keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

crash studies

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227883/development-and-validation-of-thums-version-5-with-1d-muscle-models-for-active-and-passive-automotive-safety-research
#1
Hideyuki Kimpara, Yuko Nakahira, Masami Iwamoto, Hideyuki Kimpara, Yuko Nakahira, Masami Iwamoto, Hideyuki Kimpara, Masami Iwamoto, Yuko Nakahira
Accurately predicting the occupant kinematics is critical to better understand the injury mechanisms during an automotive crash event. The objectives of this study were to develop and validate a finite element (FE) model of the human body integrated with an active muscle model called Total HUman Model for Safety (THUMS) version 5, which has the body size of the 50th percentile American adult male (AM50). This model is characterized by being able to generate a force owing to muscle tone and to predict the occupant response during an automotive crash event...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226253/modeling-single-vehicle-run-off-road-crash-severity-in-rural-areas-accounting-for-unobserved-heterogeneity-and-age-difference
#2
Linfeng Gong, Wei David Fan
This study investigates factors that significantly contribute to the severity of driver injuries resulting from single-vehicle run-off-road (SV ROR) crashes. A mixed logit model approach is employed to explore the potential unobserved heterogeneous effects associated with each age group: young (ages 16-24), middle-aged (ages 25-65), and older drivers (ages over 65). Likelihood ratio tests indicated that the development of separate injury severity models for each age group is statistically superior to estimating a single model using all data...
February 19, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223831/cost-analysis-of-facial-injury-treatment-in-two-university-hospitals-in-malaysia-a-prospective-study
#3
Bin Sulong Saperi, Roszalina Ramli, Zafar Ahmed, Amrizal Muhd Nur, Mohd Ismail Ibrahim, Muhd Fazlynizam Rashdi, Rifqah Nordin, Normastura Abd Rahman, Azizah Yusoff, Abd Jabar Nazimi, Roselinda Abdul Rahman, Noorhayati Abdul Razak, Norlen Mohamed
OBJECTIVE: Facial injury (FI) may occur in isolation or in association with injuries to other parts of the body (facial and other injury [FOI]). The objective of this study was to determine the direct treatment costs incurred during the management of facial trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study on treatment cost for FIs and FOIs due to road-traffic crashes in two university hospitals in Malaysia was conducted from July 2010 to June 2011. The patients were recruited from emergency departments and reviewed after 6 months from the date of initial treatment...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219638/traffic-safety-effects-of-new-speed-limits-in-sweden
#4
Anna Vadeby, Åsa Forsman
The effects of speed, both positive and negative, make speed a primary target for policy action. Driving speeds affect the risk of being involved in a crash and the injury severity as well as the noise and exhaust emissions. Starting 2008, the Swedish Transport Administration performed a review of the speed limits on the national rural road network. This review resulted in major changes of the speed limits on the rural road network. It was predominantly roads with a low traffic safety standard and unsatisfactory road sides that were selected for reduced speed limits, as well as roads with a good traffic safety record being selected for an increase in speed limits...
February 17, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218696/driver-s-cognitive-workload-and-driving-performance-under-traffic-sign-information-exposure-in-complex-environments-a-case-study-of-the-highways-in-china
#5
Nengchao Lyu, Lian Xie, Chaozhong Wu, Qiang Fu, Chao Deng
Complex traffic situations and high driving workload are the leading contributing factors to traffic crashes. There is a strong correlation between driving performance and driving workload, such as visual workload from traffic signs on highway off-ramps. This study aimed to evaluate traffic safety by analyzing drivers' behavior and performance under the cognitive workload in complex environment areas. First, the driving workload of drivers was tested based on traffic signs with different quantities of information...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215657/methodological-considerations-with-data-uncertainty-in-road-safety-analysis
#6
Matthias Schlögl, Rainer Stütz
The analysis of potential influencing factors that affect the likelihood of road accident occurrence has been of major interest for safety researchers throughout the recent decades. Even though steady methodological progresses were made over the years, several impediments pertaining to the statistical analysis of crash data remain. While issues related to methodological approaches have been subject to constructive discussion, uncertainties inherent to the most fundamental part of any analysis have been widely neglected: data...
