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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433773/who-s-calling-social-networks-and-mobile-phone-use-among-motorcyclists
#1
Chris De Gruyter, Long T Truong, Hang T T Nguyen
Mobile phone use while riding a motorcycle poses a key safety risk, particularly among younger people who have been found to be more susceptible to distracted driving. While previous research has examined the influence of social networks on mobile phone use while driving a car, no research has explored this association in the context of motorcycle use. Using a survey of university students in Vietnam, this research explores the association between social networks and mobile phone use among motorcyclists and the links this has to reported crashes/falls...
April 20, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432898/cost-effectiveness-of-sensor-augmented-pump-therapy-versus-standard-insulin-pump-therapy-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-in-denmark
#2
S Roze, S de Portu, J Smith-Palmer, A Delbaere, W Valentine, M Ridderstråle
AIMS: The use of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) in type 1 diabetes (T1D) has increased in recent years. Sensor-augmented pump therapy (SAP) with low glucose suspend (LGS) (allowing temporary suspension of insulin delivery if blood glucose level falls below a pre-defined threshold level) provides additional benefits over CSII alone, but is associated with higher acquisition costs. Therefore, a cost-effectiveness analysis of SAP+LGS versus CSII in patients with T1D was performed...
February 16, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429241/pharmacological-approaches-to-the-management-of-secondary-progressive-multiple-sclerosis
#3
REVIEW
A Nandoskar, J Raffel, A S Scalfari, T Friede, R S Nicholas
It is well recognised that the majority of the impact of multiple sclerosis (MS), both personal and societal, arises in the progressive phase where disability accumulates inexorably. As such, progressive MS (PMS) has been the target of pharmacological therapies for many years. However, there are no current licensed treatments for PMS. This stands in marked contrast to relapsing remitting MS (RRMS) where trials have resulted in numerous licensed therapies. PMS has proven to be a more difficult challenge compared to RRMS and this review focuses on secondary progressive MS (SPMS), where relapses occur before the onset of gradual, irreversible disability, and not primary progressive MS where disability accumulation occurs without prior relapses...
April 20, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428763/adhd-lifestyles-and-comorbidities-a-call-for-an-holistic-perspective-from-medical-to-societal-intervening-factors
#4
REVIEW
Simon Weissenberger, Radek Ptacek, Martina Klicperova-Baker, Andreja Erman, Katerina Schonova, Jiri Raboch, Michal Goetz
The review examines Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD in its Child and Adult form) and its various presentations (Hyperactive Impulsive, Inattentive, and Combined) with a particular focus on environmental (incl. social factors), lifestyles and comorbidities. It is argued that ADHD is best understood in a holistic and interactive context and a vast empirical literature is presented to illustrate the point: Environmental factors include stress in general as well as exposure to toxins (phthalates, bisphenol A)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427844/cost-effectiveness-of-influenza-vaccination-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-korea
#5
Jinuk Suh, Boyeon Kim, Yunseok Yang, Dong-Churl Suh, Eunyoung Kim
BACKGROUND: Influenza can cause cardiovascular abnormalities by inappropriately activating the coagulation cascade. Therefore, influenza vaccination is important because it decreases the risk of hospitalization for and mortality associated with heart disease. In particular, it reduces the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. Our study aimed to estimate the disease burden of MACEs and its related direct and indirect costs in ACS patients...
