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Yanwu Hu, Haitao Li, Kai Liu, Yang Zhang, Liqun Ren, Zhimin Fan
Icariin belongs to the family of flavonoids that is extracted from Epimedium brevicornum Maxim, and exhibits antioxidative, antitumorigenic, antiosteoporotic, immunoregulatory and antiatherosclerotic properties. To understand the mechanisms underlying the antiatherosclerotic properties of icariin, the present study investigated the effects of icariin on human vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs) following treatment with oxidized low‑density lipoprotein (ox‑LDL). Thus, following pretreatment with icariin at four various concentrations (0, 10, 20 and 40 µM), HUVECs were stimulated with ox‑LDL (100 µg/ml)...
March 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Weiqing Qian, Yan Su, Yajie Zhang, Nianwei Yao, Nin Gu, Xu Zhang, Hong Yin
Osteoporosis is a serious public health problem and icariin (ICA) is the active component of the Epimedium sagittatum, a traditional Chinese medicinal herb. The present study aimed to investigate the effects and underlying mechanisms of ICA as a potential therapy for osteoporosis. Calvaria osteoblasts were isolated from newborn rats and treated with ICA. Cell viability, apoptosis, alkaline phosphatase activity and calcium deposition were analyzed. Bioinformatics analyses were performed to identify differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in response to ICA treatment...
March 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Maryam Bahrami, Ali Valiani, Noushin Amirpour, Mohammad Zamani Ra Rani, Batool Hashemibeni
Background: Nowadays, cartilage tissue engineering is the best candidate for regeneration of cartilage defects. This study evaluates the function of herbal extracts icariin (ICA), the major pharmacological constituent of herba Epimedium , compared with transforming growth factor β3 (TGFβ3) to prove its potential effect for cartilage tissue engineering. Materials and Methods: ICA, TGFβ3, and TGFβ3 + ICA were added fibrin-cell constructions derived from adipose tissue stem cells...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Hui Zhang, Khalid Mehmood, Kun Li, Mujeeb U Rehman, Xiong Jiang, Shucheng Huang, Lei Wang, Lihong Zhang, Xiaole Tong, Fazul Nabi, Wangyuan Yao, Muhammad K Iqbal, Muhammad Shahzad, Jiakui Li
Tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) is main bone problem in fast growing poultry birds that effect proximal growth plate (GP) of tibia bone. TD is broadly defined as non-vascularized and non-mineralized, and enlarged GP with tibia bone deformation and lameness. Icariin ( Epimedium sagittatum ) is a traditional Chinese medicine, which is commonly practiced in the treatment of various bone diseases. Recently, many researcher reports about the beneficial effects of icariin in relation to various types of bone conditions but no report is available about promoting effect of icariin against TD...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Kun Zhang, Liang-Chen Niu, Fu-Jie Yuan, Shen-Peng Liu
Traditional Chinese medicine is widely used in the treatment of fractures, osteoporosis, other bone related diseases for thousands of years. There are many animal experiments and clinical trials demonstrating that the traditional Chinese medicine such as epimedium, Drynaria and other traditional Chinese medicine can stimulate bone regeneration and inhibit bone resorption, accelerating the fracture healing. In recent years many cell experiments have shown that these herbal ingredients up-regulated the expression of intracellular osteogenic transcription factors and osteogenic related genes, and then induced osteoblastic differentiation and stimulated the proliferation of osteoblasts, bone nodule formation and matrix mineralization...
August 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Xiao-Lin Shi, Bo-Cheng Liang, Peng Wu, Bo Wang, Zhen-Yu Shi, Ling-Cheng Kong, Jian-Liang Yao, Jun-Jun Huang, Chun-Wen Li
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects and related mechanisms of total flavone of epimedium treatment(TFE)on primary callus for mation in ovariectomized rats. METHODS: Forty male SD rats weighted from 209 to 246 g and aged 6 to 8 weeks were selected. Six weeks after ovariectomy a femur fracture model with middiaphyseal segment fracture was established, estimated and randomly divided into TFE group (150 mg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹) and control group(received saline). HE staining was used to evaluate the morphologic difference of primary callus during the bone callus healing between these two groups...
August 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Yani Guo, Xiufeng Wang, Jing Gao
In this study, epimedin A-, B- and C- and icariin-rich extracts were simultaneously prepared from Epimedium brevicornu Maxim (E. brevicornu) through a convenient four-stage process consisting of solvent extraction, macroporous resin column pre-concentration, extraction fractionation and reversed-phase (RP)-silica gel column chromatography. Single factor experiments and response surface methodology (RSM) were used to optimize the preparation conditions. In the final products, the purity of epimedin A, B and C and icariin were 23...
