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Daniela Sorriento, Gaetano Santulli, Michele Ciccarelli, Angela Serena Maione, Maddalena Illario, Bruno Trimarco, Guido Iaccarino
We have recently demonstrated that the amino-terminal domain of G protein coupled receptor kinase (GRK) type 5, (GRK5-NT) inhibits NFκB activity in cardiac cells leading to a significant amelioration of LVH. Since GRK5-NT is known to bind calmodulin, this study aimed to evaluate the functional role of GRK5-NT in the regulation of calcium-calmodulin-dependent transcription factors. We found that the overexpression of GRK5-NT in cardiomyoblasts significantly reduced the activation and the nuclear translocation of NFAT and its cofactor GATA-4 in response to phenylephrine (PE)...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Peng Zhang, Xing Hu
Urea is an important precursor of the harmful carcinogenic product ethyl carbamate in fermented wines. To decipher more fully the contributions of three arginine permeases, Can1p, Gap1p and Alp1p in urea formation, various engineered strains were examined for their ability to form urea. This included seven mutants with different combinations of permease deficiency and grown in both simple and more complex media, and the wild-type strain modified to overexpress the three arginine permeases. A truncated GATA transcription factor, Gln3p1-653 , was also overexpressed in the arginine permease deficient mutants to determine whether the permeases have a synergistic effect on urea formation with other urea reducing modules...
March 13, 2018: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Shuyu Guo, Yuxin Zhang, Tingting Zhou, Dongyue Wang, Yajuan Weng, Qi Chen, Junqing Ma, Yi-Ping Li, Lin Wang
The role of GATA-binding protein 4 (GATA4) in neural crest cells (NCCs) is poorly defined. Here we showed that mouse NCCs lacking GATA4 exhibited developmental defects in craniofacial bone, teeth, and heart. The defects likely occurred due to decreased cell proliferation at the developmental stage. The in vitro results were consistent with the mouse model. The isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation assay revealed that BARX1 is one of the differentially expressed proteins after GATA4 knockdown in NCCs...
March 9, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
Beatriz Hernández de Madrid, Jordi Casanova
The Drosophila GATA factor gene serpent (srp) is required for the early differentiation of the anterior and posterior midgut primordia. In particular, srp is sufficient and necessary for the primordial gut cells to undertake an epithelial-to-mesenchimal transition (EMT). Two other GATA factor genes, dGATAe and grain (grn), are also specifically expressed in the midgut. On the one hand, dGATAe expression is activated by srp. Embryos homozygous for a deficiency uncovering dGATAe were shown to lack the expression of some differentiated midgut genes...
2018: PloS One
Difeng Fang, Kairong Cui, Gangqing Hu, Rama Krishna Gurram, Chao Zhong, Andrew J Oler, Ryoji Yagi, Ming Zhao, Suveena Sharma, Pentao Liu, Bing Sun, Keji Zhao, Jinfang Zhu
GATA-binding protein 3 (GATA3) acts as the master transcription factor for type 2 T helper (Th2) cell differentiation and function. However, it is still elusive how GATA3 function is precisely regulated in Th2 cells. Here, we show that the transcription factor B cell lymphoma 11b (Bcl11b), a previously unknown component of GATA3 transcriptional complex, is involved in GATA3-mediated gene regulation. Bcl11b binds to GATA3 through protein-protein interaction, and they colocalize at many important cis-regulatory elements in Th2 cells...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Lu-Lu Wang, Zheng-Sen Chen, Wen-Di Zhou, Jin Shu, Xiao-Hua Wang, Rui Jin, Li-Li Zhuang, Mir Alireza Hoda, Hao Zhang, Guo-Ping Zhou
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
March 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
E H Ernst, S Franks, K Hardy, P Villesen, K Lykke-Hartmann
STUDY QUESTION: Can novel genetic candidates involved in follicle dormancy, activation and integrity be identified from transcriptomic profiles of isolated granulosa cells from human primordial and primary follicles? SUMMARY ANSWER: The granulosa cell compartment of the human primordial and primary follicle was extensively enriched in signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) signalling, and several other putative signalling pathways that may also be mediators of follicle growth and development were identified...
