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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775616/amelioration-of-uvb-induced-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-fat-1-transgenic-mouse-skin
#1
Hye-Won Yum, Seong Hoon Kim, Jing X Kang, Young-Joon Surh
ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), which are abundant in some fish oils, are known to scavenge lipid peroxyl radicals and increase host immunoresponsiveness. As UVB-induced oxidative stress and inflammation have been implicated in apoptotic cell death, this study was designed to investigate the anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, and anti-apoptotic capacity of fat-1 transgenic mice capable of converting ω-6 to ω-3 PUFAs. Wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 mice and fat-1 mice were maintained on the AIN-93 diet supplemented with 10% safflower oil rich in ω-6 PUFAs for 5 weeks...
May 15, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771763/recognizing-diagnosing-and-preventing-child-maltreatment-an-update-for-pediatric-clinicians
#2
Fiona Danaher, Andrea Vandeven, Aine Blanchard, Alice W Newton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite an increasing understanding of the impact of emotional trauma and physical abuse on children, clinicians and hospitals still sometimes miss the diagnosis of abuse. The literature in 2017 focused on creating standardized approaches to recognition and diagnosis of physical abuse and occult injury, including using the electronic medical record to provide triggers for consultation of the hospital Child Protection Program. The American College of Radiology updated their standardized approach to the evaluation of physical abuse in the child, and other authors gave us screening tools for commercial exploitation, as well as guidance about how to recognize risks for emotional abuse in families...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770221/risperidone-induced-type-2-diabetes-presenting-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#3
Clarissa Ern Hui Fang, Mohammed Faraz Rafey, Aine Cunningham, Sean F Dinneen, Francis M Finucane
A 28-year-old male presented with 2 days of vomiting and abdominal pain, preceded by 2 weeks of thirst, polyuria and polydipsia. He had recently started risperidone for obsessive-compulsive disorder. He reported a high dietary sugar intake and had a strong family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). On admission, he was tachycardic, tachypnoeic and drowsy with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 10/15. We noted axillary acanthosis nigricans and obesity (BMI 33.2 kg/m2 ). Dipstick urinalysis showed ketonuria and glycosuria...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767579/healthcare-use-costs-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-end-stage-kidney-disease-receiving-conservative-management-results-from-a-multi-centre-observational-study-packs
#4
Glenn Phair, Ashley Agus, Charles Normand, Kevin Brazil, Aine Burns, Paul Roderick, Alexander P Maxwell, Colin Thompson, Magdi Yaqoob, Helen Noble
BACKGROUND: Previous research has explored the cost of providing renal replacement therapies in patients with end-stage kidney disease and their quality of life. This is the first study to examine the healthcare costs of patients receiving conservative care without dialysis for end-stage kidney disease. This alternative to dialysis is an option for patients who prefer a supportive and palliative care approach. AIM: Descriptive cost and quality of life analyses alongside a UK-based multi-centre observational study in patients receiving conservative management for end-stage kidney disease...
May 1, 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764219/morningness-eveningness-preferences-learning-approach-and-academic-achievement-of-undergraduate-medical-students
#5
Nimra Akram, Naheed Khan, Mehreen Ameen, Shahmeera Mahmood, Komal Shamim, Marium Amin, Qurrat Ul Ain Rana
Several studies have focused on determining the effect of chronotype and learning approach on academic achievement separately indicating that morning types have an academic advantage over the evening types and so have the deep learners over the surface learners. But, surprisingly none have assessed the possible relationship between chronotype and learning approach. So, the current study aimed to evaluate this association and their individual influence on academic performance as indicated by the Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) as well as the effect of their interaction on academic performance...
