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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354211/case-of-victims-of-modern-imaging-technology-increased-information-noise-concealing-the-diagnosis
#1
Abhishek Mahajan, G V Santhoshkumar, Ameya Shirish Kawthalkar, Richa Vaish, Nilesh Sable, Supreeta Arya, Subhash Desai
We present a case of tubercular arthritis who underwent numerous unnecessary investigations what is known as "victims of modern imaging technology" or VOMIT. Today there is an exponential rise in the volume of the medical imaging, part of which is contributed by unnecessary and unjustified indications. We discuss about the untoward effects of the uninhibited and careless use of modern imaging modalities and possible ways to avoid. Skeletal manifestation of the tuberculosis is still common in the endemic countries like India...
December 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349716/detection-of-bovine-carriers-of-leptospira-by-serological-bacteriological-and-molecular-tools
#2
Melissa H Pinna, Gabriel Martins, Ana Paula Loureiro, Walter Lilenbaum
Bovine leptospirosis is an important infectious disease that causes reproductive problems and economic risks, particularly in the tropics. The present study aimed to determine the extent of Leptospira infection among bovines on a slaughterhouse from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil via serological, bacteriological, and molecular tests. Two hundred eight bovines were examined in total, and we obtained 208 blood samples for serology, 198 urine samples collected via direct bladder puncture for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and culture, 208 kidney samples (one from each animal) for PCR and culture, and 92 vaginal fluid samples from sterile swabs for PCR and culture...
January 18, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344778/the-relationship-between-vancomycin-trough-concentrations-and-auc-mic-ratios-in-pediatric-patients-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Stacey Tkachuk, Kyle Collins, Mary H H Ensom
BACKGROUND: In adults, the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) divided by the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) is associated with better clinical and bacteriological response to vancomycin in patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus who achieve target AUC/MIC ≥ 400. This target is often extrapolated to pediatric patients despite the lack of similar evidence. The impracticalities of calculating the AUC in practice means vancomycin trough concentrations are used to predict the AUC/MIC...
January 17, 2018: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341220/prevalence-of-rhodococcus-equi-from-the-nasal-cavity-of-1-010-apparently-healthy-horses
#4
L T Gressler, G Machado, B P da Silveira, N D Cohen, L G Corbellini, V B Leotti, G N Diehl, L C Dos Santos, A Castagna de Vargas
BACKGROUND: Rhodococcus equi is an important cause of foal pneumonia. While its isolation from different sources has been widely evaluated, there is a need to better understand the R. equi epidemiology from samples of the nasal cavity of healthy horses. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of R. equi from the nasal cavity of healthy horses, along with its virulence profile, antimicrobial susceptibility, and environmental variables associated. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
January 17, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338721/infectious-keratoconjunctivitis-in-semi-domesticated-eurasian-tundra-reindeer-rangifer-tarandus-tarandus-microbiological-study-of-clinically-affected-and-unaffected-animals-with-special-reference-to-cervid-herpesvirus-2
#5
Javier Sánchez Romano, Torill Mørk, Sauli Laaksonen, Erik Ågren, Ingebjørg H Nymo, Marianne Sunde, Morten Tryland
BACKGROUND: Infectious keratoconjunctivitis (IKC) is one of the most common ocular diseases in ruminants worldwide. In addition to keratitis and conjunctivitis, animals with IKC can develop uveitis, corneal ulcer, and in severe cases, blindness. The bacteria Moraxella spp. has been described as the primary causative agent of infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis (IBK) in cattle (Bos taurus), while Chlamydia spp. and Mycoplasma conjunctivae are considered the main causative agents of IKC in sheep (Ovis aries)...
January 16, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331471/symposium-review-novel-strategies-to-genetically-improve-mastitis-resistance-in-dairy-cattle
#6
P Martin, H W Barkema, L F Brito, S G Narayana, F Miglior
Mastitis is a disease of major economic importance to the dairy cattle sector because of the high incidence of clinical mastitis and prevalence of subclinical mastitis and, consequently, the costs associated with treatment, production losses, and reduced animal welfare. Disease-recording systems compiling data from a large number of farms are still not widely implemented around the world; thus, selection for mastitis resistance is often based on genetically correlated indicator traits such as somatic cell count (SCC), udder depth, and fore udder attachment...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330384/detection-of-apparent-cell-free-m-tuberculosis-dna-from-plasma
#7
E S Click, W Murithi, G S Ouma, K McCarthy, M Willby, S Musau, H Alexander, E Pevzner, J Posey, K P Cain
New diagnostics are needed to improve clinicians' ability to detect tuberculosis (TB) disease in key populations such as children and persons living with HIV and to rapidly detect drug resistance. Circulating cell-free DNA (ccfDNA) in plasma is a diagnostic target in new obstetric and oncologic applications, but its utility for diagnosing TB is not known. Here we show that Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex DNA can be detected in plasma of persons with sputum smear-positive TB, even in the absence of mycobacteremia...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328024/endometrial-polyps-in-women-of-reproductive-age-clinical-and-pathogene-tic-variations
#8
N Kosei, N Zakharenko, D Herman
The aim of the study was to study the relationship between the morphofunctional characteristics of the endometrium, hormonal homeostasis and microbiocenosis of the reproductive system in patients with endometrial polyps. The study involved 130 patients aged 18-35 years: 34 patients with endometrial polyps, 30 patients with micropolyps, 36 patients with endometrial polyps and micropolyps, 30 healthy women of the control group. Hysteroscopy was performed for women who had been suspected for endometrial polyps and who had infertility or repeated recurrent miscarriages...
