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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147128/the-effect-of-educational-intervention-on-weight-loss-in-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#1
Seyed Saeed Mazloomy-Mahmoodabad, Zohreh Sadat Navabi, Alireza Ahmadi, Mohsen Askarishahi
BACKGROUND: The increased prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents is associated with type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular diseases. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) efficiently explains the ability of perceived behavioral control and possibly attitude to enhance the motivations of the obese people to lose weight. Our aim was to investigate the effect of TPB-based education on weight loss in obese and overweight adolescents. METHODS: In an interventional study, simple random sampling was used to select 86 overweight and obese adolescents aged 13-18 years in the pediatric clinic at the Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute...
July 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147063/nativity-race-ethnicity-and-dual-diagnosis-among-us-adults
#2
Magdalena Szaflarski, Shawn Bauldry, Lisa A Cubbins, Karthikeyan Meganathan
Purpose: This study investigated disparities in dual diagnosis (comorbid substance-use and depressive/anxiety disorders) among US adults by nativity and racial-ethnic origin and socioeconomic, cultural, and psychosocial factors that may account for the observed disparities. Design/methodology: The study drew on data from two waves of the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Racial-ethnic categories included African, Asian/Pacific Islander, European, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and other Hispanic/Latino...
2017: Research in the Sociology of Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145538/association-between-socioeconomic-determinants-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-survey-for-adults-degs1-a-mediation-analysis
#3
Diego Montano
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome and different socioeconomic characteristics including education and occupational status have been found to be associated in previous research. Nonetheless, theoretical models defining core variables and causal processes accounting for these associations are lacking. OBJECTIVES: The main objectives of the present investigation are (1) to present a theoretical model integrating physiological, biochemical, and psychosocial factors determining metabolic syndrome prevalence and (2) to corroborate the hypothesis that socioeconomic determinants are (partially) mediated by health-related behaviors, health risks, and dietary habits...
July 2017: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144984/developing-a-scale-to-assess-health-regulatory-focus
#4
Rebecca A Ferrer, Isaac M Lipkus, Jennifer L Cerully, Colleen M McBride, James A Shepperd, William M P Klein
RATIONALE: Regulatory focus (i.e., focus on motivation to achieve gains or avoid losses and non-gains) is used to tailor health behavior change interventions, improving efficacy, but is currently assessed by scales that are not health-specific and may capture a version of the construct that is not ideally matched to the rationale for tailoring. OBJECTIVE: We developed and validated a Health Regulatory Focus Scale (HRFS), which assesses tendencies to avoid negative health consequences (prevention focus) or achieve positive health outcomes (promotion focus)...
November 13, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141742/characterizing-the-last-latrine-nonowners-in-rural-malawi
#5
Jurgita Slekiene, Hans-Joachim Mosler
Open defecation is a public health problem worldwide. NGOs in developing countries use various approaches to increase latrine coverage, but for little-understood reasons, some of the population does not adopt latrine construction. The objective of our research was to uncover which of the factors predicting latrine construction are relevant to the last nonowners of latrines, termed laggards in the diffusion of innovations theory. In a cross-sectional study, quantitative face-to-face interviews were conducted in households in rural Malawi (N = 824) to assess the behavioral determinants of latrine construction, mental health, and leadership...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120886/comparison-of-alcohol-related-neurodevelopmental-disorders-and-neurodevelopmental-disorders-associated-with-prenatal-alcohol-exposure-diagnostic-criteria
#6
Sean Johnson, Chelsie Leigh Moyer, Marilyn G Klug, Larry Burd
OBJECTIVE: Recently, increased attention has been focused on the diagnosis of the most prevalent category of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorders (ARNDs). In 2013, proposed criteria for neurodevelopmental disorders associated with prenatal alcohol exposure (ND-PAE) were included in the appendix of the latest revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The concordance of the 2 sets of criteria is unknown. This study examines the overlap in diagnostic criteria for ND-PAE and the ARND Behavioral Checklist in children...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117928/brain-activation-in-response-to-personalized-behavioral-and-physiological-feedback-from-self-monitoring-technology-pilot-study
#7
Maxine E Whelan, Paul S Morgan, Lauren B Sherar, Andrew P Kingsnorth, Daniele Magistro, Dale W Esliger
BACKGROUND: The recent surge in commercially available wearable technology has allowed real-time self-monitoring of behavior (eg, physical activity) and physiology (eg, glucose levels). However, there is limited neuroimaging work (ie, functional magnetic resonance imaging [fMRI]) to identify how people's brains respond to receiving this personalized health feedback and how this impacts subsequent behavior. OBJECTIVE: Identify regions of the brain activated and examine associations between activation and behavior...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113089/predicting-physical-activity-and-healthy-nutrition-behaviors-using-social-cognitive-theory-cross-sectional-survey-among-undergraduate-students-in-chongqing-china
#8
Xianglong Xu, Yang Pu, Manoj Sharma, Yunshuang Rao, Yilin Cai, Yong Zhao
(1) Background: Generally suggested public health measures to reduce obesity were to limit television (TV) viewing, enhance daily physical activities, enable the consumption of fruit and vegetables, and reduce sugar-sweetened beverage intake. This study analyzed the extent to which selected social cognitive theory constructs can predict these behaviors among Chinese undergraduate students. (2) Methods: This cross-sectional study included 1976 undergraduate students from six universities in Chongqing, China...
