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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526938/reducing-liver-cancer-risk-in-african-born-immigrants-through-culturally-targeted-hepatitis-b-group-education-programs
#1
Kemi Bolutayo, Alexandre Ly van Manh, Noah Cohen, Daouda Ndiaye, Lina Jandorf, Ponni V Perumalswami
Of 900 West African-born immigrants living in New York City who were tested for hepatitis B virus (HBV), over 9% were found to have the infection (Shankar H et al. Clin Infectious Dis 62(S4):S289-s297, 2016). Community targeted group education programs (EP) have been shown to improve immigrant population's health (Bailey E et al. J Natl Med Assoc 92(3):136-42, 2000). Our aim is to enhance HBV screening in at-risk West African immigrants through the development of a group EP as a first critical step to reducing liver cancer risk...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525612/an-effectiveness-hierarchy-of-preventive-interventions-neglected-paradigm-or-self-evident-truth
#2
Simon Capewell, Ann Capewell
Non-communicable disease prevention strategies usually target the four major risk factors of poor diet, tobacco, alcohol and physical inactivity. Yet, the most effective approaches remain disputed. However, increasing evidence supports the concept of an effectiveness hierarchy. Thus, 'downstream' preventive activities targeting individuals (such as 1:1 personal advice, health education, 'nudge' or primary prevention medications) consistently achieve a smaller population health impact than interventions aimed further 'upstream' (for instance, smoke-free legislation, alcohol minimum pricing or regulations eliminating dietary transfats)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521624/early-life-socioeconomic-status-and-adult-physiological-functioning-a-life-course-examination-of-biosocial-mechanisms
#3
Yang Claire Yang, Karen Gerken, Kristen Schorpp, Courtney Boen, Kathleen Mullan Harris
A growing literature has demonstrated a link between early-life socioeconomic conditions and adult health at a singular point in life. No research exists, however, that specifies the life course patterns of socioeconomic status (SES) in relation to the underlying biological processes that determine health. Using an innovative life course research design consisting of four nationally representative longitudinal datasets that collectively cover the human life span from early adolescence to old age (Add Health, MIDUS, NSHAP, and HRS), we address this scientific gap and assess how SES pathways from childhood into adulthood are associated with biophysiological outcomes in different adult life stages...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515960/patient-centered-network-of-learning-health-systems-developing-a-resource-for-clinical-translational-research
#4
L J Finney Rutten, A Alexander, P J Embi, G Flores, C Friedman, I V Haller, P Haug, D Jensen, S Khosla, G Runger, N D Shah, T Winden, V L Roger
INTRODUCTION: The Learning Health System Network clinical data research network includes academic medical centers, health-care systems, public health departments, and health plans, and is designed to facilitate outcomes research, pragmatic trials, comparative effectiveness research, and evaluation of population health interventions. METHODS: The Learning Health System Network is 1 of 13 clinical data research networks assembled to create, in partnership with 20 patient-powered research networks, a National Patient-Centered Clinical Research Network...
February 2017: J Clin Transl Sci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515885/evaluating-morphometric-and-metabolic-markers-of-body-condition-in-a-small-cetacean-the-harbor-porpoise-phocoena-phocoena
#5
Joanna L Kershaw, Meredith Sherrill, Nicholas J Davison, Andrew Brownlow, Ailsa J Hall
Mammalian body condition is an important individual fitness metric as it affects both survival and reproductive success. The ability to accurately measure condition has key implications for predicting individual and population health, and therefore monitoring the population-level effects of changing environments. No consensus currently exists on the best measure to quantitatively estimate body condition in many species, including cetaceans. Here, two measures of body condition were investigated in the harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena)...
