Read by QxMD icon Read

Beta cell regeneration

Xin Wang, Thor E Friis, Paul P Masci, Ross W Crawford, Wenbo Liao, Yin Xiao
The quality of hematomas are crucial for successful early bone defect healing, as the structure of fibrin clots can significantly influence the infiltration of cells, necessary for bone regeneration, from adjacent tissues into the fibrin network. This study investigated if there were structural differences between hematomas from normal and delayed healing bone defects and whether such differences were linked to changes in the expression of IL-1β. Using a bone defect model in rats, we found that the hematomas in the delayed healing model had thinner fibers and denser clot structures...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Mehmet Erol Can, Hasan Basri Çakmak, Gamze Dereli Can, Hatice Ünverdi, Yasin Toklu, Sema Hücemenoğlu
Purpose. To investigate the effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membrane on wound healing. Methods. Twenty-four right eyes of 24 New Zealand rabbits equally divided into 2 groups for the study design. After the creation of 5 × 5 mm conjunctival damage, it was secured with PRF membrane, which was generated from the rabbit's whole blood samples in PRF membrane group, whereas damage was left unsutured in the control group. Three animals were sacrificed in each group on the 1st, 3rd, 7th, and 28th postoperative days...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Marcela Martin-Del-Campo, Raul Rosales-Ibañez, Keila Alvarado, Jose G Sampedro, Christian A Garcia-Sepulveda, Sanjukta Deb, Julio San Román, Luis Rojo
Strontium folate (SrFO) is a recently developed bone promoting agent with interest in medical and pharmaceutical fields due to its improved features in comparison to current strontium based therapies for osteoporosis and other bone diseases. In this work SrFO derivative was synthesized and loaded into biohybrid scaffolds obtained through lyophilisation of semi-interpenetrating networks of chitosan polyethylene glycol dimethacrylate and beta tri-calcium phosphate (βTCP) fabricated using free radical polymerization...
October 18, 2016: Biomaterials Science
Po-Shuen Lin, Hsiao-Hua Chang, Chien-Yang Yeh, Mei-Chi Chang, Chiu-Po Chan, Han-Yueh Kuo, Hsin-Cheng Liu, Wan-Chuen Liao, Po-Yuan Jeng, Sin-Yuet Yeung, Jiiang-Huei Jeng
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: In order to clarify the role of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) in pulp repair/regeneration responses, we investigated the differential signaling pathways responsible for the effects of TGF-β1 on collagen turnover, matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3), and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) production in human dental pulp cells. METHODS: Pulp cells were exposed to TGF-β1 with/without pretreatment and coincubation by 1,4-diamino-2,3-dicyano-1,4-bis(o-aminophenyl mercapto)butadiene (U0126; a mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase [MEK]/extracellular signal-regulated kinase [ERK] inhibitor) and 4-(5-benzol[1,3]dioxol-5-yl-4-pyrldin-2-yl-1H- imidazol-2-yl)-benzamide hydrate (SB431542; an activin receptor-like kinase-5/Smad signaling inhibitor)...
October 6, 2016: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
Kosaku Sawada, Richard J Miron, Dominic Leiser, Jordi Caballé-Serrano, Dieter D Bosshardt, Benoit Schaller, Daniel Buser, Reinhard Gruber
Extracorporeal irradiation sterilizes resected tumor bone used as autografts in reconstruction surgery. Therapeutic irradiation is a standard technique in head and neck cancer therapy that aims to preserve organ function. Bone irradiation has a complex, mostly inhibitory, effect on remodeling and regeneration, although the underlying mechanisms are still not fully understood. It remains unclear if extracorporeal irradiation affects the paracrine-like activity of the corresponding autografts. We recently reported that bone-conditioned medium from autogenous bone chips contains a number of factors that might affect cell activity...
2016: Journal of Oral Science
Marina Maria Bellet, Selma Masri, Giuseppe Astarita, Paolo Sassone-Corsi, Maria Agnese Della Fazia, Giuseppe Servillo
Liver regeneration offers a distinctive opportunity to study cell proliferation in vivo. Mammalian Silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1), a NAD(+)-dependent histone deacetylase, is an important regulator of various cellular processes, including proliferation, metabolism and circadian rhythms. In the liver, SIRT1 coordinates the circadian oscillation of clock-controlled genes, including genes that encode enzymes involved in metabolic pathways. We performed partial hepatectomy in WT and liver-specific Sirt1 deficient mice and analysed the expression of cell cycle regulators in liver samples taken at different times during the regenerative process, by real time PCR, western blotting and immunohistochemistry...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Lorenzo Alibardi
Feathers are corneous microramifications of variable complexity derived from the morphogenesis of barb ridges. Histological and ultrastructural analyses on developing and regenerating feathers clarify the three-dimensional organization of cells in barb ridges. Feather cells derive from folds of the embryonic epithelium of feather germs from which barb/barbule cells and supportive cells organize in a branching structure. The following degeneration of supportive cells allows the separation of barbule cells which are made of corneous beta-proteins and of lower amounts of intermediate filament (IF)(alpha) keratins, histidine-rich proteins, and corneous proteins of the epidermal differentiation complex...
