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Vertebral osteomyelitis PET

Gui-Xiong Zhang, Ting Jiang, Yong-Jiang Mao, Min Yang, Jie-Hua Xu
A 50-year-old woman complained postprandial vomiting for 5 days and drowsiness for 3 days. Possible central nervous pathology was suspected clinically. Brain MRI suggested likely brain metastases. For this reason, FDG PET/CT was performed to search the primary malignancy. The images showed abnormal activity not only in the brain, but also in the retropharyngeal region and in the thoracic vertebral body. The lesions were eventually confirmed as infection caused by fish bone impaction that occurred 1 month earlier...
March 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Soile P Salomäki, Jukka Kemppainen, Ulla Hohenthal, Pauliina Luoto, Olli Eskola, Pirjo Nuutila, Marko Seppänen, Laura Pirilä, Jarmo Oksi, Anne Roivainen
Purpose: This study evaluated the potential of68 Ga-citrate positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for the detection of infectious foci in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia by comparing it with 2-[18 F]fluoro-2-deoxy- D -glucose (18 F-FDG) PET/CT. Methods: Four patients admitted to hospital due to S. aureus bacteraemia underwent both18 F-FDG and68 Ga-citrate whole-body PET/CT scans to detect infectious foci. Results: The time from hospital admission and the initiation of antibiotic treatment to the first PET/CT was 4-10 days...
2017: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
Andrea Censullo, Tara Vijayan
In recent years, there has been an increasing emphasis on efficient and accurate diagnostic testing, exemplified by the American Board of Internal Medicine's "Choosing Wisely" campaign. Nuclear imaging studies can provide early and accurate diagnoses of many infectious disease syndromes, particularly in complex cases where the differential remains broad. This review paper offers clinicians a rational, evidence-based guide to approaching nuclear medicine tests, using an example case of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) bacteremia in a patient with multiple potential sources...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Steven Schaub, Hartley M Sirkis, Jonathan Kay
Multifocal osteomyelitis and synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome constitute a spectrum of disease that includes inflammatory bone lesions and dermatologic findings. Radiographic features resemble those of the spondyloarthropathies with anterior chest wall involvement. Early radiographic findings are osteodestructive with lytic lesions. Bone scintigraphy of the sternoclavicular region classically yields a 'bull's head' pattern of radionuclide uptake. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can demonstrate corner lesions of vertebral bodies...
November 2016: Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America
A M McGauvran, A L Kotsenas, F E Diehn, J T Wald, C M Carr, J M Morris
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Imaging findings in patients with a combination of synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) are often misinterpreted as discitis/osteomyelitis or metastases, resulting in multiple biopsies and delayed diagnosis. We have incidentally noted a semicircular morphology in vertebral body imaging in several cases of SAPHO syndrome with vertebral involvement. Our goal was to evaluate the prevalence of this distinctive morphology in these patients...
August 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
C Love, C J Palestro
Osteomyelitis is a broad group of infectious diseases that involve the bone and/or bone marrow. It can arise haematogenously, via extension from a contiguous infection, or by direct inoculation during surgery or trauma. The diagnosis is not always obvious and imaging tests are frequently performed as part of the diagnostic work-up. Commonly performed radionuclide tests include technetium-99m ((99m)Tc)-diphosphonate bone scintigraphy (bone), and gallium-67 ((67)Ga) and in vitro labelled leukocyte (white blood cell; WBC) imaging...
July 2016: Clinical Radiology
Christopher J Palestro
Radionuclide procedures frequently are performed as part of the diagnostic workup of osteomyelitis. Bone scintigraphy accurately diagnoses osteomyelitis in bones not affected by underlying conditions. Degenerative joint disease, fracture, and orthopedic hardware decrease the specificity of the bone scan, making it less useful in these situations. Gallium-67 scintigraphy was often used as an adjunct to bone scintigraphy for diagnosing osteomyelitis. However, now it is used primarily for spinal infections when (18)F-FDG imaging cannot be performed...
January 2015: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
A S Khorsandi, H K Su, W F Mourad, M L Urken, M S Persky, C L Lazarus, A S Jacobson
OBJECTIVE: To study MRI and positron emission tomography (PET)/CT imaging of osteoradionecrosis (ORN) of the subaxial cervical spine, a serious long-term complication of radiation therapy (RT) for head and neck cancers that can lead to pain, vertebral instability, myelopathy and cord compression. METHODS: This is a single-institution retrospective review of patients diagnosed and treated for ORN of the subaxial cervical spine following surgery and radiation for head and neck cancer...
