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Meng Zhou, Chenjie Zeng, Yuxiang Chen, Shuo Zhao, Matthew Y Sfeir, Manzhou Zhu, Rongchao Jin
The evolution from the metallic (or plasmonic) to molecular state in metal nanoparticles constitutes a central question in nanoscience research because of its importance in revealing the origin of metallic bonding and offering fundamental insights into the birth of surface plasmon resonance. Previous research has not been able to probe the transition due to the unavailability of atomically precise nanoparticles in the 1-3 nm size regime. Herein, we investigate the transition by performing ultrafast spectroscopic studies on atomically precise thiolate-protected Au25, Au38, Au144, Au333, Au∼520 and Au∼940 nanoparticles...
October 24, 2016: Nature Communications
Meizhen Yin, Baozhong Lü, Shusen You, Pengyu Li, Chen Li, Klaus Müllen
Supramolecular self-assembly has attracted increasing attention as a breakthrough methodology in the fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology. In this study, a perylene dianhydride derivative (TP-PDA) self-assembles into well-defined nanospheres through a nucleation-growth process. The mechanisms of this process are explored by spectral ananlysis, dynamic light scattering (DLS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Both in-situ DLS and in-situ SEM reveal that the sizes of aggregated nanospheres increase with time until the formation of equilibrium H-aggregates...
October 20, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Sudath Hapuarachchige, Dmitri Artemov
Click chemistry provides fast, convenient, versatile, and reliable chemical reactions that take place between pairs of functional groups of small molecules that can be purified without chromatographic methods. Due to the fast kinetics and low or no elimination of byproducts, click chemistry is a promising approach that is rapidly gaining acceptance in drug discovery, radiochemistry, bioconjugation, and nanoscience applications. Increasing use of click chemistry in synthetic procedures or as a bioconjugation technique in diagnostic imaging is occurring because click reactions are fast, provide a quantitative yield, and produce a minimal amount of nontoxic byproducts...
October 2016: Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging: TMRI
Vladimir P Zhdanov, Nam-Joon Cho
Interaction of metal or oxide nanoparticles (NPs) with biological soft matter is one of the central phenomena in basic and applied biology-oriented nanoscience. Often, this interaction includes adsorption of suspended proteins on the NP surface, resulting in the formation of the protein corona around NPs. Structurally, the corona contains a "hard" monolayer shell directly contacting a NP and a more distant weakly associated "soft" shell. Chemically, the corona is typically composed of a mixture of distinct proteins...
October 6, 2016: Mathematical Biosciences
Buddolla Viswanath, Sanghyo Kim
Currently, nanotechnology revolutionizing both scientific and industrial community due to their applications in the fields of medicine, environmental protection, energy, and space exploration. Despite of the evident benefits of nanoparticles, there are still open questions about the influence of these nanoparticles on human health and environment. This is one of the critical issues that have to be addressed in the near future, before massive production of nanomaterials. Manufactured nanoparticles, which are finding ever-increasing applications in industry and consumer products fall into the category of emerging contaminants with ecological and toxicological effects on populations, communities and ecosystems...
October 8, 2016: Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Yung-Chen Lin, Ismail Bilgin, Towfiq Ahmed, Renjie Chen, Doug Pete, Swastik Kar, Jian-Xin Zhu, Gautam Gupta, Aditya Mohite, Jinkyoung Yoo
Heterostructuring provides novel opportunities for exploring emergent phenomena and applications by developing designed properties beyond those of homogeneous materials. Advances in nanoscience enable the preparation of heterostructures formed incommensurate materials. Two-dimensional (2D) materials, such as graphene and transition metal dichalcogenides, are of particular interest due to their distinct physical characteristics. Recently, 2D/2D heterostructures have opened up new research areas. However, other heterostructures such as 2D/three-dimensional (3D) materials have not been thoroughly studied yet although the growth of 3D materials on 2D materials creating 2D/3D heterostructures with exceptional carrier transport properties has been reported...
