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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450468/activity-and-safety-of-cetuximab-plus-modified-folfoxiri-followed-by-maintenance-with-cetuximab-or-bevacizumab-for-ras-and-braf-wild-type-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-a-randomized-phase-2-clinical-trial
#1
Chiara Cremolini, Carlotta Antoniotti, Sara Lonardi, Giuseppe Aprile, Francesca Bergamo, Gianluca Masi, Roberta Grande, Giuseppe Tonini, Claudia Mescoli, Giovanni Gerardo Cardellino, Luigi Coltelli, Lisa Salvatore, Domenico Cristiano Corsi, Cristiana Lupi, Donatello Gemma, Monica Ronzoni, Emanuela Dell'Aquila, Federica Marmorino, Francesca Di Fabio, Maria Laura Mancini, Lorenzo Marcucci, Gabriella Fontanini, Vittorina Zagonel, Luca Boni, Alfredo Falcone
Importance: The combination of a triple-drug chemotherapy regimen with an anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) agent as a first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) showed promising activity along with safety concerns in single-arm phase 2 trials. The role of maintenance following chemotherapy and anti-EGFR and the optimal regimen to be adopted are not established. Objectives: To evaluate the activity and safety of cetuximab plus modified FOLFOXIRI (mFOLFOXIRI) and explore the role of maintenance with cetuximab or bevacizumab in RAS and BRAF wild-type mCRC...
February 15, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449503/early-renin-angiotensin-system-blockade-improved-short-term-and-longterm-renal-outcomes-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-with-antiphospholipid-associated-nephropathy
#2
Cai Yue, Guanhong Li, Yubing Wen, Xuemei Li, Ruitong Gao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the renal protective effects of early renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) blockade with renin-angiotensin system inhibitors (RASI) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with antiphospholipid-associated nephropathy (aPLN). METHODS: Medical data of 57 SLE patients with biopsy-proven aPLN were analyzed. Early RAAS blockade was defined as administration of RASI within 3 months after kidney biopsy and continued for ≥ 12 months...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440293/a-correlative-analysis-of-pd-l1-pd-1-pd-l2-egfr-her2-and-her3-expression-in-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#3
Conor E Steuer, Christopher C Griffith, Sreenivas Nannapaneni, Mihir R Patel, Yuan Liu, Kelly R Magliocca, Mark W El-Deiry, Cynthia Cohen, Taofeek K Owonikoko, Dong M Shin, Zhuo Georgia Chen, Nabil F Saba
We explored potential associations of the PD-1/PD-L1/PD-L2 pathway with clinical characteristics, outcome, and expression of EGFR, HER2, HER3 in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) using an institutional database. Protein expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarray sections (EGFR, HER2, HER3) or whole tissue sections (PD-1/PD-L1/PD-L2). Expression of EGFR, HER2, HER3, PD-L1, and PD-L2 was quantified on tumor cells. Maximum density of PD-1 positive lymphocytes was measured on a scale of 0-4 within the tumor mass and peritumoral stroma...
February 13, 2018: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422376/impaired-renal-function-is-associated-with-adverse-outcomes-in-patients-with-chest-pain-discharged-from-internal-medicine-wards
#4
Guy Topaz, Wesal Gharra, Alon Eisen, Alon Y Hershko, Lotan Shilo, Gil Beeri, Yona Kitay-Cohen, David Pereg
BACKGROUND: Assessment of chest pain is one of the most common reasons for hospital admissions in internal medicine wards. However, little is known regarding predictors for poor prognosis in patients discharged from internal medicine wards after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) rule-out. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of kidney function with mortality and hospital admissions due to ACS in patients with chest pain who were discharged from internal medicine wards following ACS rule-out...
