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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909393/a-comparison-of-multiple-behavior-models-in-a-simulation-of-the-aftermath-of-an-improvised-nuclear-detonation
#1
Nidhi Parikh, Harshal G Hayatnagarkar, Richard J Beckman, Madhav V Marathe, Samarth Swarup
We describe a large-scale simulation of the aftermath of a hypothetical 10kT improvised nuclear detonation at ground level, near the White House in Washington DC. We take a synthetic information approach, where multiple data sets are combined to construct a synthesized representation of the population of the region with accurate demographics, as well as four infrastructures: transportation, healthcare, communication, and power. In this article, we focus on the model of agents and their behavior, which is represented using the options framework...
November 2016: Autonomous Agents and Multi-agent Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905956/summarizing-health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-development-and-testing-of-a-one-factor-model
#2
Shaoman Yin, Rashid Njai, Lawrence Barker, Paul Z Siegel, Youlian Liao
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a multi-dimensional concept commonly used to examine the impact of health status on quality of life. HRQOL is often measured by four core questions that asked about general health status and number of unhealthy days in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). Use of these measures individually, however, may not provide a cohesive picture of overall HRQOL. To address this concern, this study developed and tested a method for combining these four measures into a summary score...
July 11, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894030/fatigue-in-hospital-nurses-supernurse-culture-is-a-barrier-to-addressing-problems-a-qualitative-interview-study
#3
Linsey M Steege, Jessica G Rainbow
BACKGROUND: Fatigue in hospital nurses is associated with decreased nurse satisfaction, increased turnover and negative patient outcomes. Addressing fatigue in nurses has been identified as a priority by many organizations worldwide in an effort to promote both a culture of patient safety and a healthy nursing workforce. OBJECTIVES: The overall aim of this study was to explore barriers and facilitators within the hospital nurse work system to nurse coping and fatigue...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889237/universal-prevention-of-eating-disorders-a-concept-analysis
#4
Michael P Levine
The definition of universal prevention is important for theoretical, research, and policy-related reasons. The present article provides an etymological and historical look at the concept of universal prevention, in and of itself and in terms of its position on the mental health intervention spectrum involving mental health promotion, selective prevention, indicated prevention, case identification, and treatment. Following a summary of the features commonly associated with universal prevention, these characteristics are fashioned into a family resemblance model for defining the construct...
October 27, 2016: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884040/personality-makes-a-difference-attachment-orientation-moderates-theory-of-planned-behavior-prediction-of-cardiac-medication-adherence
#5
Shira Peleg, Noa Vilchinsky, William A Fisher, Abed Khaskia, Morris Mosseri
OBJECTIVE: To achieve a comprehensive understanding of patients' adherence to medication following acute coronary syndrome (ACS), we assessed the possible moderating role played by attachment orientation on the effects of attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control (PBC), as derived from the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB; Ajzen, 1991), on intention and reported adherence. METHOD: A prospective longitudinal design was employed. During hospitalization, ACS male patients (N=106) completed a set of self-report questionnaires including socio-demographic variables, attachment orientation, and measures of TPB constructs...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875504/screening-for-psychosocial-and-family-risk-in-pediatric-gastrointestinal-disorders
#6
Carin Cunningham, Elise Cho, Michele L Shaffer, Miranda C Bradford, Tonya Palermo
OBJECTIVES: Screening for psychosocial comorbidity is recommended for pediatric patients presenting at an initial gastroenterology (GI) outpatient consultation. We developed and evaluated the psychometric properties of the GI Screener to address the need for a screening tool specific to pediatric GI patients. METHODS: 128 patients (8-18 years old, 63% female) and 126 parents completed age-specific versions of the GI Screener and 3 validated psychosocial comparison instruments (The Behavioral Assessment System for Children, The Functional Disability Inventory, The General Functioning scale of the Family Assessment Device) at their initial GI consultation...
December 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870756/using-multitheory-model-of-health-behavior-change-to-predict-adequate-sleep-behavior
#7
Adam P Knowlden, Manoj Sharma, Vinayak K Nahar
The purpose of this article was to use the multitheory model of health behavior change in predicting adequate sleep behavior in college students. A valid and reliable survey was administered in a cross-sectional design (n = 151). For initiation of adequate sleep behavior, the construct of behavioral confidence (P < .001) was found to be significant and accounted for 24.4% of the variance. For sustenance of adequate sleep behavior, changes in social environment (P < .02), emotional transformation (P < ...
