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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796557/revisiting-the-concept-of-severe-mental-illness-severity-indicators-and-healthcare-spending-in-psychotic-depressive-and-dissociative-disorders
#1
Ana Isabel Gonzalez Vazquez, Natalia Seijo Ameneiros, Juan Carlos Díaz Del Valle, Ester Lopez Fernandez, Miguel Angel Santed Germán
BACKGROUND: The concept of severe mental illness (SMI) has been related to bipolar or psychotic diagnosis, or to some cases of depressive disorders. Other mental health problems such as personality disorders or posttraumatic dissociative conditions, which can sometimes lead to relevant functional impairments, remain separate from the SMI construct. AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical severity as well as healthcare spending on dissociative disorders (DDs)...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792579/-a-new-challenge-of-working-together-psychiatry-and-heraing-voices
#2
Christian Laval
Recovery model, as the hearing voices movement, promotes the users discourse among the health workers. This interference of users in the expertise considering the meaning of their voices is faced with the vision of advocating health workers, particularly the psychiatrists supporting the psychiatric users movement. On the field, this association seems challenging. On the experimental site in Marseille, professionals through various tensions and practical difficulties tend to reconsider their power / knowledge...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780566/effect-of-reduced-use-of-organic-solvents-on-disability-pension-in-painters
#3
Bengt Järvholm, Alex Burdorf
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the decreased use of paints based on organic solvents has caused a decreased risk for neuropsychiatric disorders in painters by studying their incidence in disability pensions. METHODS: The incidence of disability pension in Swedish painters who had participated in health examinations between 1971 and 1993 was studied through linkage with Swedish registers of disability pension over 1971-2010 and compared with the incidence in other construction workers as woodworkers, concrete workers and platers...
August 5, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771017/fire-evaluation-of-a-fidelity-measure-to-promote-implementation-of-evidence-based-rehabilitation
#4
Sarita A Sanches, Wilma E Swildens, Jooske T van Busschbach, Marianne D Farkas, Jaap van Weeghel, Tom van Wel
OBJECTIVE: This article describes a measure developed to assess fidelity of working with the Boston University approach to Psychiatric Rehabilitation (BPR) in Dutch mental health care. The instrument is intended to measure and improve BPR adherence and clinician competence on an individual level and within individual rehabilitation processes. METHOD: Rotating pairs of 4 BPR specialists used Fidelity of Rehabilitation (FiRe) to evaluate the fidelity of BPR as applied in 114 rehabilitation processes...
August 3, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769018/fluorescence-imaging-of-synapse-dynamics-in-normal-circuit-maturation-and-in-developmental-disorders
#5
Shigeo Okabe
One of the most fundamental questions in neurobiology is how proper synaptic connections are established in the developing brain. Live-cell imaging of the synaptic structure and functional molecules can reveal the time course of synapse formation, molecular dynamics, and functional maturation. Using postsynaptic scaffolding proteins as a marker of synapse development, fluorescence time-lapse imaging revealed rapid formation of individual synapses that occurred within hours and their remodeling in culture preparations...
2017: Proceedings of the Japan Academy. Series B, Physical and Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767333/leaving-distress-behind-a-randomized-controlled-study-on-change-in-emotional-processing-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
Laurent Berthoud, Antonio Pascual-Leone, Franz Caspar, Hervé Tissot, Sabine Keller, Kristina B Rohde, Yves de Roten, Jean-Nicolas Despland, Ueli Kramer
OBJECTIVE: The marked impulsivity and instability of clients suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) greatly challenge therapists' understanding and responsiveness. This may hinder the development of a constructive therapeutic relationship despite it being of particular importance in their treatment. Recent studies have shown that using motive-oriented therapeutic relationship (MOTR), a possible operationalization of appropriate therapist responsiveness, can enhance treatment outcome for BPD...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764994/alexithymia-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#7
REVIEW
Moussa A Chalah, Samar S Ayache
BACKGROUND: Alexithymia is a multidimensional personality construct characterized by difficulties identifying and describing one's feelings, and externally oriented thinking. Although extensively reported in psychiatric patients, little attention has been paid regarding its occurrence and its pathophysiology in the context of multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: A research was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines aiming to identify original research articles in English and French languages about alexithymia in MS...
