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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432436/chemokine-involvement-in-lung-injury-secondary-to-ischaemia-reperfusion
#1
Lisa Rancan, Sergio D Paredes, Luis Huerta, Javier Casanova, Jorge Guzmán, Ignacio Garutti, Federico González-Aragoneses, Carlos Simón, Elena Vara
INTRODUCTION: During transplant surgeries, the lung experiences an ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R)-induced damage identified as a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. However, the mechanisms by which I/R induces leucocyte accumulation and subsequent tissue damage in lung surgeries remain unknown. Therefore, the present study aims to assess the role of monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) and macrophage inflammatory protein 2 (MIP-2) in leucocyte chemotaxis related to lung injury secondary to I/R...
April 21, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430370/extremely-low-frequency-electromagnetic-field-elf-emf-reduces-oxidative-stress-and-improves-functional-and-psychological-status-in-ischemic-stroke-patients
#2
Natalia Cichoń, Michał Bijak, Elżbieta Miller, Joanna Saluk
As a result of ischaemia/reperfusion, massive generation of reactive oxygen species occurs, followed by decreased activity of antioxidant enzymes. Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) can modulate oxidative stress, but there are no clinical antioxidant studies in brain stroke patients. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of ELF-EMF on clinical and antioxidant status in post-stroke patients. Fifty-seven patients were divided into two groups: ELF-EMF and non-ELF-EMF. Both groups underwent the same 4-week rehabilitation program...
April 21, 2017: Bioelectromagnetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407128/the-bittersweet-taste-of-tubulo-interstitial-glycans
#3
Ditmer T Talsma, Mohamed R Daha, Jacob van den Born
Recently, interesting work was published by Farrar et al. [1] showing the interaction of fucosylated glycoproteins on stressed tubular epithelial cells with collectin-11 leading to complement activation via the lectin route of complement. This elegant work stimulated us to evaluate the dark side (bittersweet taste) of tubulo-interstitial glycans in kidney tissue damage. As will be discussed, glycans not only initiate tubular complement activation but also orchestrate tubulo-interstitial leucocyte recruitment and growth factor responses...
April 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404768/dj-1-overexpression-restores-ischaemic-post-conditioning-mediated-cardioprotection-in-diabetic-rats-%C3%AF-role-of-autophagy
#4
Bin Zhou, Shaoqing Lei, Rui Xue, Yan Leng, Zhengyuan Xia, Zhong-Yuan Xia
IPO (Ischaemic post-conditioning) is a promising method of alleviating myocardial IR (ischaemia -reperfusion) injury; however, IPO-mediated cardioprotection is lost in diabetic hearts via mechanisms that remain largely unclear. We hypothesized that decreased cardiac expression of DJ-1, a positive modulator of autophagy, compromises the effectiveness of IPO-induced cardioprotection in diabetic rats. Diabetic rats subjected to myocardial IR (30 min of coronary artery occlusion followed by 120 min of reperfusion) exhibited more severe myocardial injury, less cardiac autophagy, lower DJ-1 expression and AMPK (adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase)/mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) pathway activity than non-diabetic rats...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402080/application-of-ischemic-postconditioning-s-algorithms-in-tissues-protection-response-to-methodological-gaps-in-preclinical-and-clinical-studies
#5
Saeid Feyzizadeh, Reza Badalzadeh
Ischaemic postconditioning (IPostC) was introduced for the first time by Zhao et al. as a feasible method for reduction of myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. The cardioprotection by this protocol has been extensively evaluated in various species. Then, further research revealed that IPostC is a safe and convenient approach in limiting IR injury of non-myocardial tissues such as lung, liver, kidney, intestine, skeletal muscle, brain and spinal cord. IPostC has been conducted with different algorithms, resulting in diverse effects...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401647/mg53-anchored-by-dysferlin-to-cell-membrane-reduces-hepatocyte-apoptosis-which-induced-by-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury-in%C3%A2-vivo-and-in%C3%A2-vitro
