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Post Burn Scars

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894384/-reconstruction-of-anal-stenosis-induced-by-scar-contracture-after-repair-of-defect-in-perineal-region-with-paraumbilical-flap-using-random-pattern-flap
#1
Q Liu, X B You, Z Cai, K Y Tang, H Zhang
Objective: To investigate the method and timing of reconstruction of anal stenosis induced by scar contracture after repair of defect in perineal region with paraumbilical flap using random pattern flap. Methods: Ten patients who suffered anal stenosis induced by scar contracture after the first phase repair of defect of perineal region with paraumbilical flap were hospitalized from July 2009 to September 2015. Eight patients were with central type scar contracture of perineal region after healing of burn wound, and two patients were with lesion of perineal region which had been excised...
November 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881936/autologous-fat-transfer-to-the-subcutaneous-tissue-in-the-context-of-breast-reconstructive-procedures
#2
REVIEW
Pawel Szychta, Marek Zadrozny, Jan Rykala, Lukasz Banasiak, Henryk Witmanowski
Autologous fat transfer (AFT) is an appropriate technique for aesthetic rejuvenation of the face, aesthetic enhancement of hands, correction of the facial appearance in various disorders and constitutes a surgical alternative of treatment of numerous breast deformities ranging from distorting posttraumatic scars, post-eczema lesions, post-burn deformities to partial or total breast reconstruction. Our work is aimed to familiarize dermatologists with the technique of harvesting and implanting the aspirate of adipose cells in patients consulted for deformities of the breast...
October 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857656/reverse-flow-anterolateral-thigh-perforator-an-ad-hoc-flap-for-severe-post-burn-knee-contracture
#3
H A Ismail, L E El-Bassiony
We evaluate function outcomes of the reverse-flow ALT perforator flap to reconstruct severe post-burn knee contracture. Between October 2012 and December 2014, 10 patients with severe post-burn knee contracture were subjected to reconstruction with 10 ipsilateral reversed-flow ALT perforator flaps. All the patients were male. Ages ranged from 15 to 47 years (mean = 32 years). Time from burn injury to patient presentation ranged from 2-8 months. All patients demonstrated post-burn flexion contracture of the knee joint, ranging from 35 to 75 degrees...
March 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833285/subcutaneous-pedicle-propeller-flap-an-old-technique-revisited-and-modified
#4
Durga Karki, Nikhil Mehta, Ravi Prakash Narayan
BACKGROUND: Post-burn axillary and elbow scar contracture is a challenging problem to the reconstructive surgeon owing to the wide range of abduction and extension that should be achieved, respectively, while treating either of the joint. The aim of this paper is to highlight the use of subcutaneous pedicle propeller flap for the management of post-burn axillary and elbow contractures. METHODOLOGY: This is a prospective case study of axillary and elbow contractures managed at a tertiary care hospital using propeller flap based on subcutaneous pedicle from 2009 to 2014...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828835/prospective-evaluation-of-fractional-co2-laser-treatment-of-mature-burn-scars
#5
Sigrid Blome-Eberwein, Christina Gogal, Michael J Weiss, Deborah Boorse, Patrick Pagella
The authors conducted a prospective study of fractional CO2 laser treatment of mature burn scars, comparing objective and subjective scar measurements evaluating at least one treatment and one control scar on the same patient pre- and post treatments. After institutional review board approval, burn survivors with mature blatant burn scars were invited to enter the study. A series of three fractional CO2 laser treatments was performed in an office setting, using topical anesthetic cream, at 40 to 90 mJ, 100 to 150 spots per cm...
November 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733225/effect-of-dermabrasion-and-recell-%C3%A2-on-large-superficial-facial-scars-caused-by-burn-trauma-and-acnes-%C3%A2
#6
Pan-Xi Yu, Wen-Qi Diao, Zuo-Liang Qi, Jing-Long Cai
<strong>Objective</strong> To explore the effects of dermabrasion combined with ReCell(®) on large superficial facial scars caused by burn, trauma and acnes.<strong>Methods</strong> Nineteen patients with large superficial facial scars were treated by the same surgeon with dermabrasion combined with ReCell(®). According to the etiology, patients were classified into post-burning group (n=5), post-traumatic group (n=7) and post-acne group (n=7). Fifteen patients completed the follow-ups, 5 patients in each group...
