keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pedestrian

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095033/detection-of-the-toughest-pedestrian-injury-risk-as-a-smooth-function-of-age
#1
Tobias Niebuhr, Mirko Junge
OBJECTIVE: While it is common to regard age-specific groups (e.g. children, adults, elderly), smooth trends conditional on the age are mainly ignored in the literature. The present study examines the pedestrian injury risk in full-frontal pedestrian to passenger car accidents and incorporates the age -besides the collision speed and the injury severity- as a plug-in parameter. METHODS: Recent work introduced a model for pedestrian injury risk functions using explicit formulae with easily interpretable model parameters...
January 17, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076435/walking-ahead-the-headed-social-force-model
#2
Francesco Farina, Daniele Fontanelli, Andrea Garulli, Antonio Giannitrapani, Domenico Prattichizzo
Human motion models are finding an increasing number of novel applications in many different fields, such as building design, computer graphics and robot motion planning. The Social Force Model is one of the most popular alternatives to describe the motion of pedestrians. By resorting to a physical analogy, individuals are assimilated to point-wise particles subject to social forces which drive their dynamics. Such a model implicitly assumes that humans move isotropically. On the contrary, empirical evidence shows that people do have a preferred direction of motion, walking forward most of the time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073947/redefining-the-child-pedestrian-safety-paradigm-identifying-high-fatality-concentrations-in-urban-areas
#3
Nicholas N Ferenchak, Wesley E Marshall
OBJECTIVES: Child pedestrians are some of the most vulnerable users of our transportation systems, and they deserve particular attention when we consider traffic safety. The objective of this work is to identify urban locations in which child pedestrians are at particular risk for fatal collisions with vehicles. METHODS: This paper examines 30 years of crash data for six American cities to locate areas with high child pedestrian fatality concentrations. Phase I of the study, which examines Denver, Colorado, USA, reveals higher concentrations of child pedestrian fatalities around parks as compared with other areas that children have been shown to frequent...
January 10, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070791/social-and-non-social-hazard-response-in-drivers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Haley Johnson Bishop, Fred J Biasini, Despina Stavrinos
Driving is a complex task that relies on manual, cognitive, visual and social skill. The social demands of driving may be challenging for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) due to known social impairments. This study investigated how drivers with ASD respond to social (e.g., pedestrians) and non-social (e.g., vehicles) hazards in a driving simulator compared to typically developing drivers. Overall, participants responded faster to social hazards than non-social hazards. It was also found that drivers with typical development reacted faster to social hazards, while drivers with ASD showed no difference in reaction time to social versus non-social hazards...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070214/youth-traffic-related-injuries-a-prospective-study
#5
Michal Grivna, Hani O Eid, Fikri M Abu-Zidan
BACKGROUND: Traffic-related injuries are the most common cause of morbidity and mortality of the youth. Our aim was to study epidemiology, risk factors and outcome of hospitalized youth patients injured in road traffic collisions in order to give recommendations for prevention. METHODS: We prospectively studied all youth (15-24 years) patients having traffic-related injuries who were admitted to Al Ain or Tawam Hospitals, Al Ain City, or who died after arrival to these hospitals during an 18 months period...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067128/study-of-kite-string-injuries-in-western-india
#6
Chetan Prajapati, Abhay Agrawal, Ravish Atha, Manav P Suri, Jayesh P Sachde, M F Shaikh
A prospective analysis of 104 patients (outdoor and indoor) with manja (powdered glass coated kite string) injury from January 2011 to January 2015 was carried out at Civil Hospital Ahmedabad. All patients were analysed for mode and severity of injury, site of injury, associated injuries, activity being performed when injury occurred, the clinical diagnosis and treatment required. Analysis of collected data revealed that majority of the injuries occurred while driving or in pedestrians with the neck being the most commonly affected body part...