April 17, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425956/acceptable-risk-analysis-for-abrupt-environmental-pollution-accidents-in-zhangjiakou-city-china
#6
Xi Du, Zhijiao Zhang, Lei Dong, Jing Liu, Alistair G L Borthwick, Renzhi Liu
Abrupt environmental pollution accidents cause considerable damage worldwide to the ecological environment, human health, and property. The concept of acceptable risk aims to answer whether or not a given environmental pollution risk exceeds a societally determined criterion. This paper presents a case study on acceptable environmental pollution risk conducted through a questionnaire survey carried out between August and October 2014 in five representative districts and two counties of Zhangjiakou City, Hebei Province, China...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424767/direct-and-indirect-costs-of-asthma-management-in-greece-an-expert-panel-approach
#7
Kyriakos Souliotis, Hara Kousoulakou, Georgios Hillas, Petros Bakakos, Michalis Toumbis, Stelios Loukides, Theodoros Vassilakopoulos
OBJECTIVE: Asthma is a major cause of morbidity and mortality and is associated with significant economic burden worldwide. The objectives of this study were to map current resource use associated with the disease management and to estimate the annual direct and indirect costs per adult patient with asthma. METHODS: A Delphi panel with seven leading pulmonologists was conducted. A semistructured questionnaire was developed to elicit data on resource use and treatment patterns...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423211/-driving-to-the-edge-of-the-cliff-transgender-mental-health
#8
EDITORIAL
Russell Ashmore, Elizabeth Collier
Three years ago a member of our family disclosed that they were transgender. The umbrella term transgender refers to 'a significant minority of people whose gender expression or identity differs from societal expectations of their assigned sex at birth' (Bailey et al. 2014). We had not faced anything like this before and we quickly learnt that transgender issues provoke strong opinions and emotions. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422923/a-cross-sectional-study-of-emergency-care-utilization-and-associated-costs-of-violent-related-assault-injuries-in-the-united-states
#9
Michael C Monuteaux, Eric W Fleegler, Lois K Lee
BACKGROUND: Violent-related (assault) injuries are a leading cause of death and disability in the United States. Many violent injury victims seek treatment in the emergency department (ED). Our objectives were to: (1) estimate rates of violent-related injuries evaluated in United States EDs; (2) estimate linear trends in ED visits for violent-related injuries from 2000 to 2010; and (3) to determine the associated healthcare and work-loss costs. METHODS: We examined adults 18 years of age and older from a nationally representative survey (the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey) of ED visits, from 2000 to 2010...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422615/understanding-how-sexual-and-gender-minority-stigmas-influence-depression-among-trans-women-and-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-india
#10
Venkatesan Chakrapani, Pandara Purayil Vijin, Carmen H Logie, Peter A Newman, Murali Shunmugam, Murugesan Sivasubramanian, Miriam Samuel
PURPOSE: Few studies have assessed how sexual and gender minority stigmas affect the mental health of trans women and self-identified men who have sex with men (MSM) in India, populations with a high HIV burden. We tested whether social support and resilient coping act as mediators of the effect of sexual and gender minority stigmas on depression as proposed by Hatzenbuehler's psychological mediation framework, or as moderators based on Meyer's minority stress theory. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey among trans women (n = 300) and MSM (n = 300) recruited from urban and rural sites in India...
April 19, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422077/economic-burden-of-obesity-a-systematic-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Maximilian Tremmel, Ulf-G Gerdtham, Peter M Nilsson, Sanjib Saha
Background: The rising prevalence of obesity represents an important public health issue. An assessment of its costs may be useful in providing recommendations for policy and decision makers. This systematic review aimed to assess the economic burden of obesity and to identify, measure and describe the different obesity-related diseases included in the selected studies. Methods: A systematic literature search of studies in the English language was carried out in Medline (PubMed) and Web of Science databases to select cost-of-illness studies calculating the cost of obesity in a study population aged ≥18 years with obesity, as defined by a body mass index of ≥30 kg/m², for the whole selected country...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421661/safety-in-psychiatric-inpatient-care-the-impact-of-risk-management-culture-on-mental-health-nursing-practice
#12
Allie Slemon, Emily Jenkins, Vicky Bungay
The discourse of safety has informed the care of individuals with mental illness through institutionalization and into modern psychiatric nursing practices. Confinement arose from safety: out of both societal stigma and fear for public safety, as well as benevolently paternalistic aims to protect individuals from self-harm. In this paper, we argue that within current psychiatric inpatient environments, safety is maintained as the predominant value, and risk management is the cornerstone of nursing care. Practices that accord with this value are legitimized and perpetuated through the safety discourse, despite evidence refuting their efficacy, and patient perspectives demonstrating harm...
April 18, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421454/quality-indicators-in-endoscopic-ablation-for-barrett-s-esophagus
#13
REVIEW
Samuel Han, Sachin Wani
Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a well-established premalignant condition for esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC); a cancer that is associated with a poor 5-year survival rate. Several strategies have been explored in the context of reducing the burden of EAC. Endoscopic eradication therapy (EET) is considered the standard of care for the management of patients with BE with dysplasia and early neoplasia; a practice that has been endorsed by all gastroenterology societal guidelines. The effectiveness of EET has been demonstrated in multiple studies and contemporary management includes a combination of endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) of all visible lesions followed by eradication of the remaining BE using ablative techniques of which radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has the best evidence supporting effectiveness and safety...
April 18, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420700/diabetes-associated-clinical-spectrum-long-term-prognosis-and-genotype-phenotype-correlations-in-201-adult-patients-with-hepatocyte-nuclear-factor-1-b-hnf1b-molecular-defects
#14
Danièle Dubois-Laforgue, Erika Cornu, Cécile Saint-Martin, Joël Coste, Christine Bellanné-Chantelot, José Timsit
OBJECTIVE: Molecular defects of hepatocyte nuclear factor 1B (HNF1B) are associated with a multiorgan disease, including diabetes (maturity-onset diabetes of the young 5) and kidney abnormalities. The HNF1B-syndrome is related to HNF1B mutations or to a 17q12 deletion spanning 15 genes, including HNF1B. Here, we described HNF1B-related diabetes and associated phenotypes and assessed genotype/phenotype correlations at diagnosis and in the long-term. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This multicenter retrospective cohort study included 201 patients, aged 18 or older at follow-up, with HNF1B mutations (n = 101) or deletion (n = 100)...