September 10, 2016: Protoplasma
Arash Khojasteh, Farahnaz Fahimipour, Mohamadreza Baghaban Eslaminejad, Mohammad Jafarian, Shahrbanoo Jahangir, Farshid Bastami, Mohammadreza Tahriri, Akbar Karkhaneh, Lobat Tayebi
Bone tissue engineering is sought to apply strategies for bone defects healing without limitations and short-comings of using either bone autografts or allografts and xenografts. The aim of this study was to fabricate a thin layer poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) coated beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) scaffold with sustained release of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). PLGA coating increased compressive strength of the β-TCP scaffolds significantly. For in vitro evaluations, canine mesenchymal stem cells (cMSCs) and canine endothelial progenitor cells (cEPCs) were isolated and characterized...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Shumaila Usman, Irfan Khan, Nadia Naeem, Hana'a Iqbal, Anwar Ali, Sehrish Usman, Asmat Salim
AIM: The study was carried out to evaluate the role of preconditioning strategies on the trans-differentiation of mature fibroblasts (NIH3T3 cells) into insulin producing β-cells. METHODS: The NIH3T3 cells were treated with dexamethasone (5μM) and pancreatic extract (0.05 and 0.4mg/mL) separately or in combination. The treated cells were analyzed for the morphological changes, and expression of pancreatic genes and proteins by phase contrast microscopy, RT-PCR and flow cytometry/immunocytochemistry, respectively...
September 1, 2016: Life Sciences
Yee-Shuan Lee, Siliang Wu, Treena Livingston Arinzeh, Mary Bartlett Bunge
Schwann cell (SC) transplantation has been utilized for spinal cord repair and demonstrated to be a promising therapeutic strategy. In this study, we investigated the feasibility of combining SC transplantation with novel conduits to bridge the completely transected adult rat spinal cord. This is the first and initial study to evaluate the potential of using a fibrous piezoelectric polyvinylidene fluoride trifluoroethylene (PVDF-TrFE) conduit with SCs for spinal cord repair. PVDF-TrFE has been shown to enhance neurite growth in vitro and peripheral nerve repair in vivo...
August 29, 2016: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Bengi Demirayak, Nurşen Yüksel, Onur Sinan Çelik, Cansu Subaşı, Gökhan Duruksu, Z Seda Unal, Demir Kürşat Yıldız, Erdal Karaöz
In the present study, we investigate and compare the efficacy of bone marrow- and adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cell (MSCs) in corneal wound healing. A penetrating injury was created in the right corneas of Wistar rats (n = 40). Ten microliters of phosphate-buffered solution (PBS) containing 2 × 10(5) green fluorescent protein (GFP) labeled bone-marrow-derived MSCs to group 1 (n = 15), 10 μl of PBS containing 2 × 10(5) GFP-labeled adipose-tissue-derived MSCs to group 2 (n = 15), 10 μl PBS was injected into anterior chamber in group 3 (n = 10, control)...
October 2016: Experimental Eye Research
Mona A M Helal, Noura E M Shaheen, Fatma A Abu Zahra
CONTEXT: Cell therapy technique with stem cells is a very attractive strategy for the treatment of muscle disorders. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the mechanism of local transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) which could contribute to skeletal muscle healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female rats were divided into three equal groups as the following: group 1, the negative control group (untreated group), group 2, sham-treated group, rats with muscle injuries involving volumetric muscle loss (VML) of adductor brevis muscle and injected locally with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) 0...
August 25, 2016: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
Katarína Ondáčová, Dana Jurkovičová, Ľubica Lacinová
Acute injury of central nervous system (CNS) starts a cascade of morphological, molecular, and functional changes including formation of a fibrotic scar, expression of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1), and expression of extracellular matrix proteins leading to arrested neurite outgrowth and failed regeneration. We assessed alteration of electrophysiological properties of cerebellar granule cells (CGCs) in two in vitro models of neuronal injury: (i) model of fibrotic scar created from coculture of meningeal fibroblasts and cerebral astrocytes with addition of TGF-β1; (ii) a simplified model based on administration of TGF-β1 to CGCs culture...
