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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149902/metabolism-of-aromatics-by-trichosporon-oleaginosus-while-remaining-oleaginous
#1
Allison Yaguchi, Alana Robinson, Erin Mihealsick, Mark Blenner
BACKGROUND: The oleaginous yeast, Trichosporon oleaginosus, has been extensively studied for its ability to metabolize non-conventional feedstocks. These include phenol-containing waste streams, such as distillery wastewater, or streams consisting of non-conventional sugars, such as hydrolyzed biomass and various bagasse. An initial BLAST search suggests this yeast has putative aromatic metabolizing genes. Given the desirability to valorize underutilized feedstocks such as lignin, we investigated the ability of T...
November 17, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145127/effect-of-lipid-free-microalgal-biomass-and-waste-glycerol-on-growth-and-lipid-production-of-scenedesmus-obliquus-innovative-waste-recycling-for-extraordinary-lipid-production
#2
Abd El-Fatah Abomohra, Hamed Eladel, Mohamed El-Esawi, Shuang Wang, Qian Wang, Zhixia He, Yongqiang Feng, Hao Shang, Dieter Hanelt
In the present work, a novel approach of using growth medium with different substitutions of lipid-free algal hydrolysate (LFAH, 0, 5, 10 and 15%) and/or waste glycerol (WG, 0, 5, 10 and 20 g L(-1)) for enhanced biodiesel production from Scenedesmus obliquus was studied. Combination of different concentrations of WG with 15% LFAH showed the maximum significant biomass productivity, which represented 27.4, 30.5 and 28.9% over the control at combined 5, 10 and 20 g L(-1) WG, respectively. The combinations of different LFAH with 20 g L(-1) WG showed the maximum significant lipid accumulation, where lipid productivity showed its maximum significant value of 59...
November 4, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145070/arsenic-forms-and-their-combinations-induce-differences-in-phenolic-accumulation-in-ulmus-laevis-pall
#3
Kinga Drzewiecka, Monika Gąsecka, Paweł Rutkowski, Zuzanna Magdziak, Piotr Goliński, Mirosław Mleczek
Total phenolics and the profile of phenolic acids and flavonoids were investigated in the roots and leaves of Ulmus laevis cultured on the medium with inorganic and organic arsenic - As(III), As(V) and DMA(V) at 0.06mM and their equimolar combinations. Further, the accumulation of salicylic acid (free and glucoside-bound) and lipid oxidation were assayed following a three-month long experiment. As treatment caused elevated production of phenolics, which was higher in photosynthetic tissue than in roots for all As forms and their combinations, and their overall content was correlated with the accumulation of organic As in roots and As(III) in leaves...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144989/cysteine-dioxygenase-1-mediates-erastin-induced-ferroptosis-in-human-gastric-cancer-cells
#4
Shihui Hao, Jiang Yu, Wanming He, Qiong Huang, Yang Zhao, Bishan Liang, Shuyi Zhang, Zhaowei Wen, Shumin Dong, Jinjun Rao, Wangjun Liao, Min Shi
BACKGROUND: Ferroptosis is a recently discovered form of iron-dependent nonapoptotic cell death. It is characterized by loss of the activity of the lipid repair enzyme, glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), and accumulation of lethal reactive lipid oxygen species. However, we still know relatively little about ferroptosis and its molecular mechanism in gastric cancer (GC) cells. Here, we demonstrate that erastin, a classic inducer of ferroptosis, induces this form of cell death in GC cells and that cysteine dioxygenase 1 (CDO1) plays an important role in this process...
November 13, 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144802/lipid-accumulation-product-visceral-adiposity-index-and-chinese-visceral-adiposity-index-as-markers-of-cardiometabolic-risk-in-adult-growth-hormone-deficiency-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Xin Xie, Qing Li, Lingmin Zhang, Wei Ren
OBJECTIVE: Adult growth hormone deficiency (AGHD) is associated with cardiometabolic risk factors. Given that cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the AGHD population, there is a need for alternative, non-invasive methods of assessing cardiometabolic risk in this population. Chinese visceral adiposity index (CVAI) is a new marker of visceral fat dysfunction that is based on age, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and metabolic parameters...
