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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346391/development-and-validation-of-a-population-based-risk-algorithm-for-obesity-the-obesity-population-risk-tool-oport
#1
Michael Lebenbaum, Osvaldo Espin-Garcia, Yi Li, Laura C Rosella
BACKGROUND: Given the dramatic rise in the prevalence of obesity, greater focus on prevention is necessary. We sought to develop and validate a population risk tool for obesity to inform prevention efforts. METHODS: We developed the Obesity Population Risk Tool (OPoRT) using the longitudinal National Population Health Survey and sex-specific Generalized Estimating Equations to predict the 10-year risk of obesity among adults 18 and older. The model was validated using a bootstrap approach accounting for the survey design...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346207/population-health-management-and-perioperative-medicine-the-expanding-role-of-the-anesthesiologist
#2
Carol J Peden, Michael G Mythen, Thomas R Vetter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346159/making-a-case-for-cardiorespiratory-fitness-surveillance-among-children-and-youth
#3
Justin J Lang, Grant R Tomkinson, Ian Janssen, Jonatan R Ruiz, Francisco B Ortega, Luc Léger, Mark S Tremblay
We review the evidence that supports cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) as an important indicator of current and future health among school-aged children and youth, independent of physical activity levels. We discuss the merit of CRF measurement for population health surveillance and propose the development of CRF guidelines to help support regional, national, and international surveillance efforts.
January 15, 2018: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346063/linking-data-from-health-surveys-and-electronic-health-records-a-demonstration-project-in-two-chicago-health-center-clinics
#4
Fikirte Wagaw, Catherine A Okoro, Sunkyung Kim, Jessica Park, Fred Rachman
INTRODUCTION: Monitoring and understanding population health requires conducting health-related surveys and surveillance. The objective of our study was to assess whether data from self-administered surveys could be collected electronically from patients in urban, primary-care, safety-net clinics and subsequently linked and compared with the same patients' electronic health records (EHRs). METHODS: Data from self-administered surveys were collected electronically from a convenience sample of 527 patients at 2 Chicago health centers from September through November, 2014...
January 18, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346058/how-much-do-we-spend-creating-historical-estimates-of-public-health-expenditures-in-the-united-states-at-the-federal-state-and-local-levels
#5
Jonathon P Leider, Beth Resnick, David Bishai, F Douglas Scutchfield
The United States has a complex governmental public health system. Agencies at the federal, state, and local levels all contribute to the protection and promotion of the population's health. Whether the modern public health system is well situated to deliver essential public health services, however, is an open question. In some part, its readiness relates to how agencies are funded and to what ends. A mix of Federalism, home rule, and happenstance has contributed to a siloed funding system in the United States, whereby health agencies are given particular dollars for particular tasks...
January 18, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345994/work-as-an-inclusive-part-of-population-health-inequities-research-and-prevention
#6
Emily Quinn Ahonen, Kaori Fujishiro, Thomas Cunningham, Michael Flynn
Despite its inclusion in models of social and ecological determinants of health, work has not been explored in most health inequity research in the United States. Leaving work out of public health inequities research creates a blind spot in our understanding of how inequities are created and impedes our progress toward health equity. We first describe why work is vital to our understanding of observed societal-level health inequities. Next, we outline challenges to incorporating work in the study of health inequities, including (1) the complexity of work as a concept; (2) work's overlap with socioeconomic position, race, ethnicity, and gender; (3) the development of a parallel line of inquiry into occupational health inequities; and (4) the dearth of precise data with which to explore the relationships between work and health status...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344762/capsule-commentary-on-james-et-al-impact-of-a-population-health-management-intervention-on-disparities-in-cardiovascular-disease-control
#7
Jennifer L Carnahan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342009/how-academic-health-systems-can-achieve-population-health-in-vulnerable-populations-through-value-based-care-the-critical-importance-of-establishing-trusted-agency
#8
Donald E Wesson, Heather E Kitzman
Improving population health may require health systems to proactively engage patient populations as partners in the implementation of healthy behaviors as a shared value using strategies that incentivize healthy outcomes for the population as a whole. The current reactive health care model, which focuses on restoring the health of individuals after it has been lost, will not achieve the goal of improved population health. To achieve this goal, health systems must proactively engage in partnerships with the populations they serve...
