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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339835/the-association-between-proton-pump-inhibitor-use-and-the-risk-of-adverse-kidney-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Surapon Nochaiwong, Chidchanok Ruengorn, Ratanaporn Awiphan, Kiatkriangkrai Koyratkoson, Chayutthaphong Chaisai, Kajohnsak Noppakun, Wilaiwan Chongruksut, Kednapa Thavorn
Background: Existing epidemiological studies illustrate that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may be related to adverse kidney outcomes. To date, no comprehensive meta-analysis has been conducted to evaluate and quantify this association. Methods: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies to assess the association between PPI use and the risk of adverse kidney outcomes. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, SCOPUS, Web of Science, CINAHL, Cochrane Library and grey literature with no language restrictions (through 31 October 2016)...
February 23, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335326/tuning-the-emission-energy-of-chemically-doped-graphene-quantum-dots
#2
Noor-Ul-Ain, Martin O Eriksson, Susann Schmidt, M Asghar, Pin-Cheng Lin, Per Olof Holtz, Mikael Syväjärvi, G Reza Yazdi
Tuning the emission energy of graphene quantum dots (GQDs) and understanding the reason of tunability is essential for the GOD function in optoelectronic devices. Besides material-based challenges, the way to realize chemical doping and band gap tuning also pose a serious challenge. In this study, we tuned the emission energy of GQDs by substitutional doping using chlorine, nitrogen, boron, sodium, and potassium dopants in solution form. Photoluminescence data obtained from (Cl- and N-doped) GQDs and (B-, Na-, and K-doped) GQDs, respectively exhibited red- and blue-shift with respect to the photoluminescence of the undoped GQDs...
November 3, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334938/clinical-and-genetic-characterization-of-leukoencephalopathies-in-adults
#3
David S Lynch, Anderson Rodrigues Brandão de Paiva, Wei Jia Zhang, Enrico Bugiardini, Fernando Freua, Leandro Tavares Lucato, Lucia Inês Macedo-Souza, Rahul Lakshmanan, Justin A Kinsella, Aine Merwick, Alexander M Rossor, Nin Bajaj, Brian Herron, Paul McMonagle, Patrick J Morrison, Deborah Hughes, Alan Pittman, Matilde Laurà, Mary M Reilly, Jason D Warren, Catherine J Mummery, Jonathan M Schott, Matthew Adams, Nick C Fox, Elaine Murphy, Indran Davagnanam, Fernando Kok, Jeremy Chataway, Henry Houlden
Leukodystrophies and genetic leukoencephalopathies are a rare group of disorders leading to progressive degeneration of cerebral white matter. They are associated with a spectrum of clinical phenotypes dominated by dementia, psychiatric changes, movement disorders and upper motor neuron signs. Mutations in at least 60 genes can lead to leukoencephalopathy with often overlapping clinical and radiological presentations. For these reasons, patients with genetic leukoencephalopathies often endure a long diagnostic odyssey before receiving a definitive diagnosis or may receive no diagnosis at all...
March 2, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332841/effects-of-diet-quality-and-psychosocial-stress-on-the-metabolic-profiles-of-mice
#4
Tatsuhiko Goto, Shozo Tomonaga, Atsushi Toyoda
There has been an increasing interest in relationship between stress and diet. To address this relationship, we evaluated an animal model of depression: male C57BL/6J mice subjected to subchronic mild social defeat stress (sCSDS) for 10 consecutive days using male ICR mice under two different calorie-adjusted diets conditions-non-purified (MF) and semi-purified (AIN) diets made from natural and chemical ingredients mainly, respectively. Our previous study indicates diet quality and purity affect stress susceptibility in sCSDS mice...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330115/phylogenetic-and-metabolic-diversity-of-tunisian-forest-wood-degrading-fungi-a-wealth-of-novelties-and-opportunities-for-biotechnology
#5
Dalel Daâssi, Héla Zouari-Mechichi, Lassaad Belbahri, Jorge Barriuso, María Jesús Martínez, Moncef Nasri, Tahar Mechichi
In this study, 51 fungal strains were isolated from decaying wood samples collected from forests located in the Northwest of Tunisia in the vicinity of Bousalem, Ain Draham and Kef. Phylogenetic analysis based on the sequences of the internal transcribed spacers of the ribosomal DNA showed a high diversity among the 51 fungal isolates collection. Representatives of 25 genera and 29 species were identified, most of which were members of one of the following phyla (Ascomycota, Basidiomycota and Zygomycota). In addition to the phylogenetic diversity, a high diversity of secreted enzyme profiles was also detected among the fungal isolates...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321991/atomic-layer-deposition-of-a-silver-nanolayer-on-advanced-titanium-orthopedic-implants-inhibits-bacterial-colonization-and-supports-vascularized-de-novo-bone-ingrowth
#6
Aine Devlin-Mullin, Naomi M Todd, Zahra Golrokhi, Hua Geng, Moritz A Konerding, Nigel G Ternan, John A Hunt, Richard J Potter, Chris Sutcliffe, Eric Jones, Peter D Lee, Christopher A Mitchell
Joint replacement surgery is associated with significant morbidity and mortality following infection with either methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) or Staphylococcus epidermidis. These organisms have strong biofilm-forming capability in deep wounds and on prosthetic surfaces, with 10(3) -10(4) microbes resulting in clinically significant infections. To inhibit biofilm formation, we developed 3D titanium structures using selective laser melting and then coated them with a silver nanolayer using atomic layer deposition...