July 29, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748594/spanish-validation-of-the-pas-add-checklist-questionnaire-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-for-spanish-population
#8
A Martorell, M C González, P Gutiérrez, F Rincón, M H Núñez-Polo
BACKGROUND: The Psychiatric Assessment Schedule for Adult with Developmental Disability (PAS-ADD) is an international reference tool for the diagnosis and assessment of mental health problems and behavioural disorders among people with intellectual disabilities. Although the original PAS-ADD instrument has been validated in the Spanish language, the shorter PAS-ADD Checklist has yet not been validated. The aim of this study is to validate the PAS-ADD Checklist for the Spanish population...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746387/psychometric-properties-of-the-dresden-body-image-questionnaire-a-multiple-group-confirmatory-factor-analysis-across-sex-and-age-in-a-dutch-non-clinical-sample
#9
Mia Scheffers, Marijtje A J van Duijn, Ruud J Bosscher, Durk Wiersma, Robert A Schoevers, Jooske T van Busschbach
BACKGROUND: Body image has implications for psychosocial functioning and quality of life and its disturbance is reported in a broad range of psychiatric disorders. In view of the lack of instruments in Dutch measuring body image as a broad concept, we set out to make an instrument available that reflects the multidimensional character of this construct by including more dimensions than physical appearance. The Dresden Körperbildfragebogen (DBIQ, Dresden Body Image Questionnaire) particularly served this purpose...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745943/integrating-caring-into-patient-centered-care-through-interprofessional-education-and-ethics-the-caring-project
#10
Jane S Mahoney, Cynthia Mulder, Susan Hardesty, Alok Madan
In an era of health care that is driven by biological and technical advances, there is a need to safeguard the caring component of care, the humanistic part of care. With this in mind, the authors constructed a Patient-Centered Caring model consisting of three overlapping constructs: delivering customer service, understanding the illness experience, and providing trauma-informed care. These practices operate within an interprofessional competency context. The authors describe an interprofessional educational project focused on understanding the illness experience and providing trauma-informed care to faculty, staff, and administrators in an inpatient psychiatric setting...
July 26, 2017: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743212/caregiver-burden-in-parkinson-disease-a-critical-review-of-recent-literature
#11
Philip E Mosley, Rebecca Moodie, Nadeeka Dissanayaka
Burden is a negative psychological state induced in caregivers by the demands of providing care to a person with an illness or a disability. Managing caregiver burden in Parkinson disease (PD) is significant because informal caregivers make a substantial contribution to the well-being of persons with PD, incurring financial, social, and personal losses. Failure to recognize and manage caregiver burden may lead to burnout and premature institutionalization of the person with PD. We conducted a comprehensive literature review to identify and summarize factors that may amplify burden, including motor and nonmotor symptoms of PD, caregiver psychiatric symptoms, and caregiver coping style...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738098/somatization-disorder-and-somatoform-symptoms-in-systematically-studied-survivors-of-10-disasters
#12
Gus Zhang, Carol S North
BACKGROUND: There is little agreement about the association of somatization with exposure to disaster trauma in the existing literature. METHODS: Pre-disaster and post-disaster psychiatric disorders, somatization disorder, and individual somatoform (medically unexplained) symptoms were assessed with structured diagnostic interviews in 811 directly exposed survivors of 10 disasters. RESULTS: Only 1 individual met criteria for post-disaster somatization disorder; there were no incident cases...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728799/-mental-health-determines-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-cancer-related-neuropathic-pain-in-quito-ecuador
#13
Fernando Gordillo Altamirano, María José Fierro Torres, Nelson Cevallos Salas, María Cristina Cervantes Vélez
OBJECTIVE: To identify the main factors determining the health related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with cancer-related neuropathic pain in a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional analytical study was performed on a sample of 237 patients meeting criteria for cancer-related neuropathic pain. Clinical and demographic variables were recorded including, cancer type, stage, time since diagnosis, pain intensity, physical functionality with the Palliative Performance Scale (PPS), and anxiety and depression with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
July 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719030/polygenic-risk-for-schizophrenia-and-neurocognitive-performance-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#14
Shi-Heng Wang, Po-Chang Hsiao, Ling-Ling Yeh, Chih-Min Liu, Chen-Chung Liu, Tzung-Jeng Hwang, Ming H Hsieh, Yi-Ling Chien, Yi-Ting Lin, Sharon D Chandler, Stephen V Faraone, Nan Laird, Benjamin Neale, Steve A McCarroll, Stephen J Glatt, Ming T Tsuang, Hai-Gwo Hwu, Wei J Chen
Both neurocognitive deficits and schizophrenia are highly heritable. Genetic overlap between neurocognitive deficits and schizophrenia has been observed in both the general population and in clinical samples. This study aimed to examine if the polygenic architecture of susceptibility to schizophrenia modified neurocognitive performance in schizophrenia patients. Schizophrenia polygenic risk scores (PRS) were first derived from the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium (PGC) on schizophrenia, and then the scores were calculated in our independent sample of 1130 schizophrenia trios, who had PsychChip data and were part of the Schizophrenia Families from Taiwan project...
