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packing hepatic

Arin Bhattacharjee, Abhishek Basu, Jaydip Biswas, Tuhinadri Sen, Sudin Bhattacharya
Cyclophosphamide (CP) is one of the widely used anticancer agents; however, it has serious deleterious effects on normal host cells due to its nonspecific action. The essential trace element Selenium (Se) is suggested to have chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic efficacy and currently used in pharmaceutical formulations. Previous report had shown Nano-Se could protect CP-induced hepatotoxicity and genotoxicity in normal Swiss albino mice; however, its role in cancer management is still not clear. The aim of present study is to investigate the chemoprotective efficacy of Nano-Se against CP-induced toxicity as well as its chemoenhancing capability when used along with CP in Swiss albino mice against Ehrlich's ascites carcinoma (EAC) cells...
October 1, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Gaya Spolverato, Fabio Bagante, Matthew Weiss, Jin He, Christopher L Wolfgang, Fabian Johnston, Martin A Makary, Will Yang, Steven M Frank, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Delta hemoglobin (ΔHb) is defined as the difference between the preoperative Hb and the lowest post-operative Hb level. We sought to define the impact of ΔHb relative to nadir Hb levels on the likelihood of transfusion, as well as characterize the impact of ΔHb and nadir Hb on morbidity among a large cohort of patients undergoing complex hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) surgery. METHODS: Patients who underwent pancreatic or hepatic resection between January 1, 2009 and June 30, 2015 at Johns Hopkins Hospital were identified...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Ermias Mergia, Workineh Shibeshi, Getachew Terefe, Tilahun Teklehaymanot
BACKGROUND: African Trypanosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease with a large impact on the livelihood of the rural poor in Sub-Saharan Africa. The available drugs for managing this disease are old, expensive and are facing the problem of drug resistance. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate in vivo antitrypanosomal efficacy of aqueous and absolute methanol leaf extracts of Verbascum sinaiticum Benth. against Trypanosoma congolense field isolate. METHODS: Verbascum sinaiticum (Local name 'qetetina') is a biennial plant, and 60-150 cm tall...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
K Sunil Raviraj, P Miglani, A Garg, P K Agarwal
Mucormycosis, is an emerging fungal infection in immunocompromised and diabetic individuals, usually affects rhino-orbito-cerebral, cutaneous and pulmonary regions. But mucormycosis in immunocompetent environment is rare and occurrence of gastric mucormycosis is unusual. We report a case of 19 year old female, with no pre-existing co-morbidities, presented with fever, dysentery, vomiting, and melena for 4 days. On evaluation she was found to have pancytopenia, acute kidney injury, hemolytic anemia, coagulopathy and hepatic derangement and treated with hemodialysis, plasmapheresis along with antibiotics and packed cell RBC transfusion...
October 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Kalyan Sarma, H Prasad, Gunjan Das, P Behera, S K Behera, J B Rajesh, S K Borthakur
To know the prevalence of theileriosis infection, haemato-biochemical alteration and efficacy of Oxytetracycline in combination with Diaminazene aceturate injection against theileriosis in Lushai hill district of Mizoram; fifty five cross bred cattle were screened during July, 2013 to November, 2013. The prevalence of tropical theileriosis was 9.09 % based on blood smear examination. Clinical features of the disease were manifested by high rise of body temperature 104.8 ± 1.2 °F, lymphadenopathy, inability to walk, anorexia, listlessness, moderate anaemia, nasal discharge, edema of eye and corneal opacity...
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Y Pang, Y Horimoto, S Sutoko, K Montagne, M Shinohara, D Mathiue, K Komori, M Anzai, T Niino, Yasuyuki Sakai
A novel engineering methodology for organizing a large liver tissue equivalent was established by intergrating both 'top down' and 'bottom up' approaches. A three-dimensional (3D) scaffold was engineered comprising 43 culture chambers (volume: 11.63 cm(3)) assembled in a symmetrical pattern on 3 layers, a design which enables further scaling up of the device to a clinically significant size (volume: 500 cm(3)). In addition, an inter-connected flow channel network was designed and proved to homogenously deliver culture medium to each chamber with the same pressure drop...
