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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213679/gastroschisis-in-monochorionic-male-twins
#1
Wenbo Yan, Yeming Wu, Zhixiang Wu, Yiming Gong, Chengren Shi, Jun Wang
We report a case of gastroschisis in male twins. Both twins were preterm and low birth weight, with intestinal malrotation; they were diagnosed by antenatal ultrasound at 20 weeks of gestation. Immediately after delivery, they underwent evaluation and early surgical one-stage repair under anesthesia. One of the twins was found to have duodenal perforation at laparotomy, at the horizontal part near Treitz ligament. Both twins stayed in hospital for 30 days and were in good health at discharge.
February 17, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207574/laparoscopic-and-open-surgical-treatment-in-gastroduodenal-perforations-our-experience
#2
Rita Laforgia, Giovanni Balducci, Giuseppe Carbotta, Antonio Prestera, Maria Grazia Sederino, Giulia Casamassima, Marina Minafra, Pierluca Sallustio, Nicola Palasciano
INTRODUCTION: Peptic ulcer perforation (PPU) is a common surgical emergency and the mortality rate ranges 10% to 40%, especially in elderly patients. Laparoscopic repair achieved encouraging results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled patients performing surgical repair for PPU from January 2007 to December 2015 in our surgical unit. The aim of this retrospective observational study was to compare the results of PPU laparoscopic repair with open technique. The following characteristics of patients were evaluated: age, sex and American Society of Anesthesiologists classification...
February 15, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176200/simultaneous-occurrence-of-myocardial-infarction-and-duodenal-perforation
#3
Toshihiro Suga, Keita Oyama, Yuko Suga, Takashi Hatori, Kunihiko Imai, Younosuke Kitahara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173939/outcome-and-management-of-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-perforations-a-community-perspective
#4
Mallory S Bray, Andrew J Borgert, Milan E Folkers, Shanu N Kothari
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) carries a small but significant risk of perforation. Recent data suggest that select patients can be managed non-operatively. We sought to evaluate the management of ERCP perforations at our community medical center. METHODS: ERCPs performed from 2004 to 2015 were reviewed. RESULTS: Twenty-one of 2423 patients who underwent ERCP had a perforation (0.9%). ERCP procedures included balloon sweep with/without sphincterotomy and pancreatic duct stent (71%), common bile duct brushing (10%), and pancreatic duct stenting (5%)...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151720/biomarker-and-tumor-responses-of-oral-cavity-squamous-cell-carcinoma-to-trametinib-a-phase-ii-neoadjuvant-window-of-opportunity-clinical-trial
#5
Ravindra Uppaluri, Ashley E Winkler, Tianxiang Lin, Jonathan H Law, Bruce H Haughey, Brian Nussenbaum, Randal C Paniello, Jason T Rich, Jason A Diaz, Loren S Michel, Tanya Wildes, Gavin P Dunn, Paul Zolkind, Dorina Kallogjeri, Jay F Piccirillo, Farrokh Dehdashti, Barry A Siegel, Rebecca D Chernock, James S Lewis, Douglas R Adkins
PURPOSE: Ras/MEK/ERK pathway activation is common in oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC). We performed a neoadjuvant (pre-operative) trial to determine biomarker and tumor response of OCSCC to MEK inhibition with trametinib. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patients with Stage II-IV OCSCC received trametinib (2 mg/day, minimum 7 days) prior to surgery. Primary tumor specimens were obtained before and after trametinib to evaluate immunohistochemistry staining for p-ERK½ and CD44, the primary endpoint...
November 9, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150170/-duodenal-ulcers-gastric-ulcers-and-helicobacter-pylori
#6
Peter Dovjak
The mortality in elderly patients over the age of 80 years with peptic ulcers in the case of complications, such as bleeding and perforation is higher than in the general population. Duodenal ulcers are associated with Helicobacter pylori infections in 90% of cases and in 70% of gastric ulcers. The treatment of elderly patients is often difficult due to multimorbidity and polypharmacy and necessitates a geriatric approach. Ulcers are often caused by medication with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and acetylsalicylic acid...
February 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138365/triple-tube-drainage-for-difficult-gastroduodenal-perforations-a-prospective-study
#7
Nitin Agarwal, Nishant Kumar Malviya, Nikhil Gupta, Iqbal Singh, Sanjay Gupta
AIM: To prospectively study the outcome of difficult gastroduodenal perforations (GDPs) treated by triple tube drainage (TTD) in order to standardize the procedure. METHODS: Patients presenting to a single surgical unit of a tertiary hospital with difficult GDPs (large, unfavourable local and systemic factors) were treated with TTD (gastrostomy, duodenostomy and feeding jejunostomy). Postoperative parameters were observed like time to return of bowel sounds, time to start enteral feeds, time to start oral feeds, daily output of all drains, time to clamping/removal of all drains, time for skin to heal, complications, hospital stay, and, mortality...
