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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916587/genetic-toxicity-of-epimedium-koreanum-nakai
#1
Youn-Hwan Hwang, Hey Jin Yang, Nam-Hui Yim, Jin Yeul Ma
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In Eastern Asia, E. koreanum Nakai (EKN) has traditionally been used as an aphrodisiac herbal medicine. However, there was no available information for its genotoxicity. This study was conducted to evaluate the genotoxic potentials of EKN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The phytochemicals of EKN were identified using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). Three standard battery of genotoxicity assay for bacterial reverse mutation, mammalian chromosomal aberration and in vivo micronuclei formation was employed...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895755/inhibitory-effects-of-chinese-nutritional-herbs-in-isogenic-breast-carcinoma-cells-with-modulated-estrogen-receptor-function
#2
Nitin Telang, Guo Li, Meena Katdare, Daniel Sepkovic, Leon Bradlow, George Wong
In estrogen receptor (ER)+ MCF-7 cells, ER represents a ligand-activated transcription factor, and 17β-estradiol (E2) represents its physiological ligand. Maintenance of the human breast carcinoma-derived MCF-7 cells with 0.7% serum selected a proliferative sub-population of E2-responsive cells with transiently non-functional ER due to limited availability of E2. Culture of MCF-7 cells in the presence of either 0.7% serum, <1 nM E2 or 0.7% serum + 20 nM E2 selected isogenic cells with either non-functional ER (ER-NF) or functional ER (ER-F) phenotype...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879670/the-protective-effects-of-icariin-against-the-homocysteine-induced-neurotoxicity-in-the-primary-embryonic-cultures-of-rat-cortical-neurons
#3
Xiao-Ang Li, Yuen-Shan Ho, Lei Chen, W L Wendy Hsiao
Icariin, an ingredient in the medicinal herb Epimedium brevicornum Maxim (EbM), has been considered as a potential therapeutic agent for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Hyperhomocysteinaemia is a risk factor for AD and other associated neurological diseases. In this study we aim to investigate whether icariin can reverse homocysteine (Hcy)-induced neurotoxicity in primary embryonic cultures of rat cortical neurons. Our findings demonstrated that icariin might be able restore the cytoskeleton network damaged by Hcy through the modulation of acetyl-α-tubulin, tyrosinated-α-tubulin, and phosphorylation of the tubulin-binding protein Tau...
November 22, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848250/pharmacological-effects-of-active-components-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-in-the-treatment-of-alzheimer-s-disease-a-review
#4
Zhi-Yong Wang, Jian-Gang Liu, Hao Li, Hui-Ming Yang
Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common neurodegenerative disorder associated with dementia, not only severely decreases the quality of life for its victims, but also brings a heavy economic burden to the family and society. Unfortunately, few chemical drugs designed for clinical applications have reached the expected preventive or therapeutic effect so far, and combined with their significant side-effects, there is therefore an urgent need for new strategies to be developed for AD treatment. Traditional Chinese Medicine has accumulated many experiences in the treatment of dementia during thousands of years of practice; modern pharmacological studies have confirmed the therapeutic effects of many active components derived from Chinese herbal medicines (CHM)...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827937/effects-of-light-intensity-on-the-growth-photosynthetic-characteristics-and-flavonoid-content-of-epimedium-pseudowushanense-b-l-guo
#5
Junqian Pan, Baolin Guo
Epimedium pseudowushanense B.L.Guo is used in traditional medicine as an aphrodisiac and to strengthen muscles and bones. Several recent reports have shown that flavonoids from Epimedium also significantly affect the treatment of breast cancer, liver cancer, and leukemia. However, few studies have examined the medicinal-ingredient yield of Epimedium, a light-demanding shade herb, under different light intensities. To investigate the effects of light intensity on medicinal-ingredient yields, Epimedium was exposed to five levels of light intensity until harvest time...
