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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545246/increasing-the-use-of-urban-greenways-in-developing-countries-a-case-study-on-wutong-greenway-in-shenzhen-china
#1
Yiyong Chen, Weiying Gu, Tao Liu, Lei Yuan, Mali Zeng
Given the benefits of urban greenways on the health and well-being of urban populations, the increased use of urban greenways has garnered increasing attention. Studies on urban greenways, however, have been mostly conducted in Western countries, whereas there is limited knowledge on greenway use in urban areas in developing countries. To address this shortcoming, the present study selected Wutong Greenway in Shenzhen, China, as a case study and focused on the use pattern and factors that influence the frequency and duration of urban greenway use in developing countries...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545212/determination-of-phenolic-organohalogens-in-human-serum-from-a-belgian-population-and-assessment-of-parameters-affecting-the-human-contamination
#2
Patrice Dufour, Catherine Pirard, Corinne Charlier
Many in vitro or in vivo studies highlighted the potential deleterious effects of phenolic organohalogenated compounds (POHs) on the health, particularly on the thyroid system homeostasis, however few large scale human epidemiological studies have been carried out, especially in Europe. Further studies monitoring the human contamination by POHs, the sources of exposure and the influence of these compounds on thyroid health are still needed. Therefore we determined the concentrations of 16 POHs (pentachlorophenol (PCP), tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), 4 bromophenols (BPs), 3 hydroxy-polybromodiphenylethers (OH-PBDEs) and 7 hydroxy-polychlorobiphenyls (OH-PCBs)) in serum from 274 people aged from 18 to 76years old living in Liege (Belgium) and the surrounding area...
May 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545207/quality-and-reactivity-of-dissolved-organic-matter-in-a-mediterranean-river-across-hydrological-and-spatial-gradients
#3
Elisabet Ejarque, Anna Freixa, Eusebi Vazquez, Alba Guarch, Stefano Amalfitano, Stefano Fazi, Anna M Romaní, Andrea Butturini
Understanding DOM transport and reactivity in rivers is essential to having a complete picture of the global carbon cycle. In this study, we explore the effects of hydrological variability and downstream transport on dissolved organic matter (DOM) dynamics in a Mediterranean river. We sampled the main stem of the river Tordera from the source to the sea, over a range of fifteen hydrological conditions including extreme events (flood and drought). By exploring spatial and temporal gradients of DOM fluorescence properties, river hydrology was found to be a significant predictor of DOM spatial heterogeneity...
May 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545196/comparison-of-cox-regression-and-parametric-models-application-for-assessment-of-survival-of-pediatric-cases-of-acute-leukemia-in-southern-iran
#4
Saeed Hosseini Teshnizi, Seyyed Mohammad Taghi Ayatollahi
Background: Finding the most appropriate regression model for survival data in cancer casesin order to determine prognosis is an important issue in medical research. Here we compare Cox and parametric regression models regarding survival of children with acute leukemia in southern Iran. Methods: In a retrospective cohort study, information for 197 children with acute leukemia over 6 years was collected through observation and interviews. In order to identify factors affecting their survival, the Cox and parametric (exponential, Weibull, log-logistic, log-normal, Gompertz and generalized gamma) models were fitted to the data...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545195/perceived-risk-of-cervical-cancer-and-barriers-to-screening-among-secondary-school-female-teachers-in-al-hassa-saudi-arabia
#5
Marwa Rashad Salem, Tarek Tawfik Amin, Abdulhamid Abdulrahman Alhulaybi, Abdulaziz Sami Althafar, Rehab Ahmed Abdelhai
Background: No previous studies had addressed the perceived risk of cervical cancer (CC) and its influence on screening practices and perceived barriers in Saudi Arabia. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 506 randomly selected Saudi female secondary school teachers in Al Hassa, Saudi Arabia to assess their level of knowledge about risk factors and signs of CC in relation to perceived risk and to characterize CC screening compliance using a self-administered questionnaire. Results: Of the included female Saudi teachers, 65...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545169/plasma-cystatin-c-is-a-predictor-of-renal-dysfunction-aclf-and-mortality-in-patients-with-acutely-decompensated-liver-cirrhosis
#6
Daniel Markwardt, Lesca Holdt, Christian Steib, Andreas Benesic, Flemming Bendtsen, Mauro Bernardi, Richard Moreau, Daniel Teupser, Julia Wendon, Frederik Nevens, Jonel Trebicka, Elisabet Garcia, Marco Pavesi, Vicente Arroyo, Alexander L Gerbes
BACKGROUND: The development of acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) in patients with liver cirrhosis is associated with high mortality rates. Renal failure is the most significant organ dysfunction that occurs in ACLF. So far there are no biomarkers predicting ACLF. AIM: To investigate whether Cystatin C (CysC) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) can predict development of renal dysfunction (RD), hepatorenal syndrome (HRS), ACLF and mortality, respectively...
