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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810931/a-comprehensive-regional-clinical-and-educational-ecpr-protocol-decreases-time-to-ecmo-in-patients-with-refractory-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#1
Brian Grunau, Sarah Carrier, Jamil Bashir, William Dick, Luke Harris, Robert Boone, Dan Kalla, Frank Scheuermeyer, Brian Twaites, Ron Straight, James Abel, Ken McDonald, Ruth MacRedmond, David Agulnik, Joe Finkler, Jeanne MacLeod, Jim Christenson, Anson Cheung
OBJECTIVE: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation within CPR (ECPR) may improve survival for refractory out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). We developed a prehospital, emergency department (ED), and hospital-based clinical and educational protocol to improve the key variable of time-to-ECPR (TTE). METHODS: In a single urban health region we involved key prehospital, clinical, and administrative stakeholders over a 2-year period, to develop a regional ECPR program with destination to a single urban tertiary care hospital...
August 16, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806520/tailoring-the-doping-mechanisms-at-oxide-interfaces-in-nanoscale
#2
Weitao Dai, Ming Yang, Hyungwoo Lee, Jung-Woo Lee, Chang-Beom Eom, Cheng Cen
Here, we demonstrate the nanoscale manipulations of two types of charge transfer to the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interfaces: one from surface adsorbates and another from oxygen vacancies inside LaAlO3 films. This method can be used to produce multiple insulating and metallic interface states with distinct carrier properties that are highly stable in air. By reconfiguring the patterning and comparing interface structures formed from different doping sources, effects of extrinsic and intrinsic material characters on the transport properties can be distinguished...
August 16, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803096/upgrading-of-the-symbiosis-of-nitrosomanas-and-anammox-bacteria-in-a-novel-single-stage-partial-nitritation-anammox-system-nitrogen-removal-potential-and-microbial-characterization
#3
Yuan Liu, Qigui Niu, Shaopo Wang, Jiayuan Ji, Yu Zhang, Min Yang, Toshimasa Hojo, Yu-You Li
A novel single-stage partial nitritation-anammox process equipped with porous functional suspended carriers was developed at 25°C in a CSTR by controlling dissolved oxygen <0.3mg/L. The nitrogen removal performance was almost unchanged over a nitrogen loading rate ranging from 0.5 to 2.5kgNH4(+)-N/m(3)/d with a high nitrogen removal efficiency of 81.1%. The specific activity of AOB and anammox bacteria was of 3.00g-N/g-MLVSS/d (the suspended sludge), 3.56g-N/g-MLVSS/d (the biofilm sludge), respectively...
July 29, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800553/effects-of-different-biofilm-carriers-on-biogas-production-during-anaerobic-digestion-of-corn-straw
#4
Yongdi Liu, Yingdong Zhu, Honghua Jia, Xiaoyu Yong, Lijuan Zhang, Jun Zhou, Zebin Cao, Andrea Kruse, Ping Wei
This study investigated the performance of anaerobic digestion systems using four types of fibrous biofilm carriers, a polypropylene, a polyester, a polyamide, and a polyurethane fiber material. The biogas and methane production, pH, chemical oxygen demand, total solids content, volatile solids content, residual coenzyme F420, and microbial community compositions were determined during the experimental runs. Furthermore, scanning electron microscopy was employed to identify the microbial consortium and examine their attachment onto the surface of the four fibrous biofilm carriers...
July 30, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799746/face-to-face-interfacial-assembly-of-ultrathin-g-c3n4-and-anatase-tio2-nanosheets-for-enhanced-solar-photocatalytic-activity
#5
Wenli Gu, Feixue Lu, Chao Wang, Shigenori Kuga, Li-Zhu Wu, Yong Huang, Min Wu
Face-to-Face interfacial assembly of TiO2-g-C3N4 hybrid (2D TCN-A) is developed by surfactant-assisted hydrothermal treatment forming sandwich structure of anatase TiO2 nanosheets (TiO2-A, 56 monolaygers) and g-C3N4 nanosheets (~3 monolayers). Post air-annealing is found effective for insertion of oxygen to the hybrid, which remedies the oxygen vacancies of TiO2 (B) nanosheets and converts it to anatase nanosheets. The enhanced light adsorption, increased donor density and prolonged life of charge carries are achieved by variation of bandgap and the formation of heterojuction between the two kinds of nanosheets, facilitating separation and transfer of charge carriers...
