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Obstetric gynaecology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635530/the-effect-of-voluntary-termination-of-pregnancy-on-female-sexual-and-emotional-well-being-in-different-age-groups
#1
Erika Limoncin, Angela D'Alfonso, Claudia Corallino, Vincenza Cofini, Giovanna Di Febbo, Giacomo Ciocca, Daniele Mollaioli, Felice Patacchiola, Emmanuele A Jannini, Gaspare Carta
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the impact of voluntary termination of pregnancy (VTOP) on the psycho-sexological well-being of females before/six months after the abortion. METHODS: A sample of 194 women was recruited from three obstetrics and gynaecological divisions. The women were evaluated for the variables "sexual functioning" with the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), "depression" with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), and "anxiety state" with the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) at time 0 (the beginning of the abortion procedure) and time 1 (six months after the abortion)...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625288/no-96-the-reproductive-care-of-women-living-with-hepatitis-c-infection
#2
Marc Boucher, Andrée Gruslin
OBJECTIVE: hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an increasingly important public health problem worldwide. Health care workers providing care to women of childbearing age are uniquely placed in their practices to identify a significant proportion of at-risk patients and to provide appropriate screening and counselling. The primary objective of this guideline is to provide accurate, current information to those offering reproductive care to women living with HCV. This document is also intended to raise awareness of HCV in both the medical and general populations...
July 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625284/gender-of-provider-barrier-to-immigrant-women-s-obstetrical-care-a-narrative-review
#3
REVIEW
Christa Aubrey, Radha Chari, B F Peter Mitchell, Zubia Mumtaz
OBJECTIVE: To explore the preference for female obstetrician/gynaecologists among immigrant women, and providers' understandings of these preferences, to identify challenges and potential solutions. METHODS: Five databases (Medline, Embase, CINAHL, Global Health, and Scopus) were searched using combinations of search terms related to immigrant, refugee, or Muslim women and obstetrics or gynaecological provider gender preference. STUDY SELECTION: Peer reviewed, English-language articles were included if they discussed either patient or provider perspectives of women's preference for female obstetrics or gynaecological care provider among immigrant women in Western and non-western settings...
July 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621050/maternal-morbidity-and-associated-factors-at-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-karachi-a-critical-analysis
#4
Haleema Akhter Hashmi, Sarwat Umer, Syed Ijlal Ahmed
AIM: The study was conducted to identify maternal morbidity and associated factors such intensive care unit admission and surgical intervention. METHODS: Pregnant and six-week post-partum women without any other comorbidy were recruited from January 2014 to December 2015 from the Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics at Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi. A structurally designed questionnaire was used to record demographic data and factors related to the management and intervention of maternal conclusions...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619038/the-experiences-of-women-with-maternal-near-miss-and-their-perception-of-quality-of-care-in-kelantan-malaysia-a-qualitative-study
#5
Mohd Noor Norhayati, Nik Hussain Nik Hazlina, Ab Razak Asrenee, Zaharah Sulaiman
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality has been the main way of ascertaining the outcome of maternal and obstetric care. However, maternal morbidities occur more frequently than maternal deaths; therefore, maternal near miss was suggested as a more useful indicator for the evaluation and improvement of maternal health services. Our study aimed to explore the experiences of women with maternal near miss and their perception of the quality of care in Kelantan, Malaysia. METHODS: A qualitative phenomenological approach with in-depth interview method was conducted in two tertiary hospitals in Kelantan, Malaysia...
June 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614029/attitudes-towards-attrition-among-uk-trainees-in-obstetrics-and-gynaecology
#6
Irene Gafson, Jane Currie, Sabrina O'Dwyer, Katherine Woolf, Ann Griffin
Physician dissatisfaction in the workplace has consequences for patient safety. Currently in the UK, 1 in 5 doctors who enter specialist training in obstetrics and gynaecology leave the programme before completion. Trainee attrition has implications for workforce planning, organization of health-care services and patient care. The authors conducted a survey of current trainees' and former trainees' views concerning attrition and 'peri-attrition' - a term coined to describe the trainee who has seriously considered leaving the specialty...
June 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604452/utility-and-actual-use-of-european-and-spanish-guidelines-on-the-management-of-endometrial-cancer-among-gynecologic-oncologists-in-spain
#7
Ignacio Zapardiel, Claudia Blancafort, David Cibula, Ibon Jaunarena, Mikel Gorostidi, Antonio Gil-Moreno, Javier De Santiago
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze the current management of endometrial cancer across Spain and to evaluate the use and applicability of the national and international guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic 30-question survey was distributed among all Spanish Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology-registered specialists dedicated to gynecologic oncology in Spain by e-mail. Data were collected anonymously and analyzed using SPSS program. RESULTS: One hundred forty-five (17...
