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Angiopoietin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924363/thrombospondin-1-gene-deficiency-worsens-the-neurological-outcomes-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-mice
#1
Chongjie Cheng, Zhanyang Yu, Song Zhao, Zhengbu Liao, Changhong Xing, Yinghua Jiang, Yong-Guang Yang, Michael J Whalen, Eng H Lo, Xiaochuan Sun, Xiaoying Wang
Background: Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is an extracellular matrix protein that plays multiple physiological and pathophysiological roles in the brain. Experimental reports suggest that TSP-1 may have an adverse role in neuronal function recovery under certain injury conditions. However, the roles of TSP-1 in traumatic brain injury (TBI) have not been elucidated. In this study we for the first time investigated the roles of TSP-1 in a controlled cortical impact (CCI) model of TBI in TSP-1 knockout (TSP-1 KO) and wild type (WT) mice...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924019/kinetics-and-biomarkers-of-severe-cytokine-release-syndrome-after-cd19-chimeric-antigen-receptor-modified-t-cell-therapy
#2
Kevin A Hay, Laïla-Aïcha Hanafi, Daniel Li, Juliane Gust, W Conrad Liles, Mark M Wurfel, José A López, Junmei Chen, Dominic Chung, Susanna Harju-Baker, Sindhu Cherian, Xueyan Chen, Stanley R Riddell, David G Maloney, Cameron J Turtle
Lymphodepletion chemotherapy followed by infusion of CD19-specific chimeric antigen receptor-modified T cells (CAR-T) has produced impressive antitumor responses in patients with refractory CD19(+) B cell malignancies, but is often associated with cytokine release syndrome (CRS). Our understanding of CRS continues to evolve, and identification of the kinetics of CRS and predictive clinical and laboratory biomarkers of severity are needed to evaluate strategies to mitigate toxicity. We report the clinical presentation and identify biomarkers of severe CRS in 133 adult patients who received CD19 CAR-T cells...
September 18, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920924/impaired-angiopoietin-tie2-signaling-compromises-schlemm-s-canal-integrity-and-induces-glaucoma
#3
Jaeryung Kim, Dae-Young Park, Hosung Bae, Do Young Park, Dongkyu Kim, Choong-Kun Lee, Sukhyun Song, Tae-Young Chung, Dong Hui Lim, Yoshiaki Kubota, Young-Kwon Hong, Yulong He, Hellmut G Augustin, Guillermo Oliver, Gou Young Koh
Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is often caused by elevated intraocular pressure (IOP), which arises due to increased resistance to aqueous humor outflow (AHO). Aqueous humor flows through Schlemm's canal (SC), a lymphatic-like vessel encircling the cornea, and via intercellular spaces of ciliary muscle cells. However, the mechanisms underlying increased AHO resistance are poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that signaling between angiopoietin (Angpt) and the Angpt receptor Tie2, which is critical for SC formation, is also indispensable for maintaining SC integrity during adulthood...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920923/all-tied-up-mechanisms-of-schlemm-s-canal-maintenance
#4
Jeremiah Bernier-Latmani, Tatiana V Petrova
Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness, with an estimated world-wide prevalence of 3.5% in members of the population older than 40 years of age. Elevated intraocular pressure as the result of abnormal resistance to aqueous humor drainage is a major contributing, and the only preventable, factor in glaucoma development. Schlemm's canal (SC), a lymphatic-like vessel encircling the anterior portion of the eye, plays a key role in promoting aqueous humor outflow and maintenance of normal intraocular pressure...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918499/the-levels-of-circulating-proangiogenic-factors-in-migraineurs
#5
Slawomir Michalak, Alicja Kalinowska-Lyszczarz, Danuta Wegrzyn, Anna Thielemann, Krystyna Osztynowicz, Wojciech Kozubski
Migraine has been reported as a risk factor for ischemic stroke or cardiovascular events, and dysfunction of endothelial cells has been evidenced in migraine patients. Proangiogenic factors are potential endothelial stimulators, and their disturbances can link abnormalities of endothelium with increased risk of vascular disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of circulating proangiogenic factors in sera of migraineurs during interictal period. Fifty-two patients aged 37.9 ± 9.6 years, fulfilling International Headache Society criteria for migraine, were included in this observational case-control study...
