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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016467/the-development-and-psychometric-testing-on-psychiatric-nurses-of-a-nurse-case-management-competence-scale-in-taiwan
#1
Shing-Chia Chen, Shih-Kai Lee, Jiin-Ru Rong, Chien-Chang Wu, Wen-I Liu
BACKGROUND: Case management is a complex process involving multiple activities. It is vital that nurses are competent in all related tasks for case management. A competence scale is a valuable tool for assessing task-related competency. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to examine the reliability and validity of an assessment scale for nurse case management competence and to use this scale to assess the current competency of nurses. METHODS: A nurse case management competence scale was developed in three stages: (a) selection of assessment items according to standards of practice for case management and literature review, (b) determination of content validity using the Delphi technique with a panel of experts, and (c) psychometric testing of the developed competence scale using a cross-sectional design...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982839/study-protocol-of-the-internet-user-cohort-for-unbiased-recognition-of-gaming-disorder-in-early-adolescence-icure-korea-2015-2019
#2
Hyunsuk Jeong, Hyeon Woo Yim, Sun-Jin Jo, Seung-Yup Lee, Eunjin Kim, Hye Jung Son, Hyun-Ho Han, Hae Kook Lee, Yong-Sil Kweon, Soo-Young Bhang, Jung-Seok Choi, Bung-Nyun Kim, Douglas A Gentile, Marc N Potenza
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) proposed nine internet gaming disorder (IGD) diagnostic criteria as a condition warranting further empirical and clinical research. The aim of this study is to clarify the natural and clinical courses of IGD proposed DSM-5 in adolescents and to evaluate its risk and protective factors. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Internet user Cohort for Unbiased Recognition of gaming disorder in Early Adolescence (iCURE) study is an ongoing multidisciplinary, prospective, longitudinal cohort study conducted in 21 schools in Korea...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978249/the-influence-of-coercive-measures-on-patients-stances-towards-psychiatric-institutions
#3
Juliane Mielau, Jasmin Altunbay, Anja Lehmann, Felix Bermpohl, Andreas Heinz, Christiane Montag
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of coercive interventions (CI) on patients' evaluations of psychiatric hospitals as adversaries versus allies. METHODS: Self-constructed interviews were conducted relating to quantitative and subjective aspects of coercion and the attitude towards psychiatry of 79 patients with psychotic and bipolar disorders. The Coercion Experience Scale (CES) and the Admission Experience Survey (AES) were used to establish the subjective impact of CI...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969932/targeted-neural-network-interventions-for-auditory-hallucinations-can-tms-inform-dbs
#4
Joseph J Taylor, John H Krystal, Deepak C D'Souza, Jason Lee Gerrard, Philip R Corlett
The debilitating and refractory nature of auditory hallucinations (AH) in schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders has stimulated investigations into neuromodulatory interventions that target the aberrant neural networks associated with them. Internal or invasive forms of brain stimulation such as deep brain stimulation (DBS) are currently being explored for treatment-refractory schizophrenia. The process of developing and implementing DBS is limited by symptom clustering within psychiatric constructs as well as a scarcity of causal tools with which to predict response, refine targeting or guide clinical decisions...
September 29, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966601/the-lacanian-concept-of-paranoia-an-historical-perspective
#5
Thomas Lepoutre, Manoel L Madeira, Nicolas Guerin
This article seeks to reopen a major question raised by the Lacanian nosology of the psychoses, by looking closely at Lacan's formulations of what he never ceased referring to as "paranoia". While almost all classification systems of modern psychiatry, such as the ICD-10 and the DSM-5, have abandoned the specific category of paranoia, Lacan always viewed paranoia as a major category of "functional psychosis". He held that paranoia was a qualitatively different disorder than schizophrenia, and considered it to be the principal or exemplary form of psychosis...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964912/functional-coding-variation-in-the-presynaptic-dopamine-transporter-associated-with-neuropsychiatric-disorders-drives-enhanced-motivation-and-context-dependent-impulsivity-in-mice
#6
Gwynne L Davis, Adele Stewart, Gregg D Stanwood, Raajaram Gowrishankar, Maureen K Hahn, Randy D Blakely
Recent genetic analyses have provided evidence that clinical commonalities associated with different psychiatric diagnoses often have shared mechanistic underpinnings. The development of animal models expressing functional genetic variation attributed to multiple disorders offers a salient opportunity to capture molecular, circuit and behavioral alterations underlying this hypothesis. In keeping with studies suggesting dopaminergic contributions to attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), bipolar disorder (BPD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), subjects with these diagnoses have been found to express a rare, functional coding substitution in the dopamine (DA) transporter (DAT), Ala559Val...
September 28, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961164/three-types-of-intimate-relationships-among-individuals-with-chronic-pain-and-a-history-of-trauma-exposure
#7
Carissa van den Berk-Clark, Terri L Weaver, F David Schneider
Individuals with chronic pain often have psychiatric disorders, such as depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which can affect their intimate relationship satisfaction and stability. Little is known about the nature of support stemming from chronic pain patients' intimate relationships, and therefore, this study sought to: (1) use cluster modeling to construct specific intimate relationship groups based on types of support patients receive, and (2) determine if there is a relationship between support type and PTSD, chronic pain, anxiety, and depression...
