keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

High volume training

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677082/artificial-intelligence-can-predict-daily-trauma-volume-and-average-acuity
#1
David P Stonko, Bradley M Dennis, Richard D Betzold, Allan B Peetz, Oliver L Gunter, Oscar D Guillamondegui
INTRODUCTION: The goal of this study was to integrate temporal and weather data in order to create an artificial neural network (ANN) to predict trauma volume, the number of emergent operative cases, and average daily acuity at a level 1 trauma center. METHODS: Trauma admission data from TRACS and weather data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) was collected for all adult trauma patients from July 2013-June 2016. The ANN was constructed using temporal (time, day of week), and weather factors (daily high, active precipitation) to predict four points of daily trauma activity: number of traumas, number of penetrating traumas, average ISS, and number of immediate OR cases per day...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671875/atrial-remodeling-and-ectopic-burden-in-recreational-athletes-implications-for-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation
#2
Adrian D Elliott, Rajiv Mahajan, Dominik Linz, Michael Stokes, Christian V Verdicchio, Melissa E Middeldorp, Andre La Gerche, Dennis H Lau, Prashanthan Sanders
BACKGROUND: Atrial remodeling, vagal tone and atrial ectopic triggers have been suggested to contribute to the increased incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in endurance athletes. How these parameters change with increased lifetime training hours is debated. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesised that atrial remodeling occurs in proportion to total training history, thus contributing to the elevated risk of AF. METHODS: We recruited 99 recreational endurance athletes, subsequently grouped according to lifetime training hours, to undergo evaluation of atrial size, autonomic modulation and atrial ectopy...
April 19, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661202/exercise-training-improves-intramuscular-triglyceride-lipolysis-sensitivity-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-mice
#3
Kangeun Ko, Jinhee Woo, Ju Yong Bae, Hee Tae Roh, Yul Hyo Lee, Ki Ok Shin
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether regular exercise training enhances intramuscular triglyceride (IMTG) lipolysis sensitivity during consumption of a continued high-fat diet by exploring changes in biochemical factors activated by IMTG lipolysis. METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice aged 4 weeks were randomly divided into a high-fat diet group (HF) to induce obesity for 6 weeks and a control (CO) group. Thereafter, the HF group was divided into a high-fat diet group (HF) and high-fat diet + training group (HFT)...
April 16, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655762/amateur-endurance-triathletes-performance-is-improved-independently-of-volume-or-intensity-based-training
#4
Vicente Javier Clemente-Suárez, Rosa Delgado-Moreno, Beatriz González, Javier Ortega, Domingo Jesús Ramos-Campo
The aim of the present research was to compare the effects in swimming and running performance, horizontal jump test, autonomic modulation, and body composition of four training weeks with emphasis on volume versus intensity in moderate trained triathletes. Thirty-two amateur triathletes (20 males and 12 females) were randomly divided in three different groups that performed 6 training session per week: Intensity (INT): training focused on performs intensity training Volume (VOL): training focused on performs volume training; and Control (CON): physical active group with no periodized training...
April 12, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653378/possible-origins-of-consciousness-in-simple-control-over-involuntary-neuroimmunological-action
#5
REVIEW
Kevin B Clark
The origin(s) and purpose(s) of consciousness continue to be fervently debated by neuroscientists. A recent unconventional hypothesis put forth by Morsella et al. suggests the primary function of consciousness is the integration, selection, and execution of advantageous lower-level voluntary skeletal muscle behavior on surrounding external environments. However, at main issue is whether more precise, adaptable voluntary skeletal motor action, and therefore the corresponding workings of consciousness, first emerged and evolved in animals to exert control over external environments or internal ones regulated by less flexible autonomic function...
