Read by QxMD icon Read

cva and stroke

Elena V Galitsyna, Margarita A Sazonova, Tatiana P Shkurat, Natalya A Demakova, Alexsandra A Melnichenko, Vasily V Sinyov, Anastasia I Ryzhkova, Konstantin Y Mitrofanov, Andrey V Zhelankin, Igor A Sobenin, Alexander N Orekhov
The present article considers chronic diseases of non-inflammatory genesis, the reasons of which may be mitochondrial dysfunctions. Among them are: coronary heart disease (CHD), hypertension, cardiomyopathy, cerebrovascular accidents and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). Very often, in the long course of the disease, complications may occur, leading to myocardial infarction or ischemic stroke and as a result, death. The main cause of mitochondrial dysfunction are point mitochondrial genome mutations. During the analysis of the literature, data showing the association of the mitochondrial genome mutations with the above diseases were revealed...
October 18, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Saleem I Abdulrauf, Peter Vuong, Ritesh Patel, Raghu Sampath, Ahmed M Ashour, Lauren M Germany, Jonathon Lebovitz, Colt Brunson, Yuvraj Nijjar, J Kyle Dryden, Maheen Q Khan, Mihaela G Stefan, Evan Wiley, Ryan T Cleary, Connor Reis, Jodi Walsh, Paula Buchanan
OBJECTIVE Risk of ischemia during aneurysm surgery is significantly related to temporary clipping time and final clipping that might incorporate a perforator. In this study, the authors attempted to assess the potential added benefit to patient outcomes of "awake" neurological testing when compared with standard neurophysiological testing performed under general anesthesia. The procedure is performed after the induction of conscious sedation, and for the neurological testing, the patient is fully awake. METHODS The authors conducted an institutional review board-approved prospective study of clipping unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) in 30 consecutive adult patients who underwent awake clipping...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Rachel S Bronheim, Eric K Oermann, Samuel K Cho, John M Caridi
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between abnormal coagulation profile and postoperative morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing posterior lumbar fusion (PLF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The literature suggests that abnormal coagulation profile is associated with postoperative complications, notably the need for blood transfusion. However, there is little research that directly addresses the influence of coagulation profile on postoperative complications following PLF...
October 17, 2016: Spine
Amal Dev D, Abraham Varghese, Sunil Mathew, P Viswanatha, Sajit Varghese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Francisco J Valero-Cuevas, Verena Klamroth-Marganska, Carolee J Winstein, Robert Riener
BACKGROUND: Comparing the efficacy of alternative therapeutic strategies for the rehabilitation of motor function in chronically impaired individuals is often inconclusive. For example, a recent randomized clinical trial (RCT) compared robot-assisted vs. conventional therapy in 77 patients who had had chronic motor impairment after a cerebrovascular accident. While patients assigned to robotic therapy had greater improvements in the primary outcome measure (change in score on the upper extremity section of the Fugl-Meyer assessment), the absolute difference between therapies was small, which left the clinical relevance in question...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Yigal Abramowitz, Hasan Jilaihawi, Tarun Chakravarty, Yoshio Maeno, Hiroyuki Kawamori, Yoshio Kazuno, Geeteshwar Mangat, Tanya Rami, Zev Allison, David Anderson, Larry Chan, Wen Cheng, Raj R Makkar
OBJECTIVES: Aortic valve preparation with balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) has been previously considered mandatory during transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedures. BAV-inherent risks including stroke, conduction abnormalities, and reduced device profile size established the rationale for safe valve deployment without the need for aggressive valve preparation. We investigate the feasibility and safety of performing Sapien 3 (S3; Edwards Lifesciences) balloon-expandable TAVI with moderate or without predilation (PD)...
