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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253945/-pyogenic-spinal-infections-in-adults-a-5-year-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-centre
#1
O Džupová, R Cihlářová
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY To describe epidemiological and clinical features of pyogenic spinal infections in patients treated at the Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Tropical Diseases of the Hospital Na Bulovce in 2010-2014, and to analyse a predictive significance of selected variables. MATERIAL AND METHODS A single-centre retrospective cohort study carried out from 1.1.2010 to 31.12.2014 enrolled adult patients with septic spondylitis, discitis and facet joint infections. Recorded parameters included: demographics, chronic comorbidities, time to diagnosis, radiological work-up, anatomical level of spinal infection, source of infection, etiological agent, complications, treatment and outcomes...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250635/the-role-of-minimally-invasive-spine-surgery-in-the-management-of-pyogenic-spinal-discitis
#2
Mazda K Turel, Mena Kerolus, Harel Deutsch
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic yields for spondylodiscitis from CT guided biopsy is low. In the recent years, minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has shown to have a low morbidity and faster recovery. For spinal infections, MIS surgery may offer an opportunity for early pain control while obtaining a higher diagnostic yield than CT-guided biopsies. The aim of this study was to review our patients who underwent MIS surgery for spinal infection and report outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective review of seven patients who underwent MIS decompression and/or discectomy in the setting of discitis, osteomyelitis, spondylodiscitis, and/or an epidural abscess was identified...
January 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965310/rare-cause-of-back-pain-staphylococcus-aureus-vertebral-osteomyelitis-complicated-by-recurrent-epidural-abscess-and-severe-sepsis
#3
Louise Dunphy, Shabnam Iyer, Christopher Brown
An epidural abscess represents a rare acute medical emergency, with a reported incidence of 2.5/10 000 hospital admissions annually. The clinical features include fever, spinal pain, radiating nerve root pain and leg weakness. When sepsis is present, prompt recognition is required to initiate appropriate antimicrobial therapy and surgical decompression. We present the case of a man aged 68 years presenting to the emergency department with a 3-day history of fever, low back, right hip and leg pain. He was hypoxic, tachycardic and hypotensive...
December 13, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920864/clinical-case-report-discitis-osteomyelitis-complicated-by-inferior-vena-cava-venous-thrombosis-and-septic-pulmonary-emboli
#4
Zerwa Farooq, Brooke Devenney-Cakir
Viridans group streptococcus is an infrequent cause of osteomyelitis that is found in association with infective endocarditis. Only a few studies report viridans osteomyelitis in the absence of endocarditis. Vertebral pyogenic osteomyelitis can sometimes be complicated by psoas or paraspinal abscesses. These intra-abdominal and/or pelvic collections can very rarely result in venous thrombosis. A paraspinal abscess resulting in inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis has only been reported once in the literature...
December 2016: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918144/a-novel-rat-tail-discitis-model-using-bioluminescent-staphylococcus-aureus
#5
Phillip A Bostian, Jonathan M Karnes, Shari Cui, Lisa J Robinson, Scott D Daffner, Michelle R Witt, Sanford E Emery
Management of spondylodiscitis is a challenging clinical problem requiring medical and surgical treatment strategies. The purpose of this study was to establish a rat model of spondylodiscitis that utilizes bioluminescent Staphylococcus aureus, thus permitting in-vivo surveillance of infection intensity. Inocula of the bioluminescent S. aureus strain XEN36 were created in concentrations of 10(2) CFU/0.1 mL, 10(4) CFU/0.1 mL, and 10(6) CFU/0.1 mL. Three groups of rats were injected with the bacteria in the most proximal intervertebral tail segment...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891030/the-role-of-transforaminal-percutaneous-endoscopic-discectomy-in-lumbar-disc-herniations
#6
Sarang Gotecha, Deepak Ranade, Sujay Vikhe Patil, Ashish Chugh, Megha Kotecha, Shrikant Sharma, Prashant Punia
OBJECTIVES: To study 1)the efficacy of transforaminal percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy in lumbar disc herniations.2) limitations and advantages of the surgical procedure. 3)morbidity and complications associated with the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out on 120 patients who had single level herniated disc Pre-operative assessment of VAS and MSS scoring systems were documented one day prior to surgery. Post operative results were determined by MacNab criteria and by modified Suezawa and Schreiber clinical scoring system (MSS score)...
