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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103071/bridging-the-response-to-mass-shootings-and-urban-violence-exposure-to-violence-in-new-haven-connecticut
#1
Alycia Santilli, Kathleen O'Connor Duffany, Amy Carroll-Scott, Jordan Thomas, Ann Greene, Anita Arora, Alicia Agnoli, Geliang Gan, Jeannette Ickovics
We have described self-reported exposure to gun violence in an urban community of color to inform the movement toward a public health approach to gun violence prevention. The Community Alliance for Research and Engagement at Yale School of Public Health conducted community health needs assessments to document chronic disease prevalence and risk, including exposure to gun violence. We conducted surveys with residents in six low-income neighborhoods in New Haven, Connecticut, using a neighborhood-stratified, population-based sample (n = 1189; weighted sample to represent the neighborhoods, n = 29 675)...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100286/disease-burden-of-hepatitis-e-in-a-rural-population-in-china-a-community-based-survey
#2
H Jiang, S Huang, Y Zhao, Y Wang, C Yang, J Cai, Z Wang, J Zhang, X Zhang, H Jin
This study aimed to estimate the disease burden of hepatitis E in a rural region in China. A total of 489 hepatitis E cases were reported according to a community-based survey in an active hepatitis surveillance system between 2008 and 2015, the questionnaire and record-review methods were constructed to evaluate the economic and health burden of hepatitis E virus infections from societal perspectives. All costs were converted to US$ in 2015. The age-standardized cumulative incidence rate was 107·9/100 000, and the median age-standardized annual incidence rate was 16·5/100 000...
January 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099728/effects-of-an-intervention-initiated-by-a-national-society-to-improve-postabortion-care-in-rural-facilities-in-burkina-faso
#3
Sibraogo Kiemtoré, Hyacinthe Zamané, Danlotoma P Kaïn, Yobi A Sawadogo, Issa Ouédraogo, Ali Ouédraogo, Jean Lankoandé
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of an intervention by the Societé de Gynécologues et Obstétriciens du Burkina (SOGOB) to improve postabortion care (PAC) in rural areas of Burkina Faso. METHODS: From June 1, 2012, to May 31, 2013, SOGOB increased capacity for PAC by providing training in health care and equipment to 45 rural health facilities. Performance in PAC in the year before intervention (June 1, 2011, to May 31, 2012) was compared with that in the year following intervention (June 1, 2013, to May 31, 2014)...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099724/costs-of-integrating-cervical-cancer-screening-at-an-hiv-clinic-in-kenya
#4
Elisabeth L Vodicka, Joseph B Babigumira, Marita R Mann, Rose J Kosgei, Fan Lee, Nelly R Mugo, Timothy C Okech, Samah R Sakr, Louis P Garrison, Michael H Chung
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the societal-level costs of integrating cervical cancer screening into HIV clinics in Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: A cross-sectional micro-costing study was performed at Coptic Hope Center for Infectious Diseases and Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya, between July 1 and October 31, 2014. To estimate direct medical, non-medical, and indirect costs associated with screening, a time-and-motion study was performed, and semi-structured interviews were conducted with women aged at least 18 years attending the clinic for screening during the study period and with clinic staff who had experience relevant to cervical cancer screening...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099073/cdc-s-delta-focus-program-identifying-promising-primary-prevention-strategies-for-intimate-partner-violence
#5
Theresa L Armstead, Kirsten Rambo, Megan Kearns, Kathryn M Jones, Jenny Dills, Pamela Brown
According to 2011 data, nearly one in four women and one in seven men in the United States experience severe physical violence by an intimate partner, creating a public health burden requiring population-level solutions. To prevent intimate partner violence (IPV) before it occurs, the CDC developed Domestic Violence Prevention Enhancements and Leadership Through Alliances, Focusing on Outcomes for Communities United with States to identify promising community- and societal-level prevention strategies to prevent IPV...
January 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098280/single-lithium-ion-conducting-solid-polymer-electrolytes-advances-and-perspectives
#6
REVIEW
Heng Zhang, Chunmei Li, Michal Piszcz, Estibaliz Coya, Teofilo Rojo, Lide M Rodriguez-Martinez, Michel Armand, Zhibin Zhou
Electrochemical energy storage is one of the main societal challenges to humankind in this century. The performances of classical Li-ion batteries (LIBs) with non-aqueous liquid electrolytes have made great advances in the past two decades, but the intrinsic instability of liquid electrolytes results in safety issues, and the energy density of the state-of-the-art LIBs cannot satisfy the practical requirement. Therefore, rechargeable lithium metal batteries (LMBs) have been intensively investigated considering the high theoretical capacity of lithium metal and its low negative potential...