November 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111920/unwanted-pregnancy-pregnancy-loss-and-other-risk-factors-for-intimate-partner-violence-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#9
Fentanesh Nibret Tiruneh, Kun-Yang Chuang, Peter A M Ntenda, Ying-Chih Chuang
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has one of the highest rates of violence against women in the world; however, few studies have focused on this issue. In this study, we assessed the interrelationship among intimate partner violence (IPV), unintended pregnancy, pregnancy loss, and other sociodemographic factors in the DRC. Our analyses were based on data from the DRC Demographic and Health Survey, conducted from November 2013 to February 2014. We constructed generalized estimating equation models to analyze the data from a sample of 5,120 married women...
November 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102046/shared-decision-making-among-children-with-medical-complexity-results-from-a-population-based-survey
#10
Jody L Lin, Eyal Cohen, Lee M Sanders
OBJECTIVE: To compare the rates of shared decision making (SDM) reported by parents of children with medical complexity (CMC) with the rates of SDM reported by parents of noncomplex children with special health care needs (CSHCN). STUDY DESIGN: We examined the 2009-2010 National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs, a representative survey of 40 242 parents of CSHCN. CMC was defined as needing or using more medical care than usual, seeing 2 or more subspecialists, and positive response on at least 3 other items on the CSHCN screener...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101645/the-impact-of-family-centered-prevention-on-self-regulation-and-subsequent-long-term-risk-in-emerging-adults
#11
Elizabeth Stormshak, David DeGarmo, Krista Chronister, Allison Caruthers
Emerging adulthood is characterized by not only opportunity and transition but also a substantial increase in risk behaviors (Fosco et al. Journal of Family Psychology, 26(4), 565-575, 2012; Johnston et al. 2016). Building on prior research, we tested a mediational model hypothesizing that Family Check-Up (FCU) intervention effects on young adult risk would be mediated by increases in self-regulation, and that these changes would continue to affect risk behavior as high school youths transitioned to young adulthood...
November 3, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100508/psychosocial-predictors-of-breast-self-examination-behavior-among-female-students-an-application-of-the-health-belief-model-using-logistic-regression
#12
Alireza Didarloo, Bahram Nabilou, Hamid Reza Khalkhali
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is a life-threatening condition affecting women around the world. The early detection of breast lumps using a breast self-examination (BSE) is important for the prevention and control of this disease. The aim of this study was to examine BSE behavior and its predictive factors among female university students using the Health Belief Model (HBM). METHODS: This investigation was a cross-sectional survey carried out with 334 female students at Urmia University of Medical Sciences in the northwest of Iran...
