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Peripheral venous catheter

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327562/development-of-a-porcine-beating-heart-model-of-self-myocardial-retroperfusion-evaluation-of-hemodynamic-and-cardiac-responses-to-ischemia-and-clinical-applications
#1
Daniel Grandmougin, Jean-Mathieu Casse, Antoine Chalon, Yun Luo, Aude Falanga, Vanessa Marie, Fréderique Groubatch-Joineau, Brice Mourer, Marie Grandmougin, David Grandmougin, Guillaume Gauchotte, Juan-Pablo Maureira, Nguyen Tran
BACKGROUND: Retrograde perfusion into the coronary sinus is used to deliver cardioplegia. We developed an in-vivo porcine beating-heart model of self-myocardial retroperfusion (SMR) using the venous route to supply myocardial oxygenation and sought to assess hemodynamic and cardiac responses triggered by SMR before and after a prolonged occlusion of the LAD. METHODS: A bypass-line between the ascending aorta and the coronary sinus was made to perform a selective retrograde perfusion of the great cardiac vein with oxygenated blood (SMR)...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317911/a-quality-assurance-investigation-of-clabsi-events-are-there-exceptions-to-never
#2
Samantha Strickler, Rohit R Gupta, John T Doucette, Roopa Kohli-Seth
Background: In the USA, central line associated blood stream infections (CLABSIs) have been designated as 'never events', prompting initiatives towards a 'zero CLABSIs' standard. We propose that there are cascading risk factors predisposing certain patient cohorts to higher CLABSIs rates. Methods: A retrospective review of all CLABSI infections over a 12-month period was undertaken. Risk factors examined included catheter type, insertion site and parenteral nutrition (PN) status...
January 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300281/the-ios-have-it-a-prospective-observational-study-of-vascular-access-success-rates-in-patients-in-extremis-using-video-review
#3
Kristen M Chreiman, Ryan P Dumas, Mark J Seamon, Patrick K Kim, Patrick M Reilly, Lewis J Kaplan, Jason D Christie, Daniel N Holena
BACKGROUND: Quick and successful vascular access in injured patients arriving in extremis is crucial to enable early resuscitation and rapid OR transport for definitive repair. We hypothesized that intraosseous (IO) access would be faster and have higher success rates than peripheral IVs (PIVs) or central venous catheters (CVCs). METHODS: High-definition video recordings of resuscitations for all patients undergoing Emergency Department Thoracotomy (EDT) from 4/2016-7/2017 were reviewed as part of a quality improvement initiative...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280905/ultrasound-guided-peripheral-intravenous-catheters-to-reduce-central-venous-catheter-use-on-the-inpatient-medical-ward
#4
Benjamin T Galen, William N Southern
PURPOSE: The traditional technique of placing a peripheral intravenous (IV) catheter is successful in most cases on inpatient wards. However, when the traditional method fails, a central venous catheter may be placed to maintain IV access. These catheters are associated with risks including central line-associated bloodstream infection. METHODS: We evaluated the effectiveness and acceptability of an ultrasound-guided peripheral IV service to reduce the number of newly placed central venous catheters on an inpatient ward...
January 2018: Quality Management in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258628/cost-analysis-of-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-in-pediatric-patients
#5
Zhaoxin Dong, Bairbre L Connolly, Wendy J Ungar, Peter C Coyte
PURPOSE: A peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) is a useful option in providing secure venous access, which enables patients to be discharged earlier with the provision of home care. The objective was to identify the costs associated with having a PICC from a societal perspective, and to identify factors that are associated with total PICC costs. METHODS: Data were obtained from a retrospective cohort of 469 hospitalized pediatric patients with PICCs inserted...
December 20, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258474/full-title-peripheral-venous-catheter-complications-in-children-predisposing-factors-in-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Rim Ben Abdelaziz, Habiba Hafsi, Hela Hajji, Hela Boudabous, Amel Ben Chehida, Ali Mrabet, Khadija Boussetta, Sihem Barsaoui, Azza Sammoud, Mourad Hamzaoui, Hatem Azzouz, Néji Tebib
BACKGROUND: Peripheral venous catheterization (PVC) is frequently used in children. This procedure is not free from potential complications. Our purpose was to identify the types and incidences of PVC complications in children and their predisposing factors in a developing country. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational multicenter study in five pediatric and pediatric surgery departments over a period of 2 months. Two hundred fifteen PVC procedures were conducted in 98 children...