January 18, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097217/amylose-recognition-and-ring-size-determination-of-amylomaltase
#7
Christian Roth, Nicole Weizenmann, Nicola Bexten, Wolfram Saenger, Wolfgang Zimmermann, Timm Maier, Norbert Sträter
Starch is a major carbon and energy source throughout all kingdoms of life. It consists of two carbohydrate polymers, branched amylopectin and linear amylose, which are sparingly soluble in water. Hence, the enzymatic breakdown by glycoside hydrolases (GHs) is of great biological and societal importance. Amylomaltases (AMs) are GHs specialized in the hydrolysis of α-1,4-linked sugar chains such as amylose. They are able to catalyze an intramolecular transglycosylation of a bound sugar chain yielding polymeric sugar rings, the cycloamyloses (CAs), consisting of 20 to 100 glucose units...
January 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096516/newborn-sequencing-in-genomic-medicine-and-public-health
#8
Jonathan S Berg, Pankaj B Agrawal, Donald B Bailey, Alan H Beggs, Steven E Brenner, Amy M Brower, Julie A Cakici, Ozge Ceyhan-Birsoy, Kee Chan, Flavia Chen, Robert J Currier, Dmitry Dukhovny, Robert C Green, Julie Harris-Wai, Ingrid A Holm, Brenda Iglesias, Galen Joseph, Stephen F Kingsmore, Barbara A Koenig, Pui-Yan Kwok, John Lantos, Steven J Leeder, Megan A Lewis, Amy L McGuire, Laura V Milko, Sean D Mooney, Richard B Parad, Stacey Pereira, Joshua Petrikin, Bradford C Powell, Cynthia M Powell, Jennifer M Puck, Heidi L Rehm, Neil Risch, Myra Roche, Joseph T Shieh, Narayanan Veeraraghavan, Michael S Watson, Laurel Willig, Timothy W Yu, Tiina Urv, Anastasia L Wise
The rapid development of genomic sequencing technologies has decreased the cost of genetic analysis to the extent that it seems plausible that genome-scale sequencing could have widespread availability in pediatric care. Genomic sequencing provides a powerful diagnostic modality for patients who manifest symptoms of monogenic disease and an opportunity to detect health conditions before their development. However, many technical, clinical, ethical, and societal challenges should be addressed before such technology is widely deployed in pediatric practice...
January 17, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096063/formalized-expert-recommendations-chest-trauma-first-48hours-management
#9
Pierre Bouzat, Mathieu Raux, Jean Stéphane David, Karim Tazarourte, Michel Galinski, Thibault Desmettre, Delphine Garrigue, Laurent Ducros, Pierre Michelet
Chest Trauma remains an issue for health services for both severe and apparently mild trauma management. Severe chest trauma is associated with high mortality and is considered liable for 25% of mortality in multiple traumas. Moreover, mild trauma is also associated with significant morbidity especially in patients with preexisting conditions. Thus, whatever the severity, a fast-acting strategy must be organized. At this time there are no guidelines available from scientific societies. These expert recommendations aim to establish guidelines for chest trauma management in both pre hospital an in hospital settings, for the first 48hours...
January 13, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095843/the-tidal-waves-of-connected-health-devices-with-healthcare-applications-consequences-on-privacy-and-care-management-in-european-healthcare-systems
#10
Francois-André Allaert, Noël-Jean Mazen, Louis Legrand, Catherine Quantin
BACKGROUND: The market for Connected Health Devices (CHD) with healthcare applications is growing fast and should be worth several billion euros in turnover in the coming years. Their development will completely transform the organisation of our healthcare system, profoundly change the way patients are managed and revolutionizes disease prevention. MAIN BODY: The CHD with healthcare applications is a tidal wave that has societal impact calling into question the privacy of patients' personal and healthcare information and its protection in secure systems...
January 17, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095832/cost-effectiveness-of-using-a-motion-sensor-biofeedback-treatment-approach-for-the-management-of-sub-acute-or-chronic-low-back-pain-economic-evaluation-alongside-a-randomised-trial
#11
Terry Haines, Kelly-Ann Bowles
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a common and costly condition internationally. There is high need to identify effective and economically efficient means for managing this problem. This study aimed to explore the cost-effectiveness of a novel motion-sensor biofeedback treatment approach in addition to guidelines-based care compared to guidelines-based care alone, from a societal perspective over a 12 month time horizon. METHOD: This was an incremental cost-effectiveness analysis conducted concurrently with a pilot, cluster randomized controlled trial...
January 17, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094087/-management-of-jaundice-in-the-newborn%C3%A2-35%C3%A2-gw-from-screening-to-follow-up-after-discharge-guidelines-for-clinical-practice
#12
A Cortey, L Renesme, J Raignoux, A Bedu, C Casper, P Tourneux, P Truffert
Jaundice due to unconjugated bilirubin is an everyday condition in the neonatal period because it results from the adaptation of bilirubin metabolism at this time of life. Hyperbilirubinemia has a potential neurotoxicity and although it most often resolves spontaneously, it can lead to acute and sometimes chronic encephalopathy. The latter condition is called kernicterus and induces severe and irreversible neurological sequelae. This rare complication is still reported in all countries throughout the world even if severe hyperbilirubinemia can be prevented and critical points points of failure in jaundice management are identified...