January 16, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341194/generation-of-red-drum-sciaenops-ocellatus-hematology-reference-intervals-with-a-focus-on-identified-outliers
#9
Kendal E Harr, Kristina Deak, Steven A Murawski, Drury R Reavill, Ryan A Takeshita
BACKGROUND: The Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill in 2010 released millions of barrels of crude oil into the northern Gulf of Mexico, exposing numerous species of animals to the toxic components of oil. A comprehensive assessment of morbidity and mortality caused by DWH oil exposure was undertaken by the DWH Natural Resource Damage Trustees to characterize ecosystem damages. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to characterize normal hematologic RIs in red drum fish with blood cell descriptions, and to demonstrate the importance of identifying and removing outliers when generating RI...
January 17, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338953/violent-crime-and-park-use-in-low-income-urban-neighborhoods
#10
Bing Han, Deborah A Cohen, Kathryn P Derose, Jiang Li, Stephanie Williamson
INTRODUCTION: Crime and safety are often cited as potential hurdles to park use and park-based physical activity. Using comprehensive data sources including both objective and subjective measurements at the park level and the individual level, this study aimed to assess the association between crime rates and use of local parks in low-income urban neighborhoods. METHODS: The authors observed 48 parks and conducted local resident surveys in low-income neighborhoods in Los Angeles during a 2-year study period (2013-2015)...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338589/population-health-school-health-services-and-school-nursing
#11
Julia Muennich Cowell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336031/experiences-of-case-management-with-chronic-illnesses-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
J Y Joo, M F Liu
AIM: This qualitative systematic review aimed to identify and synthesize recent qualitative studies to improve understanding of the experiences and perceptions of case management interventions that individuals with chronic illnesses and their caregivers have. BACKGROUND/INTRODUCTION: Case management has been shown to be effective at improving quality of care and lowering costs for individuals with chronic illnesses. However, no qualitative review has been synthesized with recent qualitative studies about case management experiences by individual with chronic illnesses...
January 15, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334766/ajmq-newsletter-register-now-medical-quality-2018-improving-population-health-through-health-equity-and-patient-advocacy
#13
Mark Lyles, Cindy S Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331972/cohort-profile-the-comparative-outcomes-and-service-utilization-trends-coast-study-among-people-living-with-and-without-hiv-in-british-columbia-canada
#14
Oghenowede Eyawo, Mark W Hull, Kate Salters, Hasina Samji, Angela Cescon, Paul Sereda, Viviane D Lima, Bohdan Nosyk, David G T Whitehurst, Scott A Lear, Julio S G Montaner, Robert S Hogg
PURPOSE: The Comparative Outcomes And Service Utilization Trends (COAST) Study in British Columbia (BC), Canada, was designed to evaluate the determinants of health outcomes and health care services use among people living with HIV (PLHIV) as they age in the period following the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). The study also assesses how age-associated comorbidities and health care use among PLHIV may differ from those observed in the general population. PARTICIPANTS: COAST was established through a data linkage between two provincial data sources: The BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS Drug Treatment Program, which centrally manages cART dispensation across BC and contains prospectively collected data on demographic, immunological, virological, cART use and other clinical information for all known PLHIV in BC; and Population Data BC, a provincial data repository that holds individual event-level, longitudinal data for all 4...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331740/development-and-validation-of-a-new-population-based-simulation-model-of-osteoarthritis-in-new-zealand
#15
Ross Wilson, J Haxby Abbott
OBJECTIVE: To describe the construction and preliminary validation of a new population-based microsimulation model developed to analyse the health and economic burden and cost-effectiveness of treatments for knee osteoarthritis (OA) in New Zealand (NZ). METHOD: We developed the New Zealand Management of Osteoarthritis (NZ-MOA) model, a discrete-time state-transition microsimulation model of the natural history of radiographic knee OA. In this article, we report on the model structure, derivation of input data, validation of baseline model parameters against external data sources, and validation of model outputs by comparison of the predicted population health loss with previous estimates...
