Read by QxMD icon Read

Post Burn Scars

Pan-Xi Yu, Wen-Qi Diao, Zuo-Liang Qi, Jing-Long Cai
<strong>Objective</strong> To explore the effects of dermabrasion combined with ReCell(®) on large superficial facial scars caused by burn, trauma and acnes.<strong>Methods</strong> Nineteen patients with large superficial facial scars were treated by the same surgeon with dermabrasion combined with ReCell(®). According to the etiology, patients were classified into post-burning group (n=5), post-traumatic group (n=7) and post-acne group (n=7). Fifteen patients completed the follow-ups, 5 patients in each group...
September 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
Lingfeng Wang, Chunguang Hao, Biao Zhou, Xue Fu, Junliang Li, Zhigang Wang, Zhidong Rong
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the application of selective sheepskin acellular dermal matrix (ADM), combined with the anticoagulant heparin, in the wound-healing treatment of deep second-degree burns (DSDB). METHODS: A DSDB model was established, and the test animals were randomly divided into 4 groups: iodophor gauze (IG), pig ADM (PA), selective sheepskin ADM (SSA), and heparinized selective sheepskin ADM (HSSA).The microcirculation of the wound surface, pathological structures, healing rates, and fibroblast apoptosis rates were observed at different times in each group...
September 29, 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Paul Wurzer, Abigail A Forbes, Gabriel Hundeshagen, Clark R Andersen, Kathryn M Epperson, Walter J Meyer, Lars P Kamolz, Ludwik K Branski, Oscar E Suman, David N Herndon, Celeste C Finnerty
PURPOSE: We assessed the perception of scarring and distress by pediatric burn survivors with burns covering more than one-third of total body surface area (TBSA) for up to 2 years post-burn. METHODS: Children with severe burns were admitted to our hospital between 2004 and 2012, and consented to this IRB-approved-study. Subjects completed at least one Scars Problems and/or Distress questionnaire between discharge and 24 months post burn. Outcomes were modeled with generalized estimating equations or using mixed linear models...
August 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Kathryn Isaac, Nisha Umraw, Robert Cartotto
Prominent scars and contractures may form along the seams between adjacent skin grafts. Seams may be constructed either by approximating the graft edges (AP), or by slightly overlapping the graft edges (OV), but it is not known if one technique creates a less conspicuous seam scar. The purpose of this study was to compare seam scars between seams constructed using the AP and OV techniques. This was a prospective within-patient and within-seam controlled study in adult burn patients treated at an American Burn Association-verified burn center...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Anders H Carlsson, Lloyd F Rose, John L Fletcher, Jesse C Wu, Kai P Leung, Rodney K Chan
Current standard of care for full-thickness burn is excision followed by autologous split-thickness skin graft placement. Skin grafts are also frequently used to cover surgical wounds not amenable to linear closure. While all grafts have potential to contract, clinical observation suggests that antecedent thermal injury worsens contraction and impairs functional and aesthetic outcomes. This study evaluates the impact of antecedent full-thickness burn on split-thickness skin graft scar outcomes and the potential mediating factors...
September 3, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Nicola A Clayton, Elizabeth C Ward, Peter K Maitz
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia following severe burns can be significant and protracted, yet there is little evidence describing the rehabilitation principles, process or outcomes. PURPOSE: Outline current evidence and detail the clinical outcomes of two cases who underwent a multifaceted intensive treatment programme aimed at rehabilitating dysphagia by strengthening swallow function and minimising orofacial contractures after severe head and neck burns. METHODS: Two men (54 and 18 years) with full-thickness head and neck burns and inhalation injury underwent intensive orofacial scar management and dysphagia rehabilitation...
August 26, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Jill Meirte, Peter Moortgat, Mieke Anthonissen, Koen Maertens, Cynthia Lafaire, Lieve De Cuyper, Guy Hubens, Ulrike Van Daele
BACKGROUND: Vacuum massage is a non-invasive mechanical massage technique invented to treat burns and scars. To date, no effects of vacuum massage on thickness and density of human scar tissue have been reported. The process in which external stimuli are converted into biochemical responses in the cell is known as mechanotransduction. In the skin endothelial cells, fibroblasts and myofibroblasts embedded in the extracellular matrix (ECM) sense mechanical stimuli (created by vacuum massage) and may promote intracellular processes leading to matrix remodelling...
2016: Burns and trauma
Cecilia W P Li-Tsang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Burns and trauma
Aashim Singh, Savita Yadav
Microneedling is a very simple, safe, effective, and minimally invasive therapeutic technique. It was initially introduced for skin rejuvenation, however, now it is being used for a very wide range of indications including acne scar, acne, post-traumatic/burn scar, alopecia, skin rejuvenation, drug delivery, hyperhidrosis, stretch marks, and many more. Moreover, during the last 10 years, many new innovations have been made to the initial instrument, which was used for microneedling. This technique can be combined with other surgical techniques to provide better results...
July 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
M C Plancq, L Goffinet, V Duquennoy-Martinot
Burn is still a frequent accident in children and particularly occurs in young children under 4years. The majority were caused by hot liquids (scalds) with mixed-dermal burns and is commonly treated conservatively with surgery performed at 10-15 days post-injury after healing of superficial burn. Patients with burns greater than 10% need early fluid resuscitation and adequate nutritional support to avoid deepening with infection, improve healing and survival. Hypovolemic shock could be very abrupt in children...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Hye One Kim, Yong Se Cho, Sook Young Park, In Suk Kwak, Min Gyu Choi, Bo Young Chung, Chun Wook Park, Jun Young Lee
Post burn pruritus is a common distressing sequela of burn wounds. Empirical antipruritic treatment often fails to have a satisfactory outcome, as the mechanism of it has not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the manifestation of transient receptor potential vanilloid 3 (TRPV3), transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) and other related receptors in post burn pruritus. Sixty-five burn patients with (n = 40) or without (n = 25) pruritus were investigated, including skin biopsies...
