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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107328/behavioral-and-neurologic-assessment-using-the-national-institutes-of-health-toolbox%C3%A2
#1
Laura McLaughlin, Suzanne M Mahon
Cognition, psychological well-being, stress, functional status, and pain are all priority outcomes of interest to oncology nurses. However, it can be challenging to choose an instrument for clinical assessment or for use in research projects that assess these constructs. The National Institutes of Health Toolbox for Assessment of Neurological and Behavioral Function was created for measuring emotional health and cognitive, motor, and sensory function. The toolbox can be a potentially useful resource for clinicians and nurse researchers...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104999/development-of-a-scale-assessing-beliefs-about-thirdhand-smoke-baths
#2
Regine Haardörfer, Carla J Berg, Cam Escoffery, Łucja T Bundy, Melbourne Hovell, Michelle C Kegler
BACKGROUND: Similarly to secondhand smoke (SHS), thirdhand smoke (THS) beliefs may be correlated with smoking behaviors and smokefree policies in the home. Thus, there is a need to develop and validate measures to assess beliefs about THS. METHODS: A list of 19 items related to THS were generated by an expert panel and tested in a pilot study. Based on results from an exploratory factor analysis, two factors emerged: THS persistence in the environment and THS impact on health...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091964/facing-a-fundamental-problem-in-prevention-science-the-measurement-of-a-key-construct
#3
J Mark Eddy
While many attempts have been made to measure various aspects of parenting within a variety of theoretical frameworks, there remains much work to do on the development of reliable and valid measures. Common themes across the papers included in a special issue on the measurement of parenting are discussed. Parenting constructs are a vital part of the work of prevention scientists, and more support is needed for researchers to engage in measurement development. Fortunately, there are some bright spots in this regard today, such as the Common Fund Science of Behavior Change Program sponsored by the National Institutes of Health...
January 13, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079394/the-positive-emotions-after-acute-coronary-events-behavioral-health-intervention-design-rationale-and-preliminary-feasibility-of-a-factorial-design-study
#4
Jeffery C Huffman, Ariana M Albanese, Kirsti A Campbell, Christopher M Celano, Rachel A Millstein, Carol A Mastromauro, Brian C Healy, Wei-Jean Chung, James L Januzzi, Linda M Collins, Elyse R Park
BACKGROUND: Positive psychological constructs, such as optimism, are associated with greater participation in cardiac health behaviors and improved cardiac outcomes. Positive psychology interventions, which target psychological well-being, may represent a promising approach to improving health behaviors in high-risk cardiac patients. However, no study has assessed whether a positive psychology intervention can promote physical activity following an acute coronary syndrome. OBJECTIVE: In this article we will describe the methods of a novel factorial design study to aid the development of a positive psychology-based intervention for acute coronary syndrome patients and aim to provide preliminary feasibility data on study implementation...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077197/personal-disaster-and-emergency-support-networks-of-older-adults-in-a-rural-community-changes-after-participation-in-a-preparedness-program
#5
Sato Ashida, Erin L Robinson, Jane Gay, Lauren E Slagel, Marizen R Ramirez
OBJECTIVE: Personal disaster and emergency support networks of rural older adults are described before and after participation in a disaster preparedness intervention, PrepWise. METHODS: At baseline, a total of 194 disaster support network members were identified by 27 older adults in a rural Midwest community. After the intervention, these participants identified 232 support network members. Multilevel logistic regression models were constructed to identify characteristics of the network members and social interactions associated with support providers at baseline as well as newly added support sources after the PrepWise intervention...
January 12, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075190/gestational-age-within-normal-range-and-infants-health-and-temperament-at-3-months-of-age
#6
Marsha Kaitz, David Mankuta, Ann Marie Rokem, Stephen V Faraone
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between gestational age (GA) at birth across the normal GA spectrum (37-41 weeks) and the temperament and health of 3-month old infants. METHODS: The sample comprised 242 "low-risk" mothers and infants without chronic illnesses or severe pregnancy complications. Infant temperament was defined by three constructs: Negative Affectivity (NA), Extraversion, and Regulation, assessed by parents' reports on the Infant Behavior Questionnaire...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072852/efficacy-of-peer-education-for-adopting-preventive-behaviors-against-head-lice-infestation-in-female-elementary-school-students-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Mahdi Moshki, Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh, Mehdi Mojadam
BACKGROUND: Pediculosis is a common parasitic infestation in students worldwide, including Iran. This condition is more prevalent in populous and deprived communities with poor personal hygiene. This study sought to assess the efficacy of peer education for adopting preventive behaviors against pediculosis in female elementary school students based on the Health Belief Model (HBM). METHODS: A total of 179 female fifth grade students were selected using multistage random sampling and were randomly allocated to control and intervention groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070855/place-and-child-health-the-interaction-of-population-density-and-sanitation-in-developing-countries
#8
Payal Hathi, Sabrina Haque, Lovey Pant, Diane Coffey, Dean Spears
A long literature in demography has debated the importance of place for health, especially children's health. In this study, we assess whether the importance of dense settlement for infant mortality and child height is moderated by exposure to local sanitation behavior. Is open defecation (i.e., without a toilet or latrine) worse for infant mortality and child height where population density is greater? Is poor sanitation is an important mechanism by which population density influences child health outcomes? We present two complementary analyses using newly assembled data sets, which represent two points in a trade-off between external and internal validity...