November 4, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810280/-1-h-nmr-based-metabonomic-study-on-the-effects-of-epimedium-on-glucocorticoid-induced-osteoporosis
#6
Sina Pan, Ali Chen, Zhihui Han, Yaling Wang, Xin Lu, Yongxia Yang
Glucocorticoids are widely used in clinical practice for the treatment of many immune-mediated and inflammatory diseases, and glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIO) is the most common type of secondary osteoporosis. Epimedium is one of the most commonly used traditional Chinese medicines for treating osteoporosis. In the present study, we systematically analysed the metabonomic characteristics of GIO model rats and elucidated the therapeutic effect of Epimedium by using a (1)H NMR-based metabonomic approach in conjunction with multivariate data analysis...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778023/icariin-protects-against-mpp-induced-neurotoxicity-in-mes23-5-cells
#7
Ai-Li Xu, Ming-Chun Jiang, Xiao-Han Chen, Wen-Fang Chen
Icariin is the major bioactive component of Epimedium and has been demonstrated to be a potential drug for age-related diseases. The present study was aimed to investigate the neuroprotective properties of icariin against 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP(+))-induced neurotoxicity in MES23.5 cells and the possible mechanisms. MTT assay showed that treatment with MPP(+) attenuated the cell viability in a dose-dependent manner in MES23.5 cells. Icariin pretreatment resulted in an enhancement of survival. Immunocytochemistry analysis revealed that icariin treatment attenuated MPP(+)-induced loss of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) positive cells...
October 25, 2016: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748966/geographical-classification-of-epimedium-based-on-hplc-fingerprint-analysis-combined-with-multi-ingredients-quantitative-analysis
#8
Ning Xu, Guofu Zhou, Xiaojuan Li, Heng Lu, Fanyun Meng, Huaqiang Zhai
A reliable and comprehensive method for identifying the origin and assessing the quality of Epimedium has been developed. The method is based on analysis of HPLC fingerprints, combined with similarity analysis, hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA), principal component analysis (PCA) and multi-ingredients quantitative analysis. Nineteen batches of Epimedium, collected from different areas in the western regions of China, were used to establish the fingerprints and 18 peaks were selected for the analysis. Similarity analysis, HCA and PCA all classified the 19 areas into three groups...
October 17, 2016: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733858/leaf-like-sepals-induced-by-ectopic-expression-of-a-short-vegetative-phase-svp-like-mads-box-gene-from-the-basal-eudicot-epimedium-sagittatum
#9
Zhineng Li, Shaohua Zeng, Yanbang Li, Mingyang Li, Erik Souer
Epimedium L. (Berberidaceae, Ranales), a perennial traditional Chinese medicinal herb, has become a new popular landscape plant for ground cover and pot culture in many countries based on its excellent ornamental characteristics and, distinctive and diverse floral morphology. However, little is known about the molecular genetics of flower development in Epimedium sagittatum. Here, we describe the characterization of EsSVP that encodes a protein sharing 68, 54, and 35% similarity with SVP, AGAMOUS-like 24 (AGL24) and SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS 1 (SOC1) in Arabidopsis, respectively...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690633/a-new-flavonol-glycoside-from-the-aerial-parts-of-epimedium-koreanum-nakai
#10
Fubo Han, Ik-Soo Lee
A new prenylated flavonol glycoside (1) was isolated from a 95% methanol extract of the dried and powdered aerial parts of Epimedium koreanum Nakai (Herba Epimedii), along with seven previously known flavonoids (2-8). The chemical structure of the new compound (1) was established to be 5-hydroxy-4'-methoxy-8-(2-hydroxy-3-methyl-3-butenyl)flavone 3-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-7-O-β-D-gluco pyranoside on the basis of spectroscopic methods. The antioxidant activities of these compounds were determined by the DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) free radical scavenging assay and kaempferitrin (8) showed a high reactivity with DPPH...