September 16, 2017: Neuromolecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915606/proteolytic-cleavages-in-the-extracellular-domain-of-receptor-tyrosine-kinases-by-membrane-associated-serine-proteases
#6
Li-Mei Chen, Karl X Chai
The epithelial extracellular membrane-associated serine proteases matriptase, hepsin, and prostasin are proteolytic modifying enzymes of the extracellular domain (ECD) of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Matriptase also cleaves the ECD of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) and the angiopoietin receptor Tie2. In this study we tested the hypothesis that these serine proteases may cleave the ECD of additional receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs). We co-expressed the proteases in an epithelial cell line with Her2, Her3, Her4, insulin receptor (INSR), insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-1R), the platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGFRs) α and β, or nerve growth factor receptor A (TrkA)...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915249/effect-of-treatment-with-angiopoietin-2-and-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-on-the-quality-of-xenografted-bovine-ovarian-tissue-in-mice
#7
Hyun Sun Kong, Jaewang Lee, Hye Won Youm, Seul Ki Kim, Jung Ryeol Lee, Chang Suk Suh, Seok Hyun Kim
Cryopreservation and transplantation of ovarian tissue (OT) represents a method for fertility preservation. However, as the transplantation is performed without vessel anastomosis, unavoidable ischemic damage occurs. To reduce this ischemic damage and improve outcomes after transplantation, we used two kind of angiogenic factors, angiopoietin-2 (ang-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Fresh or vitrified-warmed bovine OTs were prepared for xenotransplantation (XT). Fresh OTs were immediately xenografted into nude mice (XT-Fresh)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906403/the-role-of-serum-angiopoietin-2-levels-in-progression-and-prognosis-of-lung-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#8
Yuyang Xu, Yingyi Zhang, Zihuai Wang, Nan Chen, Jian Zhou, Lunxu Liu
BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis is an essential process in the development and progression of malignant tumors including lung cancer, in which angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) plays an important role. The objective of this study was to assess the prognostic value of serum Ang-2 levels in patients with lung cancer. METHODS: A comprehensive systematic electronic search was performed in the Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, china national knowledge infrastructure, and VIP databases update to October, 2016 (qikan...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904065/angptl1-interacts-with-integrin-%C3%AE-1%C3%AE-1-to-suppress-hcc-angiogenesis-and-metastasis-by-inhibiting-jak2-stat3-signaling
#9
Qian Yan, Lingxi Jiang, Ming Liu, Dandan Yu, Yu Zhang, Yan Li, Shuo Fang, Yan Li, Ying-Hui Zhu, Yunfei Yuan, Xin Yuan Guan
Downregulation of tumor suppressor signaling plays an important role in the pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here we report that downregulation of the angiopoietin-like protein ANGPTL1 is associated with vascular invasion, tumor thrombus, metastasis and poor prognosis in HCC. Ectopic expression of ANGPTL1 in HCC cells effectively decreased their in vitro and in vivo tumorigenicity, cell motility and angiogenesis. shRNA-mediated depletion of ANGPTL1 exerted opposing effects. ANGPTL1 promoted apoptosis via inhibition of the STAT3/Bcl-2 mediated anti-apoptotic pathway and decreased cell migration and invasion via downregulation of transcription factors SNAIL and SLUG...
September 13, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901393/lps%C3%A2-induced-downregulation-of-microrna%C3%A2-204-211-upregulates-and-stabilizes-angiopoietin%C3%A2-1-mrna-in-ea-hy926-endothelial-cells
#10
Yijun Zhang, Caixia Gan, Jiangbo Zhang, Dong Chen
Angiopoietin‑1 (ANG‑1), a ligand of the endothelial cell‑specific TIE2 surface receptor, acts in a complementary and coordinated manner with vascular endothelial growth factor during the process of angiogenesis. ANG‑1 can be used as a clinically informative biomarker of disease severity and outcome in severe sepsis. The epithelium‑specific Ets transcription factor 1 can activate ANG‑1 transcription in the setting of inflammation; however, relatively little is known about the regulation of ANG‑1 by microRNAs (miRs)...
August 30, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898232/crosstalk-between-tems-and-endothelial-cells-modulates-angiogenesis-and-metastasis-via-igf1-igf1r-signalling-in-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#11
Xinjing Wang, Qinyi Zhu, Yingying Lin, Li Wu, Xiaoli Wu, Kai Wang, Qizhi He, Congjian Xu, Xiaoping Wan, Xipeng Wang
BACKGROUND: Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the leading cause of death from gynaecologic malignancies and has a poor prognosis due to metastasis. Drugs targeting the angiogenesis pathway significantly improve patient outcome. However, the key factors linking angiogenesis and metastasis have not been elucidated. In this study, we found Tie2 expressing monocytes (CD14(+)Tie2(+), TEMs) as key contributors to angiogenesis and metastasis of EOC. METHODS: Tissue slides were evaluated by immunofluorescence for the presence of total tissue macrophages and TEMs...