November 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096781/amygdala-resting-connectivity-mediates-association-between-maternal-aggression-and-adolescent-major-depression-a-7-year-longitudinal-study
#13
Bridget L Callaghan, Orwa Dandash, Julian G Simmons, Orli Schwartz, Michelle L Byrne, Lisa Sheeber, Nicholas B Allen, Sarah Whittle
OBJECTIVE: The parent-adolescent relationship is an important predictor of adolescent mental health, especially depressive disorders. This relationship is constructed in the context of maturing emotion neurobiology and could help shape such neurobiology in ways that are important for current and future mental health. Amygdala resting-state functional networks have been linked to depression, but whether such resting connectivity is associated with parent affective behaviors or acts as a salient mediator between parenting and risk for depressive disorder is unknown...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095958/an-exploration-of-the-facebook-social-networks-of-smokers-and-non-smokers
#14
Luella Fu, Megan A Jacobs, Jody Brookover, Thomas W Valente, Nathan K Cobb, Amanda L Graham
BACKGROUND: Social networks influence health behavior, including tobacco use and cessation. To date, little is known about whether and how the networks of online smokers and non-smokers may differ, or the potential implications of such differences with regards to intervention efforts. Understanding how social networks vary by smoking status could inform public health efforts to accelerate cessation or slow the adoption of tobacco use. OBJECTIVES: These secondary analyses explore the structure of ego networks of both smokers and non-smokers collected as part of a randomized control trial conducted within Facebook...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091726/are-there-synergies-from-combining-hygiene-and-sanitation-promotion-campaigns-evidence-from-a-large-scale-cluster-randomized-trial-in-rural-tanzania
#15
Bertha Briceño, Aidan Coville, Paul Gertler, Sebastian Martinez
SUMMARY: The current evidence on handwashing and sanitation programs suggests limited impacts on health when at-scale interventions have been tested in isolation. However, no published experimental evidence currently exists that tests the interaction effects between sanitation and handwashing. We present the results of two large-scale, government-led handwashing and sanitation promotion campaigns in rural Tanzania, with the objective of tracing the causal chain from hygiene and sanitation promotion to changes in child health outcomes and specifically testing for potential interaction effects of combining handwashing and sanitation interventions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090396/couple-relationship-functioning-as-a-source-or-mitigator-of-hiv-risk-associations-between-relationship-quality-and-sexual-risk-behavior-in-peri-urban-uganda
#16
Allison Ruark, Phoebe Kajubi, Sam Ruteikara, Edward C Green, Norman Hearst
Despite evidence that a greater focus on couples could strengthen HIV prevention efforts, little health-related research has explored relationship functioning and relationship quality among couples in Africa. Using data from 162 couples (324 individuals) resident in a peri-urban Ugandan community, we assessed actor and partner effects of sexual risk behaviors on relationship quality, using psychometric measures of dyadic adjustment, sexual satisfaction, commitment, intimacy, and communication. For women and men, poor relationship quality was associated with having concurrent sexual partners and suspecting that one's partner had concurrent sexual partners (actor effects)...
October 31, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079900/perceptions-of-adhd-among-diagnosed-children-and-their-parents-a-systematic-review-using-the-common-sense-model-of-illness-representations
#17
REVIEW
Iana Y T Wong, David J Hawes, Simon Clarke, Michael R Kohn, Ilan Dar-Nimrod
Research on children and parents' experiences of ADHD has grown in recent years, attracting attention to their subjective perception of ADHD as a disorder. Theoretical accounts of illness perception suggest that it is multi-dimensional, consisting of at least five core constructs (see the common-sense model of illness representations or CSM: Leventhal et al., in: Rachman (ed) Medical psychology, Pergamon, New York, vol 2, pp 7-30, 1980, in: Baum, Taylor, Singer (eds) Handbook of psychology and health: social psychological aspects of health, Earlbaum, Hillsdale, vol 4, pp 219-252, 1984)...
October 27, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079554/a-new-tool-for-nutrition-app-quality-evaluation-aqel-development-validation-and-reliability-testing
#18
Kristen Nicole DiFilippo, Wenhao Huang, Karen M Chapman-Novakofski
BACKGROUND: The extensive availability and increasing use of mobile apps for nutrition-based health interventions makes evaluation of the quality of these apps crucial for integration of apps into nutritional counseling. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this research was the development, validation, and reliability testing of the app quality evaluation (AQEL) tool, an instrument for evaluating apps' educational quality and technical functionality. METHODS: Items for evaluating app quality were adapted from website evaluations, with additional items added to evaluate the specific characteristics of apps, resulting in 79 initial items...
October 27, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077978/comparison-of-african-american-and-caucasian-caregiver-self-efficacy
#19
Leisa Easom, Ellen Cotter, Angel Ramos
Self-efficacy influences one's behavior and can determine the degree to which one is motivated to take action. The current study explores changes in caregiver self-efficacy pre- and post-participation in a Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregiver Health (REACH II) program, a multi-component intervention aimed at caregivers of individuals with Alzheimer's disease. The study specifically compared this construct in African American and Caucasian populations, which may give indications of how to empower dementia caregivers and whether REACH II is culturally sensitive and thus, an important component to examine...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077909/prevalence-and-risk-of-inappropriate-sexual-behavior-of-patients-toward-physical-therapist-clinicians-and-students-in-the-united-states
#20
Jill S Boissonnault, Ziádee Cambier, Scott J Hetzel, Margaret M Plack
Background: For health care providers in the United States, the risk for nonfatal violence in the workplace is 16 times greater than that for other workers. Inappropriate patient sexual behavior (IPSB) is directed at clinicians, staff, or other patients and may include leering, sexual remarks, deliberate touching, indecent exposure, and sexual assault. Inappropriate patient sexual behavior may adversely affect clinicians, the organization, or patients themselves. Few IPSB risk factors for physical therapists have been confirmed...
November 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
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