January 2015: British Journal of Radiology
B L Fransen, E de Visser, A Lenting, G Rodenburg, A A van Zwet, E H Gisolf
BACKGROUND: Spondylodiscitis, also known as vertebral osteomyelitis, is a destructive disease with high morbidity and mortality. Diagnosis is often delayed because of the rarity of the disease and the fact that early symptoms are often non-specific. There are currently no national guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of spondylodiscitis in the Netherlands. METHODS: We performed a single-centre retrospective cohort study examining 49 patients over 18 years of age treated for spondylodiscitis in a six-year time period...
April 2014: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
Linh Ho, Sindu Sheth, Heidi Wassef, Robert Henderson
We report FDG PET/CT appearance of malignant transformation of retroperitoneal inflammatory pseudotumor to pleomorphic sarcoma in a 78-year-old woman. The patient was diagnosed with left retroperitoneal pseudotumor in 2007. She subsequently suffered from recurrent disease and chronic osteomyelitis in the L5 vertebral body in July 2008, status post surgical excision. In November 2009, after the patient developed left groin pain, MRI study of lumbosacral spine and whole-body PET/CT study demonstrated 2 hypermetabolic soft-tissue masses originating from the L5 surgical bed...
May 2012: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Hisamitsu Zaha, Mai Onomura, Yukiko Nishikuramori
We herein report a rare case of pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis (PVO) coexisting with breast carcinoma. A 71-year-old female presented with neck pain without fever. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed suspected metastatic lesions in her neck (C7 and Th1). Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) showed increased FDG uptake in the neck spines and in the left breast. A core needle biopsy of the left breast revealed the presence of invasive ductal carcinoma. Our first tentative diagnosis of the patient was left breast carcinoma with bone metastases, and first-line endocrine therapy was started...
October 2012: Surgery Today
W Y Cheung, Keith D K Luk
Pyogenic spondylitis is a neurological and life threatening condition. It encompasses a broad range of clinical entities, including pyogenic spondylodiscitis, septic discitis, vertebral osteomyelitis, and epidural abscess. The incidence though low appears to be on the rise. The diagnosis is based on clinical, radiological, blood and tissue cultures and histopathological findings. Most of the cases can be treated non-operatively. Surgical treatment is required in 10-20% of patients. Anterior decompression, debridement and fusion are generally recommended and instrumentation is acceptable after good surgical debridement with postoperative antibiotic cover...
February 2012: International Orthopaedics
Julie Graveleau, Olivier Grossi, Maeva Lefebvre, Hervé Redon, Jean-Marc Caignon, Amandine Pallardy, Caroline Bodet-Milin, Antoine Néel, Mohamed A Hamidou
OBJECTIVES: To report cases of cat scratch disease with vertebral osteomyelitis. METHODS: We describe clinical features, diagnostic, treatment, and outcome of 2 patients with vertebral osteomyelitis due to Bartonella henselae and provide a review of the relevant literature. RESULTS: A 47-year-old man was investigated for fever, splenomegaly, and cervical adenopathy. A lymphoma was suspected on the clinical picture, the laboratory tests, and the computed tomographic scan...
December 2011: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
A Gasbarrini, L Boriani, C Nanni, E Zamparini, G Rorato, R Ghermandi, C Salvadori, V Allegri, S Bandiera, G Barbanti-Brodano, S Colangeli, A Corghi, S Terzi, L Babbi, L Amendola, F Cristini, G Marinacci, F Tumietto, R Ciminari, M C Malaguti, E Rimondi, M Difiore, R Bacchin, F Facchini, J Frugiuele, A Morigi, U Albisinni, S Bonarelli, S Fanti, P Viale, S Boriani
Spine infections require a multidisciplinary approach to be treated and solved. A guide line to drive physicians in the deep complexity of such a disease is extremely helpful. SIMP suggests a flow-chart built up on clear concepts such as right and well managed antibiotic therapy, sound stability of the spine, correct and smart use of the standard and functional imaging techniques, such as f18 FDG PET/CT. In 16 months a total of 41 patients have been treated for spondylodiscitis, discitis and vertebral osteomyelitis by our team of physicians and 25 patients have been enrolled in a prospective study whose target is the assessment of the SIMP flow-chart and of every single aspect that characterize it...
