keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

crash studies

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526357/universal-motorcycle-helmet-laws-to-reduce-injuries-a-community-guide-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Yinan Peng, Namita Vaidya, Ramona Finnie, Jeffrey Reynolds, Cristian Dumitru, Gibril Njie, Randy Elder, Rebecca Ivers, Chika Sakashita, Ruth A Shults, David A Sleet, Richard P Compton
CONTEXT: Motorcycle crashes account for a disproportionate number of motor vehicle deaths and injuries in the U.S. Motorcycle helmet use can lead to an estimated 42% reduction in risk for fatal injuries and a 69% reduction in risk for head injuries. However, helmet use in the U.S. has been declining and was at 60% in 2013. The current review examines the effectiveness of motorcycle helmet laws in increasing helmet use and reducing motorcycle-related deaths and injuries. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Databases relevant to health or transportation were searched from database inception to August 2012...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526053/pre-hospital-triage-performance-after-standardized-trauma-courses
#2
Maria Lampi, Johan Junker, Peter Berggren, Carl-Oscar Jonson, Tore Vikström
BACKGROUND: The pre-hospital triage process aims at identifying and prioritizing patients in the need of prompt intervention and/or evacuation. The objective of the present study was to evaluate triage decision skills in a Mass Casualty Incident drill. The study compares two groups of participants in Advanced Trauma Life Support and Pre-Hospital Trauma Life Support courses. METHODS: A questionnaire was used to deal with three components of triage of victims in a Mass Casualty Incident: decision-making; prioritization of 15 hypothetical casualties involved in a bus crash; and prioritization for evacuation...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521367/driving-problems-in-the-elderly-and-cognitively-impaired
#3
Robert Haussmann, Maria Buthut, Markus Donix
Driving ability in the elderly and cognitively impaired is of growing demographic relevance. Driving represents a complex task for which multiple central resources are needed. In mild cognitive impairment and dementia, we need to closely monitor driving ability, as it gets irrecoverably lost in the course of the disease. In normal aging, people are often able to self-regulate driving behavior with respect to their medical conditions. Some studies demonstrated that older drivers perform well compared with younger drivers...
May 18, 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515606/gender-based-assessment-of-survival-in-trauma-hemorrhagic-shock-a-retrospective-analysis-of-indian-population
#4
Pankaj Verma, Sanjeev Bhoi, Upendra Baitha, Tej Prakash Sinha, Prakash Ranjan Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Trauma-hemorrhagic shock (THS) is a leading cause of death. Female rats and women experience better outcomes in terms of survival after major trauma as compared to males. There are limited data in Indian population. Authors studied the gender-based outcome of patients with Class IV hemorrhagic shock due to blunt trauma and the distribution of factors among males and females which are known to affect outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a retrospective study with data of trauma victims between January 2008 and July 2013...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512475/risk-factors-for-road-traffic-injuries-among-different-road-users-in-the-gambia
#5
Edrisa Sanyang, Corinne Peek-Asa, Paul Bass, Tracy L Young, Babanding Daffeh, Laurence J Fuortes
We identified risk factors for road traffic injuries among road users who received treatment at two major trauma hospitals in urban Gambia. The study includes pedestrians, bicyclists, motorcyclists, and drivers/passengers of cars and trucks. We examined distributions of injury by age, gender, collision vehicle types and vehicle category, and driver and environment factors. Two hundred and fifty-four patients were included in the study. Two-thirds were male and one-third female. Two-thirds (67%) of road traffic injuries involved pedestrians, bicyclists, and motorcyclists; and these were more common during weekdays (74%) than weekends...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510495/fatigue-in-younger-and-older-drivers-effectiveness-of-an-alertness-maintaining-task
#6
Woojin Song, Fu L Woon, Alice Doong, Carol Persad, Louis Tijerina, Pooja Pandit, Carol Cline, Bruno Giordani
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of an alertness maintaining task (AMT) in older, fatigued drivers. BACKGROUND: Fatigue during driving increases crash risk, and previous research suggests that alertness and driving in younger adults may be improved using a secondary AMT during boring, fatigue-eliciting drives. However, the potential impact of an AMT on driving has not been investigated in older drivers whose ability to complete dual tasks has been shown to decline and therefore may be negatively affected with an AMT in driving...
May 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507999/risk-factors-of-road-traffic-accidents-associated-mortality-in-northern-iran-a-single-center-experience-utilizing-oaxaca-blinder-decomposition
#7
Faranak Sherafati, Enayatollah Homaie-Rad, Abolhassan Afkar, Ramin Gholampoor-Sigaroodi, Soheil Sirusbakht
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the differences in death after receiving emergency services in traffic accidents between urban and rural regions, and decompose factors of the gap in Langerood, Northern Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Langrood, Northern Iran during a 1-year period from 2013 to 2014. The hospital data of traffic crashes were used. Data contained those patients who survived at the scene of accident. Injury severity score, time to admission, age, gender, season of crash and type of collision were variables used in this study...