November 16, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142415/are-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-metabolites-the-protective-effect-of-4-hydroxytyrosol-on-human-red-blood-cell-membranes-and-oxidative-damage-4-hydroxyalkenals-compatible-in-hypertriglyceridemic-patients
#6
Giuseppe Gallo, Rosalinda Bruno, Adele Taranto, Guglielmo Martino
Background: Increased levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) are demonstrated in plasma of uremic patients. A study showed that the comparison of erythrocytes of healthy and diseased patients (obese, hypertensive, and Type 2 diabetics) with age is associated to a disturbed oxidant/antioxidant balance when obesity is associated with hypertension. 4-hydroxytyrosol is shown to significantly protect red blood cells (RBCs) from oxidative damage (4-HNE). In literature, there are partial discussions on the role of lipids and their oxidation products...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141586/profiling-membrane-glycerolipids-during-%C3%AE-ray-induced-membrane-injury
#7
Guowei Zheng, Weiqi Li
BACKGROUND: γ-rays are high-energy radiation that cause a range of random injuries to plant cells. Most studies on this issue have focused on γ-ray-induced nucleotide damage and the production of reactive oxygen species in cells, so little is known about the glycerolipid metabolism during γ-rays induced membrane injury. Using an ESI-MS/MS-based lipidomic method, we analysed the lipidome changes in wild-type and phospholipase D (PLD)δ- and α1-deficient Arabidopsis after γ-ray treatment...
November 15, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141535/sln-and-nlc-encapsulating-antifungal-agents-skin-drug-delivery-and-their-unexplored-potential-for-treating-onychomycosis
#8
Tais Gratieri, Anna Paula Krawczyk-Santos, Priscila Bianca Rodrigues da Rocha, Marcilio Cunha-Filho, Guilherme Martins Gelfuso, Ricardo Neves Marreto, Stephania Fleury Taveira
BACKGROUND: Lipid nanoparticles have been extensively studied for drug delivery of antifungal drugs, especially for dermatophytosis treatments. They can accumulate in skin appendages and release drugs in a controlled manner and also increase skin moisture, due to the formation of an occlusive film. Since moisture heavily influences nail and skin permeability, these systems seem to pose great potential for antifungal drug delivery. METHODS: We therefore compare skin and nail physiopathological structure and discuss the potential use of lipid nanoparticles in managing skin and nail mycoses, highlighting their unexplored use in onychomycosis...
November 14, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141191/microbial-lipids-and-added-value-metabolites-production-by-yarrowia-lipolytica-from-pork-lard
#9
Marlene Lopes, Andreia S Gomes, Carla M Silva, Isabel Belo
Yarrowia lipolytica is a suitable microbial platform to convert low-value hydrophobic substrates into microbial oils and other important metabolites. In this work, this yeast species was used to simultaneously synthetize ex novo lipids and produce citric acid and lipase from animal fat (pork lard) adding higher value to the low-cost fatty substrate. The effect of pH, lard concentration, arabic gum concentration and oxygen mass transfer rate (OTR) on lipids accumulation on Y. lipolytica batch cultures was assessed by an experimental design based on Taguchi method...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138451/improvement-on-lipid-production-by-scenedesmus-obliquus-triggered-by-low-dose-exposure-to-nanoparticles
#10
Meilin He, Yongquan Yan, Feng Pei, Mingzhu Wu, Temesgen Gebreluel, Shanmei Zou, Changhai Wang
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), α-Fe2O3 nanoparticles (nano Fe2O3) and MgO nanoparticles (nano MgO) were evaluated for the effects on algae growth and lipid production. Nano Fe2O3 promoted cell growth in the range of 0-20 mg·L(-1). CNTs, nano Fe2O3 and nano MgO inhibited cell growth of Scenedesmus obliquus at 10, 40 and 0.8 mg·L(-1) respectively. Neutral lipid and total lipid content increased with the increasing concentration of all tested nanoparticles. The maximum lipid productivity of cultures exposed to CNTs, nano Fe2O3 and nano MgO was observed at 5 mg·L(-1), 5 mg·L(-1) and 40 mg·L(-1), with the improvement by 8...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136934/differential-responses-of-the-green-microalga-chlorella-zofingiensis-to-the-starvation-of-various-nutrients-for-oil-and-astaxanthin-production
#11
Xuemei Mao, Tao Wu, Dongzhe Sun, Zhao Zhang, Feng Chen
Chlorella zofingiensis has been proposed as a potential producer of lipids and the high-value carotenoid astaxanthin. In this study, the responses of photoautotrophic C. zofingiensis with respect to growth, lipid profiles and astaxanthin accumulation were investigated upon the starvation of N (NS), P (PS) and S (SS). NS and SS stimulated triacylglycerol (TAG) accumulation, which reached 27% and 21% of dry weight (DW), respectively. Stresses also stimulated astaxanthin accumulation greatly, reaching 3.9 mg/g DW by NS...
