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Administrative Law

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734255/use-of-electronic-cigarettes-in-public-and-private-settings-in-barcelona-spain
#1
Nuria Matilla-Santander, Marcela Fu, Montse Ballbè, Kailey Bunch, Cristina Lidón-Moyano, Juan Carlos Martín-Sánchez, Esteve Fernández, Jose M Martínez-Sánchez
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of e-cigarette users who use them in selected indoor public and workplaces, and private venues in Barcelona (Spain) in 2015. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of a sample of e-cigarette users (≥ 18 years) from Barcelona (n = 600). We calculated the proportion of e-cigarette users who used the device in public and private settings (in the last 30 days). We fit multivariate logistic regression models adjusted for sex and age to calculate the odds ratios (OR) with their 95% confidence intervals (CI) of e-cigarette use by socio-demographic factors, dual use and nicotine-containing e-cigarettes...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727957/awareness-of-state-legislation-on-naloxone-accessibility-associated-with-willingness-to-prescribe-naloxone
#2
Olihe N Okoro, Karen M Bastianelli, Ya-Feng Wen, Elisabeth F Bilden, Brian K Konowalchuk, Mark E Schneiderhan
BACKGROUND: Increasing rates of opioid-related deaths, state naloxone-legislation changes, and negativity prompted investigation of predictive factors associated with willingness to prescribe naloxone to populations at risk of overdose including knowledge of risk factors, assessment of persons at risk, awareness of legislative changes, perceptions of professional responsibility, and confidence around naloxone prescribing and distribution. METHODS: Cross-sectional, web-based, anonymous, voluntary survey to prescribers of two regional healthcare systems serving urban and rural North Dakota, northern Minnesota, and northwestern Wisconsin...
July 20, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723915/key-findings-from-a-prospective-trauma-registry-at-a-regional-hospital-in-southwest-cameroon
#3
Alain Chichom-Mefire, Obieze C Nwanna-Nzewunwa, Vincent Verla Siysi, Isabelle Feldhaus, Rochelle Dicker, Catherine Juillard
INTRODUCTION: Trauma is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Data characterizing the burden of trauma in Cameroon is limited. Regular, prospective injury surveillance can address the shortcomings of existing hospital administrative logs and medical records. This study aims to characterize trauma as seen at the emergency department (ED) of Limbe Regional Hospital (LRH) and assess the completeness of data obtained by a trauma registry. METHODS AND FINDINGS: From January 2008 to October 2013, we prospectively captured data on injured patients using a strategically designed, context-relevant trauma registry instrument...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719096/the-effect-of-state-laws-designed-to-prevent-nonmedical-prescription-opioid-use-on-overdose-deaths-and-treatment
#4
Ioana Popovici, Johanna Catherine Maclean, Bushra Hijazi, Sharmini Radakrishnan
Nonmedical use of prescription opioids has reached epidemic levels in the United States and globally. In response, federal, state, and local governments are taking actions to address substantial increases in prescription opioid addiction and its associated harms. This study examines the effect of two state laws specifically designed to curtail access to prescription opioids to nonmedical users: pain management clinic and doctor shopping laws. We use administrative data on overdose deaths and admissions to specialty substance use disorder treatment coupled with a differences-in-differences design...
July 18, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713093/legal-regulation-of-the-production-and-trade-of-medical-devices-and-medical-equipment-in-the-eu-and-us-experience-for-ukraine
#5
Vitalii Pashkov, Alla Kotvitska, Andrii Harkusha
INTRODUCTION: The need for effective legal regulation of production and sale of medical products in Ukraine due to its social effect is obvious and requires a high level of clarity. The experience of more advanced countries in this area, given the way chosen by Ukraine to harmonize our laws with EU legislation, is certainly could be a useful source of information. The urgency of issues need further intensification of national legal reforms. Some key points on concept of legal regulation of abovementioned sphere is a base of this study...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711979/acute-kidney-injury-and-critical-limb-ischaemia-associated-with-the-use-of-the-so-called-legal-high-3-fluorophenmetrazine
#6
Michael Fawzy, Wei San Wong-Morrow, Anthony Beaumont, Chris K T Farmer
Until the law in the United Kingdom (UK) changed in May 2016 so called "legal highs" or "new psychoactive substances" were freely available in high street shops across the UK. Following prohibition these drugs are still easily purchased illegally via the internet. We report a case of a patient who self-administered 3-fluorophenmetrazine intravenously with catastrophic consequences. Adverse effects were almost immediate with symptoms of malaise and tachycardia. Two days post administration he was transferred to the intensive therapy unit with acute kidney injury and irreversible four limb ischaemia...