January 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870753/utilizing-a-social-determinant-of-health-framework-as-determinants-of-perceived-behavioral-control
#8
Sarah B Maness, Paul Branscum
Health disparities reflect inequalities in health outcomes among different populations. As a planning tool for researchers and practitioners to address health disparities, multiple frameworks utilizing social determinants of health have been proposed. Perceived behavioral control, a construct within the Integrative Behavioral Model, reflects how much control one feels over a health behavior and how easy or difficult the behavior is to enact under internal and external barriers. The purpose of this commentary is to suggest how a unified social determinant of health framework can be utilized as a predictor and determinant of the construct perceived behavioral control...
January 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870752/using-the-integrative-behavioral-model-to-predict-monitoring-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-among-hispanic-mothers
#9
Paul Branscum, Karina Lora
The purpose of this study was to operationalize the Integrative Behavioral Model (IBM) to identify significant theory-based determinants of maternal monitoring of fruit and vegetables consumption among low-income, Hispanic mothers of 2- to 5-year-old children (N = 238). Mothers completed a survey evaluating each construct of the IBM. Path analysis showed that intentions significantly predicted maternal monitoring of fruit and vegetables consumption (5.3% of the variance explained) and autonomy significantly predicted intentions (33...
January 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870750/mapping-coaches-views-of-participation-in-crossfit-to-the-integrated-theory-of-health-behavior-change-and-sense-of-community
#10
Katie M Heinrich, Taran Carlisle, Ainslie Kehler, Sarah J Cosgrove
Group-based training through CrossFit has recently exploded in popularity. Anecdotally, participants often make lifestyle changes and experience improved fitness. Participation factors were mapped to the Integrated Theory of Health Behavior Change and "sense of community" constructs. Key informant interviews were conducted with 6 CrossFit gym owners/coaches. Data were thematically coded with NVivo 10. Results revealed key factors that both facilitated and restricted participation in CrossFit. Findings provide implications for future theory application and highlight how to improve initiation and adherence by capitalizing on community building and taking steps to reduce intimidation and cost, facilitate realistic goals, and ensure social support...
January 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862933/patterns-in-response-to-chronic-terrorism-threats-a-construct-of-emotional-cognitive-and-behavioral-responses-among-israeli-citizens
#11
Keren Cohen-Louck, Yael Saka
Israeli citizens are exposed to unpredictable and chronic terrorism threats that significantly jeopardize their personal sense of safety. The purpose of the present study is to present how Israeli discourse is structured with regard to emotional, cognitive, and behavioral responses to chronic terrorism threats and to understand the range of responses as well as map the risk and protective factors of this existential threat. Semistructured in-depth interviews were conducted with 40 Israeli adults (22 women and 18 men)...
November 10, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858460/exploring-the-use-of-theory-in-a-national-text-message-campaign-addressing-problem-recognition-and-constraint-recognition-for-publics-of-pregnant-women
#12
Linda Aldoory, Erica Blue Roberts, Jessica Bushar, Luciana C Assini-Meytin
Infant mortality is associated with access to healthcare, knowledge, and health literacy. Text4baby, the largest national texting health initiative, seeks to address these factors. However, no research has examined the program's theoretical framework, an aspect that may impact its success. To address this gap, Text4baby's use of theory was evaluated through a content analysis of Text4baby messages and interviews with Text4baby content developers. We compared the main variables of health behavior theories framing Text4baby messages with the situational theory of publics and its factors of problem recognition and constraint recognition...
November 18, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857007/-a-prediction-model-of-drug-misuse-behaviors-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#13
Se Hwa Hong, Kwang Soo Yoo
PURPOSE: This study was designed to construct a model which explains drug misuse behaviors in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: The design of this research is a cross-sectional study using structure equation modeling. The hypothetical model consisted of two types of variables: the exogenous variables of health status, cognitive ability, and negative emotion, and the endogenous variables of number of drugs, and drug misuse behaviors. The data collection was conducted from September 2 to September 21, 2013 through self-report questionnaires...
