Read by QxMD icon Read

duodenal perforation

Christoph Kuemmerli, Christoph Tschuor, Christian Oberkofler, Pierre-Alain Clavien, Henrik Petrowsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Hussein Nassereddine, Nicolas Poté, Pasquale Tammaro, Anne Couvelard
Pulse (hyaline ring) granuloma, a rare entity first described in lung and oral cavity, has been reported under various names before the identification of hyaline rings as fragments of pulses (the edible seeds of legumes). Similar lesions were thereafter described in extra-oral localizations, mainly the gastrointestinal tract, or localizations having potential communication with the gastrointestinal tract. Recently, 2 reports described "spiral bodies" surrounded by foreign body-type multinucleated giant cell reaction in pulse granulomas, corresponding to remnant plant vascular structures (helical xylem elements)...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
Mohammad Saud Khan, Faisal Jamal, Zubair Khan, Abhinav Tiwari, Hermann Simo, Himani Sharma
Duodenal perforation is a rare but life-threatening complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Duodenal perforation can cause air leak into the extraperitoneal space. In rare instances, the air in the extraperitoneal space could dissect along the fascial planes of the abdomen to reach scrotum, leading to pneumoscrotum. We present the case of a 35-year-old male patient who developed scrotal pain and swelling following ERCP. He was found to have extensive pneumoscrotum, pneumoretroperitoneum, pneumomediastinum, and subcutaneous emphysema...
January 2018: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Daryl Ramai, Andrew Ofosu, Madhavi Reddy
Gastric diverticula represent the rarest of gastrointestinal diverticula. While similar to duodenal, jejunal and colonic diverticula, gastric diverticula are found incidentally upon upper endoscopy and are mostly asymptomatic. However, larger diverticula can lead to symptoms such as upper abdominal pain, nausea, emesis, and dyspepsia. Some patients may present with dramatic presentations including ulceration, hemorrhage, or perforation. Clinicians should be aware that diagnostic imaging may not always detect the presence of gastric diverticula...
February 2018: Gastroenterology Research
Tomoaki Tashima, Ken Ohata, Eiji Sakai, Yoshitsugu Misumi, Maiko Takita, Yohei Minato, Yasushi Matsuyama, Takashi Muramoto, Hitoshi Satodate, Hajime Horiuchi, Nobuyuki Matsuhashi, Kouichi Nonaka, Shomei Ryozawa
BACKGROUND:  Duodenal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) remains technically challenging, with a high risk of severe adverse events. Because exposure of the duodenal post-ESD mucosal defect to pancreatic juice and bile acid reportedly induces delayed perforation and bleeding, we examined whether defect closure using an over-the-scope clip (OTSC) system was useful for preventing postoperative adverse events. METHODS:  From April 2016 to February 2017, a total of 50 consecutive patients with superficial non-ampullary duodenal epithelial tumors (SNADETs) larger than 10 mm, with no more than semi-circumferential spread, were prospectively enrolled in this study...
March 2, 2018: Endoscopy
Nan Zhang, Xiangqian Su, Kai Xu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and effectiveness of circular stapler and linear stapler in Billroth II( anastomosis following distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer patients. METHODS: Clinical data of gastric adenocarcinoma patients who received distal gastrectomy with Billroth II( anastomosis at Ward IIII( of Gastrointestinal Cancer Center of Peking University Cancer Hospital from January 2013 to April 2017 were collected retrospectively. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: (1) patients identified as stage IIII( gastric cancer by preoperative clinical and postoperative pathological staging...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
J Barrett-Lee, J Vatish, M Vazirian-Zadeh, P Waterland
Introduction Studies show that rates of blood transfusion associated with general surgical laparoscopy are low. Currently, there are no national guidelines in the UK regarding blood group and antibody screening (G&S) for patients undergoing emergency laparoscopy. The aim of this study was to assess whether using G&S before emergency laparoscopic general surgery routinely is worthwhile by identifying rates of perioperative transfusion. Methods Data were collected retrospectively on all emergency laparoscopic procedures at a single district general hospital between January 2014 and 31 December 2016...
