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portal vein ligation

Ernesto Sparrelid, Stefan Gilg, Torkel B Brismar, Lars Lundell, Bengt Isaksson
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) can be used as an effective and safe rescue procedure in patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) and insufficient effect on the future liver remnant (FLR) after previous portal vein occlusion (PVO). METHODS: Eleven patients with bilobar CRLM treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and previous PVO with insufficient effect on the FLR were analyzed retrospectively from a prospective database...
October 19, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Ahmed Kamel Abdel-Aal, Nabila Dawoud, Amr Soliman Moustafa, Maysoon F Hamed, Souheil Saddekni
We report a case of 59-year-old female with non-alcoholic-steato-hepatitis (NASH) induced cirrhosis, who presented with hematochezia. The patient had a history of bleeding esophageal varices treated with endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL). Colonoscopy showed large rectal varices which were the source of her lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB). Since endoscopic treatment for LGIB are limited, and because the patient had portal vein thrombosis which contraindicated transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS), we performed percutaneous transhepatic embolization of her rectal varices using a new mixture of embolic and sclerotic agents, followed by Amplatzer plug 2 (AVP 2)...
September 2016: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
Aiman Obed, Anwar Jarrad, Abdalla Bashir
BACKGROUND Associated Liver Partition and Portal vein ligation with Staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) leads to rapid hepatic hypertrophy and decreases incidence of post-hepatectomy liver failure in patients with a marginal future liver remnant. Various procedural ALPPS modifications were previously described. Here, we present the first case of a new ALPPS modification, carrying out a left hepatic trisectionectomy with segment 1. CASE REPORT We present the case of a 36-year-old woman with locally advanced sigmoid adeno-carcinoma and extensive left liver metastases extending to segment V and VIII, who received state-of-the-art systemic conversion chemotherapy...
October 19, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
Christopher W Mangieri, Jason C McCartt, Matthew A Strode, John E Lowry, Prasad M Balakrishna
BACKGROUND: As hepatic surgery has become safer and more commonly performed, the extent of hepatic resections has increased. When there is not enough expected hepatic reserve to facilitate primary resection of hepatic tumors, a clinical adjunct to facilitating primary resection is portal vein embolization (PVE). PVE allows the hepatic remnant to increase to an appropriate size prior to resection via hepatocyte regeneration; however, PVE is not always successful in facilitating adequate regeneration...
October 17, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
M A Machado, R Surjan, T Basseres, F Makdissi
BACKGROUND: Associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) allows R0 resection even for patients with extremely small future liver remnants. The ALPPS procedure was initially described for two-stage right trisectionectomy. Reversal ALPPS is a denomination in which the future liver remnant is the right posterior section of the liver. PATIENT: A 42-year-old woman with colorectal metastases in all segments except segment 1 underwent chemotherapy with objective response and was referred for surgical treatment...
October 12, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Ji Hye Jun, Jong Ho Choi, Si Hyun Bae, Seh Hoon Oh, Gi Jin Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic liver disease leads to liver fibrosis, and although the liver does have a certain regenerative capacity, this disease is associated with dysfunction of the liver vessels. C-reactive protein (CRP) is produced in the liver and circulated from there for metabolism. CRP was recently shown to inhibit angiogenesis by inducing endothelial cell dysfunction. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of CRP levels on angiogenesis in a rat model of liver dysfunction induced by bile duct ligation (BDL)...
September 2016: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
Júlio Rocha Pimenta, Alexandre Rodrigues Ferreira, Paulo Fernando Souto Bittencourt, Camilo Brandão de Resende, Eleonora Druve Tavares Fagundes, Isabela Maria Lopes da Silva
Background: The efficacy of nonselective β-blocker and endoscopic procedures, such as endoscopic variceal ligation, as primary prophylaxis of variceal hemorrhage in cirrhotic adults was demonstrated by numerous controlled trials, but in pediatric population, few are the number of studies. Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate the primary prophylaxis with β-blocker in cirrhotic children and adolescents with portal hypertension. Methods: This is a cohort study encompassing 26 cirrhotic patients...