February 5, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416916/genotyping-and-mrna-profiling-reveal-actionable-molecular-targets-in-biliary-tract-cancers
#5
Kyriaki Papadopoulou, Samuel Murray, Kyriaki Manousou, Ioannis Tikas, Christos Dervenis, Joseph Sgouros, Dimitra Rontogianni, Sotirios Lakis, Mattheos Bobos, Christos Poulios, Stavroula Pervana, Georgios Lazaridis, George Fountzilas, Vassiliki Kotoula
Biliary tract cancer (BTC) represents a heterogeneous disease with dismal outcome. Herein, we examined genotype and angiogenesis features in BTC. We applied genotyping (Sanger, qPCR, 101-gene panel NGS), mRNA relative quantification methods, and β-catenin immunohistochemistry in 84 FFPE BTC (55 gallbladder [GBC], 14 intrahepatic [ICC], 15 extrahepatic [ECC] carcinomas). We identified 541 mutations in 68 (81%) tumors. Top mutated genes were CTNNB1 (36%); PTEN (33%); TP53 (31%); PIK3R1 (29%); PIK3CA (13%); BRCA2 and KRAS (12%); BRCA1 (11%)...
2018: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407249/detection-of-relationships-between-sudoscan-with-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-egfr-in-chinese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#6
Fei Mao, Xiaoming Zhu, Bin Lu, Yiming Li
OBJECTIVE: SUDOSCAN (Impeto Medical, Paris, France) has been proved to be a new and non-invasive method in detecting renal dysfunction in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. In this study, we sought to compare the result of diabetic kidney dysfunction score (DKD-score) of SUDOSCAN with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) by using quantile regression analysis, which was completely different from previous studies. METHODS: A total number of 223 Chinese T2DM patients were enrolled in the study...
February 3, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400364/is-there-a-correlation-between-kidney-shear-wave-velocity-measured-with-vtq-and-histological-parameters-in-patients-with-chronic-glomerulonephritis-a-pilot-study
#7
Flaviu Bob, Iulia Grosu, Ioan Sporea, Simona Bota, Alina Popescu, Roxana Sirli, Ligia Petrica, Adalbert Schiller
AIM: To analyze the relationship between shear wave velocity in the kidney measured by point shear wave elastography using Virtual Touch Quantification (VTQ) (Siemens Acuson S2000) and histological parameters obtained from renal biopsies, in patients with chronic glomerulonephritis (CGN). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group included 20 patients (mean age 47.95±13.59 years) with different types of CGN, that had underwent renal biopsy and 57 normal controls (mean age 38...
February 4, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396252/glycated-albumin-and-the-risk-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-a-study-in-north-indian-population
#8
Alok Raghav, Jamal Ahmad, Saba Noor, Khursheed Alam, Brijesh Kumar Mishra
AIM: Glycated albumin (GA) suggested being alternative glycemic marker than haemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) in patients with chronic kidney diseases (CKD). We investigated the association between GA and the progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN) in T2DM subjects. METHODS: We recruited T2DM subjects with different stages of CKD who had regularly measured serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) according to Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) guidelines, HbA1c consecutively every 3 months along with GA levels and other anthropometric and demographic measurements...
January 30, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396127/ras-mutation-testing-in-patients-with-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-in-french-clinical-practice-a-status-report-in-2014
#9
Astrid Lièvre, Jean-Louis Merlin, Jean-Christophe Sabourin, Pascal Artru, Sabine Tong, Lucie Libert, François Audhuy, Corinne Gicquel, Laurence Moureau-Zabotto, Roch-Anicet Ossendza, Pierre Laurent-Puig, Michel Ducreux
BACKGROUND: RAS (NRAS + KRAS) mutation testing is required in addition to simple KRAS testing prior to initiating anti-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor (EGFR) antibodies (MAb) as in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). AIMS: To assess prescription and implementation rates of RAS/KRAS mutation testing. To describe the RAS/KRAS mutation test procedure and its impact on therapeutic strategy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Observational retrospective study conducted from June to September 2014 in all consecutive patients with newly diagnosed mCRC...