#6
Weifeng Yao, Haobo Li, Xue Han, Chaojin Chen, Yihan Zhang, Wai Lydia Tai, Zhengyuan Xia, Ziqing Hei
Hepatic ischaemia/reperfusion (HIR) induces severe damage on hepatocyte cell membrane, which leads to hepatocyte death and the subsequent HIR injury. In this study, we investigated the role and the mechanism of mitsugumin-53 (MG53), a novel cell membrane repair protein, in protecting the liver against HIR injury. Rats were subjected to sham operation or 70% warm HIR with or without recombined MG53 (rhMG53), caudal vein-injected 2 hrs before inducing HIR. In vitro, cultured hepatocyte AML12 cells were subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) in the presence of rhMG53 and/or dysferlin gene shRNAs or adenovirus transfection...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394402/dual-hypothermic-oxygenated-machine-perfusion-in-liver-transplants-donated-after-circulatory-death
#7
R van Rijn, N Karimian, A P M Matton, L C Burlage, A C Westerkamp, A P van den Berg, R H J de Kleine, M T de Boer, T Lisman, R J Porte
BACKGROUND: Experimental studies have suggested that end-ischaemic dual hypothermic oxygenated machine perfusion (DHOPE) may restore hepatocellular energy status and reduce reperfusion injury in donation after circulatory death (DCD) liver grafts. The aim of this prospective case-control study was to assess the safety and feasibility of DHOPE in DCD liver transplantation. METHODS: In consecutive DCD liver transplantations, liver grafts were treated with end-ischaemic DHOPE...
April 10, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393660/plasma-low-molecular-weight-thiol-disulphide-homeostasis-as-an-early-indicator-of-global-and-focal-cerebral-ischaemia
#8
Alexander Vladimirovich Ivanov, Valery Vasil'evich Alexandrin, Alexander Alexandrovich Paltsyn, Ksenya Alexandrovna Nikiforova, Edward Danielevich Virus, Boris Petrovich Luzyanin, Marina Yurievna Maksimova, Mikhail Aleksanrovich Piradov, Aslan Amirkhanovich Kubatiev
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have shown that cerebral ischaemia causes not only local, but also systemic oxidative stress. This leads to oxidation of thiol-containing compounds, including low-molecular-weight thiols (cysteine, glutathione, homocysteine and others). Therefore, the aim of this work was to verify the hypothesis that the thiol/disulphide homeostasis of low-molecular-weight thiols is disturbed in the early stages of cerebral ischaemia. METHODS: Two experimental rat models of ischaemia were used: a global model of vascular ischaemia (clamping the common carotid arteries + haemorrhage) and focal ischaemia (middle cerebral artery occlusion)...
April 8, 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393591/presentation-management-and-mortality-after-a-first-mi-in-people-with-and-without-asthma-a-study-using-uk-minap-data
#9
Paulo Pinto, Kieran J Rothnie, Kelvin Lui, Adam Timmis, Liam Smeeth, Jennifer K Quint
Asthma has been associated with a higher incidence of myocardial infarction (MI), higher prevalence of MI risk factors and higher burden of cardiovascular diseases. However, detailed associations between the presentation and initial management at the time of MI and post-MI outcomes in people with asthma compared to the general population have not been studied. A total of 300,161 people were identified with a first MI over the period 2003-2013 in the Myocardial Ischaemia National Audit Project database, of whom 8922 (3%) had asthma...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389600/intravascular-donor-monocytes-play-a-central-role-in-lung-transplant-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury
#10
Kate Colette Tatham, Kieran Patrick O'Dea, Rosalba Romano, Hannah Elizabeth Donaldson, Kenji Wakabayashi, Brijesh Vipin Patel, Louit Thakuria, Andre Rudiger Simon, Padmini Sarathchandra, Nandor Marczin, Masao Takata
RATIONALE: Primary graft dysfunction in lung transplant recipients derives from the initial, largely leukocyte-dependent, ischaemia-reperfusion injury. Intravascular lung-marginated monocytes have been shown to play key roles in experimental acute lung injury, but their contribution to lung ischaemia-reperfusion injury post transplantation is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To define the role of donor intravascular monocytes in lung transplant-related acute lung injury and primary graft dysfunction...
