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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724346/biosensing-technologies-for-therapeutic-drug-monitoring
#1
Anna Meneghello, Stefano Tartaggia, Maria Domenica Alvau, Federico Polo, Giuseppe Toffoli
Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is the clinical practice of measuring pharmaceutical drug concentrations in patients' biofluids at designated intervals to allow a close and timely control of their dosage. This practice allows for rapid medical intervention in case of toxicity-related issues and/or adjustment of dosage to better fit the therapeutic demand. Currently, TDM is performed in centralized laboratories employing instruments, such as immunoassay analyzers and mass spectrometers that can be run only by trained personnel...
July 20, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708404/graphene-enhanced-brillouin-optomechanical-microresonator-for-ultra-sensitive-gas-detection
#2
Baicheng Yao, Caibin Yu, Yu Wu, Shu-Wei Huang, Han Wu, Yuan Gong, Yuanfu Chen, Yanrong Li, Chee Wei Wong, Xudong Fan, Yunjiang Rao
Chemical sensing is one of the most important applications of nanoscience, whose ultimate aim is to seek higher sensitivity. In recent years, graphene with intriguing quantum properties has spurred dramatic advances ranging from materials science to optoelectronics and mechanics, showing its potential to realize individual molecule solid-state sensors. However, for optical sensing, the single atom thickness of graphene greatly limits the light-graphene interaction, bottlenecking their performances. Here we demonstrate a novel approach based on the forward phase-matched Brillouin optomechanics in a graphene inner-deposited high Q (> 2×106) microfluidic resonator, expanding the 'electron-photon' interaction in conventional graphene optical devices to the 'electron-phonon-photon' process...
July 14, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702598/two-side-chains-three-supramolecules-exploration-of-fluorenone-derivatives-towards-crystal-engineering
#3
Yi Hu, Kai Miao, Li Xu, Bao Zha, Mengying Long, Xinrui Miao, Wenli Deng
Structural diversity obtained through two-dimensional molecular self-assembly induced by the chain length effect has gained immense attention, not only because of its significance in crystal engineering but also for its potential application in nanoscience and nanotechnology. Three kinds of fluorenone derivative, named F-C7C7, F-C14C7, and F-C14C14, were synthesized and used for systematic exploration of their crystalline difference. At first, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray powder diffraction were performed to investigate their differences in morphology and three-dimensional crystal structure...
July 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701142/injecting-nanoparticles-into-immunotherapy
#4
Sarah Webb
Sarah Webb explores nanoscience strategies for activating T cells in the fight against cancer.
July 1, 2017: BioTechniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678277/highly-efficient-hydrogen-evolution-reaction-by-strain-and-phase-engineering-in-composites-of-pt-and-mos2-nano-scrolls
#5
Da Young Hwang, Kyoung Hwan Choi, Jeong Eon Park, Dong Hack Suh
The phase transition through local strain engineering is an exciting avenue for controlling electronic, magnetic properties and catalyst activity of materials but complex phenomenon in nanoscience. Herein, we demonstrate the first combinations of bending strain and 2H/1T phase transition by rolling up MoS2 sheets for improving catalytic activity in relatively inert basal plane surfaces and promoting electron transfer from the less-conducting 2H MoS2 sheets to the electrodes. Furthermore, we generate various MoS2@Pt nanoparticle hybrids nanomaterials and especially MoS2@Pt scrolls containing the coverage of Pt NPs (8...
July 5, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647040/synthesis-of-some-transition-metal-m-25mn-27co-28ni-29cu-30zn-47ag-48cd-sulfide-nanostructures-by-hydrothermal-method
#6
REVIEW
Hamid Emadi, Masoud Salavati-Niasari, Azam Sobhani
The design of nanostructures with favored shape, particle size and structure is one of the most important fields of nanoscience. To reach this target hydrothermal method is one of the most applicable methods which allow us to obtain favored structures by changing some parameters. This review focuses on synthesis of some transition metal sulfides by hydrothermal method because of technological importance of this group of material. The common sulfides of Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ag and Cd are introduced and a mechanism proposed for their synthesis...
June 16, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644498/the-mechanism-of-anomalous-hardening-in-transition-metal-monoborides
#7
Yongcheng Liang, Zhenbang Gao, Ping Qin, Li Gao, Chun Tang
The quest for novel nanomaterials with unusual functionalities continues to be a central challenge to modern nanoscience. Here we report a surprisingly anomalous hardening behavior exhibited by a class of transition-metal monoborides (TMB). Most remarkable is the occurrence of the intrinsic hardness maximum at the valence-electron concentration (VEC) of about 8 electrons per formula unit (e per f.u.); both lower and higher VECs lead to the decrease of hardness, contrasting with the expected positive correlation between hardness and VEC...
