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Administrative Law

Josiane Tiborski Cesar, Emanuele de Araújo Valentim, Claudia Choma Bettega Almeida, Maria Eliana Madalozzo Schieferdecker, Suely Teresinha Schmidt
This paper is an integrative review of the literature that sought to identify the factors that influence the adhesion and acceptance of school food among Brazilian and American students, and to show the main differences between the programs of these two countries. the following databases were consulted: Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (Lilacs); Pubmed; Scientific Electronic Library Online (Scielo); and Science Direct. Data were collected between July and August 2015, using the following key words in Portuguese and English: "adherence to school food" (adesão à alimentação escolar), "accepting of school feeding" (aceitação à alimentação escolar) and the "National School Lunch Program" ("Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar")...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt, Leandro Daniel Benmergui
During World War II, the U.S. Indian Service conducted social science experiments regarding governance among Japanese Americans imprisoned at the Poston, Arizona, camp. Researchers used an array of techniques culled from anthropological culture and personality studies, psychiatry, psychology, medicine, and public opinion research to probe how the personality traits of the confined Japanese-Americans and camp leaders affected the social interactions within each group and between them. The research drew on prior studies of Indian personality in the US Southwest, Mexico's Native policies, and indirect colonial rule...
March 14, 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Driss Berdaï, Florence Thomas-Delecourt, Karine Szwarcensztein
Early market access of health products is associated with a larger number of requests for information by the health authorities. Compared with these expectations, the growing expansion of health databases represents an opportunity for responding to questions raised by the authorities. The computerised nature of the health system provides numerous sources of data, and first and foremost medical/administrative databases such as the French National Inter-Scheme Health Insurance Information System (SNIIRAM) database...
December 30, 2017: Thérapie
Aaron B Klassen, S Brent Core, Christine M Lohse, Matthew D Sztajnkrycer
Study Objectives Law enforcement is increasingly viewed as a key component in the out-of-hospital chain of survival, with expanded roles in cardiac arrest, narcotic overdose, and traumatic bleeding. Little is known about the nature of care provided by law enforcement prior to the arrival of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) assets. The purpose of the current study was to perform a descriptive analysis of events reported to a national EMS database. METHODS: This study was a descriptive analysis of the 2014 National Emergency Medical Services Information System (NEMSIS) public release research data set, containing EMS emergency response data from 41 states...
March 13, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Yuesheng Shen, Wenjin Zhu, Mengye Zhao, Guige Zhao, Geng Niu, Yuwei Bai, Bo Yang, Chao Chen, Hongli Zhu
Polymerized porcine hemoglobin (pPolyHb), a kind of glutaraldehyde-polymerized haemoglobin-based oxygen carrier, was developed as a potential red blood substitute for clinical applications. Assessment of its absorption, distribution, and metabolism is a major determinant of its safety and efficacy. In this study, a series of pharmacokinetic parameters of pPolyHb were measured and calculated in different animal models, such as the top-load model, the 50% exchange transfusion model and the haemorrhagic shock model...
March 11, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Alexander G Toth, Ojmarrh Mitchell
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to utilize unique qualitative data to determine the effects of sporadic international drug interdictions on drug trafficking, and to assess whether the responses of drug traffickers align with rational choice theory. METHODS: Qualitative data obtained from 23 high-level United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) informants, who are embedded in international drug trafficking groups, are examined to identify common responses to drug interdiction operations...
March 7, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
Deniz Çolakkadıoğlu, Muzaffer Yücel, Barış Kahveci, Özüm Aydınol
The aims of this study are to identify via harnessing noise mapping the effects of noise pollution at Çukurova University campus on the academic setting and to reveal the obtained change values in noise pollution on the campus during the period 2010-2017. In line with these aims, the first step has been to map the highway-induced environmental noise on Çukurova University campus during daytime (07:00-19:00) and evening (19:00-23:00) hours by employing SoundPLAN 7.3 software. Traffic-induced noise distribution maps for years 2010 and 2017 on the campus were analyzed by threshold values stipulated by the Regulation on Environmental Noise Assessment and Management that is compliance with the European Union Directive on Environmental Noise (2002/49/EC) and after the conducted analyses, traffic-induced environmental noise measured on Çukurova University campus since the past to that date was identified in terms of spatial change...
