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duodenal perforation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340827/single-incision-laparoscopic-hepaticojejunostomy-for-children-with-perforated-choledochal-cysts
#1
Mei Diao, Long Li, Wei Cheng
BACKGROUND: Conventionally, perforated choledochal cyst (CDC) is a contraindication of laparoscopic treatment. The current study is to evaluate efficacy of single-incision laparoscopic hepaticojejunostomy (SILH) in children with perforated CDCs. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-three children with perforated CDCs who underwent SILHs in our hospital between August 2011 and August 2017 were reviewed. RESULTS: Fifteen (11.3%) patients were converted to open procedures due to severe adhesions and oozing...
January 16, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338765/infantile-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-a-4-year-experience-from-two-tertiary-care-centres-in-cameroon
#2
Rene Ndongo, Paul Nkemtendong Tolefac, Faustin Félicien Mouafo Tambo, Matin Hongieh Abanda, Marcelin Ngowe Ngowe, Olivier Fola, Bonaventure Dzekem, Patrick Eroyl Weledji, Maurice Aurelien Sosso, Jacqueline Ze Minkande
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the clinical characteristics of patients with infantile hypertrophic stenosis, management and its outcome in two tertiary care centres in Cameroon. RESULTS: A total of 21 patients were included from the two centres. The mean age at presentation was 5.2 ± 1.2 weeks, predominantly male with a male-to-female ratio of 4.25:1. The triad of vomiting, visible peristalsis and palpable mass was present in only 7 (33.3%) of the participants...
January 16, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317270/clinical-outcome-of-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-of-sporadic-nonampullary-duodenal-adenoma-a-10-year-retrospective
#3
Yutaka Tomizawa, Gregory G Ginsberg
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Sporadic non-ampullary duodenal adenomas (SNADAs), although uncommon, pose clinical challenges. Because SNADAs have malignant potential, endoscopic or surgical resection is generally recommended. Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is increasingly used for resection of SNADAs, but large-scale data on natural history after EMR are scarce. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical outcome of EMR for SNADAs and the natural history after EMR from a large single-operator experience with dedicated follow-up...
January 6, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290913/retroperitoneal-epithelioid-sarcoma-a-case-report
#4
José A Coronado, Miguel Á Chávez, Martín A Manrique, Jony Cerna, Ana L Trejo
Epithelioid sarcoma (ES), a mesenchymatous malign neoformation, is often diagnosed in later stages and associated with high recurrence index, metastasis and mortality. We report a case of a 65 years old male, with history of abdominal pain and upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Endoscopy demonstrated a posterior duodenal wall perforation communicating with a solid retroperitoneal neoformation. Endoscopic biopsy was performed, with a final report of ES. The patient was submitted for surgical palliation due to the tumor's unresectability...
December 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282573/endoscopic-full-thickness-resection-of-gastric-and-duodenal-subepithelial-lesions-using-a-new-flat-based-over-the-scope-clip
#5
Wouter F W Kappelle, Yara Backes, Gerlof D Valk, Leon M G Moons, Frank P Vleggaar
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection of upper gastrointestinal (GI) subepithelial tumors (SETs) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. A new over-the-scope (OTS) clip can be used for endoscopic full-thickness resection (eFTR). We aimed to prospectively evaluate feasibility and safety of upper GI eFTR with a new, flat-based OTS clip. METHODS: Consecutive patients with a gastric or duodenal SET < 20 mm were prospectively included. After identification of the lesion, the clip was placed and lesions were resected...
December 27, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273999/distal-duodenogastrostomy-or-proximal-jejunogastrostomy-in-the-management-of-ultra-short-bowel
#6
Tjipke Olivier Hofker, Mirjam Anna Kaijser, Vincent B Nieuwenhuijs, Johan Frederick Michel Lange, Hendrik Sijbrand Hofker
Inflammatory bowel disease, vascular disease, volvulus, adhesions, or abdominal trauma may necessitate extensive small-bowel resection resulting in an ultra-short distal duodenal or jejunal stump. If this distal duodenal or short jejunal stump is too short for stoma creation and bowel continuity restoration is hazardous or not possible at all, a distal duodenogastrostomy or proximal jejunogastrostomy in combination with drainage of the stomach is an option to prevent stump leakage. Although successful, this distal duodenogastrostomy has been described only in very few patients and in older records...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251275/low-diagnostic-yield-of-transduodenal-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-biopsy-using-the-19-gauge-flex-needle-a-large-multicenter-prospective-study
#7
Fabia Attili, Carlo Fabbri, Ichiro Yasuda, Lorenzo Fuccio, Laurent Palazzo, Ilaria Tarantino, John Dewitt, Leonardo Frazzoni, Mihai Rimbaş, Alberto Larghi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous limited experiences have reported the 19-gauge flexible needle to be highly effective in performing endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle biopsy (EUS-FNB) for transduodenal lesions. We designed a large multicenter prospective study with the aim at evaluating the performance of this newly developed needle. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with solid lesions who needed to undergo EUS sampling from the duodenum were enrolled in 6 tertiary care referral centers...
