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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528532/caged-young-pigeons-mortality-by-coleoptera-larvae
#1
Adele Magliano, Jiri Hava, Andrea Di Giulio, Antonino Barone, Claudio De Liberato
Dermestidae and Tenebrionidae are well known inhabitants of bird's nests and poultry farms, under favourable conditions they can be very abundant under favourable conditions. At times, their larvae shift from a scavenging behaviour to a parasitic/predatory one, entering nestling's plumage and feeding on skin and feathers, and nally provoking skin damages and blood losses. These episodes mainly involve species of the genus Dermestes, but the tenebrionid Alphitobius diaperinus h also been reported to be responsible of similar cases...
April 11, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523054/acute-bacterial-meningitis-in-children-presenting-to-the-children-s-hospital-lahore-before-and-after-pneumococcal-vaccine-in-pakistan-national-immunization-program-a-comparison
#2
Attia Bari, Fatima Zeeshan, Aizza Zafar, Hasan Ejaz, Uzma Jabeen, Ahsan Waheed Rathore
OBJECTIVE: To describe bacteriological profile, morbidity and mortality of acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) in children and to compare these parameters before and after the introduction of Pneumococcal vaccine in Pakistan National Immunization Program. METHODS: The present descriptive study was conducted at the Department of Paediatric Medicine of The Children's Hospital Lahore from January 2012 to December 2015. A total of 503 children one month to five years of age admitted with diagnosis of meningitis were included...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521786/role-of-routine-abdominal-ultrasonography-in-intensified-tuberculosis-case-finding-algorithms-at-hiv-clinics-in-high-tb-burden-settings
#3
Sonam Spalgais, Upasna Agarwal, Rohit Sarin, Devesh Chauhan, Anita Yadav, Anand Jaiswal
BACKGROUND: High proportion of TB in people living with HIV (PLHIV) is undiagnosed. Due to this active TB case finding is recommended for HIV clinics in high TB burden countries. Presently sputum examination and chest radiography are frontline tests recommended for HIV infected TB presumptives. Abdominal TB which occurs frequently in PLHIV may be missed even by existing programmatic intensified case finding protocols. This study evaluated the routine use of ultrasonography (USG) for active case finding of abdominal TB in HIV clinics...
May 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521744/determination-of-the-sources-and-antimicrobial-resistance-patterns-of-salmonella-isolated-from-the-poultry-industry-in-southern-ethiopia
#4
Reta Duguma Abdi, Fisseha Mengstie, Ashenafi Feyisa Beyi, Takele Beyene, Hika Waktole, Bedasso Mammo, Dinka Ayana, Fufa Abunna
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia set an ambitious masterplan to increase chicken meat and egg production from 2015 to 2020. Poultry breeding, multiplication and distribution centers in the country have received executive order to import, amplify and distribute commercial chickens to end users. The biosecurity and the pathogen fauna of the centers have not been evaluated as to whether the centers could implement the mission effectively without any risk. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the biosecurity practices and the pathogen prevalence, risk factors and their antimicrobial resistance (AMR) using Salmonella as case study...