October 2016: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
Shinya Unai, My-Le Nguyen, Daizo Tanaka, Nataliya Gorbachuk, Gregary D Marhefka, Hitoshi Hirose, Nicholas C Cavarocchi
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) is known to be a predisposition to thromboembolism and cerebrovascular accident. The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors and the consequences of SEC in patients who were placed on venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) because of cardiogenic shock. METHODS: Between January 2011 and December 2014, 98 patients underwent the insertion of VA-ECMO because of cardiogenic shock in our institution...
September 28, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Seokchun Lim, Louanne M Carabini, Robert D Kim, Ryan Khanna, Nader S Dahdaleh, Zachary A Smith
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Higher ASA classification is a known predictor of postoperative complication in diverse surgical settings. However, its predictive value is not established in single-level elective anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (SLE-ACDF). PURPOSE: To evaluate the predictive value of American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) classification system on 30-day morbidity following SLE-ACDF STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Patients who underwent SLE-ACDF between 2011-2013 were selected from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database...
September 23, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Vikram A Londhey
SLE (systemic lupus erythematosus) is a multisystem autoimmune disorder of unknown aetiology which can present with myriad clinical presentation. The neurological manifestations of SLE consist of central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system manifestations (PNS). The CNS manifestations are aseptic meningitis, cerebrovascular accidents (stroke), demyelinating disorders, headache, involuntary movements like chorea, myelopathy, acute confusional states, cognitive dysfunction, mood disorder, seizures, psychosis and cranial nerve palsies...
December 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Mostafa Almasi, Nader Hodjati Firoozabadi, Faeze Ghasemi, Mojtaba Chardoli
Background. The ABCD2 score is now identified as a useful clinical prediction rule to determine the risk for stroke in the days following brain ischemic attacks. Aim. The present study aimed to introduce a new scoring system named "ABCD2F" and compare its value with the previous ABCD2 system to predict recurrent ischemic stroke within 90 days of the initial cerebrovascular accident (CVA). Methods. 138 consecutive patients with the final diagnosis of ischemic CVA or TIAs who referred to emergency ward of Rasoul-e-Akram general hospital in Tehran from September 2012 to December 2013 were eligible...
2016: Neurology Research International
Po-Cheng Chen, Mei-Yun Liaw, Lin-Yi Wang, Yu-Chin Tsai, Yi-Jung Hsin, Yung-Che Chen, Shyh-Ming Chen, Meng-Chih Lin
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary function can be adversely affected after a cerebrovascular accident in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and feasibility of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) for stroke patients with CHF. METHODS: A prospective randomized single-blind controlled trial was conducted in a single tertiary medical center in southern Taiwan between May 2011 and July 2015. Forty-one patients were enrolled, of whom 21 completed the study (IMT group n = 11 and control group n = 10)...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Marine M Tanashyan, Polina I Kuznetsova, Alla A Shabalina, Anton A Raskurazhev, Olga V Lagoda, Irina N Subortseva, Anait L Melikyan
BACKGROUND: Disturbances of microcirculation play a significant role in the development and progression of both acute and chronic cerebrovascular diseases (CVD) and may be associated with different hemogram abnormalities. One of the reasons of the prothrombogenic state of the endothelium is the increase in the number of blood corpuscles leading to (non-Ph) myeloproliferative disorders (MPD) including essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV), and primary myelofibrosis (PM)...
September 7, 2016: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
Alex Gonzalez-Bossolo, Alexis Gonzalez-Rivera, Santiago Coste-Sibilia
Thyroid storm is a life-threatening condition that occurs secondary to an uncontrolled hyperthyroid state. Atrial fibrillation is a cardiovascular complication occurring in up to 15% of patients experiencing thyroid storm, and if left untreated this condition could have up to a 25% mortality rate. Thyroid storm with stroke is a rare presentation. This case report details a left middle cerebral artery (MCA) stroke with global aphasia and thyroid storm in a 53-year-old Hispanic male patient. Although uncommon, this combination has been reported in multiple case series...
