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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719506/zika-virus-associated-ocular-and-neurologic-disorders-the-emergence-of-new-evidence
#1
Fatih Şahiner, Ali Korhan Siğ, Ümit Savaşçi, Kemal Tekin, Fahrettin Akay
BACKGROUND: It has been approximately 70 years since the discovery of the Zika virus (ZIKV). It had been established that the virus causes mild infections, and is confined to Africa and Asia; however, major changes in the clinical and epidemiologic patterns of ZIKV infection have occurred in recent years. The virus has attracted intense interest because of the possible association of several autoimmune and neurodevelopmental disorders. METHODS: We present a summary of the articles that attempt to explain the ZIKV unknowns, and strengthen the association with some disorders that are thought to be related to ZIKV, by describing the discovery milestones from the initial identification of the virus to the present day...
July 13, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717604/central-vestibular-syndrome-in-a-red-fox-vulpes-vulpes-with-presumptive-right-caudal-cerebral-artery-ischemic-infarct-and-prevalent-midbrain-involvement
#2
Mario Ricciardi, Floriana Gernone, Antonio De Simone, Pasquale Giannuzzi
A wild young male red fox (Vulpes vulpes) was found in the mountainous hinterland of Rome (Italy) with a heavily depressed mental status and unresponsive to the surrounding environment. Neurological examination revealed depression, left circling, right head tilt, ventromedial positional strabismus and decreased postural reactions on the left side. Neurological abnormalities were suggestive of central vestibular syndrome. Two consecutive MRIs performed with 30 days interval were compatible with lacunar ischemic infarct in the territory of right caudal cerebral artery and its collateral branches...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716325/peripheral-and-sacral-neuromodulation-in-the-treatment-of-neurogenic-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction
#3
REVIEW
Paholo G Barboglio Romo, Priyanka Gupta
Sacral and peripheral neuromodulation are minimally invasive surgical procedures that are third-line therapy options for the treatment of patients with idiopathic overactive bladder syndrome. There has been interest in their efficacy in the management of neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD). Contemporary data suggest promising outcomes for urinary and bowel symptoms in carefully selected patients with spinal cord injury and/or multiple sclerosis. This article reviews the current literature regarding urinary and bowel outcomes in patients with NLUTD and also discusses contemporary studies that suggest that treatment during particular stages of neurologic injury may prevent long-term urinary sequelae...
August 2017: Urologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716286/neurosarcoidosis-according-to-zajicek-and-scolding-criteria-15-probable-and-definite-cases-their-treatment-and-outcomes
#4
Gonçalo Cação, Ana Branco, Mariana Meireles, José Eduardo Alves, Andrea Mateus, Ana Martins Silva, Ernestina Santos
INTRODUCTION: Neurosarcoidosis occurs in about 5% to 15% of patients with sarcoidosis. The purpose of this study was to identify and characterize a cohort of neurosarcoidosis patients and to review the largest previously reported neurosarcoidosis case series. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled all patients with the diagnosis of probable or definitive neurosarcoidosis according to Zajicek and Scolding criteria, followed at the neurology department of a tertiary center in Portugal from January 1989 to December 2015...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713509/mechanical-ventilation-practice-in-egyptian-pediatric-intensive-care-units
#5
Bassant Salah Meligy, Sally Kamal, Seham Awad El Sherbini
INTRODUCTION: Mechanical ventilation is one of the indispensable tools in pediatric intensive care units. Few studies addressed the epidemiology of pediatric patients on mechanical ventilation and the frequently used modes of ventilation. This is the first study to describe the practice of mechanical ventilation (MV) in Egyptian pediatric intensive care units (PICUs). METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted from January 2014 to December 2014 in two pediatric intensive care units at Cairo University Pediatric Hospital...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713390/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-an-infant-with-immunodeficiency-centromeric-instability-and-facial-anomaly-syndrome