February 16, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215271/effect-of-sleep-extension-on-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-symptoms-and%C3%A2-driving-behavior-in-adolescents-with-chronic-short-sleep
#7
Annie A Garner, Ashley Hansen, Catherine Baxley, Stephen P Becker, Craig A Sidol, Dean W Beebe
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Few adolescents report obtaining adequate amounts of sleep. Correlational studies have linked adolescent short sleep with driving crashes and sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT), a cluster of symptoms that include sluggishness and low persistence that are related to but distinct from inattention and sleepiness. The relationship between SCT and driving is understudied, and no study has experimentally examined the relationship between SCT and sleep. We examined the relationship between SCT and driving problems in a sample of chronically short-sleeping adolescents...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214710/a-preliminary-investigation-of-the-relationships-between-historical-crash-and-naturalistic-driving
#8
Anurag Pande, Sai Chand, Neeraj Saxena, Vinayak Dixit, James Loy, Brian Wolshon, Joshua D Kent
This paper describes a project that was undertaken using naturalistic driving data collected via Global Positioning System (GPS) devices to demonstrate a proof-of-concept for proactive safety assessments of crash-prone locations. The main hypothesis for the study is that the segments where drivers have to apply hard braking (higher jerks) more frequently might be the "unsafe" segments with more crashes over a long-term. The linear referencing methodology in ArcMap was used to link the GPS data with roadway characteristic data of US Highway 101 northbound (NB) and southbound (SB) in San Luis Obispo, California...
February 16, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209593/comparing-icd-10-external-cause-codes-for-pedal-cyclists-with-self-reported-crash-details
#9
Ben Beck, Christina L Ekegren, Peter Cameron, Mark Stevenson, Rodney Judson, Andrew Bucknill, Elton Edwards, Belinda Gabbe
Accurate coding of injury event information is critical in developing targeted injury prevention strategies. However, little is known about the validity of the most universally used coding system, the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), in characterising crash counterparts in pedal cycling events. This study aimed to determine the agreement between hospital-coded ICD-10-AM (Australian modification) external cause codes with self-reported crash characteristics in a sample of pedal cyclists admitted to hospital following bicycle crashes...
February 16, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198133/left-ventricular-assist-device-therapy-in-advanced-heart-failure-patient-selection-and-outcomes
#10
REVIEW
Finn Gustafsson, Joseph G Rogers
Despite improvements in pharmacological therapy and pacing, prognosis in advanced heart failure (HF) remains poor, with a 1-year mortality of 25-50%. While heart transplantation provides excellent survival and quality of life for eligible patients, only a few can be offered this treatment due to shortage of donor organs. Implantable left ventricular assist device (LVAD) technology has improved considerably, and the currently used continuous flow devices may last >10 years in a patient. LVADs are being used increasingly both as bridge-to-transplantation and as destination therapy...
February 15, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193794/alcohol-policies-and-alcohol-related-motor-vehicle-crash-fatalities-among-young-people-in-the-us
#11
Scott E Hadland, Ziming Xuan, Vishnudas Sarda, Jason Blanchette, Monica H Swahn, Timothy C Heeren, Robert B Voas, Timothy S Naimi
BACKGROUND: Motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) are a leading cause of death among young people in the United States. We examined the relationship between states' alcohol policy environments and alcohol-related MVC fatalities among children, adolescents, and young adults under the minimum legal drinking age of 21 years. METHODS: We used the Alcohol Policy Scale (APS), an assessment of 29 alcohol policies across 50 states and Washington, DC, developed with the assistance of an interdisciplinary Delphi panel...
February 13, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193714/contributors-to-pedestrian-distraction-and-risky-behaviours-during-road-crossings-in-romania
#12
Cara Hamann, Diana Dulf, Erika Baragan-Andrada, Morgan Price, Corinne Peek-Asa
OBJECTIVE: Pedestrian fatalities due to collisions with motor vehicles are a large public health problem in Romania, ranking them among the highest in Eastern Europe. The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of crash factors by examining how roadway and environmental characteristics contribute to pedestrian distraction and risky behaviours at pedestrian MVC (PMVC) locations in Cluj County, Romania. METHODS: A sample of PMVC locations was selected from the 2010 Cluj County police reported crash database for on-site examination...
February 13, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189058/using-data-mining-techniques-to-predict-the-severity-of-bicycle-crashes
#13
Gabriele Prati, Luca Pietrantoni, Federico Fraboni
To investigate the factors predicting severity of bicycle crashes in Italy, we used an observational study of official statistics. We applied two of the most widely used data mining techniques, CHAID decision tree technique and Bayesian network analysis. We used data provided by the Italian National Institute of Statistics on road crashes that occurred on the Italian road network during the period ranging from 2011 to 2013. In the present study, the dataset contains information about road crashes occurred on the Italian road network during the period ranging from 2011 to 2013...
