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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781666/validation-of-the-shortened-perceived-medical-condition-self-management-scale-in-patients-with-chronic-disease
#1
Marcus G Wild, Remo Ostini, Magdalena Harrington, Kerri L Cavanaugh, Kenneth A Wallston
Self-efficacy, or perceived competence, has been identified as an important factor in self-management behaviors and health outcomes in patients with chronic disease. Measures of self-management self-efficacy are currently available for multiple forms of chronic disease. One established measure is the 8-item Perceived Medical Condition Self-Management Scale (PMCSMS). This study investigated the use of the PMCSMS in samples of patients with a chronic disease to develop an abbreviated version of the scale that could be more readily used in clinical contexts or in large population health cohort studies...
May 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781341/bullying-and-attitudes-toward-masculinity-in-croatian-schools-behavioral-and-emotional-characteristics-of-students-who-bully-others
#2
Natko Gereš, Pamela Orpinas, Urelija Rodin, Danijela Štimac-Grbić, Aida Mujkić
Prevention of bullying is paramount to creating a positive and welcoming school environment. This study compared the following characteristics reported by students who had perpetrated bullying in Croatian schools and those who did not: gender, type of school, family wealth, negative emotionality, behaviors that may compromise health, and endorsement of traditional masculinity. Within the framework of the "Croatian Adolescent Masculinity Study," second and third grade students of secondary schools (equivalent to tenth and eleventh grade in the United States) in the city of Zagreb ( N = 4,072) completed a cross-sectional, paper-and-pencil survey...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780762/framing-and-visual-type-effect-on-future-zika-vaccine-uptake-intent
#3
Jeanine P D Guidry, Kellie E Carlyle, Jessica G LaRose, Paul Perrin, Mark Ryan, Marcus Messner, Jay Adams
Introduction: The Zika virus is associated with the birth defect microcephaly, and while a vaccine was not available in early- 2017, several were under development. This study's purpose was to identify effective communication strategies to promote uptake of a new vaccine, particularly among women of reproductive age. Design and methods: In order to study the effects of Zika message framing (gain vs . loss) and visual type (photo vs . infographic) on future Zika vaccine uptake intent, a 2×2 between-subjects experiment was performed via an online survey in 2017 among 339 U...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780639/factors-predicting-self-care-behaviors-among-low-health-literacy-hypertensive-patients-based-on-health-belief-model-in-bushehr-district-south-of-iran
#4
Azam Larki, Rahim Tahmasebi, Mahnoush Reisi
The aim of this study was to determine the factors influencing adherence to self-care behaviors among low health literacy hypertensive patients based on health belief model. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 152 hypertensive patients with low health literacy. Patients with limited health literacy were identified by S-TOFHLA. The data were collected using H-scale for assessing self-care behaviors and, HK-LS for assessing knowledge of hypertension. A researcher-made questionnaire was applied for collecting data of health belief model constructs...
2018: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776621/relationship-between-sleep-duration-and-self-reported-health-related-quality-of-life-among-us-adults-with-or-without-major-chronic-diseases-2014
#5
Yong Liu, Anne G Wheaton, Janet B Croft, Fang Xu, Timothy J Cunningham, Kurt J Greenlund
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between sleep duration and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among adults with or without chronic conditions. METHODS: Using the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, we analyzed self-reported data from adult respondents aged ≥18 years with (n=277,757, unhealthy group) and without (n=172,052. healthy group) reported history of any of nine chronic conditions (coronary heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, asthma, arthritis, depression, chronic kidney disease)...
June 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774571/clustering-and-variable-selection-in-the-presence-of-mixed-variable-types-and-missing-data
#6
C B Storlie, S M Myers, S K Katusic, A L Weaver, R G Voigt, P E Croarkin, R E Stoeckel, J D Port
We consider the problem of model-based clustering in the presence of many correlated, mixed continuous, and discrete variables, some of which may have missing values. Discrete variables are treated with a latent continuous variable approach, and the Dirichlet process is used to construct a mixture model with an unknown number of components. Variable selection is also performed to identify the variables that are most influential for determining cluster membership. The work is motivated by the need to cluster patients thought to potentially have autism spectrum disorder on the basis of many cognitive and/or behavioral test scores...
May 17, 2018: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772293/consumer-and-product-specific-characteristics-influencing-the-effect-of-nutrition-health-and-risk-reduction-claims-on-preferences-and-purchase-behavior-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Johann Steinhauser, Ulrich Hamm
The research on nutrition, health, and risk reduction claims (NHR claims) shows a lack of consensus as to whether these claims have a positive or negative effect on consumer's preferences and purchase behavior. This issue has been highlighted by many authors. Therefore, a comprehensive literature review was performed to find reasons for contradictory results. First, a theoretical framework was developed which divided the determinants of the effects of NHR claims on consumers' preferences and purchase behavior into consumer and product-specific characteristics...