October 2016: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Toshiharu Matsuura, Yoshiaki Takahashi, Yusuke Yanagi, Koichiro Yoshimaru, Kenichiro Yamamura, Eiji Morihana, Hazumu Nagata, Kiyoshi Uike, Hidetoshi Takada, Tomoaki Taguchi
BACKGROUND: Congenital portosystemic shunts (CPSS) with intrahepatic portal vein (IHPV) hypoplasia or absence cause encephalopathy or pulmonary hypertension (PH). Acute shunt closure may result in postoperative portal hypertension. The aim of this study was to propose a surgical strategy according to the anatomical types of CPSS and IHPV. METHODS: Twenty-three CPSS patients were diagnosed from1990 to 2015. All patients were evaluated by computed tomography, angiography, and PV pressure monitoring under a shunt occlusion test...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Vojko Flis, Stojan Potrc, Nina Kobilica, Arpad Ivanecz
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have shown that patients with vascular tumour invasion who undergo concurrent vascular resection can achieve long-term survival rates equivalent to those without vascular involvement requiring pancreaticoduodenectomy alone. There is no consensus about which patients benefit from the portal-superior mesenteric vein resection and there is no consensus about the best surgical technique of vessel reconstruction (resection with or without graft reconstruction). As published series are small the aim of this study was to evaluate our experience in pancreatectomies with en bloc vascular resection and reconstruction of vessels...
September 1, 2016: Radiology and Oncology
Demetrios Moris, Spyridon Vernadakis, Alexandros Papalampros, Michail Vailas, Nikolaos Dimitrokallis, Athanasios Petrou, Dimitrios Dimitroulis
AIM: To highlight the potential mechanisms of regeneration in the Associating Liver Partition and Portal vein ligation for Stage hepatectomy models (clinical and experimental) that could unlock the myth behind the extraordinary capability of the liver for regeneration, which would help in designing new therapeutic options for the regenerative drive in difficult setup, such as chronic liver diseases. Associating Liver Partition and Portal vein ligation for Stage hepatectomy has been recently advocated to induce rapid future liver remnant hypertrophy that significantly shortens the time for the second stage hepatectomy...
September 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
L X Cai, S L He, F Q Wei, Y C Yu, X J Cai
Objective: The aim was to explore the strategy and clinical value of laparoscopic transection of median hepatic fissure (MHF) in difficult laparoscopic liver resections. Methods: First the MHF was located and marked, then the transection plane of the MHF was set. Next, the laparoscopic Multifuctional Operative Dissector (LPMOD) and the technique of curettage and aspiration were utilized to transect the liver beginning from the middle portion of the gallbladder fossa, in a caudal-to-cranial and anterior-to-posterior direction, until the clear exposure of the anterior surface of the intrahepatic inferior vena cava...
September 13, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Pietro Addeo, Gennaro Nappo, Emanuele Felli, Constantin Oncioiu, François Faitot, Philippe Bachellier
Nowadays, pancreaticoduodenectomies (PD) with an "en-bloc" resection of the spleno-mesenterico-portal (SMP) venous axis are safely performed at tertiary centers for patients presenting venous invasion. However, for tumors infiltrating the SMP confluence optimal management of the splenic vein (SV) remains a matter of debate. Simple SV ligation has been associated with the development of sinistral portal hypertension, gastrointestinal bleeding and hypersplenism over the long term. To avoid these complications, reconstructive methods such as the direct implantation of the SV into a SMP "neoconfluence", the inferior mesenteric vein-SV anastomosis and the distal spleno-renal shunt have been reported...
September 20, 2016: Updates in Surgery
D Eshmuminov, D A Raptis, M Linecker, A Wirsching, M Lesurtel, P-A Clavien
BACKGROUND: Discussion is ongoing regarding whether associating liver partition with portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) or portal vein occlusion is better in staged hepatectomy. The aim of this study was to compare available strategies using a two-stage approach in extended hepatectomy. METHODS: A literature search was performed in MEDLINE, Scopus, the Cochrane Library and Embase, and additional articles were identified by hand searching. Data from the international ALPPS registry were extracted...