April 7, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382200/modulation-of-the-conformational-state-of-mitochondrial-complex-i-as-a-target-for-therapeutic-intervention
#11
REVIEW
Alexander Galkin, Salvador Moncada
In recent years, there have been significant advances in our understanding of the functions of mitochondrial complex I other than the generation of energy. These include its role in generation of reactive oxygen species, involvement in the hypoxic tissue response and its possible regulation by nitric oxide (NO) metabolites. In this review, we will focus on the hypoxic conformational change of this mitochondrial enzyme, the so-called active/deactive transition. This conformational change is physiological and relevant to the understanding of certain pathological conditions including, in the cardiovascular system, ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) damage...
April 6, 2017: Interface Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379992/a-novel-recombinant-antibody-specific-to-full-length-stromal-derived-factor-1-for-potential-application-in-biomarker-studies
#12
Daniel I Bromage, Stasa Taferner, Mahesh Pillai, Derek M Yellon, Sean M Davidson
BACKGROUND: Stromal derived factor-1α (SDF-1α/CXCL12) is a chemokine that is up-regulated in diseases characterised by tissue hypoxia, including myocardial infarction, ischaemic cardiomyopathy and remote ischaemic conditioning (RIC), a technique of cyclical, non-injurious ischaemia applied remote from the heart that protects the heat from lethal ischaemia-reperfusion injury. Accordingly, there is considerable interest in SDF-1α as a potential biomarker of such conditions. However, SDF-1α is rapidly degraded and inactivated by dipeptidyl peptidase 4 and other peptidases, and the kinetics of intact SDF-1α remain unknown...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374972/ventilation-strategy-has-a-major-influence-on-remote-ischaemic-preconditioning-in-mice
#13
Sean M Davidson, Zhenhe He, Alex Dyson, Daniel I Bromage, Derek M Yellon
Whether oxygen should be administered acutely during ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction is debated. Despite this controversy, the possible influence of supplementary oxygen on animal models of ischaemia-reperfusion injury or cardioprotection is rarely considered. We used an in vivo mouse model of ischaemia and reperfusion to investigate the effect of ventilation with room air versus 100% oxygen. The coronary artery of anaesthetized mice was occluded for 40 min. followed by 2-hrs reperfusion. Infarct size was measured by tetrazolium staining and expressed as a percentage of area at risk, determined using Evan's blue...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374452/the-impact-of-cortisol-in-steatotic-and-non-steatotic-liver-surgery
#14
María Eugenia Cornide-Petronio, Esther Bujaldon, Mariana Mendes-Braz, Cindy G Avalos de León, Mónica B Jiménez-Castro, Ana I Álvarez-Mercado, Jordi Gracia-Sancho, Juan Rodés, Carmen Peralta
The intent of this study was to examine the effects of regulating cortisol levels on damage and regeneration in livers with and without steatosis subjected to partial hepatectomy under ischaemia-reperfusion. Ultimately, we found that lean animals undergoing liver resection displayed no changes in cortisol, whereas cortisol levels in plasma, liver and adipose tissue were elevated in obese animals undergoing such surgery. Such elevations were attributed to enzymatic upregulation, ensuring cortisol production, and downregulation of enzymes controlling cortisol clearance...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370451/honey-improves-spermatogenesis-and-hormone-secretion-in-testicular-ischaemia-reperfusion-induced-injury-in-rats
#15
M Gholami, A Abbaszadeh, Z Khanipour Khayat, K Anbari, P Baharvand, A M Gharravi
This study was conducted to survey the protective effect of pre-treatment with Persian honey during post-ischaemia reperfusion on ischaemia-reperfusion (IR)-induced testis injury. Animals were divided into four groups of IR, honey + ischaemia- reperfusion (HIR), vitamin C + ischaemia- reperfusion (VIR) and carbohydrates + ischaemia- reperfusion (CIR). The testes were examined for spermatogenesis index. Detection of single- and double-stranded DNA breaks at the early stages of apoptosis was performed. Total serum concentration of FSH, LH and testosterone was measured using ELISA...