June 10, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598117/-expression-level-of-membrane-associated-proteins-numb-in-epithelial-ovarian-carcinoma-and-its-relationship
#8
Hong Jing, Xiao-Yu Liu, Ya-Li Chen, Li-Ping Bai, Ai Zheng
OBJECTIVES: To explore the expression level of membrane-associated protein Numb in epithelial ovarian carcinoma and its relationship with ovarian cancer stem cell markers CD117,CD133,acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 1(ALDH1). METHODS: A total of 136 patients who had ovarian tumors and 22 patients who had not ovarian tumors in Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics,West China Second University Hospital,Sichuan University were chosen as the study subjects.According to the histopathologic examination results,they were divided into epithelial ovarian carcinoma group (n=92),ovarian borderline tumor group (n=23),ovarian benign tumor group (n=21) and normal ovary group (n=22)...
November 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595646/evaluation-of-obstetricians-surgical-decision-making-in-the-management-of-uterine-rupture
#9
Justus Ndulue Eze, Okechukwu Bonaventure Anozie, Osaheni Lucky Lawani, Emmanuel Okechukwu Ndukwe, Uzoma Maryrose Agwu, Johnson Akuma Obuna
BACKGROUND: Uterine rupture is an obstetric calamity with surgery as its management mainstay. Uterine repair without tubal ligation leaves a uterus that is more prone to repeat rupture while uterine repair with bilateral tubal ligation (BTL) or (sub)total hysterectomy predispose survivors to psychosocial problems like marital disharmony. This study aims to evaluate obstetricians' perspectives on surgical decision making in managing uterine rupture. METHODS: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study of obstetricians at the 46th annual scientific conference of Society of Gynaecology and Obstetrics of Nigeria in 2012...
June 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595593/specialty-preferences-among-medical-students-in-botswana
#10
Ambrose Rukewe, W A Abebe, A A Fatiregun, M Kgantshang
BACKGROUND: With the establishment of a new medical college in Botswana to train generalist-doctors and specialists, we set out to explore the career preferences of medical students, factors that influence their choices and attitude to local postgraduate training. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted among medical students in their third to fifth year, at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Botswana. The structured, self-administered questionnaires which were hand-delivered covered demographic characteristics of responders, career choices, preferred location of specialisation and factors that influenced the choices...
June 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593774/-two-years-of-pharmacological-termination-of-pregnancy-in%C3%A2-the-silesian-hospital-opava-success-and-lessons
#11
A Šefčíková, L Šimková, A Dörr
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to summarize our departments experience with pharmacological termination of pregnancy up to 49 days of amenorrhea, to assess the success, and especially, to offer a closer analysis of the complications of this method. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics at the Silesian Hospital. METHODS: The monitored sample consisted of 161 female patients who underwent pharmacological termination of pregnancy at our department from 1...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593431/prognostic-implication-of-the-metastatic-lesion-to-ovarian-cancer-standardised-uptake-value-ratio-in-advanced-serous-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#12
Hyun Hoon Chung, Maria Lee, Hee-Seung Kim, Jae-Weon Kim, Noh-Hyun Park, Yong Sang Song, Gi Jeong Cheon
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prognostic value of metabolic activity of metastatic lesions measured by (18)F-flurodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) uptake on preoperative positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in patients with advanced serous epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). METHODS: Clinico-pathological variables and PET/CT parameters such as the maximum standardised uptake value of the ovarian cancer (SUVovary), metastatic lesions (SUVmeta), and the metastatic lesion-to-ovarian cancer standardised uptake value ratio (SUVmeta/SUVovary) were assessed in International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage III, IV patients...
