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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469666/the-dsm-5-trait-measure-in-a-psychiatric-sample-of-late-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-structure-reliability-and-validity
#1
Elien De Caluwé, Lize Verbeke, Marcel van Aken, Paul T van der Heijden, Barbara De Clercq
The inclusion of a dimensional trait model of personality pathology in DSM-5 creates new opportunities for research on developmental antecedents of personality pathology. The traits of this model can be measured with the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5), initially developed for adults, but also demonstrating validity in adolescents. The present study adds to the growing body of literature on the psychometrics of the PID-5, by examining its structure, validity, and reliability in 187 psychiatric-referred late adolescents and emerging adults...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468571/leadership-perspectives-on-integrating-psychologists-into-specialty-care-clinics-an-evolving-paradigm
#2
Marwan Abouljoud, Michael Ryan, Anne Eshelman, Kelly Bryce, Michelle T Jesse
Integration of health psychologists into specialty care is a shift in the tertiary care construct that addresses all aspects of a patient's presentation, including psychiatric/social history, psychological well-being, and behavioral contributions to the disease process, assuring both optimal health outcomes and cost-effectiveness in a financially challenging healthcare environment. In this paper, we discuss leadership perspectives (physician and psychologists) on the factors involved in integrating a health psychologist into a busy tertiary care environment...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466377/understanding-the-psychiatric-effects-of-concussion-on-constructed-identity-in-hockey-players-implications-for-health-professionals
#3
Ryan Todd, Shree Bhalerao, Michael T Vu, Sophie Soklaridis, Michael D Cusimano
OBJECTIVE: The following study was undertaken to investigate the effect of concussion and psychiatric illness on athletes and their caregivers. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 20 ice hockey stakeholders (17 men and 3 women) including minor and professional players, coaches, parents, and physicians were conducted over two years (2012-2014). These interviews were analyzed using grounded theory. RESULTS: From this analysis, a common biographical theme emerged whereby the subject's identity as a hockey player, constructed early in life over many years, was disrupted by concussion...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459194/the-value-of-psychosocial-group-activity-in-nursing-education-a-qualitative-analysis
#4
Yun-Jung Choi
BACKGROUND: Nursing faculty often struggle to find effective teaching strategies for nursing students that integrate group work into nursing students' learning activities. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate students' experiences in a psychiatric and mental health nursing course using psychosocial group activities to develop therapeutic communication and interpersonal relationship skills, as well as to introduce psychosocial nursing interventions. METHODS: A qualitative research design was used...
February 12, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452780/gender-differences-in-the-association-of-cognitive-impairment-with-the-risk-of-hip-fracture-in-the-older-population
#5
Elena Lobo, Guillermo Marcos, Javier Santabárbara, Luis Lobo-Escolar, Helena Salvador-Rosés, Concepción De la Cámara, Raul Lopez-Anton, Patricia Gracia-García, Antonio Lobo-Escolar
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that differences by gender will be observed in the association of hip fracture risk with stages of cognitive impairment; and to explore the association between Petersen's "mild cognitive impairment" (MCI) and DSM-5 "mild neurocognitive disorder" (MND). STUDY DESIGN: A community sample of 4803 individuals aged 55+ years was assessed in a two-phase case-finding enquiry in Zaragoza, Spain, and was followed up for 16 years...
March 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428123/innovations-reviews-and-proposals-on-the-dsm-5-the-case-of-sexual-dysfunctions-gender-dysphoria-and-paraphilic-disorders
#6
Adalberto Campo-Arias, Edwin Herazo
Human behaviours have different meanings according to the historical moment and context. In this article sexual behaviours are taken as a category in order to analyse how psychiatric nosology is structured, as manifested in texts such as the DSM-5. The development of these diagnostic manuals are tools that are far from being free of subjectivities and interference of elements of power, expressed in the way health, illness, mental health, and mental disorders, are assumed; in short, the normal and pathological...
January 2018: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419640/a-mixed-program-of-psychoeducational-and-psychological-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-in-a-day-hospital-setting
#7
Giovanni Camardese, Massimo Vasale, Lucio DʼAlessandris, Marianna Mazza, Riccardo Serrani, Federico Travagliati, Coco Walstra, Leonardo Zaninotto, Beniamino Leone, Marco Di Nicola, Raffaella Franza, Giuseppe Marano, Lucio Rinaldi, Luigi Janiri
The present study describes a new mixed program of psychoeducational and psychological interventions for bipolar patients, applicable during everyday practice. Thirty-two bipolar patients recruited at a psychiatric day-hospital service have been admitted to a program consisting of 30 meetings and 2 follow-ups at 6 and 12 months. The psychoeducational support determined a general improvement of all included patients. At baseline, patients with residual depression had higher Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) scores than euthymic patients (mean score ± SD: 21...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417236/working-across-species-down-on-the-farm-howard-s-liddell-and-the-development-of-comparative-psychopathology-c-1923-1962
#8
Robert G W Kirk, Edmund Ramsden
Seeking a scientific basis for understanding and treating mental illness, and inspired by the work of Ivan Pavlov, American physiologists, psychiatrists and psychologists in the 1920s turned to nonhuman animals. This paper examines how new constructs such as "experimental neurosis" emerged as tools to enable psychiatric comparison across species. From 1923 to 1962, the Cornell "Behavior Farm" was a leading interdisciplinary research center pioneering novel techniques to experimentally study nonhuman psychopathology...