August 12, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
Thangavelu Muthukumar, Adithan Aravinthan, Judith Sharmila, Nam Soo Kim, Jong-Hoon Kim
In this study, suitable scaffold materials for bone tissue engineering were successfully prepared using fish scale collagen, hydroxyapatite, chitosan, and beta-tricalcium phosphate. Porous composite scaffolds were prepared by freeze drying method. The Korean traditional medicinal ginseng compound K, a therapeutic agent for the treatment of osteoporosis that reduces inflammation and enhances production of bone morphogenetic protein-2, was incorporated into the composite scaffold. The scaffold was characterized for pore size, swelling, density, degradation, mineralization, cell viability and attachment, and its morphological features were examined using scanning electron microscopy...
November 5, 2016: Carbohydrate Polymers
Alain Hoornaert, Cyril d'Arros, Marie-Francoise Heymann, Pierre Layrolle
Membranes for guided bone regeneration (GBR) were prepared from the synthetic biodegradable polymer poly-D,L-lactic/glycolic acid (PLGA). This GBR membrane has a bi-layered structure with a dense film to prevent gingival fibroblast ingrowth and ensure mechanical function, and a micro-fibrous layer to support colonization by osteogenic cells and promote bone regeneration. Hydrolysis and biodegradation were both studied in vitro through soaking in phosphate buffered saline (PBS) and in vivo by implantation in the subcutis of rats for 4, 8, 16, 26, 48 and 52 weeks...
2016: Biomedical Materials
Sophie Heinke, Barbara Ludwig, Undine Schubert, Janine Schmid, Thomas Kiss, Anja Steffen, Stefan Bornstein, Stefan Ludwig
BACKGROUND: Safe and reliable diabetes models are a key prerequisite for advanced preclinical studies on diabetes. Chemical induction is the standard model of diabetes in rodents and also widely used in large animal models of non-human primates and minipigs. However, uncertain efficacy, the potential of beta-cell regeneration, and relevant side effects are debatable aspects particularly in large animals. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate a surgical approach of total pancreatectomy combined with splenectomy for diabetes induction in an exploratory study in Goettingen minipigs...
September 2016: Xenotransplantation
Jacqueline A Pfaff, Birgit Boelck, Wilhelm Bloch, Georg-Hubertus Nentwig
INTRODUCTION: Enhancement of bone regeneration is crucial to dental implantology. Growth factors play a significant role during osteogenesis and angiogenesis. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) enhances bone healing; however, no studies have yet been performed in oral implantology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients who underwent bilateral mandibular wisdom tooth removal were included. ESWT was applied to 1 side of the jaw. Blood samples were collected from the peripheral vein (PB), mandibular bone marrow without and with ESWT (BM-/+SW)...
October 2016: Implant Dentistry
Muhammad Waseem, Irfan Khan, Hana'a Iqbal, Sana Eijaz, Shumaila Usman, Nazia Ahmed, Gulzar Alam, Asmat Salim
Insulin replacement is the current therapeutic option for type-1 diabetes. However, exogenous insulin cannot precisely represent the normal pattern of insulin secretion. Another therapeutic strategy is transplantation of pancreatic islets, but this is limited by immune rejection, intrinsic complications, and lack of donor availability. Stem cell therapy that results in the regeneration of insulin-producing cells represents an attractive choice. However, with advancing age, stem cells also undergo senescence, which leads to changes in the function of various cellular processes that result in a decrease in the regeneration potential of these aging stem cells...
October 2016: Cellular Reprogramming
Wei-Yang Shao, Xiao Liu, Xian-Liang Gu, Xi Ying, Nan Wu, Hai-Wei Xu, Yi Wang
AIM: To explore the effects of αA-crystallin in astrocyte gliosis after optic nerve crush (ONC) and the mechanism of α-crystallin in neuroprotection and axon regeneration. METHODS: ONC was established on the Sprague-Dawley rat model and αA-crystallin (10(-4) g/L, 4 µL) was intravitreously injected into the rat model. Flash-visual evoked potential (F-VEP) was examined 14d after ONC, and the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) levels in the retina and crush site were analyzed 1, 3, 5, 7 and 14d after ONC by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western blot respectively...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Yaoyao Shi, Weiwei Wu, Qian Chai, Qingqing Li, Yu Hou, Huan Xia, Boyang Ren, Hairong Xu, Xiaohuan Guo, Caiwei Jin, Mengjie Lv, Zhongnan Wang, Yang-Xin Fu, Mingzhao Zhu
Continuous thymic homing of haematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) via the blood is critical for normal T-cell development. However, the nature and the differentiation programme of specialized thymic endothelial cells (ECs) controlling this process remain poorly understood. Here using conditional gene-deficient mice, we find that lymphotoxin beta receptor (LTβR) directly controls thymic ECs to guide HPC homing. Interestingly, T-cell deficiency or conditional ablation of T-cell-engaged LTβR signalling results in a defect in thymic HPC homing, suggesting the feedback regulation of thymic progenitor homing by thymic products...
2016: Nature Communications
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"