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duodenal perforation

Jeong Il Yu, Do Hoon Lim, Hee Chul Park, Heerim Nam, Bo Kyoung Kim, Sung-Joo Kim, Jae Berm Park
We investigated the efficacy and safety of a tissue expander (TE) for adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) of resected retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS).This study was conducted with 37 patients with RPS who received resection with or without TE insertion followed by RT from August 2006 to June 2012 at Samsung Medical Center. Among the 37 patients, TE was inserted in 19. The quality of TE insertion was evaluated according to the correlation of clinical target volume and retroperitoneal surface volume covered by TE and was defined as follows: excellent, ≥85%; good, 70% to 85%; fair, 50% to 70%; and poor, <50%...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
G Cocorullo, N Falco, R Tutino, T Fontana, G Scerrino, G Salamone, L Licari, G Gulotta
AIM: To evaluate the role of laparoscopy in the treatment of surgical emergency in old population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over-70 years-old patients submitted to emergency abdominal surgery from January 2013 to December 2014 were collected and grouped according to admission diagnoses. These accounted small bowel obstruction, colonic acute disease, appendicitis, ventral hernia, gastro-duodenal perforation, biliary disease. In each group it was analyzed the operation time (OT), the morbidity rate and the mortality rate comparing open and laparoscopic management using T-test and Chi-square test...
May 2016: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Ting-Chia Yeh
BACKGROUND: Duodenum diverticulum is the most common site for diverticular disease of small intestine. Most of duodenal diverticulum are asymptomatic, but complicated or perforated duodenal diverticulum is rare. Nonoperative management is attractive in selected patients, because of higher surgical complications. We suggest the use of a minimally invasive operative method as an alternative approach for the management of complicated duodenal diverticulum, especially when conservative treatment has failed...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Tassia Soraya Araujo Paixão, Renata Vidal Leão, Natally de Souza Maciel Rocha Horvat, Publio Cesar Cavalcante Viana, Claudia Da Costa Leite, Rodrigo Lautert de Azambuja, Rodrigo Sanford Damasceno, Cinthia Denise Ortega, Marcos Roberto de Menezes, Giovanni Guido Cerri
PURPOSE: The present article provides an overview of the spectrum of abdominal presentations of fishbone (FB) ingestion and its complications. METHODS: In image data from 9 patients, FB perforations were found in different levels of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), including duodenal, jejunal, and sigmoid perforations; in 4 asymptomatic patients, FBs were observed in the mesentery, falciform ligament, and intestinal bowel. RESULTS: The main imaging features of FB perforation were focal gastric or intestinal wall thickening, fat stranding, bowel obstruction, ascites, localized pneumoperitoneum, intra-abdominal abscess, liver abscess, and a linear hyperdense structure in the abdominal cavity in the GIT or within a parenchymal organ often surrounded by inflammatory changes...
October 8, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
Yaping Liu, Dong Wang, Zhaoshen Li
Objective. To investigate the therapeutic safety, feasibility, and efficacy of endoclips for closing the endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) related duodenal perforation in a retrospective study from a single center. Methods. Patients who developed EUS and ERCP related duodenal perforation between January 2012 and January 2015 were included in the study. All the cases underwent endoscopic closure by endoclips, and the efficacy, feasibility, and safety of this technique were evaluated...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Amaka Akalonu, Mona Yasrebi, Zarela Molle Rios
BACKGROUND Spontaneous gastric perforation is a rare clinical disorder. The majority of the available data have been reported in the neonatal age group. There are a few cases of spontaneous gastric perforation in preschool children. To our knowledge, there is no published information on spontaneous gastric perforation in older children and adolescents. CASE REPORT We describe the presentation and clinical course of two adolescent children who presented with spontaneous gastric perforation. Both children presented with acute onset abdominal pain, which progressively worsened...