October 6, 2016: Nanoscale
Alberto Garcia, Jose F Rodriguez Matas, Manuela T Raimondi
Recent evidence suggests that mechanical deformation of the cell nucleus regulates the nuclear import of the transcriptional activators of genes involved in primary physiological cell responses such as stem cell differentiation. In addition, this nuclear mechanosensing response is de-regulated in pathological states, such as cancer and neurodegeneration. One hypothesis that could greatly advance the field is that the deformation of the nuclear envelope activates nuclear pore complexes through a direct mechanical link...
October 10, 2016: Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences From Nano to Macro
Cherie R Kagan, Laura E Fernandez, Yury Gogotsi, Paula T Hammond, Mark C Hersam, André E Nel, Reginald M Penner, C Grant Willson, Paul S Weiss
Nanoscience and nanotechnology are poised to contribute to a wide range of fields, from health and medicine to electronics, energy, security, and more. These contributions come both directly in the form of new materials, interfaces, tools, and even properties as well as indirectly by connecting fields together. We celebrate how far we have come, and here, we look at what is to come over the next decade that will leverage the strong and growing base that we have built in nanoscience and nanotechnology.
October 7, 2016: ACS Nano
Mauricio G Mateu
Viruses and their protein capsids can be regarded as biologically evolved nanomachines able to perform multiple, complex biological functions through coordinated mechano-chemical actions during the infectious cycle. The advent of nanoscience and nanotechnology has opened up, in the last 10 years or so, a vast number of novel possibilities to exploit engineered viral capsids as protein-based nanoparticles for multiple biomedical, biotechnological or nanotechnological applications. This chapter attempts to provide a broad, updated overview on the self-assembly and engineering of virus capsids, and on applications of virus-based nanoparticles...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Sergei V Kalinin, Evgheni Strelcov, Alex Belianinov, Suhas Somnath, Rama K Vasudevan, Eric J Lingerfelt, Richard K Archibald, Chaomei Chen, Roger Proksch, Nouamane Laanait, Stephen Jesse
Scanning probe microscopy (SPM) techniques have opened the door to nanoscience and nanotechnology by enabling imaging and manipulation of the structure and functionality of matter at nanometer and atomic scales. Here, we analyze the scientific discovery process in SPM by following the information flow from the tip-surface junction, to knowledge adoption by the wider scientific community. We further discuss the challenges and opportunities offered by merging SPM with advanced data mining, visual analytics, and knowledge discovery technologies...
September 27, 2016: ACS Nano
Xi-Feng Zhang, Zhi-Guo Liu, Wei Shen, Sangiliyandi Gurunathan
Recent advances in nanoscience and nanotechnology radically changed the way we diagnose, treat, and prevent various diseases in all aspects of human life. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are one of the most vital and fascinating nanomaterials among several metallic nanoparticles that are involved in biomedical applications. AgNPs play an important role in nanoscience and nanotechnology, particularly in nanomedicine. Although several noble metals have been used for various purposes, AgNPs have been focused on potential applications in cancer diagnosis and therapy...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Olga D Savvidou, Ioanna K Bolia, George D Chloros, Stavros D Goumenos, Vasileios I Sakellariou, Evanthia C Galanis, Panayiotis J Papagelopoulos
Nanomedicine is based on the fact that biological molecules behave similarly to nanomolecules, which have a size of less than 100 nm, and is now affecting most areas of orthopedics. In orthopedic oncology, most of the in vitro and in vivo studies have used osteosarcoma or Ewing sarcoma cell lineages. In this article, tumor imaging and treatment nanotechnology applications, including nanostructure delivery of chemotherapeutic agents, gene therapy, and the role of nano-selenium-coated implants, are outlined. Finally, the potential role of nanotechnology in addressing the challenges of drug and radiotherapy resistance is discussed...