November 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236933/intramural-duodenal-hematoma-secondary-to-pancreatitis-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
João Henrique Botto de Oliveira, Raiza Samenica Esper, Rodrigo Campos Ocariz, Flora Specian Sartori, Lucas Marcelo Dias Freire, Elinton Adami Chaim, Francisco Callejas-Neto, Everton Cazzo
CONTEXT: Spontaneous intramural duodenal hematoma is uncommon and is usually associated with coagulopathy, anticoagulant therapy and endoscopic procedures. The aim here was to describe a case of intramural duodenal hematoma caused by chronic exacerbation of pancreatitis. CASE REPORT: A 46-year-old male with chronic alcoholic pancreatitis was admitted to hospital due to abdominal pain, melena and low hemoglobin. An intramural duodenal hematoma with active bleeding was detected and selective angioembolization was warranted...
December 7, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222210/double-duodenal-perforation-following-foreign-body-ingestion
#9
Andrew W Gardner, Rami W Radwan, Miles C Allison, Rhodri J Codd
Intentional ingestion of a foreign body in adults is a rare clinical presentation. This case is one of a 27-year-old Sudanese man who presented having swallowed a ballpoint pen intentionally. Clinical examination and plain chest radiograph exhibited no signs indicative of perforation with only a raised C reactive protein identified on blood tests. Subsequent gastroscopy revealed that the pen had simultaneously perforated the duodenum at both D1 and D3 requiring removal via a laparotomy. The patient fully recovered and was discharged 2 weeks postoperatively following psychiatric input...
December 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216840/over-the-scope-clip-pre-mounted-onto-a-double-balloon-enteroscope-for-fast-and-successful-closure-of-post-emr-jejunal-perforation-case-report
#10
Flaminia Purchiaroni, Takeshi Nakajima, Taku Sakamoto, Seiichiro Abe, Yutaka Saito
BACKGROUND: Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a rare, autosomal dominant disease clinically characterized by the early onset of many adenomatous polyps throughout the colon, which turn into colon cancer, if left untreated. In FAP patients, polyps can also occur in the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract, especially in the duodenum. Adenomas beyond duodenum are rare and mostly located in the proximal jejunum and distal ileum. The management of such polyps can be either surgical or endoscopic, depending on the features of the polyp, Spigelman stage and patient's clinical conditions...
December 8, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205793/duodenal-graft-complications-requiring-duodenectomy-after-pancreas-and-pancreas-kidney-transplantation
#11
Erica Pieroni, Niccolò Napoli, Carlo Lombardo, Piero Marchetti, Margherita Occhipinti, Carla Cappelli, Davide Caramella, Giovanni Consani, Gabriella Amorese, Maurizio De Maria, Fabio Vistoli, Ugo Boggi
Duodenal graft complications are poorly reported complications of pancreas transplantation that can result in graft loss. Excluding patients with early graft failure, after a median follow-up period of 126 months (range 23-198) duodenectomy was required in 14 of 312 pancreas transplants (4.5%). All patients were insulin-independent at the time of diagnosis. Reasons for duodenectomy included delayed duodenal graft perforation (n=10, 71.5%) and refractory duodenal graft bleeding (n=4, 28.5%). In patients with duodenal graft bleeding, a total duodenectomy was performed...
December 4, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201469/perforated-duodenal-diverticulum-with-subtle-pneumoretroperitoneum-on-abdominal-x-ray
#12
Yuzeng Shen, Mark Kwok Fai Leong
Abdominal pain is one of the most common presenting complaints at the Emergency Department (ED). Given the myriad of possible differential diagnoses for abdominal pain, it becomes more important to diagnose conditions requiring emergent surgical intervention early. We present a case of an elderly male patient with abdominal pain secondary to perforated hollow viscus, subtle evidence of pneumoretroperitoneum on the initial supine abdominal X-ray, and review the signs of pneumoperitoneum and pneumoretroperitoneum on plain abdominal X-rays...
2017: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192371/management-of-horizontal-duodenal-perforation-a-report-of-three-cases-and-review-of-literature
#13
Pramod Nepal, Kosei Maemura, Yuko Mataki, Hiroshi Kurahara, Yota Kawasaki, Kiyokazu Hiwatashi, Satoshi Iino, Masahiko Sakoda, Takaaki Arigami, Sumiya Ishigami, Hiroyuki Shinchi, Shoji Natsugoe
BACKGROUND: Perforation of the horizontal duodenum is very rare due to the presence in retroperitoneal space. It depicts an unusual clinical picture and is difficult to diagnose, leading to increased morbidity and mortality. The treatment strategies are usually varied and based on small series of cases, literature reviews, and expert opinions. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we presented three cases of horizontal duodenal perforation in three different clinical processes...
