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Auto immune thyroid disease

Pedro Gaspar-da-Costa, Filipa Duarte Silva, Júlia Henriques, Sónia do Vale, Sandra Braz, João Meneses Santos, Rui M M Victorino
BACKGROUND: Adverse reactions associated to anti-thyroid drugs include fever, rash, arthralgia, agranulocytosis and hepatitis that are thought to be hypersensitivity reactions. Five cases of pleural effusion associated to thionamides have also been reported, two with propylthiouracil and three with carbimazole. CASE PRESENTATION: We report here a case of a 75-year-old man admitted because of unilateral pleural effusion. The patient had a recent diagnosis of hyperthyroidism and 6 days after starting methimazole complained of pleuritic chest pain...
March 21, 2017: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
Larissa Sena Teixeira Mendes, Andrew Wotherspoon
Large epidemiological studies have shown a consistent increased risk for developing lymphoma in the setting of autoimmune disorders (AID). It is known that this link appears to be stronger for some AID and certain non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes e.g. Sjögren's syndrome and extra-nodal marginal zone lymphoma of the salivary gland, and thyroid MALT lymphoma in a background of Hashimoto's thyroiditis. B and T-cell hyperactivity due to chronic antigenic stimulation and the consequent presence of acquired lymphoid tissue seems to play a key role in the pathogenesis of AI-related lymphomas...
March 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Haematology
Alban Deroux, Chantal Dumestre-Perard, Camille Dunand-Faure, Laurence Bouillet, Pascale Hoffmann
On average, 10 % of infertile couples have unexplained infertility. Auto-immune disease (systemic lupus erythematosus, anti-phospholipid syndrome) accounts for a part of these cases. In the last 20 years, aspecific auto-immunity, defined as positivity of auto-antibodies in blood sample without clinical or biological criteria for defined diseases, has been evoked in a subpopulation of infertile women. A systematic review was performed (PUBMED) using the MESH search terms "infertility" and "auto-immunity" or "reproductive technique" or "assisted reproduction" or "in vitro fertilization" and "auto-immunity...
September 14, 2016: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Christopher C Gillis, Eun Hae Chang, Khalid Al-Kharazi, Tom Pickles
AIM: To describe the first case of a secondary meningioma in a patient after radiation treatment for thyroid eye disease (TED). Secondarily to identify any additional cases of secondary malignancy resulting from radiotherapy for thyroid eye disease from our institutional experience. BACKGROUND: Thyroid eye disease (TED) is a self-limiting auto-immune disorder causing expansion of orbital soft tissue from deposition of glycosaminoglycans and collagen, leading to significant cosmetic and functional morbidity...
May 2016: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
Juliette Eroukhmanoff, Frederic Castinetti, Nicolas Penel, Sebastien Salas
BACKGROUND: While hypothyroidism has frequently been reported with the use of TKIs, the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) suppressing effect of TKIs is rare, except for thyroiditis. We describe a case with progressive recurrent chordoma who initially became hyperthyroid in a context of autoimmunity under sorafenib treatment and later under imatinib treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: A 57-year-old man with lumbar chordoma began daily treatment of 800 mg sorafenib. He did not have any other medication or recent iodinated-contrast exposure and his family history was negative for thyroid and autoimmune disease...
August 24, 2016: BMC Cancer
Ines Donangelo, Ann E Walts, Catherine Bresee, Glenn D Braunstein
BACKGROUND: Whether or not autoimmune thyroid disease influences progression of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) remains controversial. Findings of previous studies are influenced by lead time bias and/or procedure bias selection These biases can be reduced by studying a single-institution patient population that underwent similar extent of surgical resection. METHODS: From a cohort of 660 patients with DTC who underwent thyroidectomy, we retrospectively studied 357 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy and central compartment node dissection (CCND) for DTC between 2003 and 2013...
July 13, 2016: Endocrine Practice
Michael H Dahan, SeangLin Tan
The pituitary gland plays a critical role in reproduction. In response to the hypothalamus the anterior pituitary secretes prolactin, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), Adreno corticotropic hormone (ACTH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and growth hormone. Dysregulation in these hormones often lead to reproductive failure. Multiple mechanisms of pituitary injury exist. Simmond's disease is atrophy or destruction of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland resulting in hypopitiutaryism...