January 8, 2018: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386185/trim59-promotes-gliomagenesis-by-inhibiting-tc45-dephosphorylation-of-stat3
#10
Youzhou Sang, Yanxin Li, Lina Song, Angel A Alvarez, Weiwei Zhang, Deguan Lv, Jianming Tang, Feng Liu, Zhijie Chang, Shigetsugu Hatakeyama, Bo Hu, Shi-Yuan Cheng, Haizhong Feng
Aberrant epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling is a common driver of glioblastoma (GBM) pathogenesis, however, the downstream effectors that sustain this oncogenic pathway remain unclarified. Here we demonstrate that tripartite motif-containing protein 59 (TRIM59) acts as a new downstream effector of EGFR signaling by regulating STAT3 activation in GBM. EGFR signaling led to TRIM59 upregulation through SOX9 and enhanced the interaction between TRIM59 and nuclear STAT3, which prevents STAT3 dephosphorylation by the nuclear form of T cell protein tyrosine phosphatase (TC45), thereby maintaining transcriptional activation and promoting tumorigenesis...
January 31, 2018: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366835/performance-of-high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-in-the-emergency-department-for-myocardial-infarction-and-a-composite-cardiac-outcome-across-different-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rates
#11
Peter A Kavsak, Andrew Worster, Colleen Shortt, Jinhui Ma, Natasha Clayton, Jonathan Sherbino, Stephen A Hill, Matthew McQueen, Lauren E Griffith, Shamir R Mehta, Andrew D McRae, P J Devereaux
BACKGROUND: Clinicians regularly observe increased high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) concentrations in patients with low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). The challenge is to differentiate acute coronary syndrome (ACS) from increased hs-cTn results across a range of eGFR. We determined the optimal hs-cTn concentrations for acute myocardial infarction (MI) and a composite cardiovascular outcome across different eGFR ranges and to assess the utility of a low hs-cTn cutoff to rule-out events...
January 20, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360915/the-effects-of-egfr-change-on-cvd-renal-and-mortality-outcomes-in-a-hypertensive-cohort-treated-with-3-different-antihypertensive-medications
#12
Joshua I Barzilay, Barry R Davis, Sara L Pressel, Alokananda Ghosh, Mahboob Rahman, Paula T Einhorn, William C Cushman, Paul K Whelton, Jackson T Wright
BACKGROUND: Impaired renal function is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and mortality. The impact of short-term renal function decline on outcomes is less well studied. The association of antihypertensive medications with the impact of short-term estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline is not known. METHODS: We examined 20,207 hypertensive participants with baseline and 2-year creatinine levels from which eGFR changes were estimated...
January 19, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357423/acid-retention-in-chronic-kidney-disease-is-inversely-related-to-gfr
#13
Nimrit Goraya, Jan Simoni, Lauren N Sager, Jessica Pruszynski, Donald Everett Wesson
Greater H+ retention in animal models of chronic kidney disease (CKD) mediates faster GFR decline and dietary H+ reduction slows eGFR decline in CKD patients with reduced eGFR and H+ retention due to the high acid (H+) diets of developed societies. We examined if H+ retention in CKD is inversely associated with estimated GFR (eGFR) using cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis of individuals with CKD stage 1 (>90 ml/min/1.73m2), CKD stage 2 (60-89 ml/min/1.73m2), and CKD stage 3 (30-59 ml/min/1.73m2) eGFR...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357391/iron-deficiency-across-chronic-kidney-disease-stages-is-there-a-reverse-gender-pattern
#14
Mabel Aoun, Rita Karam, Ghassan Sleilaty, Leony Antoun, Walid Ammar
In non-dialysis chronic kidney disease patients, looking for iron deficiency is highly variable in practice and there is a great variability regarding the cutoffs used to treat iron deficiency. The aim of this study is to investigate the degree of iron deficiency in non-dialysis chronic kidney disease patients on erythropoiesis-stimulating agents. We included all non-dialysis chronic kidney disease patients that applied to the Lebanese Ministry of Public Health for erythropoiesis-stimulating agents' coverage during a 5-month period...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356245/predicting-survival-of-older-community-dwelling-individuals-according-to-five-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-equations-the-inchianti-study
#15
Andrea Corsonello, Claudio Pedone, Stefania Bandinelli, Luigi Ferrucci, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi
AIMS: There is uncertainty about which estimated glomerular filtration rate eGFR equation to use in older people with respect to the prediction of prognosis. Our aim was: (i) to compare the discriminative capacity of eGFR estimated by different equations with respect to all-cause mortality; and (ii) to identify the eGFR threshold at which the risk of mortality starts to increase for each equation. METHODS: We used data from 828 community-dwelling older adults aged >65 years enrolled in the InCHIANTI study...