January 9, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059786/death-of-dementia-patients-in-psychiatric-hospitals-and-regional-supply-of-psychiatric-services-study-of-the-national-data-from-1996-to-2014-in-japan
#9
Miharu Nakanishi, Junko Niimura, Syudo Yamasaki, Atsushi Nishida
BACKGROUND: Japan designates psychiatric inpatient care for behavior management of individuals with dementia and for helping dementia patients discharge to home. However, there has been no examination of the effectiveness of this strategy. OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the association between dementia and the discharge destination of patients in psychiatric hospitals. METHODS: Data from the National Patient Survey, which is a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of inpatient care, were used...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058240/factors-influencing-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-iranian-mothers-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#10
Mohsen Saffari, Amir H Pakpour, Hui Chen
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) contributes to the health and survival of the newborns. Many factors influence the EBF behavior. This study aimed to identify the determinant factors in order to improve the practice of EBF among Iranian mothers. Methods: A longitudinal study was carried out in 1445 mothers with newborns in Qazvin city, Iran (September 2015-March 2016). Demographic variables as well as the constructs of theory of planned behavior (TBP) were measured by questionnaires. Bivariate analysis using Pearson and Spearman correlation tests with analysis of variance were used to investigate the associations among the variables...
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058203/do-recommendations-by-healthcare-providers-family-members-friends-and-individual-self-efficacy-increase-uptake-of-hepatitis-b-screening-results-of-a-population-based-study-of-asian-americans
#11
Xiaoxiao Lu, Hee-Soon Juon, Sunmin Lee
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection disproportionately affects Asian Americans but HBV screening rates among Asian American are substantially low. This study examines the impact of multiple recommendations and self-efficacy on HBV screening uptake among Asian Americans. METHODS: Data for this study were from 872 Chinese, Korean and Vietnamese recruited for a liver cancer prevention program in the Washington D.C - Baltimore metropolitan area. RESULTS: 410 (47%) respondents reported previous HBV screening...
2017: International Journal of MCH and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049239/from-visiting-a-physician-to-expecting-antibiotics-korean-perspectives-and-practices-toward-respiratory-tract-infections
#12
Leila Freidoony, Chun Bae Kim, Hamid Haghani, Myung Bae Park, Sei Jin Chang, Sang Ha Kim, Sang Baek Koh
Antibiotic resistance is steadily rising worldwide. Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are common indications, mostly imprudent, for antibiotic prescriptions in outpatient setting. In Korea, antibiotic prescription rate for RTIs is still high. As physician visit and antibiotic prescribing are influenced by patient's perceptions and beliefs, we aimed to explore the general public's perspectives and practices toward RTIs and to develop the 'RTI clinical iceberg.' A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Wonju Severance Christian Hospital (WSCH) among 550 adults attending outpatient departments during January 2016...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049047/does-work-to-family-conflict-really-matter-for-health-cross-sectional-prospective-cohort-and-fixed-effects-analyses
#13
Takashi Oshio, Akiomi Inoue, Akizumi Tsutsumi
It is well known that work-to-family conflict (WFC) is negatively associated with employees' health outcomes, including mental health and health behavior. However, the associations may be overstated because of insufficient control for unobserved individual attributes. To address this possibility, we compared the associations between WFC and health observed from a cross-sectional, prospective cohort and from fixed-effects regression models. We analyzed data from a Japanese occupational cohort survey of 15,102 observations from 7551 individuals (5947 men and 1604 women), which were collected in two waves with a one-year interval...