May 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516003/mode-of-action-of-the-2-phenylquinoline-efflux-inhibitor-pqq4r-against-escherichia-coli
#5
Diana Machado, Laura Fernandes, Sofia S Costa, Rolando Cannalire, Giuseppe Manfroni, Oriana Tabarrini, Isabel Couto, Stefano Sabatini, Miguel Viveiros
Efflux pump inhibitors are of great interest since their use as adjuvants of bacterial chemotherapy can increase the intracellular concentrations of the antibiotics and assist in the battle against the rising of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. In this work, we have described the mode of action of the 2-phenylquinoline efflux inhibitor (4-(2-(piperazin-1-yl)ethoxy)-2-(4-propoxyphenyl) quinolone - PQQ4R), against Escherichia coli, by studding its efflux inhibitory ability, its synergistic activity in combination with antibiotics, and compared its effects with the inhibitors phenyl-arginine-β-naphthylamide (PAβN) and chlorpromazine (CPZ)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513421/clinical-and-bacteriological-characteristics-associated-with-clustering-of-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#6
J-Y J-Y Feng, L G Jarlsberg, K Salcedo, J Rose, M Janes, S-Y G Lin, D H Osmond, K C Jost, M K Soehnlen, J Flood, E A Graviss, E Desmond, P K Moonan, P Nahid, P C Hopewell, M Kato-Maeda
<h2>SETTING:</h2><p>The impact of the genetic characteristics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis on the clustering of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has not been analyzed together with clinical and demographic characteristics.</p><h2>OBJECTIVE:</h2><p>To determine factors associated with genotypic clustering of MDR-TB in a community-basedstudy.</p><h2>DESIGN:</h2><p>We measured the proportion of clustered cases among MDR-TB patients and determined the impact of clinical and demographic characteristics and that of three M...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511889/severely-infected-pneumoceles-of-the-frontal-sinus-in-patients-with-mental-retardation-and-brain-atrophy-treated-by-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#7
Ichiro Tojima, Hirotaka Kikuoka, Takao Ogawa, Takeshi Shimizu
We herein present three cases of abnormally expanded frontal sinuses (pneumoceles) with severe infection in patients with mental retardation and brain atrophy. Two patients previously underwent laryngotracheal separation surgery, and bacteriological examinations of purulent nasal discharge revealed infections caused by drug-resistant bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii. As conservative medical treatments were ineffective, all three patients were treated by computed tomography-guided endoscopic sinus surgery...
May 13, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508595/silver-nanoparticle-deposited-implants-to-treat-osteomyelitis
#8
Samit Kumar Nandi, Anish Shivaram, Susmita Bose, Amit Bandyopadhyay
In this study, electrolytically deposited strongly adherent silver nanoparticles on stainless-steel (SS) implants were used for in situ osteomyelitis treatment. Samples were heat treated to enhance adhesion of silver on 316 L SS. Ex vivo studies were performed to measure silver-release profiles from the 316 L SS screws inserted in equine cadaver bones. No change in the release profiles of silver ions were observed in vitro between the implanted screws and the control. In vivo studies were performed using osteomyelitic rabbit model with 3 mm diameter silver-deposited 316 L SS pins at two different doses of silver: high and low...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506781/implementation-of-quality-management-for-clinical-bacteriology-in-low-resource-settings
#9
REVIEW
Barbara Barbé, Cedric P Yansouni, Dissou Affolabi, Jan Jacobs
BACKGROUND: The declining trend of malaria and the recent prioritization of containment of antimicrobial resistance have created a momentum to implement clinical bacteriology in low-resource settings (LRS). Successful implementation relies on guidance by a quality management system (QMS). Over the past decade, international initiatives were launched towards implementation of QMS in HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. AIMS: To describe the progress towards accreditation of medical laboratories and to identify the challenges and "Best practices" for implementation of QMS in clinical bacteriology in LRS...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506162/brodie-s-abscess-of-the-radius-in-a-child
#10
N Takeuchi, Y Matsumoto, T Okada, M Hanada, H Bekki, Y Iwamoto
We herein report an unusual case of Brodie's abscess of the radius in a child. A 13-year-old boy presented with pain on his right distal forearm. A plain radiograph showed an 8 cm translucent lesion in the distal radius. MRI showed a penumbra sign on the T1-weighted image, hyperintensity on T2-weighted images, and ring enhancement on the contrast-enhanced T1 image. (18)F-FDG PET/CT images showed an uptake at the margin of the radius. Curettage and iliac cancellous bone grafting were undertaken for Brodie's abscess...