August 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798487/epitaxial-thin-films-of-pyrochlore-iridate-bi2-xir2-yo7-%C3%AE-structure-defects-and-transport-properties
#6
W C Yang, Y T Xie, W K Zhu, K Park, A P Chen, Y Losovyj, Z Li, H M Liu, M Starr, J A Acosta, C G Tao, N Li, Q X Jia, J J Heremans, S X Zhang
While pyrochlore iridate thin films are theoretically predicted to possess a variety of emergent topological properties, experimental verification of these predictions can be obstructed by the challenge in thin film growth. Here we report on the pulsed laser deposition and characterization of thin films of a representative pyrochlore compound Bi2Ir2O7. The films were epitaxially grown on yttria-stabilized zirconia substrates and have lattice constants that are a few percent larger than that of the bulk single crystals...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796477/controlled-gas-molecules-doping-of-monolayer-mos2-via-atomic-layer-deposited-al2o3-films
#7
Yuanzheng Li, Xinshu Li, Heyu Chen, Jia Shi, Qiuyu Shang, Shuai Zhang, Xiaohui Qiu, Zheng Liu, Qing Zhang, Haiyang Xu, Weizhen Liu, Xinfeng Liu, Yichun Liu
MoS2 as atomically thin semiconductor is highly sensitive to ambient atmosphere (e.g., oxygen, moisture etc.) in optical and electrical properties. Here we report a controlled gas molecules doping of monolayer MoS2 via atomic layer deposited Al2O3 films. The deposited Al2O3 films, in the shape of nanospheres, can effectively control the contact areas between ambient atmosphere and MoS2 that allows precise modulation of gas-molecules doping. By analyzing photoluminescence (PL) emission spectra of MoS2 with different thickness of Al2O3, the doped carrier concentration is estimated at ~2...
August 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796441/facet-engineered-interface-design-of-plasmonic-metal-and-cocatalyst-on-biocl-nanoplates-for-enhanced-visible-photocatalytic-oxygen-evolution
#8
Lijie Bai, Fan Ye, Luna Li, Jingjing Lu, Shuxian Zhong, Song Bai
Integration of plasmonic metal and cocatalyst with semiconductor is a promising approach to simultaneously optimize the generation, transfer, and consumption of photoinduced charge carriers for high-performance photocatalysis. The photocatalytic activities of the designed hybrid structures are greatly determined by the efficiencies of charge transfer across the interfaces between different components. In this paper, interface design of Ag-BiOCl-PdOx hybrid photocatalysts is demonstrated based on the choice of suitable BiOCl facets in depositing plasmonic Ag and PdOx cocatalyst, respectively...
August 10, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794333/development-of-time-course-oxygen-binding-analysis-for-hemoglobin-based-oxygen-carriers
#9
Yukihiro Okamoto, Shigenori Sugisaki, Keishi Suga, Hiroshi Umakoshi
Developing blood substitutes is in urgent demand for chronic blood shortage all over the world. In this connection, the oxygen binding behavior of hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) is one of the most important characteristics. However, present methods available for estimating oxygen binding behavior have need of expensive apparatus, and also are not suitable for high-throughput and the time-course analysis. To overcome these problems, we proposed a simple analysis method for the time-course oxygen binding behavior of HBOCs, which employs a general UV-Vis microplate reader and a common reagent, sodium dithionite, as a reductant for HBOCs and an oxygen scavenger...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792109/interface-engineering-of-perovskite-solar-cells-with-air-plasma-treatment-for-improved-performance
#10
Xiao Ma, Peng Tang, Dong Liu, Lili Wu, Jingquan Zhang, Lianghuan Feng
For high-efficiency perovskite solar cells (PSCs), interface engineering becomes critical for carrier collection from active perovskite material to the transport layer. To enhance power conversion efficiency (PCE), here we demonstrate a novel method named surface plasma treatment on mesoporous TiO2 electron transport layer (ETL) to improve electron extraction and transport properties at the perovskite/TiO2 interface. According to the XPS results, the plasma treatment induced a partial reduction of Ti4+ to Ti3+ within the TiO2 lattice and increased the concentration of oxygen vacancy on the TiO2 surface...
