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Neal Hermanowicz, Gustavo Alva, Fernando Pagan, Alberto J Espay, Amita Patel, Katya Cruz Madrid, Daniel Kremens, Jim Kenney, Sheila Arquette, Gary Tereso, Maria Lopes, Carolyn Farnum
A panel of experts drawn from neurology, psychiatry, geropsychiatry, geriatrics, and pharmacy representatives of 3 health plans convened in New York City on July 30, 2016, with the objective of sharing opinions, ideas, and information regarding the optimal management of Parkinson's disease psychosis (PDP). Three key points emerged from the discussion: (1) Because of the nature of Parkinson's disease and PDP, finding appropriate treatment can prove challenging; (2) emerging therapies may present an opportunity for effective disease management; and (3) moving forward, provider and patient education regarding PDP and available treatment options is essential for well-managed symptoms and better quality of life...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Joe Harris, Corinna F Böhm, Stephan E Wolf
Biominerals are typically indispensable structures for their host organism in which they serve varying functions, such as mechanical support and protection, mineral storage, detoxification site, or as a sensor or optical guide. In this perspective article, we highlight the occurrence of both structural diversity and uniformity within these biogenic ceramics. For the first time, we demonstrate that the universality-diversity paradigm, which was initially introduced for proteins by Buehler et al. (Cranford & Buehler 2012 Biomateriomics; Cranford et al...
August 6, 2017: Interface Focus
Stephen R Sanchez, Sergei M Bachilo, Yara Kadria-Vili, R Bruce Weisman
An important enabling step in nanoparticle studies is the sorting of heterogeneous mixtures to prepare structurally homogeneous samples. It is also necessary to detect and monitor aggregation of the individual nanoparticles. Although variance spectroscopy provides a simple optical method for finding low concentrations of heteroaggregates in samples such as single-walled carbon nanotube dispersions, it cannot detect the homoaggregates that are relevant for well-sorted samples. Here we demonstrate that variance spectral data can be further analyzed to find third moments of intensity distributions (skewness), which reveal the presence of emissive homoaggregates...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Javier Maira, Javier Etxabe, Pedro A Serena
Nanoscience and nanotechnology made their appearance in the scientific scene at a time when both the economy of Spain and the Spanish Research and Innovation System were experiencing strong growth. This circumstance resulted in a remarkable development of nanoscience and nanotechnology especially in universities and public research institutions such as the Spanish National Research Council (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas - CSIC). However, this development in academia has not been reflected in a similar increment in the transfer of knowledge to the productive sector despite several efforts and initiatives were launched...
June 1, 2017: Recent Patents on Nanotechnology
Pamela A Mosier-Boss
The SERS effect was initially discovered in the 1970s. Early research focused on understanding the phenomenon and increasing enhancement to achieve single molecule detection. From the mid-1980s to early 1990s, research started to move away from obtaining a fundamental understanding of the phenomenon to the exploration of analytical applications. At the same time, significant developments occurred in the field of photonics that led to the advent of inexpensive, robust, compact, field-deployable Raman systems...
June 8, 2017: Nanomaterials
J Vallejo, E Pardo, M Viciano-Chumillas, I Castro, P Amorós, M Déniz, C Ruiz-Pérez, C Yuste-Vivas, J Krzystek, M Julve, F Lloret, J Cano
A vast impact on molecular nanoscience can be achieved using simple transition metal complexes as dynamic chemical systems to perform specific and selective tasks under the control of an external stimulus that switches "ON" and "OFF" their electronic properties. While the interest in single-ion magnets (SIMs) lies in their potential applications in information storage and quantum computing, the switching of their slow magnetic relaxation associated with host-guest processes is insufficiently explored. Herein, we report a unique example of a mononuclear cobalt(ii) complex in which geometrical constraints are the cause of easy and reversible water coordination and its release...