January 10, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328865/the-relationship-between-education-and-health-reducing-disparities-through-a-contextual-approach
#16
Anna Zajacova, Elizabeth M Lawrence
Adults with higher educational attainment live healthier and longer lives compared with their less educated peers. The disparities are large and widening. We posit that understanding the educational and macrolevel contexts in which this association occurs is key to reducing health disparities and improving population health. In this article, we briefly review and critically assess the current state of research on the relationship between education and health in the United States. We then outline three directions for further research: We extend the conceptualization of education beyond attainment and demonstrate the centrality of the schooling process to health; we highlight the dual role of education as a driver of opportunity but also as a reproducer of inequality; and we explain the central role of specific historical sociopolitical contexts in which the education-health association is embedded...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325398/health-priorities-in-french-speaking-swiss-cantons
#17
Philippe Chastonay, Jean Simos, Nicolas Cantoreggi, Rudolf Zurkinden, Thomas Mattig
In Switzerland, the federal authorities, the cantons, and the communes share the responsibility of healthcare, disease prevention and health promotion policies. Yet, the cantons are in most health matters independent in their decisions, thus defining as a matter of fact their own health priorities. We examined and analysed the content of the disease prevention and health promotion plans elaborated during the last decade in six French-speaking cantons with different political contexts and resources, but quite similar population health data, in order to identify the set health priorities...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325124/limited-salt-consumption-reduces-the-incidence-of-chronic-kidney-disease-a-modeling-study
#18
Marieke A H Hendriksen, Eelco A B Over, Gerjan Navis, Jaap A Joles, Ewout J Hoorn, Ron T Gansevoort, Hendriek C Boshuizen
Background: In addition to blood pressure and cardiovascular disease, high-salt intake has been associated with renal diseases. The aim of this study is to estimate the potential health impact of salt reduction on chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in the Netherlands. Methods: We developed a dynamic population health modeling tool to estimate the health impact of salt reduction on CKD and ESKD. We used data from the PREVEND study and extrapolated that to the Dutch population aged 30-75 years...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321174/addressing-complexity-in-population-health-intervention-research-the-context-intervention-interface
#19
Laetitia Minary, François Alla, Linda Cambon, Joelle Kivits, Louise Potvin
BACKGROUND: Public health interventions are increasingly being recognised as complex and context dependent. Related to this is the need for a systemic and dynamic conception of interventions that raises the question of delineating the scope and contours of interventions in complex systems. This means identifying which elements belong to the intervention (and therefore participate in its effects and can be transferred), which ones belong to the context and interact with the former to influence results (and therefore must be taken into account when transferring the intervention) and which contextual elements are irrelevant to the intervention...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320415/heavy-environmental-pressure-in-campania-and-other-italian-regions-a-short-review-of-available-evidence
#20
REVIEW
Alfredo Mazza, Prisco Piscitelli, Andrea Falco, Maria Lucia Santoro, Manuela Colangelo, Giovanni Imbriani, Adele Idolo, Antonella De Donno, Leopoldo Iannuzzi, Annamaria Colao
The area of Naples and Campania region, in Italy, are experiencing the dramatic consequences of diffuse and illegal waste dumping, resulting in possible threats to human health. This area has been referred to as the "Land of Fires" because of the common practice of waste burning. International interest in the Campania "waste emergency" has triggered several epidemiological studies. This article is aimed at highlighting the body of evidence available concerning human and environmental contamination in the Campania region, and considers the possible lack of comparable knowledge about the situation in other areas suffering from high environmental pollution...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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