March 9, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Thomas R Radomski, Felicia R Bixler, Susan L Zickmund, KatieLynn M Roman, Carolyn T Thorpe, Jennifer A Hale, Florentina E Sileanu, Leslie R M Hausmann, Joshua M Thorpe, Katie J Suda, Kevin T Stroupe, Adam J Gordon, Chester B Good, Michael J Fine, Walid F Gellad
BACKGROUND: The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has implemented robust strategies to monitor prescription opioid dispensing, but these strategies have not accounted for opioids prescribed by non-VA providers. State-based prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) are a potential tool to identify VA patients' receipt of opioids from non-VA prescribers, and recent legislation requires their use within VA. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate VA physicians' perspectives and experiences regarding use of PDMPs to monitor Veterans' receipt of opioids from non-VA prescribers...
March 8, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Shiho Makabe, Toshio Mochizuki, Michihiro Mitobe, Yumi Aoyama, Hiroshi Kataoka, Ken Tsuchiya, Kosaku Nitta
BACKGROUND: In 2014, tolvaptan, a vasopressin receptor antagonist, was approved for the treatment of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) in Japan. Clinical trials of tolvaptan revealed frequent occurrence of the liver function abnormality. According to the package insert in Japan, liver function tests should be performed once a month in patients receiving tolvaptan. Furthermore, immediate discontinuation of tolvaptan is recommended in the appearance of liver function abnormalities...
March 5, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
Katherine Smith Fornili
The purpose of this column is to summarize important aspects of the racialized War on Drugs, including (a) the school-to-prison pipeline, (b) the for-profit prison system ("prison industrial complex"), (c) racialized mass incarceration, and (d) the disproportionately negative impact of the War on Drugs on families and communities of color. Analysis of critical race theory (CRT), the study of the relationships between race, racism, and power, will provide a cohesive framework for examining these four aspects...
January 2018: Journal of Addictions Nursing
Christopher J D Wallis, Raj Satkunasivam, Sender Herschorn, Calvin Law, Arun Seth, Ronald T Kodama, Girish S Kulkarni, Robert K Nam
BACKGROUND: Androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) has been associated with cardiovascular risk factors and the development of cardiovascular disease in men with metastatic prostate cancer. We sought to examine the effect of ADT on nonprostate cancer mortality among patients with nonmetastatic prostate cancer. METHODS: We performed a population-based, retrospective cohort study of men aged 66 years and older treated with surgery or radiotherapy for nonmetastatic prostate cancer in Ontario, Canada from 2002 to 2009 using administrative datasets (including the Ontario Cancer Registry, Ontario Drug Benefit, and Ontario Health Insurance Plan)...
March 1, 2018: Urologic Oncology
Danielle Martin, Ashley P Miller, Amélie Quesnel-Vallée, Nadine R Caron, Bilkis Vissandjée, Gregory P Marchildon
Access to health care based on need rather than ability to pay was the founding principle of the Canadian health-care system. Medicare was born in one province in 1947. It spread across the country through federal cost sharing, and eventually was harmonised through standards in a federal law, the Canada Health Act of 1984. The health-care system is less a true national system than a decentralised collection of provincial and territorial insurance plans covering a narrow basket of services, which are free at the point of care...
February 22, 2018: Lancet
Jeffrey Traczynski, Victoria Udalova
Many states allow nurse practitioners (NPs) to practice and prescribe drugs without physician oversight, increasing the number of autonomous primary care providers. We estimate the causal impact of NP independence on population health care utilization rates and health outcomes, exploiting variation in the timing of state law passage. We find that NP independence increases the frequency of routine checkups, improves care quality, and decreases emergency room use by patients with ambulatory care sensitive conditions...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Health Economics
Richard Dolinar, Frank Lavernia, Steven Edelman
OBJECTIVE: Many healthcare providers in the U.S. are not familiar with follow-on biologics and biosimilars nor with their critical distinctions from standard generics. Our aim is to provide a detailed review of both, with a focus on insulins in the U.S. regulatory system. METHODS: Literature has been reviewed to provide information on various aspects of biosimilars and a follow-on biologic of insulin. This will include structure, efficacy, cost, switching, and legal issues...