December 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240506/preventing-peripheral-venous-catheter-related-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteraemia
#7
Clark D Russell, A Keith Morris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236655/association-of-proteinuria-with-central-venous-catheter-use-at-initial-hemodialysis
#8
Ken J Park, Eric S Johnson, Ning Smith, David M Mosen, Micah L Thorp
CONTEXT: Central venous catheter (CVC) use is associated with increased mortality and complications in hemodialysis recipients. Although prevalent CVC use has decreased, incident use remains high. OBJECTIVE: To examine characteristics associated with CVC use at initial dialysis, specifically looking at proteinuria as a predictor of interest. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort of 918 hemodialysis recipients from Kaiser Permanente Northwest who started hemodialysis from January 1, 2004, to January 1, 2014...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229228/factors-influencing-norvancomycin-concentration-in-plasma-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-in-patients-after-craniotomy-and-dosing-guideline-a-population-approach
#9
Xingang Li, Yuanxing Wu, Shusen Sun, Qiang Wang, Zhigang Zhao
PURPOSE: Antibacterial spectrum and activity of norvancomycin are comparable with vancomycin, and it has been widely used in China. Norvancomycin can penetrate into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) through the damaged blood-brain barrier in patients after craniotomy. Because higher inter-individual variability was observed, we aimed to identify factors related to drug concentration to guide clinicians with norvancomycin dosing. METHODS: After craniotomy, patients with an indwelling catheter in the operational area/ventricle were intravenously administered norvancomycin...
December 8, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217204/appropriateness-and-complications-of-peripheral-venous-catheters-placed-in-an-emergency-department
#10
Bertrand Guihard, Fanny Rouyer, David Serrano, Jérôme Sudrial, Xavier Combes
BACKGROUND: The insertion of peripheral venous catheters (PVCs) is the invasive procedure most frequently performed in hospitals, and it could be associated with complications. The appropriateness of PVC placement, however, has not been carefully analyzed. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a study to assess the rate of PVC placement in our Emergency Department (ED), their use, their immediate or potential usefulness, and their complications. METHODS: In this descriptive prospective study, we recorded every PVC placed in our ED during 1 week and assessed its appropriateness in terms of its use and potential usefulness...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198897/the-idle-central-venous-catheter-in-the-nicu-when-should-it-be-removed
#11
Cristen N Litz, Jordan G Tropf, Paul D Danielson, Nicole M Chandler
PURPOSE: There is debate regarding the optimal timing of central line removal in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The purpose was to evaluate outcomes of idle peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) and tunneled central venous catheters (TCVCs) and determine the incidence of line-related infections and replacements. METHODS: Patients in the NICU with T-CVCs placed between 11/2008 and 8/2015 (n=134) or PICCs placed between 7/2013 and 10/2015 (n=467) were included...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193156/validating-and-implementing-the-use-of-an-infusion-pump-for-the-administration-of-thawed-hematopoietic-progenitor-cells-a-single-institution-experience
#12
Ronit Reich-Slotky, Melissa M Cushing, Yen-Michael S Hsu, Michael Ancharski, Johanna M Rojas, Lara M Scrimenti, Shawna Robilio, Dianna Assalone, Therese Roselli, Danielle Guarneri, Ljiljana V Vasovic, Ruchika Goel, Tsiporah Shore, Koen van Besien
BACKGROUND: Direct thaw and administration of previously cryopreserved peripheral blood stem cell products is a commonly used practice and should be performed rapidly to reduce cellular damage caused by dimethyl sulfoxide exposure. Cells are typically thawed at the bedside and infused by gravity through a high-flow-rate central venous catheter. An existing nontunneled catheter is occasionally used instead and often results in a slower infusion rate. To ensure expedient and consistent infusions, we validated and implemented the use of an infusion pump for thawed peripheral blood stem cells...
November 29, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176933/a-clinical-pathway-for-the-management-of-difficult-venous-access
#13
Vanno Sou, Craig McManus, Nicholas Mifflin, Steven A Frost, Julie Ale, Evan Alexandrou
Background: Many patients are admitted to hospital with non-visible or palpable veins, often resulting in multiple painful attempts at cannulation, anxiety and catheter failure. We developed a difficult intravenous pathway at our institution to reduce the burden of difficult access for patients by increasing first attempt success with ultrasound guidance. The emphasis was to provide a solution for hospitalised patients after business hours by training the after-hours clinical support team in ultrasound guided cannulation...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169604/validation-of-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-derived-fick-cardiac-outputs-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#14
Kristen M Tecson, Anupama Vasudevan, Amarinder Bindra, Susan M Joseph, Joost Felius, Shelley A Hall, Parag Kale
The pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) remains the gold standard to calculate Fick cardiac outputs (FCOs) in patients with heart failure admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). The peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) provides long-term intravenous access and is used outside the ICU; however, there is scant literature validating venous oxygen saturations (VOSs) from PICC lines. Heart failure patients in the ICU with an existing PAC requiring a PICC line to transition were enrolled. Three blood samples were taken per person (1 at PICC, 1 at central venous pressure [CVP], and 1 at distal PAC)...