July 6, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636480/the-emerging-role-of-pimavanserin-in-the-management-of-parkinson-s-disease-psychosis
#8
Neal Hermanowicz, Gustavo Alva, Fernando Pagan, Alberto J Espay, Amita Patel, Katya Cruz Madrid, Daniel Kremens, Jim Kenney, Sheila Arquette, Gary Tereso, Maria Lopes, Carolyn Farnum
A panel of experts drawn from neurology, psychiatry, geropsychiatry, geriatrics, and pharmacy representatives of 3 health plans convened in New York City on July 30, 2016, with the objective of sharing opinions, ideas, and information regarding the optimal management of Parkinson's disease psychosis (PDP). Three key points emerged from the discussion: (1) Because of the nature of Parkinson's disease and PDP, finding appropriate treatment can prove challenging; (2) emerging therapies may present an opportunity for effective disease management; and (3) moving forward, provider and patient education regarding PDP and available treatment options is essential for well-managed symptoms and better quality of life...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630670/universal-structure-motifs-in-biominerals-a-lesson-from-nature-for-the-efficient-design-of-bioinspired-functional-materials
#9
REVIEW
Joe Harris, Corinna F Böhm, Stephan E Wolf
Biominerals are typically indispensable structures for their host organism in which they serve varying functions, such as mechanical support and protection, mineral storage, detoxification site, or as a sensor or optical guide. In this perspective article, we highlight the occurrence of both structural diversity and uniformity within these biogenic ceramics. For the first time, we demonstrate that the universality-diversity paradigm, which was initially introduced for proteins by Buehler et al. (Cranford & Buehler 2012 Biomateriomics; Cranford et al...
August 6, 2017: Interface Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604010/skewness-analysis-in-variance-spectroscopy-measures-nanoparticle-individualization
#10
Stephen R Sanchez, Sergei M Bachilo, Yara Kadria-Vili, R Bruce Weisman
An important enabling step in nanoparticle studies is the sorting of heterogeneous mixtures to prepare structurally homogeneous samples. It is also necessary to detect and monitor aggregation of the individual nanoparticles. Although variance spectroscopy provides a simple optical method for finding low concentrations of heteroaggregates in samples such as single-walled carbon nanotube dispersions, it cannot detect the homoaggregates that are relevant for well-sorted samples. Here we demonstrate that variance spectral data can be further analyzed to find third moments of intensity distributions (skewness), which reveal the presence of emissive homoaggregates...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595563/strategies-on-technology-transfer-and-patents-commercialization-for-nanotechnology-at-the-spanish-national-research-council
#11
Javier Maira, Javier Etxabe, Pedro A Serena
Nanoscience and nanotechnology made their appearance in the scientific scene at a time when both the economy of Spain and the Spanish Research and Innovation System were experiencing strong growth. This circumstance resulted in a remarkable development of nanoscience and nanotechnology especially in universities and public research institutions such as the Spanish National Research Council (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas - CSIC). However, this development in academia has not been reflected in a similar increment in the transfer of knowledge to the productive sector despite several efforts and initiatives were launched...
June 1, 2017: Recent Patents on Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594385/review-of-sers-substrates-for-chemical-sensing
#12
REVIEW
Pamela A Mosier-Boss
The SERS effect was initially discovered in the 1970s. Early research focused on understanding the phenomenon and increasing enhancement to achieve single molecule detection. From the mid-1980s to early 1990s, research started to move away from obtaining a fundamental understanding of the phenomenon to the exploration of analytical applications. At the same time, significant developments occurred in the field of photonics that led to the advent of inexpensive, robust, compact, field-deployable Raman systems...
June 8, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580105/reversible-solvatomagnetic-switching-in-a-single-ion-magnet-from-an-entatic-state
#13
J Vallejo, E Pardo, M Viciano-Chumillas, I Castro, P Amorós, M Déniz, C Ruiz-Pérez, C Yuste-Vivas, J Krzystek, M Julve, F Lloret, J Cano
A vast impact on molecular nanoscience can be achieved using simple transition metal complexes as dynamic chemical systems to perform specific and selective tasks under the control of an external stimulus that switches "ON" and "OFF" their electronic properties. While the interest in single-ion magnets (SIMs) lies in their potential applications in information storage and quantum computing, the switching of their slow magnetic relaxation associated with host-guest processes is insufficiently explored. Herein, we report a unique example of a mononuclear cobalt(ii) complex in which geometrical constraints are the cause of easy and reversible water coordination and its release...