July 13, 2016: Minerva Ginecologica
Christa Nederstigt, Eleonora P M Corssmit, Eelco J P de Koning, Olaf M Dekkers
AIMS: To estimate prevalence and incidence of auto-immune thyroid disease and thyroid auto-antibodies in an unselected cohort of patients with DM1, including stratification by age, gender and duration of diabetes. METHODS: Patients with T1D visiting our outpatient clinic between 1995 and 2011 were included. We calculated the prevalence of AITD at first screening and estimated prevalence and incidence rates during follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 1304 patients were included, 48...
April 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
L Monen, V J Pop, T H Hasaart, H Wijnen, S G Oei, S M Kuppens
BACKGROUND: The increasing number of operative deliveries is a topic of major concern in modern obstetrics. Maternal thyroid function is of known influence on many obstetric parameters. Our objective was to investigate a possible relation between maternal thyroid function, and operative deliveries. Secondary aim was to explore whether thyroid function was related to specific reasons for operative deliveries. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, low-risk Caucasian women, pregnant of a single cephalic fetus were included...
2015: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Sham Sunder, K Venkataramanan, Himanshu Verma, Minakshi Bhardwaj
A middle-aged female patient with a past history of non-alcoholic liver disease and hypothyroidism presented with swelling of the body, off and on, for six months and rapidly worsening renal function. Renal biopsy showed crescentic glomerulonephritis with negative immunofluorescence. Serological tests were positive for anti-thyroglobulin, anti-nuclear antibody (1:80), p-anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies; gamma globulin was 5.23 g/dL and viral markers were negative. The patient was diagnosed to have autoimmune hepatitis type-1 and treated with injection methylprednisolone pulse (500 mg/day for 3 days) and maintained on oral steroids and azathioprine 100 mg...
September 2015: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
A Amin, A Alkemary, M Abdo, M Salama
PURPOSE: Technetium-99m (Tc-99m) thyroid scintigraphy is a well known diagnostic tool that shows the entire gland in a single image. We aimed to evaluate its additive diagnostic value in subclinical autoimmune thyroid disease (S-AITD) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. METHODS: We investigated 100 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients without overt thyroid involvement (eight men and 92 women; mean age 40±6.5 years) and 50 age and sex matched controls...
February 2016: Lupus
Marielle Igala, Daniela Nsame, Jennie Dorothée Guelongo Okouango Ova, Siham Cherkaoui, Bouchra Oukkach, Asmae Quessar
Sickle cell anemia results from a single amino acid substitution in the gene encoding the β-globin subunit. Polymerization of deoxygenated sickle hemoglobin leads to decreased deformability of red blood cells. Hashimoto's thyroiditis is a common thyroid disease now recognized as an auto-immune thyroid disorder, it is usually thought to be haemolytic autoimmune anemia. We report the case of a 32 years old women admitted for chest pain and haemolysis anemia in which Hashimoto's thyroiditis and sickle cell anemia were found...
2015: Pan African Medical Journal
Jan Calissendorff, Emil Mikulski, Erik H Larsen, Marika Möller
BACKGROUND: In Graves' thyrotoxicosis tachycardia, weight loss and mental symptoms are common. Recovery takes time and varies between patients. Treatment with methimazole reduces thyroid hormone levels. According to previous research, this reduction has been faster if selenium (Se) is added. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate whether supplementing the pharmacologic treatment with Se could change the immune mechanisms, hormone levels and/or depression and anxiety...
June 2015: European Thyroid Journal
V Atquet, F Lienart, M Vaes
We describe a woman aged 37  years, affected with Hashimoto's thyroiditis, detected since the age of 17, with gonadic insufficiency with anti-ovarian antibodies since the age of 22  years and Addison's disease since 24  years old. At that moment, the diagnosis of autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome (APS) was made. Concomitant to this diagnosis, thrombocytosis was detected and aetiological assessment revealed an atrophy of the spleen. Differential diagnoses of APS and hyposplenism will be discussed. We will look at a possible association between these two pathologies...
