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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331637/development-of-a-multi-dimensional-scale-to-measure-trauma-associated-with-child-sexual-abuse-mscsa-and-its-ramifying-impacts-on-children-a-pilot-study
#1
Vandana Choudhary, Sujata Satapathy, Rajesh Sagar
BACKGROUND: With the rising incidence of CSA in India and absence of culturally competent tool to assess the impact of trauma, there is a dire need for development of a comprehensive scale to assess the impact of trauma on children. Thus, the present study aims to develop a multi-dimensional CSA tool for children aged between 7 and 13 years. METHOD: Qualitative research method of FGD/Key Interviews with 4 group participants (Parents, counsellors, mental health and medical professionals) and in-depth interview with children having history of CSA was conducted along with item pooling from existing scales...
January 4, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331365/assessment-of-test-retest-reliability-of-a-food-choice-task-among-healthy-individuals
#2
Karin Foerde, Loren Gianini, Yuanjia Wang, Peng Wu, Daphna Shohamy, B Timothy Walsh, Joanna E Steinglass
Aberrations in eating patterns constitute a substantial public health burden. Computer-based paradigms that measure responses to images of foods are potentially useful tools for assessing food attitudes and characteristics of eating behavior. In particular, food choice tasks attempt to directly probe aspects of individuals' decisions about what to eat. In the Food Choice Task participants rate the healthiness and tastiness of a variety of food items presented one at a time. Next, participants choose for each food item whether they prefer to eat the item vs...
January 10, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331101/theory-analysis-for-pender-s-health-promotion-model-hpm-by-barnum-s-criteria-a-critical-perspective
#3
REVIEW
Zohreh Khoshnood, Masoud Rayyani, Batool Tirgari
Background Analysis of nursing theoretical works and its role in knowledge development is presented as an essential process of critical reflection. Health promotion model (HPM) focuses on helping people achieve higher levels of well-being and identifies background factors that influence health behaviors. Objectives This paper aims to evaluate, and critique HPM by Barnum's criteria. Methods The present study reviewed books and articles derived from Proquest, PubMed, Blackwell Databases. The method of evaluation for this model is based on Barnum's criteria for analysis, application and evaluation of nursing theories...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330002/choosing-a-healthy-and-sustainable-diet-a-three-level-approach-for-understanding-the-drivers-of-the-italians-dietary-regime-over-time
#4
Ilaria Benedetti, Tiziana Laureti, Luca Secondi
Dietary patterns play key roles in health promotion and in preserving the environment. A growing number of studies show the importance of individual factors on food consumption choices, such as socio-economic status, lifestyle variables and contextual and social factors that characterize the geographical area in which individuals reside. The Mediterranean Diet is a sustainable diet that respects the environment, thus reducing per capita emissions from food production in respect to less sustainable diet. The aim of this paper is to determine the Italians' prevailing food patterns using a composite indicator and to identify which factors determine a higher adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Italy...
January 9, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324567/electronic-health-record-implementation-findings-at-a-large-suburban-health-and-human-services-department
#5
Kenyon Crowley, Anubhuti Mishra, Raul Cruz-Cano, Robert Gold, Dushanka Kleinman, Ritu Agarwal
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate an electronic health record (EHR) implementation across a large public health department to better understand and improve implementation effectiveness of EHRs in public health departments. DESIGN: A survey based on Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research constructs was administered to staff before and after implementation of an EHR. SETTING: Large suburban county department of health and human services that provides clinical, behavioral, social, and oral health services...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317384/identifying-opinion-leaders-to-promote-organ-donation-on-social-media-network-study
#6
Jingyuan Shi, Charles T Salmon
BACKGROUND: In the recent years, social networking sites (SNSs, also called social media) have been adopted in organ donation campaigns, and recruiting opinion leaders for such campaigns has been found effective in promoting behavioral changes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to focus on the dissemination of organ donation tweets on Weibo, the Chinese equivalent of Twitter, and to examine the opinion leadership in the retweet network of popular organ donation messages using social network analysis...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313407/sense-of-coherence-smoking-status-biochemical-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-body-mass-in-blue-collar-workers-short-report
#7
Anna Najder
The crucial cause of cardiovascular disorders is atherosclerosis developed by abnormal cholesterols levels or disorders affecting blood glucose. One of the best-known cardiovascular risk factors is also tobacco smoking. Simultaneously, sense of coherence (SoC) as a personal resource motivating to managing one's own health behaviors, such as avoiding tobacco smoking, was reported to be protective against coronary heart disease. Such association was observed in white-collar workers but not in blue-collar workers...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313300/the-effect-of-educational-intervention-based-on-health-belief-model-and-social-support-on-promoting-skin-cancer-preventive-behaviors-in-a-sample-of-iranian-farmers