May 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574648/block-copolymers-templated-approach-to-nanopatterned-metal-organic-framework-films
#14
Meimei Zhou, Yi-Nan Wu, Baozhen Wu, Xianpeng Yin, Ning Gao, Fengting Li, Guangtao Li
The fabrication of patterned metal-organic framework (MOF) films with precisely controlled nanoscale resolution has been a fundamental challenge in nanoscience and nanotechnology. In this study, nanopatterned MOF films were fabricated using a layer-by-layer (LBL) growth method on functional templates (such as a bicontinuous nanoporous membrane or a structure with highly long-range-ordered nanoscopic channels parallel to the underlying substrate) generated by the microphase separation of polystyrene-b-poly(2-vinylpyridine) (PS-b-P2VP) block copolymers...
June 2, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571460/correlative-imaging-across-microscopy-platforms-using-the-fast-and-accurate-relocation-of-microscopic-experimental-regions-farmer-method
#15
Toan Huynh, Matthew K Daddysman, Ying Bao, Alan Selewa, Andrey Kuznetsov, Louis H Philipson, Norbert F Scherer
Imaging specific regions of interest (ROIs) of nanomaterials or biological samples with different imaging modalities (e.g., light and electron microscopy) or at subsequent time points (e.g., before and after off-microscope procedures) requires relocating the ROIs. Unfortunately, relocation is typically difficult and very time consuming to achieve. Previously developed techniques involve the fabrication of arrays of features, the procedures for which are complex, and the added features can interfere with imaging the ROIs...
May 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564631/perspectives-on-dendritic-architectures-and-their-biological-applications-from-core-to-cell
#16
Valikala Viswanath, Kannappan Santhakumar
The challenges of medicine today include the increasing stipulation for sensitive and effective systems that can improve the pathological responses with a simultaneous reduction in accumulation and drug side effects. The demand can be fulfilled through the advancements in nanomedicine that includes nanostructures and nanodevices for diagnosing, treating, and prevention of various diseases. In this respect, the nanoscience provides various novel techniques with carriers such as micelles, dendrimers, particles and vesicles for the transportation of active moieties...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548051/xenon-gas-field-ion-source-from-a-single-atom-tip
#17
Wei-Chiao Lai, Chun-Yueh Lin, Wei-Tse Chang, Po-Chang Li, Tsu-Yi Fu, Chia-Seng Chang, T T Tsong, Ing-Shouh Hwang
Focused ion beam (FIB) systems have become powerful diagnostic and modification tools for nanoscience and nanotechnology. Gas field ion sources (GFISs) built from atomic-size emitters offer the highest brightness among all ion sources and thus can improve the spatial resolution of FIB systems. Here we show that the Ir/W(111) single-atom tip (SAT) can emit high-brightness Xe(+) ion beams with a high current stability. The ion emission current versus extraction voltage was analyzed from 150 K up to 309 K. The optimal emitter temperature for maximum Xe(+) ion emission was ∼150 K and the reduced brightness at the Xe gas pressure of 1 × 10(-4) torr is two to three orders of magnitude higher than that of a Ga liquid metal ion source, and four to five orders of magnitude higher than that of a Xe inductively coupled plasma ion source...
May 26, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540165/nanotechnology-based-strategies-for-treatment-of-ocular-disease
#18
REVIEW
Yuhua Weng, Juan Liu, Shubin Jin, Weisheng Guo, Xingjie Liang, Zhongbo Hu
Ocular diseases include various anterior and posterior segment diseases. Due to the unique anatomy and physiology of the eye, efficient ocular drug delivery is a great challenge to researchers and pharmacologists. Although there are conventional noninvasive and invasive treatments, such as eye drops, injections and implants, the current treatments either suffer from low bioavailability or severe adverse ocular effects. Alternatively, the emerging nanoscience and nanotechnology are playing an important role in the development of novel strategies for ocular disease therapy...
May 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537738/a-peptoid-square-helix-via-synergistic-control-of-backbone-dihedral-angles
#19
Benjamin C Gorske, Emily M Mumford, Charles G Gerrity, Imelda Ko
The continued expansion of the fields of macromolecular chemistry and nanoscience has motivated the development of new secondary structures that can serve as architectural elements of innovative materials, molecular machines, biological probes, and even commercial medicines. Synthetic foldamers are particularly attractive systems for developing such elements because they are specifically designed to facilitate synthetic manipulation and functional diversity. However, relatively few predictive design principles exist that permit both rational and modular control of foldamer secondary structure, while maintaining the capacity for facile diversification of displayed functionality...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532157/cancer-approaches-from-nanoscience-and-technology-approaches
#20
Warren C W Chan, Ali Khademhosseini, Wolfgang Parak, Paul S Weiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: ACS Nano
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