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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919729/psychometric-properties-of-the-korean-version-of-the-pulmonary-rehabilitation-adapted-index-of-self-efficacy-praise-for-individuals-with-copd
#1
Hee-Young Song, Kyoung A Nam
PURPOSE: Self-efficacy is related to the emotional functioning and coping skills of an individual and is thought to be a predictor of health behaviors, which are particularly important for pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). To our knowledge, no measure of self-efficacy has been validated to explore behavior changes in the context of PR for patients with COPD in Korea. This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Korean version of the Pulmonary Rehabilitation Adapted Index of Self-Efficacy (PRAISE)...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917950/suicide-behavior-and-associated-psychosocial-factors-among-adolescents-in-campeche-mexico
#2
Catalina González-Forteza, Carlos E Juárez-López, Alberto Jiménez, Liliana Montejo-León, Ulises R Rodríguez-Santisbón, Fernando A Wagner
Suicide is an important public health problem that requires a preventive approach. The present study aimed at assessing suicidal behaviors and their relations with other psychosocial factors in Campeche, Mexico, in order to inform the design of potential preventive interventions. A multistage probability sample of 2386 students representative of all middle schools of the state of Campeche, Mexico, took a standardized, paper-and-pencil survey covering selected psychosocial constructs including suicide behavior, depression, drug use, familial relationships, locus of control, impulsivity, and self-esteem, among others...
September 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915992/-boys-should-have-the-courage-to-ask-a-girl-out-gender-norms-in-early-adolescent-romantic-relationships
#3
Sara De Meyer, Anna Kågesten, Kristin Mmari, Juliet McEachran, Elisa Chilet-Rosell, Caroline W Kabiru, Beatrice Maina, Elena M Jerves, Candace Currie, Kristien Michielsen
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to explore how gender norms emerge in romantic relationships among early adolescents (EAs) living in five poor urban areas. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Global Early Adolescent Study. The current research analyzed data from interviews with 30 EAs (aged 11-13 years) living in five poor urban sites: Baltimore, Cuenca, Edinburgh, Ghent, and Nairobi. All interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed in English using Atlas...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913671/the-effect-of-educational-program-based-on-precede-model-in-promoting-prostate-cancer-screening-in-a-sample-of-iranian-men
#4
Ali Khani Jeihooni, Seyyed Mansour Kashfi, Mahmood Hatami, Abulqasim Avand, Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan
Prostate cancer is one of the most prevalent diseases among men. This study aimed to assess the effect of educational program based on Predisposing, Reinforcing, and Enabling Constructs in Educational/Environmental Diagnosis and Evaluation (PRECEDE) model in promoting prostate cancer screening in a sample of Iranian men. This is a quasi-experimental study carried out on 300 men aged 40 to 70 (the subjects 150 experimental and 150 control groups) in Shiraz City, Fars Province, Iran, in 2016. The participants of the intervention group attended training based on the PRECEDE model...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901713/neural-correlates-of-interoception-effects-of-interoceptive-focus-and-relationship-to-dimensional-measures-of-body-awareness
#5
Emily R Stern, Stephanie J Grimaldi, Alexandra Muratore, James Murrough, Evan Leibu, Lazar Fleysher, Wayne K Goodman, Katherine E Burdick
Interoception has been defined as the sensing of the physiological condition of the body, with interoceptive sensibility (IS) characterizing an individual's self-reported awareness of internal sensation. IS is a multidimensional construct including not only the tendency to be aware of sensation but also how sensations are interpreted, regulated, and used to inform behavior, with different dimensions relating to different aspects of health and disease. Here we investigated neural mechanisms of interoception when healthy individuals attended to their heartbeat and skin temperature, and examined the relationship between neural activity during interoception and individual differences in self-reported IS using the Multidimensional Scale of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA)...
September 12, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901536/validation-of-the-pedsql-epilepsy-module-a-pediatric-epilepsy-specific-health-related-quality-of-life-measure
#6
Avani C Modi, Katherine F Junger, Constance A Mara, Tanja Kellermann, Lauren Barrett, Janelle Wagner, Grace A Mucci, Laurie Bailey, Dace Almane, Shanna M Guilfoyle, Lauryn Urso, Brooke Hater, Heather Hustzi, Gigi Smith, Bruce Herrmann, M Scott Perry, Mary Zupanc, James W Varni
OBJECTIVE: To validate a brief and reliable epilepsy-specific, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measure in children with various seizure types, treatments, and demographic characteristics. METHODS: This national validation study was conducted across five epilepsy centers in the United States. Youth 5-18 years and caregivers of youth 2-18 years diagnosed with epilepsy completed the PedsQL Epilepsy Module and additional questionnaires to establish reliability and validity of the epilepsy-specific HRQOL instrument...