August 19, 2016: Wound Repair and Regeneration
Aaron M Mullane, Alexis Ricci, Subhasis Misra, Nail Aydin
INTRODUCTION: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a rare, malignant, soft tissue neoplasm of the dermis. Tumor recurrence is common following resection, and can be locally devastating if not identified in a timely manner. We report a unique case of this rare tumor. This case poses the question of an association between basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and DFSP, and presents the possible need for increased awareness of DFSP for healthcare providers and patients with a history of non-melanoma skin cancers as well as surgical or burn scars...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Yumin Zhu, Zhongwu Li, Yanling Wang, Lin Li, Dongmiao Wang, Wei Zhang, Laikui Liu, Hongbing Jiang, Jianrong Yang, Jie Cheng
Skin scar formation is characterized by excessive synthesis and aberrant deposition of collagens during wound healing. MicroRNAs are endogenous gene regulators critically involved in diverse biological events including skin scar formation and hold considerable promise as therapeutic targets. However, the detailed molecular mechanisms responsible for collagen production during skin wound repair and scar formation remain incompletely known. Here our data revealed that significant downregulation of miR-29b and upregulation of heat shock protein 47 (HSP47) were observed during wound healing in both excisional and burn wound models and also detected in facial skin scar as compared to adjacent healthy skin...
July 15, 2016: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
Z M Rashaan, P Krijnen, J H Allema, A F Vloemans, I B Schipper, R S Breederveld
PURPOSE: Evaluation of usability and effectiveness of Suprathel(®) in the treatment of partial thickness burns in children. METHODS: A prospective, observational study to evaluate adherence of Suprathel(®) to the wound bed, reepithelialization time, grafting, wound colonization and infection, pain, dressing changes, length of hospital stay (LOS) and scar formation. RESULTS: Twenty-one children (median age 2.4 years, range 5 months-14 years) with a median total body surface area (TBSA) of 4 % (range 1-18) were included...
July 18, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Kenji Hayashida, Masaki Fujioka, Shin Morooka, Hiroto Saijo, Sadanori Akita
AIM OF THE STUDY: Pediatric hand deep dermal and deep burns may lead to serious hand deformity with functional impairment and result in an esthetically unfavorable outcome. Since there is no guideline regarding the use of growth factors for pediatric hand burns, we sought to investigate the effectiveness of an angiogenic and regenerative growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). METHODS: Consecutive series of second degree or third degree palmer burns at less than 3 years of age seen from January 2010 to June 2014 were included for evaluation at 6 months post-wound healing...
June 29, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
Young Hee Choi, In Suk Kwak, Soo Ick Cho, Yoon Seok Yang, Cheong Hoon Seo, Chun Wook Park, Hye One Kim, Sook Young Park
The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical and histopathological characteristics of patients with post burn pruritus. The authors took skin samples from 62 burn patients with or without pruritus. The measured skin condition includes thickness and paresthesia. Various clinical features were rated on patient assessment scale (PSAS) and observer scar assessment scale. The samples were stained with hematoxylin & eosin, Masson's trichrome, Verhoeff's elastic, and toluidine blue stain. The stained samples were analyzed in terms of epidermal thickness, mononuclear cell infiltration, collagen bundles, elastic fibers, and mast cell distribution...
June 29, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Seema Menon, Queenie Chan, Monique Bertinetti, John G Harvey, Erik R La Hei, Andrew Ja Holland
We conducted this study to evaluate a novel device to create a consistent and reproducible deep partial thickness burn in a porcine model. A thermostatically controlled, heated aluminium disc device was fashioned by the Biomedical Department of our institution. Contact burns were made on the flank of two Great White pigs by applying the device heated to 92°C at intervals of 5, 10, 15 and 20 seconds to four separate test areas area of skin. Biopsies for histological analysis of burn depth were taken on day 0 at 10 minutes post burn and on day 8...
2016: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
Mahdi Eskandarlou, Mina Azimi, Soghra Rabiee, Mohammad Ali Seif Rabiee
BACKGROUND: Different methods for dressing of donor site of skin graft in burn patients have similarly pain, limitation of mobility of donor site and local complications such as infection and scar. Amniotic membrane has used for improvement of healing in some wounds. Accordingly in this study amnion was used as biologic dressing for donor site of skin graft to evaluate it's efficacy in improvement of pain, move score and the risk of local infection. METHODS: Study was done as clinical trial over 32 admitted patients in burn department of Beasat hospital...
January 2016: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
S V Soumya, S S Daniel, K G Ashish, K Santosh
AIM: To prevent cicatrical scar formation of the oral commissure post commissuroplasty. METHOD: Bilateral commisuroplasty followed by tooth borne static orthosis and then after dynamic orthosis for a period of one year. CONCLUSION: The use of both static and dynamic orthosis in appropriate sequence resulted in good scar outcome.
June 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
U Mirastschijski, J T Sander, U Zier, H O Rennekampff, B Weyand, P M Vogt
Deep burns lead to scarring and contractures for which there is little or no published data on treatment costs. The purpose of this study was to fill this gap by analysing treatment costs for burn sequelae. To do this, German-DRG for in-patient treatment was collected from the Burn Centre Lower Saxony. DRG-related T95.-coding served as a tool for burn-associated sequelae. Data on scar occurrence, plastic-reconstructive surgery and sick leave were collected by a questionnaire. The findings showed that 44.6% patients reported post-burn scarring and 31% needed surgical intervention...
September 30, 2015: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"