September 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701124/application-of-heparinized-selective-acellular-sheepskin-in-wound-healing-promotion-of-deep-second-degree-burns
#7
Lingfeng Wang, Chunguang Hao, Biao Zhou, Xue Fu, Junliang Li, Zhigang Wang, Zhidong Rong
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the application of selective sheepskin acellular dermal matrix (ADM), combined with the anticoagulant heparin, in the wound-healing treatment of deep second-degree burns (DSDB). METHODS: A DSDB model was established, and the test animals were randomly divided into 4 groups: iodophor gauze (IG), pig ADM (PA), selective sheepskin ADM (SSA), and heparinized selective sheepskin ADM (HSSA).The microcirculation of the wound surface, pathological structures, healing rates, and fibroblast apoptosis rates were observed at different times in each group...
September 29, 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685196/two-year-follow-up-of-outcomes-related-to-scarring-and-distress-in-children-with-severe-burns
#8
Paul Wurzer, Abigail A Forbes, Gabriel Hundeshagen, Clark R Andersen, Kathryn M Epperson, Walter J Meyer, Lars P Kamolz, Ludwik K Branski, Oscar E Suman, David N Herndon, Celeste C Finnerty
PURPOSE: We assessed the perception of scarring and distress by pediatric burn survivors with burns covering more than one-third of total body surface area (TBSA) for up to 2 years post-burn. METHODS: Children with severe burns were admitted to our hospital between 2004 and 2012, and consented to this IRB-approved-study. Subjects completed at least one Scars Problems and/or Distress questionnaire between discharge and 24 months post burn. Outcomes were modeled with generalized estimating equations or using mixed linear models...
August 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606561/construction-of-skin-graft-seams-in-burn-patients-a-prospective-randomized-double-blinded-study
#9
Kathryn Isaac, Nisha Umraw, Robert Cartotto
Prominent scars and contractures may form along the seams between adjacent skin grafts. Seams may be constructed either by approximating the graft edges (AP), or by slightly overlapping the graft edges (OV), but it is not known if one technique creates a less conspicuous seam scar. The purpose of this study was to compare seam scars between seams constructed using the AP and OV techniques. This was a prospective within-patient and within-seam controlled study in adult burn patients treated at an American Burn Association-verified burn center...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600980/antecedent-thermal-injury-worsens-split-thickness-skin-graft-quality-a-clinically-relevant-porcine-model-of-full-thickness-burn-excision-and-grafting
#10
Anders H Carlsson, Lloyd F Rose, John L Fletcher, Jesse C Wu, Kai P Leung, Rodney K Chan
Current standard of care for full-thickness burn is excision followed by autologous split-thickness skin graft placement. Skin grafts are also frequently used to cover surgical wounds not amenable to linear closure. While all grafts have potential to contract, clinical observation suggests that antecedent thermal injury worsens contraction and impairs functional and aesthetic outcomes. This study evaluates the impact of antecedent full-thickness burn on split-thickness skin graft scar outcomes and the potential mediating factors...
September 3, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575671/intensive-swallowing-and-orofacial-contracture-rehabilitation-after-severe-burn-a-pilot-study-and-literature-review
#11
Nicola A Clayton, Elizabeth C Ward, Peter K Maitz
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia following severe burns can be significant and protracted, yet there is little evidence describing the rehabilitation principles, process or outcomes. PURPOSE: Outline current evidence and detail the clinical outcomes of two cases who underwent a multifaceted intensive treatment programme aimed at rehabilitating dysphagia by strengthening swallow function and minimising orofacial contractures after severe head and neck burns. METHODS: Two men (54 and 18 years) with full-thickness head and neck burns and inhalation injury underwent intensive orofacial scar management and dysphagia rehabilitation...
August 26, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574695/short-term-effects-of-vacuum-massage-on-epidermal-and-dermal-thickness-and-density-in-burn-scars-an-experimental-study
#12
Jill Meirte, Peter Moortgat, Mieke Anthonissen, Koen Maertens, Cynthia Lafaire, Lieve De Cuyper, Guy Hubens, Ulrike Van Daele
BACKGROUND: Vacuum massage is a non-invasive mechanical massage technique invented to treat burns and scars. To date, no effects of vacuum massage on thickness and density of human scar tissue have been reported. The process in which external stimuli are converted into biochemical responses in the cell is known as mechanotransduction. In the skin endothelial cells, fibroblasts and myofibroblasts embedded in the extracellular matrix (ECM) sense mechanical stimuli (created by vacuum massage) and may promote intracellular processes leading to matrix remodelling...