February 7, 2018: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417149/association-of-dsm-5-betel-quid-use-disorder-with-oral-potentially-malignant-disorder-in-6-betel-quid-endemic-asian-populations
#9
Chien-Hung Lee, Albert Min-Shan Ko, Frances M Yang, Chung-Chieh Hung, Saman Warnakulasuriya, Salah Osman Ibrahim, Rosnah Binti Zain, Ying-Chin Ko
Importance: Betel-quid (BQ) is the fourth most popular psychoactive agent worldwide. An emerging trend across Asia is the addictive consumption of BQ, which is associated with oral cancer and other health consequences. Objective: To investigate the validity and pattern of DSM-5-defined BQ use disorder (BUD) and its association with oral potentially malignant disorder (OPMD) among Asian populations. Design, Setting, and Participants: In-person interviews were conducted from January 1, 2009, to February 28, 2010, among a random sample of 8922 noninstitutionalized adults from the Asian Betel-quid Consortium study, an Asian representative survey of 6 BQ-endemic populations...
February 7, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410608/toward-a-neuroscience-of-adult-cognitive-developmental-theory
#10
Fady Girgis, Darrin J Lee, Amir Goodarzi, Jochen Ditterich
Piaget's genetic epistemology has provided the constructivist approach upon which child developmental theories were founded, in that infants are thought to progress through distinct cognitive stages until they reach maturity in their early 20's. However, it is now well established that cognition continues to develop after early adulthood, and several "neo-Piagetian" theories have emerged in an attempt to better characterize adult cognitive development. For example, Kegan's Constructive Developmental Theory (CDT) argues that the thought processes used by adults to construct their reality change over time, and reaching higher stages of cognitive development entails becoming objectively aware of emotions and beliefs that were previously in the realm of the subconscious...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407288/gwas-based-machine-learning-approach-to-predict-duloxetine-response-in-major-depressive-disorder
#11
Malgorzata Maciukiewicz, Victoria S Marshe, Anne-Christin Hauschild, Jane A Foster, Susan Rotzinger, James L Kennedy, Sidney H Kennedy, Daniel J Müller, Joseph Geraci
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders and is commonly treated with antidepressant drugs. However, large variability is observed in terms of response to antidepressants. Machine learning (ML) models may be useful to predict treatment outcomes. A sample of 186 MDD patients received treatment with duloxetine for up to 8 weeks were categorized as "responders" based on a MADRS change >50% from baseline; or "remitters" based on a MADRS score ≤10 at end point...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402114/crime-and-madness-at-the-opposite-shores-of-the-adriatic-moral-insanity-in-italian-and-croatian-psychiatric-discourses
#12
Vanni D'Alessio, Filip Čeč, Heike Karge
In the 19th century, fervid debates arose in the young psychiatric science about how to deal with and to scientifically categorize human behaviour which was perceived as dangerous to society, and as criminal. There were two concepts that stood out in these transnationally held discussions; namely moral insanity and later on, psychopathy. Following recent approaches in the cultural and social history of psychiatry, we understand moral insanity and psychopathy as social constructs, which are determined by the evolution in psychiatric knowledge, and also by laws, codes and social norms of particular historical timeframes...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398184/masculinity-emotion-regulation-and-psychopathology-a-critical-review-and-integrated-model
#13
REVIEW
Danielle S Berke, Dennis Reidy, Amos Zeichner
Relative to girls and women, boys and men experience disproportionate rates of "externalizing" problems (e.g., aggressive behavior, substance use disorders, and antisocial personality disorder). Unfortunately, relatively little is understood about how gender operates in the etiology, expression, and maintenance of men's psychopathology. We argue that this gap in knowledge reflects the challenge of accounting for the dynamic nature of masculinity (i.e., the fact that the influence of masculinity on men's lives varies across context, time, and individuals)...
January 31, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397571/the-suicidal-narrative-and-its-relationship-to-the-suicide-crisis-syndrome-and-recent-suicidal-behavior
#14
Lisa Janet Cohen, Bernard Gorman, Jessica Briggs, Min Eun Jeon, Tal Ginsburg, Igor Galynker
In this study, we introduce the construct of the suicidal narrative, a hypothetical personal narrative linked to imminent suicide, and explore its relationship to near-term suicidal risk and the suicide crisis syndrome (SCS). Psychiatric outpatients (N = 289) were administered the Columbia Suicide-Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS), Suicide Crisis Inventory (SCI), and Suicide Narrative Inventory (SNI), a novel instrument combining the documented risk factors of Thwarted Belongingness, Perceived Burdensomeness, Humiliation, Social Defeat, Goal Disengagement, and Goal Reengagement...