May 15, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762891/assistants-in-nursing-working-with-mental-health-consumers-in-the-emergency-department
#6
Adam Gerace, Eimear Muir-Cochrane, Deb O'Kane, Leah Couzner, Christine Palmer, Karleen Thornton
Nursing students, regardless of setting, require skills in working with people with mental health issues. One way to provide students with learning opportunities within the context of limited undergraduate mental health content and lack of mental health placements is through employment as assistants in nursing (AIN). The purpose of the study was to investigate the use of AINs employed in an emergency department in South Australia to supervise (continuous observation) mental health consumers on inpatient treatment orders...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760616/high-frequency-of-primary-hereditary-ichthyoses-in-the-north-east-region-of-cairo-egypt
#7
Nermine El-Sayed, Neveen S Seifeldin, Christine K T Gobrial
Introduction: Inherited ichthyoses are caused by mutations in various genes important for keratinocyte differentiation and epidermal barrier function. Although ichthyoses are rare disorders, they require costly long-term medical management, and thus there is a need for efficient preventive and therapeutic strategies. Aim: We performed a retrospective study to determine the frequency, types, clinical presentation and associated genomic errors of primary hereditary ichthyoses in Egyptian patients and their relatives consulting the Genetics Clinic, Pediatric Hospital, Ain Shams University...
April 2018: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756964/a%C3%A3-ai-improves-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld-induced-by-fructose
#8
Mayara Medeiros de Freitas Carvalho, Larissa Lélis Teixeira Reis, Juliana Márcia Macedo Lopes, Nara Nunes Lage, Joyce Ferreira da Costa Guerra, Helena Porto Zago, Larissa De Freitas Bonomo, Renata Rebeca Pereira, Wanderson Geraldo de Lima, Marcelo Eustáquio Silva, Maria Lucia Pedrosa
INTRODUCTION: the excessive consumption of fructose can cause liver damage, characteristic of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) associated with changes in lipid metabolism and antioxidant defenses. Açai, the fruit of Euterpe oleraceaMart., has demonstrated numerous biological activities, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and lipid metabolism modulating action. OBJECTIVE: we evaluated the benefits of açai supplementation on liver damage caused by replacing starch with fructose in rats...
February 16, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748870/fructan-enriched-diet-increases-bone-quality-in-female-growing-rats-at-calcium-deficiency
#9
Kinga Topolska, Radosław Piotr Radzki, Agnieszka Filipiak-Florkiewicz, Adam Florkiewicz, Teresa Leszczyńska, Ewa Cieślik
This study was designed to determine the effect of feeding female rats with low-calcium diet containing one of three fructan sources (Jerusalem artichoke, yacon, Beneo Orafti Synergy1), on selected bone parameters. Growing Wistar rats were fed modified AIN-93 G diet enriched in fructan sources (8%), added alone or as a strawberry sorbet ingredient. Two of eight groups were a validation model, where the positive control group was fed with recommended calcium dose in the diet (RCD), and negative one - with low calcium diet (LCD)...
May 10, 2018: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734448/endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-esd-for-anal-high-grade-intraepithelial-neoplasia-a-case-report
#10
Andrej Wagner, Daniel Neureiter, Josef Holzinger, Tobias Kiesslich, Eckhard Klieser, Frieder Berr
Anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) is a precursor of anal carcinoma. Conventional therapy is based on topical and local ablative approaches. However, the recurrence rates are very high, leading to repetitive treatment sessions and need for long-term surveillance. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is an established treatment for malignant early neoplasias of the gastrointestinal tract, especially in the esophagus, stomach, and colorectum. Japanese centers have reported few cases of ESD for early anal carcinoma...
May 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734344/performance-of-a-wearable-acoustic-system-for-fetal-movement-discrimination
#11
Jonathan Lai, Richard Woodward, Yuriy Alexandrov, Qurratul Ain Munnee, Christoph C Lees, Ravi Vaidyanathan, Niamh C Nowlan
Fetal movements (FM) are a key factor in clinical management of high-risk pregnancies such as fetal growth restriction. While maternal perception of reduced FM can trigger self-referral to obstetric services, maternal sensation is highly subjective. Objective, reliable monitoring of fetal movement patterns outside clinical environs is not currently possible. A wearable and non-transmitting system capable of sensing fetal movements over extended periods of time would be extremely valuable, not only for monitoring individual fetal health, but also for establishing normal levels of movement in the population at large...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731925/serum-apelin-a-new-marker-of-early-atherosclerosis-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Rania N Sabry, Maged A El Wakeel, Ghada M El-Kassas, Ahmed F Amer, Wael H El Batal, Salwa Refat El-Zayat, Mohamed Abou-El-Asrar
INTRODUCTION: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is one of the most common chronic diseases in children that may be complicated by micro or macrovascular complications. Measurement of the carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) allows the early detection of atherosclerotic alterations of blood vessels that may complicate T1DM. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study is a case-control study. Participants were classified into two groups. The first group included 40 children with T1DM and the second group included 30 matched healthy controls...