2016: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574691/-scarless-world-or-scar-less-world-expedition-on-new-perspectives-on-management-of-post-burn-hypertrophic-scar
#13
Cecilia W P Li-Tsang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559496/microneedling-advances-and-widening-horizons
#14
REVIEW
Aashim Singh, Savita Yadav
Microneedling is a very simple, safe, effective, and minimally invasive therapeutic technique. It was initially introduced for skin rejuvenation, however, now it is being used for a very wide range of indications including acne scar, acne, post-traumatic/burn scar, alopecia, skin rejuvenation, drug delivery, hyperhidrosis, stretch marks, and many more. Moreover, during the last 10 years, many new innovations have been made to the initial instrument, which was used for microneedling. This technique can be combined with other surgical techniques to provide better results...
July 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545659/-burn-child-specificity
#15
M C Plancq, L Goffinet, V Duquennoy-Martinot
Burn is still a frequent accident in children and particularly occurs in young children under 4years. The majority were caused by hot liquids (scalds) with mixed-dermal burns and is commonly treated conservatively with surgery performed at 10-15 days post-injury after healing of superficial burn. Patients with burns greater than 10% need early fluid resuscitation and adequate nutritional support to avoid deepening with infection, improve healing and survival. Hypovolemic shock could be very abrupt in children...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541952/increased-activity-of-trpv3-in-keratinocytes-in-hypertrophic-burn-scars-with-post-burn-pruritus
#16
Hye One Kim, Yong Se Cho, Sook Young Park, In Suk Kwak, Min Gyu Choi, Bo Young Chung, Chun Wook Park, Jun Young Lee
Post burn pruritus is a common distressing sequela of burn wounds. Empirical antipruritic treatment often fails to have a satisfactory outcome, as the mechanism of it has not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the manifestation of transient receptor potential vanilloid 3 (TRPV3), transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) and other related receptors in post burn pruritus. Sixty-five burn patients with (n = 40) or without (n = 25) pruritus were investigated, including skin biopsies...
August 19, 2016: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494371/dermatofibrosarcoma-protuberans-post-basal-cell-carcinoma-excision-a-case-report
#17
Aaron M Mullane, Alexis Ricci, Subhasis Misra, Nail Aydin
INTRODUCTION: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a rare, malignant, soft tissue neoplasm of the dermis. Tumor recurrence is common following resection, and can be locally devastating if not identified in a timely manner. We report a unique case of this rare tumor. This case poses the question of an association between basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and DFSP, and presents the possible need for increased awareness of DFSP for healthcare providers and patients with a history of non-melanoma skin cancers as well as surgical or burn scars...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477081/overexpression-of-mir-29b-reduces-collagen-biosynthesis-by-inhibiting-heat-shock-protein-47-during-skin-wound-healing
#18
Yumin Zhu, Zhongwu Li, Yanling Wang, Lin Li, Dongmiao Wang, Wei Zhang, Laikui Liu, Hongbing Jiang, Jianrong Yang, Jie Cheng
Skin scar formation is characterized by excessive synthesis and aberrant deposition of collagens during wound healing. MicroRNAs are endogenous gene regulators critically involved in diverse biological events including skin scar formation and hold considerable promise as therapeutic targets. However, the detailed molecular mechanisms responsible for collagen production during skin wound repair and scar formation remain incompletely known. Here our data revealed that significant downregulation of miR-29b and upregulation of heat shock protein 47 (HSP47) were observed during wound healing in both excisional and burn wound models and also detected in facial skin scar as compared to adjacent healthy skin...
July 15, 2016: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432172/usability-and-effectiveness-of-suprathel-%C3%A2-in-partial-thickness-burns-in-children
#19
Z M Rashaan, P Krijnen, J H Allema, A F Vloemans, I B Schipper, R S Breederveld
PURPOSE: Evaluation of usability and effectiveness of Suprathel(®) in the treatment of partial thickness burns in children. METHODS: A prospective, observational study to evaluate adherence of Suprathel(®) to the wound bed, reepithelialization time, grafting, wound colonization and infection, pain, dressing changes, length of hospital stay (LOS) and scar formation. RESULTS: Twenty-one children (median age 2.4 years, range 5 months-14 years) with a median total body surface area (TBSA) of 4 % (range 1-18) were included...
July 18, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381251/effectiveness-of-basic-fibroblast-growth-factor-for-pediatric-hand-burns
#20
Kenji Hayashida, Masaki Fujioka, Shin Morooka, Hiroto Saijo, Sadanori Akita
AIM OF THE STUDY: Pediatric hand deep dermal and deep burns may lead to serious hand deformity with functional impairment and result in an esthetically unfavorable outcome. Since there is no guideline regarding the use of growth factors for pediatric hand burns, we sought to investigate the effectiveness of an angiogenic and regenerative growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). METHODS: Consecutive series of second degree or third degree palmer burns at less than 3 years of age seen from January 2010 to June 2014 were included for evaluation at 6 months post-wound healing...
June 29, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
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