February 27, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Ravi Nara Srinivasa, Matthew L Osher, Douglas A Murrey, Jordan Bruce Fenlon, Charles Brewerton, Wael E Saad, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick
Patients with a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass may be challenging diagnostic and therapeutic dilemmas for gastroenterologists and endoscopists due to anatomic considerations. Pancreaticobiliary limb pathology is particularly difficult to diagnose from standard endoscopic approaches as it often requires double balloon enteroscopy. Percutaneous access and gastrostomy placement into the gastric remnant, however, is a commonly performed procedure by interventional radiology. This report describes the identification of duodenal perforation and Graham patch dehiscence in the pancreaticobiliary limb of a patient with a prior Roux-en-Y gastric bypass who had failed traditional endoscopic measures, using transgastric remnant interventional duodenoscopy and confirmed with methylene blue injection into a periduodenal abscess...
December 2017: Radiology Case Reports
Tae-Han Kim, Ji-Ho Park, Sang-Ho Jeong, Jin-Kwon Lee, Seung-Jin Kwag, Ju-Yeon Kim, Woohyung Lee, Jung-Woo Woo, Jae Yool Jang, Eun-Jin Song, Taejin Park, Chi-Young Jeong, Young-Tae Ju, Eun-Jung Jung, Soon-Chan Hong, Sang-Kyung Choi, Woo-Song Ha, Young-Joon Lee
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic primary repair is one of the main procedures used for perforated gastric ulcers, and this technique requires reproducible and secure suturing. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of a novel continuous suture method with barbed sutures during laparoscopic repair for perforated peptic ulcers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical data from 116 consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic repair for perforated peptic ulcers were collected between November 2009 and October 2015...
February 22, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Amy L Lightner
Symptomatic duodenal Crohn's disease (CD) is an uncommon disease presentation, especially in isolation. The most common duodenal disease phenotype is stricturing disease rather than inflammatory or perforating. Most patients are asymptomatic and are therefore diagnosed incidentally by cross-sectional imaging or endoscopy. Medical management includes proton pump inhibitor therapy and immunosuppressive therapy including corticosteroids, immunomodulatory therapy, and biologic therapy. Symptomatic strictures can often be treated medically or endoscopically, and do not always require surgery...
February 15, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Jamie E Anderson, Ian E Brown, Kristin A Olson, Katherine Iverson, Christine S Cocanour, Joseph M Galante
BACKGROUND: Data suggest that methamphetamine may increase the risk of non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI). We describe patterns of presentation and outcomes of patients with methamphetamine use who present with NOMI to a single institution. METHODS: This is an observational study of patients from January 2015 to September 2017 with methamphetamine use who presented with NOMI at an academic medical center in Northern California. We summarize patient co-morbidities, clinical presentation, operative findings, pathologic findings, hospital course, and survival...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Giorgio Valerii, Andrea Tringali, Rosario Landi, Ivo Boškoski, Pietro Familiari, Alessandra Bizzotto, Vincenzo Perri, Lucio Petruzziello, Guido Costamagna
OBJECTIVE: We investigate the efficiency of endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) of non-ampullary sporadic duodenal adenomas (NASDA) in a retrospective analysis with long-term follow-up. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing EMR of NASDA between May 2002 and December 2016 were retrospectively identified from an electronic database. Endoscopic follow-up was scheduled after 3, 6 and 12 months for the first year, then yearly for up to five years. RESULTS: EMR of 75 NASDA was performed in 68 patients (56% en-bloc, 44% piecemeal)...
February 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Karamjit Dhaliwal, Victoria Malkhasyan, Mohammed Elhassan
Overutilization of diagnostic imaging can lead to unnecessary interventions and subsequently can jeopardize patient safety. When ordered, the results of these images should always be interpreted in the appropriate clinical context taking into consideration the patient clinical presentation and the natural history of the diseases which are being investigated. We presented a case that demonstrates for the practicing physicians how violating these two notions can lead ultimately to patient harm.
2018: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Judith Staub, Ali Siddiqui, Linda Jo Taylor, David Loren, Tom Kowalski, Douglas G Adler
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography) performed through previously placed enteral stents is an uncommon procedure without a significant amount of supporting literature, and with a wide reported range of technical success. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and better define the technical feasibility and safety of performing ERCP through enteral stents in patients with combined malignant biliary and gastric outlet obstruction (GOO). METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, retrospective study on 71 patients with combined gastric outlet and biliary obstruction who underwent ERCP through a previously placed enteral stent at 2 tertiary care centers...