April 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731437/microwave-and-conventional-synthesis-of-co-ii-cu-ii-and-ni-ii-metal-complexes-of-some-acid-hydrazones-with-their-spectral-characterization-and-biological-evaluation
#13
Mussarat Jabeen, Karamat Mehmood, Misbah-Ul Ain Khan, Noreen Aslam, Ansa Madiha Zafar, Naveed Sajid, Shazia Noreen, Samina Aslam, Abdul Ghafoor
The transition metal complexes of Co(II), Ni(II), and Cu(II) derived from N'-((5-(2,5-dichlorophenyl)furan-2-yl)methylene)-2-hydroxybenzohydrazide (L24) and N'-((5-(2, 5-dichlorophenyl)furan-2-yl)methylene)benzohydrazide (L21) have been synthesized by conventional as well as microwave method being shorter time consuming, solvent less and gives improved yields as compared to the traditional conventional technique. These compounds were characterized by melting point, TLC, FTIR, 1H-NMR, elemental analysis, potentiometric titration, ICP-OES and EIMS...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729856/building-imaging-institutes-of-patient-care-outcomes-imaging-as-a-nidus-for-innovation-in-clinical-care-research-and-education
#14
Myria Petrou, Paul Cronin, Duaa K Altaee, Aine M Kelly, Bradley R Foerster
Traditionally, radiologists have been responsible for the protocol of imaging studies, imaging acquisition, supervision of imaging technologists, and interpretation and reporting of imaging findings. In this article, we outline how radiology needs to change and adapt to a role of providing value-based, integrated health-care delivery. We believe that the way to best serve our specialty and our patients is to undertake a fundamental paradigm shift in how we practice. We describe the need for imaging institutes centered on disease entities (eg, lung cancer, multiple sclerosis) to not only optimize clinical care and patient outcomes, but also spur the development of a new educational focus, which will increase opportunities for medical trainees and other health professionals...
May 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725242/prospects-for-observing-and-localizing-gravitational-wave-transients-with-advanced-ligo-advanced-virgo-and-kagra
#15
REVIEW
B P Abbott, R Abbott, T D Abbott, M R Abernathy, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, T Adams, P Addesso, R X Adhikari, V B Adya, C Affeldt, M Agathos, K Agatsuma, N Aggarwal, O D Aguiar, L Aiello, A Ain, P Ajith, T Akutsu, B Allen, A Allocca, P A Altin, A Ananyeva, S B Anderson, W G Anderson, M Ando, S Appert, K Arai, A Araya, M C Araya, J S Areeda, N Arnaud, K G Arun, H Asada, S Ascenzi, G Ashton, Y Aso, M Ast, S M Aston, P Astone, S Atsuta, P Aufmuth, C Aulbert, A Avila-Alvarez, K Awai, S Babak, P Bacon, M K M Bader, L Baiotti, P T Baker, F Baldaccini, G Ballardin, S W Ballmer, J C Barayoga, S E Barclay, B C Barish, D Barker, F Barone, B Barr, L Barsotti, M Barsuglia, D Barta, J Bartlett, M A Barton, I Bartos, R Bassiri, A Basti, J C Batch, C Baune, V Bavigadda, M Bazzan, B Bécsy, C Beer, M Bejger, I Belahcene, M Belgin, A S Bell, B K Berger, G Bergmann, C