#8
Ali Khani Jeihooni, Tayebeh Rakhshani
Skin cancer is one of the most common cancers in Iran. Farmers are exposed to the sun's ultraviolet radiation due to their job and are susceptible to skin cancer. The aim of this study is to survey the effect of educational intervention based on health belief model and social support on promoting skin cancer preventive behaviors in farmers of Fasa City, Fars province, Iran. In this quasi-experimental study, 200 farmers (100 in experimental group and 100 in control group) in Fasa City, Fars, Iran, were selected in 2017...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300702/the-cost-effectiveness-of-the-online-mindspot-clinic-for-the-treatment-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-australia
#9
Yu-Chen Lee, Lan Gao, Blake F Dear, Nickolai Titov, Cathrine Mihalopoulos
BACKGROUND: The MindSpot Clinic (MindSpot) offers internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (iCBT) courses for people with anxiety and depressive disorders in Australia. The efficacy credentials of the courses offered at MindSpot are now well established but not the credentials of cost-effectiveness. The current study is aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the Wellbeing Course offered in MindSpot in comparison with the routine/usual care (defined as care in the absence of MindSpot) for people with symptoms of depression or/and anxiety from the perspective of Australian Department of Health...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300696/messengers-and-messages-for-tweets-that-used-thinspo-and-fitspo-hashtags-in-2016
#10
Jenine K Harris, Alexis Duncan, Vera Men, Nora Shevick, Melissa J Krauss, Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
INTRODUCTION: Twitter is widely used by young adults and is popular for seeking and sharing health information. The hashtags #thinspo and #fitspo provide a way to identify tweets designed to inspire thinness (thinspiration, thinspo) or fitness (fitspiration, fitspo). However, despite having different purposes, both terms may be associated with content that promotes eating disorders. We sought to 1) examine and compare the characteristics of senders and the content of tweets using these hashtags and 2) identify characteristics associated with engagement with a #thinspo or #fitspo tweet...
January 4, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299763/the-health-knowledge-mechanism-evidence-on-the-link-between-education-and-health-lifestyle-in-the-philippines
#11
Roman Hoffmann, Sebastian Uljas Lutz
Studies have found substantial differences in health-related behavior and health care usage between educational groups, which may explain part of the well-documented educational gradient in health. The allocative efficiency hypothesis offers a behavioral explanation for these reported differences. According to this theory, the educated possess more health knowledge and information, allowing them to make better health choices. We perform a mediation analysis to study this mechanism using original survey data from the Philippines, a lower-middle-income country...
January 3, 2018: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298634/school-based-nutrition-education-intervention-using-social-cognitive-theory-for-overweight-and-obese-iranian-adolescent-girls-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Mohammad Bagherniya, Manoj Sharma, Firoozeh Mostafavi Darani, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Mohammad Safarian, Ramesh Allipour Birgani, Vida Bitarafan, Seyed Ali Keshavarz
Background Nowadays childhood obesity has become one the most challenging issue which is considered as a principle public health problem all around the world. This study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the impact of a 7-month school-based nutrition education intervention using social cognitive theory (SCT) to prevent obesity among overweight and obese adolescent girls. Method In this cluster randomized community trial after choosing schools, a total of 172 overweight and obese girl students participated in the study (87 in the intervention and 85 in the control group)...
January 1, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294756/-if-she-refuses-to-have-sex-with-you-just-make-her-tipsy-a-qualitative-study-exploring-alcohol-facilitated-sexual-violence-against-nigerian-female-students
#13
Emeka W Dumbili, Clare Williams
Most research on alcohol consumption and related sexual violence focuses on Western societies. Drawing on traditional masculinity scripts, this article contributes to the culturally specific understanding of how Nigerian sociocultural constructions of alcohol consumption facilitate sexual violence against women. In-depth interviews were conducted with 31 male and female undergraduate students (aged 19-23 years), exploring how the gendering of alcoholic beverages facilitates men's perpetration of sexual violence against women in a Nigerian university...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283797/measuring-sleep-in-vulnerable-older-adults-a-comparison-of-subjective-and-objective-sleep-measures
#14
Jaime M Hughes, Yeonsu Song, Constance H Fung, Joseph M Dzierzewski, Michael N Mitchell, Stella Jouldjian, Karen R Josephson, Cathy A Alessi, Jennifer L Martin
OBJECTIVES: This study compared subjective (questionnaire) and objective (actigraphy) sleep assessments, and examined agreement between these methods, in vulnerable older adults participating in a Veterans Administration Adult Day Health Care (ADHC) program. METHODS: 59 ADHC participants (95% male, mean age = 78 years) completed sleep questionnaires and 72 continuous hours of wrist actigraphy. Linear regression was used to examine agreement between methods and explore discrepancies in subjective/objective measures...