May 25, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545166/childhood-predictors-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
O Ajala, F Mold, C Boughton, D Cooke, M Whyte
Childhood obesity predicts the risk of adult adiposity, which is associated with the earlier onset of cardiovascular disease [adult atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, ACVD: hypertension, increased carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) stroke, ischemic heart disease (IHD)] and dysglycaemia. Because it is not known whether childhood obesity contributes to these diseases, we conducted a systematic review of studies that examine the ability of measures of obesity in childhood to predict dysglycaemia and ACVD...
May 25, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545136/assessment-of-the-quantiferon-tb-gold-in-tube-test-for-the-detection-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection-in-united-states-navy-recruits
#8
Jason M Lempp, Margan J Zajdowicz, Arlene L Hankinson, Sean R Toney, Lisa W Keep, James D Mancuso, Gerald H Mazurek
BACKGROUND: Immunologic tests such as the tuberculin skin test (TST) and QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube test (QFT-GIT) are designed to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, both latent M. tuberculosis infection (LTBI) and infection manifesting as active tuberculosis disease (TB). These tests need high specificity to minimize unnecessary treatment and high sensitivity to allow maximum detection and prevention of TB. METHODS: Estimate QFT-GIT specificity, compare QFT-GIT and TST results, and assess factor associations with test discordance among U...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545129/direct-and-indirect-costs-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-mali-a-case-control-study
#9
Clara Bermudez-Tamayo, Stéphane Besançon, Mira Johri, Sidibe Assa, Jonathan Betz Brown, Kaushik Ramaiya
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most burdensome chronic diseases and is associated with shorter lifetime, diminished quality of life and economic burdens on the patient and society as a result of healthcare, medication, and reduced labor market participation. We aimed to estimate the direct (medical and non-medical) and indirect costs of DM and compare them with those of people without DM (ND), as well as the cost predictors. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Observational retrospective case-control study performed in Mali...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545107/predictive-factors-of-right-paraesophageal-lymph-node-metastasis-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-single-center-experience-and-meta-analysis
#10
Young Min Park, Sang Min Lee, Dong Won Kim, Sung-Chan Shin, Byung-Joo Lee
BACKGROUND: We performed this retrospective study to identify predictors of right paraesophageal lymph node metastasis, and reviewed previous studies related to this topic. METHODS: Between June 2005 and March 2015, 1107 patients were diagnosed with papillary thyroid carcinoma and underwent surgery at Pusan National University Hospital. RESULTS: Right paraesophageal lymph node metastasis was observed in 171 (15.4%) patients. Multivariate analyses showed that the risk of right paraesophageal metastasis was significantly associated with tumor size, location, a higher number of metastatic central lymph nodes, and lateral lymph node metastasis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545098/survival-and-prognostic-factors-for-patients-with-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-after-stereotactic-ablative-radiotherapy
#11
Cheng-Hsiang Lo, Jen-Fu Yang, Ming-Yueh Liu, Yee-Min Jen, Chun-Shu Lin, Hsing-Lung Chao, Wen-Yen Huang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the survival outcomes and prognostic factors of patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who underwent stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR). METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated patients with advanced HCC who underwent SABR between December 2007 and July 2015. All patients had Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage C disease and Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) class A-B function. In-field control (IFC), overall survival (OS), prognostic factors, and toxicity were evaluated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545097/an-integrated-risk-predictor-for-pulmonary-nodules
#12
Paul Kearney, Stephen W Hunsucker, Xiao-Jun Li, Alex Porter, Steven Springmeyer, Peter Mazzone
It is estimated that over 1.5 million lung nodules are detected annually in the United States. Most of these are benign but frequently undergo invasive and costly procedures to rule out malignancy. A risk predictor that can accurately differentiate benign and malignant lung nodules could be used to more efficiently route benign lung nodules to non-invasive observation by CT surveillance and route malignant lung nodules to invasive procedures. The majority of risk predictors developed to date are based exclusively on clinical risk factors, imaging technology or molecular markers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545057/characteristics-and-predictors-of-oral-cancer-knowledge-in-a-predominantly-african-american-community
#13
Nosayaba Osazuwa-Peters, Eric Adjei Boakye, Adnan S Hussaini, Nanthiya Sujijantarat, Rajan N Ganesh, Matthew Snider, Devin Thompson, Mark A Varvares
PURPOSE: To characterize smoking and alcohol use, and to describe predictors of oral cancer knowledge among a predominantly African-American population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between September, 2013 among drag racers and fans in East St. Louis. Oral cancer knowledge was derived from combining questionnaire items to form knowledge score. Covariates examined included age, sex, race, marital status, education status, income level, insurance status, tobacco and alcohol use...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545026/identification-of-novel-long-non-coding-rna-biomarkers-for-prognosis-prediction-of-papillary-thyroid-cancer
#14
Qiuying Li, Haihong Li, Lu Zhang, Chunming Zhang, Wentao Yan, Chao Wang
Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most frequent type of malignant thyroid tumor. Several lncRNA signatures have been established for prognosis prediction in some cancers. However, the prognostic value of lncRNAs has not been investigated in PTC yet. In this study, we performed genome-wide analysis of lncRNA expression profiles in a large cohort of PTC patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas and identified 111 differentially expressed lncRNAs between tumor and non-tumor samples and between recurrent and recurrence-free samples...