P L Berry, D Bersanetti, A Bertolini, J Betzwieser, S Bhagwat, R Bhandare, I A Bilenko, G Billingsley, C R Billman, J Birch, R Birney, O Birnholtz, S Biscans, A Bisht, M Bitossi, C Biwer, M A Bizouard, J K Blackburn, J Blackman, C D Blair, D G Blair, R M Blair, S Bloemen, O Bock, M Boer, G Bogaert, A Bohe, F Bondu, R Bonnand, B A Boom, R Bork, V Boschi, S Bose, Y Bouffanais, A Bozzi, C Bradaschia, P R Brady, V B Braginsky, M Branchesi, J E Brau, T Briant, A Brillet, M Brinkmann, V Brisson, P Brockill, J E Broida, A F Brooks, D A Brown, D D Brown, N M Brown, S Brunett, C C Buchanan, A Buikema, T Bulik, H J Bulten, A Buonanno, D Buskulic, C Buy, R L Byer, M Cabero, L Cadonati, G Cagnoli, C Cahillane, J Calderón Bustillo, T A Callister, E Calloni, J B Camp, K C Cannon, H Cao, J Cao, C D Capano, E Capocasa, F Carbognani, S Caride, J Casanueva Diaz, C Casentini, S Caudill, M Cavaglià, F Cavalier, R Cavalieri, G Cella, C B Cepeda, L Cerboni Baiardi, G Cerretani, E Cesarini, S J Chamberlin, M Chan, S Chao, P Charlton, E Chassande-Mottin, B D Cheeseboro, H Y Chen, Y Chen, H-P Cheng, A Chincarini, A Chiummo, T Chmiel, H S Cho, M Cho, J H Chow, N Christensen, Q Chu, A J K Chua, S Chua, S Chung, G Ciani, F Clara, J A Clark, F Cleva, C Cocchieri, E Coccia, P-F Cohadon, A Colla, C G Collette, L Cominsky, M Constancio, L Conti, S J Cooper, T R Corbitt, N Cornish, A Corsi, S Cortese, C A Costa, M W Coughlin, S B Coughlin, J-P Coulon, S T Countryman, P Couvares, P B Covas, E E Cowan, D M Coward, M J Cowart, D C Coyne, R Coyne, J D E Creighton, T D Creighton, J Cripe, S G Crowder, T J Cullen, A Cumming, L Cunningham, E Cuoco, T Dal Canton, S L Danilishin, S D'Antonio, K Danzmann, A Dasgupta, C F Da Silva Costa, V Dattilo, I Dave, M Davier, G S Davies, D Davis, E J Daw, B Day, R Day, S De, D DeBra, G Debreczeni, J Degallaix, M De Laurentis, S Deléglise, W Del Pozzo, T Denker, T Dent, V Dergachev, R De Rosa, R T DeRosa, R DeSalvo, R C Devine, S Dhurandhar, M C Díaz, L Di Fiore, M Di Giovanni, T Di Girolamo, A Di Lieto, S Di Pace, I Di Palma, A Di Virgilio, Z Doctor, K Doi, V Dolique, F Donovan, K L Dooley, S Doravari, I Dorrington, R Douglas, M Dovale Álvarez, T P Downes, M Drago, R W P Drever, J C Driggers, Z Du, M Ducrot, S E Dwyer, K Eda, T B Edo, M C Edwards, A Effler, H-B Eggenstein, P Ehrens, J Eichholz, S S Eikenberry, R A Eisenstein, R C Essick, Z Etienne, T Etzel, M Evans, T M Evans, R Everett, M Factourovich, V Fafone, H Fair, S Fairhurst, X Fan, S Farinon, B Farr, W M Farr, E J Fauchon-Jones, M Favata, M Fays, H Fehrmann, M M Fejer, A Fernández Galiana, I Ferrante, E C Ferreira, F Ferrini, F Fidecaro, I Fiori, D Fiorucci, R P Fisher, R Flaminio, M Fletcher, H Fong, S S Forsyth, J-D Fournier, S Frasca, F Frasconi, Z Frei, A Freise, R Frey, V Frey, E M Fries, P Fritschel, V V Frolov, Y Fujii, M-K Fujimoto, P Fulda, M Fyffe, H Gabbard, B U Gadre, S M Gaebel, J R Gair, L Gammaitoni, S G Gaonkar, F Garufi, G Gaur, V Gayathri, N Gehrels, G Gemme, E Genin, A Gennai, J George, L Gergely, V Germain, S Ghonge, Abhirup