October 3, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677719/botanicals-and-their-bioactive-phytochemicals-for-women-s-health
#11
Birgit M Dietz, Atieh Hajirahimkhan, Tareisha L Dunlap, Judy L Bolton
Botanical dietary supplements are increasingly popular for women's health, particularly for older women. The specific botanicals women take vary as a function of age. Younger women will use botanicals for urinary tract infections, especially Vaccinium macrocarpon (cranberry), where there is evidence for efficacy. Botanical dietary supplements for premenstrual syndrome (PMS) are less commonly used, and rigorous clinical trials have not been done. Some examples include Vitex agnus-castus (chasteberry), Angelica sinensis (dong quai), Viburnum opulus/prunifolium (cramp bark and black haw), and Zingiber officinale (ginger)...
October 2016: Pharmacological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667512/epimedium-koreanum-nakai-and-its-main-constituent-icariin-suppress-lipid-accumulation-during-adipocyte-differentiation-of-3t3-l1-preadipocytes
#12
Yunk-Yung Han, Mi-Young Song, Min-Sub Hwang, Ji-Hye Hwang, Yong-Ki Park, Hyo-Won Jung
Obesity is associated with a number of metabolic abnormalities such as type 2 diabetes and has become a major health problem worldwide. In the present study, we investigated the effects of Epimedium koreanum Nakai (Herba Epimedii, HE) and its main constituent icariin on the adipocyte differentiation in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. HE extract and icariin significantly reduced lipid accumulation and suppressed the expressions of PPARγ, C/EBPα, and SREBP-1c in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. They also inhibited fatty acid synthase (FAS), acyl-Co A synthase (ACS1), and perilipin...
September 2016: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620672/metabolism-profiles-of-icariin-in-rats-using-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-quadrupole-time-of-flight-tandem-mass-spectrometry-and-in-vitro-enzymatic-study
#13
Tao Cheng, Tingting Sheng, Yaxiong Yi, Tong Zhang, Han Han
Icariin (ICA), the major constituent of Epimedium brevicornu Maxim, is recognized as an effective agent for the treatment of osteoporosis. In our previous report, the relatively short half-life (74min) and poor bioavailability (approximately 0.1%) of ICA in rats suggested that not only ICA itself but also its metabolites could be responsible for the observed osteoporosis treatment effect. Therefore, the present study aimed at identifying the metabolites of ICA in rat plasma, bile, urine, and feces after the administration of a single oral dose of ICA (150mg/kg)...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610184/icariin-attenuates-ogd-r-induced-autophagy-via-bcl-2-dependent-cross-talk-between-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-pc12-cells
#14
Zhen-Tao Mo, Wen-Na Li, Yu-Rong Zhai, Qi-Hai Gong
Icariin (ICA), an active component of Epimedium brevicornum Maxim, exerts a variety of neuroprotective effects such as antiapoptosis. However, the mechanisms underlying antiapoptosis of ICA in neurons exposed to oxygen-glucose deprivation and reperfusion (OGD/R) are unclear. The B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) protein family plays an important role in the regulation of apoptosis and autophagy through Bcl-2-dependent cross talk. Bcl-2 suppresses apoptosis by binding to Bax and inhibits autophagy by binding to Beclin-1 which is an autophagy related protein...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537398/antitumoral-action-of-icaritin-in-lncap-prostate-cancer-cells-by-regulating-pea3-her2-ar-signaling
#15
Jimeng Hu, Wenhui Zhu, Bingbing Wei, Hui Wen, Shanhua Mao, Hua Xu, Mengbo Hu, Tian Yang, Haowen Jiang
Human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2) and androgen receptor (AR) are critical factors for prostate cancer (PCa) progression. These factors regulate tumor cell survival and proliferation, and remain as crucial drivers of castration-resistant PCa progression. Icaritin (ICT) is a prenyl flavonoid derived from the Epimedium genus, which has many biological and pharmacological effects. Using androgen-sensitive human prostate carcinoma LNCaP cell lines, we found that 35 μg/ml of ICT could inhibit more than 50% of cell proliferation, induce cell apoptosis, and lead to a strong G1 phase arrest by targeting cyclin-related proteins and suppressing the ability of cell invasion...