April 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506480/the-epidemiology-of-inpatient-pediatric-trauma-in-united-states-hospitals-2000-to-2011
#8
Jamie Oliver, Jacob Avraham, Spiros Frangos, Sandra Tomita, Charles DiMaggio
BACKGROUND: This study provides important updates to the epidemiology of pediatric trauma in the United States. METHODS: Age-specific epidemiologic analysis of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's Nationwide Inpatient Sample, representing 2.4 million pediatric traumatic injury discharges in the US from 2000 to 2011. We present yearly data with overlying loess smoothing lines, proportions of common injuries and surgical procedures, and survey-adjusted logistic regression analysis...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504303/distracted-walking-bicycling-and-driving-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-mobile-technology-and-youth-crash-risk
#9
Despina Stavrinos, Caitlin N Pope, Jiabin Shen, David C Schwebel
This article examined the impact of mobile technology on young pedestrians, bicyclists, and drivers. A systematic search yielded 41 articles meeting inclusion criteria: peer-reviewed, published before February 1, 2016, behavioral outcome related to pedestrian, bicycling, or driving in the presence of mobile technology use, youth sample. Eleven studies were meta-analyzed to evaluate increased risk for crash/near-crash while distracted. Risk of bias and quality of research were assessed. Across methodologies, developmental stages, and type of distracting task, mobile technology use impairs youth safety on the road...
May 15, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500990/evaluating-the-safety-impact-of-adaptive-cruise-control-in-traffic-oscillations-on-freeways
#10
Ye Li, Zhibin Li, Hao Wang, Wei Wang, Lu Xing
Adaptive cruise control (ACC) has been considered one of the critical components of automated driving. ACC adjusts vehicle speeds automatically by measuring the status of the ego-vehicle and leading vehicle. Current commercial ACCs are designed to be comfortable and convenient driving systems. Little attention is paid to the safety impacts of ACC, especially in traffic oscillations when crash risks are the highest. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the impacts of ACC parameter settings on rear-end collisions on freeways...
May 10, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500615/marijuana-and-the-risk-of-fatal-car-crashes-what-can-we-learn-from-fars-and-nrs-data
#11
Eduardo Romano, Pedro Torres-Saavedra, Robert B Voas, John H Lacey
Lab studies have shown that marijuana can severely impair driving skills. Epidemiological studies, however, have been inconclusive regarding the contribution of marijuana use to crash risk. In the United States, case-control studies based on the merging of comparable crash Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) and non-crash National Roadside Survey (NRS) data have been applied to assess the contribution of drugs to crash risk, but these studies have yielded confusing, even contradictory results. We hypothesize that such a divergence of results emanates from limitations in the databases used in these studies, in particular that of the FARS...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499141/can-vehicle-longitudinal-jerk-be-used-to-identify-aggressive-drivers-an-examination-using-naturalistic-driving-data
#12
Fred Feng, Shan Bao, James R Sayer, Carol Flannagan, Michael Manser, Robert Wunderlich
This paper investigated the characteristics of vehicle longitudinal jerk (change rate of acceleration with respect to time) by using vehicle sensor data from an existing naturalistic driving study. The main objective was to examine whether vehicle jerk contains useful information that could be potentially used to identify aggressive drivers. Initial investigation showed that there are unique characteristics of vehicle jerk in drivers' gas and brake pedal operations. Thus two jerk-based metrics were examined: (1) driver's frequency of using large positive jerk when pressing the gas pedal, and (2) driver's frequency of using large negative jerk when pressing the brake pedal...
May 9, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499140/is-vehicle-automation-enough-to-prevent-crashes-role-of-traffic-operations-in-automated-driving-environments-for-traffic-safety
#13
Eunbi Jeong, Cheol Oh, Seolyoung Lee
Automated driving systems (ADSs) are expected to prevent traffic accidents caused by driver carelessness on freeways. There is no doubt regarding this safety benefit if all vehicles in the transportation system were equipped with ADSs; however, it is implausible to expect that ADSs will reach 100% market penetration rate (MPR) in the near future. Therefore, the following question arises: 'Can ADSs, which consider only situations in the vicinity of an equipped vehicle, really contribute to a significant reduction in traffic accidents?' To address this issue, the interactions between equipped and unequipped vehicles must be investigated, which is the purpose of this study...