June 7, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588163/evaluation-of-pelvic-lymphadenectomy-during-radical-hysterectomy-for-cervical-cancer
#13
S Khatun, A Q Huda, S K Begum, J Ferdous
Cervical cancer is the most common cancer in women in developing countries comprising 20-30% of female cancer. More than 70% of cervical cancer patients of Bangladesh attend in hospital in inoperable stages (IIB, III & IV). Only 30% cases can be treated by primary surgery. This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted by Gynaecologic Oncology Division of the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Bangladesh from November 2011 to May 2012. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the number of pelvic lymph nodes removed, to determine the rate of pelvic lymph node involvement & also to evaluate the relationship between parametrial invasion and pelvic lymph node metastasis...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588158/helicobacter-pylori-stool-antigen-assay-in-hyperemesis-gravidarum
#14
S Kabir, R A Khanam, M S Basher, M S Azam, M A Hossain, T T Mirza, K A Banu, R K Karmoker
Hyperemesis gravidarum is the most severe form of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy that seriously affects the pregnancy outcome. It is a disease with unknown etiology and varieties of contributing factors like hormonal changes, psychological and immunological factors. A significantly high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori among pregnant women with Hyperemesis gravidarum has been revealed recently. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out at antenatal ward, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh for a period of twenty-one months among purposively selected thirty-six patients with Hyperemesis gravidarum with a view to assess the involvement of H...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586596/histological-pattern-of-endometrial-samples-in-postmenopausal-women-with-abnormal-uterine-bleeding
#15
Farhat Deeba, Shaista, Bushra Khan
OBJECTIVE: Abnormal uterine bleeding is one of the most common clinical problems in gynaecological practice and is an indicator of various underlying disorders. An endometrial biopsy should be done in all women over 35 years with AUB to rule out endometrial cancer or pre-malignant lesion and to initiate treatment. However, wide range of histological patterns on endometrial biopsy offer a diagnostic challenge to practicing pathologists. The objective of this study was to determine histological patterns of endometrium in postmenopausal women with abnormal uterine bleeding...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586580/impact-of-antenatal-corticosteroids-on-frequency-and-mortality-due-to-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-preterm-neonates
#16
Fazeela Shahzad, Naima Umar
OBJECTIVE: Prematurity is still a major problem for health care services throughout the world. Before the late 1980s, respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) was the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in preterm new-borns. Frequency of RDS and ensuing mortality in infants treated with antenatal steroid is less than those delivered without this therapy. Many pregnant females deliver before term or 37 weeks, hence may be advised this prophylactic therapy without creating significant maternal or foetal side effects...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585845/-carcinoid-of-the-appendix-during-pregnancy
#17
K Crha, M Novák, J Lenz
OBJECTIVE: Early diagnosis of the appendiceal carcinoid during first trimester of pregnancy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Merciful Brothers Hospital, Brno. METHODS: Own observation, review of literature. CONCLUSION: In case of unclear clinical or intraoperative finding, the appendectomy may reveal a serious disease. Thorough examination of the appendix should be a part of every gynaecological operation...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585844/-abdominal-pregnancy-at-a-patient-after-cesarean-section-bilateral-salpingectomy-and-embryotransfer
#18
E Suchánková, J Pavlásek, I Bydžovská, M Lubušký
OBJECTIVE: Presentation of rare complication following the assisted reproduction at a patient after cesarean section and bilateral salpingectomy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTINGS: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Regional Hospital Liberec, a. s.; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Palacky University Hospital, Olomouc. OBSERVATION: Pregnant woman, 26-years old, primiparous, with history of cesarean section and bilateral salpingectomy, was referred from the assisted reproduction centre to solve suspicion of molar intrauterine pregnancy...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585843/triple-pregnancy-with-mixed-chorionicity-following-in-vitro-fertilization-is-fetal-reduction-neccesary
#19
A Sobek, M Procházka, E Klásková, B Zbořilová, M Lubušký, A Sobek
OBJECTIVE: The increasing incidence and management of monozygotic twinning in patients undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) has been the subject of much debate. Here, we describe the management and outcome of two triple pregnancies with mixed chorionicity with a monochorionic-diamniotic twin pair and a singleton following the transfer of two embryos during IVF treatment. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Palacký University Hospital, Olomouc, Czech Republic...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584872/a-multi-centre-student-survey-on-weighing-disciplines-in-medical-curricula-a-pilot-study
#20
Hormos Salimi Dafsari, Stefan Herzig, Jan Matthes
Aim: Initiated by students, this pilot study examines how obtaining medical students' perspectives via a structured online survey may prove useful for curriculum deliberation. Methods: In 2012, 747 students of 32 medical faculties in Germany assessed disciplines specified in the Medical Licensure Act (AÄpprO) thereby concerning the allocation of teaching time, perceived usefulness regarding preparation for state examination and medical practice, their interest and motivation for studying as well as consideration for future work...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
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