December 8, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283493/the-checklist-of-unit-behaviors-cub-validation-within-a-canadian-outpatient-day-hospital-program
#15
Marlene Taube-Schiff, Christo El Morr, Alyssa Counsell, Aiden Mehak, Jackie Gollan
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the Checklist of Unit Behaviors (CUB) questionnaire in a novel mental health setting: a day hospital within a large acute care general hospital. The CUB measures two factors, Avoidance or Approach, of the patients' engagement with the treatment milieu within the previous 24 hours. AIM: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was conducted to validate the CUB's original two factor structure in an outpatient day program. METHOD: Psychiatric outpatients (N=163) completed the CUB daily while participating in a day hospital program in Toronto, Canada...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277519/how-to-bridge-the-intention-behavior-gap-in-food-parenting-automatic-constructs-and-underlying-techniques
#16
REVIEW
Junilla K Larsen, Roel C J Hermans, Ester F C Sleddens, Jacqueline Vink, Stef Kremers, Emilie Ruiter, Jennifer O Fisher
Although parents often report positive intentions to promote and create a healthy food environment for their children (e.g., setting limits to snacks offered), they also experience difficulties in translating these intentions into actual behaviors. In this position paper, we argue that automatic processes explain an important part of the gap between parents' intentions and their actual food parenting behaviors. We provide a conceptual framework in which we hypothesize that automatic effects on food parenting occur through two key interrelated constructs: habits (key outcome construct) and volitional regulation behaviors (key mediating construct)...
December 22, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276801/psychological-well-being-and-type-2-diabetes
#17
Christina N Massey, Emily H Feig, Laura Duque-Serrano, Jeff C Huffman
Positive psychological characteristics such as optimism, positive affect, gratitude, and related constructs may play an important role in health. In patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), positive psychological constructs have been associated with superior medical outcomes, including better glucose control and lower mortality rates. The beneficial effects of positive psychological states in T2D are most likely mediated through health behaviors such as increased physical activity and adherence to a healthier diet...
October 2017: Current research in diabetes & obesity journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275958/edeus-a-real-life-study-on-the-users-of-phosphodiesterase-type-5-inhibitors-prevalence-perceptions-and-health-care-seeking-behavior-among-european-men-with-a-focus-on-2nd-generation-avanafil
#18
Giovanni Corona, Mario Maggi, Emmanuele A Jannini
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a multidimensional disorder with an estimated prevalence of 1% to 10% in men younger than 40 years and up to 100% in men in their 70s and 80s. AIM: To evaluate the real-life characteristics and unmet needs of men with ED, its impact on well-being, and treatment rates across Europe. METHODS: Adult men in Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain were invited to participate in the survey...
December 21, 2017: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273574/consumer-adoption-of-future-mydata-based-preventive-ehealth-services-an-acceptance-model-and-survey-study
#19
Timo Koivumäki, Saara Pekkarinen, Minna Lappi, Jere Väisänen, Jouni Juntunen, Minna Pikkarainen
BACKGROUND: Constantly increasing health care costs have led countries and health care providers to the point where health care systems must be reinvented. Consequently, electronic health (eHealth) has recently received a great deal of attention in social sciences in the domain of Internet studies. However, only a fraction of these studies focuses on the acceptability of eHealth, making consumers' subjective evaluation an understudied field. This study will address this gap by focusing on the acceptance of MyData-based preventive eHealth services from the consumer point of view...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258459/-once-the-delivery-is-done-they-have-finished-a-qualitative-study-of-perspectives-on-postnatal-care-referrals-by-traditional-birth-attendants-in-ebonyi-state-nigeria
#20
Adanna Chukwuma, Chinyere Mbachu, Jessica Cohen, Thomas Bossert, Margaret McConnell
BACKGROUND: While 79% of Nigerian mothers who deliver in facilities receive postnatal care within 48 h of delivery, this is only true for 16% of mothers who deliver outside facilities. Most maternal deaths can be prevented with access to timely and competent health care. Thus, the World Health Organization, International Confederation of Midwives, and International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics recommend that unskilled birth attendants be involved in advocacy for skilled care use among mothers...
December 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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