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hysterectomy ponv

Hengfei Luan, Xiaobao Zhang, Jiying Feng, Pin Zhu, Jiatie Li, Zhibin Zhao
BACKGROUND: To identify the effect of dexmedetomidine added to ropivacaine on ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block for postoperative analgesia after abdominal hysterectomy surgery. METHODS: Sixty patients were enrolled in the study and divided into two groups. Bilateral 20 mL 0.3% ropivacaine and 2 mL 0.9% normal saline for ropivacaine group (group R), and bilateral 20 mL 0.3% ropivacaine and 2 mL dexmedetomidine (0.5 µg/kg) for dexmedetomidine group (group RD)...
September 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
Anish N G Sharma, Paniye Shankaranarayana
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is the most common complication seen following laparoscopic surgery. Our study sought to evaluate the efficacy of the newer drug palonosetron with that of ondansetron, in combination with dexamethasone, for PONV in patients undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomies. . METHODS: A total of 90 patients, aged between 30-50 years old, posted for elective laparoscopic hysterectomies under general anesthesia belonging to the American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) physical status I and II were included in the study...
July 2015: Oman Medical Journal
H Torup, M Bøgeskov, E G Hansen, C Palle, J Rosenberg, A U Mitchell, P L Petersen, O Mathiesen, J B Dahl, A M Møller
BACKGROUND: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is widely used as a part of pain management after various abdominal surgeries. We evaluated the effect of TAP block as an add-on to the routine analgesic regimen in patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy. METHODS: In a prospective blinded study, 70 patients scheduled for elective robot-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy were randomised to receive either TAP block (ropivacaine 0.5%, 20 ml on each side) or sham block (isotonic saline 0...
August 2015: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Leila Sekhavat, Robab Davar, Shekoufeh Behdad
OBJECTIVE: Many trials have been conducted with regard to the relative benefits of prophylactic anti-emetic interventions given alone or in combination, yet the results remain unknown. This study reviewed the efficacy of a single prophylactic dose of dexamethasone on postoperative nausea or vomiting (PONV) after abdominal hysterectomy. METHODS: In a prospective study of 100 women undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) under general anesthesia, the dexamethasone group (n=50) received a single dose (8 mg) immediately after the operation, and the saline group (n=50) received a dose of saline as a placebo, in addition to conventional management...
June 2015: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
Yasser Mohamed Amr, Sabry M Amin
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of persistent chronic pain after abdominal hysterectomy is 5-32%. Our objectives were to determine the influence of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block on the incidence of acute and chronic post-hysterectomy pain and to examine potential associations between time of block administration, either before surgical incision (preemptive) or after end of surgical procedure and its effect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-five patients undergoing elective total abdominal hysterectomy under general anesthesia were allocated randomly to receive TAP block either pre-incisional, or before emergence from anesthesia or sham block (just a needle puncture, control group)...
January 2011: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
S Achuthan, I Singh, S B Varthya, A Srinivasan, A Chakrabarti, D Hota
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is frequently encountered in the surgical recovery room. Abdominal surgery is one important risk factor for increased incidence of PONV. Gabapentin, an anticonvulsant with known postoperative analgesic properties, has shown some activity against PONV. Results from clinical trials evaluating the anti-emetic efficacy of gabapentin are conflicting. The present meta-analysis was performed to examine this issue. METHODS: Seventeen randomized placebo-controlled trials reporting PONV with preoperative gabapentin administration in patients undergoing abdominal surgery were included for analysis...
April 2015: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Eu-Gene Kim, Hye Jin Park, Hyoseok Kang, Juyoun Choi, Hyun Jeong Lee
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) commonly occur after general anesthesia, especially in women. In this study, we evaluated the antiemetic efficacy of propofol administered at the end of surgery in highly susceptible patients undergoing a laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy. METHODS: A total of 107 women undergoing a laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy under general anesthesia were enrolled for this prospective, double-blind, randomized study...