May 1, 2017: Chemical Science
Meimei Zhou, Yi-Nan Wu, Baozhen Wu, Xianpeng Yin, Ning Gao, Fengting Li, Guangtao Li
The fabrication of patterned metal-organic framework (MOF) films with precisely controlled nanoscale resolution has been a fundamental challenge in nanoscience and nanotechnology. In this study, nanopatterned MOF films were fabricated using a layer-by-layer (LBL) growth method on functional templates (such as a bicontinuous nanoporous membrane or a structure with highly long-range-ordered nanoscopic channels parallel to the underlying substrate) generated by the microphase separation of polystyrene-b-poly(2-vinylpyridine) (PS-b-P2VP) block copolymers...
June 2, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Toan Huynh, Matthew K Daddysman, Ying Bao, Alan Selewa, Andrey Kuznetsov, Louis H Philipson, Norbert F Scherer
Imaging specific regions of interest (ROIs) of nanomaterials or biological samples with different imaging modalities (e.g., light and electron microscopy) or at subsequent time points (e.g., before and after off-microscope procedures) requires relocating the ROIs. Unfortunately, relocation is typically difficult and very time consuming to achieve. Previously developed techniques involve the fabrication of arrays of features, the procedures for which are complex, and the added features can interfere with imaging the ROIs...
May 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
Valikala Viswanath, Kannappan Santhakumar
The challenges of medicine today include the increasing stipulation for sensitive and effective systems that can improve the pathological responses with a simultaneous reduction in accumulation and drug side effects. The demand can be fulfilled through the advancements in nanomedicine that includes nanostructures and nanodevices for diagnosing, treating, and prevention of various diseases. In this respect, the nanoscience provides various novel techniques with carriers such as micelles, dendrimers, particles and vesicles for the transportation of active moieties...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Wei-Chiao Lai, Chun-Yueh Lin, Wei-Tse Chang, Po-Chang Li, Tsu-Yi Fu, Chia-Seng Chang, T T Tsong, Ing-Shouh Hwang
Focused ion beam (FIB) systems have become powerful diagnostic and modification tools for nanoscience and nanotechnology. Gas field ion sources (GFISs) built from atomic-size emitters offer the highest brightness among all ion sources and thus can improve the spatial resolution of FIB systems. Here we show that the Ir/W(111) single-atom tip (SAT) can emit high-brightness Xe(+) ion beams with a high current stability. The ion emission current versus extraction voltage was analyzed from 150 K up to 309 K. The optimal emitter temperature for maximum Xe(+) ion emission was ∼150 K and the reduced brightness at the Xe gas pressure of 1 × 10(-4) torr is two to three orders of magnitude higher than that of a Ga liquid metal ion source, and four to five orders of magnitude higher than that of a Xe inductively coupled plasma ion source...
May 26, 2017: Nanotechnology
Yuhua Weng, Juan Liu, Shubin Jin, Weisheng Guo, Xingjie Liang, Zhongbo Hu
Ocular diseases include various anterior and posterior segment diseases. Due to the unique anatomy and physiology of the eye, efficient ocular drug delivery is a great challenge to researchers and pharmacologists. Although there are conventional noninvasive and invasive treatments, such as eye drops, injections and implants, the current treatments either suffer from low bioavailability or severe adverse ocular effects. Alternatively, the emerging nanoscience and nanotechnology are playing an important role in the development of novel strategies for ocular disease therapy...
May 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica. B
Benjamin C Gorske, Emily M Mumford, Charles G Gerrity, Imelda Ko
The continued expansion of the fields of macromolecular chemistry and nanoscience has motivated the development of new secondary structures that can serve as architectural elements of innovative materials, molecular machines, biological probes, and even commercial medicines. Synthetic foldamers are particularly attractive systems for developing such elements because they are specifically designed to facilitate synthetic manipulation and functional diversity. However, relatively few predictive design principles exist that permit both rational and modular control of foldamer secondary structure, while maintaining the capacity for facile diversification of displayed functionality...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Warren C W Chan, Ali Khademhosseini, Wolfgang Parak, Paul S Weiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: ACS Nano
Yuma Yamada, Takuya Ishikawa, Hideyoshi Harashima
Mitochondria have their own gene expression system that is independent of the nuclear system, and control cellular functions in cooperation with the nucleus. While a number of useful technologies for achieving nuclear transgene expression have been reported, only a few have focused on mitochondria. In this study, we validated the utility of an artificial mitochondrial DNA vector with a virus promoter on mitochondrial transgene expression. We designed and constructed pCMV-mtLuc (CGG) that contains a CMV promotor derived from Cytomegalovirus and an artificial mitochondrial genome with a NanoLuc (Nluc) luciferase gene that records adjustments to the mitochondrial codon system...
