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"Population health"

Manuela Deidda, Kathleen Anne Boyd, Helen Minnis, Julia Donaldson, Kevin Brown, Nicole R S Boyer, Emma McIntosh
INTRODUCTION: Children who have experienced abuse and neglect are at increased risk of mental and physical health problems throughout life. This places an enormous burden on individuals, families and society in terms of health services, education, social care and judiciary sectors. Evidence suggests that early intervention can mitigate the negative consequences of child maltreatment, exerting long-term positive effects on the health of maltreated children entering foster care. However, evidence on cost-effectiveness of such complex interventions is limited...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Mikko Kärmeniemi, Tiina Lankila, Tiina Ikäheimo, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Raija Korpelainen
Background: Physical inactivity is a global problem that increases the risk of many chronic diseases and shortens life expectancy. The built environment contributes to physical inactivity through accessibility of amenities and transportation patterns. With better urban planning, cities could be designed to enhance active transportation and population health on a permanent basis. Purpose: We conducted a systematic review to identify determinants of the built environment associated with physical activity and to evaluate how changes in the built environment are associated with changes in physical activity...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Lesley Ann Dyck, Susan Snelling, Val Morrison, Margaret Haworth-Brockman, Donna Atkinson
The National Collaborating Centres for Public Health (NCCPH) collaborated on the development of an action framework for integrating equity into population health status reporting. This framework integrates the research literature with on-the-ground experience collected using a unique collaborative learning approach with public health practitioners from across Canada. This article introduces the Action Framework, describes the learning process, and then situates population health status reporting (PHSR) in the current work of the public health sector...
March 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
Keumseok Koh, Rebecca Reno, Ayaz Hyder
Recent advances in computing resources have increased interest in systems modeling and population health. While group model building (GMB) has been effectively applied in developing system dynamics models (SD), few studies have used GMB for developing an agent-based model (ABM). This article explores the use of a GMB approach to develop an ABM focused on food insecurity. In our GMB workshops, we modified a set of the standard GMB scripts to develop and validate an ABM in collaboration with local experts and stakeholders...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Manndy Nget, Kasorn Muijeen
Background: ASEAN integration aims to transform the GMS into a single market with free flows of products, services, and skilled labor, as well as investment openness, which will ultimately force regional economic growth. Therefore, this integration is likely to bring about a big change to this area in the new era; it can subsequently cause many problems as well, including mental health issues of the people in this region. The characteristic differences among the GMS member countries in terms of trade and investment, so-cial and cultural values, medical information and technology, and the living and working environment have become major problems affecting mental health disorders, which are usually identified as depression, stress, and substance abuse...
December 2017: Current Psychiatry Reviews
Kanjanee Phanphairoj, Ritzmond Loa
Background: Health is influenced by numerous factors that affect the health service system and health status of the people in every country. This article aims to compare the determinants of the health service system and the health status of the people in Thailand, the Lao PDR, Vietnam, and Cambodia; and to recommend policies that impact the population's health and the country's development. Methods: A comprehensive search of the literature from a variety of online search and academic databases, and synthesis of previous study was used in this paper...
December 2017: Current Psychiatry Reviews
Sudip Kundu, Hatun Karakas, Hermann Hertel, Peter Hillemanns, Ismini Staboulidou, Cordula Schippert, Philipp Soergel
INTRODUCTION: For the last two decades, obesity rates have been increasing in both developed and developing countries, with the number of obese women roughly doubling during this period (Stevens et al. in Popul Health Metr 10(1):33, 2012). Obesity represents one of the biggest epidemics of the 21st century. The aim of this retrospective study is to characterise the outcomes of gynaecologic surgeries in cases of extremely obese women with a body mass index (BMI) over 40 kg/m2 . METHODS: This study is a retrospective case control study in a single-centre setting...
March 10, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Beáta Gavurová, Viliam Kováč, Michal Šoltés, Sebastian Kot, Jaroslav Majerník
AIM: A great amount of non-communicable disease deaths poses a threat for all people and therefore represents the challenge for health policy makers, health providers and other health or social policy actors. The aim of this study is to analyse regional differences in non-communicable disease mortality in the Slovak Republic, and to quantify the relationship between mortality and economic indicators of the Slovak regions. METHODS: Standardised mortality rates adjusted for age, sex, region, and period were calculated applying direct standardisation methods with the European standard population covering the time span from 2005 to 2013...
December 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Mwumvaneza Mutagoma, Dieudonné Sebuhoro, Jean Pierre Nyemazi, Edward J Mills, Jamie I Forrest, Eric Remera, Augustin Murindabigwi, Mouhamed Semakula, Sabin Nsanzimana
BACKGROUND: Retention of participants in longitudinal prospective surveys can challenging for population health researchers. Community health workers (CHWs) may help reduce attrition. METHODS: We used data came from a longitudinal prospective household-based survey targeting women and men in Rwanda, collected between June 2013 and December 2014. The sample was drawn from a population that included all residents of all 30 districts, 416 sectors, and 14,837 villages in Rwanda...