September 16, 2016: British Journal of Surgery
Daisuke Kawaguchi, Yukihiko Hiroshima, Kenichi Matsuo, Itaru Endo, Keiji Koda, Kuniya Tanaka
AIM: To evaluate whether the congested area that develops in associating liver partition with portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) contributes to rapid future liver remnant (FLR) hypertrophy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight patients undergoing liver partition and right portal vein (RPV) ligation within the FLR in the first operation of ALPPS were compared with eight patients undergoing RPV embolization in the FLR as the first operation of classical two-stage (CTS) hepatectomy...
September 2016: Anticancer Research
Kuniya Tanaka, Yutaro Kikuchi, Daisuke Kawaguchi, Takashi Murakami, Yukihiko Hiroshima, Kenichi Matsuo
OBJECTIVE: We describe a modified procedure associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) including portal pedicle preservation during parenchymal division, thus avoiding necrosis. BACKGROUND: Although ALPPS recently has been advocated for treating advanced liver tumors, sepsis originating from the ischemic area produced by parenchymal division increases mortality, accounting for one-third of postoperative deaths. METHODS: Our procedure differs from the original ALPPS technique by sparing portal pedicles at the transection plane, thus maintaining blood supply...
September 8, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Albert C Y Chan, Kenneth Chok, Jeff W C Dai, Chung Mau Lo
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggested that associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy with a partial split could effectively induce the same degree of future liver remnant hypertrophy as a complete split in non-cirrhotic and non-cholestatic livers with better postoperative safety profiles. Our aim was to evaluate if the same phenomenon could be applied to hepatitis-related chronic liver diseases. METHODS: In the study, 25 patients who underwent associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy from October 2013 to January 2016 for hepatocellular carcinoma were analyzed...
September 2, 2016: Surgery
Uirá Fernandes Teixeira, Mayara Christ Machry, Marcos Bertozzi Goldoni, Cristine Kruse, João Alfredo Diedrich, Pablo Duarte Rodrigues, Caroline Becker Giacomazzi, Estéfano Aurélio Negri, Matheus Koop, Carlos Gustavo Spode Gomes, José Artur Sampaio, Paulo Roberto Ott Fontes, Fábio Luiz Waechter
Portal vein thrombosis is observed in up to 10% of liver transplant candidates, hindering execution of the procedure. A dilated gastric vein is an alternative to portal vein reconstruction and decompression of splanchnic bed. We present two cases of patients with portal cavernoma and dilated left gastric vein draining splanchnic bed who underwent liver transplantation. The vein was dissected and sectioned near the cardia; the proximal segment was ligated with suture and the distal segment was anastomosed to the donor portal vein...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
Z G Hu, P B Huang, Z Y Zhou, C C He, H Y Zhang, W B Li, Z Y Xiao, J L Zhang, Y Y Xu, K Xu, C H Fang, J Wang
OBJECTIVE: To preliminarily explore the application value of two-dimensional image technology and three-dimensional visualization technology in hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) treated by associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy(ALPPS). METHODS: Clinical data of nineteen HCC patients treated by ALPPS were retrospectively analyzed in Sun-Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from August 2013 to May 2015.Preoperative assessment, surgical planning and intraoperative guidance were assisted by traditional two-dimensional imaging technology(group 2D) in 15 cases, and the rest 4 cases were assisted by three-dimensional visualization technology(group 3D)...
September 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
P P Li, H Liu, S Y Fu, C Lin, Z Y Pan, J Zhang, J S Ni, S X Yuan, W P Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the application of liver visualization technology in complex liver tumor resection at the second hepatic portal area. METHODS: Clinical data of 80 cases who received surgery at the second hepatic portal area from August 2014 to September 2015 in the Third Department of Hepatic Surgery of Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. There were 58 male and 22 female patients aged from 21 to 70 years with median age of 52 years...
September 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Yoshikuni Kawaguchi, Vimalraj Velayutham, David Fuks, Frederic Mal, Norihiro Kokudo, Brice Gayet
BACKGROUND: The lack of a complete hepatic overview and tactile feedback during laparoscopic hepatectomy may result in near misses or fatal intraoperative complications despite the advantage of a magnified laparoscopic view. The aim of the study is to describe operative techniques and guiding principles with which to address near misses unique to laparoscopic hepatectomy and evaluate the intraoperative complication rate overtime. METHODS: Data of 408 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic hepatectomy were reviewed...
August 23, 2016: Surgery
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