#6
Katharina L Gössling, Cyrill Schipp, Ute Fischer, Florian Babor, Gerhard Koch, Friedhelm R Schuster, Jutta Dietzel-Dahmen, Dagmar Wieczorek, Arndt Borkhardt, Roland Meisel, Michaela Kuhlen
Immunodeficiency, centromeric instability, and facial anomaly (ICF) syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive genetic condition with severe immunodeficiency, which leads to lethal infections if not recognized and treated in early childhood. Up-to-date treatment regimens consist of prophylactic and supportive treatment of the recurrent infections. Here, we report the case of a 1-year-old boy of Moroccan consanguineous parents, who was diagnosed at 4 months of age with ICF syndrome with a homozygous missense mutation in the DNMT3B gene...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713084/evalution-of-the-effectiveness-of-multimodal-approach-to-the-management-of-cervical-vertigo
#7
Olexandr A Jaroshevskyi, Oleksandr S Payenok, Anna V Logvinenko
INTRODUCTION: Vertigo is one of the most common complaints among patients consulting neurologists and general practitioners - family medicine. A special form of dizziness is cervical vertigo. However, the presence of chronic vertigo and imbalance in this group of patients makes it possible to include the treatment of vestibular rehabilitation in the program. AIM: Evalution of the effectiveness of multimodal approach to the management of cervical vertigo. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 109 patients aged from 18 to 45 with vertigo together with myofascial pain syndrome of neck and shoulder area were examined...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713035/intracerebral-gene-therapy-in-children-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-iiib-syndrome-an-uncontrolled-phase-1-2-clinical-trial
#8
Marc Tardieu, Michel Zérah, Marie-Lise Gougeon, Jérome Ausseil, Stéphanie de Bournonville, Béatrice Husson, Dimitrios Zafeiriou, Giancarlo Parenti, Philippe Bourget, Béatrice Poirier, Valérie Furlan, Cécile Artaud, Thomas Baugnon, Thomas Roujeau, Ronald G Crystal, Christian Meyer, Kumaran Deiva, Jean-Michel Heard
BACKGROUND: Mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIB syndrome (also known as Sanfilippo type B syndrome) is a lysosomal storage disease resulting in progressive deterioration of cognitive acquisition after age 2-4 years. No treatment is available for the neurological manifestations of the disease. We sought to assess the safety and efficacy of a novel intracerebral gene therapy. METHODS: Local regulatory authorities in France allowed inclusion of up to four children in this phase 1/2 study...
July 13, 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711570/anesthetic-management-of-reversible-cerebral-vasoconstriction-syndrome-a-case-report
#9
Hiroshi Hoshijima, Naoki Itoh, Yoshinori Iwase, Hiroshi Nagasaka
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is a group of disorders characterized by prolonged reversible cerebral vasoconstriction, associated with acute-onset, severe, episodic "thunderclap" headaches with or without other neurologic clinical features. We describe the first reported case, to our knowledge, of a patient with RCVS who was managed under general anesthesia in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery. A 67-year-old woman with a diagnosis of RCVS made 2 months earlier was scheduled to undergo surgical extraction of the mandibular right third molar...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711177/size-of-facial-port-wine-birthmark-may-predict-neurologic-outcome-in-sturge-weber-syndrome
#10
Malgorzata Dymerska, Anna Y Kirkorian, Elizabeth A Offermann, Doris D Lin, Anne M Comi, Bernard A Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the size of the birthmark in patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) who have brain involvement can help predict neurologic disability. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty-one patients with SWS with facial birthmarks and brain involvement documented on magnetic resonance imaging were included in this retrospective chart review. A neuroradiologist, blinded to all clinical information, assigned a previously validated SWS neuroimaging score. A pediatric neurologist prospectively assigned previously validated neurologic severity scores, based on seizures, hemiparesis, visual field cut, and cognitive impairments...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710882/mid-trimester-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-pprom-etiology-diagnosis-classification-international-recommendations-of-treatment-options-and-outcome