January 13, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090816/tacit-knowledge-and-risk-perceptions-tullow-oil-and-lay-publics-in-ghana-s-offshore-oil-region
#13
Sylvester Senyo Ofori-Parku
This study examines how local residents make sense of offshore oil production risks in Ghana's nascent petroleum industry. From a naturalistic-interpretive perspective, it is primarily based on in-depth interviews with community residents: 8 opinion leaders, 15 residents, and 1 journalist. Residents associate Tullow's oil activities with health concerns (e.g. conjunctivitis), environmental challenges (e.g. the emergence of decomposed seaweeds along the shore), and socio-economic concerns (e.g. loss of livelihoods, decline in fish harvest, and increased rent and cost of living)...
January 1, 2017: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090226/more-use-of-peritoneal-dialysis-gives-significant-savings-a-systematic-review-and-health-economic-decision-model
#14
Eva Pike, Vida Hamidi, Tove Ringerike, Torbjorn Wisloff, Marianne Klemp
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are in need of renal replacement therapy as dialysis and/or transplantation. The prevalence of ESRD and, thus, the need for dialysis are constantly growing. The dialysis modalities are either peritoneal performed at home or hemodialysis (HD) performed in-center (hospital or satellite) or home. We examined effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of HD performed at different locations (hospital, satellite, and home) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) at home in the Norwegian setting...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088240/feasibility-of-an-altruistic-sperm-donation-program-in-canada-results-from-a-population-based-model
#15
Daria O'Reilly, James M Bowen, Kuhan Perampaladas, Riaz Qureshi, Feng Xie, Edward Hughes
BACKGROUND: Stringent donor-screening criteria and legislation prohibiting payment for donor gametes have contributed to the radical decline of donor insemination (DI) using sperm provided by Canadian men. Thus, many individuals rely on imported sperm. This paper examines the feasibility of an altruistic sperm donation (ASD) program to meet the needs of Canadians. METHODS: Using Canadian census data, published literature and expert opinions, two population-based, top-down mathematical models were developed to estimate the supply and demand for donor sperm and the feasibility of an ASD program...
January 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087291/primary-care-perspectives-on-hepatitis-c-virus-screening-diagnosis-and-linking-patients-to-appropriate-care
#16
Edward Lebovics, Richard Torres, Lucinda K Porter
Enormous progress has been made in recent years toward effectively treating and curing patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). However, at least half of the possible 7 million individuals infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the US remain undiagnosed. The formidable task of increasing the number of patients diagnosed, and subsequently linked to appropriate care has fallen to primary care clinicians, who are mandated by some US States to offer screening to individuals born between 1945 and 1965 (the Baby Boomer Generation)...
January 10, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086996/-la-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-du-cancer-is-moving-forward
#17
EDITORIAL
Marie Dutreix, Michel Marty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086934/electroacupuncture-plus-moxibustion-therapy-for-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Mikyung Kim, Eun-Ji Choi, Sung-Phil Kim, Jung-Eun Kim, Hyo-Ju Park, Ae-Ran Kim, Bok-Nam Seo, O-Jin Kwon, Jung Hyo Cho, Sun-Yong Chung, Joo-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is one of the most prevalent mental health disorders and has a significant societal economic burden. Antidepressants and cognitive behavioral therapy are two primary interventions for the standardized treatment of MDD. However, their weaknesses, such as a low response rate, a high risk of adverse events from medication, and the high cost of cognitive behavioral therapy, have resulted in a need for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086837/systemic-and-individual-factors-in-the-buprenorphine-treatment-seeking-process-a-qualitative-study
#19
Valerie M Hewell, Angel R Vasquez, Inna D Rivkin
BACKGROUND: Opioid use is a significant problem in Alaska. Medication-assisted treatment for opioid use, including buprenorphine, reduces withdrawal symptoms and the harm associated with opioid abuse. Understanding consumers' treatment-seeking process is important for addressing barriers to treatment, facilitating effective service utilization, and informing policy. METHODS: To understand treatment-seeking behavior, we examined the attitudes, perceptions, and knowledge of those who would benefit from the medication-assisted treatment (MAT) buprenorphine...
January 11, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081164/economic-evaluation-of-pcsk9-inhibitors-in-reducing-cardiovascular-risk-from-health-system-and-private-payer-perspectives
#20
Alejandro Arrieta, Timothy F Page, Emir Veledar, Khurram Nasir
The introduction of Proprotein covertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors has been heralded as a major advancement in reducing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels by nearly 50%. However, concerns have been raised on the added value to the health care system in terms of their costs and benefits. We assess the cost-effectiveness of PCSK9 inhibitors based on a decision-analytic model with existing clinical evidence. The model compares a lipid-lowering therapy based on statin plus PCSK9 inhibitor treatment with statin treatment only (standard therapy)...
2017: PloS One
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