February 16, 2018: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Ji Yun Jung, Sang Mi Park, Hae Li Ko, Jong Rok Lee, Chung A Park, Sung Hui Byun, Sae Kwang Ku, Il Je Cho, Sang Chan Kim
Oxidative stress induced by reactive oxygen species is the main cause of various liver diseases. This study investigated the hepatoprotective effect of Epimedium koreanum Nakai water extract (EKE) against arachidonic acid (AA)[Formula: see text]+[Formula: see text]iron-mediated cytotoxicity in HepG2 cells and carbon tetrachloride (CCl4-)-mediated acute liver injury in mice. Pretreatment with EKE (30 and 100μg/mL) significantly inhibited AA[Formula: see text]+[Formula: see text]iron-mediated cytotoxicity in HepG2 cells by preventing changes in the expression of cleaved caspase-3 and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Xiao-Yue Wang, Qiu-Mei Quan, Bo Wang, Yun-Xiang Li, Shuang-Quan Huang
Flower color polymorphism is relatively uncommon in natural flowering plants, suggesting that maintenance of different color morphs within populations is difficult. To address the selective mechanisms shaping pollen-color dimorphism, pollinator preferences and reproductive performance were studied over three years in Epimedium pubescens in which some populations had plants with either green or yellow pollen (and anthers). Visitation rate and pollen removal and receipt by the bee pollinator (Andrena emeishanica) did not differ between the two color morphs...
February 5, 2018: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
Xiaoyan Pan, Xiyan Wang, Xuenan Wang, Wansheng Zhang, Zhanxuan Sun, Xuanxuan Liang, Xue Zhang, Wenjun Li, Zhixin Li
The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential protective effects of new Wenshen Shengjing Decoction (new WSSJD; including Cornu Cervi Nippon Parvum, Panax ginseng, Cynomorium songaricum, Cistanche deserticola, Radix Astragali, Epimedium brevicornum and Angelica sinensis) on cyclosporine-induced impairment of testosterone synthesis and spermatogenic apoptosis in mice. A total of 90 adult male Kunming mice were divided into the following 6 groups: Control (no intervention), dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO; received only DMSO), cyclosporine A (CsA), clomifene citrate (CC; CsA + CC, 15 mg/kg/day), WSSJD (CsA + WSSJD, crude drug 12 g/kg/day) and new WSSJD (CsA + new WSSJD, crude drug 12 g/kg/day)...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Yun-Feng Zhang, Bao-Lin Guo, Xiang-Bo Yang, Li Li, Zhi-Hai Jiang, Yu-Min Mo
Nitrogen nutrition divided into concentrations and forms for Epimedium pseudowushanense was studied under hydroponic conditions. There were 7 nitrogen concentrations treatments(N0-N6)which nitrogen concentration was 0, 2.5, 5.0, 7.5, 10.0, 13.0 mmol•L⁻¹, respectively, and 5 nitrogen forms and proportions treatments (T1-T5) which NO3-N/NH4-N was 5∶0, 4∶1, 2.5∶2.5, 1∶4, 0∶5 respectively, the total nitrogen applied was 5 mmol•L⁻¹. The results showed that along with the increase of nitrogen concentration, biomass (dry weight) and leaf dry weight increased, which in N5 treatment was 29%, 23% higher than those in N0 and 36%, 23% higher than those in N4 respectively, but not significantly different from N6 treatment...
December 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Yibo Li, Xue Li, Allison Cole, Sarah McLaughlin, Wei Du
Icraiin (ICA) is a flavonoid glucoside derived from the Epimedium plant genus, which has potent regenerative properties and is used in western medicine to treat impotence. Recently, ICA has generated great interest in improving hepatic stellate cell function and cardiac rejuvenation. However, how this natural component functions in hematopoiesis remains unexplored. Here we have examined the role of ICA on hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) using the cancer-prone disease model of Fanconi anemia (FA), an inherited bone marrow failure syndrome with extremely high risk of leukemic predisposition...
January 22, 2018: Cell Cycle
Fu-Cai Ren, Xian-Jun Jiang, Shi-Zhen Wen, Li-Xia Wang, Xiang-Mei Li, Fei Wang
Six hitherto unknown prenylated 2-phenoxychromones, epimedonin G (1), 7-O-methylepimedonin G (2), and epimedonins H-K (3-6), and two new prenylflavonoids, epimedonin L (7) and 3″-O-desmethylspinorhamnoside (8), were isolated from an ethanol extract of the aerial parts of Epimedium brevicornum. Their structures were established on the basis of spectroscopic data interpretation. Compound 7 exhibited cytotoxic activity when evaluated against four human cancer cell lines (HL-60, A-549, MCF-7, and SW-480), with IC50 values of <10 μM...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Natural Products
Zifei Qin, Shishi Li, Zhihong Yao, Xiaodan Hong, Baojian Wu, Kristopher W Krausz, Frank J Gonzalez, Hao Gao, Xinsheng Yao
Active efflux transport of glucuronides out of cells is a critical process in elimination of drugs and food-derived compounds. Wushanicaritin, a natural polyphenol from Epimedium species, has shown many biological activities. However, the transporters responsible for excretion of wushanicaritin glucuronides still remain undefined. Herein, chemical inhibitors (Ko143, MK571, dipyridamole and leukotriene C4) and single stable knocked-down efflux transporters (BCRP, MRP1, MRP3 and MRP4) were used to determine the contributions of efflux transporters to glucuronide efflux and cellular glucuronidation in UGT1A1-overexpressing HeLa cells (HeLa1A1)...
