Read by QxMD icon Read


Silvia Mahmood, Andrea Evinová, Mária Škereňová, Igor Ondrejka, Ján Lehotský
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a main public health concern worldwide. Despite extensive investigations, the exact mechanisms responsible for MDD have not been identified. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and insulin growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) are involved in brain function. Tumour suppressor protein p53 is widely involved in neuronal death in response to different forms of acute insults and neurological disorders. The present study focuses on the possible associations of the single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of EGF A61G (rs4444903), IGFBP-3 C32G (rs2854746) and TP53 G72C (rs1042522) genes with MDD risk in the Slovak population...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
Kalina Biernacka, Raj A Persad, Amit Bahl, David Gillatt, Jeff M P Holly, Claire M Perks
The incidence of many common cancers varies between different populations and appears to be affected by a Western lifestyle. Highly proliferative malignant cells require sufficient levels of nutrients for their anabolic activity. Therefore targeting genes and pathways involved in metabolic pathways could yield future therapeutics. A common pathway implicated in energetic and nutritional requirements of a cell is the LKB1/AMPK pathway. Metformin is a widely studied anti-diabetic drug, which improves glycaemia in patients with type 2 diabetes via targeting this pathway...
October 17, 2016: Endocrine-related Cancer
Fumihiro Sanada, Yoshiaki Taniyama, Jun Muratsu, Rei Otsu, Masaaki Iwabayashi, Miguel Carracedo, Hiromi Rakugi, Ryuichi Morishita
Uncontrolled coagulation contributes to the pathophysiology of several chronic inflammatory diseases. In these conditions, senescent cells are often observed and is involved in the generation of inflammation. The coincidence of hyper-coagulation, cell senescence, and inflammation suggests the existence of a common underlying mechanism. Recent evidence indicates that activated coagulation factor X (FXa) plays a role in the processes beyond blood coagulation. This non-hematologic function entails the mediation of inflammation and tissue remodeling...
October 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
Mohammad Farmarzi, Mahmood Shishegar, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Arash Haghighi, Hadi Sharouny
INTRODUCTION: Adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) may present with growth retardation. Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) mediates the anabolic effects of growth hormone (GH) on tissues. Most of the circulating IGF-1 molecules are bound to insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3). IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 serum levels reflect the levels of daily mean serum GH and are used as indices for evaluating the serum level of GH. This study aimed to determine the effect of adenotonsillectomy on IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 serum levels in patients with ATH or recurrent tonsillitis...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Mingxin Li, Lidong Zhai, Wanfu Wei
Rheumatoid arthritis, a synthesized form of adjuvant arthritis exhibited throughout many animal species, inhibits liver function and circulation of IGF-I and contributes to the degradation of skeletal muscle mass. One of the primary goals of the present study is determining whether a high-Methionine (high-Met) diet is capable of reducing the adverse effects of arthritis, namely, loss of body mass. Following adjuvant injection, forty arthritic rats were randomly assigned to either a control group with a basal diet or a high-Met group with the same basal diet + 0...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa
Specific antibodies against biomolecules are conventional, but robust tools for the structural and functional analysis of target molecules. Since CCN family proteins are composed of four distinct modules that together determine the functionalities as full-length molecules depending upon extracellular microenvironment, specific antibody against independent modules are quite useful in CCN family research. Three distinct strategies are considerable for raising antibodies specific to four modules: IGFBP, VWC, TSP1, and CT modules...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Hiroshi Hanagata, Makoto Mizukami
Brevibacillus choshinensis is an excellent host for the production of secretory proteins. This host has also been applied successfully to efficient production of CCN proteins. Described herein are methods of constructing plasmids for CCN protein production (IGFBP-, VWC-, TSP-, and CT-domain) with Brevibacillus as a host, cultivation methods for protein production, and methods of purification for domain proteins using his-tag.
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Michael J Redd, Jay R Hoffman, Yftach Gepner, Jeffrey R Stout, Mattan W Hoffman, Daniel Ben-Dov, Shany Funk, David D Church, Guy Avital, Yacov Chen, Hagai Frankel, Ishay Ostfeld
OBJECTIVE: Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is a metabolic and anabolic biomarker that has been proposed to reflect physiological adaptations resulting from multistressor environments. The bioactivity of IGF-I is regulated by seven different insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) which act not only as carriers of IGF-1, but also function as a modulator of IGF-I availability and activity. Supplementing with β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB) has been shown to enhance physiological outcomes associated with intense training, and has been reported to augment the IGF-1 response...