December 2015: Acta Clinica Belgica
Farah Aziz Khan, Noura Al-Jameil, Mohammad Fareed Khan, May Al-Rashid, Hajera Tabassum
Auto immune thyroid disease (AITD) is the common organ specific autoimmune disorder, Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) and Grave's disease (GD) are its well-known sequelae. It occurs due to loss of tolerance to autoantigens thyroid peroxidase (TPO), thyroglobulin (Tg), thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSH-R) which leads to the infiltration of the gland. T cells in chronic autoimmune thyroiditis (cAIT) induce apoptosis in thyroid follicular cells and cause destruction of the gland. Presences of TPO antibodies are common in HT and GD, while Tg has been reported as an independent predictor of thyroid malignancy...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Metin Guclu, Soner Cander, Sinem Kiyici, Ebru Vatansever, Arif Bayram Hacihasanoğlu, Gurcan Kisakol
BACGROUND: To assess the contribution of macroprolactin to high serum prolactin levels and their association with thyroid status and thyroid autoimmunity during pregnancy. METHODS: 138 pregnant women who suspected of having thyroid dysfunction were studied and divided into three groups according to the thyroid status; group 1; euthyroidism (n 40), group 2; hypothyroidism (n 54), and group 3; hyperthyroid (n 44). Polyethylene glycol (PEG) precipitation method was used for detection of macroprolactin...
2015: BMC Endocrine Disorders
R Harrad
Thyroid eye disease is an auto-immune condition characterised by an acute inflammatory phase followed by a fibrotic phase, which sometimes leads to restricted eye movements and diplopia. Medical treatment with systemic steroids with or without orbital radiotherapy and immunosuppression can control the inflammatory response. Strabismus surgery should be carried out only after the inflammation is no longer active and after any decompression surgery. Surgery comprises recession of tight muscles using adjustable sutures so as to maximise the area of binocular single vision...
February 2015: Eye
Marie-Christine Vantyghem, Jérôme Cornillon, Christine Decanter, Frédérique Defrance, Wassila Karrouz, Clara Leroy, Kristell Le Mapihan, Marie-Anne Couturier, Eva De Berranger, Eric Hermet, Natacha Maillard, Ambroise Marcais, Sylvie Francois, Reza Tabrizi, Ibrahim Yakoub-Agha
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is mainly indicated in bone marrow dysfunction related to blood diseases, but also in some rare diseases (adrenoleucodystrophy, mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy or MNGIE...). After decades, this treatment has proven to be efficient at the cost of numerous early and delayed side effects such as infection, graft-versus-host disease, cardiovascular complications and secondary malignancies. These complications are mainly related to the conditioning, which requires a powerful chemotherapy associated to total body irradiation (myelo-ablation) or immunosuppression (non myelo-ablation)...
2014: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Margret Ehlers, Matthias Schott
Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is the most common autoimmune disease in humans frequently leading to hypothyroidism. HT is characterized by a cellular immune response with lymphatic infiltration of the thyroid gland by T and B cells, as well as by a humoral immune response leading to specific antibody production. The synchronous appearance of HT and papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) indicates an immunological link between the two entities. Three different pathomechanisms may be postulated, including preexisting autoimmunity leading to malignancy due to inflammation, immunity towards preexisiting tumor cells leading to specific autoimmunity, and immune tolerance leading to malignancy despite (auto)immunity...
December 2014: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: TEM
F Pasquet, M Pavic, J Ninet, A Hot
Autoimmune diseases may reveal or occur during the course of a neoplasia or its treatment. Autoimmune cytopenia, especially haemolytic anaemia, is common in lymphoproliferative disorders such as chronic lymphoid leukemia. The link between cancer and myositis is well established. Dermatomyositis is associated with an increased relative risk of cancer of 3.4 to 4.4. A combination of detection of antibodies against p155 and TEP-computed tomography may be the best approach to ascertain the presence of occult malignancy in patients with dermatomyositis...
October 2014: La Revue de Médecine Interne
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