October 2016: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798556/top-100-cited-articles-on-back-pain-research-a-citation-analysis
#7
Weimin Huang, Lei Wang, Bing Wang, Lili Yu, Xiuchun Yu
STUDY DESIGN: A bibliometric review of the literature. OBJECTIVE: Back pain is a global burden that leads people to seek medical service and results in work disability. Numerous studies are published annually to give new insights into back pain. However, characteristics of the high-impact articles on back pain have not been explored. The current study aimed to identify the 100 most cited articles on back pain and determine their characteristics. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Back pain is a globally leading cause of work disability...
November 1, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766189/correction-lumbosacral-osteomyelitis-and-discitis-with-phlegmon-following-laparoscopic-sacral-colpopexy
#8
Amanda V Jenson, Robert Scranton, Danielle D Antosh, Richard K Simpson
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.7759/cureus.671.].
October 12, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755204/distinguishing-pseudomeningocele-epidural-hematoma-and-postoperative-infection-on-postoperative-mri
#9
Kris Radcliff, William B Morrison, Christopher Kepler, Jeffrey Moore, Gursukhman S Sidhu, David Gendelberg, Luciano Miller, Marcos A Sonagli, Alexander R Vaccaro
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. OBJECTIVE: To identify specific magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of epidural fluid collections associated with infection, hematoma, or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Interpretation of postoperative MRI can be challenging after lumbar fusion. The purpose of this study was to identify specific MRI characteristics of epidural fluid collections associated with infection, hematoma, or CSF...
November 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753184/spinal-infections-in-older-people-an-analysis-of-demographics-presenting-features-microbiology-and-outcomes
#10
S Amadoru, K Lim, M Tacey, C Aboltins
BACKGROUND: Clinical features of infection can become more atypical as we age. Spinal infections can be insidious, and timely diagnosis and treatment are essential to prevent adverse outcomes. AIMS: To explore differences in presentation and outcomes between younger and older patients with bacterial spinal infections. METHODS: Clinical, microbiological and radiological information was collected for patients with spinal infections (spondylodiscitis, vertebral osteomyelitis, septic discitis, facet joint septic arthritis and spinal epidural abscess) at a single metropolitan hospital between January 2008 and January 2015...
February 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694334/fever-of-unknown-origin-in-a-patient-initially-presenting-with-traveller-s-diarrhoea
#11
Malik Asif Humayun, Tristan Richardson, Augustin Brooks
A 17-year-old male presented with diarrhoea and malaise following his return from Kenya and Tunisia. He was managed as a case of traveller's diarrhoea. Stool cultures were negative for pathogenic bacterial growth. Two weeks later he presented with worsening lower back pain. MRI of lumbosacral spine suggested L1 osteomyelitis. CT-guided spinal aspirate grew no organisms and repeat viral serology and blood cultures (including tuberculosis screening) were negative. He was treated with a 6-week course of ceftriaxone...
September 30, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659697/minimally-invasive-sacrocolpopexy-how-to-avoid-short-and-long-term-complications
#12
REVIEW
Catherine A Matthews
Sacrocolpopexy remains the "gold standard" procedure for management of posthysterectomy vaginal vault prolapse with improved anatomic outcomes compared to native tissue vaginal repair. Despite absence of clinical data, sacrocolpopexy is increasingly being offered to women as a primary treatment intervention for uterine prolapse. While reoperation rates remain low, recurrent prolapse and vaginal mesh exposure appear to increase over time. The potential morbidity associated with sacrocolpopexy is higher than for native tissue vaginal repair with complications including sacral hemorrhage, discitis, small bowel obstruction, port site herniation, and mesh erosion...
November 2016: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649709/-intervertebral-discitis-in-children
#13
Leila Louise Benhassen, Thomas Balslev, Lise Gammelgaard, Lena Hagelskjær Kristensen, Bjarne Møller-Madsen
Intervertebral discitis is a rare disorder which is easily missed. It presents with non-specific symptoms such as irritability, abdominal pain, decreased appetite and limping. The infection parameters can be normal, and blood cultures are often negative. The pathogenesis is not established but infectious, and inflammatory aetiologies have been suggested. Diagnostic golden standard is magnetic resonance imaging. The treatment is immobilization, anti-inflammatory drugs and often antibiotics. Early treatment is important to reduce the risk of complications such as nerve damage and spine fusion...