October 5, 2016: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
Ying Li, Zhen-Long Kang, Na Qiao, Lian-Mei Hu, Yong-Jiang Ma, Xiao-Huan Liang, Ji-Long Liu, Zeng-Ming Yang
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of copper ions on decidualization of human endometrial stromal cells (HESCs) cultured in vitro. Firstly, non-toxic concentrations of copper D-gluconate were screened in HESCs based on cell activity. Then, the effects of non-toxic concentrations of copper ions (0~250 μM) were examined on decidualization of human endometrial stromal cells. Our data demonstrated that the mRNA expressions of insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP-1), prolactin (PRL), Mn-SOD, and FOXO1were down-regulated during decidualization following the treatments with 100 or 250 μM copper ions...
October 10, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Matthew P Rowan, Darrick J Beckman, Julie A Rizzo, Claire L Isbell, Christopher E White, Stephen M Cohn, Kevin K Chung
BACKGROUND: Burn and trauma patients present a clinical challenge due to metabolic derangements and hypermetabolism that result in a prolonged catabolic state with impaired healing and secondary complications, including ventilator dependence. Previous work has shown that circulating levels of growth hormone (GH) are predictive of mortality in critically ill adults, but few studies have examined the prognostic potential of GH levels in adult trauma patients. METHODS: To investigate the utility of GH and other endocrine responses in the prediction of outcomes, we conducted a prospective, observational study of adult burn and trauma patients...
October 4, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Mark D DeBoer, Rebecca J Scharf, Alvaro M Leite, Alessandra Férrer, Alexandre Havt, Relana Pinkerton, Aldo A Lima, Richard L Guerrant
OBJECTIVES: Deficits in weight gain and linear growth are seen frequently among children in areas where malnutrition and recurrent infections are common. Although both inflammation and malnutrition can result in growth hormone (GH) resistance, the interrelationships of infection, inflammation, and growth deficits in developing areas remain unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate relationships between low levels of systemic inflammation, growth factors, and anthropometry in a case-control cohort of underweight and normal weight children in northern Brazil...
July 26, 2016: Nutrition
Henrike Knacke, Maik Pietzner, Kieu Trinh Do, Werner Römisch-Margl, Gabi Kastenmüller, Uwe Völker, Henry Völzke, Jan Krumsiek, Anna Artati, Henri Wallaschofski, Matthias Nauck, Karsten Suhre, Jerzy Adamski, Nele Friedrich
OBJECTIVE: Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF-I) is known for its various physiological and severe pathophysiological effects on human metabolism, however underlying molecular mechanisms still remain unsolved. To reveal possible molecular mechanisms mediating these effects, for the first time we associated serum IGF-I levels with multi-fluid untargeted metabolomics data. METHODS: Plasma/urine samples of 995 non-diabetic participants of the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP-TREND) were characterized by mass spectrometry...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Lixian Cheng, Hui Shi, Yan Jin, Xiaoxi Li, Jinshun Pan, Yimei Lai, Yan Lin, Ya Jin, Gaurab Roy, Allan Zhao, Fanghong Li
Adipose tissue plays an important role in regulating female fertility owing to not only its energy stores but also the endocrine actions of secreted adipokines. As one of the adipokines, adiponectin is almost exclusively secreted from the fat and its circulating concentration is paradoxically reduced in obesity. Although recent studies implied a purported positive role of adiponectin in ovarian functions, definitive in vivo evidence has been sorely lacking. We have consistently observed subfertility in female adiponectin null mice, and therefore postulated a protective role of adiponectin in ovarian functions...
