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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932485/perinatal-outcomes-following-labor-induction-with-dinoprostone-in-pregnancies-with-borderline-amniotic-fluid-index-at-term-a-clinical-observation-study
#1
Heng Yin, Lei Zhao, Ying Lin, Ying Wang, Yaping Hu, Guoqiang Sun, Mei Xiao
AIM: To compare perinatal outcomes of dinoprostone for induced labor in pregnancies with a borderline versus normal amniotic fluid index (AFI) at term, and to investigate the related factors affecting outcomes of cesarean section. METHODS: The retrospective study was carried out in Hubei Maternal and Child Health Hospital with singleton pregnancies of 37-42 weeks' gestation from January to August 2016. A total of 992 subjects were divided into two groups: borderline AFI group (n =125) with 5 < AFI ≤ 8 and normal AFI group (n = 867) with 8 < AFI ≤ 24...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923969/clinical-symptoms-laboratory-and-microbial-patterns-of-suspected-neonatal-sepsis-cases-in-a-children-s-referral-hospital-in-northwestern-iran
#2
Majid Mahallei, Mohammad Ahangarzadeh Rezaee, Bahareh Mehramuz, Shayan Beheshtirooy, Babak Abdinia
Sepsis is the systemic response to infection manifested as hyperthermia or hypothermia, tachycardia, tachypnea, and shock. This condition represents a major life-threatening factor in all age groups, particularly in neonatal period. The present study aimed to examine the results of blood, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and urine culture tests in suspected neonatal sepsis cases in northwestern Iran.This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on suspected neonatal sepsis cases hospitalized in Tabriz Children's Hospital...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909441/annular-pancreas-in-china-9-years-experience-from-a-single-center
#3
REVIEW
DengLiang Wang, Quan Kang, ShuJun Shi, Wei Hu
To summarize the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis among 152 children with annular pancreas (AP). A retrospective review of 152 patients with AP who were treated with surgical repair between January 2009 and August 2017 was performed at our pediatric surgical units. Presenting symptoms, birth weight, radiological findings, associated anomalies, the type of surgery performed were analyzed. (1) 152 patients were identified, out of which 82 were males, and 70 were females; (2) the average birth weight of children with AP was less than that of healthy newborns...
June 16, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909265/intrapartum-and-perinatal-results-associated-with-different-degrees-of-staining-of-meconium-stained-amniotic-fluid
#4
Vanesa Rodríguez Fernández, Carlos Nicolás López Ramón Y Cajal, Elena Marín Ortiz, Emilio Couceiro Naveira
OBJECTIVE: To determine the intrapartum and perinatal results associated with different degrees of staining of meconium stained amniotic fluid (MSAF). STUDY DESIGN: In a retrospective cohort study of all singleton deliveries over a period of one year (2015) in a tertiary hospital, we compared different degrees of MSAF (yellow, green and thick) to clear amniotic fluids, and analysed in each group maternal, intrapartum and neonatal variables as well as umbilical cord blood gas analysis...
March 20, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908311/longitudinal-study-of-neonatal-brain-tissue-volumes-in-preterm-infants-and-their-ability-to-predict-neurodevelopmental-outcome
#5
REVIEW
L Gui, S Loukas, F Lazeyras, P S Hüppi, D E Meskaldji, C Borradori Tolsa
Premature birth has been associated with poor neurodevelopmental outcomes. However, the relation between such outcomes and brain growth in the neonatal period has not yet been fully elucidated. This study investigates longitudinal brain development between birth and term-equivalent age (TEA) by quantitative imaging in a cohort of premature infants born between 26 and 36 weeks gestational age (GA), to provide insight into the relation of brain growth with later neurodevelopmental outcomes. Longitudinal T2-weighted magnetic resonance images (MRI) of 84 prematurely born infants acquired shortly after birth and TEA were automatically segmented into cortical gray matter (CGM), unmyelinated white matter (UWM), subcortical gray matter (SGM), cerebellum (CB) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)...
June 13, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899783/imaging-findings-in-maple-syrup-urine-disease-a-case-report
#6
Anjaneya S Kathait, Paulo Puac, Mauricio Castillo
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is a rare autosomal-recessive disorder that affects branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) metabolism. It is characterized by accumulation of BCAAs and corresponding branched-chain keto acids of leucine, isoleucine, and valine in plasma, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid. Leucine is toxic to brain cells, leading to cytotoxic edema affecting the myelinated white matter, and involving the corticospinal tracts, thalami, globus palladi, midbrain, dorsal brain stem, and cerebellum. We present a neonate with the classic subtype of MSUD and its imaging features on magnetic resonance imaging...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896740/-mutation-analysis-for-a-methylmalonic-acidemia-pedigree-without-proband-by-high-throughput-sequencing
#7
Peixuan Cao, Xiangyu Zhu, Ying Yang, Yujie Zhu, Jie Li
OBJECTIVE: To apply high-throughput sequencing for the detection of potential mutation in a methylmalonic academia pedigree for which no proband was available. METHODS: For a couple who had previously given birth to an affected child, 14 genes were re-sequenced by high-throughput sequencing. Suspected mutations were validated by Sanger sequencing. Specific mutations were tested for amniotic fluid sample from the fetus. RESULTS: High-throughput sequencing suggested that the husband has carried a heterozygous mutation of the MUT gene (Exon 3: c...