March 2014: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Ashraf Aleyasin, Alireza Hayatshahi, Elham Saffarieh, Hassan Torkamandi, Marzieh Aghahosseini, Somayeh Hanafi, Fariborz Sadeghi, Mohammadreza Javadi
PURPOSE: Post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is considered as one of the most disturbing sequels of surgeries under general anesthesia, which if not controlled appropriately increases post-operative morbidity, nursing burden, and general healthcare costs. In this study, we compared granisetron with its brand Kytril(®) and also with metoclopramide regarding PONV management. METHODS: A total of 180 obstetrics and gynecology patients who underwent surgeries under general anesthesia participated in this prospective study at the Dr...
February 2014: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Ashraf Aleyasin, Somayeh Hanafi, Elham Saffarieh, Hassan Torkamandi, Sara Allahyari, Fariborz Sadeghi, Mohammadreza Javadi
Background Granisetron is a first-generation 5-HT3-receptor antagonist that has shown efficacy in preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). In this randomized double-blind parallel-group clinical trial, we assessed the efficacy of generic granisetron versus Kytril®, in the prevention of PONV in patients undergoing general anesthesia for gynaecological surgeries. Method One hundred and twenty patients who were supposed to undergo major gynaecological surgeries (myomectomy and hysterectomy) in Dr...
2012: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
M Hensel, J Frenzel, M Späker, E Keil, N Reinhold
BACKGROUND: In view of the development of innovative and non-traumatic surgical techniques, postoperative pain management should be carried out depending on the invasiveness of the intervention. In the present study two analgesic strategies were compared in patients undergoing minimally invasive hysterectomy: epidural analgesia (EDA) and intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (iv-PCA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: For this prospective case controlled study 60 women with benign uterine diseases undergoing vaginal hysterectomy (VH) or laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) were enrolled...
October 2013: Der Anaesthesist
Kye-Min Kim, Ho-Sook Kim, Se Hun Lim, Soon Ho Cheong, Eun-Jung Choi, Hyun Kang, Hey-Ran Choi, Jin-Woo Jeon, Jun Heum Yon, Minkyung Oh, Jae-Gook Shin
OBJECTIVE: Fentanyl, a μ-opioid receptor agonist, is a substrate of P-glycoprotein. Its metabolism is catalyzed by CYP3A4 and CYP3A5. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between postoperative fentanyl consumption and genetic polymorphisms of μ-opioid receptor (OPRM1), ABCB1 (gene encoding P-glycoprotein), CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 in Korean patients. METHODS: 196 female patients scheduled to undergo total abdominal hysterectomy or laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy under general anesthesia were enrolled in this study...
May 2013: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Wol Seon Jung, Yong Beom Kim, Hee Yeon Park, Woo Jong Choi, Hong Seuk Yang
PURPOSE: The use of opioids following surgery is associated with a high incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). We conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to investigate the effect of orally administered aprepitant, a neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist, for reducing PONV in patients with fentanyl-based, patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) given intravenously after gynecological laparoscopy. METHODS: One hundred and twenty female patients (ages 21-60) undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomy were randomly allocated to receive 80 mg (A80 group, n = 40) or 125 mg aprepitant (A125 group, n = 40) or placebo (control group, n = 40) orally 2 h before anesthesia induction...
June 2013: Journal of Anesthesia
Jea Yeun Lee, Byung Gun Lim, Hye Yoon Park, Nan Sook Kim
BACKGROUND: Coughing, hypertension, tachycardia, and even laryngospasm can occur due to airway irritation during emergence from anesthesia. We investigated the effect of maintaining a sufentanil infusion during emergence from anesthesia by evaluating the incidence of cough and recovery profiles at extubation. METHODS: In total, eighty-four patients undergoing an elective laparoscopic hysterectomy were randomly divided into two sufentanil groups and a control group...