September 13, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899365/implementation-of-internet-delivered-cognitive-behavior-therapy-within-community-mental-health-clinics-a-process-evaluation-using-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research
#7
H D Hadjistavropoulos, M M Nugent, D Dirkse, N Pugh
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are prevalent and under treated conditions that create enormous burden for the patient and the health system. Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) improves patient access to treatment by providing therapeutic information via the Internet, presented in sequential lessons, accompanied by brief weekly therapist support. While there is growing research supporting ICBT, use of ICBT within community mental health clinics is limited. In a recent trial, an external unit specializing in ICBT facilitated use of ICBT in community mental health clinics in one Canadian province (ISRCTN42729166; registered November 5, 2013)...
September 12, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894733/the-impact-of-maternal-self-efficacy-and-oral-health-beliefs-on-early-childhood-caries-in-latino-children
#8
Anne R Wilson, Matthew J Mulvahill, Tamanna Tiwari
OBJECTIVES: Latino children experience one of the highest rates of early childhood caries requiring interventions based on valid conceptual frameworks. The Health Belief Model has relevance as a predictor of compliance with health recommendations based on perceptions of a health condition and behaviors to avoid the condition. The model encompasses four perceptual constructs (susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers) and, for complex conditions, includes self-efficacy as an extended model...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894073/-structural-equation-modeling-on-self-care-behavior-and-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-with-diabetes-using-citizen-health-promotion-centers
#9
Songheun Lee, Hyunli Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to construct and test a structural equation model for Diabetes self-management (DSM) behavior and Quality of life (QoL) in older adults with diabetes who use Citizen Health Promotion Centers. The theory used this study was a combination of the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Model (IMB) and Self-Determination Theory (SDT) to reflect autonomous characteristics of participants. METHODS: Data were collected from April 20 to August 31, 2015 using a self-report questionnaire...
August 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887747/reliability-and-validity-of-the-work-and-well-being-inventory-wbi-for-employees
#10
A A Vendrig, F G Schaafsma
Purpose The purpose of this study is to measure the psychometric properties of the Work and Wellbeing Inventory (WBI) (in Dutch: VAR-2), a screening tool that is used within occupational health care and rehabilitation. Our research question focused on the reliability and validity of this inventory. Methods Over the years seven different samples of workers, patients and sick listed workers varying in size between 89 and 912 participants (total: 2514), were used to measure the test-retest reliability, the internal consistency, the construct and concurrent validity, and the criterion and predictive validity...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885949/assessing-military-community-support-relations-among-perceived-military-community-support-child-psychosocial-adjustment-and-parent-psychosocial-adjustment
#11
Allison M Conforte, Jennifer L Bakalar, Lisa M Shank, Jeffrey Quinlan, Mark B Stephens, Tracy Sbrocco, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff
INTRODUCTION: The emotional, cognitive, and behavioral health of the nearly two million children of military service members in the United States is important as these children play an integral role in the operational readiness of the armed forces. For example, when a service member's child experiences psychosocial difficulties, these difficulties often impact the service member's personal well-being and ability to focus at work, impairing the service member's ability to focus on the mission...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885154/sequence-synopsis-optimize-visual-summary-of-temporal-event-data
#12
Yuanzhe Chen, Panpan Xu, Liu Ren
Event sequences analysis plays an important role in many application domains such as customer behavior analysis, electronic health record analysis and vehicle fault diagnosis. Real-world event sequence data is often noisy and complex with high event cardinality, making it a challenging task to construct concise yet comprehensive overviews for such data. In this paper, we propose a novel visualization technique based on the minimum description length (MDL) principle to construct a coarse-level overview of event sequence data while balancing the information loss in it...
September 4, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879250/dental-care-related-fear-and-anxiety-distress-tolerance-as-a-possible-mechanism
#13
S H Addicks, D W McNeil, C L Randall, A Goddard, L M Romito, C Sirbu, G Kaushal, A Metzger, B D Weaver
Distress tolerance, the degree to which one is able to cope with and endure negative emotional states, has been broadly applied to understand and treat a variety of health (including behavioral) problems, but little is known about its role in oral health care and specifically dental care-related fear and anxiety, making it a novel construct in the oral health care literature. This cross-sectional study examined distress tolerance as a possible predictor of dental fear and anxiety among a sample of adults with and without diagnoses of dental phobia, investigated possible differences in levels of distress tolerance between adults with and without dental phobia, and determined possible associations between distress tolerance and fear of pain, anxiety sensitivity, and depression...