May 14, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765343/questionnaire-based-maladaptive-decision-coping-patterns-involved-in-binge-eating-among-1013-college-students
#8
Wan-Sen Yan, Ran-Ran Zhang, Yan Lan, Zhi-Ming Li, Yong-Hui Li
Binge Eating Disorder (BED), considered a public health problem because of its impact on psychiatric, physical, and social functioning, merits much attention given its elevation to an independent diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Similar with substance use disorders, some neuropsychological and personality constructs are potentially implicated in the onset and development of BED, in which poor decision-making has been suggested to facilitate overeating and BED...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759849/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-the-effects-are-more-than-skin-deep
#9
Carol E Muenks, Whitney C Sewell, Patrick G Hogan, Ryley M Thompson, David G Ross, Jeffrey W Wang, John J Morelli, Sarah J Gehlert, Stephanie A Fritz
OBJECTIVES: To assess the psychosocial effects of a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) diagnosis on the households of children with MRSA skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI). STUDY DESIGN: We constructed and administered an interview to the primary caregiver within the home of a child with a history of MRSA SSTI. RESULTS: Seventy-six households were enrolled. Survey responses were analyzed and grouped into 4 themes: health behavior changes, disclosure, social interactions, and knowledge/awareness...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757376/the-role-of-perceived-benefits-and-barriers-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-intervention-trials-among-african-americans
#10
Randi M Williams, Thomas Wilkerson, Cheryl L Holt
The Health Belief Model (HBM) is widely used in health behavior interventions. The lack of diverse samples in the development of this theory warrants additional study on how it performs among minorities. While studies have utilized HBM to address colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, limited information exists confirming how these constructs influence screening. Data from three CRC screening trials were used to examine how perceived benefits/barriers perform among African Americans (AA) and whether they serve as mechanisms of the intervention effects on screening...
May 10, 2018: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756547/well-being-correlates-of-perceived-positivity-resonance-evidence-from-trait-and-episode-level-assessments
#11
Brett C Major, Khoa D Le Nguyen, Kristjen B Lundberg, Barbara L Fredrickson
Positivity resonance is a type of interpersonal connection characterized by shared positivity, mutual care and concern, and behavioral and biological synchrony. Perceived positivity resonance is hypothesized to be associated with well-being. In three studies ( N = 175, N = 120, N = 173), perceived positivity resonance was assessed at the trait level (Study 1) or the episode level, using the Day Reconstruction Method (Studies 2 and 3). Primary analyses reveal that perceived positivity resonance is associated with flourishing mental health, depressive symptoms, loneliness, and illness symptoms...
May 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755388/structural-equation-modeling-with-many-variables-a-systematic-review-of-issues-and-developments
#12
Lifang Deng, Miao Yang, Katerina M Marcoulides
Survey data in social, behavioral, and health sciences often contain many variables ( p ). Structural equation modeling (SEM) is commonly used to analyze such data. With a sufficient number of participants ( N ), SEM enables researchers to easily set up and reliably test hypothetical relationships among theoretical constructs as well as those between the constructs and their observed indicators. However, SEM analyses with small N or large p have been shown to be problematic. This article reviews issues and solutions for SEM with small N , especially when p is large...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754066/predicting-risky-health-behaviors-35-years-later-are-parents-or-teacher-s-reports-of-childhood-behavior-problems-a-better-judge-of-outcomes
#13
Jaimee Stuart
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to understand (1) whether parents and teachers reports of childhood behavioral problems could predict smoking and alcohol consumption 35 years later, and (2) whether propensity for smoking and alcohol consumption differed on the basis of informant agreement in their classification of behavioral syndromes. METHODS: Participants included those from the Aberdeen Children of the 1950s study (ACONF) with full childhood information as well as self-reports in adulthood (n = 1342)...
May 4, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749297/health-behavior-related-indicator-of-lifestyle-application-in-the-elsa-brasil-study
#14
Ana Luísa Patrão, Maria-da-Conceição C Almeida, Sheila Alvim, Dora Chor, Estela M L Aquino
Various behaviors are considered health enhancing. Nevertheless, according to the current scientific literature, four health behaviors are considered particularly risky in view of their association with a group of chronic diseases: 1) smoking; 2) excessive alcohol consumption; 3) poor diet; and 4) lack of physical activity. Theoretically, it should be possible to make improvements to one's health by maximizing the number of healthy behaviors and minimizing the unhealthy ones. However, in reality, the different behaviors interconnect to create more complex lifestyles...