June 2012: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Terrence K Allen, Cheryl A Jones, Ashraf S Habib
BACKGROUND: We performed a systematic review to assess the efficacy of dexamethasone in reducing postoperative nausea, vomiting (PONV), pruritus, and enhancing postoperative analgesia in patients receiving neuraxial anesthesia with neuraxial morphine. METHODS: We searched Medline (1966-2011), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, and Web of Science for all randomized controlled trials comparing dexamethasone with placebo for the prevention of PONV and/or pruritus in patients receiving neuraxial morphine as part of a neuraxial anesthetic technique...
April 2012: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Jae-Woo Lee, Hye Jin Park, Juyoun Choi, So Jin Park, Hyoseok Kang, Eu-Gene Kim
BACKGROUND: This study compared the preventive effects of ramosetron and ondansetron on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in highly susceptible patients undergoing abdominal hysterectomy. METHODS: In a prospective, randomized, double-blinded study, a total of 120 highly susceptible women (nonsmokers, those receiving opioid-based IV patient-controlled analgesia [PCA]) undergoing abdominal hysterectomy were included in the study. Patients were divided into 2 groups and each group received either 0...
December 2011: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Jung-Jong Kim, Myung-Hwa Ha, Sang-Ho Jung, Nam-Won Song
BACKGROUND: This randomized, double-blinded clinical study was designed to evaluate the efficiency and safety of remifentanil with ketorolac for IV PCA after laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy. METHODS: Eighty patients were randomly allocated into four groups. Group R received IV PCA using only remifentanil at a basal rate of 0.025 µg/kg/min and a bolus of 0.375 µg/kg. Group RK1 received IV PCA using remifentanil at a basal rate of 0.015 µg/kg/min and a bolus of 0...
July 2011: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Ladan Ajori, Leila Nazari, Mohammad Mohsen Mazloomfard, Zohreh Amiri
PURPOSE: Gabapentin has demonstrated analgesic effects in some studies. This double blind randomized clinical trial (RCT) was conducted to evaluate whether the pre-emptive use of gabapentin 600 mg could reduce postoperative pain, nausea and vomiting, and meperidine consumption in patients after hysterectomy. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2010, a total of 170 patients who were candidates for abdominal hysterectomy were assessed for eligibility to enter the study. Thirty patients were excluded for different reasons; and 140 included patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups according to the method of treatment, gabapentin or placebo, in a double-blind manner before hysterectomy...
March 2012: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Yong H Kim, Kyo S Kim, Hee J Lee, Jae C Shim, Sung W Yoon
BACKGROUND: In this study, we tested the efficacy of several neuromuscular monitoring modes at the P6 acupuncture point for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). METHODS: In this prospective, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, 264 women undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomy were evaluated for PONV. Neuromuscular blockade was monitored by acceleromyography with 1-Hz single twitch (ST) over the ulnar nerve (n = 54, control), and ST (n = 52), train-of-four (n = 53), double-burst stimulation (n = 53), or tetanus (n = 52) over the median nerve stimulating at the P6 acupuncture point...
April 2011: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Yoshitaka Fujii, Michiyo Itakura
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are distressing and frequent adverse effects (AEs) in women undergoing laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. Midazolam has been reported to be effective for preventing PONV in adults undergoing middle ear surgery and children undergoing strabismus surgery or tonsillectomy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the antiemetic effects of midazolam on PONV in women undergoing laparoscopic gynecologic surgery...
August 2010: Clinical Therapeutics
Tugsan Egemen Bilgin, Handan Birbicer, Zeliha Ozer, Nurcan Doruk, Ekrem Tok, Ugur Oral
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are some of the most-common and undesirable adverse effects after surgery performed under general anesthesia. We investigated the prophylactic value of dexamethasone as an alternate to ondansetron or metoclopramide to prevent PONV after gynecologic surgery. MATERIAL/METHODS: One hundred sixty ASA I-II patients scheduled for elective gynecologic surgery were enrolled. Before induction of anesthesia, patients were randomly allocated to receive intravenously dexamethasone (8 mg) in group D, ondansetron (4 mg) in group O, metoclopramide (10 mg) in group M, and saline (2 mL) in group P...
July 2010: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
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