Ghosh, Archisman Ghosh, S Ghosh, J A Giaime, K D Giardina, A Giazotto, K Gill, A Glaefke, E Goetz, R Goetz, L Gondan, G González, J M Gonzalez Castro, A Gopakumar, M L Gorodetsky, S E Gossan, M Gosselin, R Gouaty, A Grado, C Graef, M Granata, A Grant, S Gras, C Gray, G Greco, A C Green, P Groot, H Grote, S Grunewald, G M Guidi, X Guo, A Gupta, M K Gupta, K E Gushwa, E K Gustafson, R Gustafson, J J Hacker, A Hagiwara, B R Hall, E D Hall, G Hammond, M Haney, M M Hanke, J Hanks, C Hanna, M D Hannam, J Hanson, T Hardwick, J Harms, G M Harry, I W Harry, M J Hart, M T Hartman, C-J Haster, K Haughian, K Hayama, J Healy, A Heidmann, M C Heintze, H Heitmann, P Hello, G Hemming, M Hendry, I S Heng, J Hennig, J Henry, A W Heptonstall, M Heurs, S Hild, E Hirose, D Hoak, D Hofman, K Holt, D E Holz, P Hopkins, J Hough, E A Houston, E J Howell, Y M Hu, E A Huerta, D Huet, B Hughey, S Husa, S H Huttner, T Huynh-Dinh, N Indik, D R Ingram, R Inta, K Ioka, H N Isa, J-M Isac, M Isi, T Isogai, Y Itoh, B R Iyer, K Izumi, T Jacqmin, K Jani, P Jaranowski, S Jawahar, F Jiménez-Forteza, W W Johnson, D I Jones, R Jones, R J G Jonker, L Ju, J Junker, T Kagawa, T Kajita, M Kakizaki, C V Kalaghatgi, V Kalogera, M Kamiizumi, N Kanda, S Kandhasamy, S Kanemura, M Kaneyama, G Kang, J B Kanner, S Karki, K S Karvinen, M Kasprzack, Y Kataoka, E Katsavounidis, W Katzman, S Kaufer, T Kaur, K Kawabe, N Kawai, S Kawamura, F Kéfélian, D Keitel, D B Kelley, R Kennedy, J S Key, F Y Khalili, I Khan, S Khan, Z Khan, E A Khazanov, N Kijbunchoo, C Kim, H Kim, J C Kim, J Kim, W Kim, Y-M Kim, S J Kimbrell, N Kimura, E J King, P J King, R Kirchhoff, J S Kissel, B Klein, L Kleybolte, S Klimenko, P Koch, S M Koehlenbeck, Y Kojima, K Kokeyama, S Koley, K Komori, V Kondrashov, A Kontos, M Korobko, W Z Korth, K Kotake, I Kowalska, D B Kozak, C Krämer, V Kringel, B Krishnan, A Królak, G Kuehn, P Kumar, Rahul Kumar, Rakesh Kumar, L Kuo, K Kuroda, A Kutynia, Y Kuwahara, B D Lackey, M Landry, R N Lang, J Lange, B Lantz, R K Lanza, A Lartaux-Vollard, P D Lasky, M Laxen, A Lazzarini, C Lazzaro, P Leaci, S Leavey, E O Lebigot, C H Lee, H K Lee, H M Lee, H W Lee, K Lee, J Lehmann, A Lenon, M Leonardi, J R Leong, N Leroy, N Letendre, Y Levin, T G F Li, A Libson, T B Littenberg, J Liu, N A Lockerbie, A L Lombardi, L T London, J E Lord, M Lorenzini, V Loriette, M Lormand, G Losurdo, J D Lough, C O Lousto, G Lovelace, H Lück, A P Lundgren, R Lynch, Y Ma, S Macfoy, B Machenschalk, M MacInnis, D M Macleod, F Magaña-Sandoval, E Majorana, I Maksimovic, V Malvezzi, N Man, V Mandic, V Mangano, S Mano, G L Mansell, M Manske, M Mantovani, F Marchesoni, M Marchio, F Marion, S Márka, Z Márka, A S Markosyan, E Maros, F Martelli, L Martellini, I W Martin, D V Martynov, K Mason, A Masserot, T J Massinger, M Masso-Reid, S Mastrogiovanni, F Matichard, L Matone, N Matsumoto, F Matsushima, N Mavalvala, N Mazumder, R McCarthy, D E McClelland, S McCormick, C McGrath, S C McGuire, G McIntyre, J McIver, D J McManus, T McRae, S T McWilliams, D Meacher, G D Meadors, J Meidam, A Melatos, G