#11
REVIEW
Michael Tchirikov, Natalia Schlabritz-Loutsevitch, James Maher, Jörg Buchmann, Yuri Naberezhnev, Andreas S Winarno, Gregor Seliger
Mid-trimester preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), defined as rupture of fetal membranes prior to 28 weeks of gestation, complicates approximately 0.4%-0.7% of all pregnancies. This condition is associated with a very high neonatal mortality rate as well as an increased risk of long- and short-term severe neonatal morbidity. The causes of the mid-trimester PPROM are multifactorial. Altered membrane morphology including marked swelling and disruption of the collagen network which is seen with PPROM can be triggered by bacterial products or/and pro-inflammatory cytokines...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709833/anterior-reduction-and-fusion-for-treatment-of-massive-tear-drop-fracture-of-axis-combining-with-inferior-endplate-serious-traversed-lesion-a-retrospective-study
#12
Tao Jiang, Hong Yin, Xian-Jun Ren, Tong-Wei Chu, Wei-Dong Wang, Chang-Qing Li
BACKGROUND: Tear drop fracture of axis represents a very small percentage of injuries of the cervical spine, but there is controversy about the treatment method for tear drop fracture of axis, especially when a large avulsed fragment is significant displacement, which combined with the inferior endplate serious traversed lesion of axis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical outcome of anterior reduction, graft fusion of C2-3 and plate fixation in the management of massive tear drop fracture of axis combining with inferior endplate serious traversed lesion of axis...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708086/celiac-disease-presenting-with-peripheral-neuropathy-in-children-a-case-report
#13
Alessandra Pacitto, Alessandra Paglino, Lorenza Di Genova, Alberto Leonardi, Edoardo Farinelli, Nicola Principi, Giuseppe di Cara, Susanna Esposito
Background: Clinically relevant neurological manifestations in children with celiac disease (CD) are unusual, especially when they are considered as signs of the onset of the disease. In this paper, a case of Guillain-Barrè syndrome (GBS) as the first manifestation of CD in a 23-month-old child is reported. Case presentation: We describe a case of CD onset with peripheral neuropathy in a 23-month-old Bulgarian boy presenting with a sudden refusal to walk and absence of deep tendon reflexes in both lower limbs...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708040/anterior-lumbar-discectomy-and-fusion-for-acute-cauda-equina-syndrome-caused-by-recurrent-disc-prolapse-report-of-3-cases
#14
Kimberly-Anne Tan, Mathew D Sewell, Yma Markmann, Andrew J Clarke, Oliver M Stokes, Daniel Chan
There is a lack of information and consensus regarding the optimal treatment for recurrent disc herniation previously treated by posterior discectomy, and no reports have described an anterior approach for recurrent disc herniation causing cauda equina syndrome (CES). Revision posterior decompression, irrespective of the presence of CES, has been reported to be associated with significantly higher rates of dural tears, hematomas, and iatrogenic nerve root damage. The authors describe treatment and outcomes in 3 consecutive cases of patients who underwent anterior lumbar discectomy and fusion (ALDF) for CES caused by recurrent disc herniations that had been previously treated with posterior discectomy...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706281/thiamine-metabolism-is-critical-for-regulating-correlated-growth-of-dendrite-arbors-and-neuronal-somata
#15
Huimin Liu, Shaoming Sang, Yuan Lu, Zhongfeng Wang, Xiang Yu, Chunjiu Zhong
Thiamine is critical for cellular function, as its phosphorylated and active form, thiamine diphosphate (TDP), acts as coenzyme for three key enzymes in glucose metabolism. Mutations in thiamine transporter, TDP synthesizing enzyme or carrier, including solute carrier family 19 member 3 (SLC19A3), thiamine pyrophosphokinase (TPK1) and solute carrier family 25 member 19 (SLC25A19), have been associated with developmental neurological disorders, including microcephaly and Leigh syndrome. However, little is known about how thiamine metabolism regulates neuronal morphology at the cellular level...
