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hysterectomy ondansetron

Onur Koyuncu, Steve Leung, Jing You, Menekse Oksar, Selim Turhanoglu, Cagla Akkurt, Kenan Dolapcioglu, Hanifi Sahin, Daniel I Sessler, Alparslan Turan
OBJECTIVES: To determine that perioperative ondansetron reduces the analgesic efficacy of acetaminophen. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blinded study. PATIENTS: 120 patients ASA I-II who underwent abdominal hysterectomy. INTERVENTIONS: All the patients were given 1g acetaminophen at skin closure. Patients were divided into two groups; ondansetron HCl (8mg, 2ml IV) (Group I, N=60) and saline (2ml IV) (Group II, N=60) at the skin closure...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Anish N G Sharma, Paniye Shankaranarayana
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is the most common complication seen following laparoscopic surgery. Our study sought to evaluate the efficacy of the newer drug palonosetron with that of ondansetron, in combination with dexamethasone, for PONV in patients undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomies. . METHODS: A total of 90 patients, aged between 30-50 years old, posted for elective laparoscopic hysterectomies under general anesthesia belonging to the American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) physical status I and II were included in the study...
July 2015: Oman Medical Journal
Irina Gasanova, Erica Grant, Megan Way, Eric B Rosero, Girish P Joshi
BACKGROUND: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block has been shown to provide pain relief after abdominal procedures. However, TAP block combined with multimodal analgesia technique have not been assessed in a randomized controlled trial. This randomized, controlled, observer-blinded study was designed to evaluate the analgesic efficacy of bilateral ultrasound-guided TAP blocks with or without acetaminophen and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) combination. METHODS: Patients undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy were randomized to one of three groups...
July 2013: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Jae-Woo Lee, Hye Jin Park, Juyoun Choi, So Jin Park, Hyoseok Kang, Eu-Gene Kim
BACKGROUND: This study compared the preventive effects of ramosetron and ondansetron on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in highly susceptible patients undergoing abdominal hysterectomy. METHODS: In a prospective, randomized, double-blinded study, a total of 120 highly susceptible women (nonsmokers, those receiving opioid-based IV patient-controlled analgesia [PCA]) undergoing abdominal hysterectomy were included in the study. Patients were divided into 2 groups and each group received either 0...
December 2011: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Tugsan Egemen Bilgin, Handan Birbicer, Zeliha Ozer, Nurcan Doruk, Ekrem Tok, Ugur Oral
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are some of the most-common and undesirable adverse effects after surgery performed under general anesthesia. We investigated the prophylactic value of dexamethasone as an alternate to ondansetron or metoclopramide to prevent PONV after gynecologic surgery. MATERIAL/METHODS: One hundred sixty ASA I-II patients scheduled for elective gynecologic surgery were enrolled. Before induction of anesthesia, patients were randomly allocated to receive intravenously dexamethasone (8 mg) in group D, ondansetron (4 mg) in group O, metoclopramide (10 mg) in group M, and saline (2 mL) in group P...
July 2010: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
B K Huh, S Jung, W White, Y Jeon
Nausea and vomiting are frequent adverse effects of patient-controlled analgesia with opioids. This study was designed to compare the effect of midazolam to that of ondansetron for prevention of nausea and vomiting during morphine patient-controlled analgesia. In a randomised, double-blind, prospective trial, 90 patients were allocated to one of three groups of 30 each, to receive one of three patient-controlled analgesia regimens to manage postoperative pain: a combination of midazolam and morphine (group M), a mixture of ondansetron and morphine (group O) or morphine alone (group C)...
May 2010: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
R Jokela, J Ahonen, E Seitsonen, P Marjakangas, K Korttila
The 5-HT(3) antagonists tropisetron and granisetron have been shown to block the analgesic effect of acetaminophen in healthy volunteers. To study the interaction between ondansetron and acetaminophen in women undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomy, we randomized 134 patients into three groups to receive acetaminophen-placebo (AP), acetaminophen-ondansetron (AO), or placebo-placebo (PP). One gram of intravenous acetaminophen or placebo was administered at the induction of anesthesia and every 6 h thereafter for 24 h, and 4 mg of ondansetron or placebo was administered at the end of surgery...
June 2010: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Kenneth Jensen, Henrik Kehlet, Claus M Lund
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the applicability, effectiveness, immediate postoperative complaints and requirements for a postanaesthesia care unit stay after elective abdominal hysterectomy under a well defined, multimodal anaesthetic regime. METHODS: Observational study of 145 consecutive patients scheduled for the procedure at a major university hospital in Denmark. Perioperative treatments and postoperative complaints were recorded continuously until discharge from the postanaesthesia care unit...
May 2009: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Miok Nam, Haesang Yoon
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of ondansetron combined with dexamethasone on Post-Operative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) and pain with ondansetron alone in patients with laparoscopy assisted vaginal hysterectomy under general anesthesia. METHODS: Data were collected from April 1 through September 30, 2005 using a double blind method. Ondansetron 4 mg and dexamethasone 10 mg were administered to the experimental group (25 patients), and ondansetron 4 mg only to the control group (25 patients)...
February 2009: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
O Mathiesen, M L Rasmussen, G Dierking, K Lech, K L Hilsted, J S Fomsgaard, G Lose, J B Dahl
BACKGROUND: Multimodal analgesia may be important for optimal postoperative pain treatment and facilitation of early mobilization and recovery. We investigated the analgesic effect of pregabalin and dexamethasone in combination with paracetamol after abdominal hysterectomy. METHODS: One hundred and sixteen patients were randomly assigned to either group A (paracetamol+placebo x 2), group B (paracetamol+pregabalin+placebo) or group C (paracetamol+pregabalin+dexamethasone)...