2016: Biofabrication
Bahram Sayyaf Dezfuli, Carlos E Fernandes, Gizela M Galindo, Giuseppe Castaldelli, Maurizio Manera, Joseph A DePasquale, Massimo Lorenzoni, Sara Bertin, Luisa Giari
BACKGROUND: A survey on endoparasitic helminths from freshwater fishes in the Pantanal Region (Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil) revealed the occurrence of third-larval stage of the nematode Brevimulticaecum sp. (Heterocheilidae) in most organs of Gymnotus inaequilabiatus (Gymnotidae) also known by the local name tuvira. The aim of the present study was to examine Brevimulticaecum sp.-infected tuvira liver at the ultrastructural level and clarify the nature of granulomas and the cellular elements involved in the immune response to nematode larvae...
2016: Parasites & Vectors
Jim McVeigh, Evelyn Hearne, Geoff Bates, Marie Claire Van Hout
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacists are increasingly acknowledged as under-utilized, important and accessible health providers in providing harm reduction support to drug users via needle and syringe programmes (NSP), provision of advice, HIV/Hepatitis testing and as referral mechanism to social, medical and treatment services. We report here on qualitative findings as part of the evaluation of the pilot Pharmacy Needle Exchange (PNEX) programme in Ireland. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to understand and illustrate pharmacist experiences of providing NSP...
August 3, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Jennifer O Kwon, Robert MacLaren
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate fresh-frozen plasma (FFP), four-factor prothrombin complex concentrates (PCCs), and recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) for lowering international normalized ratio (INR) and facilitating procedures in critically ill patients with hepatic impairment. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Intensive care units at a large university-affiliated teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Forty-five adults with hepatic impairment who were admitted between September 1, 2011, and December 31, 2015, and had an admission INR of 1...
October 2016: Pharmacotherapy
C Letoublon, A Amariutei, N Taton, L Lacaze, J Abba, O Risse, C Arvieux
For the last 20 years, nonoperative management (NOM) of blunt hepatic trauma (BHT) has been the initial policy whenever this is possible (80% of cases), i.e., in all cases where the hemodynamic status does not demand emergency laparotomy. NOM relies upon the coexistence of three highly effective treatment modalities: radiology with contrast-enhanced computerized tomography (CT) and hepatic arterial embolization, intensive care surveillance, and finally delayed surgery (DS). DS is not a failure of NOM management but rather an integral part of the surgical strategy...
August 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Brittany S Blake, Stephen Aniskevich, Colleen S Thomas, Beth L Ladlie
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to determine whether specific preoperative clinical characteristics were associated with low-volume transfusion in liver transplant recipients. Low-volume transfusion was defined as transfusion of < 2100 mL of packed red blood cells intraoperatively during liver transplant. The ability to accurately predict low-volume transfusion could increase patient safety, decrease complications associated with transfusion, improve blood management, and decrease transplant case cost...
August 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Nicole Holzmann, Christophe Chipot, François Penin, François Dehez
The viroporin p7 of the hepatitis C virus forms multimeric channels eligible for ion transport across the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Currently the subject of many studies and discussion, the molecular assembly of the ion channel and the structural characteristics of the p7 monomer are not yet fully understood. Structural investigation of p7 has been carried out only in detergent environments, making the interpretation of the experimental results somewhat questionable. Here, we analyze by means of molecular dynamics simulations the structure of the p7 monomer as a function of its sequence, initial conformation and environment...
October 15, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Fikri M Abu-Zidan
BACKGROUND: Some surgeons may lack proper experience in abdominal packing. Overpacking may directly compress the inferior vena cava (IVC). This reduces the venous return and possibly causes hypotension. Here, a new on table Point-of-Care Ultrasound application that has been recently used to assess the effect of abdominal packing on the IVC diameter is described. Following abdominal packing, a small print convex array probe with low frequency (2-5 MHz) is used to visualize the IVC. Using the B mode, the IVC can be directly evaluated through a hepatic window between the ribs...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Sebastian Pratschke, Alexandra Rauch, Markus Albertsmeier, Markus Rentsch, Michaela Kirschneck, Joachim Andrassy, Michael Thomas, Werner Hartwig, Joan Figueras, Juan Del Rio Martin, Nicola De Ruvo, Jens Werner, Markus Guba, Maximilian Weniger, Martin K Angele
BACKGROUND: The value of temporary intraoperative porto-caval shunts (TPCS) in cava-sparing liver transplantation is discussed controversially. Aim of this meta-analysis was to analyze the impact of temporary intraoperative porto-caval shunts on liver injury, primary non-function, time of surgery, transfusion of blood products and length of hospital stay in cava-sparing liver transplantation. METHODS: A systematic search of MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE and PsycINFO retrieved a total of 909 articles, of which six articles were included...