March 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
Kevin G Volpp, Harlan M Krumholz, David A Asch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
Nicholas Stacey, Amit Summan, Aviva Tugendhaft, Ramanan Laxminarayan, Karen Hofman
Introduction: Excise taxes are policy tools that have been applied internationally with some success to reduce consumption of products adversely impacting population health including tobacco, alcohol and increasingly junk foods and sugary beverages. As in other low-income and middle-income countries, South Africa faces a growing burden of lifestyle diseases; accordingly we simulate the impact of multiple excise tax interventions in this setting. Methods: We construct a mathematical model to simulate the health and revenue effects of increased excise taxes, which is adaptable to a variety of settings given its limited data requirements...
2018: BMJ Global Health
An Pan, Xu Lin, Elena Hemler, Frank B Hu
In this Minireview, we provide an epidemiologist's perspective on the debate and recent advances in determining the relationship between diet and cardiovascular health. We conclude that, in order to reduce the global burden of cardiovascular disease, there should be a greater emphasis on improving overall diet quality and food sources of macronutrients, such as dietary fats and carbohydrates. In addition, building a strong evidence base through high-quality intervention and observational studies is crucial for effective policy changes, which can greatly improve the food environment and population health...
March 6, 2018: Cell Metabolism
Mansour Naseriasl, Ali Janati, Abolgasem Amini, Davoud Adham
Because of insufficient communication between primary health care providers and specialists, which leads to inefficiencies and ineffectiveness in rural population health outcomes, to implement a well-functioning referral system is one of the most important tasks for some countries. Using purposive and snowballing sampling methods, we included health experts, policy-makers, family physicians, clinical specialists, and experts from health insurance organizations in this study according to pre-determined criteria...
March 5, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Alejandra Carrillo Roa
The situation in Venezuela is marked by a profound socioeconomic crisis that raises questions concerning its effects on the health system. The study's aim was to analyze the trends and current situation of the Venezuelan health system, with special emphasis on financing. Based on the World Health Organization's Framework for Action to Strengthen Health Systems, five of the system's six basic components were studied, along with the results in terms of coverage and the population's health. Healthcare financing in Venezuela proved to be primarily private, with a high and growing share of out-of-pocket expenditures, one of the highest in the world...
March 5, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Pat Dudgeon, Christopher Holland
OBJECTIVES: Suicide is an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (hereafter 'Indigenous') population health issue. Over 2015-2016, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Suicide Prevention Project (ATSISPEP) aimed to identify success factors in Indigenous suicide prevention. CONCLUSIONS: For non-Indigenous practitioners working with indigenous clients at risk of suicide, ATSISPEP identified important considerations to make treatment more effective. The start is acknowledging the differences in the historical, cultural, political, social and economic experiences of Indigenous peoples, and their greater exposure to trauma, psychological distress and risks to mental health...
March 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Katherine Ann Morris
Comparative population health studies are becoming more common and are advancing solutions to crucial public health problems, but decades-old measurement equivalence issues remain without a common vocabulary to identify and address the biases that contribute to non-equivalence. This glossary defines sources of measurement non-equivalence. While drawing examples from both within-country and between-country studies, this glossary also defines methods of harmonisation and elucidates the unique opportunities in addition to the unique challenges of particular harmonisation methods...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Jared M Baeten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Ana M Progovac, Benjamin Lê Cook, Brian O Mullin, Alex McDowell, Maria Jose Sanchez R, Ye Wang, Timothy B Creedon, Mark A Schuster
Health care utilization patterns for gender minority Medicare beneficiaries (those who are transgender or gender nonbinary people) are largely unknown. We identified gender minority beneficiaries using a diagnosis-code algorithm and compared them to a 5 percent random sample of non-gender minority beneficiaries from the period 2009-14 in terms of mental health and chronic diseases, use of preventive and mental health care, hospitalizations, and emergency department (ED) visits. Gender minority beneficiaries experienced more disability and mental illness...
March 2018: Health Affairs
Junjun Xu, Arletha Williams-Livingston, Anne Gaglioti, Calvin McAllister, George Rust
The use of value metrics is often dependent on payer-initiated health care management incentives. There is a need for practices to define and manage their own patient panels regardless of payer to participate effectively in population health management. A key step is to define a panel of primary care patients with high comorbidity profiles. Our sample included all patients seen in an urban academic family medicine clinic over a two-year period. The simplified risk stratification was built using internal electronic health record and billing system data based on ICD-9 codes...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Katarzyna Klasa, Scott L Greer, Ewout van Ginneken
Strategic purchasing of health care services is widely recommended as a policy instrument. We conducted a review of literature of material drawn from the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies Health Systems in Transition series, other European Observatory databases, and selected country-specific literature to augment the comparative analysis by providing the most recent healthcare trends in ten selected countries. There is little evidence of purchasing being strategic according to any of the established definitions...
February 5, 2018: Health Policy
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