube tip growth based on a novel Hechtian oscillator that integrates a periplasmic arabinogalactan glycoprotein-calcium (AGP-Ca2+ ) capacitor with tip-localized AGPs as the source of tip-focussed cytosolic Ca2+ oscillations: Hechtian adhesion between the plasma membrane and the cell wall of the growing tip acts as a piconewton force transducer that couples the internal stress of a rapidly growing wall to the plasma membrane. Such Hechtian transduction opens stretch-activated Ca2+ channels and activates H+ -ATPase proton pump efflux that dissociates periplasmic AGP-Ca2+ resulting in a Ca2+ influx that activates exocytosis of wall precursors...
January 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961625/physician-assistant-education-advocacy-and-occam-s-razor
#13
David Keahey, Athena Abdullah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952372/discarding-occam-s-razor-atypical-bruising-in-severe-hemophilia-a
#14
Ahmar U Zaidi, Cynthia Sabo, Mary Jane Frey, Madhvi Rajpurkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870471/challenging-occam-s-razor-an-unusual-combination-of-sarcoidosis-and-amyloidosis-the-value-of-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-infiltrative-cardiomyopathies
#15
Eva Nyktari, Vassilios S Vassiliou, Monika Arzanauskaite, Peter Gatehouse, Andreas Greiser, Ashutosh Wechalekar, Janet Gilbertson, Iain Pierce, Rakesh Sharma, Raad Mohiaddin
We describe the case of a 66-year old woman with the extremely rare combination of sarcoidosis and amyloidosis (light chain) and the important role of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging to differentiate between these 2 infiltrative diseases. Myocardial characterization with T1 mapping can improve disease detection, especially in overlap cases, and possibly obviate the need for cardiac biopsy.
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818975/inherited-thrombocytopenia-and-occam-s-razor
#16
COMMENT
Jeffrey M Lipton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811031/bayesian-approach-to-peak-deconvolution-and-library-search-for-high-resolution-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#17
A Barcaru, H G J Mol, M Tienstra, G Vivó-Truyols
A novel probabilistic Bayesian strategy is proposed to resolve highly coeluting peaks in high-resolution GC-MS (Orbitrap) data. Opposed to a deterministic approach, we propose to solve the problem probabilistically, using a complete pipeline. First, the retention time(s) for a (probabilistic) number of compounds for each mass channel are estimated. The statistical dependency between m/z channels was implied by including penalties in the model objective function. Second, Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC) is used as Occam's razor for the probabilistic assessment of the number of components...
August 29, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781107/epileptogenesis-meets-occam-s-razor
#18
REVIEW
Robert S Sloviter
Pharmacological treatment to prevent brain injury-induced temporal lobe epileptogenesis has been generally unsuccessful, raising the issues of exactly when the conversion process to an epileptic brain state occurs and reaches completion, and which cellular or network processes might be the most promising therapeutic targets. The time course of epileptogenesis is a central issue, with recent results suggesting that injury-induced epileptogenesis can be a much more rapid process than previously thought, and may be inconsistent with a delayed epileptogenic mechanism...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708438/can-occam-s-razor-help-physicians-cut-out-the-unnecessary-data
#19
LETTER
Sara Mortaz Hejri, Mohammad Jalili
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706972/fever-and-pancytopenia-in-a-liver-transplant-recipient-going-against-the-rules-of-occam-s-razor
#20
Lionel Hon Wai Lum, Fei Wen Chen, Louise Jackett, Simone I Strasser, Rebecca J Davis
The syndrome of fever and pancytopenia is not infrequently encountered postliver transplant, and a broad differential list of infectious and noninfectious aetiologies can be invoked. A transplant patient is susceptible to more than 1 opportunistic infection or disease process. We described the diagnostic conundrums in managing our patient who ran a complex protracted course postliver transplant. He was diagnosed to have both disseminated tuberculosis and graft-versus-host disease, a rare complication after solid organ transplantation...
July 2017: Transplantation Direct
keyword
keyword
71628
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"