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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936458/predictors-of-functional-disability-with-focus-on-activities-of-daily-living-a-community-based-follow-up-study-in-older-adults-in-india
#1
Aarti Nagarkar, Yashoda Kashikar
BACKGROUND: Disability in activities of daily living is a growing concern among older populations all over the world. India has one of the rapidly ageing populations and predicted burden of functional disability is higher for Indian older adults as compared to other ageing Asian countries. METHODS: Total 1140 aged 60 years and over participated in a baseline study. 560 of them participated in the prospective cohort study conducted in the city of Pune, India. An interview and functional assessment using a questionnaire and Pune-FAAT tool was carried out in 2013-14...
December 2, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936449/methotrexate-treated-ectopic-pregnancy-beta-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-serum-changes-as-a-success-predictor-using-a-mathematical-model-validation
#2
Aleksandra Kovaleva, Natalia Irishina, Augusto Pereira, Tatiana Cuesta-Guardiola, Luis Ortiz-Quintana
BACKGROUND: Surgical rescue of methotrexate-treated ectopic pregnancy is necessary when tubal rupture or medical therapy failure is detected during post-therapeutic monitoring. It is known that an increased beta human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) concentration is the most important factor associated with treatment failure. Therefore, we suggested that relative changes in serum β-hCG could predict a successful result of medical treatment, leading to facilitation of the decision to forgo the prospect of possible surgical rescue...
October 27, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936439/symptoms-of-prolonged-grief-post-traumatic-stress-and-depression-after-loss-in-a-dutch-community-sample-a-latent-class-analysis
#3
A A A Manik J Djelantik, Geert E Smid, Rolf J Kleber, Paul A Boelen
Mental health problems following loss can manifest as heterogeneous symptomatology that may include symptoms of Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). However, the co-occurrence of symptoms of these three disorders is still only partially explored. The aims of this study were to identify subgroups (i.e., classes) in a Dutch sample of bereaved individuals, based on severity and/or co-occurrence of symptoms and to identify predictors for these subgroups, taking into account all three disorders...
November 22, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936395/population-based-report-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-born-very-preterm
#4
Giancarlo Natalucci, Hans Ulrich Bucher, Michael Von Rhein, Cristina Borradori Tolsa, Beatrice Latal, Mark Adams
BACKGROUND: As the survival rate of preterm infants constantly improves, knowledge on the impact of prematurity on long-term health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is important for clinical and parental guidance. We aimed to assess HRQoL in a national cohort of young adolescents born very preterm, and to identify predictors for poorer HRQoL. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All surviving Swiss live-born children below 30weeks of gestation during the year 2000 (290 subjects) were contacted at age 12years, together with their parents (262 families)...
December 6, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936372/strategic-self-presentation-or-authentic-communication-predicting-adolescents-alcohol-references-on-social-media
#5
Femke Geusens, Kathleen Beullens
OBJECTIVE: The current study is one of the first to examine how self-reported alcohol consumption, friends' perceived alcohol consumption, and the perceived number of friends sharing alcohol references on social networking sites (SNS) is associated with adolescents' sharing of alcohol references on SNS. METHOD: A cross-sectional paper-and-pencil survey was administered among 3,172 adolescents (n = 3,133 used for analyses, mean age = 17.16 years, SD = 0.93; 50.7% male)...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936363/predictors-of-patterns-of-alcohol-related-blackouts-over-time-in-youth-from-the-collaborative-study-of-the-genetics-of-alcoholism-the-roles-of-genetics-and-cannabis
#6
Marc A Schuckit, Tom L Smith, Alexandra Shafir, Peyton Clausen, George Danko, Priscila Dib Gonçalves, Robert M Anthenelli, Grace Chan, Samuel Kuperman, Michie Hesselbrock, Victor Hesselbrock, John Kramer, Kathleen K Bucholz
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol-related blackouts (ARBs) are anterograde amnesias related to heavy alcohol intake seen in about 50% of drinkers. Although a major determinant of ARBs relates to blood alcohol concentrations, additional contributions come from genetic vulnerabilities and possible impacts of cannabis use disorders (CUDs). We evaluated relationships of genetics and cannabis use to latent class trajectories of ARBs in 829 subjects from the Collaborative Study of the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA)...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936357/does-alcohol-contribute-to-college-men-s-sexual-assault-perpetration-between-and-within-person-effects-over-five-semesters
#7
Maria Testa, Michael J Cleveland
OBJECTIVE: The current longitudinal study was designed to consider the time-varying effects of men's heavy episodic drinking (HED) and drinking setting attendance on college sexual assault perpetration. METHOD: Freshman men (N = 992) were recruited in their first semester and completed online measures at the end of their first five semesters. Using multilevel models, we examined whether men with higher frequency HED (or party or bar attendance) were more likely to perpetrate sexual assault (between-person, Level 2 effect) and whether sexual assault perpetration was more likely in semesters in which HED (or party or bar attendance) was higher than each individual's average (within-person, Level 1 effect)...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936279/the-relationship-between-relative-fundamental-frequency-and-a-kinematic-estimate-of-laryngeal-stiffness-in-healthy-adults