December 1, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189961/feasibility-of-endoscopic-resection-using-bipolar-snare-for-nonampullary-duodenal-tumours-in-familial-adenomatous-polyposis-patients
#14
Kazuya Inoki, Takeshi Nakajima, Satoru Nonaka, Seiichiro Abe, Haruhisa Suzuki, Shigetaka Yoshinaga, Ichiro Oda, Masayoshi Yamada, Mizuki Takatsu, Hiroshi Yoshida, Hirokazu Taniguchi, Shigeki Sekine, Yuichiro Ohe, Yutaka Saito
The management of duodenal and colorectal tumours is important in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). Endoscopic resection (ER) should be carefully performed because the risk of complications during or after (ER) of nonampullary duodenal tumours is higher than that of stomach or colorectal lesions in general. Thus, we evaluated the feasibility of endoscopic resection using bipolar snare (ERB) for nonampullary duodenal tumours in FAP patients. Eleven FAP patients who underwent ERB for nonampullary duodenal tumours at our hospital between October 2013 and December 2016 were retrospectively analysed based on clinicopathological features...
November 30, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185407/duodenal-perforation-due-to-ingested-partial-denture
#15
Muhammad Siddiq, Ahmad Uzair Qureshi, Muhammad Shahid Farooq, Abrar Ashraf Ali
Ingestion of foreign bodies including dentures can be a cause of morbidity and mortality. We report a case of poor-fit denture in an elderly male with pulmonary and musculoskeletal comorbidities, who presented as an acute abdomen. The pin attached to the denture caused perforation of first part of duodenum. The only positive finding prior to surgery was a radiopaque density in the abdominal radiograph of the patient and air under the diaphragm. It is important for all the surgeons dealing with acute care patients to be aware of different designs and constructions of dentures...
December 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181825/a-primary-hepatic-gastrinoma-accompanied-by-hyperplasia-of-multi-nodular-brunner-s-glands
#16
Takaomi Hagi, Yohei Hosoda, Izumi Komoto, Shinji Uemoto, Susumu Hijioka, Yoshiro Taki, Kazuhiro Nishiyama, Masayuki Imamura
BACKGROUND: Primary hepatic gastrinoma causing severe ulcerogenic syndrome is extremely rare. Herein, we report a case of primary hepatic gastrinoma accompanied by hyperplasia of multi-nodular Brunner's glands in a patient who instead, preoperatively, was suspected of having multiple duodenal gastrinomas and hepatic metastasis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 57-year-old woman consulted a clinic complaining of melena, intermittent abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting which had persisted for about 3 years...
November 28, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178963/chloral-hydrate-enteral-infusion-for-sedation-in-ventilated-children-the-chosen-pilot-study
#17
Ari R Joffe, Jessica Hogan, Cathy Sheppard, Gerda Tawfik, Jonathan P Duff, Gonzalo Garcia Guerra
BACKGROUND: We aimed to test a novel method of delivery of chloral hydrate (CH) sedation in ventilated critically ill young children. METHODS: Children < 12 years old, within 72 hours of admission, who were ventilated, receiving enteral tube-feeds, with intermittent CH ordered were enrolled after signed consent. Patients received a CH loading-dose of 10 mg/kg enterally, then a syringe-pump enteral infusion at 5 mg/kg/hour, increasing to a maximum of 9 mg/kg/hour...
November 26, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170083/successful-repair-of-duodenal-perforation-with-endoscopic-vacuum-therapy
#18
Timothy Yoo, Linda A Hou, Sonya Reicher, Kathryn T Chen, Viktor E Eysselein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154910/endoscopic-string-clip-suturing-method-a-prospective-pilot-study-with-video
#19
Toshihiro Nishizawa, Teppei Akimoto, Toshio Uraoka, Yutaka Mitsunaga, Tadateru Maehata, Yasutoshi Ochiai, Ai Fujimoto, Osamu Goto, Takanori Kanai, Naohisa Yahagi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: We developed a suturing method with string and clips for a single-channel endoscope. The feasibility of string clip suturing method was evaluated in this prospective pilot study. METHODS: This study involved consecutive 10 patients who underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for duodenal tumor. Polyester string is tied to the arm part of partially outthrusted clip. Clip and string can be passed through an instrument channel (3.2 mm) of a single-channel endoscope...
November 15, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124126/safe-management-of-laparoscopic-endoscopic-cooperative-surgery-for-superficial-non-ampullary-duodenal-epithelial-tumors
#20
Yasunori Otowa, Shingo Kanaji, Yoshinori Morita, Satoshi Suzuki, Masashi Yamamoto, Yoshiko Matsuda, Takeru Matsuda, Taro Oshikiri, Tetsu Nakamura, Fumiaki Kawara, Shinwa Tanaka, Tsukasa Ishida, Takashi Toyonaga, Takeshi Azuma, Yoshihiro Kakeji
Background and study aims  Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for duodenal tumors results in a high delayed perforation rate due to the thinness of the duodenal wall. In most cases with perforation after duodenal ESD, additional surgery is needed due to severe peritonitis. A newly developed procedure, laparoscopic endoscopic cooperative surgery for duodenal tumors (D-LECS), may help to avoid perforation after ESD. In our institution, patients with superficial non-ampullary duodenal epithelial tumors (SNADET) smaller than 50 mm which could not have en-bloc resection by endoscopic mucosal resection were treated with D-LECS...
November 2017: Endoscopy International Open
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