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Ning Xu, Guofu Zhou, Xiaojuan Li, Heng Lu, Fanyun Meng, Huaqiang Zhai
A reliable and comprehensive method for identifying the origin and assessing the quality of Epimedium has been developed. The method is based on analysis of HPLC fingerprints, combined with similarity analysis, hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA), principal component analysis (PCA) and multi-ingredients quantitative analysis. Nineteen batches of Epimedium, collected from different areas in the western regions of China, were used to establish the fingerprints and 18 peaks were selected for the analysis. Similarity analysis, HCA and PCA all classified the 19 areas into three groups...
October 17, 2016: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
Zhineng Li, Shaohua Zeng, Yanbang Li, Mingyang Li, Erik Souer
Epimedium L. (Berberidaceae, Ranales), a perennial traditional Chinese medicinal herb, has become a new popular landscape plant for ground cover and pot culture in many countries based on its excellent ornamental characteristics and, distinctive and diverse floral morphology. However, little is known about the molecular genetics of flower development in Epimedium sagittatum. Here, we describe the characterization of EsSVP that encodes a protein sharing 68, 54, and 35% similarity with SVP, AGAMOUS-like 24 (AGL24) and SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS 1 (SOC1) in Arabidopsis, respectively...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Fubo Han, Ik-Soo Lee
A new prenylated flavonol glycoside (1) was isolated from a 95% methanol extract of the dried and powdered aerial parts of Epimedium koreanum Nakai (Herba Epimedii), along with seven previously known flavonoids (2-8). The chemical structure of the new compound (1) was established to be 5-hydroxy-4'-methoxy-8-(2-hydroxy-3-methyl-3-butenyl)flavone 3-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-7-O-β-D-gluco pyranoside on the basis of spectroscopic methods. The antioxidant activities of these compounds were determined by the DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) free radical scavenging assay and kaempferitrin (8) showed a high reactivity with DPPH...
October 3, 2016: Natural Product Research
Birgit M Dietz, Atieh Hajirahimkhan, Tareisha L Dunlap, Judy L Bolton
Botanical dietary supplements are increasingly popular for women's health, particularly for older women. The specific botanicals women take vary as a function of age. Younger women will use botanicals for urinary tract infections, especially Vaccinium macrocarpon (cranberry), where there is evidence for efficacy. Botanical dietary supplements for premenstrual syndrome (PMS) are less commonly used, and rigorous clinical trials have not been done. Some examples include Vitex agnus-castus (chasteberry), Angelica sinensis (dong quai), Viburnum opulus/prunifolium (cramp bark and black haw), and Zingiber officinale (ginger)...
October 2016: Pharmacological Reviews
Yunk-Yung Han, Mi-Young Song, Min-Sub Hwang, Ji-Hye Hwang, Yong-Ki Park, Hyo-Won Jung
Obesity is associated with a number of metabolic abnormalities such as type 2 diabetes and has become a major health problem worldwide. In the present study, we investigated the effects of Epimedium koreanum Nakai (Herba Epimedii, HE) and its main constituent icariin on the adipocyte differentiation in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. HE extract and icariin significantly reduced lipid accumulation and suppressed the expressions of PPARγ, C/EBPα, and SREBP-1c in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. They also inhibited fatty acid synthase (FAS), acyl-Co A synthase (ACS1), and perilipin...