Mendell, D Mendoza-Gandara, R A Mercer, E L Merilh, M Merzougui, S Meshkov, C Messenger, C Messick, R Metzdorff, P M Meyers, F Mezzani, H Miao, C Michel, Y Michimura, H Middleton, E E Mikhailov, L Milano, A L Miller, A Miller, B B Miller, J Miller, M Millhouse, Y Minenkov, J Ming, S Mirshekari, C Mishra, V P Mitrofanov, G Mitselmakher, R Mittleman, O Miyakawa, A Miyamoto, T Miyamoto, S Miyoki, A Moggi, M Mohan, S R P Mohapatra, M Montani, B C Moore, C J Moore, D Moraru, G Moreno, W Morii, S Morisaki, Y Moriwaki, S R Morriss, B Mours, C M Mow-Lowry, G Mueller, A W Muir, Arunava Mukherjee, D Mukherjee, S Mukherjee, N Mukund, A Mullavey, J Munch, E A M Muniz, P G Murray, A Mytidis, S Nagano, K Nakamura, T Nakamura, H Nakano, Masaya Nakano, Masayuki Nakano, K Nakao, K Napier, I Nardecchia, T Narikawa, L Naticchioni, G Nelemans, T J N Nelson, M Neri, M Nery, A Neunzert, J M Newport, G Newton, T T Nguyen, W-T Ni, A B Nielsen, S Nissanke, A Nitz, A Noack, F Nocera, D Nolting, M E N Normandin, L K Nuttall, J Oberling, E Ochsner, E Oelker, G H Ogin, J J Oh, S H Oh, M Ohashi, N Ohishi, M Ohkawa, F Ohme, K Okutomi, M Oliver, K Ono, Y Ono, K Oohara, P Oppermann, Richard J Oram, B O'Reilly, R O'Shaughnessy, D J Ottaway, H Overmier, B J Owen, A E Pace, J Page, A Pai, S A Pai, J R Palamos, O Palashov, C Palomba, A Pal-Singh, H Pan, C Pankow, F Pannarale, B C Pant, F Paoletti, A Paoli, M A Papa, H R Paris, W Parker, D Pascucci, A Pasqualetti, R Passaquieti, D Passuello, B Patricelli, B L Pearlstone, M Pedraza, R Pedurand, L Pekowsky, A Pele, F E Peña Arellano, S Penn, C J Perez, A Perreca, L M Perri, H P Pfeiffer, M Phelps, O J Piccinni, M Pichot, F Piergiovanni, V Pierro, G Pillant, L Pinard, I M Pinto, M Pitkin, M Poe, R Poggiani, P Popolizio, A Post, J Powell, J Prasad, J W W Pratt, V Predoi, T Prestegard, M Prijatelj, M Principe, S Privitera, G A Prodi, L G Prokhorov, O Puncken, M Punturo, P Puppo, M Pürrer, H Qi, J Qin, S Qiu, V Quetschke, E A Quintero, R Quitzow-James, F J Raab, D S Rabeling, H Radkins, P Raffai, S Raja, C Rajan, M Rakhmanov, P Rapagnani, V Raymond, M Razzano, V Re, J Read, T Regimbau, L Rei, S Reid, D H Reitze, H Rew, S D Reyes, E Rhoades, F Ricci, K Riles, M Rizzo, N A Robertson, R Robie, F Robinet, A Rocchi, L Rolland, J G Rollins, V J Roma, R Romano, J H Romie, D Rosińska, S Rowan, A Rüdiger, P Ruggi, K Ryan, S Sachdev, T Sadecki, L Sadeghian, N Sago, M Saijo, Y Saito, K Sakai, M Sakellariadou, L Salconi, M Saleem, F Salemi, A Samajdar, L Sammut, L M Sampson, E J Sanchez, V Sandberg, J R Sanders, Y Sasaki, B Sassolas, B S Sathyaprakash, S Sato, T Sato, P R Saulson, O Sauter, R L Savage, A Sawadsky, P Schale, J Scheuer, E Schmidt, J Schmidt, P Schmidt, R Schnabel, R M S Schofield, A Schönbeck, E Schreiber, D Schuette, B F Schutz, S G Schwalbe, J Scott, S M Scott, T Sekiguchi, Y Sekiguchi, D Sellers, A S Sengupta, D Sentenac, V Sequino, A Sergeev, Y Setyawati, D A Shaddock, T J Shaffer, M S Shahriar, B Shapiro, P Shawhan, A Sheperd, M Shibata, Y Shikano, T Shimoda, A Shoda, D H Shoemaker, D