April 10, 2018: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652908/automatic-lesion-detection-and-segmentation-of-18f-fet-pet-in-gliomas-a-full-3d-u-net-convolutional-neural-network-study
#6
Paul Blanc-Durand, Axel Van Der Gucht, Niklaus Schaefer, Emmanuel Itti, John O Prior
INTRODUCTION: Amino-acids positron emission tomography (PET) is increasingly used in the diagnostic workup of patients with gliomas, including differential diagnosis, evaluation of tumor extension, treatment planning and follow-up. Recently, progresses of computer vision and machine learning have been translated for medical imaging. Aim was to demonstrate the feasibility of an automated 18F-fluoro-ethyl-tyrosine (18F-FET) PET lesion detection and segmentation relying on a full 3D U-Net Convolutional Neural Network (CNN)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645352/the-uk-rope-study-efficacy-and-safety-of-prostate-artery-embolisation-for-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-an-observational-study-and-propensity-matched-comparison-with-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate
#7
A F Ray, J Powell, M J Speakman, N T Longford, R DasGupta, T Bryant, S Modi, J Dyer, M Harris, G Carolan-Rees, N Hacking
OBJECTIVES: The UK Register of Prostate Embolisation (UK ROPE) study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of Prostate Artery Embolisation (PAE) for Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms secondary to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH) patients. The main secondary aim was an indirect comparison with transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). SUBJECTS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: As a joint initiative between BSIR, BAUS and NICE, this study recruited 305 patients across 17 UK urological / interventional radiology centres: 216 PAE, 89 TURP...
April 12, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644056/lung-ultrasonography-in-end-stage-renal-disease-moving-from-evidence-to-practice-a-narrative-review
#8
Daniel W Ross, Mohammed M Abbasi, Kenar D Jhaveri, Mala Sachdeva, Ilene Miller, Richard Barnett, Mangala Narasimhan, Paul Mayo, Massini Merzkani, Anna T Mathew
Traditionally, point of care ultrasonography in nephrology has been used for renal biopsies and dialysis line placement. However, there is an emerging literature supporting the value of point of care lung ultrasonography in the assessment of volume status for dialysis patients. We conducted a review and identified 12 studies that examined the utility of lung ultrasonography in assessing volume status in patients with end-stage renal disease. We conclude that lung ultrasonography can be used to determine volume status in chronic dialysis patients by identifying lung congestion using the B-line score...
April 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643814/impact-of-short-term-training-camp-on-aortic-blood-pressure-in-collegiate-endurance-runners
#9
Tsubasa Tomoto, Jun Sugawara, Ai Hirasawa, Tomoko Imai, Seiji Maeda, Shigehiko Ogoh
To investigate the influence of short-term vigorous endurance training on aortic blood pressure (BP), pulse wave analysis was performed in 36 highly trained elite collegiate endurance runners before and after a 7-day intense training camp. Subjects participated three training sessions per day, which mainly consisted of long distance running and sprint training to reach the daily target distance of 26 km. After the camp, they were divided into two groups based on whether the target training was achieved. Aortic systolic BP, pulse pressure, and tension-time index (TTI, a surrogate index of the myocardial oxygen demand) were significantly elevated after the camp in the accomplished group but not in the unaccomplished group, whereas the brachial BP remained unchanged in both groups...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629183/differences-in-the-occurrence-and-characteristics-of-injuries-between-full-time-and-part-time-dancers
#10
Amy Jo Vassallo, Evangelos Pappas, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Claire E Hiller
Background: Professional dancers are at significant risk of injury due to the physical demands of their career. Despite their high numbers, the experience of injury in freelance or part-time dancers is not well understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the occurrence and characteristics of injury in part-time compared with full-time Australian professional dancers. Methods: Data were collected using a cross-sectional survey distributed to employees of small and large dance companies and freelance dancers in Australia...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627334/preoperative-risk-score-to-predict-occult-metastatic-or-locally-advanced-disease-in-patients-with-resectable-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma-on-imaging
#11
Jimme K Wiggers, Bas Groot Koerkamp, David van Klaveren, Robert J Coelen, C Yung Nio, Peter J Allen, Marc G Besselink, Olivier R Busch, Michael I D'Angelica, Ronald P DeMatteo, T Peter Kingham, Thomas M van Gulik, William R Jarnagin
BACKGROUND: Many patients with resectable perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC) on imaging are intra-operatively diagnosed with occult metastatic or locally advanced disease precluding a curative-intent resection. This study aimed to develop and validate a preoperative risk score. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with resectable PHC on imaging who underwent surgery in two high-volume centers (USA and Europe) between 2000 and 2015 were included. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to develop the risk score...