September 29, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954870/sex-and-estrus-dependent-differences-in-rat-basolateral-amygdala
#8
Shannon R Blume, Mari Freedberg, Jaime E Vantrease, Ronny Chan, Mallika Padival, Matthew J Record, M Regina DeJoseph, Janice H Urban, J Amiel Rosenkranz
Depression and anxiety are diagnosed almost twice as often in women, the symptomology differs in men and women and is sensitive to sex hormones. The basolateral amygdala (BLA) contributes to emotion-related behaviors that differ between males and females and across the reproductive cycle. This hints to sex- or estrus-dependent features of BLA function, about which very little is known. The purpose of this study was to test whether there are sex differences or estrous cyclicity in rat BLA physiology and to determine their mechanistic correlates...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954699/a-longitudinal-investigation-of-the-concise-health-risk-tracking-self-report-chrt-sr-in-suicidal-patients-during-and-after-hospitalization
#9
Ana C Villegas, Christina M DuBois, Christopher M Celano, Eleanor E Beale, Carol A Mastromauro, Jeremy G Stewart, Randy P Auerbach, Jeff C Huffman, Bettina B Hoeppner
The Concise Health Risk Tracking Self-Report (CHRT-SR) scale is a brief self-report instrument to assess suicide risk. Initial investigations have indicated good psychometric properties in psychiatric outpatients. The aims of this paper were to examine the construct validity and factor structure of the twelve- (CHRT-SR12) and seven-item (CHRT-SR7) versions and to test if clinically expected within-person changes in suicide risk over time were measurable using the CHRT-SR in two study cohorts hospitalized for suicidal ideation or behavior: (1) patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) who participated in a psychological intervention trial, n = 65, and (2) participants with bipolar disorder or MDD in an observational study, n = 44...
September 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954415/in-silico-prediction-of-the-anti-depression-mechanism-of-a-herbal-formula-tiansi-liquid-containing-morinda-officinalis-and-cuscuta-chinensis
#10
Dan Cheng, Ghualm Murtaza, Suya Ma, Lingling Li, Xinjie Li, Fangze Tian, Junchao Zheng, Yi Lu
Purpose: Depression is a sickening psychiatric condition that is prevalent worldwide. To manage depression, the underlying modes of antidepressant effect of herbals are important to be explored for the development of natural drugs. Tiansi Liquid is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) that is prescribed for the management of depression, however its underlying mechanism of action is still uncertain. The purpose of this study was to systematically investigate the pharmacological mode of action of a herbal formula used in TCM for the treatment of depression...
September 26, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952636/a-fiber-optic-sensor-for-neurotransmitters-with-ultralow-concentration-near-infrared-plasmonic-electromagnetic-field-enhancement-using-raspberry-like-meso-sio2-nanospheres
#11
Yunyun Huang, Mingfei Ding, Tuan Guo, Dejiao Hu, Yaoyu Cao, Long Jin, Bai-Ou Guan
The feasibility of a localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) enhanced sensor based on raspberry-like nanosphere functionalized silica microfibers has been proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The extinction of single Ag (or Au) nanoparticles usually occurs at visible wavelengths. Nevertheless, a LSPR enhancement at near infrared wavelengths has been achieved by constructing raspberry-like meso-SiO2 nanospheres with noble metal nanoparticle cluster coating. The nanosphere coating captures γ-amino-butyric acid (GABA) targets through size selectivity and enhances the sensitivity by the LSPR effect...
October 12, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949960/risk-treatment-duration-and-recurrence-risk-of-postpartum-affective-disorder-in-women-with-no-prior-psychiatric-history-a-population-based-cohort-study
#12
Marie-Louise H Rasmussen, Marin Strøm, Jan Wohlfahrt, Poul Videbech, Mads Melbye
BACKGROUND: Some 5%-15% of all women experience postpartum depression (PPD), which for many is their first psychiatric disorder. The purpose of this study was to estimate the incidence of postpartum affective disorder (AD), duration of treatment, and rate of subsequent postpartum AD and other affective episodes in a nationwide cohort of women with no prior psychiatric history. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Linking information from several Danish national registers, we constructed a cohort of 457,317 primiparous mothers with first birth (and subsequent births) from 1 January 1996 to 31 December 2013 (a total of 789,068 births) and no prior psychiatric hospital contacts and/or use of antidepressants...
September 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948979/effort-but-not-reward-sensitivity-is-altered-by-acute-sickness-induced-by-experimental-endotoxemia-in-humans
#13
Amelia Draper, Rebecca M Koch, Jos Wm van der Meer, M Apps, Peter Pickkers, Masud Husain, Marieke E van der Schaaf
Sickness behavior in humans is characterized by low mood and fatigue, which have been suggested to reflect changes in motivation involving reorganization of priorities. However, it is unclear which specific processes underlying motivation are altered. We tested whether bacterial endotoxin E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) affected two dissociable constructs of motivational behavior, ie effort and reward sensitivity. After familiarization with 5 effort levels, participants made a series of accept/reject decisions on whether the stake offered (1, 4, 8, 12 or 15 apples)) was 'worth the effort' (10, 27...
