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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210643/perception-of-health-problems-among-competitive-runners-a-qualitative-study-of-cognitive-appraisals-and-behavioral-responses
#1
Sara Jelvegård, Toomas Timpka, Victor Bargoria, Håkan Gauffin, Jenny Jacobsson
BACKGROUND: Approximately 2 of every 3 competitive runners sustain at least 1 health problem each season. Most of these problems are nontraumatic injuries with gradual onset. The main known risk indicator for sustaining a new running-related injury episode is a history of a previous injury, suggesting that behavioral habits are part of the causal mechanisms. PURPOSE: Identification of elements associated with purposeful interpretations of body perceptions and balanced behavioral responses may supply vital information for prevention of health problems in runners...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210498/efficacy-of-hbm-based-dietary-education-intervention-on-knowledge-attitude-and-behavior-in-medical-students
#2
Hamid Reza Tavakoli, Hossein Dini-Talatappeh, Fatemeh Rahmati-Najarkolaei, Mohammad Gholami Fesharaki
BACKGROUND: Using various models of behavior change, a number of studies in the area of nutrition education have confirmed that nutrition habits and behaviors can be improved. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the effects of education on patterns of dietary consumption among medical students at the military university of Tehran, with a view to correcting those patterns. METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, 242 medical students from the Military University of Tehran were chosen by convenience sampling and then divided into control (n = 107) and intervention groups (n = 135) by block randomization...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208620/a-review-of-wearable-technologies-for-elderly-care-that-can-accurately-track-indoor-position-recognize-physical-activities-and-monitor-vital-signs-in-real-time
#3
REVIEW
Zhihua Wang, Zhaochu Yang, Tao Dong
Rapid growth of the aged population has caused an immense increase in the demand for healthcare services. Generally, the elderly are more prone to health problems compared to other age groups. With effective monitoring and alarm systems, the adverse effects of unpredictable events such as sudden illnesses, falls, and so on can be ameliorated to some extent. Recently, advances in wearable and sensor technologies have improved the prospects of these service systems for assisting elderly people. In this article, we review state-of-the-art wearable technologies that can be used for elderly care...
February 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207403/predictive-walking-age-health-analyzer
#4
Priyanka Mandal, Krishna Tank, Tapas Monday, Chih-Hung Chen, M Jamal Deen
A simple, low-power and wearable health analyzer for early identification and management of some diseases is presented. To achieve this goal, we propose a walking pattern analysis system that uses features such as speed, energy, turn ratio, and bipedal behavior to characterize and classify individuals in distinct walking-ages. A database is constructed from 74 healthy young adults in the age range of 18 to 60 years using the combination of inertial signals from an accelerometer and a gyroscope on a level path including turns...
February 9, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191334/predictors-of-oral-health-behaviors-in-female-students-an-application-of-the-health-belief-model
#5
Fatemeh Rahmati-Najarkolaei, Parvin Rahnama, Mohammad Gholami Fesharaki, Vahid Behnood
BACKGROUND: Oral and dental health diseases can affect the general health of students. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the predictors of oral and dental health behavior using the health belief model (HBM) in female students in Teheran, Iran. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study framed by the HBM, including 400 female students living in district 5 of Tehran, Iran. The sampling technique used in this study was multi-stage stratified random sampling...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188586/increasing-physical-activity-through-principles-of-habit-formation-in-new-gym-members-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Navin Kaushal, Ryan E Rhodes, John C Spence, John T Meldrum
BACKGROUND: The promotion of physical activity (PA) is paramount to public health, yet interventions in the social cognitive tradition have yielded negligible improvements. The limited progression may be due to an overreliance on intention as the proximal determinant of behavior and a lack of consideration of implicit/automatic processes. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a habit formation intervention on PA over 8 weeks in a two-arm parallel design, randomized controlled trial...