March 28, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365474/tdag8-activation-attenuates-cerebral-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury-via-akt-signalling-in-rats
#16
X D Ma, L H Hang, D H Shao, W W Shu, X L Hu, H Luo
BACKGROUND: T-cell death-associated gene 8 (TDAG8), a member of the proton-sensitive G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) class with an immune-specific expression profile, was recently shown to be expressed in the rat brain; however, its role in ischaemic stroke remains unknown. METHODS: We initially confirmed the time-dependent expression of TDAG8 in rat brain tissue after ischaemic stroke and reperfusion. Further evaluations were performed to increase TDAG8 expression 6h prior to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) by injecting a specific agonist, BTB09089, into the lateral ventricle to increase TDAG8 expression...
March 30, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364439/immersing-lungs-in-hydrogen-rich-saline-attenuates-lung-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury%C3%A2
#17
Mamoru Takahashi, Toyofumi F Chen-Yoshikawa, Masao Saito, Satona Tanaka, Ei Miyamoto, Keiji Ohata, Takeshi Kondo, Hideki Motoyama, Kyoko Hijiya, Akihiro Aoyama, Hiroshi Date
OBJECTIVES: Anti-oxidant effects of hydrogen have been reported in studies examining ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of immersing lungs in hydrogen-rich saline on lung IRI. METHODS: Lewis rats were divided into three groups: (i) sham, (ii) normal saline and (iii) hydrogen-rich saline. In the first experiment, the left thoracic cavity was filled with either normal saline or hydrogen-rich saline for 1 h. Then, we measured the hydrogen concentration in the left lung using a sensor gas chromatograph ( N = 3 per group)...
March 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356034/the-role-of-redox-dysregulation-in-the-inflammatory-response-to-acute-myocardial-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury-adding-fuel-to-the-fire
#18
Sauri Hernández-Reséndiz, Kroekkiat Chinda, Sang-Bing Ong, Hector Cabrera-Fuentes, Cecilia Zazueta, Derek Hausenloy
The inflammatory response to acute myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) plays a critical role in determining myocardial infarct (MI) size and subsequent post-MI left ventricular (LV) remodeling, making it a potential therapeutic target for treating patients presenting with an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Recent experimental studies using advanced imaging and molecular techniques have yielded new insights into the mechanisms through which reactive oxygen species (ROS) contribute to the inflammatory response during acute myocardial IRI - "adding fuel to the fire"...
March 29, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343262/cavin-1-deficiency-modifies-myocardial-and-coronary-function-stretch-responses-and-ischaemic-tolerance-roles-of-nos-over-activity
#19
Mika Kaakinen, Melissa E Reichelt, Zhibin Ma, Charles Ferguson, Nick Martel, Enzo R Porrello, James E Hudson, Walter G Thomas, Robert G Parton, John P Headrick
Caveolae and associated cavin and caveolins may govern myocardial function, together with responses to mechanical and ischaemic stresses. Abnormalities in these proteins are also implicated in different cardiovascular disorders. However, specific roles of the cavin-1 protein in cardiac and coronary responses to mechanical/metabolic perturbation remain unclear. We characterised cardiovascular impacts of cavin-1 deficiency, comparing myocardial and coronary phenotypes and responses to stretch and ischaemia-reperfusion in hearts from cavin-1 (+/+) and cavin-1 (-/-) mice...
May 2017: Basic Research in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340182/novel-targets-and-future-strategies-for-acute-cardioprotection-position-paper-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-working-group-on-cellular-biology-of-the-heart
#20
Derek J Hausenloy, David Garcia-Dorado, Hans Erik Bøtker, Sean M Davidson, James Downey, Felix B Engel, Robert Jennings, Sandrine Lecour, Jonathan Leor, Rosalinda Madonna, Michel Ovize, Cinzia Perrino, Fabrice Prunier, Rainer Schulz, Joost P G Sluijter, Linda W Van Laake, Jakob Vinten-Johansen, Derek M Yellon, Kirsti Ytrehus, Gerd Heusch, Péter Ferdinandy
Ischaemic heart disease and the heart failure that often results, remain the leading causes of death and disability in Europe and worldwide. As such, in order to prevent heart failure and improve clinical outcomes in patients presenting with an acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery, novel therapies are required to protect the heart against the detrimental effects of acute ischaemia/reperfusion injury. During the last three decades, a wide variety of ischaemic conditioning strategies and pharmacological treatments have been tested in the clinic - however, their translation from experimental to clinical studies for improving patient outcomes has been both challenging and disappointing...
March 17, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
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