July 15, 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711892/3-d-bioprinting-law-regulation-perspectives
#7
Vitalii Pashkov, Andrii Harkusha
INTRODUCTION: Achieved level of technical progress moves us closer and closer to practical use of 3-d bioprinting technologies in real life. Such perspective raise a wide variety of crucial legal issues from the acceptable model of regulation of the science and its' societal effects to problems of the commercialization of the technology and potential restrictions of its use. Some key points on concept of legal regulation of abovementioned sphere is a base of this study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Scientific discussion on 3-D bioprinting, European Union`s and US experience in patenting of 3-D bioprinting technologies, European Medicine Agency (EMA) or the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations, European Medical Technology Industry Association (EUCOMED) Acts...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700416/mandatory-influenza-vaccination-for-all-healthcare-personnel-a-review-on-justification-implementation-and-effectiveness
#8
Tiffany L Wang, Ling Jing, Joseph A Bocchini
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As healthcare-associated influenza is a serious public health concern, this review examines legal and ethical arguments supporting mandatory influenza vaccination policies for healthcare personnel, implementation issues and evidence of effectiveness. RECENT FINDINGS: Spread of influenza from healthcare personnel to patients can result in severe harm or death. Although most healthcare personnel believe that they should be vaccinated against seasonal influenza, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report that only 79% of personnel were vaccinated during the 2015-2016 season...
July 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692612/occupational-safety-and-health-and-healthy-housing-a-review-of-opportunities-and-challenges
#9
David E Jacobs, Linda Forst
PURPOSE: Occupational safety and health (OSH) risks in construction of healthy housing (HH) have not been examined and collaboration between HH and OSH professionals is inadequate. The World Health Organization is developing international HH guidelines and the International Labour Organization is working to improve OSH in construction globally. METHODS: We searched for exemplary reports (including gray literature) on construction hazards; preventive measures for occupants and workers; OSH frameworks, laws, and regulations; definitions; and HH...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689708/the-growing-role-of-biologics-and-biosimilars-in-the-united-states-perspectives-from-the-apha-biologics-and-biosimilars-stakeholder-conference
#10
Judy Crespi-Lofton, Jann B Skelton
OBJECTIVES: The American Pharmacists Association (APhA) convened the Biologics and Biosimilars Stakeholder Conference on November 30, 2016, in Washington DC. The objectives of the Conference were to determine the key issues and challenges within the marketplace for biologics, follow-on biologics (FOBs), and biosimilars, identify potential roles and responsibilities of pharmacists regarding biologic and biosimilar medications, and identify actions or activities that pharmacists may take to optimize the safe and cost-effective use of biologics and biosimilars...
July 6, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676297/inferring-synaptic-excitation-inhibition-balance-from-field-potentials
#11
Richard Gao, Erik J Peterson, Bradley Voytek
Neural circuits sit in a dynamic balance between excitation (E) and inhibition (I). Fluctuations in E:I balance have been shown to influence neural computation, working memory, and information flow, while more drastic shifts and aberrant E:I patterns are implicated in numerous neurological and psychiatric disorders. Current methods for measuring E:I dynamics require invasive procedures that are difficult to perform in behaving animals, and nearly impossible in humans. This has limited the ability to examine the full impact that E:I shifts have in cognition and disease...
July 1, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671513/historic-leadership-one-courageous-school-nurse-s-heroic-journey-part-4
#12
Ellen F Johnsen, Katherine J Pohlman
School nursing practice establishes itself in the midst of both education and nursing philosophies, ethics, standards, laws, and regulations. Treading these two worlds is difficult at times and requires that a school nurse possess a strong foundational knowledge base, seek professional collaboration, and navigate conflicting professional demands in order to promote student and public safety. This article is Part 4 of a four-part series that recounts the inspiring story of a school nurse, Ellen Johnsen, who did just that back in the 1980s in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma...
July 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671085/research-on-the-pharmaceutical-intellectual-property-protection-and-supervision-of-pharmacy-administration
#13
Zhongyuan Xu, Wei Chen
The patent system plays an important role in the pharmaceutical industry. In this paper, the authors analyze the pharmaceutical intellectual property protection and supervision of pharmacy administration. The intellectual property rights of drugs shall be granted to the inventor in accordance with the law, however, the pharmaceutical industry is concerned with the public health and social welfare. Therefore, we focus on the analysis of patent compulsory licensing system in the protection of intellectual property rights...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669255/a-simple-and-inexpensive-way-to-document-simple-husbandry-in-animal-care-facilities-using-qr-code-scanning
#14
Tyler Green, Terry Smith, Richard Hodges, W Mark Fry
Record keeping within research animal care facilities is a key part of the guidelines set forth by national regulatory bodies and mandated by federal laws. Research facilities must maintain records of animal health issues, procedures and usage. Facilities are also required to maintain records regarding regular husbandry such as general animal checks, feeding and watering. The level of record keeping has the potential to generate excessive amounts of paper which must be retained in a fashion as to be accessible...