October 4, 2016: Endocrinology
Diego Safian, Roberto D Morais, Jan Bogerd, Rüdiger W Schulz
Insulin-like growth factor (Igf) binding proteins (Igfbps) modulate the availability of Igfs for their cognate receptors. In zebrafish testes, Igf3 promotes the proliferation and differentiation of type A undifferentiated (Aund) spermatogonia, and igf3 expression is strongly elevated by Fsh, but also responds to T3. Here, we report the effects of Fsh and T3 on igfbp transcript levels in adult zebrafish testis. We then examined T3 and Fsh effects on zebrafish spermatogenesis and explored the relevance of Igfbps in modulating these T3 or Fsh effects, using a primary tissue culture system for adult zebrafish testis...
September 30, 2016: Endocrinology
Matthew W Brunke, Christopher W Frye, Corri B Levine, Cristina Hansen, Joseph J Wakshlag
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of running a 1000-mile (1600 km) endurance sled dog race on serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and insulin-like growth factor binding proteins 1 and 3 (IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-3). Serum was examined from 12 sled dogs prior to the race, at midrace (approximately 690 km), and again at the finish. IGF-1, IGFBP-1, and IGFBP-3 were assessed using radioimmunoassay or enzyme linked immune-absorbance assays. Mean prerace concentrations were significantly higher than midrace and end-race concentrations at 215...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
Knud Larsen, Kaja Kjær Kristensen, Jamal Momeni, Leila Farajzadeh, Christian Bendixen
The IGFBP7 gene encodes insulin-like growth factor protein 7. IGFPB7 is involved in diverse biological functions including cell growth regulation, senescence and apoptosis, and also acts as a tumor suppressor in multiple cancers. The IGFBP7 mRNA is subject to A-to-I RNA editing mediated by adenosine deaminases acting on RNA 1 and 2 (ADAR1 and ADAR2). In the current study we have examined molecular characteristics of the porcine IGFBP7 gene, and determined the mRNA editing in different tissues. The A-to-I RNA editing of human IGFBP7 in positions Arg78 and Lys95 was shown to be conserved in the porcine homologue...
October 21, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Leon A Bach
IGFBP-6 binds IGF-II with higher affinity than IGF-I and it is a relatively specific inhibitor of IGF-II actions. More recently, IGFBP-6 has also been reported to have IGF-independent effects on cell proliferation, survival, differentiation and migration. IGFBP-6 binds to several ligands in the extracellular space, cytoplasm and nucleus. These interactions, together with activation of distinct intracellular signaling pathways, may contribute to its IGF-independent actions; for example, IGF-independent migration induced by IGFBP-6 involves interaction with prohibitin-2 and activation of MAP kinase pathways...
September 22, 2016: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
Anne M Lynch, Brandie D Wagner, Naresh Mandava, Alan G Palestine, Peter M Mourani, Emily A McCourt, Scott C N Oliver, Steven H Abman
Purpose: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vision-threatening disease associated with abnormal retinal vascular development. Proteins from the insulin-like growth factor pathway are related to ROP. However, there is a paucity of research on the role of other proteins in ROP. The aim of this study was to identify plasma proteins related to clinically significant ROP. Methods: We measured 1121 plasma proteins in the early neonatal period in infants at risk for ROP using an aptamer-based proteomic technology...
September 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Yo-Han Kim, Noriyuki Touji, Keiichiro Kizaki, Shiro Kushibiki, Toshihiro Ichijo, Shigeru Sato
We investigated the relationship between ruminal pH and transcriptomic adaptation of the rumen epithelium (RE) of calves fed calf starter with and without forage during the weaning transition. Holstein calves were assigned to groups fed calf starter either with forage (HAY group, n = 3) or without forage (CON group, n = 4). Ruminal pH was measured continuously, and rumen fluid and epithelium were collected 3 weeks after weaning. mRNA expression profiles of the RE were examined by one-color microarray. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were investigated using the ingenuity pathway analysis (IPA)...
September 23, 2016: Physiological Genomics
Dina A Schott, Willem J M Gerver, Constance T R M Stumpel
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Kabuki syndrome is a multiple congenital malformation syndrome with a variety of clinical features including short stature. The cause of this postnatal short stature remains unknown. METHODS: Eighteen children with genetically proven Kabuki syndrome (8 boys and 10 girls; ages 3.3-9.9 years, with a mean of 6.7 years) who underwent growth hormone (GH) stimulation tests were evaluated in a prospective study. Two GH stimulation tests were conducted, including insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) serum levels...
September 21, 2016: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"