August 9, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783187/new-insights-into-water-photooxidation-on-reductively-pretreated-hematite-photoanodes
#11
Dejan Cibrev, Massimo Tallarida, Chittaranjan Das, Teresa Lana-Villarreal, Dieter Schmeisser, Roberto Gómez
It has been recently demonstrated that the photoactivity toward oxygen evolution of a number of n-type metal oxides can be substantially improved by a reductive electrochemical pretreatment. Such an enhancement has been primarily linked to the formation of low valent metal species that increase electrode conductivity. In this work, we report new insights into the electrochemical doping using highly ordered (110)-oriented hematite nanorods directly grown on FTO. The reductive pretreatment consists in applying negative potentials for a controlled period of time...
August 16, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777961/ultra-sensitive-nh3-sensor-based-on-flower-shaped-sns2-nanostructures-with-sub-ppm-detection-ability
#12
Ya Xiong, Wangwang Xu, Degong Ding, Wenbo Lu, Lei Zhu, Zongye Zhu, Ying Wang, Qingzhong Xue
Layered metal dichalcogenides (LMDs) semiconducting materials have recently attracted tremendous attention as high performance gas sensors due to unique chemical and physical properties of thin layers. Here, three-dimensional SnS2 nanoflower structures assembled with thin nanosheets were synthesized via a facile solvothermal process. When applied to detect 100ppm NH3 at 200°C, the SnS2 based sensor exhibited high response value of 7.4, short response/recovery time of 40.6s/624s. Moreover, the sensor demonstrated a low detection limit of 0...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776175/synthesis-and-identification-of-acedoxypc-a-protectin-containing-structured-phospholipid-using-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#13
Amanda Lo Van, Baptiste Fourmaux, Madeleine Picq, Michel Guichardant, Michel Lagarde, Nathalie Bernoud-Hubac
Fatty acids have many health benefits in a great variety of diseases ranging from cardiovascular to cerebral diseases. For instance, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which is highly enriched in brain phospholipids, plays a major role in anti-inflammatory or neuroprotective pathways. Its effects are thought to be due, in part, to its conversion into derived mediators such as protectins. 1-Lyso,2-docosahexaenoyl-glycerophosphocholine (LysoPtdCho-DHA) is one of the physiological carrier of DHA to the brain. We previously synthesized a structured phosphatidylcholine to mimic 1-lyso,2-docosahexaenoyl-glycerophosphocholine, named AceDoPC(®) (1-acetyl,2-docosahexaenoyl-glycerophosphocholine), that is considered as a stabilized form of the physiological LysoPtdCho-DHA and that is neuroprotective in experimental ischemic stroke...
August 3, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775274/localized-states-and-quantum-effect-of-photo-generated-carriers-in-photovoltaic-system
#14
Wei-Qi Huang, Shi-Rong Liu, Zhong-Mei Huang, Xue-Ke Wu, Chao-Jian Qin
We have fabricated the multiple nanolayers impuritied on silicon pillars for Si solar cells to pick up photons in ultraviolet and infrared region of solar spectra, in which the localized states originated from nanosilicon doped with oxygen are built to avoid Auger recombination, and some interesting quantum phenomena in the localized states have been observed. The quantum effect of photo-generated carriers has been observed in I-V curve measurement on the photovoltaic sample prepared in oxygen by using nanosecond pulsed laser...
August 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774003/investigation-of-electric-field-induced-structural-changes-at-fe-doped-srtio%C3%A2-anode-interfaces-by-second-harmonic-generation
#15
David Ascienzo, Haochen Yuan, Steve Greenbaum, Thorsten J M Bayer, Russell A Maier, Jian-Jun Wang, Clive A Randall, Elizabeth C Dickey, Haibin Zhao, Yuhang Ren
We report on the detection of electric field-induced second harmonic generation (EFISHG) from the anode interfaces of reduced and oxidized Fe-doped SrTiO₃ (Fe:STO) single crystals. For the reduced crystal, we observe steady enhancements of the susceptibility components as the imposed dc-voltage increases. The enhancements are attributed to a field-stabilized electrostriction, leading to Fe:Ti-O bond stretching and bending in Fe:Ti-O₆ octahedra. For the oxidized crystal, no obvious structural changes are observed below 16 kV/cm...