September 12, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894280/hypoxia-induced-angptl4-sustains-tumour-growth-and-anoikis-resistance-through-different-mechanisms-in-scirrhous-gastric-cancer-cell-lines
#12
Koichi Baba, Yoshihiko Kitajima, Shuusuke Miyake, Jun Nakamura, Kota Wakiyama, Hirofumi Sato, Keiichiro Okuyama, Hiroshi Kitagawa, Tomokazu Tanaka, Masatsugu Hiraki, Kazuyoshi Yanagihara, Hirokazu Noshiro
Patients with scirrhous gastric cancer (SGC) frequently develop peritoneal dissemination, which leads to poor prognosis. The secreted protein angiopoietin-like-4 (ANGPTL4), which is induced by hypoxia, exerts diverse effects on cancer progression. Here, we aimed to determine the biological function of ANGPTL4 in SGC cells under hypoxia. ANGPTL4 levels were higher in SGC cells under hypoxia than in other types of gastric cancer cells. Hypoxia-induced ANGPTL4 mRNA expression was regulated by hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α)...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890470/circulating-angptl2-levels-increase-in-humans-and-mice-exhibiting-cardiac-dysfunction
#13
Zhe Tian, Keishi Miyata, Jun Morinaga, Haruki Horiguchi, Tsuyoshi Kadomatsu, Motoyoshi Endo, Jiabin Zhao, Shunshun Zhu, Taichi Sugizaki, Michio Sato, Kazutoyo Terada, Takahiro Okumura, Toyoaki Murohara, Yuichi Oike
BACKGROUND: Recently, it was reported that angiopoietin-like protein 2 (ANGPTL2) secreted from a pathologically stressed heart accelerates cardiac dysfunction in an autocrine/paracrine manner, and that suppression of ANGPTL2 production in the heart restored cardiac function and myocardial energy metabolism, thereby blocking heart failure (HF) development. Interestingly, circulating ANGPTL2 concentrations reportedly increase in HF patients, suggesting a possible endocrine effect on cardiac dysfunction...
September 8, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884706/biological-features-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-in-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#14
Stella Genitsari, Eftichia Stiakaki, Chryssoula Perdikogianni, Georgia Martimianaki, Iordanis Pelagiadis, Margarita Pesmatzoglou, Maria Kalmanti, Helen Dimitriou
OBJECTIVE: Mesenchymal Stromal Cells (MSC) have a supportive role in hematopoiesis and as components of the bone marrow microenvironment may present alterations during ALL and be affected by chemotherapeutic agents. We examined the biological and functional characteristics of MSC at ALL diagnosis and treatment and their effect on MSC qualitative properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunophenotypic characterization, evaluation of clonogenicity and proliferative capacity were performed...
September 8, 2017: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873177/hypoxia-inducible-factor-dependent-expression-of-angiopoietin-like-4-by-conjunctival-epithelial-cells-promotes-the-angiogenic-phenotype-of-pterygia
#15
Qianli Meng, Yaowu Qin, Monika Deshpande, Fabiana Kashiwabuchi, Murilo Rodrigues, Qiaozhi Lu, Hui Ren, Jennifer H Elisseeff, Gregg L Semenza, Silvia V Montaner, Akrit Sodhi
Purpose: Disappointing results from clinical studies assessing the efficacy of therapies targeting vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) for the treatment of pterygia suggest that other angiogenic mediators may also play a role in its development. We therefore explore the relative contribution of VEGF, hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α (the transcription factor that regulates VEGF expression in ocular neovascular disease), and a second HIF-regulated mediator, angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4), to the angiogenic phenotype of pterygia...