June 10, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896664/neurological-disorders-associated-with-human-alphaherpesviruses
#8
Jun-Ichi Kawada
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitis is the most common cause of sporadic fatal encephalitis worldwide, and central nervous system (CNS) involvement is observed in approximately one-third of neonatal HSV infections . In recent years, single-gene inborn errors of innate immunity have been shown to be associated with susceptibility to HSV encephalitis . Temporal lobe abnormalities revealed by magnetic resonance imaging-the most sensitive imaging method for HSV encephalitis-are considered strong evidence for the disease...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895839/robust-increases-in-erythropoietin-production-by-the-hypoxic-fetus-is-a-response-to-protect-the-brain-and-other-vital-organs
#9
REVIEW
Kari A Teramo, Miira M Klemetti, John A Widness
Fetal erythropoietin (EPO), in addition to regulating erythropoiesis, has also tissue-protective properties based on its anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, antioxidant, and neurotrophic effects. Notably, EPO concentrations needed for tissue protection are 100-1000 times higher than concentrations needed for regulating erythropoiesis. This dual effect of EPO is based on EPO-receptor (EPO-R) isoforms, which differ structurally and functionally. We hypothesize in this Integrated Mechanism Review that during severe fetal hypoxia the observed, but poorly understood, marked increases of fetal plasma EPO concentrations occur to protect the brain, heart, and other vital fetal organs...
June 12, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894780/the-rate-of-neonatal-respiratory-distress-syndrome-transient-tachypnea-in-the-newborn-and-the-amniotic-lamellar-body-count-in-twin-pregnancies-compared-with-singleton-pregnancies
#10
Hiroyuki Tsuda, Tomomi Kotani, Tomoko Nakano, Kenji Imai, Takafumi Ushida, Akihiro Hirakawa, Fumie Kinoshita, Yuichiro Takahashi, Shigenori Iwagaki, Fumitaka Kikkawa
BACKGROUND: Whether or not the period of fetal lung maturity differs between twin and singleton pregnancies has not been clarified. We examined whether or not fetal lung maturity and fetal lung absorption are achieved earlier in twin fetuses than in singleton fetuses. METHODS: We registered 454 singleton pregnancies and 398 twin pregnancies with no congenital abnormalities affecting the respiratory function or neonatal deaths. All patients were delivered by Caesarean section without labor between 24 and 38 gestational weeks...
June 9, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889726/evolution-of-delivery-room-management-for-meconium-stained-infants-recent-updates
#11
Shilpi Chabra
BACKGROUND: The approach to intrapartum and postnatal management of an infant born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) in the delivery room (DR) has changed several times over the last few decades, leading to confusion and anxiety among health care providers (nurses, nurse practitioners, respiratory therapists, midwives, and physicians). This article provides state-of-the-art insight into the evidence or lack thereof for the changes in guidelines. PURPOSE: To discuss the evidence for evolution of DR management of vigorous and nonvigorous infants born through any type of MSAF...
June 8, 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886604/-a-multicenter-epidemiological-study-of-neonatal-bacterial-meningitis-in-parts-of-south-china
#12
(no author information available yet)
Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics (pathogenic bacteria distribution, clinical menifestations and outcomes) of neonatal bacterial meningitis in parts of Guangdong Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Methods: A retrospective epidemiological study was carried out in the infants with bacterial meningitis admitted to 12 hospitals in Guangdong Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region from January 2011 to December 2016. The distribution of pathogenic bacteria and epidemiological characteristics were analyzed during different periods (2011-2012, 2013-2014, 2015-2016), between early-onset and late-onset cases, preterm infants and term infants...
June 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885660/necrotizing-enterocolitis-is-associated-with-acute-brain-responses-in-preterm-pigs
#13
Jing Sun, Xiaoyu Pan, Line I Christiansen, Xiao-Long Yuan, Kerstin Skovgaard, Dereck E W Chatterton, Sanne S Kaalund, Fei Gao, Per T Sangild, Stanislava Pankratova
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is an acute gut inflammatory disorder that occurs in preterm infants in the first weeks after birth. Infants surviving NEC often show impaired neurodevelopment. The mechanisms linking NEC lesions with later neurodevelopment are poorly understood but may include proinflammatory signaling in the immature brain. Using preterm pigs as a model for preterm infants, we hypothesized that severe intestinal NEC lesions are associated with acute effects on the developing hippocampus...
June 9, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884243/ocular-abnormalities-in-congenital-zika-syndrome-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Jade Gieseke Guevara, Swati Agarwal-Sinha
BACKGROUND: As the number of children with Zika virus-related complications grows, the long-term developmental trajectory and its effects on families are unknown. We present the first known case of congenital Zika syndrome seen at our institution with significant fundus findings. CASE PRESENTATION: A 3-day-old Hispanic baby girl presented with severe microcephaly of 24 cm and temperature instability at birth. Her mother had traveled to Honduras early in pregnancy and testing of amniotic fluid was positive for Zika virus via polymerase chain reaction...