December 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327449/clinical-microbiological-and-cytomorphometric-evaluation-of-low-level-laser-therapy-as-an-adjunct-to-periodontal-therapy-in-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis
#9
M S Petrović, I Y Kannosh, J M Milašin, D S Mihailović, R R Obradović, S R Bubanj, L G Kesić
OBJECTIVE: A clinical prospective study was designed to evaluate microbiological, cytomorphometric and clinical efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) as an adjunct to periodontal therapy in the treatment of chronic periodontitis. METHODS: Sixty subjects were included and randomly assigned into 2 groups: SRP (scaling root planning) group (n = 30) and LLLT + SRP group (n = 30). Clinical parameters were measured before intervention, after the fifth treatment, and after a month...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319026/sequelae-of-pulmonary-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-at-the-completion-of-treatment
#10
Rupak Singla, Manashree Mallick, Parul Mrigpuri, Neeta Singla, Amitesh Gupta
BACKGROUND: Treatment of multidrug-resistant (MDR-TB) mainly focuses on bacteriological cure. However, only limited studies have evaluated the sequelae left after the completion of treatment among MDR-TB patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the persistent symptoms, radiological sequelae, pulmonary function impairment and quality of life at the completion of treatment among MDR-TB patients. METHODS: Forty six MDR-TB patients were enrolled, who completed two years of treatment under programmatic management of Drug Resistant tuberculosis at a tertiary referral institute in Delhi, India...
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316016/non-invasive-measurement-of-reepithelialization-and-microvascularity-of-suction-blister-wounds-with-benchmarking-to-histology
#11
Heidi Fhaer Larsen, Malin Glindvad Ahlström, Lise Mette Rahbek Gjerdrum, Mette Mogensen, Khaled Ghathian, Henrik Calum, Anne Lyngholm Sørensen, Julie Lyng Forman, Mark Vandeven, Marian N Holerca, Laurence Du-Thumm, Lars Nannestad Jorgensen, Magnus S Ågren
We explored use of the suction-blister wound model in the assessment of not only epidermal regeneration but also pain, the microvascular response and bacteriology. The effects of topical zinc sulfate were studied to articulate the methodologies in this double-blind trial. One epidermal suction blister (10 mm) was induced on each buttock in 30 healthy volunteers (15 females:15 males) and de-roofed on day 0. The wounds were randomized to daily treatment with 1.4% zinc sulfate shower gel (n = 20), placebo (n = 20) or control (n = 20)...
January 8, 2018: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313474/clinical-bacteriologic-and-geographic-stratification-of-melioidosis-emerges-from-the-sri-lankan-national-surveillance-program
#12
Harindra D Sathkumara, Adam J Merritt, Enoka M Corea, Shivankari Krishnananthasivam, Mohan Natesan, Timothy J J Inglis, Aruna Dharshan De Silva
Melioidosis, a potentially fatal tropical infection, is said to be underdiagnosed in low-income countries. An increase in melioidosis cases in Sri Lanka allowed us to analyze the relationship among clinical outcome, bacteriology, epidemiology, and geography in the first 108 laboratory-confirmed cases of melioidosis from a nationwide surveillance program. The additional 76 cases of laboratory-confirmed melioidosis confirmed additional associations between Burkholderia pseudomallei multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and infection phenotype; ST1137/unifocal bacteremic infection (χ2 = 3...
January 8, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300289/urinary-sample-collection-methods-in-ileal-conduit-urinary-diversion-patients-a-randomized-control-trial
#13
Markku H Vaarala
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare bacteriological urinalysis findings using 3 urinary sample collection methods (clean stoma catheterization, urine dripping from the stoma, urine collected from the clean urostomy pouch) in ileal conduit urinary diversion patients. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SAMPLE AND SETTING: Twenty-seven patients with ileal conduit urinary diversion from an outpatient urology clinic were enrolled; 9 patients were seen twice, for a total of 36 subjects and comparisons...
January 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298746/-leonhard-riedm%C3%A3-ller-swiss-public-enemy-or-pawn-sacrifice
#14
A Pospischil
On June 9, 1945 the Zurich cantonal government issued the lifetime deportation from Switzerland for Prof. Dr. med. vet. Leonhard Riedmüller (1898-1976) and his spouse Helena, née Eltze (1910-1990), both German citizens on grounds of Riedmüllers' membership in the NSDAP, "Landesgruppe Schweiz". Riedmüllers' several attempts to appeal at court were not successful. Riedmüllers biography shows that he served in the German Army at the Western front during WW I. Following the war he studied Veterinary Medicine at the University of Munich where he received the degree of Dr...