October 27, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132358/ftir-spectroscopy-as-a-unified-method-for-simultaneous-analysis-of-intra-and-extracellular-metabolites-in-high-throughput-screening-of-microbial-bioprocesses
#12
Gergely Kosa, Volha Shapaval, Achim Kohler, Boris Zimmermann
BACKGROUND: Analyses of substrate and metabolites are often bottleneck activities in high-throughput screening of microbial bioprocesses. We have assessed Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), in combination with high throughput micro-bioreactors and multivariate statistical analyses, for analysis of metabolites in high-throughput screening of microbial bioprocesses. In our previous study, we have demonstrated that high-throughput (HTS) FTIR can be used for estimating content and composition of intracellular metabolites, namely triglyceride accumulation in oleaginous filamentous fungi...
November 13, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132115/comparative-interfacial-in-vitro-digestion-of-protein-and-polysaccharide-oil-water-films
#13
Fernando A Bellesi, Víctor M Pizones Ruiz-Henestrosa, Julia Maldonado-Valderrama, Teresa Del Castillo Santaella, Ana M R Pilosof
The behaviour of proteins (β-lactoglobulin (βlg) and soy protein isolate (SPI)) and a surface active polysaccharide (hydroxypropylmethylcellulose, HPMC) o/w interfacial films under simulated gastrointestinal conditions using the interfacial tensiometer Octopus were compared and related to the performance of the emulsions (using the same emulsifiers) under in vitro digestion. The evolution of interfacial tension (γ) was used to investigate the effect of gastrointestinal fluids on o/w interfacial films. Clear differences were observed among these emulsifiers...
November 10, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129976/using-odd-alkanes-as-a-carbon-source-to-increase-the-content-of-nutritionally-important-fatty-acids-in-candida-krusei-trichosporon-cutaneum-and-yarrowia-lipolytica
#14
Olga Matatkova, Lucia Gharwalova, Michal Zimola, Tomas Rezanka, Jan Masak, Irena Kolouchova
We investigated the possibility of utilizing unusual carbon sources by three yeast strains: Candida krusei DBM 2136, Trichosporon cutaneum CCY 30-5-10, and Yarrowia lipolytica CCY 30-26-36. These strains are characterized by high biomass yield, ability to accumulate high amounts of lipids, and their potential as producers of dietetically important fatty acids. The aim of this work was the production of nutritionally important fatty acids by utilization of n-alkanes with an odd number of carbon atoms, alone and in combination with glucose and subsequent analysis of microbial lipids accumulation and fatty acid profile...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129239/an-iso-%C3%AE-acid-rich-extract-from-hops-humulus-lupulus-attenuates-acute-alcohol-induced-liver-steatosis-in-mice
#15
Marianne Hege, Finn Jung, Cathrin Sellmann, Chengjun Jin, Doreen Ziegenhardt, Claus Hellerbrand, Ina Bergheim
OBJECTIVE: Results of in vitro and in vivo studies suggest that consumption of beer is less harmful for the liver than consumption of spirits. It also has been suggested that secondary plant compounds derived from hops such as xanthohumol or iso-α-acids may have beneficial effects on the development of liver diseases of various etiologies. The aim of this study was to determine whether iso-α-acids consumed in doses achieved by "normal" beer consumption have beneficial effects on health...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128902/overexpression-of-5-lipoxygenase-worsens-the-phenotype-of-a-mouse-model-of-tauopathy
#16
Phillip F Giannopoulos, Domenico Praticò
Brain accumulation of increasing amount of phosphorylated microtubule associated tau protein is one the major hallmark lesions of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related tauopathies. Consistent evidence from clinical and animal studies has shown that neuroinflammation characterizes these diseases. The 5-lipoxygenase (5LO) is an enzyme protein whose metabolic products are lipids with potent inflammatory actions. Previously, we showed that blockade of 5LO activation ameliorates the phenotype of the htau transgenic mice...