September 19, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637417/concurrent-emphysematous-pyelonephritis-cystitis-and-iliopsoas-abscess-from-discitis-in-a-diabetic-woman
#14
Sung-Yuan Hu, Bor-Jen Lee, Che-An Tsai, Ming-Shun Hsieh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551651/lumbosacral-osteomyelitis-and-discitis-with-phlegmon-following-laparoscopic-sacral-colpopexy
#15
Amanda V Jenson M D, Robert Scranton, Danielle D Antosh, Richard K Simpson
Lumbosacral osteomyelitis and discitis are usually a result of hematogenous spread; rarely it can result from direct inoculation during a surgical procedure. Bacteria may also track along implanted devices to a different location. This is a rare complication seen from pelvic organ prolapse surgery with sacral colpopexy. A 67-year-old female developed increasing lower back pain four months following a laparoscopic sacral colpopexy. Imaging revealed lumbar 5-sacral 1 (L5-S1) osteomyelitis and discitis with associated phlegmon confirmed by percutaneous biopsy and culture...
2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491355/a-case-of-epidemic-myalgia-with-symptoms-resembling-acute-purulent-spondylitis-and-discitis
#16
Tsuneaki Kenzaka, Yukariko Hida, Masanori Matsumoto, Hozuka Akita
BACKGROUND: Epidemic myalgia is a disease that presents with fever and extreme myalgia of the trunk due to an acute enterovirus infection. The trunk pain is mainly in the chest or in the epigastrium. We aimed to highlight a case of epidemic myalgia where initial diagnosis needed differentiation from acute purulent spondylitis and discitis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 33-year-old woman presented with fever, chills, and acute episodes of low back pain. The sole unusual finding was pain upon spinal percussion, limited to the 4th and 5th lumbar vertebrae...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417552/clinical-features-of-septic-discitis-in-the-uk-a-retrospective-case-ascertainment-study-and-review-of-management-recommendations
#17
Neil Hopkinson, Kamal Patel
Septic discitis is a rare but important cause of spinal pain caused by intervertebral disc infection. This retrospective observational case series analysis will examine the clinical features and management of septic discitis in 23 patients and compare with a similar 2001 study. We will also review the evidence behind management recommendations to identify areas for future research. The incidence of septic discitis was 2 per 100,000 per year. Patients presented with spinal pain (96 %), fever (70 %) and raised inflammatory markers...
September 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27408498/spinal-infections-in-children-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Rahul Tyagi
Spinal infections are uncommon but significant causes of morbidity and hospitalization in the paediatric population. These infections encompass a broad range of conditions, from discitis to osteomyelitis and spinal epidural and intramedullary abscesses. Paediatric spinal infections can be caused by a range of bacterial, viral, fungal and parasitic agents. Ultrastructural differences of the vertebrae and associated structures result in distinct mechanisms of pathogenesis of spinal infections in children compared to adults...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366178/chronic-q-fever-in-alberta-a-case-of-coxiella-burnetii-mycotic-aneurysm-and-concomitant-vertebral-osteomyelitis
#19
William Stokes, Jack Janvier, Stephen Vaughan
Chronic Q fever is a potentially life-threatening infection from the intracellular, Gram-negative Coxiella burnetii. It presents most commonly as endocarditis or vascular infection in people with underlying cardiac or vascular disease. We discuss a case of a 67-year-old male with Coxiella burnetii vascular infection of a perirenal abdominal aortic graft. The patient had a history of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair 5 years earlier. He presented with a 12 × 6 × 8 cm perirenal pseudoaneurysm and concomitant L1, L2, and L3 vertebral body discitis...
2016: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366177/rat-bite-fever-resembling-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
Ripa Akter, Paul Boland, Peter Daley, Proton Rahman, Nayef Al Ghanim
Rat bite fever is rare in Western countries. It can be very difficult to diagnose as blood cultures are typically negative and a history of rodent exposure is often missed. Unless a high index of suspicion is maintained, the associated polyarthritis can be mistaken for rheumatoid arthritis. We report a case of culture-positive rat bite fever in a 46-year-old female presenting with fever and polyarthritis. The clinical presentation mimicked rheumatoid arthritis. Infection was complicated by discitis, a rare manifestation...
2016: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
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