April 5, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625502/effectiveness-of-robotic-lobectomy-outcome-and-learning-curve-in-a-high-volume-center
#12
Danjouma Housmanou Cheufou, Khaled Mardanzai, Till Ploenes, Dirk Theegarten, Georgios Stamatis, Sandra Kampe, Clemens Aigner
BACKGROUND:  Robotic surgery has been developed as a sophisticated tool to expand possibilities in minimal invasive surgery. The learning curve for this method is short in various surgical fields; however, limited data exist on the learning curve in robotic thoracic surgery. METHODS:  This study analyzes a single center experience of robotic lobectomies using a prospectively kept database. Perioperative data and outcome of patients during the learning curve were compared with patients operated with increased institutional experience...
April 6, 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619796/overnight-fasting-compromises-exercise-intensity-and-volume-during-sprint-interval-training-but-improves-high-intensity-aerobic-endurance
#13
Tasuku Terada, Saeed R Toghi Eshghi, Yilina Liubaoerjijin, Michael Kennedy, Etienne Myette-Côté, Kevin Fletcher, Normand G Boulé
BACKGROUND: The combined effects of sprint interval training (SIT) and exercising in the fasted state are unknown. We compared the effects of SIT with exogenous carbohydrate supplementation (SITCHO) and SIT following overnight fast (SITFast) on aerobic capacity (peak oxygen consumption: V̇ O2peak) and high-intensity aerobic endurance (time-to-exhaustion at 85% V̇ O2peak [T85%]). METHODS: Twenty male cyclists were randomized to SITCHO and SITFast. Both groups performed 30-second all-out cycling followed by 4-minute active recovery 3 times per week for 4 weeks, with the number of sprint bouts progressing from 4 to 7...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619649/multi-center-study-finds-postoperative-residual-non-enhancing-component-of-glioblastoma-as-a-new-determinant-of-patient-outcome
#14
Aikaterini Kotrotsou, Ahmed Elakkad, Jia Sun, Ginu A Thomas, Dongni Yang, Srishti Abrol, Wei Wei, Jeffrey S Weinberg, Ali S Bakhtiari, Moritz F Kircher, Markus M Luedi, John F de Groot, Raymond Sawaya, Ashok J Kumar, Pascal O Zinn, Rivka R Colen
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study is to assess whether postoperative residual non-enhancing volume (PRNV) is correlated and predictive of overall survival (OS) in glioblastoma (GBM) patients. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a total 134 GBM patients obtained from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center (training cohort, n = 97) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (validation cohort, n = 37). All patients had undergone postoperative magnetic resonance imaging immediately after surgery...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618790/identification-of-individual-subjects-on-the-basis-of-their-brain-anatomical-features
#15
Seyed Abolfazl Valizadeh, Franziskus Liem, Susan Mérillat, Jürgen Hänggi, Lutz Jäncke
We examined whether it is possible to identify individual subjects on the basis of brain anatomical features. For this, we analyzed a dataset comprising 191 subjects who were scanned three times over a period of two years. Based on FreeSurfer routines, we generated three datasets covering 148 anatomical regions (cortical thickness, area, volume). These three datasets were also combined to a dataset containing all of these three measures. In addition, we used a dataset comprising 11 composite anatomical measures for which we used larger brain regions (11LBR)...