February 28, 2018: Human Reproduction
Garth Cameron, Dale I Godfrey
Natural Killer T (NKT) cells are a functionally diverse population that recognize lipid-based antigens in association with the antigen-presenting molecule CD1d. Here we define a technique to separate the functionally distinct thymic NKT1, NKT2 and NKT17 cell subsets by their surface expression of CD279 (ICOS) and the activation-associated glycoform of CD43, enabling the investigation of subset-specific effector-functions. We report that all three subsets express the transcription factor GATA-3 and the potential to produce IL-4 and IL-10 following activation...
March 5, 2018: Immunology and Cell Biology
Tariq Mahmood, Tamkeen Tahir, Faiza Munir, Zabta Khan Shinwari
Germins and germin-like proteins from cupin superfamily contribute resistance to heat denaturation, chemical degradation and against plant pathogens, further functions in plant growth and development. In this study, from three different Oryza sativa accessions KS-282 and Pak 7178 and Pak 7865, OsRGLP2 gene promoter region was amplified, sequenced and analyzed. Sequencing data was evaluated via different computational tools. The regulatory elements were predicted by Consite tool and mapping was done. Many transcription factors binding sites were discovered in OsRGLP2 gene promoter; among these factors, HFH-1 having a significant role in germination was picked for further investigation...
February 23, 2018: Computational Biology and Chemistry
M Meulbroek, F Pujol, F Pérez, A Dalmau-Bueno, H Taboada, G Marazzi, A Carrillo, A Cabas, A Gata, E Aldabó, B Roldán, P Coll, F Añez, J Pantaleón, M Mochales, V Gómez, O Marín, J F Mir, J Decoca, J Saz
BACKGROUND: The introduction in 2006 of the rapid HIV test by BCN Checkpoint in a non-clinical setting has been a successful step forwards in the uptake of testing. Nevertheless, HIV serostatus should be reported as HIV positive only when a reactive result has been tested again using a different assay (WHO guidelines 2015). The standard confirmation test has been the Western Blot (WB) test. However confirmation results take around 7 days to come back. AIMS: This study explores the possibility of Point of Care PCR testing for a same-day confirmation...
February 2018: HIV Medicine
William Dodd, Lanlan Tang, Jean-Christophe Lone, Keon Wimberly, Cheng-Wei Wu, Claudia Consalvo, Joni E Wright, Nathalie Pujol, Keith P Choe
Extracellular matrix barriers and inducible cytoprotective genes form successive lines of defense against chemical and microbial environmental stressors. The barrier in nematodes is a collagenous extracellular matrix called the cuticle. In C. elegans , disruption of some cuticle collagen genes activates osmolyte and antimicrobial response genes. Physical damage to the epidermis also activates antimicrobial responses. Here, we assayed the effect of knocking down genes required for cuticle and epidermal integrity on diverse cellular stress responses...
February 27, 2018: Genetics
Divya Singh, Himanshi Tanwar, Sudeshna Das, Lilly Ganju, Shashi Bala Singh
OBJECTIVE: Kaempferol, a natural flavonol present in various traditional medicinal plants, is known to possess potent anti-inflammatory properties. This study was designed to study the adjuvant effect of kaempferol administration along with ovalbumin antigen (K + O) in balb/c mice. METHODS: Mice were immunized with kaempferol (100 and 50 mg/kg body weight) without or with ovalbumin (20 µg/mouse). After priming, booster was administered on day 21. Antigen specific IgG titers and its subtypes, on day 28, were estimated by indirect ELISA...
February 28, 2018: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
Z-X Sun, K Kang, Y-J Cai, J-Q Zhang, Y-F Zhai, R-S Zeng, W-Q Zhang
Identifying the Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) with functions in insect fecundity promises to provide novel insight into genetic mechanisms of adaptation and to aid in effective control of insect populations. We previously identified several SNPs within the vitellogenin (Vg) promoter region between a high-fecundity population (HFP) and a low-fecundity population (LFP) of the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens Stål (Hemiptera: Delphacidae). Here, we found that an A-to-T (HFP allele to LFP allele) transversion at nucleotide -953 upstream of Vg in a Nilaparvata lugens GATA-1 (NlGATA-1) binding motif is associated with the level of Vg transcription...