July 18, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713866/implications-of-the-hierarchical-structure-of-psychopathology-for-psychiatric-neuroimaging
#15
David H Zald, Benjamin B Lahey
Research into the neurobiological substrates of psychopathology has been impeded by heterogeneity within diagnostic categories, comorbidity among mental disorders, and the presence of symptoms that transcend diagnostic categories. Solutions to these issues increasingly focus neurobiological research on isolated or narrow groupings of symptoms or functional constructs rather than categorical diagnoses. Here we argue for a more integrative approach that also incorporates the broad hierarchical structure of psychopathological symptoms and their etiological mechanisms...
May 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713686/development-of-an-instrument-to-measure-patients-attitudes-towards-involuntary-hospitalization
#16
Adel Gabriel
AIM: To construct and assess the psychometric properties of an instrument to measure patients' attitudes towards involuntary hospitalization. METHODS: This is a two phase study. In the first phase, based on comprehensive literature review, a twenty one item scale to measure patients' attitudes to involuntary admission was constructed. Forensic and inpatient Psychiatrists, patients' advocates and legal experts (n = 15) were invited to participate in the validation process of the written instrument, by formally rating each item of the instrument for its relevancy in measuring patients' attitudes to involuntary admission...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711797/symptom-severity-and-disability-in-psychiatric-disorders-the-u-s-collaborative-psychiatric-epidemiology-survey
#17
R García-Velázquez, M Jokela, T H Rosenström
BACKGROUND: While most psychiatric diagnoses are based on simple counts of symptoms, some symptoms may be sign of a more severe mental syndrome than others. This calls for validated estimates of the relative severity specific symptoms imply within a disorder. We focused on four diagnostic disorders: Manic Episode (ME), Major Depressive Episode (MDE), Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). Symptom-specific severity parameters were estimated, and validated by examining their association with levels of self-reported disability in daily activities over and above the number of symptoms...
November 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707157/parcellation-of-macaque-cortex-with-anatomical-connectivity-profiles
#18
Jiaojian Wang, Zhentao Zuo, Sangma Xie, Yifan Miao, Yuanye Ma, Xudong Zhao, Tianzi Jiang
The macaque model has been widely used to investigate the brain mechanisms of specific cognitive functions and psychiatric disorders. However, a detailed functional architecture map of the macaque cortex in vivo is still lacking. Here, we aimed to construct a new macaque cortex atlas based on its anatomical connectivity profiles using in vivo diffusion MRI. First, we defined the macaque cortical seed areas using the NeuroMaps atlas. Then, we applied the anatomical connectivity patterns-based parcellation approach to parcellate the macaque cortex into 80 subareas in each hemisphere, which were approximately symmetric between the two hemispheres...
July 13, 2017: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698887/the-psychometric-parameters-of-the-farsi-form-of-the-arabic-scale-of-death-anxiety
#19
Mahboubeh Dadfar, Ahmed M Abdel-Khalek, David Lester, Mohammad Kazem Atef Vahid
The aim of this study was to describe the psychometric properties of the Farsi Form of the Arabic Scale of Death Anxiety (ASDA). The original scale was first translated into Farsi by language experts using the back translation procedure and then administered to a total of 252 Iranian college students and 52 psychiatric outpatients from psychiatric and psychological clinics. The one-week test-retest reliability of the Farsi version in a sample of college students was 0.78, indicating good temporal stability and corroborating the trait-like nature of scores...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697422/the-relationship-between-trauma-centrality-self-efficacy-posttraumatic-stress-and-psychiatric-co-morbidity-among-syrian-refugees-is-gender-a-moderator
#20
Man Cheung Chung, Nowf AlQarni, Shamsa Al Muhairi, Britt Mitchell
This study examined the inter-relationship between trauma centrality, self-efficacy, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and psychiatric co-morbidity among a group of Syrian refugees living in Turkey, and whether gender would moderate the mediational effect of self-efficacy on the impact of trauma centrality on distress. Seven hundred and ninety-two Syrian refugees completed the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, General Health Questionnaire-28, Centrality of Event Scale and Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale. The results showed that 52% met the cutoff for PTSD...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
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