February 10, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184154/investigation-of-the-effect-of-education-based-on-the-health-belief-model-on-the-adoption-of-hypertension-controlling-behaviors-in-the-elderly
#7
Mahboobeh Khorsandi, Zohreh Fekrizadeh, Nasrin Roozbahani
PURPOSE: Hypertension is one of the risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and stroke, and has a direct relationship with aging. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of education based on the health belief model (HBM) on the adoption of hypertension-controlling behaviors in the elderly. METHODS: The present quasiexperimental study was conducted on 100 hypertensive elderly persons from Qom, Iran. The questionnaire was completed by the participants before, immediately after, and 3 months after the intervention...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182469/health-behavior-models-for-informing-digital-technology-interventions-for-individuals-with-mental-illness
#8
John A Naslund, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Sunny Jung Kim, Gregory J McHugo, Jürgen Unützer, Stephen J Bartels, Lisa A Marsch
OBJECTIVE: Theoretical models offer valuable insights for designing effective and sustainable behavioral health interventions, yet the application of theory for informing digital technology interventions for people with mental illness has received limited attention. We offer a perspective on the importance of applying behavior theories and models to developing digital technology interventions for addressing mental and physical health concerns among people with mental illness. METHOD: In this commentary, we summarize prominent theories of human behavior, highlight key theoretical constructs, and identify opportunities to inform digital health interventions for people with mental illness...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176923/the-mediating-role-of-self-efficacy-in-the-relationship-between-premotivational-cognitions-and-engagement-in-multiple-health-behaviors-a-theory-based-cross-sectional-study-among-township-residents-in-south-africa
#9
Ndumiso Tshuma, Keith Muloongo, Emile S Nkwei, Olufunke A Alaba, Maheedhariah S Meera, Maboe G Mokgobi, Peter S Nyasulu
BACKGROUND: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are one of the major global health challenges in developed countries and are rapidly increasing globally. Perception of self-efficacy is important for complex activities and long-term changes in health behavior. This study aimed to determine whether self-efficacy mediates the effect of individual beliefs (perceived severity, susceptibility, benefits and barriers) among informal settlement residents' health behavior in relation to the prevention and management of NCDs...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176150/monetary-incentive-interventions-can-enhance-psychological-factors-related-to-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption
#10
Casey K Gardiner, Angela D Bryan
BACKGROUND: Incentive interventions have gained popularity to motivate health behavior change, but some psychological theorists caution that they may have deleterious effects on factors that potentiate behavior maintenance. Importantly, no empirical study has tested whether incentives indeed have iatrogenic effects on key psychological constructs associated with health behavior change and maintenance. PURPOSE: The study aims to explore the effects of monetary incentives on theoretically informed psychological constructs and fruit and vegetable consumption...
February 7, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151098/-you-feel-you-have-to-be-made-of-steel-the-strong-black-woman-health-and-wellbeing-in-nova-scotia
#11
Josephine B Etowa, Brenda L Beagan, Felicia Eghan, Wanda Thomas Bernard
The 'Strong Black Woman' (SBW) construct has been well-documented in the United States as both an aspirational icon and a constricting burden for African-heritage women. It has not been examined among African Canadians. Drawing on qualitative interviews and standardized measures with 50 African-heritage women in Eastern Canada, our analysis reveals their perceptions of the construct as both strongly endorsed as a source of cultural pride, yet also acknowledged to take a terrible toll on health and well-being...
February 2, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148338/psychological-correlates-of-civilian-preparedness-for-conflicts
#12
Moran Bodas, Maya Siman-Tov, Shulamith Kreitler, Kobi Peleg
OBJECTIVES: Preparedness for emergencies and disasters is imperative for public resilience. Previous studies have revealed low levels of civilian preparedness for conflicts. Classic behavioral models prove inapt in describing preparedness patterns in victimized populations chronically exposed to this threat. In an effort to expand this perspective, we hypothesized that other psychological constructs are correlated with preparedness. METHODS: A cross-sectional, Internet-based study was performed in Israel in early 2016...
February 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144467/predictors-of-health-promoting-behaviors-in-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-patients-an-application-of-pender-s-health-promotion-model
#13
Hossein Mohsenipoua, Fereshteh Majlessi, Davood Shojaeizadeh, Abbas Rahimiforooshani, Rahman Ghafari, Valiollah Habibi
BACKGROUND: Advances in coronary artery surgery have reduced patient morbidity and mortality. Nevertheless, patients still have to face physical, psychological, and social problems after discharge from hospital. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of Pender's health promotion model in predicting cardiac surgery patients' lifestyles in Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised 220 patients who had undergone coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in Mazandaran province (Iran) in 2015...
September 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135691/assessment-of-acculturation-in-minority-health-research
#14
REVIEW
Molly Fox, Zaneta Thayer, Pathik D Wadhwa
Acculturation represents an important construct in the context of health disparities. Although several studies have reported relationships between various aspects of acculturation and health in minority populations, crucial inconsistencies remain. One likely reason for these inconsistencies may relate to limitations in the conceptualization and operationalization of acculturation, particularly in the context of health research. The acculturation construct underwent major conceptual and operational change when it was adapted from anthropology to psychology, and we argue another major shift is now required for use of this construct in health research...