September 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870346/effect-of-taoren-quyu-decoction-on-human-endometrial-cells-and-its-anti-endometriosis-activity-in-rats
#16
Hai-Zhi Liu, Xiao-Xue Han, Jia Liu, Feng-Cheng Zhu, Rui-Man Li
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of Taoren Quyu Decoction (TQD) on endometrial cells in patients with endometriosis (EMs) and EMs in rats. METHODS: A total of 60 female Wistar rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, namely, normal group, model group, positive group and TQD group, each group having 15 rats. Except the normal group, EMs model was established in the other three groups by transplanting the rat autologous endometrium. After 4 weeks of intragastric administration, blood, eutopic and ectopic endometrial tissues of rats in each group were collected to detect the serum levels of estrogen (E2), cancer antigen 125 (CA125), endometrial antibody (EMAb), and expressions of microvessel density (MVD), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiopoietin (Ang-2)...
July 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868182/assessment-of-serum-angiogenic-factors-as-a-diagnostic-aid-for-small-bowel-angiodysplasia-in-patients-with-obscure-gastrointestinal-bleeding-and-anaemia
#17
Grainne Holleran, Mary Hussey, Sinead Smith, Deirdre McNamara
AIM: To assess the use of serum levels of angiopoietin-1 (Ang1), Ang2 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) as predictive factors for small bowel angiodysplasia (SBA). METHODS: Serum samples were collected from patients undergoing capsule endoscopy for any cause of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) or anaemia. Based on small bowel findings patients were divided into 3 groups: (1) SBA; (2) other bleeding causes; and (3) normal, according to diagnosis. Using ELISA technique we measured serum levels of Ang1, Ang2 and TNFα and compared mean and median levels between the groups based on small bowel diagnosis...
August 15, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867689/angptl2%C3%A3-a-new-causal-player-in-accelerating-heart-disease-development-in-the-aging
#18
Yuichi Oike, Zhe Tian, Keishi Miyata, Jun Morinaga, Motoyoshi Endo, Tsuyoshi Kadomatsu
In parallel with the increase in the number of elderly people worldwide, the number of patients with heart disease is also rapidly increasing. Of the heart diseases, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and heart failure (HF) are strongly associated with adverse health outcomes that decrease productivity in later years. Recently, ANGPTL2, a secreted glycoprotein and member of the angiopoietin-like protein family, has received attention as a causal player in the development of CVD and HF. Prolonged ANGPTL2 autocrine/paracrine signaling in vascular tissue leads to chronic inflammation and pathologic tissue remodeling, accelerating CVD development...
September 2, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867683/microrna-134-promotes-the-development-of-atherosclerosis-via-the-angptl4-lpl-pathway-in-apolipoprotein-e-knockout-mice
#19
Qiong Ye, Guo-Ping Tian, Hai-Peng Cheng, Xin Zhang, Xiang Ou, Xiao-Hua Yu, Ru-Qi Tan, Feng-Yun Yang, Duo Gong, Chong Huang, Yan-Jun Pan, Jie Zhang, Ling-Yan Chen, Zhen-Wang Zhao, Wei Xie, Liang Li, Min Zhang, Xiao-Dan Xia, Xi-Long Zheng, Chao-Ke Tang
AIMS: Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of cardiovascular disease, such as myocardial infarction and stroke. Previous study revealed that microRNA (miR)-134 promotes lipid accumulation and proinflammatory cytokine secretion through angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4)/lipid lipoprotein (LPL) signaling in THP-1 macrophages. METHODS: ApoE KO male mice on a C57BL/6 background were fed a high-fat/high-cholesterol Western diet, from 8 to 16 weeks of age. Mice were divided into four groups, and received a tail vein injection of miR-134 agomir, miR-134 antagomir, or one of the corresponding controls, respectively, once every 2 weeks after starting the Western diet...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863470/effects-of-aging-on-parasite-biomass-inflammation-endothelial-activation-microvascular-dysfunction-and-disease-severity-in-plasmodium-knowlesi-and-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria
#20
Bridget E Barber, Matthew J Grigg, Timothy William, Kim A Piera, Michelle J Boyle, Tsin W Yeo, Nicholas M Anstey
Background: In populations pauci-immune to malaria, risk of severe malaria increases with age. This is particularly apparent in Plasmodium knowlesi malaria. However, pathophysiological mechanisms underlying knowlesi malaria, and of the age-related increase in risk of severe malaria in general, are poorly understood. Methods: In Malaysian patients aged ≥12 years with severe (n = 47) and nonsevere (n = 99) knowlesi malaria, severe (n = 21) and nonsevere (n = 109) falciparum malaria, and healthy controls (n = 50), we measured parasite biomass, systemic inflammation (interleukin 6 [IL-6]), endothelial activation (angiopoietin-2), and microvascular function, and evaluated the effects of age...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
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