May 2, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544866/on-the-use-of-broadened-admission-criteria-in-higher-education
#15
A Susan M Niessen, Rob R Meijer
There is an increasing interest in the use of broadened criteria for admission to higher education, often assessed through noncognitive instruments. We argue that there are several reasons why, despite some significant progress, the use of noncognitive predictors to select students is problematic in high-stakes educational selection and why the incremental validity will often be modest, even when studied in low-stakes contexts. Furthermore, we comment on the use of broadened admission criteria in relation to reducing adverse impact of testing on some groups, and we extend the literature by discussing an approach based on behavioral sampling, which showed promising results in Europe...
May 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544855/descriptive-study-of-relationship-between-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-and-biomarkers-in-vascular-related-diseases
#16
Jinbo Liu, Huan Liu, Hongwei Zhao, Guangyun Shang, Yingyan Zhou, Lihong Li, Hongyu Wang
BACKGROUND: Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) was supposed to be an independent predictor for vascular-related events. Biomarkers such as homocysteine (Hcy), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and urine albumin(microalbumin) (UAE) have involved the pathophysiological development of arteriosclerosis. The present study was to investigate relationship between CAVI and biomarkers in vascular-related diseases. METHODS: A total of 656 subjects (M/F 272/384) from department of Vascular Medicine were enrolled into our study...
May 25, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544821/predictive-model-for-high-frequency-microsatellite-instability-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-over-50%C3%A2-years-of-age
#17
Kenji Fujiyoshi, Tatsuro Yamaguchi, Miho Kakuta, Akemi Takahashi, Yoshiko Arai, Mina Yamada, Gou Yamamoto, Sachiko Ohde, Misato Takao, Shin-Ichiro Horiguchi, Soichiro Natsume, Shinsuke Kazama, Yusuke Nishizawa, Yoji Nishimura, Yoshito Akagi, Hirohiko Sakamoto, Kiwamu Akagi
Microsatellite instability (MSI) is an important biomarker for screening for Lynch syndrome, and also of response to immune checkpoint inhibitors. The aim of this study is to create a predictive model to determine which elderly patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) should undergo MSI and/or immunohistochemistry testing on the basis of clinicopathological data. We analyzed a test cohort of CRC patients aged ≥50 years (n = 2219) by multivariate logistic regression analyses to identify predictors of high-frequency MSI (MSI-H)...
May 23, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544789/determinants-of-recent-aflatoxin-exposure-among-pregnant-women-in-rural-zimbabwe
#18
Laura E Smith, Mduduzi N N Mbuya, Andrew J Prendergast, Paul C Turner, Sandra Ruboko, Jean H Humphrey, Rebecca J Nelson, Ancikaria Chigumira, George Kembo, Rebecca J Stoltzfus
SCOPE: Aflatoxins are toxic secondary metabolites of Aspergillus species that contaminate staple foods such as maize and groundnuts. Aflatoxin exposure during pregnancy has been associated with adverse birth outcomes in limited-scale surveys in sub-Saharan Africa. The objective of this study was to describe the determinants of aflatoxin exposure, using urinary aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) biomarkers and data generated by the Sanitation Hygiene Infant Nutrition Efficacy (SHINE) trial for rural Zimbabwean women in early pregnancy...
May 22, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544753/no-association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-radiographic-hand-osteoarthritis-data-from-the-framingham-study
#19
Mette P Strand, Tuhina Neogi, Jingbo Niu, David T Felson, Ida K Haugen
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components are associated with hand OA using longitudinal data from the Framingham study. METHODS: In our cross-sectional analyses we included 1089 persons (age 50-75 years), of whom 785 had 7-year longitudinal radiographs. Of these, 586 with no hand OA at baseline were included in analyses on hand OA incidence. We explored associations between and MetS and its components (central obesity, hypertension, diabetes, triglyceridemia, low high-density lipoprotein) and radiographic hand OA (defined as ≥2 interphalangeal joints with Kellgren-Lawrence grade≥2) using logistic regression analyses with adjustment for age, sex and body mass index (BMI)...
May 23, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544568/depression-risk-in-young-adults-with-childhood-and-adult-onset-lupus-12-years-of-follow-up
#20
Andrea M Knight, Laura Trupin, Patricia Katz, Edward Yelin, Erica F Lawson
OBJECTIVE: To compare major depression risk among young adults with childhood-onset and adult-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to determine demographic and health-related predictors of depression. METHODS: Young adults with SLE ages 18-45 years (n=546) in the Lupus Outcomes Study completed annual telephone surveys from 2002-2015, including assessment of depression using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and self-report measures of sociodemographics and health characteristics...
May 23, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
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