January 22, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354623/occurrences-and-results-of-acute-kidney-injury-after-endovascular-aortic-abdominal-repair
#16
Jeahong Lee, Keun-Myoung Park, Sungteak Jung, Wonpyo Cho, Kee Chun Hong, Yong Sun Jeon, Soon Gu Cho, Jung Bum Lee
Purpose: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an important postoperative complication that may impact mortality and morbidity. The incidence of AKI after elective endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is not known well. The aim of this study is to assess the incidence of AKI after elective EVAR and examine the impact of AKI. Materials and Methods: Data were collected and analyzed retrospectively from 78 elective EVARs for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) among 102 total cases of conventional EVAR performed in Inha University Hospital from 2009 to 2015...
December 2017: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353826/the-association-between-glomerular-filtration-rate-estimated-on-admission-and-acute-stroke-outcome-the-shiga-stroke-registry
#17
Aryandhito Widhi Nugroho, Hisatomi Arima, Itsuko Miyazawa, Takako Fujii, Naomi Miyamatsu, Yoshihisa Sugimoto, Satoru Nagata, Masaru Komori, Naoyuki Takashima, Yoshikuni Kita, Katsuyuki Miura, Kazuhiko Nozaki
AIM: Although renal dysfunction has been identified as a novel risk factor affecting stroke prognosis, few have analyzed the association within large-scale population-based setting, using wide-range estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) category. We aimed to determine the association of admission eGFR with acute stroke outcomes using data from a registry established in Shiga Prefecture, Japan. METHODS: Following exclusion of patients younger than 18 years, with missing serum creatinine data, and with onset more than 7 days prior to admission, 2,813 acute stroke patients registered in the Shiga Stroke Registry year 2011 were included in the final analysis...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353331/construction-of-a-plasmid-vector-containing-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-and-c-jun-shrna
#18
Hong Xiao, Ruinian Yang, Fang Yang, Yanan Zhao, Yin Liu
The objective of this study was to construct a plasmid vector for EGFR-hm-1 and C-Junh-825 small interfering RNA (siRNA). EGFR-hm-1 and C-Jun-hm-825 oligonucleotide fragments were synthesized and short hairpin RNA (shRNA) were amplified by PCR. Plasmids were isolated from E. coli TOP10 bacterium by restriction enzyme digestion using pst1 and BamH1 and oligonucleotide fragments were cloned into the pSilencer plasmid containing the U6 promoter. Recombinant clones were generated by transforming JM109 competent cells with plasmid vectors containing shRNA molecules...
January 20, 2018: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352693/the-association-between-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-albuminuria-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-hospitalizations-and-all-cause-mortality-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
Gregory A Nichols, Anouk Déruaz-Luyet, Sibylle J Hauske, Kimberly G Brodovicz
AIMS: We evaluated the simultaneous effects of all clinically recognized categories of albuminuria and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) on cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal observational study of 16,678 type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. From the first serum creatinine value from 2006 to 2012 and a urine-albumin creatinine ratio (UACR) recorded within 6months, we applied baseline Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) categories of eGFR and albuminuria...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343941/clinical-features-of-hypophosphatemic-osteomalacia-induced-by-long-term-low-dose-adefovir-dipivoxil
#20
Sheng Zhu, Yu-Hui Yang, Rong-Wei Gao, Ran Li, Yu-Zhen Zou, Lei Feng, Bo Zhang
Objective: To investigate the predictors of hypophosphatemic osteomalacia induced by adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) and to monitor for early detection. Patients and methods: Hospitalized patients who were diagnosed with ADV-related hypo-phosphatemic osteomalacia were recruited and retrospectively analyzed in our hospital from January 2012 to December 2016. A telephone interview was conducted at 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 24 months after cessation of ADV. Results: In the 8 patients enrolled in the study, the hypophosphatemic osteomalacia symptoms developed at an average of 5...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
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