September 2016: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
Tao Cheng, Tingting Sheng, Yaxiong Yi, Tong Zhang, Han Han
Icariin (ICA), the major constituent of Epimedium brevicornu Maxim, is recognized as an effective agent for the treatment of osteoporosis. In our previous report, the relatively short half-life (74min) and poor bioavailability (approximately 0.1%) of ICA in rats suggested that not only ICA itself but also its metabolites could be responsible for the observed osteoporosis treatment effect. Therefore, the present study aimed at identifying the metabolites of ICA in rat plasma, bile, urine, and feces after the administration of a single oral dose of ICA (150mg/kg)...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Zhen-Tao Mo, Wen-Na Li, Yu-Rong Zhai, Qi-Hai Gong
Icariin (ICA), an active component of Epimedium brevicornum Maxim, exerts a variety of neuroprotective effects such as antiapoptosis. However, the mechanisms underlying antiapoptosis of ICA in neurons exposed to oxygen-glucose deprivation and reperfusion (OGD/R) are unclear. The B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) protein family plays an important role in the regulation of apoptosis and autophagy through Bcl-2-dependent cross talk. Bcl-2 suppresses apoptosis by binding to Bax and inhibits autophagy by binding to Beclin-1 which is an autophagy related protein...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Jimeng Hu, Wenhui Zhu, Bingbing Wei, Hui Wen, Shanhua Mao, Hua Xu, Mengbo Hu, Tian Yang, Haowen Jiang
Human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2) and androgen receptor (AR) are critical factors for prostate cancer (PCa) progression. These factors regulate tumor cell survival and proliferation, and remain as crucial drivers of castration-resistant PCa progression. Icaritin (ICT) is a prenyl flavonoid derived from the Epimedium genus, which has many biological and pharmacological effects. Using androgen-sensitive human prostate carcinoma LNCaP cell lines, we found that 35 μg/ml of ICT could inhibit more than 50% of cell proliferation, induce cell apoptosis, and lead to a strong G1 phase arrest by targeting cyclin-related proteins and suppressing the ability of cell invasion...
November 2016: Anti-cancer Drugs
Wenjun Huang, A B M Khaldun, Jianjun Chen, Chanjuan Zhang, Haiyan Lv, Ling Yuan, Ying Wang
Flavonols as plant secondary metabolites with vital roles in plant development and defense against UV light, have been demonstrated to be the main bioactive components (BCs) in the genus Epimedium plants, several species of which are used as materials for Herba Epimedii, an important traditional Chinese medicine. The flavonol biosynthetic pathway genes had been already isolated from Epimedium sagittatum, but a R2R3-MYB transcription factor regulating the flavonol synthesis has not been functionally characterized so far in Epimedium plants...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Hui-Li Tan, Kok-Gan Chan, Priyia Pusparajah, Surasak Saokaew, Acharaporn Duangjai, Learn-Han Lee, Bey-Hing Goh
Epimedium (family Berberidaceae), commonly known as Horny Goat Weed or Yin Yang Huo, is commonly used as a tonic, aphrodisiac, anti-rheumatic and anti-cancer agent in traditional herbal formulations in Asian countries such as China, Japan, and Korea. The major bioactive compounds present within this plant include icariin, icaritin and icariside II. Although it is best known for its aphrodisiac properties, scientific and pharmacological studies suggest it possesses broad therapeutic capabilities, especially for enhancing reproductive function and osteoprotective, neuroprotective, cardioprotective, anti-inflammatory and immunoprotective effects...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Liming Xue, Yiping Jiang, Ting Han, Naidan Zhang, Luping Qin, Hailiang Xin, Qiaoyan Zhang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Icariin, a principal flavonoid glycoside of Epimedium brevicornu Maxim, has been widely proved to possess antiosteoporotic activity with promoting bone frormation and decreasing bone resorption. However, the involving mechanisms remain unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: To clear a global insight of signal pathways involved in anti-osteoporotic mechanism of icariin at proteins and metabolites level by integrating the proteomics and NMR metabonomics, in a systems biology approach...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Shuyong Wei
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder in which the death of brain cells leads to memory loss and cognitive decline. To reduce the death rate and improve the biological activity of neurocytes, neurotrophic factors (NTFs) exhibit therapeutic effect on AD. However, therapeutic application of exogenous NTFs in treatment of AD is largely limited due to short half-life, poor stability, etc. Various extracts of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) have been shown to exhibit therapeutic effects on AD, and some of these effects are associated with regulation on the expression of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and glial cell derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and their associated receptors...
July 14, 2016: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
Guang-sheng Liang, Wei-cai Chen, Chang-chang Yin, Ming Yin, Xue-qin Cao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of total flavonoids of Herba Epimedium (FHE) on BMP-2/RunX2/OSX signaling pathway in promoting osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). METHODS: Passage 3 BMSCs were randomly divided into the control group, the experimental group, and the inhibitor group. BMSCs in the control group were cultured in 0.2% dimethyl sulfoxide + Osteogenuxic Supplement (OS) fluid + DMEM/F12 culture media. BMSCs in the experimental group were intervened by 20 microg/mL FHE...