February 2009: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
P Boonmak, S Boonmak, P Bunsaengjaroen, S Srichaipanha, S Poomsawat, D Nonlhaopol
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of 0.2 mg mL-1 of ondansetron added to morphine patient-controlled analgesia solution after a 4 mg loading dose on the incidence and severity of postoperative nausea and vomiting. METHODS: One hundred and sixty patients scheduled for elective surgery, between 18 and 65 yr old, were studied. Patients who smoked, received antiemetics and hormonal therapy, had a history of motion sickness or gastrointestinal disease, a body mass index >35 or menstruation at the time of the study were excluded...
August 2007: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Tong J Gan, Andrew Coop, Beverly K Philip
In this randomized, double-blind study, we evaluated whether small-dose granisetron (0.1 mg) plus dexamethasone 8 mg (G+D) was as effective as ondansetron 4 mg plus dexamethasone 8 mg (O+D) for preventing vomiting during the 0 to 2 h after tracheal extubation in patients undergoing abdominal hysterectomy requiring general anesthesia. Dexamethasone (D) was administered at induction of anesthesia, and granisetron (G) or ondansetron (O) was given approximately 15 min before tracheal extubation. Data on postoperative nausea and vomiting were collected at 0, 2, 6, and 24 h...
November 2005: Anesthesia and Analgesia
E Kontrimaviciute, A Baublys, J Ivaskevicius
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Patients undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy under general anaesthesia have a high risk of developing postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of PONV in patients undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy under spinal anaesthesia with intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) using morphine and to compare its incidence with and without antiemetic prophylaxis. METHODS: Thirty-four patients undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy under spinal anaesthesia with i...
July 2005: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Jann-Inn Tzeng, Koung-Shing Chu, Shung-Tai Ho, Kuang-I Cheng, Kuo-Sheng Liu, Jhi-Joung Wang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prophylactic effect of ondansetron on nausea and vomiting following epidural morphine for postoperative pain control. METHODS: Seventy women (n = 35 in each group) undergoing abdominal total hysterectomy under epidural anesthesia were enrolled in this randomized, double-blinded, and placebo-controlled study. At the end of surgery, all patients received epidural morphine 3 mg for postoperative pain relief. Before morphine injection, the ondansetron group received iv ondansetron 4 mg, whereas the placebo group received iv saline...
December 2003: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
P F Bibby
Following the establishment of an acute pain service in one UK acute NHS trust, including the introduction of patient-controlled analgesia (PCA), pain scoring, and a rationalization of the use of simple analgesics, attention was drawn to an apparent increase in postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) among women given PCA following abdominal hysterectomy. Audits were conducted into clinical practice and patient satisfaction and it was agreed that an evaluation of the evidence should be conducted to ensure that the correct direction for development in the management of PONV could be established...
June 28, 2001: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
J B Walker
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a significant problem in surgical patients. The 5-hydroxytryptamine3-receptor antagonists ondansetron, dolasetron, and granisetron are being used to prevent PONV and avoid the adverse events associated with traditional antiemetics such as antihistaminic agents, anticholinergic agents, and dopamine antagonists. OBJECTIVE: Because practitioners have taken widely differing approaches to the selection and dosing of agents in this class, this retrospective study assessed the relative efficacy of i...
June 2001: Clinical Therapeutics
L M Torres, M J Rodríguez, A Montero, J Herrera, E Calderón, J Cabrera, R Porres, M R de la Torre, T Martínez, J L Gómez, J Ruiz, I García-Magaz, J Cámara, P Ortiz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We assessed the efficacy and safety of dipyrone in comparison with tramadol in the relief of early postoperative pain following abdominal hysterectomy. METHODS: A total of 151 women between 18 and 60 years of age undergoing abdominal hysterectomy during general anesthesia participated in a randomized, double-blind, controlled, multicenter study. Seventy-three patients received dipyrone and 78 received tramadol. Patients received an intravenous loading dose of the study drug immediately after operation followed by intravenous (IV) maintenance infusion and IV on-demand boluses up to a maximum number of predetermined doses/day of 8 g dipyrone and 500 mg tramadol...
March 2001: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
J Millo, M Siddons, R Innes, P S Laurie
In a randomised, double-blind trial, we compared the use of ondansetron and droperidol for the prevention of nausea and vomiting after total abdominal hysterectomy, during patient-controlled analgesia with morphine. One hundred and forty-two patients were randomly allocated to one of two groups. All patients received a standardised general anaesthetic and postoperative analgesic regimen. One group received ondansetron 4 mg at induction of anaesthesia, and ondansetron 0.13 mg with each 1-mg bolus dose of morphine...
January 2001: Anaesthesia
Z Gesztesi, P E Scuderi, P F White, W Wright, R H Wender, R D'Angelo, L S Black, P L Dalby, D MacLean
BACKGROUND: The safety and antiemetic efficacy of CP-122,721, a novel neurokinin-1 antagonist, was evaluated when administered alone or in combination with ondansetron. METHODS: Using a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study design, CP-122,721 was initially compared with placebo and subsequently to ondansetron alone and in combination for prophylaxis against postoperative nausea and vomiting in 243 women undergoing abdominal hysterectomy. In the dose-ranging studies (n = 86), patients received either CP-122,721 100 mg (vs...
October 2000: Anesthesiology
E Hagemann, A Halvorsen, O Holgersen, T Tveit, J C Raeder
BACKGROUND: We tested the hypothesis that intramuscularly administered ephedrine prevents postoperative nausea and vomiting. Ephedrine is cheap, and for this indication poorly documented. METHODS: One hundred and nine patients undergoing elective abdominal hysterectomy under general anaesthesia were studied in a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study. Ten minutes before the end of the procedure patients received either ephedrine 0.5 mg/kg i.m. or placebo...
January 2000: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
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