March 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064348/european-academy-of-paediatrics-statement-vision-zero-for-child-deaths-in-traffic-accidents
#7
Jonas F Ludvigsson, Tom Stiris, Stefano Del Torso, Jean-Christophe Mercier, Arunas Valiulis, Adamos Hadjipanayis
Road traffic accidents are the leading cause of death and disability in children throughout Europe. They remain the leading cause of death among children 5--19 years old in Europe. Children may be injured as pedestrians, bicyclists, motorcyclists or passengers in cars. The European Academy of Pediatrics (EAP) strives to prevent morbidity and death in children. We urge policy-makers to actively work for a "vision zero", where no child is killed in traffic. EAP suggests simple measures such as, secure transport for children between home and school, speed limits, road bumps, wearing bike helmets and seat belts, using child-restraints for small children and enforcement of legislation on road safety...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060950/comparing-different-suicide-prevention-measures-at-bridges-and-buildings-lessons-we-have-learned-from-a-national-survey-in-switzerland
#8
Alexander Hemmer, Philipp Meier, Thomas Reisch
The goal of the study was to compare the effectiveness of different suicide prevention measures implemented on bridges and other high structures in Switzerland. A national survey identified all jumping hotspots that have been secured in Switzerland; of the 15 that could be included in this study, 11 were secured by vertical barriers and 4 were secured by low-hanging horizontal safety nets. The study made an overall and individual pre-post analysis by using Mantel-Haenszel Tests, regression methods and calculating rate ratios...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056908/an-evaluation-of-outdoor-school-environments-to-promote-physical-activity-in-delhi-india
#9
Samiksha Tarun, Monika Arora, Tina Rawal, Sara E Benjamin Neelon
BACKGROUND: Increasing physical activity in children is an important public health goal in India. Schools may be a target for physical activity promotion, but little is known about outdoor school environments. The purpose of this study was to describe characteristics of the surrounding outdoor school environments that may promote children's physical activity in Delhi, India. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, we conducted a structured observation of outdoor school environments in a random sample of 16 private schools in Delhi, India using the Sport, Physical activity and Eating behavior: Environmental Determinants in Young people (SPEEDY) audit tool...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049749/obesity-and-the-built-environment-at-different-urban-scales-examining-the-literature
#10
Andrea Garfinkel-Castro, Keuntae Kim, Shima Hamidi, Reid Ewing
The majority of people now live in an urban (or suburban) environment. The built (material) environment, its vehicular and pedestrian infrastructure, buildings, and public realm places, are the places used for working, living, and recreating. The environment currently favors and facilitates motorized vehicles generally, and private automobiles especially. The prioritization given to vehicles reduces opportunities for other, more active modes of travel such as walking and bicycling. Though the built environment cannot be said to directly affect human obesity, the built environment clearly has a relationship to obesity as a consequence of physical activity...
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043651/comparison-of-air-pollution-exposures-in-active-vs-passive-travel-modes-in-european-cities-a-quantitative-review
#11
REVIEW
Audrey de Nazelle, Olivier Bode, Juan Pablo Orjuela
BACKGROUND: Transport microenvironments tend to have higher air pollutant concentrations than other settings most people encounter in their daily lives. The choice of travel modes may affect significantly individuals' exposures; however such considerations are typically not accounted for in exposure assessment used in environmental health studies. In particular, with increasing interest in the promotion of active travel, health impact studies that attempt to estimate potential adverse consequences of potential increased pollutant inhalation during walking or cycling have emerged...
December 30, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039182/national-10-year-trend-in-road-injuries-involving-school-children-on-the-way-to-and-from-school-in-japan-2003-2012
#12
Haruhiko Inada, Jun Tomio, Shinji Nakahara, Xin Xu, Ayako Taniguchi, Masao Ichikawa
OBJECTIVES: To quantitatively describe the recent longitudinal trend in road injuries involving school children while commuting to and from school in Japan and to identify groups or situations with particularly large or small decreasing trends. METHODS: Data on the number of children aged 6-15 years who sustained road injuries while commuting were obtained, stratified by year, demographic characteristics, mode of transport and other variables. The rates of killed or seriously injured (KSI) children were calculated from the number of KSI cases (the numerator) and the product of population and the proportion of each mode of transport estimated using the Person Trip Survey data (the denominator)...
December 30, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031040/when-a-vehicle-becomes-a-weapon-intentional-vehicular-assaults-in-israel
#13
Gidon Almogy, Asaf Kedar, Miklosh Bala
BACKGROUND: We have recently witnessed an epidemic of intentional vehicular assaults (IVA) aimed at pedestrians. We hypothesized that IVA are associated with a specific injury pattern and severity. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively acquired data of patients injured following IVA from October 2008 to May 2016 who were admitted to the Hadassah Level I trauma center in Jerusalem, Israel. Comparison of injury parameters and outcome caused by vehicular attacks to non-intentional pedestrian trauma (PT)...