July 27, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Matteo Ravaioli, Matteo Serenari, Matteo Cescon, Carlo Savini, Alessandro Cucchetti, Giorgio Ercolani, Massimo Del Gaudio, Alberto Casati, Antonio Daniele Pinna
BACKGROUND: Leiomyosarcoma of vascular origin is a rare tumor, occurring mainly in the inferior vena cava (IVC). When involving the hepatic vein confluence, it often causes Budd-Chiari syndrome, and IVC removal with a complex hepatectomy is required (Mingoli in J Am Coll Surg 211:145-146, 2010; Griffin in J Surg Oncol 34:53-60, 1987; Heaney in Ann Surg 163:237-241, 1966; Fortner in Ann Surg 180:644-652, 1974). METHODS: A 57-year-old male, without previous oncological history, presented with Budd-Chiari syndrome due to a leiomyosarcoma extending to the supra-diaphragmatic IVC and involving the right and middle hepatic veins...
July 18, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Stephanie Malaquin, Lionel Rebibo, Cyril Chivot, Louise Badoux, Yazine Mahjoub, Herve Dupont
INTRODUCTION: Afibrinogenemia is a rare coagulation disorder. Clinical features of spontaneous bleeding, bleeding after minor trauma, or after surgery have been described as well as thrombo-embolic complications. In this article, we presented the case of a 19-year old female with congenital afibrinogenemia who was admitted with a spontaneous intrahepatic hematoma. CONCLUSIONS: Supportive treatment including transfusion and fibrinogen administration, associated with repeated packing surgeries and selective embolization, were successfully performed...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mengying Zhou, Mingjuan Jiang, Chenyan Ren, Sijing Liu, Qikang Pu, Howard Goldfine, Hao Shen, Chuan Wang
Listeria monocytogenes (LM) vectors have shown much promise in delivery of viral and tumor antigens for the development of vaccines. L. ivanovii (LI) is a closely related bacterium with a similar intracellular life cycle that may offer advantages over LM because it is not a human pathogen, but can infect other animal species. Recent studies show that recombinant LI expressing Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens is effective in inducing protective immunity in mouse models, demonstrating the potential of LI as a live vaccine vector...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Edwin C Y Chow, Jason Z Ya Wang, Holly P Quach, Hui Tang, David C Evans, Albert P Li, Jose Silva, K Sandy Pang
Chimeric mouse liver models are useful in vivo tools for human drug metabolism studies; however, liver integrity and the microcirculation remain largely uninvestigated. Hence, we conducted liver perfusion studies to examine these attributes in FRGN [Fah(-/-), Rag2(-/-), and Il2rg(-/-), NOD strain] livers (control) and chimeric livers repopulated with mouse (mFRGN) or human (hFRGN) hepatocytes. In single-pass perfusion studies (2.5 ml/min), outflow dilution profiles of noneliminated reference indicators ((51)Cr-RBC, (125)I-albumin, (14)C-sucrose, and (3)H-water) revealed preservation of flow-limited distribution and reduced water and albumin spaces in hFRGN livers compared with FRGN livers, a view supported microscopically by tightly packed sinusoids...
September 2016: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
Ekbal M Abo-Hashem, Wafaa M El-Emshaty, Raghda El Sayed Farag, Sahar Zakaria, Mohammed Abd El-Aziz, Azza Ghonaim
Cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) and Glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) genes are involved in the metabolism of many carcinogens. Polymorphisms in these genes with altered enzyme activity have been reported. The present study evaluated the synergistic effect between CYP1A1 and GSTP1 gene polymorphisms and smoking on development of HCV-related liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The patients group comprised 40 patients with HCC and 40 patients with liver cirrhosis. The control group comprised 40 healthy subjects having no history of malignancy...
October 2016: Biochemical Genetics
Martha-Conley E Ingram, Ragavan V Siddharthan, Andrew D Morris, Sarah J Hill, Curtis D Travers, Courtney E McKracken, Kurt F Heiss, Mehul V Raval, Matthew T Santore
BACKGROUND: There are no widely accepted guidelines for management of pediatric patients who have evidence of solid organ contrast extravasation ("blush") on computed tomography (CT) scans following blunt abdominal trauma. We report our experience as a Level 1 pediatric trauma center in managing cases with hepatic and splenic blush. METHODS: All pediatric blunt abdominal trauma cases resulting in liver or splenic injury were queried from 2008 to 2014. Patients were excluded if a CT was unavailable in the medical record...
August 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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