January 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135728/successful-endoscopic-closure-of-iatrogenic-duodenal-perforation-with-the-new-padlock-clip
#8
Andrea Anderloni, Mario Bianchetti, Benedetto Mangiavillano, Alessandro Fugazza, Milena Di Leo, Silvia Carrara, Alessandro Repici
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133013/-assessment-of-endoscopic-resection-and-partial-duodenectomy-for-duodenal-mucosal-tumor
#9
Naoki Mimura, Hiroyoshi Matsukawa, Shigehiro Shiozaki, Daisuke Satoh, Hiroyuki Araki, Toshihiro Ogawa, Hitoshi Idani, Yasutomo Ojima, Masao Harano, Takashi Kanazawa, Yasuhiro Choda, Daisuke Sumitani, Michihiro Ishida, Soichiro Miyake, Masazumi Okajima, Motoki Ninomiya
INTRODUCTION: The risk of perforation following endoscopic resection is high. We analyzed the outcome of partial duodenectomy and discussed the therapeutic strategy for duodenal mucosal tumor(DMT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed 19 cases who have undergone endoscopic resection, and 11 cases who have undergone partial duodenectomy for DMT in our institute since 2007. We divided them into the first period(ESD actively indicated)and late period(ESD carefully indicated according to the alteration of indication of ESD for DMT in 2013)groups...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119948/successful-endoscopic-management-of-non-healing-perforated-duodenal-ulcer-with-polyglycolic-acid-sheet-and-fibrin-glue
#10
Tsuyoshi Mishiro, Kotaro Shibagaki, Kayo Matsuda, Chika Fukuyama, Mayumi Okada, Hironobu Mikami, Daisuke Izumi, Noritsugu Yamashita, Eiko Okimoto, Naoki Fukuda, Masahito Aimi, Nobuhiko Fukuba, Naoki Oshima, Toshihiro Takanashi, Takeshi Matsubara, Norihisa Ishimura, Shunji Ishihara, Yoshikazu Kinoshita
In recent years, treatment techniques in which polyglycolic acid sheets are applied to various situations with fibrin glue have exhibited great clinical potential, and previous studies have reported safety and efficacy. We describe closure of a non-healing perforated duodenal ulcer with the use of a polyglycolic acid sheet and fibrin glue in an elderly patient who was not a candidate for surgery.
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109015/a-single-centre-experience-of-roux-en-y-enteric-drainage-for-pancreas-transplantation
#11
Irum Amin, Andrew J Butler, Gail Defries, Neil K Russell, Simon J F Harper, Asif Jah, Kourosh Saeb-Parsy, Gavin J Pettigrew, Christopher J E Watson
Exocrine drainage following pancreas transplantation can be achieved by drainage into the bladder or bowel, the latter typically by direct duodeno-jejunostomy; the use of Roux-en-Y enteric drainage is uncommon. We report a retrospective analysis of a single centre experience of Roux-en-Y enteric drainage following pancreas transplantation. Over a 14-year period (2001- 2015), 204 consecutive adult pancreas transplants were performed (96.6% simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplants), of which 26.0% were from donors after circulatory death (DCD)...
January 21, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093861/laparoscopic-endoscopic-cooperative-surgery-for-a-duodenal-neuroendocrine-tumor-a-case-report
#12
Yoshinobu Nagasawa, Hiroshi Okauchi, Masatsugu Kojima, Hiroshi Setoyama, Masato Hasegawa, Hiroo Mizuta, Tomoyuki Tsujikawa, Masaji Tani, Yoshimasa Kurumi
For neuroendocrine tumor G1, local resection is one of the primary treatment options. Endoscopic submucosal dissection has been proven to ensure complete resection with sufficient margins. However, duodenal endoscopic submucosal dissection has a high risk of duodenal perforation because of the thin duodenal wall and poor endoscopic maneuverability. During laparoscopic dissection, suturing can resolve perforation. Therefore, laparoscopic-endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS) can ensure complete resection with a minimal margin to prevent stenosis, and suturing can resolve perforation...