November 2016: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493658/a-r2r3-myb-transcription-factor-regulates-the-flavonol-biosynthetic-pathway-in-a-traditional-chinese-medicinal-plant-epimedium-sagittatum
#16
Wenjun Huang, A B M Khaldun, Jianjun Chen, Chanjuan Zhang, Haiyan Lv, Ling Yuan, Ying Wang
Flavonols as plant secondary metabolites with vital roles in plant development and defense against UV light, have been demonstrated to be the main bioactive components (BCs) in the genus Epimedium plants, several species of which are used as materials for Herba Epimedii, an important traditional Chinese medicine. The flavonol biosynthetic pathway genes had been already isolated from Epimedium sagittatum, but a R2R3-MYB transcription factor regulating the flavonol synthesis has not been functionally characterized so far in Epimedium plants...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445824/anti-cancer-properties-of-the-naturally-occurring-aphrodisiacs-icariin-and-its-derivatives
#17
REVIEW
Hui-Li Tan, Kok-Gan Chan, Priyia Pusparajah, Surasak Saokaew, Acharaporn Duangjai, Learn-Han Lee, Bey-Hing Goh
Epimedium (family Berberidaceae), commonly known as Horny Goat Weed or Yin Yang Huo, is commonly used as a tonic, aphrodisiac, anti-rheumatic and anti-cancer agent in traditional herbal formulations in Asian countries such as China, Japan, and Korea. The major bioactive compounds present within this plant include icariin, icaritin and icariside II. Although it is best known for its aphrodisiac properties, scientific and pharmacological studies suggest it possesses broad therapeutic capabilities, especially for enhancing reproductive function and osteoprotective, neuroprotective, cardioprotective, anti-inflammatory and immunoprotective effects...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422162/comparative-proteomic-and-metabolomic-analysis-reveal-the-antiosteoporotic-molecular-mechanism-of-icariin-from-epimedium-brevicornu-maxim
#18
Liming Xue, Yiping Jiang, Ting Han, Naidan Zhang, Luping Qin, Hailiang Xin, Qiaoyan Zhang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Icariin, a principal flavonoid glycoside of Epimedium brevicornu Maxim, has been widely proved to possess antiosteoporotic activity with promoting bone frormation and decreasing bone resorption. However, the involving mechanisms remain unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: To clear a global insight of signal pathways involved in anti-osteoporotic mechanism of icariin at proteins and metabolites level by integrating the proteomics and NMR metabonomics, in a systems biology approach...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27414248/potential-therapeutic-action-of-natural-products-from-traditional-chinese-medicine-on-alzheimer-s-disease-animal-models-targeting-neurotrophic-factors
#19
REVIEW
Shuyong Wei
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder in which the death of brain cells leads to memory loss and cognitive decline. To reduce the death rate and improve the biological activity of neurocytes, neurotrophic factors (NTFs) exhibit therapeutic effect on AD. However, therapeutic application of exogenous NTFs in treatment of AD is largely limited due to short half-life, poor stability, etc. Various extracts of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) have been shown to exhibit therapeutic effects on AD, and some of these effects are associated with regulation on the expression of nerve growth factor, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and their associated receptors...
December 2016: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386657/-effect-of-total-ravonoids-of-herba-epimedium-on-bmp-2-runx2-osx-signaling-pathway-during-osteogenic-differentiation-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#20
Guang-sheng Liang, Wei-cai Chen, Chang-chang Yin, Ming Yin, Xue-qin Cao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of total flavonoids of Herba Epimedium (FHE) on BMP-2/RunX2/OSX signaling pathway in promoting osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). METHODS: Passage 3 BMSCs were randomly divided into the control group, the experimental group, and the inhibitor group. BMSCs in the control group were cultured in 0.2% dimethyl sulfoxide + Osteogenuxic Supplement (OS) fluid + DMEM/F12 culture media. BMSCs in the experimental group were intervened by 20 microg/mL FHE...
May 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
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