March 21, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318696/coupling-lidar-and-thermal-imagery-to-model-the-effects-of-riparian-vegetation-shade-and-groundwater-inputs-on-summer-river-temperature
#7
Vincent Wawrzyniak, Pascal Allemand, Sarah Bailly, Jérôme Lejot, Hervé Piégay
In the context of global warming, it is important to understand the drivers controlling river temperature in order to mitigate temperature increases. A modeling approach can be useful for quantifying the respective importance of the different drivers, notably groundwater inputs and riparian shading which are potentially critical for reducing summer temperature. In this study, we use a one-dimensional deterministic model to predict summer water temperature at an hourly time step over a 21km reach of the lower Ain River (France)...
March 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314928/hilar-granule-cells-of-the-mouse-dentate-gyrus-effects-of-age-septotemporal-location-strain-and-selective-deletion-of-the-proapoptotic-gene-bax
#8
Keria Bermudez-Hernandez, Yi-Ling Lu, Jillian Moretto, Swati Jain, John J LaFrancois, Aine M Duffy, Helen E Scharfman
The dentate gyrus (DG) principal cells are glutamatergic granule cells (GCs), and they are located in a compact cell layer. However, GCs are also present in the adjacent hilar region, but have been described in only a few studies. Therefore, we used the transcription factor prospero homeobox 1 (Prox1) to quantify GCs at postnatal day (PND) 16, 30, and 60 in a common mouse strain, C57BL/6J mice. At PND16, there was a large population of Prox1-immunoreactive (ir) hilar cells, with more in the septal than temporal hippocampus...
March 17, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304216/characterizing-the-multidrug-resistance-of-non-o157-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-isolates-from-cattle-farms-and-abattoirs
#9
Carrie-Ann Kennedy, Séamus Fanning, Maria Karczmarczyk, Brian Byrne, Áine Monaghan, Declan Bolton, Torres Sweeney
Non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STECs) are not as well characterized as O157 STEC cases, despite their similar prevalence in many countries. Hence, the objective of this study was to investigate the phenotypic and genotypic basis of multidrug resistance (MDR) in non-O157 STEC farm- and abattoir-sourced isolates and assess the potential dissemination of these MDR profiles in vitro. Susceptibility testing to 20 antimicrobials was performed on 146 non-O157 STECs isolated from farm and abattoir environments...
March 17, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303171/carrageenan-based-bionanocomposites-as-drug-delivery-tool-with-special-emphasis-on-the-influence-of-ferromagnetic-nanoparticles
#10
REVIEW
Abida Kalsoom Khan, Ain Us Saba, Shamyla Nawazish, Fahad Akhtar, Rehana Rashid, Sadullah Mir, Bushra Nasir, Furqan Iqbal, Samina Afzal, Fahad Pervaiz, Ghulam Murtaza
Over the past few years, considerable attention has been focused on carrageenan based bionanocomposites due to their multifaceted properties like biodegradability, biocompatibility, and nontoxicity. Moreover, these composites can be tailored according to the desired purpose by using different nanofillers. The role of ferromagnetic nanoparticles in drug delivery is also discussed here in detail. Moreover, this article also presents a short review of recent research on the different types of the carrageenan based bionanocomposites and applications...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302251/levetiracetam-induced-increase-in-creatine-phosphokinase-levels
#11
Naila Shahbaz, Syed Muneeb Younus, Sohaib Ahmed Khan, Qurrat -Ul- Ain, Mudassir Ahmed Khan, Mohammad Hassan Memon
Levetiracetam is an antiepileptic drug used for the treatment of generalised or partial seizures, either alone or in a combination therapy. Adverse effects have been reported with its clinical use, including headache, dizziness, liver failure etc. A rare but an important adverse effect is an increase in creatine phosphokinase (CPK) levels with its use. Herein, we present a case of 43-year male, known intravenous (IV) drug abuser with a history of decompressive craniotomy. Patient presented with severe behavioural disorder for which risperidone was given...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302238/gitelman-syndrome
#12
Qurat Ul Ain Mustafa, Zujaja Hina Haroon, Aamir Ijaz, Muhammad Tanveer Sajid, Muhammad Ayyub
Gitelman syndrome (GS) is the most frequently inherited renal salt-wasting tubulointerstitial disease. It follows variable but usually asymptomatic benign course. We present a rare case of GS that remained clinical enigma. A 22-year male presented with severe episodic fatigue involving all limbs associated with episodes of sinking, palpitations, salt craving, increased thirst and frequent micturition hampering his routine daily activities. Laboratory workup revealed serum potassium, 2.7 mmol/L, serum magnesium, 0...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301946/target-population-for-the-screening-of-human-papillomavirus-hpv-and-anal-carcinoma-precursor-lesions-results-from-a-pilot-study-in-hiv-infected-males-with-sexual-risk-factors
#13
Carlos Pastor, Alfonso Cabello Úbeda
Ninety-five percent of precursor lesions -high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) and anal intraepithelial neoplasms (AIN)- and their progression to squamous anal cancer (AC) are induced by high-risk HPV (HR-HPV) serotypes 16 and 18. Their incidence is higher particularly in HIV-infected male patients who have sex with other males (HIV-MSM) (144/100,000/patients/year).