February 4, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383616/assessment-of-snaith-hamilton-pleasure-scale-shaps-the-dimension-of-anhedonia-in-italian-healthy-sample
#15
Iolanda Martino, Gabriella Santangelo, Daniela Moschella, Luana Marino, Rocco Servidio, Antonio Augimeri, Angela Costabile, Giovanni Capoderose, Antonio Cerasa
The Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS) is a rapid screening battery created for assessing the presence of anhedonia, namely the inability to experience pleasure. Although, this symptom has widely been investigated in clinical settings, individual differences in anhedonia are also present in healthy population. The aim of present study was to validate the translated Italian version of this test. One thousand six hundred ninety-seven consecutive healthy subjects (55% female) of different ages (age 18-82 years) underwent SHAPS...
January 30, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382376/psychometric-properties-of-the-alcohol-use-disorders-identification-test-audit-and-prevalence-of-alcohol-use-among-iranian-psychiatric-outpatients
#16
Simasadat Noorbakhsh, Jamal Shams, Mohamadmahdi Faghihimohamadi, Hanieh Zahiroddin, Mats Hallgren, Hakan Kallmen
BACKGROUND: Iran is a developing and Islamic country where the consumption of alcoholic beverages is banned. However, psychiatric disorders and alcohol use disorders are often co-occurring. We used the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) to estimate the prevalence of alcohol use and examined the psychometric properties of the test among psychiatric outpatients in Teheran, Iran. METHODS: AUDIT was completed by 846 consecutive (sequential) patients. Descriptive statistics, internal consistency (Cronbach alpha), confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses were used to analyze the prevalence of alcohol use, reliability and construct validity...
January 30, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370770/defeat-and-entrapment-more-than-meets-the-eye-applying-network-analysis-to-estimate-dimensions-of-highly-correlated-constructs
#17
Thomas Forkmann, Tobias Teismann, Jana-Sophie Stenzel, Heide Glaesmer, Derek de Beurs
BACKGROUND: Defeat and entrapment have been shown to be of central relevance to the development of different disorders. However, it remains unclear whether they represent two distinct constructs or one overall latent variable. One reason for the unclarity is that traditional factor analytic techniques have trouble estimating the right number of clusters in highly correlated data. In this study, we applied a novel approach based on network analysis that can deal with correlated data to establish whether defeat and entrapment are best thought of as one or multiple constructs...
January 25, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369039/genetic-and-environmental-contributions-of-negative-valence-systems-to-internalizing-pathways
#18
Jennifer L Cecilione, Lance M Rappaport, Shannon E Hahn, Audrey E Anderson, Laura E Hazlett, Jason R Burchett, Ashlee A Moore, Jeanne E Savage, John M Hettema, Roxann Roberson-Nay
The genetic and environmental contributions of negative valence systems (NVS) to internalizing pathways study (also referred to as the Adolescent and Young Adult Twin Study) was designed to examine varying constructs of the NVS as they relate to the development of internalizing disorders from a genetically informed perspective. The goal of this study was to evaluate genetic and environmental contributions to potential psychiatric endophenotypes that contribute to internalizing psychopathology by studying adolescent and young adult twins longitudinally over a 2-year period...
February 2018: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366393/impact-of-changes-in-welfare-legislation-on-the-incidence-of-disability-pension-a-cohort-study-of-construction-workers
#19
Mia Söderberg, Ruth Mannelqvist, Bengt Järvholm, Linus Schiöler, Mikael Stattin
AIMS: Study objectives were to investigate how changes in social insurance legislation influenced the incidence of disability pension. METHODS: The study included 295,636 male construction workers who attended health examinations between 1971 and 1993, aged 20-60 years and without previous disability pension. Via the Swedish National Insurance Agency national register we identified 66,046 subjects who were granted disability pension up until 2010. The incidence rates were calculated and stratified according to age and diagnosis...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348728/systems-level-mechanisms-of-action-of-panax-ginseng-a-network-pharmacological-approach
#20
REVIEW
Sa-Yoon Park, Ji-Hun Park, Hyo-Su Kim, Choong-Yeol Lee, Hae-Jeung Lee, Ki Sung Kang, Chang-Eop Kim
Panax ginseng has been used since ancient times based on the traditional Asian medicine theory and clinical experiences, and currently, is one of the most popular herbs in the world. To date, most of the studies concerning P. ginseng have focused on specific mechanisms of action of individual constituents. However, in spite of many studies on the molecular mechanisms of P. ginseng, it still remains unclear how multiple active ingredients of P. ginseng interact with multiple targets simultaneously, giving the multidimensional effects on various conditions and diseases...
January 2018: Journal of Ginseng Research
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