October 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849284/gender-violence-and-being-homeless-the-experience-of-women-and-high-risk-drug-use
#14
Márcia Rebeca Rocha de Souza, Jeane Freitas de Oliveira, Mariana Cavalcante Guedes Chagas, Evanilda Souza de Santana Carvalho
Objective: To describe the experience of homeless women and their high risk drug use. Method: Qualitative research whose data were produced by semi-structured interviews conducted with seven women enrolled in a CAPSad in Salvador, Bahia, in the period from October to December 2012. Results: Theme content analysis was adopted to organize the data that resulted from processing two thematic categories: Gender, violence and drug use: What changes and what is perpetuated in the life of women users; No strings attached: life on the streets...
November 16, 2016: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848213/a-computational-cognitive-model-of-self-efficacy-and-daily-adherence-in-mhealth
#15
Peter Pirolli
Mobile health (mHealth) applications provide an excellent opportunity for collecting rich, fine-grained data necessary for understanding and predicting day-to-day health behavior change dynamics. A computational predictive model (ACT-R-DStress) is presented and fit to individual daily adherence in 28-day mHealth exercise programs. The ACT-R-DStress model refines the psychological construct of self-efficacy. To explain and predict the dynamics of self-efficacy and predict individual performance of targeted behaviors, the self-efficacy construct is implemented as a theory-based neurocognitive simulation of the interaction of behavioral goals, memories of past experiences, and behavioral performance...
December 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848208/development-of-a-dynamic-computational-model-of-social-cognitive-theory
#16
William T Riley, Cesar A Martin, Daniel E Rivera, Eric B Hekler, Marc A Adams, Matthew P Buman, Misha Pavel, Abby C King
Social cognitive theory (SCT) is among the most influential theories of behavior change and has been used as the conceptual basis of health behavior interventions for smoking cessation, weight management, and other health behaviors. SCT and other behavior theories were developed primarily to explain differences between individuals, but explanatory theories of within-person behavioral variability are increasingly needed as new technologies allow for intensive longitudinal measures and interventions adapted from these inputs...
December 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847350/design-considerations-in-development-of-a-mobile-health-intervention-program-the-text-me-and-textmeds-experience
#17
Jay Thakkar, Tony Barry, Aravinda Thiagalingam, Julie Redfern, Alistair L McEwan, Anthony Rodgers, Clara K Chow
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) has huge potential to deliver preventative health services. However, there is paucity of literature on theoretical constructs, technical, practical, and regulatory considerations that enable delivery of such services. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to outline the key considerations in the development of a text message-based mHealth program; thus providing broad recommendations and guidance to future researchers designing similar programs...
November 15, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847002/predicting-the-effectiveness-of-road-safety-campaigns-through-alternative-research-designs
#18
Giannis Adamos, Eftihia Nathanail
INTRODUCTION: A large number of road safety communication campaigns have been designed and implemented in the recent years; however their explicit impact on driving behavior and road accident rates has been estimated in a rather low proportion. METHOD: Based on the findings of the evaluation of three road safety communication campaigns addressing the issues of drinking and driving, seat belt usage, and driving fatigue, this paper applies different types of research designs (i...
December 2016: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846857/uptake-of-the-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-in-kenya-testing-the-health-belief-model-through-pathway-modeling-on-cohort-data
#19
Heleen Vermandere, Marie-Anne van Stam, Violet Naanyu, Kristien Michielsen, Olivier Degomme, Frans Oort
BACKGROUND: Many studies investigate HPV vaccine acceptability, applying health behavior theories to identify determinants; few include real uptake, the final variable of interest. This study investigated the utility of the Health Belief Model (HBM) in predicting HPV vaccine uptake in Kenya, focusing on the importance of promotion, probing willingness to vaccinate as precursor of uptake and exploring the added value of personal characteristics. METHODS: Longitudinal data were collected before and after a pilot HPV vaccination program in Eldoret among mothers of eligible girls (N = 255)...
November 15, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845521/adolescents-experience-of-parental-psychological-caregiving-and-neglect-construct-development
#20
Sharon L Christ, Yoon Young Kwak, Ting Lu
Psychological or emotional neglect is a recognized form of child maltreatment in the United States. However, neglect as a form of maltreatment and particularly psychological neglect as a subtype are understudied relative to other forms of maltreatment. One reason for this is that few measures of psychological (or emotional) neglect are available and there remains some uncertainty about how to define and measure it. In this article, we put forth a theoretical definition of psychological caregiving, including omission of care or psychological neglect of adolescents by their primary caregivers...
August 15, 2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
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