2016: American Journal of Case Reports
Lars Nelson, Rena C Moon, Andre F Teixeira, Manoel Galvão, Almino Ramos, Muhammad A Jawad
Background: Single anastomosis duodeno-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S) was introduced into bariatric surgery by Sanchez-Pernaute et al. as an advancement of the biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch. Aim: To evaluate the SADI-S procedure with regard to weight loss, comorbidity resolution, and complication rate in the super obese population. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on initial 72 patients who underwent laparoscopic or robot-assisted laparoscopic SADI-S between December 17th, 2013 and July 29th, 2015...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Marco Milone, Michele Manigrasso, Katia Di Lauro, Benedetta Manzo, Francesco Maione, Francesco Milone, Giovanni D De Palma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Endoscopy
Emmanuel A Agaba, Tarunjeet Klair, Ojinika Ikedilo, Prathiba Vemulapalli
INTRODUCTION: The discovery of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) as the culprit in peptic ulcer disease (PUD) has revolutionized its management. Despite the presence of effective drug treatments and an increased understanding of its etiology, the percentage of patients who require emergent surgery for complicated disease remains constant at 7% of hospitalized patients. This study aims at reviewing the incidence of complicated PUD and analyze changes in surgical management. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2002 to September 2012, records of all patients with a clinical or radiologic diagnosis of perforated PUD were evaluated...
October 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Andrzej Ż Żyluk, Zbigniew Szlosser
Non-traumatic perforation of the digestive tract occurs most often in the duodenum and stomach (peptic ulcer), as well as the colon (diverticulitis, cancer or ischemic lesions). Perforation of the small bowel is very rare. The Authors of the study presented a case of proximal jejunum perforation, which occurred in a patient with a history of duodenal peptic ulcer disease. Diagnosis posed no difficulties, and treatment included the excision of the ulceration and suturing of the bowel. The patient recovered without complications and the histological examination failed to reveal the nature of the ulcer...
September 1, 2016: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
Keunmo Kim, Eun Bee Kim, Yong Hyeok Choi, Youngmin Oh, Joung-Ho Han, Seon Mee Park
Endoscopic closure techniques have been introduced for the repair of duodenal wall perforations that occur during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). We report a case of successful repair of a large duodenal wall perforation by using double endoscopic band ligation (EBL) and an endoclip. Lateral duodenal wall perforation occurred during ERCP in a 93-year-old woman with acute calculous cholangitis. We switched to a forward endoscope that had a transparent band apparatus. A 2.0-cm ovalshaped perforation was found at the lateral duodenal wall...
September 13, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
Mukesh Nasa, Zubin Dev Sharma, Narendra S Choudhary, Gaurav Patil, Rajesh Puri, Randhir Sud
INTRODUCTION: The over-the-scope clip (OTSC) has been successfully used in the closure of fistula, perforation, dehiscence, and endoscopic hemostasis. We describe our experience with the OTSC application. METHODS: Between April 2014 and April 2015, seven patients underwent OTSC application. In four patients, OTSC was applied for the closure of esophageal fistula, one had OTSC closure of persistent gastrocutaneous fistula after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy removal, and OTSC was applied in duodenum in two patients, for duodenal Dieulafoy's lesion after failed conventional endotherapy and massive rebleed in one and duodenal perforation in another...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
Michael H K Nguyen, Krista M Isaac, Rebecca Dougherty
Gastrointestinal perforations are a complication of 2-10% of duodenal ulcers. There are a variety of etiologies associated with duodenal ulcer formation and its complications. Corticosteroid use is associated with an increased risk of duodenal ulcer perforation, with the first documented case in 1950. Other important medications associated with perforation include NSAIDS and opioids. Beyond medication, one of the most common disease processes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), has been found to be associated with peptic ulcer disease...