2016: Case Reports in Endocrinology
Gin-Yi Lee, Yu-Ting Lee, Chiu-Mei Yeh, Pei Hsu, Ting-Wei Lin, Jyh-Pyng Gau, Yuan-Bin Yu, Liang-Tsai Hsiao, Cheng-Hwai Tzeng, Tzeon-Jye Chiou, Jin-Hwang Liu, Yao-Chung Liu, Chia-Jen Liu
Cerebrovascular events are a common complication among patients with cancer, increasing morbidity and mortality. However, the association between multiple myeloma and cerebrovascular events remains unclear. We therefore investigated multiple myeloma patients' risk factors for stroke to devise a better stroke-prevention strategy. This study includes consecutive patients 20 years and older who were newly diagnosed with symptomatic multiple myeloma at Taipei Veterans General Hospital, a tertiary medical center, between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2014...
August 22, 2016: Hematological Oncology
Stojanović Predrag
Clostridium difficile is the leading cause of infectious diarrhoea in hospitalized patients. The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors important for the development of hospital-acquired Clostridium difficile-associated disease and clinical manifestations of Clostridium difficile-associated disease. The clinical trial group included 37 hospitalized patients who were selected according to the inclusion criteria. A control group of 74 hospitalized patients was individually matched with cases based on hospital, age (within 4 years), sex and month of admission...
October 2016: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
Alexandra M Lesenskyj, Christina R Maxwell, Erol Veznedaroglu, Kenneth Liebman, Zakaria Hakma, Mandy J Binning
INTRODUCTION: Immediate treatment has been shown to decrease the recurrence of cerebrovascular accidents following transient ischemic attacks (TIA), prompting the use of a specialized neurologic emergency department (Neuro ED) to triage patients. Despite these findings, there is little evidence supporting the notion that hospital admission improves post-TIA outcomes. Through the lens of a Neuro ED, this retrospective chart review of TIA patients examines whether hospital admission improves 90-day outcomes...
September 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Kainan Li, Yingjie Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively evaluated Gamma nail internal fixation in the treatment of elderly patients with post-stroke hemiplegia experiencing trochanteric hip fracture. METHODS: The patients were obtained consecutively from January 2005 to December 2010 with inclusion criteria. The total number was 138 and allocated to two groups: treated with the Gamma nail (n=72,group A) and continuous skin traction (n=66,group B). Preoperative variables including patient age, gender, duration of cerebrovascular accident, duration of hypertension, ASA risk score, Harris hip score and fracture type were recorded and compared...
October 2016: Injury
Sui-Hua Ho, Chiuhsiang Joe Lin, Fen-Ling Kuo
BACKGROUND: Compared with traditional rehabilitation, gardening has been viewed as a more occupation-based intervention to help patients improve functional performance. However, there is still a need for evidence-based research into what factors interact to create the beneficial effects of gardening for people who have sustained a cerebral vascular accident (CVA). OBJECTIVE: To explore how plant, gender, and the time after stroke onset influenced improvements in the quality of life of patients in a gardening program...
June 27, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Jacqueline S Laures-Gore, Matthew Farina, Elliot Moore, Scott Russell
BACKGROUND: Assessment and diagnosis of post-stroke depression (PSD) among patients with aphasia presents unique challenges. A gold standard assessment of PSD among this population has yet to be identified. OBJECTIVES: The first aim was to investigate the association between two depression scales developed for assessing depressive symptoms among patients with aphasia. The second aim was to evaluate the relation between these scales and a measure of perceived stress...
June 27, 2016: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Nicole E Tuong, Adam P Klausner, Lance J Hampton
INTRODUCTION: Cerebrovascular accidents, or strokes, are a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Urinary incontinence is a prevalent morbidity experienced by post-stroke patients that is associated with long term disability and institutionalization effects on these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An extensive literature review was conducted using multiple academic search engines using the keywords: 'stroke,' 'CVA,' 'urinary incontinence,' 'urodynamics,' 'pharmacologic treatments,' and 'conservative treatments...
June 2016: Canadian Journal of Urology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"