February 6, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Ioannis D Kostakis, Zoe Garoufalia, Themistoklis Feretis, Stylianos Kykalos, Dimitrios Mantas
Bouveret's syndrome is a rare cause of proximal gallstone ileus with obstruction of duodenum or gastric outlet. We report a case of an 87-year-old female patient presented with 1 week history of vomiting whose plain radiograms showed ileus and pneumobilia. The abdominal computed tomography confirmed pneumobilia and revealed free air and leakage of oral contrast agent in the hepatic hilum and subhepatic space and an impacted gallstone in the third portion of the duodenum. The patient underwent exploratory laparotomy, which showed that the duodenal perforation was circumvallated, and a side-to-side retrocolic gastrojejunal anastomosis was performed in order to surpass the impacted gallstone...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Shogo Miura, Hiroyuki Kuroda, Ken Sato, Michiko Yamada, Ryo Itou, Michihiro Ono, Tomoyuki Abe, Shigeyuki Fujii, Masahiro Maeda, Masahiro Yoshida, Wataru Jomen, Masayoshi Kobune, Junji Kato, Miri Fujita
The gastrointestinal tract is a common site for the occurrence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). NHL with gastrointestinal lesions may lead to clinically relevant intestinal complications such as obstruction, perforation, and exsanguination during the course of the disease. Consequently, patients with NHL are often examined by means of upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy at the initial visit. There are no clear guidelines regarding which patients should undergo capsule endoscopy (CE) and balloon enteroscopy for detecting small intestinal lesions...
2018: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
Tomoya Hatakeyama, Kazuki Sakai, Atsushi Matsumura, Shiro Ogino, Toshikazu Akami, Shinji Okano, Yuji Ueda, Takeshi Mazak
Malignant lymphomas of the duodenum and small intestine are relatively rare, but are clinically important, as they may result in perforation peritonitis. Here, we report a case of perforation peritonitis caused by multiple duodenal and small intestinal malignant lymphomas. An 84-year-old man was diagnosed with malignant lymphoma of the duodenum. Although chemotherapy was planned, emergency surgery was performed to treat perforation peritonitis. Laparoscopic observation revealed that the perforation was not in the duodenum, but in the ileum...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Daisuke Takiuchi, Osakuni Morimoto, Ryohei Wada, Masaya Higashiguchi, Takashi Nonoshita, Kentaro Nishida, Noriko Wada, Kazuya Sakata, Yusuke Akamaru, Hirofumi Ota, Kunitaka Shibata, Hirotsugu Ohashi
We report a case of a highly advanced urothelial carcinoma accompanied by duodenal stenosis with pancreaticoduodenectomy. A6 6-year-old man presented with upper abdominal pain and vomiting. Acute pancreatitis and hydronephrosis were diagnosed with urgent hospitalization, but jaundice appeared, and stenosis of the duodenum was also found. Thus, we suspected groove pancreatitis or pancreatic cancer, and performed pancreaticoduodenectomy. However, poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma was observed in the retroperitoneal dissection surface in the intraoperative rapid tissue and right hemicolectomy, right nephrectomy, and right ureteral resection were added to the diagnosis...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Yasushi Yamasaki, Noriya Uedo, Yoji Takeuchi, Ryu Ishihara, Hiroyuki Okada, Hiroyasu Iishi
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic resection (ER) is becoming the first choice of treatment for treating superficial nonampullary duodenal epithelial tumors (SNADETs), but ER procedures for SNADETs remain challenging because of the difficulty experienced in maneuvering the endoscope toward the thin duodenal wall, which results in a high rate of adverse events. Although several ER methods were used to overcome these technical difficulties and complications, ER methods for SNADETs are not standardized...
February 1, 2018: Digestion
Toshiyasu Ojima, Mikihito Nakamori, Masaki Nakamura, Keiji Hayata, Masahiro Katsuda, Katsunari Takifuji, Hiroki Yamaue
BACKGROUND: There have been no comparative studies of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) and laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS) for patients with duodenal tumors regarding surgical outcomes. The aim of this study is to compare the safety and feasibility of short-term surgical outcomes of ESD and LECS for patients with low-risk tumors of the duodenum. METHODS: This was a single-center retrospective study of 68 consecutive patients with low-risk tumors of the duodenum who received surgical treatments...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"