January 17, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088944/gastroduodenal-artery-aneurysm-a-rare-complication-of-traumatic-pancreatic-injury
#13
Annu Babu, Amulya Rattan, Maneesh Singhal, Amit Gupta, Subodh Kumar
Aneurysm of gastroduodenal artery (GDA) is rare. Most reported cases are due to pancreatitis and atherosclerosis; however, those following pancreatic trauma have not been reported. We encoun- tered GDA aneurysm in a patient of blunt abdominal trauma, who had pancreatic contusion and retroduodenal air on contrast enhanced computed tomography of abdomen. Emergency laparotomy for suspected duodenal injury revealed duodenal wall and pancreatic head contusion, mild hemo- peritoneum and no evidence of duodenal perforation...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068696/closure-of-duodenal-ulcer-perforation-using-a-novel-endoloop-device-with-a-single-channel-gastroscope-after-failed-laparoscopic-repair
#14
Shu Huang, Sumin Zhu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062417/pulmonary-tuberculosis-presenting-as-post-operative-fever-of-unknown-origin
#15
Patrick Bogue, Mhairi Bolland, Peter How, Harrison Benziger
Post-operative fever is common following emergency surgery. Investigation and management of post-operative fever can be challenging when a clear source of sepsis is not evident or the underlying source of infection is not recognised. We herein report a case of secondary pulmonary tuberculosis presenting as post-operative fever following emergency laparotomy for a perforated duodenal ulcer. This case of tuberculosis was diagnosed on day 41 post-operatively and prior inconclusive results meant that we relied mainly on re-visiting history and examination in order to identify 3 targeted investigations: plain chest X-ray, sputum sample and blood test...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058023/laparoscopic-and-endoscopic-co-operative-surgery-for-non-ampullary-duodenal-tumors
#16
Daisuke Ichikawa, Shuhei Komatsu, Osamu Dohi, Yuji Naito, Toshiyuki Kosuga, Kazuhiro Kamada, Kazuma Okamoto, Yoshito Itoh, Eigo Otsuji
AIM: To assess the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic and endoscopic co-operative surgery (LECS) for early non-ampullary duodenal tumors. METHODS: Twelve patients with a non-ampullary duodenal tumor underwent LECS at our hospital. One patient had two mucosal lesions in the duodenum. The indication for this procedure was the presence of duodenal tumors with a low risk for lymph node metastasis. In particular, the tumors included small (less than 10 mm) submucosal tumors (SMT) and epithelial mucosal tumors, such as mucosal cancers or large mucosal adenomas with malignant suspicion...
December 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056333/-recommendation-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-induced-gastrointestinal-ulcers-and-its-complications
#17
(no author information available yet)
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a broad class of non glucocorticoid drugs which are extensively used in anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic therapies. However, NSAIDs may cause many side effects, most commonly in gastrointestinal(GI) tract. Cardiovascular system, kidney, liver, central nervous system and hematopoietic system are also involved. NSAID-induced GI side effects not only endanger the patients' health, increase mortality, but also greatly increase the cost of medical care...
January 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052275/endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-and-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-for-non-ampullary-superficial-duodenal-tumor
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Shu Hoteya, Tsukasa Furuhata, Toba Takahito, Yumiko Fukuma, Yugo Suzuki, Daisuke Kikuchi, Toshifumi Mitani, Akira Matsui, Satoshi Yamashita, Kosuke Nomura, Yasutaka Kuribayashi, Toshiro Iizuka, Mitsuru Kaise
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal resection (ESD) and endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) are well established as curable and safety procedures for treating superficial tumors of the stomach, esophagus and colon. However, a majority of endoscopic resection strategies for non-ampullary superficial duodenal tumors (NASDTs) remains undefined. The aim of this study was to clarify which was the right method for NASDT treatment - EMR or ESD. SUMMARY: We analyzed 129 consecutive endoscopic resection (74 ESD and 55 EMR) procedures performed with NADSTs and divided the ESD group into 49 large ESD groups (more than 20 mm in diameter) and 25 small ESD groups (less than 20 mm in diameter)...
2017: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050434/peritonitis-following-duodenal-ulcer-perforation-in-a-newborn-a-case-report
#19
Abdolhamid Amouei, Fatemeh Ehsani, Mojtaba Babaei Zarch, Seyed Mostafa Tabatabaei, Zahra Ghodratipour
Duodenal ulcer is an uncommon condition in children, that is why it is not usually considered as the differential diagnosis unless it presents with complications including perforation and haemorrhage. Moreover, duodenal ulcer perforation is an uncommon entity in paediatric age group. Early diagnosis and treatment is crucial in order to improve survival. A three-day-old male neonate was admitted to our hospital because of abdominal distension. The neonate was lethargic. He underwent laparotomy. There was a perforated ulcer, 5×5mm in size, on the anterior aspect of the first part of the duodenum...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044956/retained-common-bile-duct-lithiasis-at-a-pacient-with-periampullary-duodenal-diverticulum
#20
Ionuţ Simion Coman, Elena-Violeta Radu, Vasile Șandru, Ionuţ Cristinel Bârsan, Cristinel Dumitru Badiu, Gabriel Constantinescu, Valentin Titus Grigorean
Periampullary duodenal diverticula are associated with the presence of common bile duct stones, being encountered more frequently with the increase of age. We present the case of a 76 years old female patient, who underwents emergency surgery for a perforated lithiasic gangrenous acute cholecystitis and for whom we perform a cholecystectomy and an external biliary drainage using a transcystic tube. Both preoperative and postoperative imaging and endoscopic examinations certify the presence of a periampullary duodenal diverticulum...
November 2016: Chirurgia
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