September 26, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946763/dissociation-in-psychiatric-disorders-a-meta-analysis-of-studies-using-the-dissociative-experiences-scale
#14
Lisa Lyssenko, Christian Schmahl, Laura Bockhacker, Ruben Vonderlin, Martin Bohus, Nikolaus Kleindienst
OBJECTIVE: Dissociation is a complex, ubiquitous construct in psychopathology. Symptoms of dissociation are present in a variety of mental disorders and have been connected to higher burden of illness and poorer treatment response, and not only in disorders with high levels of dissociation. This meta-analysis offers a systematic and evidence-based study of the prevalence and distribution of dissociation, as assessed by the Dissociative Experiences Scale, within different categories of mental disorders, and it updates an earlier meta-analysis...
September 26, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944108/the-association-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-chronic-medical-conditions-by-ethnicity
#15
Sarah E Valentine, Carrie J Nobles, Monica W Gerber, Adin Vaewsorn, Derri L Shtasel, Luana Marques
Our study extends the literature on associations between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and chronic medical conditions by assessing differences in the magnitude of these relations by ethnicity. We examined group differences in the magnitude of the relation between PTSD and chronic medical conditions (cardiovascular disease [CVD], hypertension, obesity, diabetes). We obtained data from Latino (n = 3,224) and non-Latino white (n = 4,180) respondents from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys...
August 2017: Journal of Latina/o Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924181/common-and-dissociable-regional-cerebral-blood-flow-differences-associate-with-dimensions-of-psychopathology-across-categorical-diagnoses
#16
A N Kaczkurkin, T M Moore, M E Calkins, R Ciric, J A Detre, M A Elliott, E B Foa, A Garcia de la Garza, D R Roalf, A Rosen, K Ruparel, R T Shinohara, C H Xia, D H Wolf, R E Gur, R C Gur, T D Satterthwaite
The high comorbidity among neuropsychiatric disorders suggests a possible common neurobiological phenotype. Resting-state regional cerebral blood flow (CBF) can be measured noninvasively with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and abnormalities in regional CBF are present in many neuropsychiatric disorders. Regional CBF may also provide a useful biological marker across different types of psychopathology. To investigate CBF changes common across psychiatric disorders, we capitalized upon a sample of 1042 youths (ages 11-23 years) who completed cross-sectional imaging as part of the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917390/reengagement-in-ptsd-psychotherapy-a-case-control-study
#17
Katherine R Buchholz, Kipling M Bohnert, Paul N Pfeiffer, Marcia Valenstein, Dara Ganoczy, RaeAnn E Anderson, Rebecca K Sripada
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to identify patient characteristics and care processes related to reengagement in VA psychotherapy. METHODS: Using national VA data, a retrospective cohort was constructed (N=24,492) of veterans who received a new PTSD diagnosis in FY08/FY09 and attended only one to five PTSD psychotherapy sessions. A nested case-control study was conducted comparing veterans who reengaged in psychotherapy (n=9649) in a 1:5 ratio with those who did not reengage by the end of FY12...
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915845/reliability-and-validity-of-a-brief-sleep-questionnaire-for-children-in-japan
#18
Masakazu Okada, Shingo Kitamura, Yoshitaka Iwadare, Hisateru Tachimori, Yuichi Kamei, Shigekazu Higuchi, Kazuo Mishima
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of sleep questionnaires with few items and confirmed reliability and validity that can be used for the early detection of sleep problems in children. The aim of this study was to develop a questionnaire with few items and assess its reliability and validity in both children at high risk of sleep disorders and a community population. METHODS: Data for analysis were derived from two populations targeted by the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ): 178 children attending elementary school and 432 children who visited a pediatric psychiatric hospital (aged 6-12 years)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910526/genetic-rodent-models-of-brain-disorders-perspectives-on-experimental-approaches-and-therapeutic-strategies
#19
Christopher M McGraw, Christopher S Ward, Rodney C Samaco
Neurobehavioral disorders comprised of neurodegenerative, neurodevelopmental, and psychiatric disorders together represent leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Despite significant academic research and industry efforts to elucidate the disease mechanisms operative in these disorders and to develop mechanism-based therapies, our understanding remains incomplete and our access to tractable therapeutic interventions severely limited. The magnitude of these short-comings can be measured by the growing list of disappointing clinical trials based on initially promising compounds identified in genetic animal models...
September 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895491/preliminary-validation-of-the-whodas-2-0-for-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Deborah Snell, Grant L Iverson, William Panenka, Noah D Silverberg
The purpose of this study is to examine the reliability, factor structure, and validity of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0 12-item version) in a sample of patients who were slow to recover from a mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). Participants were 79 adults with MTBI recruited from one of four specialty outpatient clinics in Vancouver, Canada. The WHODAS 2.0 12-item version is a disease-non-specific measure of disability representing six International Classification of Disability, Functioning, and Health activity and participation domains including cognition, mobility, self-care, interpersonal functioning, life activities, and participation...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
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