May 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514907/nudging-for-prevention-in-occupational-health-and-safety-in-south-africa-using-fiscal-policies
#6
Pieter de Jager, David Rees, Sophia Kisting, Spo Kgalamono, Mpume Ndaba, Nicolas Stacey, Aviva Tugendhaft, Karen Hofman
Currently, in some countries occupational health and safety policy and practice have a bias toward secondary prevention and workers' compensation rather than primary prevention. Particularly, in emerging economies, research has not adequately contributed to effective interventions and improvements in workers' health. This article, using South Africa as a case study, describes a methodology for identifying candidate fiscal policy interventions and describes the policy interventions selected for occupational health and safety...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513804/the-brazilian-oral-health-survey-sbbrasil-2010-workflow-from-the-coordinators-perspective
#7
Fabíola Fernandes Soares, Maria do Carmo Matias Freire, Sandra Cristina Guimarães Bahia Reis
Introduction: Although the workflow of population health surveys may interfere with the quality of the information produced, this aspect has not been investigated in the context of oral health. Objective: To identify the perception of the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (SBBrasil 2010 Project) coordinators regarding the survey's workflow. Methods: Data was collected using an electronic questionnaire sent to the coordinators after the national survey was completed...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511034/school-collective-occupation-movements-and-substance-use-among-adolescents-a-school-level-panel-design
#8
Alvaro Castillo-Carniglia, Jay S Kaufman, Esteban Pizarro, José D Marín, Garen Wintemute, Magdalena Cerdá
BACKGROUND: Recently, social movements across the world have demanded reforms to education systems and other institutions. Although such movements have affected large numbers of people across multiple countries, we know little about the impacts they have had on population health. We focus on one example: the massive strikes and collective occupation of secondary schools across Chile, which occurred contemporaneously with a large increase in marijuana use among students in this age group...
May 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508813/web-and-mobile-based-hiv-prevention-and-intervention-programs-pros-and-cons-a-review
#9
Sharareh Niakan, Esmaeil Mehraeen, Tayebeh Noori, Elahe Gozali
BACKGROUND: With the increasing growth of HIV positive people the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) can play an important role in controlling the spread of the AIDS. Web and Mobile are the new technologies that young people take advantage from them. OBJECTIVES: In this study a review to investigate the web and mobile based HIV prevention and intervention programs was carried out. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted including PubMed, Science direct, Web of Science and Proquest to find relevant sources that published in 2009 to 2016...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508022/impact-of-health-literacy-on-senior-citizen-engagement-in-health-care-it-usage
#10
Alice M Noblin, Ashley Rutherford
Objective: Patient engagement in health care information technology (IT) is required for government reimbursement programs. This research surveyed one older adult group to determine their willingness to use health information from a variety of sources. Health literacy was also measured using the Newest Vital Sign (NVS) and eHealth Literacy Scale (eHEALS) tools. Method: Regression models determined engagement in health care IT usage and impact of literacy levels based on survey data collected from the group...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506313/latent-variable-mixture-models-to-test-for-differential-item-functioning-a-population-based-analysis
#11
Xiuyun Wu, Richard Sawatzky, Wilma Hopman, Nancy Mayo, Tolulope T Sajobi, Juxin Liu, Jerilynn Prior, Alexandra Papaioannou, Robert G Josse, Tanveer Towheed, K Shawn Davison, Lisa M Lix
BACKGROUND: Comparisons of population health status using self-report measures such as the SF-36 rest on the assumption that the measured items have a common interpretation across sub-groups. However, self-report measures may be sensitive to differential item functioning (DIF), which occurs when sub-groups with the same underlying health status have a different probability of item response. This study tested for DIF on the SF-36 physical functioning (PF) and mental health (MH) sub-scales in population-based data using latent variable mixture models (LVMMs)...
May 15, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505083/family-planning-and-the-samburu-a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-thoughts-of-men-on-a-population-health-and-environment-programme-in-rural-kenya
#12
Loren Kock, Audrey Prost
Population Health and Environment (PHE) strategies are argued to improve ecosystem and human health by addressing family size and its effects on natural resource use, food security, and reproductive health. This study investigates men's views on a PHE family planning (FP) programme delivered among the pastoral Samburu tribe in rural northern Kenya. Three focus group discussions and nine semi-structured interviews were conducted with 27 Samburu men. These discussions revealed support for environmentally-sensitised family planning promotion...
May 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504588/the-impact-of-corruption-on-population-health
#13
Monica Violeta Achim, Sorin Nicolae Borlea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502758/the-impact-of-postpartum-hemorrhage-on-hospital-length-of-stay-and-inpatient-mortality-a-national-inpatient-sample-nis-based-analysis
#14
Ariela L Marshall, Urshila Durani, Adam Bartley, Clinton E Hagen, Aneel Ashrani, Carl Rose, Ronald S Go, Rajiv K Pruthi
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality, but the association between PPH and hospital length of stay (LOS) has not been rigorously investigated. OBJECTIVE: We explored the impact of PPH on hospital length of stay (LOS) and inpatient mortality, as these outcomes have both clinical and economic significance. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective analysis using data from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database during the 2012-2013 time period...