December 28, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045803/the-employer-perspective-on-sustainable-employability-in-the-construction-industry
#14
Susanne C Tonnon, Rozan van der Veen, Marjan J Westerman, Suzan J W Robroek, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Allard J van der Beek, Karin I Proper
OBJECTIVE: To determine the measures employers in the construction industry take to promote sustainable employability, the barriers and facilitators that influence implementation and employer needs. METHODS: Questionnaire among 499 employers and interviews with 17 employers. RESULTS: Employers expressed a need for alternative jobs for workers who can no longer perform physically demanding tasks, as well as means to stimulate proactive employee behavior...
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042346/associations-among-dispositional-mindfulness-self-compassion-and-executive-function-proficiency-in-early-adolescents
#15
Hee-Sung Shin, David S Black, Eleanor Tate Shonkoff, Nathaniel R Riggs, Mary Ann Pentz
The study objective was to examine the effects of two conceptually related constructs, self-compassion and dispositional mindfulness, on executive function (EF) proficiency among early adolescents. Executive function refers to a set of psychological processes governing emotional regulation, organization, and planning. While the benefits of positive psychology appear evident for mental health and wellness, little is known about the etiological relationship between dispositional mindfulness and self-compassion in their associations with EF...
December 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039957/social-responsibility-and-the-state-s-duty-to-provide-healthcare-an-islamic-ethico-legal-perspective
#16
Aasim I Padela
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization's (UNESCO) Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights asserts that governments are morally obliged to promote health and to provide access to quality healthcare, essential medicines and adequate nutrition and water to all members of society. According to UNESCO, this obligation is grounded in a moral commitment to promoting fundamental human rights and emerges from the principle of social responsibility. Yet in an era of ethical pluralism and contentions over the universality of human rights conventions, the extent to which the UNESCO Declaration can motivate behaviors and policies rests, at least in part, upon accepting the moral arguments it makes...
December 30, 2016: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028677/psychosocial-influences-on-disaster-preparedness-in-san-francisco-recipients-of-home-care
#17
Robyn R Gershon, Elena Portacolone, Ezinne M Nwankwo, Qi Zhi, Kristine A Qureshi, Victoria H Raveis
Disasters disproportionately impact certain segments of the population, including children, pregnant women, people living with disabilities and chronic conditions and those who are underserved and under-resourced. One of the most vulnerable groups includes the community-dwelling elderly. Post-disaster analyses indicate that these individuals have higher risk of disaster-related morbidity and mortality. They also have suboptimal levels of disaster preparedness in terms of their ability to shelter-in-place or evacuate to a shelter...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028190/beliefs-and-attitudes-associated-with-hookah-smoking-among-a-united-states-college-population
#18
Mary P Martinasek, Linda G Haddad, Christopher W Wheldon, Tracey E Barnett
BACKGROUND: This study explores the differences among smokers of waterpipe tobacco in a college population to better inform campaigns to curb waterpipe use. METHODS: Participants included undergraduate and graduate students attending a liberal arts university in Florida. E-mail-based, cross-sectional surveys were collected in 2 sequential years. RESULTS: The majority of respondents (64%) reported having ever smoked a hookah, even if just 1-2 puffs...
December 27, 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027444/knowledge-representations-attitudes-and-behaviors-of-women-faced-with-taking-medications-while-breastfeeding
#19
Laurence Spiesser-Robelet, Vanida Brunie, Vincent de Andrade, Rémi Gagnayre
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is a major public health issue in terms of its benefits to both mothers and infants. Despite recommendations, breastfeeding initiation and duration are low in many industrialized countries. Although human milk is viewed as the most appropriate food for infants, when it is perceived as contaminated, doubts about its quality can lead to negative behaviors concerning breastfeeding. This is especially true when mothers are taking medication. Research aim: The aim of this review is to evaluate the data in the literature on the knowledge, representations, attitudes, and behaviors of women with regard to taking medication while breastfeeding...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018255/an-affective-neuroscience-framework-for-the-molecular-study-of-internet-addiction
#20
Christian Montag, Cornelia Sindermann, Benjamin Becker, Jaak Panksepp
Internet addiction represents an emerging global health issue. Increasing efforts have been made to characterize risk factors for the development of Internet addiction and consequences of excessive Internet use. During the last years, classic research approaches from psychology considering personality variables as vulnerability factor, especially in conjunction with neuroscience approaches such as brain imaging, have led to coherent theoretical conceptualizations of Internet addiction. Although such conceptualizations can be valuable aid, the research field is currently lacking a comprehensive framework for determining brain-based and neurochemical markers of Internet addiction...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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