July 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705845/urodynamic-findings-in-susac-syndrome-first-reported-filling-cystometrogram
#16
Tatenda Calvin Nzenza, Nathan Hoag, Derek Barrry Hennessey, Johan Gani
Susac syndrome is a rare neurological disease, with only 300 cases reported in the literature. Lower urinary symptoms are not an uncommon feature of the disease, yet there is no information on specific dysfunction typical urodynamic findings associated with the disease. We present what we believe to be the first reported filling cystometrogram study of Susac syndrome for the evaluation of voiding dysfunction.
July 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704466/hand-arm-vibration-and-the-risk-of-vascular-and-neurological-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Tohr Nilsson, Jens Wahlström, Lage Burström
BACKGROUND: Increased occurrence of Raynaud's phenomenon, neurosensory injury and carpal tunnel syndrome has been reported for more than 100 years in association with work with vibrating machines. The current risk prediction modelling (ISO-5349) for "Raynaud's phenomenon" is based on a few studies published 70 to 40 years ago. There are no corresponding risk prediction models for neurosensory injury or carpal tunnel syndrome, nor any systematic reviews comprising a statistical synthesis (meta-analysis) of the evidence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702966/possible-role-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-diseases-of-dermatological-interest
#18
C Guarneri, J Lotti, M Fioranelli, M G Roccia, T Lotti, F Guarneri
Helicobacter pylori is a gram-negative, flagellate, microaerophilic bacterium identified for the first time about 30 years ago, as a pathogenic factor of gastritis and peptic ulcer. Soon after, it was linked to several gastrointestinal and extra-gastrointestinal diseases (hematological, cardiovascular, neurological, pulmonary and ocular diseases, obesity, diabetes mellitus, growth retardation and extragastric MALT lymphoma). Association and possible cause-effect correlation with H. pylori infection were suggested in diseases of dermatological interest such as chronic urticaria, rosacea, Henoch-Schoenleins purpura, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, cutaneous and oral lichen planus, atopic dermatitis, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, systemic sclerosis, psoriasis, Sjögrens syndrome, Behçet's disease, pruritus, alopecia areata, primary cutaneous marginal zone B-cell lymphomas, vitiligo, chronic prurigo, multiformis, prurigo nodularis, leukocytoclastic vasculitis, prurigo pigmentosa, eczema nummulare, primary cutaneous MALT-type lymphoma, sublamina densa-type linear IgA bullous dermatosis, Sweet's syndrome, cutaneous T-cell pseudolymphoma and pemphigus vulgaris...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700665/solution-conformations-of-zika-ns2b-ns3pro-and-its-inhibition-by-natural-products-from-edible-plants
#19
Amrita Roy, Liangzhong Lim, Shagun Srivastava, Yimei Lu, Jianxing Song
The recent Zika viral (ZIKV) epidemic has been associated with severe neurological pathologies such as neonatal microcephaly and Guillain-Barre syndrome but unfortunately no vaccine or medication is effectively available yet. Zika NS2B-NS3pro is essential for the proteolysis of the viral polyprotein and thereby viral replication. Thus NS2B-NS3pro represents an attractive target for anti-Zika drug discovery/design. Here, we have characterized the solution conformations and catalytic parameters of both linked and unlinked Zika NS2B-NS3pro complexes and found that the unlinked complex manifested well-dispersed NMR spectra...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700369/pulsed-radiofrequency-in-chronic-pain
#20
Thibaut Vanneste, Astrid Van Lantschoot, Koen Van Boxem, Jan Van Zundert
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The increasing number of publications on pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) treatment of chronic pain reflects the interest for this technique. We summarize the literature for PRF in five indications: radicular pain, trigeminal neuralgia (TN), occipital neuralgia, shoulder and knee pain. RECENT FINDINGS: The efficacy and safety of PRF adjacent to the dorsal root ganglion was documented on cervical and on lumbar level.PRF has been used for the treatment of TN...
July 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
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