January 2011: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
C Dillmann-Arroyo, R Cantú-Leal, H Campa-Núñez, C López-Cavazos, M Bermúdez-Argüelles, J C Mejía-Herrera
BACKGROUND: The non-invasive diagnosis of vertebral osteomyelitis is a difficult one. Studies confirm MRI as the gold standard with 92% sensitivity and 94% specificity. Scintigraphy combined with Tc99-Ga67 used to be the procedure of choice before the advent of PET with labeled glucose, which has a high sensitivity and specificity, but cannot distinguish a focus of infection from inflammation. Scintigraphy with UBI29-41 is an infection-specific study that was recently described in the literature...
January 2011: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
Seiji Ohtori, Munetaka Suzuki, Takana Koshi, Masaomi Yamashita, Kazuyo Yamauchi, Gen Inoue, Sumihisa Orita, Yawara Eguchi, Kazuki Kuniyoshi, Nobuyasu Ochiai, Shunji Kishida, Masashi Takaso, Yasuchika Aoki, Tetsuhiro Ishikawa, Gen Arai, Masayuki Miyagi, Hiroto Kamoda, Miyako Suzuki, Junichi Nakamura, Tomoaki Toyone, Kazuhisa Takahashi
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To examine the utility of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) to diagnose pyogenic spondylitis in patients showing Modic change. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Vertebral bone marrow infection may appear as Modic type 1 signal on magnetic resonance imaging, so it is difficult to distinguish between common Modic change and infection. In the current study, we aimed to examine the utility of 18F-FDG-PET to diagnose pyogenic spondylitis in patients showing Modic change...
December 15, 2010: Spine
Mariann Harangi, Tibor Kovács, Éva Rákóczi, László Rejto, László Mikó, László Tóth, Gabriella Szucs, László Galuska, György Paragh
A case of a young man with fever of unknown origin is presented. This diagnosis can be frustrating for both patients and physicians because the diagnostic workup often involves numerous noninvasive and invasive procedures that sometimes fail to explain the fever. In the presented case some of the imaging diagnostic findings suggested malignant hematological disorder. However, histopathological and microbiological investigation proved vertebral osteomyelitis caused by Staphylococcus haemolyticus. Diagnosis was established by positron emission tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and culture and histopathological analysis of a spinal biopsy...
June 2011: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
William Makis, Jerry Stern
Vascular grafts have an infection rate ranging from 1% to 3%. While early infections occur within 4 months after surgery and are associated with virulent organisms, late infections can occur after months to years of surgery and are often caused by low virulence organisms that survive in an adherent biofilm. Host defense recognition of bacterial biofilm can result in perigraft abscesses, aorto-enteric fistulas, and very rarely, fistulas into adjacent bone. We present a case of an 83-year-old man, who had an F-18 FDG PET/CT scan for workup of a solitary pulmonary nodule, and was incidentally diagnosed with chronic multifocal infection of an aorto-iliac vascular graft, with an infected fistula tract into adjacent bone causing chronic vertebral osteomyelitis, which was confirmed with a contrast-enhanced CT...
October 2010: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Elena Lazzeri, Paola Erba, Marzio Perri, Carlo Tascini, Roberta Doria, Jacopo Giorgetti, Giuliano Mariani
STUDY DESIGN: Early diagnosis of vertebral infection (hematogenous or postsurgical) is necessary to choose a correct therapy and to minimize dramatic complications. All patients suspected to have vertebral infection underwent radiologic imaging and In-Biotin scintigraphy. OBJECTIVE: Biotin is a growth factor used by many bacteria. The aim of our study is to use In-Biotin to diagnose vertebral infections. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Magnetic resonance imaging, even if endowed with fairly good sensitivity and specificity, shows some limitations in the study of the onset of pathology and in postsurgical conditions...
April 1, 2008: Spine
Jang-Gyu Cha, Hyun-Sook Hong, Yoon-Woo Koh, Hee-Kyung Kim, Jung-Mi Park
Fungal osteomyelitis is a rare infection that usually develops in immunocompromised patients. Additionally, involvement of the cervical spine by Candida albicans is extremely rare; only three previous cases of Candida vertebral osteomyelitis have been reported in the literature. The diagnosis may be delayed due to nonspecific radiologic findings and a slow progression. We report the CT, MRI, bone scan, and PET-CT findings in a patient who developed Candida osteomyelitis, which was initially misdiagnosed as metastasis, at the atlas and axis following treatment for nasopharyngeal cancer...
April 2008: Skeletal Radiology
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