October 31, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773978/roles-of-bulk-and-surface-chemistry-in-the-oxygen-exchange-kinetics-and-related-properties-of-mixed-conducting-perovskite-oxide-electrodes
#16
REVIEW
Nicola H Perry, Tatsumi Ishihara
Mixed conducting perovskite oxides and related structures serving as electrodes for electrochemical oxygen incorporation and evolution in solid oxide fuel and electrolysis cells, respectively, play a significant role in determining the cell efficiency and lifetime. Desired improvements in catalytic activity for rapid surface oxygen exchange, fast bulk transport (electronic and ionic), and thermo-chemo-mechanical stability of oxygen electrodes will require increased understanding of the impact of both bulk and surface chemistry on these properties...
October 21, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772839/practical-cluster-models-for-a-layered-%C3%AE-niooh-material
#17
Valeria Butera, Maytal Caspary Toroker
Due to the high oxygen evolution reaction (OER) activity, stability, and abundance of NiOx materials, they are found to be promising catalysts, competitive with expensive metal oxides such as IrO₂ and RuO₂. From a theoretical point of view, studies reported in the literature so far are mostly based on density functional theory using periodic slab models for the bulk and surface of β-NiOOH, one of the active NiOx phases. However, cluster models are a valid method to investigate many aspects about structure, charge carrier transport properties, and OER activity of β-NiOOH...
April 29, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772501/carrier-compensation-induced-by-thermal-annealing-in-al-doped-zno-films
#18
Takashi Koida, Tetsuya Kaneko, Hajime Shibata
This study investigated carrier compensation induced by thermal annealing in sputtered ZnO:Al (Al₂O₃: 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 wt %) films. The films were post-annealed in a N₂ atmosphere at low (1 × 10(-23) atm) and high (1 × 10(-4) atm) oxygen partial pressures (PO2). In ZnO:Al films with low Al contents (i.e., 0.25 wt %), the carrier density (n) began to decrease at annealing temperatures (Ta) of 600 °C at low PO2. At higher PO2 and/or Al contents, n values began to decrease significantly at lower Ta (ca...
February 8, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772482/photocatalytic-degradation-of-organic-dye-under-uv-a-irradiation-using-tio2-vetiver-multifunctional-nano-particles
#19
Le Thi Song Thao, Trinh Trung Tri Dang, Wilawan Khanitchaidecha, Duangdao Channei, Auppatham Nakaruk
The properties and photocatalytic performance of anatase nanoparticles of pure TiO₂ and a core-shell structure of TiO₂ on calcined vetiver grass leaves have been compared. Samples were fabricated by sol-gel and heating at 450 °C for 5h.The comparison was based on data for X-ray diffraction(XRD), UV-Vis spectrophotometry, photoluminescence, transmission electron microscopy, specific surface area measurement, pore volume assessment, and methylene blue degradation testing. The results showed that the pure TiO2 consisted of agglomerated equiaxed nanoparticles of individual grain sizes in the range 10-20 nm...
January 30, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767112/chemical-doping-driven-crossover-from-graphene-to-ordinary-metal-in-epitaxial-graphene-grown-on-sic
#20
Chiashain Chuang, Yanfei Yang, Sujitra Pookpanratana, Christina A Hacker, Chi-Te Liang, Randolph E Elmquist
Atmospheric chemical doping can be used to modify the electronic properties of graphene. Here we report that the chemical atmospheric doping (derived from air, oxygen and water vapor) of low-carrier-density monolayer epitaxial graphene on SiC can be readily tuned by a simple low-temperature (T ≤ 450 K), in situ vacuum gentle heating method. Interestingly, such an approach allows, for the first time, the observation of a crossover from graphene (μt/μq ≈ 2) to an "ordinary metal" (μt/μq ≈ 1) with decreasing carrier density, where μt and μq are transport mobility and quantum mobility, respectively...
August 2, 2017: Nanoscale
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