January 2018: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297824/detection-of-mycobacterium-avium-subspecies-paratuberculosis-in-rock-hyraxes-procavia-capensis-imported-from-south-africa
#15
Kim Fechner, Jenny Schäfer, Pia Münster, Kerstin Ternes, Susanne Döring, Inger Völkel, Franz-Josef Kaup, Claus-Peter Czerny
Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) causes chronic, progressive, and consecutively fatal enteritis, especially in ruminants. MAP distribution among wildlife is not yet clear. In this study, three wild-born rock hyraxes ( Procavia capensis) had been imported from South Africa to a German zoological garden. During the quarantine period, four young animals were born. The wild-born animals showed symptoms of mild diarrhea shortly after their arrival in the zoological garden, but all routine parasitological and bacteriologic tests performed were negative...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297426/risk-factors-for-extensive-drug-resistance-in-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-cases-a-case-case-study
#16
L Guglielmetti, N Veziris, A Aubry, F Brossier, C Bernard, W Sougakoff, V Jarlier, J Robert
SETTINGS: Identification of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) may be delayed because of the lack of availability of molecular testing for second-line drugs (SLDs). Early suspicion of XDR-TB is therefore necessary to avoid developing further drug resistance. OBJECTIVE: To identify the characteristics associated with XDR-TB among multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) cases before the availability of second-line drug susceptibility testing (DST) results. METHODS: All MDR-TB cases with available second-line DST results recorded in France from 1998 to 2013 were classified as simple MDR-TB (no resistance to fluoroquinolones [FQs] or second-line injectable drugs [SLIDs]), pre-XDR-TB (resistance to FQs or SLIDs) and XDR-TB cases (resistance to both)...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290231/antimicrobial-treatment-of-diarrhea-acute-gastroenteritis-in-children
#17
R Cohen, J Raymond, D Gendrel
Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) are usually caused by viruses, especially Rotavirus and Norovirus. Among the bacterial causes, very few warrant antibiotic treatment, mainly Shigella, Vibrio cholerae, Campylobacter (only for severe cases, particularly in the initial phase) and severe cases of Salmonella infection. The antimicrobial treatments proposed in this guide follow the latest guidelines of the European Society of Pediatric Infectious Diseases and the European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition...
December 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286009/efficacy-of-loading-dose-of-colistin-in-acinetobacter-baumannii-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#18
Emine Alp, Esma Eren, Gülseren Elay, Fatma Cevahir, Aliye Esmaoğlu, Jordi Rello
Colistin loading dose (LD) has been postulated as an advance in therapy. The clinical, microbiological effectiveness and nephrotoxicity of adding an LD to systemic colistin in ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii remain unknown. In this quasi experimental study, the efficacy, outcomes and nephrotoxicity in 30 adults who received intravenous colistin with LD for MDR A. baumannii ventilator associated pneumonia were compared with 22 in absence of LD...
December 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283389/identification-of-host-defense-related-proteins-using-label-free-quantitative-proteomic-analysis-of-milk-whey-from-cows-with-staphylococcus-aureus-subclinical-mastitis
#19
Shaimaa Abdelmegid, Jayaseelan Murugaiyan, Mohamed Abo-Ismail, Jeff L Caswell, David Kelton, Gordon M Kirby
Staphylococcus aureus is the most common contagious pathogen associated with bovine subclinical mastitis. Current diagnosis of S. aureus mastitis is based on bacteriological culture of milk samples and somatic cell counts, which lack either sensitivity or specificity. Identification of milk proteins that contribute to host defense and their variable responses to pathogenic stimuli would enable the characterization of putative biomarkers of subclinical mastitis. To accomplish this, milk whey samples from healthy and mastitic dairy cows were analyzed using a label-free quantitative proteomics approach...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280539/bacteriological-evaluation-of-composted-manure-solids-prepared-from-anaerobic-digested-slurry-for-hygienic-recycled-bedding-materials-for-dairy-cows
#20
Eiryu Okamoto, Hiroki Miyanishi, Akinobu Nakamura, Tomoyuki Kobayashi, Norihiko Kobayashi, Yoshinori Terawaki, Hajime Nagahata
Changes in mastitis-causing pathogens, pH and water content in composted manure solids (CMS) prepared from digested slurry were evaluated during turning at 2-day intervals for 8 days (C1-C4). The numbers of streptococci, coagulase-negative staphylococci and coliforms were 2.6 × 101 , 1.7 × 102 and 1.0 × 101  colony-forming units (cfu)/g in CMS (C4) (summer), and these counts were markedly lower (P < 0.05) than those in CMS (C0 and C1). The bacterial counts ranged from 101 to 1.7 × 102  cfu/g in CMS (C4) (summer) and were within approved levels, <1 × 106  cfu/g, indicating a minimal mastitis risk...
December 27, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
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