#8
Victoria S McKenna, Elizabeth S Heller Murray, Yu-An S Lien, Cara E Stepp
Purpose: This study examined the relationship between the acoustic measure relative fundamental frequency (RFF) and a kinematic estimate of laryngeal stiffness. Method: Twelve healthy adults (mean age = 22.7 years, SD = 4.4; 10 women, 2 men) produced repetitions of /ifi/ while varying their vocal effort during simultaneous acoustic and video nasendoscopic recordings. RFF was determined from the last 10 voicing cycles before the voiceless obstruent (RFF offset) and the first 10 cycles of revoicing (RFF onset)...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936230/the-circulating-ctrp13-in-type-2-diabetes-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-patients
#9
Mehrnoosh Shanaki, Reza Fadaei, Nariman Moradi, Solaleh Emamgholipour, Hossein Poustchi
Numerous studies have shown that C1q/TNF-related proteins (CTRPs) are involved in the pathophysiology of metabolic disorders, such as Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM). There is a little information concerning CTRP13 in the context of NAFLD and T2DM. We evaluated the plasma levels of CTRP13 in healthy control and patients with NAFLD, T2DM and NAFLD+T2DM, and also correlations between CTRP13 plasma levels and clinical and subclinical features. Circulating CTRP13 was examined in 88 male (20 healthy control, 22 T2DM patients, 22 NAFLD patients and 22 NAFLD+T2DM patients)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936224/change-in-serum-bilirubin-level-as-a-predictor-of-incident-metabolic-syndrome
#10
You-Bin Lee, Seung-Eun Lee, Ji Eun Jun, Jae Hwan Jee, Ji Cheol Bae, Sang-Man Jin, Jae Hyeon Kim
AIM: Serum bilirubin level was negatively associated with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in previous cross-sectional studies. However, bilirubin variance preceding the development of MetS has yet to be investigated. We aimed to determine the effect of change in bilirubin concentration on the risk of incident MetS in healthy Korean adults. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective longitudinal study of subjects who had undergone at least four yearly health check-ups between 2006 and 2012...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936203/early-respiratory-infections-and-dental-caries-in-the-first-27-years-of-life-a-population-based-cohort-study
#11
Aino K Rantala, Ilkka T Mehtonen, Maritta S Jaakkola, Simo Näyhä, Timo T Hugg, Jouni J K Jaakkola
Early-life respiratory tract infections (RTIs) and dental caries are among the most common infectious diseases worldwide. The relations between early RTIs and development of caries in permanent teeth have not been studied earlier. We assessed childhood RTIs as potential predictors of caries in young adulthood in a 20-year prospective population-based cohort study (The Espoo Cohort Study). Information on lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) that had required hospitalization was retrieved from the National Hospital Discharge Registry (n = 1623)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936196/resilience-and-associated-factors-among-mainland-chinese-women-newly-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer
#12
Zijing Wu, Ye Liu, Xuelian Li, Xiaohan Li
PURPOSE: Resilience is the individual's ability to bounce back from trauma. It has been studied for some time in the U.S., but few studies in China have addressed this important construct. In mainland China, relatively little is known about the resilience of patients in clinical settings, especially among patients with breast cancer. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the level of resilience and identify predictors of resilience among mainland Chinese women newly diagnosed with breast cancer...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936194/change-in-18f-fluoromisonidazole-pet-is-an-early-predictor-of-the-prognosis-in-the-patients-with-recurrent-high-grade-glioma-receiving-bevacizumab-treatment
#13
Shigeru Yamaguchi, Kenji Hirata, Takuya Toyonaga, Kentaro Kobayashi, Yukitomo Ishi, Hiroaki Motegi, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Tohru Shiga, Nagara Tamaki, Shunsuke Terasaka, Kiyohiro Houkin
BACKGROUND: Bevacizumab (BEV), a humanized monoclonal antibody, become a currently important chemotherapeutic option for the patients with recurrent glioma. The aim of this retrospective study is to investigate whether 18F-Fluoromisonidazole (FMISO) PET have the potential to detect BEV-resistant gliomas in the early-stage. METHODS: We reviewed the FMISO PET and MRI appearances before and 3 to 4 courses after BEV treatment on 18 recurrent glioma patients. FMISO accumulation was assessed by visual inspection and semi-quantitative values which were tumor-to-normal (T/N) ratio and hypoxic volume...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936187/stroke-as-the-first-manifestation-of-atrial-fibrillation
#14
Jussi Jaakkola, Pirjo Mustonen, Tuomas Kiviniemi, Juha E K Hartikainen, Antti Palomäki, Päivi Hartikainen, Ilpo Nuotio, Antti Ylitalo, K E Juhani Airaksinen
Atrial fibrillation may remain undiagnosed until an ischemic stroke occurs. In this retrospective cohort study we assessed the prevalence of ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack as the first manifestation of atrial fibrillation in 3,623 patients treated for their first ever stroke or transient ischemic attack during 2003-2012. Two groups were formed: patients with a history of atrial fibrillation and patients with new atrial fibrillation diagnosed during hospitalization for stroke or transient ischemic attack...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936129/characteristics-of-differently-located-colorectal-cancers-support-proximal-and-distal-classification-a-population-based-study-of-57-847-patients