January 10, 2018: Food & Function
Xianjun Sun, Xiaohong Deng, Waijiao Cai, Wenwei Li, Ziyin Shen, Tinghui Jiang, Jianhua Huang
AIMS: Icariin (ICA) is a flavonoid isolated from certain plant species in the genus Epimedium, especially Epimedium brevicornum. Previous studies indicated that ICA has certain regulatory effects on some inflammatory diseases, and that ICA regulates the activity of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and NF-κB. But the causal link between GR and NF-κB and other downstream pathways in effects of ICA remained elusive, therefore here we have investigated whether ICA could promote GR function, in turn, to regulate NF-κB and/or other factors to achieve its anti-inflammatory effect...
January 6, 2018: Life Sciences
Lu Yang, Chaosheng Peng, Jing Xia, Wenluo Zhang, Li Tian, Yuhong Tian, Xiaobin Yang, Yuean Cao
Icariside II is a flavonoid extracted from Epimedium that has antioxidant, anti‑inflammatory and antiapoptotic effects. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects icariside II on diabetic cardiomyopathy in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Icariside II treatment improved body weight, heart/body weight ratio and fasting blood glucose in diabetic model rats. Icariside II was demonstrated to reduce the expression levels of creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase in serum, and to lower cardiac oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis levels in diabetic rats...
December 22, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Xiangyu Deng, Wei Wu, Hang Liang, Donghua Huang, Doudou Jing, Dong Zheng, Zengwu Shao
Purpose: To explore the effect and possible mechanism of icariin, a prenylated flavonol glycoside derived from the Chinese herb Epimedium sagittatum that was applied to IL-1β pretreated human nucleus pulposus (NP) cells. Methods: Human NP cells were isolated from intervertebral discs of patients with scoliosis and lumbar spondylolisthesis. The cells were divided into five groups: A (blank control); B (20 ng/ml IL-1β); C (20 ng/ml IL-1β + 20 μM icariin); D (20 μM icariin + 20 ng/ml IL-1β + 25 μM LY294002); E (20 ng/ml IL-1β + 25 μM LY294002)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Dan Wang, Wenjuan Xu, Xiaoyu Chen, Jichun Han, Lina Yu, Caixia Gao, Wenjin Hao, Xiaona Liu, Qiusheng Zheng, Defang Li
Icariin (ICA) is a major component isolated from Epimedium brevicornum. Emerging evidence shows that ICA can inhibit tumor cell proliferation, invasion and migration. However, the anti-cancer effect of ICA on B16 cells has not been fully investigated. Here we found that the proliferation of B16 cells was inhibited by ICA in a concentration- and time-dependent manner, and the colony formation of B16 cells was also inhibited by ICA in a concentration-dependent manner. Further study showed that the melanin content was increased and the tyrosinase (Tyr) activity was enhanced after ICA treatment in B16 cells...
November 21, 2017: Oncotarget
Yuqing Zeng, Dingyan Bi, Zhan Yi, Jianwei Lu, Fuhua Zhong, Binfeng Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical efficacy and partial mechanism of medicinal-cake-separated moxibustion for senile osteoporosis. METHODS: Sixty cases of senile osteoporosis were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group according to the random digits table, 30 cases in each one. The two groups were both treated with basic treatment of western medicine. The acupoints included four groups:① Dazhui (GV 14), Dazhu (BL 11) and Ganshu (BL 18); ② Zhongwan (CV 12), Danzhong (CV 17) and Zusanli (ST 36); ③ Pishu (BL 20), Shenshu (BL 23) and Mingmen (GV 4); ④ Shenque (CV 8) and Guanyuan (CV 4)...
May 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Xinguang Sun, Qi Li, Jie Zhang, Wei Zheng, Qianzhi Ding, Jie Yang, Bei Wang, Jie Wang, Baolin Guo, Baiping Ma
Icariin (ICA), a major flavonoid responsible for the pharmacological actions of Herba Epimedii, was found to be increased significantly after the heating process. The increase of ICA was considered to be due to the transformation of other flavonoids, in particular, epimedin (EPI) A-C. This novel study demonstrated that the increase of ICA in Epimedium. koreanum was induced mainly through the conversion of 3'''-carbonyl-2''-β-l-quinovosyl icariin (CQICA) by deglycosylation during the heating process. Furthermore, the comparative analysis of the changes of CQICA and ICA in four raw Epimedium species (EPs) designated in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia revealed that the increase of ICA during the heating process was associated with the presence of CQICA in EPs...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
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