2016: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Ferdinando Agresta, Fabio Cesare Campanile, Mauro Podda, Nicola Cillara, Graziano Pernazza, Valentina Giaccaglia, Luigi Ciccoritti, Giovanna Ioia, Stefano Mandalà, Camillo La Barbera, Arianna Birindelli, Massimo Sartelli, Salomone Di Saverio
BACKGROUND: Several authors have demonstrated the safety and feasibility of laparoscopy in selected cases of abdominal emergencies. The aim of the study was to analyse the current Italian practice on the use of laparoscopy in abdominal emergencies and to evaluate the impact of the 2012 national guidelines on the daily surgical activity. METHODS: Two surveys (42 closed-ended questions) on the use of laparoscopy in acute abdomen were conducted nationwide with an online questionnaire, respectively, before (2010) and after (2014) the national guidelines publication...
August 29, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Mika Ukkonen, Antti Siiki, Anne Antila, Tuula Tyrväinen, Juhani Sand, Johanna Laukkarinen
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a frequent procedure in elderly patients. AIMS: We aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of acute ERCP in older patients. METHODS: A prospectively managed, hospital-based registry containing all ERCP procedures and complications at a tertiary referral center was used to form the study population, which consisted of consecutive elderly (≥65 years) patients undergoing acute ERCP during the 5-year study period...
November 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Ken Ohata, Kouichi Nonaka, Eiji Sakai, Yohei Minato, Hitoshi Satodate, Kazuteru Watanabe, Nobuyuki Matsuhashi
Recently, laparoscopic and/or endoscopic full-thickness resection (FTR) has been reported to be a useful technique for the treatment of superficial duodenal neoplasms (SDNs). In the current study, we evaluated clinical outcomes in 5 consecutive patients who underwent resection of nonampullary SDNs using laparoscopy-assisted endoscopic full-thickness resection with ligation Device (LAEFTR-L), which is an alternative FTR method developed to avoid peritoneal dissemination. Using a snare technique with a ligation band, the duodenal lesions were easily resected...
July 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Udayakumar Navaneethan, Muhammad K Hasan, Vennisvasanth Lourdusamy, Xiang Zhu, Robert H Hawes, Shyam Varadarajulu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Data on the safety and efficacy of endoscopic resection of non-ampullary duodenal polyps are limited. This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) of sporadic non-ampullary duodenal polyps. METHODS: Relevant studies for the meta-analysis were identified through search of PUBMED and EMBASE databases. Studies employing EMR for the management of sporadic duodenal polyps in the non-ampullary region were included...
June 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Kengo Takimoto, Akeo Hagiwara
Many medical institutions in Japan perform endoscopic mucosal dissection (ESD) to treat early gastric cancer. Perforations can occur during ESD, and clipping has been reported as useful for treating small pinhole perforations. However, it is often difficult to close postoperative perforations because they usually have large diameters, and the muscle layer around the perforated region is often fragile, so additional open surgery is the only currently used method to treat large perforations and delayed perforations...
June 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Young Deok Cho, Sang Woo Cha
Tumors of the major duodenal papilla are being recognized more often because of the increased use of diagnostic upper endoscopy and ERCP. The standard of management for ampullary tumor is local surgical excision or pancreaticoduodenectomy, but these procedures are associated with significant mortality, as well as post-operative and long-term morbidity. Endoscopic snare papillectomy was introduced as an alternative to surgery, but post-procedure complications are serious drawback. The most serious complications are perforation, delayed bleeding and pancreatitis...
August 25, 2016: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
Tae Wook Kim, Gwang Ha Kim, Do Youn Park, Sangjeong Ahn, Won Lim, Bon Eun Lee, Geun Am Song
BACKGROUND: Subepithelial tumors (SETs) in the gastrointestinal tract are often incidentally found during endoscopic examinations. Although the utility and safety of endoscopic resection (ER) of SETs in the esophagus and stomach have been described, data about the ER of duodenal SETs remain scant. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes associated with the ER of duodenal SETs and to assess possible predictive factors for incomplete resection. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study of 62 patients (64 lesions) that underwent ER of duodenal SETs between June 2005 and December 2015 at the Pusan National University Hospital...
August 23, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
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