April 4, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610076/predicting-ct-image-from-mri-data-through-feature-matching-with-learned-nonlinear-local-descriptors
#16
Wei Yang, Liming Zhong, Yang Chen, Liyan Lin, Zhentai Lu, Shupeng Liu, Yao Wu, Qianjin Feng, Wufan Chen
Attenuation correction for positron-emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance (MR) hybrid imaging systems and dose planning for MR-based radiation therapy remain challenging due to insufficient high-energy photon attenuation information. We present a novel approach that uses the learned nonlinear local descriptors and feature matching to predict pseudo computed tomography (pCT) images from T1-weighted and T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data. The nonlinear local descriptors are obtained by projecting the linear descriptors into the nonlinear high-dimensional space using an explicit feature map and low-rank approximation with supervised manifold regularization...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609549/a-statistical-approach-to-identify-monitor-and-manage-incomplete-curated-data-sets
#17
Douglas G Howe
BACKGROUND: Many biological knowledge bases gather data through expert curation of published literature. High data volume, selective partial curation, delays in access, and publication of data prior to the ability to curate it can result in incomplete curation of published data. Knowing which data sets are incomplete and how incomplete they are remains a challenge. Awareness that a data set may be incomplete is important for proper interpretation, to avoiding flawed hypothesis generation, and can justify further exploration of published literature for additional relevant data...
April 2, 2018: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608734/results-of-surgery-for-low-grade-brain-arteriovenous-malformation-resection-by-early-career-neurosurgeons-an-observational-study
#18
Nirav J Patel, David Bervini, Behzad Eftekhar, Andrew Stewart Davidson, Daniel C Walsh, Nazih N Assaad, Michael Kerin Morgan
BACKGROUND: For sustainability of arteriovenous malformation (AVM) surgery, results from early career cerebrovascular neurosurgeons (ECCNs) must be acceptably safe. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether ECCNs performance of Spetzler-Ponce Class A AVM (SPC A) resection can be acceptably safe. METHODS: ECCNs completing a cerebrovascular fellowship (2004-2015) with the last author were included. Inclusion of the ECCN cases occurred if they: had a prospective database of all AVM cases since commencing independent practice; were the primary surgeon on SPC A; and had made the significant management decisions...
March 28, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605315/low-colostrum-yield-in-jersey-cattle-and-potential-risk-factors
#19
K Gavin, H Neibergs, A Hoffman, J N Kiser, M A Cornmesser, S Amirpour Haredasht, B Martínez-López, J R Wenz, D A Moore
Consumption of an adequate volume of high-quality colostrum is vital to a dairy calf's ability to survive and become a productive herd member. However, some dairy herds have reported a deficiency of colostrum production, which ranges from a low volume to no colostrum produced, by cows during fall and winter. Little information regarding this phenomenon exists. The purpose of this study was to characterize the syndrome and identify potential risk factors for low colostrum yield. A 2,500-cow Jersey dairy farm was enrolled in a prospective cohort study in May 2016, to evaluate possible effects of photoperiod, temperature, and cow factors on colostrum production...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604454/bayesian-convolutional-neural-network-based-mri-brain-extraction-on-nonhuman-primates
#20
Gengyan Zhao, Fang Liu, Jonathan A Oler, Mary E Meyerand, Ned H Kalin, Rasmus M Birn
Brain extraction or skull stripping of magnetic resonance images (MRI) is an essential step in neuroimaging studies, the accuracy of which can severely affect subsequent image processing procedures. Current automatic brain extraction methods demonstrate good results on human brains, but are often far from satisfactory on nonhuman primates, which are a necessary part of neuroscience research. To overcome the challenges of brain extraction in nonhuman primates, we propose a fully-automated brain extraction pipeline combining deep Bayesian convolutional neural network (CNN) and fully connected three-dimensional (3D) conditional random field (CRF)...
March 28, 2018: NeuroImage
keyword
keyword
71624
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"