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168359/the-effects-of-routine-administration-of-probiotics-on-the-length-of-central-venous-line-usage-in-extremely-premature-infants
#15
Nitin Rajput, Julia Filipovska, Michael Hewson
Rajput N, Filipovska J, Hewson M. The effects of routine administration of probiotics on the length of central venous line usage in extremely premature infants. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 20-27. The objective of this study was to determine whether the routine use of probiotics was associated with earlier removal of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) lines in extremely premature infants born ≤28 weeks' gestation. This study was a retrospective, observational, cohort study in infants born ≤28 weeks gestation in the 2 years before [No Probiotic Group (NPG)] and after [Probiotic Group (PG)] the commencement of the routine use of probiotics (lnfloran®) in a large tertiary neonatal intensive care unit in the North Island of New Zealand...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165507/-infectious-or-noninfectious-phlebitis-lessons-from-a-an-interventional-programm-on-phlebitis-associated-to-peripheral-venous-catheter
#16
Teresa Vergara, Elena Véliz, Alberto Fica, Jordan Leiva
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus definition to distinguish infectious from non-infectious phlebitis associated to peripheral venous catheter. AIMS: To evaluate the impact of an intervention program on the rate of infectious (those associated to bacteremia or local purulent discharge) and non-infectious phlebitis (the rest) and identify differential features. METHODS: Interventional study developed in three stages: basal measurement, intervention, and evaluation...
August 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157318/effect-of-clinical-variables-on-the-volume-of-blood-collected-for-blood-cultures-in-an-adult-patient-population
#17
R Logan Jones, Harlan R Sayles, Paul D Fey, Mark E Rupp
OBJECTIVE To identify clinical variables that influence blood culture volume recovery DESIGN Retrospective chart review and linear model analysis SETTING A 621-bed Academic Medical Center with a Clinical Laboratory that processes 20,000+ blood cultures annually and dedicated phlebotomy staff for venipuncture PATIENTS Consecutive patients requiring blood culture METHODS Over a 6-day period, blood volume was determined in 568 culture bottles from 128 unique adult patients, and clinical data from the time of phlebotomy were extracted from hospital electronic medical records...
November 21, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153532/the-blind-pushing-technique-for-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-placement-through-brachial-vein-puncture
#18
Jae Myeong Lee, Young Kwon Cho, Han Myun Kim, Myung Gyu Song, Soon-Young Song, Jae Woo Yeon, Dae Young Yoon, Sam Yeol Lee
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to conduct a prospective clinical trial evaluating the technical feasibility and short-term clinical outcome of the blind pushing technique for placement of pretrimmed peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) through brachial vein access. METHODS: Patients requiring PICC placement at any of the three participating institutions were prospectively enrolled between January and December 2016. The review boards of all participating institutions approved this study, and informed consent was obtained from all patients...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148000/the-feasibility-and-safety-of-piccs-accessed-via-the-superficial-femoral-vein-in-patients-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#19
Yonghui Wan, Yuxin Chu, Yanru Qiu, Qian Chen, Wei Zhou, Qibin Song
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and safety of the peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) accessed via the superficial femoral vein in patients with superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS). METHODS: From October 2010 to December 2014, 221 cancer patients with SVCS in our center received real-time ultrasound-guidance of the superficial femoral vein inserted central catheters (FICCs) at the mid-thigh. PICC insertion via upper extremity veins had also been investigated in 2604 cancer patients without SVCS as control...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137910/tamponade-hemodynamic-and-echocardiographic-diagnosis
#20
REVIEW
Mark J Kearns, Keith R Walley
Cardiac tamponade is a medical emergency that can be readily reversed with timely recognition and appropriate intervention. The clinical diagnosis of cardiac tamponade requires synthesis of a constellation of otherwise non-specific features, based on an understanding of the underlying pathophysiology. Whereas echocardiographic examination is a central component of diagnosis, alone it is insufficient to establish the physiologic diagnosis of hemodynamically significant cardiac tamponade. The hemodynamic diagnosis of cardiac tamponade requires clinical evidence of low cardiac output and stroke volume in the setting of elevated cardiac filling pressures, with evidence of increased sympathetic tone (tachycardia, peripheral vasoconstriction, etc), and exclusion of other causes of shock as the primary problem (particularly cardiogenic shock)...
November 11, 2017: Chest
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