May 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500911/do-welfare-regimes-matter-for-oral-health-a-multilevel-analysis-of-european-countries
#15
Carol C Guarnizo-Herreño, Richard G Watt, Mai Stafford, Aubrey Sheiham, Georgios Tsakos
While the role of political factors on population health has recently received increasing attention, relatively little is known in that respect for oral health. We aimed to assess the influence of welfare state regimes on the variation in adult oral health between European countries, building on the existing literature by using a multilevel approach. Our analysis also explored how the oral health of people with different socioeconomic position was influenced by living in five different welfare state regimes...
May 10, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500619/prevalence-of-cribra-orbitalia-in-pacopampa-during-the-formative-period-in-peru
#16
Tomohito Nagaoka, Yuji Seki, Kazuhiro Uzawa, Mai Takigami, Daniel Morales Chocano
Cribra orbitalia is characterized by an aggregation of small apertures in the orbital roof in response to marrow hypertrophy. This pathological change is indicative of biological stress during youth. We examined the prevalence of this lesion in Pacopampa, a ceremonial center of the formative period, located in the northern highlands of Peru. Using this evaluation of cribra orbitalia, we reconstructed aspects of the population's health and nutritional status during the formation of Andean civilization. We examined 41 orbits of 27 adult individuals (13 males, 14 females) and recorded the macroscopic presence or absence of cribra orbitalia...
May 12, 2017: Anatomical Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499774/an-australian-consensus-on-infant-feeding-guidelines-to-prevent-food-allergy-outcomes-from-the-australian-infant-feeding-summit
#17
Merryn J Netting, Dianne E Campbell, Jennifer J Koplin, Kathy M Beck, Vicki McWilliam, Shyamali C Dharmage, Mimi L K Tang, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Susan L Prescott, Sandra Vale, Richard K S Loh, Maria Makrides, Katrina J Allen
BACKGROUND: Infant feeding in the first postnatal year of life has an important role in an infant's risk of developing food allergy. Consumer infant feeding advice is diverse and lacks consistency. AIM: The Australian Infant Feeding Summit was held with the aim of achieving national consensus on the wording of guidelines for infant feeding and allergy prevention. METHODS: Two meetings were hosted by the Centre for Food and Allergy Research, the Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, and the Australian National Allergy Strategy...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498778/seasonal-ambient-particulate-matter-and-population-health-outcomes-among-communities-impacted-by-road-dust-in-british-columbia-canada
#18
Kris Y Hong, Gavin H King, Arvind Saraswat, Sarah B Henderson
In recent years, many air quality monitoring programs have favoured measurement of particles less than 2.5 microns (PM2.5) over particles less than 10 microns (PM10) in light of evidence that health impacts are mostly from the fine fraction. However, the coarse fraction (PM10-2.5) may have independent health impacts that support continued measurement of PM10 in some areas, such as those affected by road dust. The objective of this study was to evaluate the associations between different measures of daily PM exposure and two daily indicators of population health in seven communities in British Columbia, Canada, where road dust is an ongoing concern...
May 12, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497873/an-online-education-approach-to-population-health-in-a-global-society
#19
Queen Utley-Smith
BACKGROUND: Health professions education content must keep pace with the ever-evolving and changing health care system. Population-based health care is advocated as a way to improve health outcomes, particularly in a technologically advanced health system like the United States. At the same time, global health knowledge is increasingly valued in health professions education, including nursing. AIMS: This article describes the design and implementation of an online population health course with a global viewpoint intended to accommodate the need for improved knowledge and skill application for graduate nurses...
May 12, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497868/person-centred-care-dialectics-inquired-in-the-context-of-palliative-care
#20
Joakim Öhlén, Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham, Barbara Astle, Cecilia Håkanson, Joyce Lee, Marjukka Eriksson, Richard Sawatzky
Although a widely used concept in health care, person-centred care remains somewhat ambiguous. In the field of palliative care, person-centred care is considered a historically distinct ideal and yet there continues to be a dearth of conceptual clarity. Person-centred care is also challenged by the pull of standardization that characterizes much of health service delivery. The conceptual ambiguity becomes especially problematic in contemporary pluralistic societies, particularly in the light of continued inequities in healthcare access and disparities in health outcomes...
May 12, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
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