February 8, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187874/falling-while-walking-a-hidden-contributor-to-pedestrian-injury
#14
Jennifer Oxley, Steve O'Hern, Duane Burtt, Ben Rossiter
Walking is a sustainable mode of transportation which is beneficial to both individuals and to the broader community, however, there are risks and it is essential that road design and operation provides safe conditions for walking. In Victoria, pedestrians represent one of the most vulnerable road user groups, accounting for approximately 12% of all road fatalities and serious injuries. These figures largely represent injuries where the pedestrian has been struck by a vehicle with the extent of pedestrian-only injuries largely un-reported...
February 7, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187338/a-hybrid-latent-class-analysis-modeling-approach-to-analyze-urban-expressway-crash-risk
#15
Rongjie Yu, Xuesong Wang, Mohamed Abdel-Aty
Crash risk analysis is rising as a hot research topic as it could reveal the relationships between traffic flow characteristics and crash occurrence risk, which is beneficial to understand crash mechanisms which would further refine the design of Active Traffic Management System (ATMS). However, the majority of the current crash risk analysis studies have ignored the impact of geometric characteristics on crash risk estimation while recent studies proved that crash occurrence risk was affected by the various alignment features...
February 7, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186421/effects-of-cognitive-load-on-driving-performance
#16
Johan Engström, Gustav Markkula, Trent Victor, Natasha Merat
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was to outline an explanatory framework for understanding effects of cognitive load on driving performance and to review the existing experimental literature in the light of this framework. BACKGROUND: Although there is general consensus that taking the eyes off the forward roadway significantly impairs most aspects of driving, the effects of primarily cognitively loading tasks on driving performance are not well understood...
February 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183057/new-record-of-a-bloom-forming-genotoxic-strain-nodularia-strain-kt447209-from-andaman-and-nicobar-islands-india
#17
Sumantha Narayana, R Mohanraju, Prashant Singh, Viresh Thamke, Savita Tapase, Yogesh Shouche, Kisan Kodam
Cyanobacteria blooms in marine waters are limited to only a few taxa; with the genus Nodularia (Nostocales) being one among the most commonly observed and widely studied species. A bloom of Nodularia sp. was observed across a vast area along the coast of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The bloom occurred during the summer when salinity was >30‰. This differed to previous reports where blooms have crashed at such high salinities. The molecular phylogeny revealed the Nodularia species to be a novel one...
January 30, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174099/combining-field-work-and-laboratory-work-in-the-study-of-financial-risk-taking
#18
REVIEW
John Coates, Mark Gurnell
A contribution to a special issue on Hormones and Human Competition. Financial markets are periodically destabilized by bubbles and crashes during which investors display respectively what has been called "irrational exuberance" and "irrational pessimism". How can we best study these pathologies in competitive and risk-taking behaviours? In this article, we argue that a science of risk-taking and of the financial markets needs to draw heavily on physiology and especially endocrinology, due to their central roles in moderating human behaviour...
February 4, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171803/reforming-the-road-freight-transportation-system-using-systems-thinking-an-investigation-of-coronial-inquests-in-australia
#19
Sharon Newnam, Natassia Goode, Paul Salmon, Mark Stevenson
Road freight transport is considered to be one of the most dangerous industries in Australia, accounting for over 30% of all work fatalities. Whilst system reform (i.e., change to policy and practice) is needed, it is not clear what this reform should be, or what approaches should be used to drive it. This article argues that road freight transportation reform should be underpinned by a systems thinking approach. Efforts to understand crash causation should be focused beyond the driver and identify contributing factors at other levels with the road freight system...
February 4, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167421/self-reported-vs-state-recorded-motor-vehicle-collisions-among-older-community-dwelling-individuals
#20
B A Singletary, A N Do, J P Donnelly, C Huisingh, M T Mefford, R Modi, F L Mondesir, Y Ye, C Owsley, G McGwin
INTRODUCTION: Motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) continue to place an increased burden on both individuals and health care systems. Self-reported and state-recorded police reports are the most common methods for MVC evaluation in epidemiologic studies, with varying degrees of agreement of information when compared in previous studies. The objective of the current study is to address the differences in MVC reporting and provide a more robust measure of the agreement between self-reported and state-recorded MVCs in a community dwelling population of older adults...
February 3, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
keyword
keyword
71535
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"