May 1, 2018: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749256/an-sem-assessment-of-the-internal-structure-and-predictive-validity-of-the-abbreviated-early-adolescent-home-inventory
#15
Samuel B Green, Amy L Pennar, Robert H Bradley
The Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) Inventory is designed to assess the quality and quantity of support, stimulation, and structure provided to children in the home environment. HOME has been widely used for research and applied purposes. We focused on an abbreviated version of the Early Adolescent HOME (EA-HOME-A) that was administered to 15-year-old adolescents and their parents ( N = 958) as part of the NICHD (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development...
May 1, 2018: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746689/impact-of-hospital-context-on-transitioning-patients-from-hospital-to-skilled-nursing-facility-a-grounded-theory-study
#16
Barbara J King, Andrea L Gilmore-Bykovskyi, Tonya J Roberts, Korey A Kennelty, Jacquelyn F Mirr, Michael B Gehring, Melissa N Dattalo, Amy J H Kind
Background: Twenty-five percentage of patients who are transferred from hospital settings to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) are rehospitalized within 30 days. One significant factor in poorly executed transitions is the discharge process used by hospital providers. Objective: The objective of this study was to examine how health care providers in hospitals transition care from hospital to SNF, what actions they took based on their understanding of transitioning care, and what conditions influence provider behavior...
May 8, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741460/applying-a-health-action-model-to-predict-and-improve-healthy-behaviors-in-coal-miners
#17
Mohammad Vahedian-Shahroodi, Hadi Tehrani, Faeze Mohammadi, Mahdi Gholian-Aval, Nooshin Peyman
INTRODUCTION: One of the most important ways to prevent work-related diseases in occupations such as mining is to promote healthy behaviors among miners. This study aimed to predict and promote healthy behaviors among coal miners by using a health action model (HAM). METHOD: The study was conducted on 200 coal miners in Iran in two steps. In the first step, a descriptive study was implemented to determine predictive constructs and effectiveness of HAM on behavioral intention...
May 1, 2018: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738898/individual-decisions-to-vaccinate-one-s-child-or-oneself-a-discrete-choice-experiment-rejecting-free-riding-motives
#18
Frederik Verelst, Lander Willem, Roselinde Kessels, Philippe Beutels
It is essential for public health to understand what drives people's hesitance towards vaccination. Theoretical models of vaccination decisions are ubiquitous, often incorporating herd immunity, perceptions of vaccine-related side-effects (VRSE) and of vaccine-preventable burden of disease, but with little to no empirical exploration. Herd immunity is a (usually) positive externality where vaccinated individuals influence others' risks by their reduced capability to transmit an infectious disease to them. It is often assumed that (rational) individuals incorporate this externality in their strategic vaccination decision, from which free-riding behavior arises...
May 1, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738795/animal-models-of-binge-drinking-current-challenges-to-improve-face-validity
#19
REVIEW
Jérôme Jeanblanc, Benjamin Rolland, Fabien Gierski, Margaret P Martinetti, Mickael Naassila
Binge drinking (BD), i.e., consuming a large amount of alcohol in a short period of time, is an increasing public health issue. Though no clear definition has been adopted worldwide the speed of drinking seems to be a keystone of this behavior. Developing relevant animal models of BD is a priority for gaining a better characterization of the neurobiological and psychobiological mechanisms underlying this dangerous and harmful behavior. Until recently, preclinical research on BD has been conducted mostly using forced administration of alcohol, but more recent studies used scheduled access to alcohol, to model more voluntary excessive intakes, and to achieve signs of intoxications that mimic the human behavior...
May 5, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737872/the-effects-of-public-concern-for-information-privacy-on-the-adoption-of-health-information-exchanges-hies-by-healthcare-entities
#20
Pouyan Esmaeilzadeh
The implementation of Health Information Exchanges (HIEs) by healthcare organizations may not achieve the desired outcomes as consumers may request that their health information remains unshared because of information privacy concerns. Drawing on the insights of concern for information privacy (CFIP) literature, this work extends the application of CFIP to the HIE domain. This study attempts to develop and test a model centered on the four dimensions of CFIP construct (collection, errors, unauthorized access, and secondary use) and their antecedents to predict consumers' opt-in behavioral intention toward HIE in the presence of the perceived health status' effects...
May 8, 2018: Health Communication
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