#15
Jiao Yang, Xiang Lin Du, Shu Ting Li, Bi Yuan Wang, Yin Ying Wu, Zhe Ling Chen, Meng Lv, Yan Wei Shen, Xin Wang, Dan Feng Dong, Dan Li, Fan Wang, En Xiao Li, Min Yi, Jin Yang
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that colorectal cancer be regarded as several subgroups defined according to tumor location rather than as a single entity. The current study aimed to identify the most useful method for grouping colorectal cancer by tumor location according to both baseline and survival characteristics. METHODS: Cases of pathologically confirmed colorectal adenocarcinoma diagnosed from 2000 to 2012 were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database and categorized into three groups: right colon cancer (RCC), left colon cancer (LCC), and rectal cancer (ReC)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936125/automatic-coronary-artery-calcium-scoring-on-radiotherapy-planning-ct-scans-of-breast-cancer-patients-reproducibility-and-association-with-traditional-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#16
Sofie A M Gernaat, Ivana Išgum, Bob D de Vos, Richard A P Takx, Danny A Young-Afat, Noor Rijnberg, Diederick E Grobbee, Yolanda van der Graaf, Pim A de Jong, Tim Leiner, Desiree H J van den Bongard, Jean-Philippe Pignol, Helena M Verkooijen
OBJECTIVES: Coronary artery calcium (CAC) is a strong and independent predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. This study assesses reproducibility of automatic CAC scoring on radiotherapy planning computed tomography (CT) scans of breast cancer patients, and examines its association with traditional cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: This study included 561 breast cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy between 2013 and 2015. CAC was automatically scored with an algorithm using supervised pattern recognition, expressed as Agatston scores and categorized into five categories (0, 1-10, 11-100, 101-400, >400)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936111/sediment-properties-as-important-predictors-of-carbon-storage-in-zostera-marina-meadows-a-comparison-of-four-european-areas
#17
Martin Dahl, Diana Deyanova, Silvia Gütschow, Maria E Asplund, Liberatus D Lyimo, Ventzislav Karamfilov, Rui Santos, Mats Björk, Martin Gullström
Seagrass ecosystems are important natural carbon sinks but their efficiency varies greatly depending on species composition and environmental conditions. What causes this variation is not fully known and could have important implications for management and protection of the seagrass habitat to continue to act as a natural carbon sink. Here, we assessed sedimentary organic carbon in Zostera marina meadows (and adjacent unvegetated sediment) in four distinct areas of Europe (Gullmar Fjord on the Swedish Skagerrak coast, Askö in the Baltic Sea, Sozopol in the Black Sea and Ria Formosa in southern Portugal) down to ~35 cm depth...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936073/socio-demographic-social-cognitive-health-related-and-physical-environmental-variables-associated-with-context-specific-sitting-time-in-belgian-adolescents-a-one-year-follow-up-study
#18
Cedric Busschaert, Nicola D Ridgers, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Greet Cardon, Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Katrien De Cocker
INTRODUCTION: More knowledge is warranted about multilevel ecological variables associated with context-specific sitting time among adolescents. The present study explored cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of ecological domains of sedentary behaviour, including socio-demographic, social-cognitive, health-related and physical-environmental variables with sitting during TV viewing, computer use, electronic gaming and motorized transport among adolescents. METHODS: For this longitudinal study, a sample of Belgian adolescents completed questionnaires at school on context-specific sitting time and associated ecological variables...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935941/objectives-and-design-of-bleeds-a-cohort-study-to-identify-new-risk-factors-and-predictors-for-major-bleeding-during-treatment-with-vitamin-k-antagonists
#19
Nienke van Rein, Willem M Lijfering, Mettine H A Bos, Martien H Herruer, Helga W Vermaas, Felix J M van der Meer, Pieter H Reitsma
BACKGROUND: Risk scores for patients who are at high risk for major bleeding complications during treatment with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) do not perform that well. BLEEDS was initiated to search for new biomarkers that predict bleeding in these patients. OBJECTIVES: To describe the outline and objectives of BLEEDS and to examine whether the study population is generalizable to other VKA treated populations. METHODS: A cohort was created consisting of all patients starting VKA treatment at three Dutch anticoagulation clinics between January-2012 and July-2014...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935906/cognitive-dysfunctions-in-patients-with-alcohol-dependence-syndrome-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-kathmandu
#20
S Adhikari, M Rana, S Shakya, S P Ojha
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol dependence is a chronic disorder, accompanied by neuropsychological deficits. Patients with alcohol dependence were evaluated to identify the cognitive dysfunctions. METHODS: The study followed descriptive design and recruited participants (N=62) from inpatient services of the Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health by convenient sampling. Participants were evaluated with the Severity of Alcohol Dependence Questionnaire, Frontal Assessment Battery and PGI Memory Scale for the severity of alcohol dependence, executive impairments and memory dysfunctions respectively once they had completed alcohol detoxification...
January 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
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