July 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865661/methods-to-assess-adverse-childhood-experiences-of-children-and-families-toward-approaches-to-promote-child-well-being-in-policy-and-practice
#14
Christina D Bethell, Adam Carle, James Hudziak, Narangerel Gombojav, Kathleen Powers, Roy Wade, Paula Braveman
BACKGROUND: Advances in human development sciences point to tremendous possibilities to promote healthy child development and well-being across life by proactively supporting safe, stable and nurturing family relationships (SSNRs), teaching resilience, and intervening early to promote healing the trauma and stress associated with disruptions in SSNRs. Assessing potential disruptions in SSNRs, such as adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), can contribute to assessing risk for trauma and chronic and toxic stress by asking about ACEs can help with efforts to prevent and attenuate negative impacts on child development and both child and family well-being...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861753/healthy-lifestyle-impact-on-breast-cancer-specific-and-all-cause-mortality
#15
Adaline E Heitz, Richard N Baumgartner, Kathy B Baumgartner, Stephanie D Boone
PURPOSE: While several studies have evaluated the association of combined lifestyle factors on breast cancer-specific mortality, few have included Hispanic women. We constructed a "healthy behavior index" (HBI) and evaluated its associations with mortality in non-Hispanic White (NHW) and Hispanic women diagnosed with breast cancer from the southwestern U.S. METHODS: Diet and lifestyle questionnaires were analyzed for 837 women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer (1999-2004) in New Mexico as part of the 4-Corners Women's Health Study...
August 31, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857960/novel-interprofessional-mentoring-intervention-to-improve-spirometry-in-primary-care-uptake-feedback-and-effects-on-behavioral-intention
#16
Samir Gupta, Christopher Allen, Dilshad Moosa, Ana MacPherson, Itamar E Tamari
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the nature and effects of mentoring interventions on evidence-based clinician behaviors. We sought to design and evaluate a novel mentorship-based intervention to improve the usage of spirometry in primary care. METHODS: This was a prospective one-year study of a pragmatic intervention across Canadian primary care sites. We established mentor-mentee pods, each including physician and nurse/allied health mentors and mentees, and enabled communication through a secure online portal; email; telephone; teleconference; videoconference; fax; and/or in person...
July 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854236/generation-and-evaluation-of-an-indicator-of-the-health-system-s-performance-in-maternal-and-reproductive-health-in-colombia-an-ecological-study
#17
Carlos Eduardo Pinzón-Flórez, Julian Alfredo Fernandez-Niño, Luz Mery Cardenas-Cardenas, Diana Marcela Díaz-Quijano, Myriam Ruiz-Rodriguez, Ludovic Reveiz, Armando Arredondo-López
OBJECTIVE: To generate and evaluate an indicator of the health system's performance in the area of maternal and reproductive health in Colombia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An indicator was constructed based on variables related to the coverage and utilization of healthcare services for pregnant and reproductive-age women. A factor analysis was performed using a polychoric correlation matrix and the states were classified according to the indicator's score. A path analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between the indicator and social determinants, with the maternal mortality ratio as the response variable...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854139/treatment-seeking-and-ebola-community-care-centers-in-sierra-leone-a-qualitative-study
#18
Simone E Carter, Marion O'Reilly, Jack Frith-Powell, Alpha Umar Kargbo, Daniel Byrne, Eva Niederberger
Ebola Treatment Units were able to provide only 60% of necessary treatment beds in Sierra Leone. As a result, the Government of Sierra Leone decided to construct Community Care Centers. These were intended to increase treatment-seeking behavior and reduce the community-level spread of Ebola by facilitating access to care closer to communities. Through qualitative data collection in 3 districts, this study seeks to understand the perceived impact that proximity to such Centers had on treatment-seeking behavior...
2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852654/assessing-the-effect-of-an-educational-intervention-program-based-on-health-belief-model-on-preventive-behaviors-of-internet-addiction
#19
Aghbabak Maheri, Azar Tol, Roya Sadeghi
INTRODUCTION: Internet addiction refers to the excessive use of the internet that causes mental, social, and physical problems. According to the high prevalence of internet addiction among university students, this study aimed to determine the effect of an educational intervention on preventive behaviors of internet addiction among Tehran University of Medical Sciences students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a quasi-experimental study conducted among female college students who live in the dormitories of Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843259/the-effect-of-health-belief-model-based-education-through-telegram-instant-messaging-services-on-pap-smear-performance
#20
Farzaneh Khademolhosseini, Azita Noroozi, Rahim Tahmasebi
Background: Pap smear is an effective screening method for early detection of cervical cancer. This study aimed to investigate the effect of education based on Health Belief Model (HBM) through Telegram instant messaging services on the Pap smear test. Material and methods: This research was a quasi-experimental study which was performed on 106 eligible women (48 participants in the intervention group and 47 participants in the control group). The patients in both groups completed the written consent form and questionnaires at the beginning of the study...
August 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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