M Shoemaker, K Siellez, X Siemens, M Sieniawska, D Sigg, A D Silva, A Singer, L P Singer, A Singh, R Singh, A Singhal, A M Sintes, B J J Slagmolen, B Smith, J R Smith, R J E Smith, K Somiya, E J Son, B Sorazu, F Sorrentino, T Souradeep, A P Spencer, A K Srivastava, A Staley, M Steinke, J Steinlechner, S Steinlechner, D Steinmeyer, B C Stephens, S P Stevenson, R Stone, K A Strain, N Straniero, G Stratta, S E Strigin, R Sturani, A L Stuver, Y Sugimoto, T Z Summerscales, L Sun, S Sunil, P J Sutton, T Suzuki, B L Swinkels, M J Szczepańczyk, M Tacca, H Tagoshi, S Takada, H Takahashi, R Takahashi, A Takamori, D Talukder, H Tanaka, K Tanaka, T Tanaka, D B Tanner, M Tápai, A Taracchini, D Tatsumi, R Taylor, S Telada, T Theeg, E G Thomas, M Thomas, P Thomas, K A Thorne, E Thrane, T Tippens, S Tiwari, V Tiwari, K V Tokmakov, K Toland, T Tomaru, C Tomlinson, M Tonelli, Z Tornasi, C I Torrie, D Töyrä, F Travasso, G Traylor, D Trifirò, J Trinastic, M C Tringali, L Trozzo, M Tse, R Tso, K Tsubono, T Tsuzuki, M Turconi, D Tuyenbayev, T Uchiyama, T Uehara, S Ueki, K Ueno, D Ugolini, C S Unnikrishnan, A L Urban, T Ushiba, S A Usman, H Vahlbruch, G Vajente, G Valdes, N van Bakel, M van Beuzekom, J F J van den Brand, C Van Den Broeck, D C Vander-Hyde, L van der Schaaf, J V van Heijningen, M H P M van Putten, A A van Veggel, M Vardaro, V Varma, S Vass, M Vasúth, A Vecchio, G Vedovato, J Veitch, P J Veitch, K Venkateswara, G Venugopalan, D Verkindt, F Vetrano, A Viceré, A D Viets, S Vinciguerra, D J Vine, J-Y Vinet, S Vitale, T Vo, H Vocca, C Vorvick, D V Voss, W D Vousden, S P Vyatchanin, A R Wade, L E Wade, M Wade, T Wakamatsu, M Walker, L Wallace, S Walsh, G Wang, H Wang, M Wang, Y Wang, R L Ward, J Warner, M Was, J Watchi, B Weaver, L-W Wei, M Weinert, A J Weinstein, R Weiss, L Wen, P Weßels, T Westphal, K Wette, J T Whelan, B F Whiting, C Whittle, D Williams, R D Williams, A R Williamson, J L Willis, B Willke, M H Wimmer, W Winkler, C C Wipf, H Wittel, G Woan, J Woehler, J Worden, J L Wright, D S Wu, G Wu, W Yam, H Yamamoto, K Yamamoto, T Yamamoto, C C Yancey, K Yano, M J Yap, J Yokoyama, T Yokozawa, T H Yoon, Hang Yu, Haocun Yu, H Yuzurihara, M Yvert, A Zadrożny, L Zangrando, M Zanolin, S Zeidler, J-P Zendri, M Zevin, L Zhang, M Zhang, T Zhang, Y Zhang, C Zhao, M Zhou, Z Zhou, S J Zhu, X J Zhu, M E Zucker, J Zweizig
We present possible observing scenarios for the Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo and KAGRA gravitational-wave detectors over the next decade, with the intention of providing information to the astronomy community to facilitate planning for multi-messenger astronomy with gravitational waves. We estimate the sensitivity of the network to transient gravitational-wave signals, and study the capability of the network to determine the sky location of the source. We report our findings for gravitational-wave transients, with particular focus on gravitational-wave signals from the inspiral of binary neutron star systems, which are the most promising targets for multi-messenger astronomy...