May 10, 2017: Biomaterials
Francesco Valle, Marco Brucale, Stefano Chiodini, Eva Bystrenova, Cristiano Albonetti
While the widespread emergence of nanoscience and nanotechnology can be dated back to the early eighties, the last decade has witnessed a true coming of age of this research field, with novel nanomaterials constantly finding their way into marketed products. The performance of nanomaterials being dominated by their nanoscale morphology, their quantitative characterization with respect to a number of properties is often crucial. In this context, those imaging techniques able to resolve nanometer scale details are clearly key players...
September 2017: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
Maniickam Chellappa, Bezawada Thejaswini, Uthirapathy Vijayalakshmi
The objective of this study is to evaluate the biocompatibility of composite powder consisting of silica and titania (SiO2-TiO2) for biomedical applications. The advancement of nanoscience and nanotechnology encourages researchers to actively participate in reinvention of existing materials with improved physical, chemical and biological properties. Hence, a composite/hybrid material has given birth of new materials with intriguing properties. In the present investigation, SiO2-TiO2 composite powder was synthesised by sol-gel method and the prepared nanocomposite was characterised for its phase purity, functional groups, surface topography by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscopy...
February 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
Irene R Márquez, Noelia Fuentes, Carlos M Cruz, Virginia Puente-Muñoz, Lia Sotorrios, M Luisa Marcos, Duane Choquesillo-Lazarte, Blanca Biel, Luis Crovetto, Enrique Gómez-Bengoa, M Teresa González, Ruben Martin, Juan M Cuerva, Araceli G Campaña
Highly distorted polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are predicted to be attractive goals in nanoscience owing to the new properties they can exhibit. We have shown that a variety of functionalized distorted heptagon-containing nanographenes can be easily prepared from simple building blocks by a sequence of Co-catalyzed cyclotrimerization and cyclodehydrogenation reactions. The versatility of this strategy allows easy subsequent enlargement of these nanostructures by Ni-catalyzed cross-coupling and final cyclodehydrogenation reactions...
February 1, 2017: Chemical Science
Warren C W Chan, Ali Khademhosseini, Helmuth Möhwald, Wolfgang J Parak, Jeff F Miller, Aydogan Ozcan, Paul S Weiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: ACS Nano
Sina Elahipanah, Paul J O'Brien, Dmitry Rogozhnikov, Muhammad N Yousaf
The development of methods for conjugating a range of molecules to primary amine functional groups has revolutionized the fields of chemistry, biology, and material science. The primary amine is a key functional group and one of the most important nucleophiles and bases used in all of synthetic chemistry. Therefore, tremendous interest in the synthesis of molecules containing primary amines and strategies to devise chemical reactions to react with primary amines has been at the core of chemical research. In particular, primary amines are a ubiquitous functional group found in biological systems as free amino acids, as key side chain lysines in proteins, and in signaling molecules and metabolites and are also present in many natural product classes...
April 24, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Elias E Elemike, Damian C Onwudiwe, Anthony C Ekennia, Richard C Ehiri, Nnaemeka J Nnaji
Nanoscience and nanotechnology represent new and enabling platforms that promise to provide broad range of novel and improved technologies for environmental, biological and other scientific applications. This study reports the synthesis of silver nanoparticles mediated by aqueous leaf extract of Lippia citriodora at two different temperatures of 50°C and 90°C. The synthesis of colloidal silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) was monitored by the use of UV-visible spectroscopy at different temperatures and time intervals...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
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