February 2018: Endocrine Practice
Oluwadolapo D Lawal, Maitreyee Mohanty, Harrison Elder, Margie Skeer, Nathalie Erpelding, Ryan Lanier, Nathaniel Katz
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine the characteristics, magnitude, and the quality of reporting of mandated events involving intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) devices in the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience (MAUDE) database; a postmarket surveillance system. METHODS: We utilized a mixed-methods approach to systematically characterize structured data and text narratives associated with IV-PCA events submitted to MAUDE between 1 January 2011 and 12 September 2016...
February 20, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
D Carrieri, F A Peccatori, G Boniolo
'Right To Try' (RTT) laws originated in the USA to allow terminally ill patients to request access to early stage experimental medical products directly from the producer, removing the oversight and approval of the Food and Drug Administration. These laws have received significant media attention and almost equally unanimous criticism by the bioethics, clinical and scientific communities. They touch indeed on complex issues such as the conflict between individual and public interest, and the public understanding of medical research and its regulation...
February 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
Maria Chiu, Farah Rahman, Simone Vigod, Cindy Lau, John Cairney, Paul Kurdyak
BACKGROUND: Single parent families, including families headed by single fathers, are becoming increasingly common around the world. Previous evidence suggests that single parenthood is associated with adverse health outcomes and increased mortality; however, most studies have focused on single mothers, with little known about the health of single fathers. This study aimed to examine mortality in a large population-based sample of Canadian single fathers compared with single mothers and partnered fathers and mothers...
February 14, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
Brian J Piper, Michael J Suarez, John P Piserchio, Dipam T Shah, Olapeju M Simoyan, Kenneth L McCall, Clare E Desrosiers, Stephanie D Nichols
BACKGROUND: The opioid epidemic is rapidly evolving and new tools are needed to combat drug abuse. The Maine Diversion Alert Program (DAP) is an informational resource that facilitates communication about drug arrests between the criminal justice and healthcare fields. The objectives of this report were to: (1) describe the illegal and prescription pharmaceuticals reported to the DAP; (2) determine if the drugs implicated in arrests changed from the first to latter half of 2016; (3) identify the demographic and other characteristics of arrestees; and (4) outline the strengths and limitations of the DAP for other areas considering implementing similar programs...
February 6, 2018: Forensic Science International
Joel H Garner, Matthew J Hickman, Ronald W Malega, Christopher D Maxwell
This research builds on three decades of effort to produce national estimates of the amount and rate of force used by law enforcement officers in the United States. Prior efforts to produce national estimates have suffered from poor and inconsistent measurements of force, small and unrepresentative samples, low survey and/or item response rates, and disparate reporting of rates of force. The present study employs data from a nationally representative survey of state and local law enforcement agencies that has a high survey response rate as well as a relatively high rate of reporting uses of force...
2018: PloS One
Sidharth Sonthalia, Abhijeet K Jha, Aimilios Lallas, Geraldine Jain, Deepak Jakhar
The recent hype surrounding the antimelanogenic properties of glutathione has resulted in physicians frequently administering it as a "wonder" drug for skin lightening and treatment of hyperpigmentation, especially in ethnic populations with darker skin tones. This phenomenon has seen a recent surge owing to aggressive marketing and capitalization of pharma-cosmeceutical companies. However, the unbridled and prodigal use of it, especially as a parenteral formulation, seems unjustified, given the lacunae in our knowledge about its antimelanogenic potential, limited clinical evidence favoring its role in skin lightening, and the statutory ban/advisory issued by certain federal agencies...
January 2018: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
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