January 1, 2017: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664666/judicial-intervention-in-alcohol-regulation-an-empirical-legal-analysis
#15
Janani Muhunthan, Blake Angell, Andrew Wilson, Belinda Reeve, Stephen Jan
OBJECTIVE: While governments draft law and policy to promote public health, it is through cases put before the judiciary that the implementation of law can be challenged and where its practical implications are typically determined. In this paper, we examine the role of court judgements on efforts in Australia to regulate the harmful use of alcohol. METHODS: Australian case law (2010 to June 2015) involving the judicial review of administrative decisions relating to development applications or liquor licences for retail liquor outlets (bottle shops), hotels, pubs and clubs was identified using a case law database (WestLaw AU)...
June 29, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663186/the-role-of-courts-in-shaping-health-equity
#16
Mark A Hall
United States' courts have played a limited, yet key, role in shaping health equity in three areas of law: racial discrimination, disability discrimination, and constitutional rights. Executive and administrative action has been much more instrumental than judicial decisions in advancing racial equality in health care. Courts have been reluctant to intervene on racial justice because overt discrimination has largely disappeared, and the Supreme Court has interpreted civil rights laws in a fashion that restricts judicial authority to address more subtle or diffused forms of disparate impact...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663177/introduction-the-many-roads-toward-achieving-health-equity
#17
Alan B Cohen, Colleen M Grogan, Jedediah N Horwitt
This special issue of the Journal is devoted to understanding the many roads that lead toward achieving health equity. The eleven articles in the issue portray an America that is struggling with the clash between its historical ideal of pursuing equality for all and its ambivalence toward achieving equity in all social domains, especially health. Organized in five sections, the issue contains articles that examine and analyze: the role of civil rights law and the courts in shaping health equity; the political discourse that has framed our understanding of health equity; health policies that affect health equity, such as the Medicaid program, as well as related strategies that might help to improve equity, such as the use of mobile technologies to empower individuals; immigration policies and practices that impact health equity in marginalized populations; and commentaries in the final section that explore how the Affordable Care Act has addressed health equity, how repeal of the law would jeopardize equity gains, and how the political discourse and culture of the Trump administration could adversely affect health equity...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662974/u-s-cannabis-legalization-and-use-of-vaping-and-edible-products-among-youth
#18
Jacob T Borodovsky, Dustin C Lee, Benjamin S Crosier, Joy L Gabrielli, James D Sargent, Alan J Budney
BACKGROUND: Alternative methods for consuming cannabis (e.g., vaping and edibles) have become more popular in the wake of U.S. cannabis legalization. Specific provisions of legal cannabis laws (LCL) (e.g., dispensary regulations) may impact the likelihood that youth will use alternative methods and the age at which they first try the method - potentially magnifying or mitigating the developmental harms of cannabis use. METHODS: This study examined associations between LCL provisions and how youth consume cannabis...
June 9, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657986/the-truth-behind-transvaginal-mesh-litigation-devices-timelines-and-provider-characteristics
#19
Colby P Souders, Karyn S Eilber, Lynn McClelland, Lauren N Wood, Alexander R Souders, Vicki Steiner, Jennifer Tash Anger
OBJECTIVES: Following Food and Drug Administration communications about the safety of transvaginal prolapse, more than 73,000 patients with complications from treatment of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) or stress urinary incontinence (SUI) have filed product liability claims. This research analyzes the transvaginal mesh claims filed in the United States to identify key characteristics that may inform clinical decision-making. METHODS: We evaluated a 1% random sample from the Bloomberg Law Database: 2000 to 2014 and associated legal documents...
June 27, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651146/the-effects-of-drinking-and-driving-laws-on-car-crashes-injuries-and-deaths-evidence-from-chile
#20
Sebastián Otero, Tomás Rau
This paper analyzes the effects of lowering the legal blood alcohol content limit for drivers from 0.05 to 0.03 grams of alcohol per deciliter of blood (g/dL) and increasing license suspension periods for offenders. We take advantage of a rich data set of administrative records that allow us to identify direct measures of accidents involving alcohol including fatalities and injuries. Results show a significant decrease of 32% in alcohol-related car accidents right after the law was approved but the effects moderate over time (15% after three years)...
June 23, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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