June 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493440/tear-production-intraocular-pressure-and-conjunctival-bacterial-flora-in-selected-captive-wild-ruminants
#11
Pavel Kvapil, Tina Pirš, Brigita Slavec, Roman Luštrik, Tadej Zemljič, Eva Bártová, Bojana Stranjac, Marjan Kastelic
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of tear production (Schirmer's tear test, STT) and measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) were performed in a population of captive wild ungulates in a Slovenian ZOO during routine annual health check. ANIMALS STUDIED: In total, 10 fallow deer (Dama dama), 25 mouflons (Ovis aries musimon), 20 alpine ibexes (Capra ibex), and three alpine chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) were included in the study. METHODS: Tear production was performed by Schirmer's tear test, IOP was measured with an applanation tonometer, and ophthalmological examination was conducted with slit-lamp biomicroscopy and indirect ophthalmoscopy...
May 11, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492181/coinfection-by-streptococcus-phocae-and-cetacean-morbillivirus-in-a-short-beaked-common-dolphin-delphinus-delphis
#12
J Díaz-Delgado, E Sierra, A I Vela, M Arbelo, D Zucca, K R Groch, A Fernández
We describe gross, histopathological, and immunohistochemical features of Streptococcus phocae and cetacean morbillivirus coinfection in a short-beaked common dolphin Delphinus delphis. Major gross findings were cutaneous purulent nodules in the tail fluke, vegetative mitral valve endocarditis, and presumed postpartum pyometra. Histologic examination revealed bacterial septicemia characterized by widespread intravascular coccoid bacterial emboli. These were associated with fibrinonecrotizing to pyogranulomatous dermatitis and panniculitis, embolic pneumonia, neutrophilic and lymphoplasmacytic meningochoroiditis, random neutrophilic hepatitis, lymphoplasmacytic myocarditis and epicarditis, necrotizing adrenalitis, suppurative endometritis, and multicentric reactive lymphadenopathy...
May 11, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491190/pyogenic-brain-abscess-with-atypical-features-resembling-glioblastoma-in-advanced-mri-imaging
#13
Arsany Hakim, Markus Oertel, Roland Wiest
Differentiation between infectious and neoplastic brain processes is crucial for treatment planning. Advanced magnetic resonance imaging techniques, such as diffusion, perfusion, susceptibility weighted imaging, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy, enhance the imaging differences between these two pathologies. However, despite the utilization of these advanced techniques, the pathologic process may be confound by atypical findings. Here, we report a case of an autistic patient with multiple brain lesions with diffusion weighted imaging, susceptibility weighted imaging, and perfusion patterns resembling features of a multicentric glioblastoma, which were confirmed surgically, neuropathologically, and bacteriologically as brain abscesses...
June 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489234/the-treatment-of-otorrhea-in-children-with-cleft-palate-an-institutional-review
#14
Stephen Nogan, Katie Phillips, Jonathan Grischkan
We conducted a retrospective observational chart review to characterize otorrhea in patients with cleft palate (CP) after tympanostomy tube placement in terms of the bacteria profile, treatment effectiveness, and overall disease burden. A total of 157 patients over 6 years were reviewed. Fifty of the 157 patients (31.8%) experienced postoperative otorrhea. Of the 50 patients with otorrhea, all received topical antibiotics, 30 received oral antibiotics, and 12 received povidone-iodine irrigations. The average duration of otorrhea was 5...
April 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486950/performance-of-mycobacterium-growth-indicator-tube-bactec-960-with-lowenstein-jensen-method-for-diagnosis-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-at-ethiopian-national-tuberculosis-reference-laboratory-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#15
Getu Diriba, Abebaw Kebede, Zelalem Yaregal, Muluwork Getahun, Mengistu Tadesse, Abyot Meaza, Zekarias Dagne, Shewki Moga, Jibril Dilebo, Kebebe Gudena, Mulu Hassen, Kassu Desta
BACKGROUND: Bacteriological confirmed active case detection remains the corner stone for diagnosing tuberculosis. Non-radiometric liquid culture system Mycobacterium Growth Indicator Tube with automated interface had been recommended by expert groups in addition to conventional solid culture media such as Lowenstein-Jensen. However in high burden resource limited countries advanced non-radiometric based tuberculosis diagnostic methods such as MGIT 960 is limited. Therefore we have evaluated the performance of MGIT 960 system compared to LJ for recovery of Mycobacterium complex (MTBC) from clinical specimens...