January 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135609/distress-tolerance-dimensions-and-smoking-behavior-among-mexican-daily-smokers-a-preliminary-investigation
#15
Brooke Y Kauffman, Lorra Garey, Jafar Bakhshaie, Rubén Rodríguez, Samuel Jurado Cárdenas, Patricia Edith Campos Coy, Michael J Zvolensk
INTRODUCTION: Distress intolerance has been implicated in various aspects of smoking maintenance and quit behavior, although past work has been conducted almost exclusively among European American samples. METHOD: The present study sought to extend past work by exploring distinct subdimensions of distress tolerance (Tolerance, Appraisal, Regulation, and Absorption) among a sample of 113 (53.1% female; Mage=22.81, SD=2.13) adult daily smokers from Mexico City, Mexico in regard to multiple indices of problematic smoking...
January 23, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135474/a-critical-review-of-instruments-measuring-breastfeeding-attitudes-knowledge-and-social-support
#16
Corrine S Casal, Ann Lei, Sera L Young, Emily L Tuthill
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding provides beneficial health outcomes for infants and their mothers, and increasing its practice is a national priority in many countries. Despite increasing support to exclusively breastfeed, the prevalence at 6 months remains low. Breastfeeding behavior is influenced by a myriad of determinants, including breastfeeding attitudes, knowledge, and social support. Effective measurement of these determinants is critical to provide optimal support for women throughout the breastfeeding period...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133440/the-role-of-self-efficacy-adaptive-coping-and-smoking-urges-in-long-term-cessation-outcomes
#17
Claire E Blevins, Samantha G Farris, Richard A Brown, David R Strong, Ana M Abrantes
OBJECTIVE: Smoking cessation self-efficacy and adaptive coping are posited as two important treatment targets in smoking cessation interventions, especially in the context of handling strong urges to smoke. Yet, less is known about whether intervention-related changes in these constructs predict long-term smoking outcomes. The current study aimed to examine changes in smoking urges, smoking cessation self-efficacy, and adaptive coping following a health-focused and cognitive-behavioral telephone-delivered smoking cessation treatment, and the association to smoking reduction during long-term, 12-month follow-up...
December 2016: Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127691/toxic-metals-in-tissues-of-fishes-from-the-black-sea-and-associated-human-health-risk-exposure
#18
Gabriel Plavan, Oana Jitar, Carmen Teodosiu, Mircea Nicoara, Dragos Micu, Stefan-Adrian Strungaru
The anthropogenic activities in the Black Sea area are responsible for toxic metal contamination of sea food products. In this study, several toxic metals: cadmium, lead, nickel, chromium, and copper were quantified in different tissues (digestive tract, muscle, skeleton, skin) of nine fish species (Neogobius melanostomus, Belone belone, Solea solea, Trachurus mediterraneus ponticus, Sardina pilchardus, Engraulis encrasicolus, Pomatomus saltatrix, Sprattus sprattus, Scorpaena porcus) by using atomic absorption spectrometer with a high-resolution continuum source and graphite furnace technique (HR-CS GF-AAS), and the risk of fish meat consumption by the young human population was evaluated...
January 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126069/validity-evidence-for-the-adaptation-of-the-state-mindfulness-scale-for-physical-activity-sms-pa-in-spanish-youth
#19
Sarah Ullrich-French, Juan González Hernández, María D Hidalgo Montesinos
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness is an increasingly popular construct with promise in enhancing multiple positive health outcomes. Physical activity is an important behavior for enhancing overall health, but no Spanish language scale exists to test how mindfulness during physical activity may facilitate physical activity motivation or behavior. This study examined the validity of a Spanish adaption of a new scale, the State Mindfulness Scale for Physical Activity, to assess mindfulness during a specific experience of physical activity...
February 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126068/spanish-validation-of-the-domain-specific-risk-taking-dospert-30-scale
#20
Luis M Lozano, Alberto Megías, Andrés Catena, José C Perales, Sabina Baltruschat, Antonio Cándido
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to develop and validate a Spanish version of the short Domain-Specific Risk-Taking (DOSPERT-30) scale, measuring risk-taking behavior, risk perception, and expected beneficial consequences (from taking risks) in five life domains: ethics, finance, health/security, recreational, and social decisions. METHOD: The scale was back-translated, and administered online to 826 participants. Validity evidence was tested using correlations with construct-related instruments (UPPS-P and SSS-V), as well as using factor analysis...
February 2017: Psicothema
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