September 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Angelos Michaelides
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Nature
Pradip Chakraborty, Yu Jin, Charles J Barrows, Scott T Dunham, Daniel R Gamelin
Ion exchange, in which an in-diffusing ion replaces a lattice ion, has been widely exploited as a synthetic tool for semiconductor doping and solid-to-solid chemical transformations, both in bulk and at the nanoscale. Here, we present a systematic investigation of cation-exchange reactions that involve the displacement of Mn(2+) from CdSe nanocrystals by Cd(2+) or In(3+). For both incoming cations, Mn(2+) displacement is spontaneous but thermally activated, following Arrhenius behavior over a broad experimental temperature range...
October 5, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Quan Luo, Chunxi Hou, Yushi Bai, Ruibing Wang, Junqiu Liu
Nature endows life with a wide variety of sophisticated, synergistic, and highly functional protein assemblies. Following Nature's inspiration to assemble protein building blocks into exquisite nanostructures is emerging as a fascinating research field. Dictating protein assembly to obtain highly ordered nanostructures and sophisticated functions not only provides a powerful tool to understand the natural protein assembly process but also offers access to advanced biomaterials. Over the past couple of decades, the field of protein assembly has undergone unexpected and rapid developments, and various innovative strategies have been proposed...
September 2, 2016: Chemical Reviews
Alexander I Rubinstein, Renat F Sabirianov, Fereydoon Namavar
The rapid development of nanoscience and nanotechnology has raised many fundamental questions that significantly impede progress in these fields. In particular, understanding the physicochemical processes at the interface in aqueous solvents requires the development and application of efficient and accurate methods. In the present work we evaluate the electrostatic contribution to the energy of model protein-ceramic complex formation in an aqueous solvent. We apply a non-local (NL) electrostatic approach that accounts for the effects of the short-range structure of the solvent on the electrostatic interactions of the interfacial systems...
October 14, 2016: Nanotechnology
Rongchao Jin, Chenjie Zeng, Meng Zhou, Yuxiang Chen
Colloidal nanoparticles are being intensely pursued in current nanoscience research. Nanochemists are often frustrated by the well-known fact that no two nanoparticles are the same, which precludes the deep understanding of many fundamental properties of colloidal nanoparticles in which the total structures (core plus surface) must be known. Therefore, controlling nanoparticles with atomic precision and solving their total structures have long been major dreams for nanochemists. Recently, these goals are partially fulfilled in the case of gold nanoparticles, at least in the ultrasmall size regime (1-3 nm in diameter, often called nanoclusters)...
September 28, 2016: Chemical Reviews
Anita R Kongor, Viren A Mehta, Krunal M Modi, Manthan K Panchal, Shuvankar A Dey, Urvi S Panchal, Vinod K Jain
Calixarenes are considered as third generation supramolecules with hollow cavity-like architecture whereas nanoparticles are small entities with dimensions in the nanoscale. Many exciting achievements are seen when the calix system merges with nanoparticles which produces many fascinating facets in all fields of contemporary chemistry. The properties of nanoparticles which are tuned by calixarenes find applications in sensing, catalysis, molecular recognition, etc. Here, we have reviewed the chemistry of calix-based nanoparticles, and emphasis is laid on the modified, reducing, templated and stabilizing roles of calixarenes...
June 2016: Top Curr Chem (J)
Dmitry Momotenko, Ashley Page, Maria Adobes-Vidal, Patrick R Unwin
Nanopipettes are becoming extremely versatile and powerful tools in nanoscience for a wide variety of applications from imaging to nanoscale sensing. Herein, the capabilities of nanopipettes to build complex free-standing three-dimensional (3D) nanostructures are demonstrated using a simple double-barrel nanopipette device. Electrochemical control of ionic fluxes enables highly localized delivery of precursor species from one channel and simultaneous (dynamic and responsive) ion conductance probe-to-substrate distance feedback with the other for reliable high-quality patterning...
September 27, 2016: ACS Nano
Vincent M Rotello
The atom-by-atom control provided by synthetic organic chemistry presents a means of generating new functional nanomaterials with great precision. Bringing together these two very disparate skill sets is, however, quite uncommon. This autobiographical review provides some insight into how my program evolved, as well as giving some idea of where we are going.
2016: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
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