2018: Living Reviews in Relativity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721927/estimations-of-retinal-blue-light-irradiance-values-and-melatonin-suppression-indices-through-clear-and-yellow-tinted-intraocular-lenses
#16
Masaki Tanito, Ichiya Sano, Tsutomu Okuno, Yoshihisa Ishiba, Akihiro Ohira
Spectral transmittance values in the wavelength range of 300 to 800 nanometers were measured using a spectrophotometer for 18 intraocular lenses (IOLs) including clear (ZCB00) and yellow-tinted (ZCB00V, both from AMO Japan) IOLs with three different lens powers. Also measured were the blue-light irradiance (BLI) values, which might reflect retinal damage caused by sunlight, and the melatonin suppression indices (MSIs), which might reflect the nonvisual photoreception function, through these IOLs. The BLIs (in mWcm-2 ) calculated were 7...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720069/how-much-does-tuberculosis-cost-an-australian-healthcare-perspective-analysis
#17
Eddie Chan, Aine Nolan, Justin Denholm
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a disease of high morbidity in Australia, with implications for both public health and the individual. Cost analyses is relevant for programmatic evaluation of TB. There is minimal published TB cost data in the Australian setting. Patients with drug sensitive active pulmonary TB (DS-PTB) and latent TB (LTBI) were enrolled in a single tertiary referral centre to evaluate healthcare provider costs. The median cost of treating drug susceptible pulmonary TB in this case series was 11,538 AUD...
September 1, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720065/tuberculosis-screening-in-an-aged-care-residential-facility-in-a-low-incidence-setting
#18
Nompilo Moyo, James Trauer, Peter Trevan, Ann-Marie Baker, Joseph Musemburi, Kerry McGrath, Aine Nolan, Eamon McIntyre, Jane Hulls, Justin T Denholm
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a disease of high morbidity in Australia, with implications for both public health and the individual. Cost analyses is relevant for programmatic evaluation of TB. There is minimal published TB cost data in the Australian setting. Patients with drug sensitive active pulmonary TB (DS-PTB) and latent TB (LTBI) were enrolled in a single tertiary referral centre to evaluate healthcare provider costs. The median cost of treating drug susceptible pulmonary TB in this case series was 11,538 AUD...
September 1, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719871/a-prospective-metagenomic-and-metabolomic-analysis-of-the-impact-of-exercise-and-or-whey-protein-supplementation-on-the-gut-microbiome-of-sedentary-adults
#19
Owen Cronin, Wiley Barton, Peter Skuse, Nicholas C Penney, Isabel Garcia-Perez, Eileen F Murphy, Trevor Woods, Helena Nugent, Aine Fanning, Silvia Melgar, Eanna C Falvey, Elaine Holmes, Paul D Cotter, Orla O'Sullivan, Michael G Molloy, Fergus Shanahan
Many components of modern living exert influence on the resident intestinal microbiota of humans with resultant impact on host health. For example, exercise-associated changes in the diversity, composition, and functional profiles of microbial populations in the gut have been described in cross-sectional studies of habitual athletes. However, this relationship is also affected by changes in diet, such as changes in dietary and supplementary protein consumption, that coincide with exercise. To determine whether increasing physical activity and/or increased protein intake modulates gut microbial composition and function, we prospectively challenged healthy but sedentary adults with a short-term exercise regime, with and without concurrent daily whey protein consumption...
May 2018: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710662/antinociceptive-effectiveness-of-tithonia-tubaeformis-in-a-vincristine-model-of-chemotherapy-induced-painful-neuropathy-in-mice
#20
Noor Ul Ain Nawaz, Muhammad Saeed, Khalid Rauf, Muhammad Usman, Mehreen Arif, Zaki Ullah, Naila Raziq
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a painful side-effect of commonly used chemotherapeutic agents that profoundly impair the quality of life of patients as the current pharmacotherapeutic strategies are inefficient in providing adequate pain relief. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies are preferred by patients with neuropathic pain as they experience insufficient control of pain with conventional medications. This study describes the antinociceptive effect of Tithonia tubaeformis (Jacq...
April 25, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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