December 28, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029497/active-numerical-model-of-human-body-for-reconstruction-of-falls-from-height
#14
Marcin Milanowicz, Krzysztof Kędzior
Falls from height constitute the largest group of incidents out of approximately 90,000 occupational accidents occurring each year in Poland. Reconstruction of the exact course of a fall from height is generally difficult due to lack of sufficient information from the accident scene. This usually results in several contradictory versions of an incident and impedes, for example, determination of the liability in a judicial process. In similar situations, in many areas of human activity, researchers apply numerical simulation...
October 21, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026776/trending-paths-a-new-semantic-level-metric-for-comparing-simulated-and-read-crowd-data
#15
He Wang, Jan Ondrej, Carol O'Sullivan
We propose a new semantic-level crowd evaluation metric in this paper. Crowd simulation has been an active and important area for several decades. However, only recently has there been an increased focus on evaluating the fidelity of the results with respect to real-world situations. The focus to date has been on analyzing the properties of low-level features such as pedestrian trajectories, or global features such as crowd densities. We propose the first approach based on finding semantic information represented by latent Path Patterns in both real and simulated data in order to analyze and compare them...
December 23, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025565/a-machine-learning-approach-to-pedestrian-detection-for-autonomous-vehicles-using-high-definition-3d-range-data
#16
Pedro J Navarro, Carlos Fernández, Raúl Borraz, Diego Alonso
This article describes an automated sensor-based system to detect pedestrians in an autonomous vehicle application. Although the vehicle is equipped with a broad set of sensors, the article focuses on the processing of the information generated by a Velodyne HDL-64E LIDAR sensor. The cloud of points generated by the sensor (more than 1 million points per revolution) is processed to detect pedestrians, by selecting cubic shapes and applying machine vision and machine learning algorithms to the XY, XZ, and YZ projections of the points contained in the cube...
December 23, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019001/characteristics-of-road-traffic-accident-casualties-admitted-to-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-sri-lanka
#17
Dinesh M Fernando, Sampath U Tennakoon, Achini N Samaranayake, Medhani Wickramasinghe
The mortality and morbidity of road traffic accidents (RTA) is increasing in the South Asian region, including Sri Lanka. Therefore, the demographic factors, types of vehicles involved, and the severity of injuries sustained in RTA was studied. Age, gender, and details of the incident of all patients admitted to hospital following a RTA, between January 2007 and August 2012, were obtained by interview. Following a medico-legal examination, the type and severity of injuries was categorized as, non-grievous, grievous, endangering life or fatal in the ordinary course of nature...
December 26, 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007416/a-comprehensive-methodology-for-the-multidimensional-and-synchronic-data-collecting-in-soundscape
#18
Pablo Kogan, Bruno Turra, Jorge P Arenas, María Hinalaf
The soundscape paradigm is comprised of complex living systems where individuals interact moment-by-moment among one another and with the physical environment. The real environments provide promising conditions to reveal deep soundscape behavior, including the multiple components involved and their interrelations as a whole. However, measuring and analyzing the numerous simultaneous variables of soundscape represents a challenge that is not completely understood. This work proposes and applies a comprehensive methodology for multidimensional and synchronic data collection in soundscape...
December 19, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003902/missed-gastric-injuries-in-blunt-abdominal-trauma-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#19
Ahmed A Naiem, Kadhim M Taqi, Badriya H Al-Kendi, Hani Al-Qadhi
Hollow viscus injuries of the digestive tract are an uncommon occurrence in blunt abdominal trauma. We report a 39-year-old male who was hit by a vehicle as a pedestrian and admitted to the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2015. He underwent an exploratory laparotomy which revealed injuries to the distal stomach, liver and descending colon. Postoperatively, the patient was febrile, tachycardic and hypotensive. Abdominal examination revealed distention and tenderness. The next day, a repeat laparotomy identified a gastric injury which had not been diagnosed during the initial laparotomy...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002777/urban-rainwater-runoff-quantity-and-quality-a-potential-endogenous-resource-in-cities
#20
Sara Angrill, Anna Petit-Boix, Tito Morales-Pinzón, Alejandro Josa, Joan Rieradevall, Xavier Gabarrell
Rainwater harvesting might help to achieve self-sufficiency, but it must comply with health standards. We studied the runoff quantity and quality harvested from seven urban surfaces in a university campus in Barcelona according to their use (pedestrian or motorized mobility) and materials (concrete, asphalt and slabs). An experimental rainwater harvesting system was used to collect the runoff resulting from a set of rainfall events. We estimated the runoff coefficient and initial abstraction of each surface and analyzed the physicochemical and microbiological properties, and hydrocarbon and metal content of the samples...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
keyword
keyword
71507
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"