April 18, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418835/costs-and-effectiveness-of-treating-homeless-persons-with-cocaine-addiction-with-alternative-contingency-management-strategies
#15
Stephen T Mennemeyer, Joseph E Schumacher, Jesse B Milby, Dennis Wallace
BACKGROUND: Between 1990 and 2006 in Birmingham, Alabama USA, 4 separate randomized controlled studies, called "Homeless 1" through "Homeless 4", treated cocaine substance abuse among chronically homeless adults, largely black men, many with non-psychotic mental health problems. The 4 studies had 9 treatment arms that used various counseling methods plus, in some arms, the provision of housing and work therapy usually with a contingent requirement of urine-test verified abstinence from substances...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418834/reduction-in-costs-after-treating-comorbid-panic-disorder-with-agoraphobia-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#16
Vedrana Ikic, Claude Belanger, Stephane Bouchard, Patrick Gosselin, Frederic Langlois, Joane Labrecque, Michel J Dugas, Andre Marchand
BACKGROUND: Panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) are impairing and costly disorders that are often misdiagnosed and left untreated despite multiple consultations. These disorders frequently co-occur, but little is known about the costs associated with their comorbidity and the impact of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) on cost reduction. AIMS OF THE STUDY: The first objective of this study was to assess the mental health-related costs associated with the specific concomitance of PDA and GAD...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418406/large-near-term-projected-snowpack-loss-over-the-western-united-states
#17
John C Fyfe, Chris Derksen, Lawrence Mudryk, Gregory M Flato, Benjamin D Santer, Neil C Swart, Noah P Molotch, Xuebin Zhang, Hui Wan, Vivek K Arora, John Scinocca, Yanjun Jiao
Peak runoff in streams and rivers of the western United States is strongly influenced by melting of accumulated mountain snowpack. A significant decline in this resource has a direct connection to streamflow, with substantial economic and societal impacts. Observations and reanalyses indicate that between the 1980s and 2000s, there was a 10-20% loss in the annual maximum amount of water contained in the region's snowpack. Here we show that this loss is consistent with results from a large ensemble of climate simulations forced with natural and anthropogenic changes, but is inconsistent with simulations forced by natural changes alone...
April 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418173/rebutting-the-inclined-analyses-on-the-cost-effectiveness-and-feasibility-of-coral-reef-restoration
#18
Baruch Rinkevich
Active reef restoration is a fast developing scientific discipline, since under the current forecasts of global climate change and the ever-continuing anthropogenic impacts, further degradation in the functions, ecology and structures of coral reefs worldwide is anticipated. This scientific field, though still in its infancy and facing a variety of challenges, has emerged as a discipline capable of successfully restoring ravaged reefs when correctly and efficiently executed. In concert with a wide range of biological and ecological applications, reef restoration today encompasses a variety of societal equity capitals and other social commodification, all intermingled within a single unabridged socio-economic perspective (Rinkevich 2014, 2015b)...
April 18, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417338/accessibility-accountability-affordability-healthcare-policy-in-orthopedic-trauma
#19
REVIEW
Renee C Genova, Rachel L Box, James R Ficke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides historical background on trauma care in the USA and summarizes contemporary trauma-related health policy issues. It is a primer for orthopedic surgeons who want to promote improvements in research, delivery, and cost reduction in trauma care. RECENT FINDINGS: As of 2010, funding for trauma research accounted for only 0.02% of all National Institutes of Health research funding. This is disproportionate to the societal burden of traumatic injury, which is the leading cause of death and disability among people aged 1 to 46 years in the USA...
April 18, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417270/current-reports-on-perinatal-intimate-partner-violence
#20
REVIEW
Donna E Stewart, Simone N Vigod, Harriet L MacMillan, Prabha S Chandra, Alice Han, Marta B Rondon, Jennifer C D MacGregor, Ekaterina Riazantseva
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study was to review the literature on perinatal intimate partner violence, focusing on recent knowledge to guide mental health professionals on the best approaches to identify and treat women exposed to perinatal intimate partner violence. RECENT FINDINGS: Risk factors have been broadened from individual victim and perpetrator factors to include relationship, community, and societal factors which interact together. Better information is now available on how to identify, document, and treat women exposed to violence around the time of conception, pregnancy, and the postpartum period...
May 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
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