May 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
Nan Zong, Fei Li, Yuanyuan Deng, Jingshan Shi, Feng Jin, Qihai Gong
Excitotoxicity is one of the most extensively studied causes of neuronal death and plays an important role in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Icariin is a flavonoid component of a traditional Chinese medicine reported to possess a broad spectrum of pharmacological effects. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of icariin against learning and memory impairment induced by excitotoxicity. Here, we demonstrated that rats receiving intracerebroventricular injection of excitatory neurotoxin ibotenic acid exhibited impaired learning and memory...
October 15, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Shuang-Qing Zhang
Icaritin (ICT), a major component in herb Epimedium brevicornum Maxim., shows beneficial effects for the treatment of osteoporosis and various cancers, and is predominantly metabolized to glucuronidated icaritin (GICT). Although clinical trials of ICT have exhibited good safety and tolerance, the dynamic bioditributions of ICT and GICT have not been reported. In the present study, the chemical structure of GICT was firstly reported, and a reliable ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method (UHPLC-MS/MS) was firstly established for the simultaneous quantifications of ICT and GICT in rat tissues...
2016: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
Pan Yang, Yun-Qian Guan, Ya-Li Li, Li Zhang, Lan Zhang, Lin Li
Icariin (ICA), which is an essential bioactive component extracted from the herb Epimedium, possesses neuroprotective properties. The aim of the present study was to investigate the regulatory roles of ICA in cell proliferation and gene expression in human neural stem cells (NSCs) in vitro. Single cells were isolated from the corpus striatum of 16‑20‑week human fetuses obtained following spontaneous abortion. The cells were cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium/F12 complete medium and were characterized by immunostaining and cell differentiation assay...
August 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Ming-Chun Jiang, Xiao-Han Chen, Xia Zhao, Xue-Jie Zhang, Wen-Fang Chen
Icaritin, a natural derivative of Icariin, is the major bioactive component of Epimedium Genus. The present study tested the hypothesis that the neuroprotective effects of Icaritin against 1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP(+))-induced toxicity involved activation of the insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) signaling pathway in MES23.5 cells. Our results revealed that Icaritin pretreatment attenuated the MPP(+)-induced decrease of cell viability in a dose-dependent fashion. Co-pretreatment with phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K) inhibitor LY294002, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK) inhibitor PD98059 or IGF-1 receptor antagonist JB-1 could completely block the protective effects of Icaritin...
September 5, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
Yanxia Xiang, Ju Zhang, Haifeng Li, Qiangqiang Wang, Lingyun Xiao, Huandi Weng, Xiaobin Zhou, Chung Wah Ma, Fangli Ma, Minghua Hu, Zebo Huang
<i>Epimedium</i> has been traditionally used to treat a variety of medical conditions including neurological disorders. Here an acidic polysaccharide EbPS-A1 is isolated from <i>Epimedium brevicornum</i> and found to contain mainly galacturonic acid, galactose and rhamnose but also arabinose and glucuronic acid. Using <i>Caenorhabditis elegans</i> models, we show that EbPS-A1 is capable of inhibiting behavioral dysfunction mediated by polyglutamine, which is implicated in several neurodegenerative disorders such as Huntington's disease...
May 24, 2016: Rejuvenation Research
Chen Chao Wei, Dai Qi Ping, Fan Tian You, Chen Yong Qiang, Che Tao
BACKGROUND: Icariin (ICA) is an active compound extracted from Epimedium brevicornum Maxim. Previous reports have shown that icariin has a clinically significant therapeutic effect on rheumatoid arthritis. However, little is known about the mechanism by which icariin inhibits cartilage and bone degradation. METHODS: New Zealand rabbits were immunized with antigen-induced arthritis (AIA) and treated with icariin. Joint tissues from rabbits were studied by histological analysis, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and micro-CT...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Zhisheng Wei, Mengxia Wang, Mingfan Hong, Shengpeng Diao, Aiqun Liu, Yeqing Huang, Qingyun Yu, Zhongxing Peng
BACKGROUND: Estrogen exerts neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory effects in EAE and multiple sclerosis (MS), but its clinical application is hindered due to side effects and risk of tumor. Phytoestrogen structurally or functionally mimics estrogen with fewer side effects than endogenous estrogen. Icariin (ICA), an active component of Epimedium extracts, demonstrates estrogen-like neuroprotective effects. However, it is unclear whether ICA is effective in EAE and what are the underlying mechanisms...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
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