May 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486259/appendicitis-in-a-neutropenic-patient-a-multicentric-retrospective-study
#16
Alberto A Scarpa, Géraldine Hery, Arnaud Petit, Benoit Brethon, Irène Jimenez, Virginie Gandemer, Samuel Abbou, Stéphanie Haouy, Jean Breaud, Marilyne Poiree
To study the management of acute appendicitis in neutropenic patients, we retrospectively reviewed cases of acute appendicitis in neutropenic children treated for cancer. The patients' demographics, medical records, and outcomes were tracked. We compared nonoperative treatment versus emergency or delayed surgery. The cases of 30 patients with a mean age of 8.8 years in 12 French departments of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology between 1995 and 2013 were studied. Most patients (90%) were treated for hematological malignancies...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485357/bacteriological-trends-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-patterns-of-clinical-isolates-at-government-cancer-hospital-marathwada
#17
S Nazneen, K Mukta, C Santosh, A Borde
INTRODUCTION: Preventing and starting early treatment of infections in patients whose immunity system is weak due to malignancies can reduce mortality. Since our hospital is a newly constructed one, this study aimed to determine microbial and antibiotic resistance patterns in clinical samples of patients with cancer at our center to start early treatment before the results of clinical tests are known. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study was carried out in the Department of Microbiology, Government Cancer Hospital during the period from January 2016 to December 2016...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485320/aerosolized-amikacin-as-adjunctive-therapy-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-caused-by-multidrug-resistant-gram-negative-bacteria-a-single-center-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Chang Liu, Yu-Ting Zhang, Zhi-Yong Peng, Qing Zhou, Bo Hu, Hui Zhou, Jian-Guo Li
BACKGROUND: Aerosolized amikacin (AA) is a current option for the management of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (MDR-GNB), as it is reported that AA could increase the alveolar level of the drug without increasing systemic toxicity. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of AA as an adjunctive therapy for VAP caused by MDR-GNB. METHODS: In this single-center, double-blind study conducted in a 36-bed general Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in a tertiary hospital from June 2014 to June 2016, 52 ICU patients with confirmed MDR-GNB VAP were randomized to two groups (AA group, n = 27 and placebo group, n = 25)...
May 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485312/pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-efficacies-of-continuous-versus-intermittent-administration-of-meropenem-in-patients-with-severe-sepsis-and-septic-shock-a-prospective-randomized-pilot-study
#19
Hui-Ying Zhao, Jian Gu, Jie Lyu, Dan Liu, Yi-Tong Wang, Fang Liu, Feng-Xue Zhu, You-Zhong An
BACKGROUND: The antibiotic meropenem is commonly administered in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. We compared the pharmacokinetic, clinical, and bacteriological efficacies of continuous infusion of meropenem versus intermittent administration in such patients. METHODS: Patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) with severe sepsis or septic shock who received meropenem were randomly assigned to either the continuous (n = 25) or intermittent groups (n = 25)...
May 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484051/non-canonical-translation-initiation-comes-of-age
#20
Paul Babitzke, Michael O'Connor
The canonical translation initiation mechanism involves base pairing between the mRNA and 16S rRNA. However, a variety of identified mechanisms deviate from this conventional route. In this issue of Journal of Bacteriology, Beck and Janssen describe another non-canonical mode of translation initiation. We describe how this process differs from previously reported mechanisms with the hope that it will foster increased awareness of the diversity of regulatory mechanisms that await discovery.
May 8, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
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