February 27, 2018: Insect Molecular Biology
Jing Hu, Peng Su, Meng Jiao, Xinnuo Bai, Mei Qi, Hui Liu, Zhen Wu, Jingtian Sun, Gengyin Zhou, Bo Han
Breast cancer (BC) is among the most common malignant diseases and metastasis is the handcuff of treatment. Cancer metastasis is a multistep process associated with the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) program. Several studies have demonstrated that transcriptional repressor GATA binding 1 (TRPS1) played important roles in development and progression of primary BC. In this study we sought to identify the mechanisms responsible for this function of TRPS1 in the continuum of the metastatic cascade. Here we described that TRPS1 was significantly associated with BC metastasis using public assessable datasets...
February 19, 2018: Translational Oncology
Eric Haertel, Natasha Joshi, Paul Hiebert, Manfred Kopf, Sabine Werner
Healing of skin wounds is orchestrated by various types of immune cells, but little is known about the role of FoxP3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) in this process. Here we determined if Tregs are important for wound healing in normal mice and if they contribute to the accelerated healing of mice overexpressing the growth and differentiation factor activin. Diphtheria-toxin induced Treg depletion prior to injury caused impaired healing characterized by delayed re-epithelialization, reduced wound contraction and impaired vessel maturation...
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Immunology
Congxin Li, François Cesbron, Michael Oehler, Michael Brunner, Thomas Höfer
Gene regulation is a complex non-equilibrium process. Here, we show that quantitating the temporal regulation of key gene states (transcriptionally inactive, active, and refractory) provides a parsimonious framework for analyzing gene regulation. Our theory makes two non-intuitive predictions. First, for transcription factors (TFs) that regulate transcription burst frequency, as opposed to amplitude or duration, weak TF binding is sufficient to elicit strong transcriptional responses. Second, refractoriness of a gene after a transcription burst enables rapid responses to stimuli...
February 12, 2018: Cell Systems
Emmanouil Bastakis, Boris Hedtke, Carina Klermund, Bernhard Grimm, Claus Schwechheimer
Chlorophyll accumulation and chloroplast development are regulated at multiple levels during plant development. The paralogous LLM-domain B-GATA transcription factors GNC and GNL contribute to chlorophyll biosynthesis and chloroplast formation in light-grown Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings. Whereas there is already ample knowledge about the transcriptional regulation of GNC and GNL, the identity of their downstream targets is largely unclear. Here, we identified genes controlling greening directly downstream of the GATAs by integrating data from RNA-sequencing and microarray datasets...
February 16, 2018: Plant Cell
Kuixiang Chen, Mubarak Rekep, Wei Wei, Qian Wu, Qin Xue, Sujuan Li, Jiahui Tian, Quan Yi, Genshui Zhang, Guiping Zhang, Qing Xiao, Jiandong Luo, Yinghua Liu
PURPOSE: Quercetin, a flavonoid, has been reported to ameliorate cardiovascular diseases, such as cardiac hypertrophy. However, the mechanism is not completely understood. In this study, a mechanism related to proteasome-glycogen synthesis kinase 3 (GSK-3) was elucidated in rats and primary neonatal cardiomyocytes. METHODS: Rats were subjected to sham or constriction of abdominal aorta surgery groups and treated with or without quercetin for 8 weeks. Angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced primary cardiomyocytes were cultured with quercetin treatment or not for 48 h...
February 12, 2018: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
Bin Yang, Liang Mao, Yan Li, Qia Li, Xioli Li, Yunjing Zhang, Zhenhua Zhai
In the present study, the expression of β-catenin, leucine-rich repeat-containing G protein-coupled receptor 5 (LGR5) and GATA6 was investigated during the transition from normal mucosa through to adenoma and adenocarcinoma in colorectal tissue sections obtained from 65 patients with a pathological diagnosis of colorectal adenocarcinoma and a history of adenoma. Immunohistochemical staining of β-catenin, LGR5 and GATA6 was performed and evaluated. The nuclear expression of β-catenin and the cytoplasmic expression of LGR5 and GATA6 were increased in samples as they progressed from normal mucosa to adenoma and adenocarcinoma...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
Fenghua Wang, Lili Bie
The aim of the present study was to investigate the use of GATA-3 markers in the detection of hematologic disorders in children. In total, 35 pediatric patients diagnosed with blood disease and treated in Henan Red Cross Blood Center from January 2014 to June 2015 were selected for the observation group. Another 32 healthy children were selected for the control group. The differences in the GATA-3 mRNA expression levels between the control and observation groups were detected via reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR)...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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