May 9, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494260/examination-of-the-reliability-of-the-crash-modification-factors-using-empirical-bayes-method-with-resampling-technique
#14
Jung-Han Wang, Mohamed Abdel-Aty, Ling Wang
There have been plenty of studies intended to use different methods, for example, empirical Bayes before-after methods, to get accurate estimation of CMFs. All of them have different assumptions toward crash count if there was no treatment. Additionally, another major assumption is that multiple sites share the same true CMF. Under this assumption, the CMF at an individual intersection is randomly drawn from a normally distributed population of CMFs at all intersections. Since CMFs are non-zero values, the population of all CMFs might not follow normal distributions, and even if it does, the true mean of CMFs at some intersections may be different from that at others...
May 8, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494162/are-automatic-systems-the-future-of-motorcycle-safety-a-novel-methodology-to-prioritize-potential-safety-solutions-based-on-their-projected-effectiveness
#15
Gustavo Gil, Giovanni Savino, Simone Piantini, Niccolò Baldanzini, Riender Happee, Marco Pierini
OBJECTIVE: Motorcycle riders are involved in significantly more crashes per kilometer driven than passenger car drivers. Nonetheless, the development and implementation of motorcycle safety systems lags far behind that of passenger cars. This research addresses the identification of the most effective motorcycle safety solutions in the context of different countries. METHODS: A Knowledge-Based system of Motorcycle Safety (KBMS) was developed to assess the potential for various safety solutions to mitigate or avoid motorcycle crashes...
May 11, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492937/association-between-medication-use-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-risk-of-motor-vehicle-crashes
#16
Zheng Chang, Patrick D Quinn, Kwan Hur, Robert D Gibbons, Arvid Sjolander, Henrik Larsson, Brian M D'Onofrio
Importance: Motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) are a major public health problem. Research has demonstrated that individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more likely to experience MVCs, but the effect of ADHD medication treatment on the risk of MVCs remains unclear. Objective: To explore associations between ADHD medication use and risk of MVCs in a large cohort of patients with ADHD. Design, Setting, and Participants: For this study, a US national cohort of patients with ADHD (n = 2 319 450) was identified from commercial health insurance claims between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2014, and followed up for emergency department visits for MVCs...
May 10, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492100/data-mining-in-road-crash-analysis-the-context-of-developing-countries
#17
Md Asif Raihan, Moinul Hossain, Tanweer Hasan
The recent advancements in the field of data mining have made vast progress in extracting new information and hidden patterns from large datasets which are often overlooked by the traditional statistical approaches. These methods focus on searching for new and interesting hypothesis which were previously unobserved. Road safety researchers working with the crash data from developed world have seen encouraging success in obtaining new insight into crash mechanism through data mining. An attempt was made in this study to apply these advance methods and evaluate their performance in manifesting crash causes for Bangladesh...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489657/the-pattern-of-orbital-fractures-managed-at-two-referral-centers-in-nairobi-kenya
#18
Wayne Manana, Walter A Odhiambo, Mark L Chindia, Kennedy Koech
Orbital fractures are one of the commonest injuries in mid-face trauma and can lead to significant functional and cosmetic defects. This study was aimed at analyzing the pattern of orbital fractures at 2 referral centers in Nairobi. It was a descriptive prospective hospital-based study of the demographics, etiology, clinico-radiological features, and management modalities among patients presenting with orbital fractures at the University of Nairobi Dental Hospital and Kenyatta National Referral Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486151/causal-inference-framework-for-generalizable-safety-effect-estimates
#19
Jonathan S Wood, Eric T Donnell
This study integrates a causal inference framework to the Empirical Bayes (EB) before-after method to develop generalizable safety effect estimates (i.e., crash modification factor (CMF)). The method considers approaches to estimate the average treatment effect for the treated (ATT), average treatment effect for the untreated (ATU), and average treatment effect (ATE). The current EB method is shown to estimate ATT while ATE is what is typically desired in traffic safety research. Modifications to the current EB method to estimate ATU and ATE are provided...
May 6, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484993/hip-fracture-pattern-at-a-major-tanzanian-referral-hospital-focus-on-fragility-hip-fractures
#20
Munyaradzi Tsabasvi, Sonya Davey, Rogers Temu
This study examined hip fractures during a 5-year period at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Center (KCMC). There was a general increase in proportions of fragility hip fractures during this period. PURPOSE: Fragility hip fractures are expected to increase in low-resource countries. This study examined hip fractures in the osteoporotic age group during a 5-year period at the Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Center (KCMC), which is located in Moshi, Tanzania. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of all hip fracture patients above the age of 50 who were admitted to KCMC between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2015...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
keyword
keyword
71535
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"