June 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883694/effect-of-mannose-targeting-of-hydroxyl-pamam-dendrimers-on-cellular-and-organ-biodistribution-in-a-neonatal-brain-injury-model
#15
Anjali Sharma, Joshua E Porterfield, Elizabeth Smith, Rishi Sharma, Sujatha Kannan, Rangaramanujam M Kannan
Neurotherapeutics for the treatment of central nervous system (CNS) disorders must overcome challenges relating to the blood-brain barrier (BBB), brain tissue penetration, and the targeting of specific cells. Neuroinflammation mediated by activated microglia is a major hallmark of several neurological disorders, making these cells a desirable therapeutic target. Building on the promise of hydroxyl-terminated generation four polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers (D4-OH) for penetrating the injured BBB and targeting activated glia, we explored if conjugation of targeting ligands would enhance and modify brain and organ uptake...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880168/amniotic-fluid-index-single-deepest-pocket-and-transvaginal-cervical-length-parameter-of-predictive-delivery-latency-in-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes
#16
Young-Joo Lee, Seung-Chul Kim, Jong-Kil Joo, Dong-Hyung Lee, Ki-Hyung Kim, Kyu-Sup Lee
OBJECTIVE: Prediction of delivery latency complicated with preterm premature rupture of membrane (PPROM) is crucial for reducing maternal and neonatal complications. Therefore, we investigated the correlations between latency period and cut-off values of ultrasonographic parameters, ultimately predicting delivery latency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The retrospective study was performed on 121 PPROM patients enrolled between March 2010 and July 2015. Parameters including amniotic fluid index (AFI), single deepest pocket (SDP) and transvaginal cervical length (TVCL) were measured in 99 singleton pregnancies with PPROM...
June 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877152/zika-virus-in-american-samoa-challenges-to-prevention-in-the-context-of-health-disparities-and-non-communicable-disease
#17
Michaela E Howells, Christopher D Lynn, Lesley Jo Weaver, Margaret Langford-Sesepesara, Joseph Tufa
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) is linked to deleterious foetal and neonate outcomes. Maternal exposure to ZIKV through mosquitoes and sexual fluids creates a public health challenge for communities and policymakers, which is exacerbated by high levels of chronic non-communicable diseases in American Samoa. AIM: This study aimed to identify structural barriers to ZIKV prevention in American Samoa and situate them within locally relevant cultural and epidemiological contexts...
May 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871901/increased-detection-of-human-parechovirus-infection-in-infants-in-england-during-2016-epidemiology-and-clinical-characteristics
#18
Laura Ferreras Antolín, Seilesh Kadambari, Serena Braccio, Julian Wei-Tze Tang, Jacqueline Xerry, David James Allen, Shamez N Ladhani
BACKGROUND: Human parechovirus (HPeV), like enteroviruses, usually causes mild self-limiting respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms. In infants, HPeV can occasionally cause serious illnesses, including sepsis-like syndrome and encephalitis. In summer 2016, Public Health England (PHE) received increasing reports of severe HPeV infections nationally. We, therefore, reviewed all infants with confirmed HPeV across England during 2016. METHODS: HPeV cases in infants aged <12 months reported to PHE during 2016 were followed up using a clinical questionnaire...
June 5, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866238/amniotic-fluid-embolism
#19
Nadia Nawaz, Ahmed Raheem Buksh
Amniotic fluid embolism is a rare and severe problem in obstetric patients. We experienced a 21-year primigravida who underwent emergency cesarean section due to sudden collapse and fetal distress after rupture of membranes in labour. Subsequently, she developed intraoperative coagulopathy, hemorrhage, hypotension, and respiratory collapse requiring ventilation. Both maternal and neonatal lives were saved with full recovery and discharged in stable condition. The clinical diagnosis of amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) was made, which is a very rare complication of pregnancy/puerperium with varying presentation, ranging from cardiac arrest, circulatory collapse and death through mild degrees of organ system dysfunction with or without coagulopathy...
June 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861739/evaluation-of-the-curative-effect-of-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cell-therapy-for-knee-arthritis-in-dogs-using-imaging-technology
#20
Bei-Ying Zhang, Bing-Yun Wang, Shao-Chuan Li, Dong-Zhang Luo, Xiaoshu Zhan, Sheng-Feng Chen, Zhi-Sheng Chen, Can-Ying Liu, Hui-Qin Ji, Yin-Shan Bai, Dong-Sheng Li, Yang He
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of canine umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) on the treatment of knee osteoarthritis in dogs. Methods: Eight dogs were evenly assigned to two groups. The canine model of knee osteoarthritis was established by surgical manipulation of knee articular cartilage on these eight dogs. UC-MSCs were isolated from umbilical cord Wharton's jelly by 0.1% type collagenase I and identified by immunofluorescence staining and adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation in vitro ...
2018: Stem Cells International
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