March 17, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291174/-view-of-the-city-al-ain-at-night-from-the-top-of-a-mountain-called-jebel-hafeet-in-the-uae
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284382/medication-induced-interstitial-nephritis-in-the-21st-century
#15
REVIEW
Cynthia C Nast
Interstitial nephritis is an immune mediated form of tubulointerstitial kidney injury that may occur secondary to drugs, autoimmune disease, infections, and hematologic disorders or as a reactive process. Drug-induced acute interstitial nephritis (DI-AIN) occurs in 0.5%-3% of all kidney biopsies and in 5%-27% of biopsies performed for acute kidney injury. Drugs are implicated in 70%-90% of biopsy-proved IN with a prevalence of 50% in less developed to 78% in more developed countries. DI-AIN typically is idiosyncratic because of a delayed hypersensitivity reaction, although some chemotherapeutic agents are permissive for immune upregulation and injure the kidney in a dose-related manner...
March 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284381/mechanisms-of-drug-induced-interstitial-nephritis
#16
REVIEW
Rajeev Raghavan, Saed Shawar
Drug-induced acute interstitial nephritis (DI-AIN) is a drug hypersensitivity reaction (DHR) that manifests 7 to 10 days after exposure to the culprit drug. DHRs account for fewer than 15% of reported adverse drug reactions. The kidneys are susceptible to DHR because: (1) the high renal blood flow whereby antigens are filtered, secreted, or concentrated, and (2) it is a major site of excretion for drugs and drug metabolites. More than 250 different drugs from various classes have been incriminated as causative agents of DI-AIN, the third most common cause of acute kidney injury in the hospital...
March 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280086/phentermine-induced-acute-interstitial-nephritis
#17
Emily Ximin Shao, Gregory John Wilson, Dwarakanathan Ranganathan
Acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) has a number of medication-related aetiologies. Antibiotics, proton pump inhibitors and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are common causes; however, any medication has the potential to cause drug-induced AIN. We report the first case of phentermine-induced AIN. A Caucasian woman aged 43 years presented with a 5-week history of lethargy, left-sided lower abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. She had been taking phentermine for weight loss for 9 months and had recently ceased the medication...
March 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279463/endoscopic-management-of-early-esophagogastric-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Qurat-Ul-Ain Rizvi, Arrhchanah Balachandran, Doreen Koay, Prateek Sharma, Rajvinder Singh
Esophagogastric cancer accounts for the second most common cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Significant efforts have been made to detect these malignancies at an earlier stage through the implementation of screening programs in high-risk individuals using advanced diagnostic techniques. Endoscopic management techniques, such as endoscopic mucosal resection and endoscopic submucosal dissection, have consistently demonstrated excellent outcomes in the management of these lesions. These techniques are associated with a lower risk of morbidity and mortality when compared with traditional surgical management...
April 2017: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275184/rna-associated-early-stage-anti-viral-factor-reaf-is-a-major-component-of-lv2-restriction
#19
Kelly M Marno, Eithne O'Sullivan, Christopher E Jones, Julieta Díaz-Delfín, Claire Pardieu, Richard D Sloan, Áine McKnight
HIV and SIV replication in human cells is restricted at early post-entry steps by host inhibitory factors. We previously described and characterised an early phase restriction of HIV-1 and 2 replication in human cell lines, primary macrophages and PBMCs. The restriction was termed Lentiviral restriction 2 (Lv2). The viral determinants of Lv2 susceptibility mapped to the HIV-2 Env and CA. We subsequently reported a whole genome siRNA screen for factors involved in to HIV which identified RNA-associated Early-stage Anti-viral Factor (REAF)...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270713/empowerment-based-diabetes-self-management-education-to-maintain-glycemic-targets-during-ramadan-fasting-in-people-with-diabetes-who-are-on-conventional-insulin-a-feasibility-study
#20
Yara M Eid, Sahar I Sahmoud, Mona M Abdelsalam, Barbara Eichorst
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the feasibility of promoting safe Ramadan fasting through diabetes self-management education (DSME) and to determine the effect of such education on hypoglycemic episodes. DESIGN AND METHODS: This prospective study included subjects attending Ramadan reinforcement sessions for participants in the Educational Program for People with Diabetes (EPPWD) at the Ain-Shams University Diabetes Center in Cairo, Egypt. The DSME sessions started 2-3 weeks before Ramadan and included one experimental fasting day during the first week and one during the second week...
February 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
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