November 11, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128059/pathophysiology-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis
#17
REVIEW
Vignan Manne, Priya Handa, Kris V Kowdley
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) encompasses a spectrum of liver disorders ranging from hepatic steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and ultimately may lead to cirrhosis. Hepatic steatosis or fatty liver is defined as increased accumulation of lipids in hepatocytes and results from increased production or reduced clearance of hepatic triglycerides or fatty acids. Fatty liver can progress to NASH in a significant proportion of subjects. NASH is a necroinflammatory liver disease governed by multiple pathways that are not completely elucidated...
February 2018: Clinics in Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127035/the-high-production-volume-fungicide-pyraclostrobin-induces-triglyceride-accumulation-associated-with-mitochondrial-dysfunction-and-promotes-adipocyte-differentiation-independent-of-ppar%C3%AE-activation-in-3t3-l1-cells
#18
Anthony L Luz, Christopher D Kassotis, Heather M Stapleton, Joel N Meyer
Pyraclostrobin is one of the most heavily used fungicides, and has been detected on a variety of produce, suggesting human exposure occurs regularly. Recently, pyraclostrobin exposure has been linked to a variety of toxic effects, including neurodegeneration and triglyceride (TG) accumulation. As pyraclostrobin inhibits electron transport chain complex III, and as mitochondrial dysfunction is associated with metabolic syndrome (cardiovascular disease, type II diabetes, obesity), we designed experiments to test the hypothesis that mitochondrial dysfunction underlies its adipogenic activity...
November 7, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126429/rna-sequencing-analysis-of-lung-primary-fibroblast-response-to-eosinophil-degranulation-products-predicts-downstream-effects-on-inflammation-tissue-remodeling-and-lipid-metabolism
#19
Stephane Esnault, Ksenija Bernau, Elizabeth E Torr, Yury A Bochkov, Nizar N Jarjour, Nathan Sandbo
BACKGROUND: The association of eosinophils with inflammation and tissue remodeling is at least partially due to their release of toxic granule proteins and other mediators, including cytokines. Tissue remodeling and consequent functional defects are affected by activity of connective tissue fibroblasts. Exaggerated fibroblast activation, accumulation and change of phenotype may lead to fibrosis and loss of tissue function. So far, little information has been reported on how eosinophils affect inflammation and tissue remodeling via the activation of fibroblasts...
November 10, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125288/uptake-translocation-and-biotransformation-of-organophosphorus-esters-in-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l
#20
Weining Wan, Honglin Huang, Jitao Lv, Ruixia Han, Shuzhen Zhang
The uptake, translocation and biotransformation of organophosphate esters (OPEs) by wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) were investigated by a hydroponic experiment. The results demonstrated that OPEs with higher hydrophobicity were more easily taken up by roots, and OPEs with lower hydrophobicity were more liable to be translocated acropetally. A total of 43 metabolites including dealkylated, oxidatively dechlorinated, hydroxylated, methoxylated, and glutathione- and glucuronide- conjugated products were detected derived from eight OPEs, with di-esters formed by direct dealkylation from the parent tri-esters as the major products, followed with hydroxylated tri-esters...
November 10, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
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