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Outcome measures speech language therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863745/a-systematic-review-of-voice-therapy-what-effectiveness-really-implies
#1
REVIEW
Maude Desjardins, Lucinda Halstead, Melissa Cooke, Heather Shaw Bonilha
INTRODUCTION: Behavioral voice therapy guided by a speech-language pathologist is recommended as the main treatment approach for many kinds of voice disorders. Encouraging evidence regard of good outcomes from voice therapy has been found in two previous reviews on broad patient populations. However, no definitive conclusion on the effectiveness of direct voice therapy can be drawn from these reviews due to limitations of the included studies. AIMS: To review recent literature on voice therapy; to provide clinicians with a list of evidence-based voice therapy techniques; to incorporate the therapy components in a physiologically based model; to assess the limitations and progress achieved in the recent research on voice therapy...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863635/cochlear-implantation-of-solid-organ-transplant-patients-receiving-immunosuppressive-therapy
#2
Bushra Ayub, Nancy M Young
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of infectious complications and healing problems in cochlear implant (CI) patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy following solid organ transplant. STUDY DESIGN: IRB-approved retrospective chart review of implanted patients. SETTING: Tertiary care children's hospital. METHODS: Seven patients of the more than 1000 implanted during the time period between 1991 and 2014 underwent cochlear implantation while on immunosuppressive therapy after having received a solid organ transplant...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847473/melodic-intonation-therapy-in-chronic-aphasia-evidence-from-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Ineke Van Der Meulen, Mieke W M E Van De Sandt-Koenderman, Majanka H Heijenbrok, Evy Visch-Brink, Gerard M Ribbers
: Melodic Intonation Therapy (MIT) is a language production therapy for severely non-fluent aphasic patients using melodic intoning and rhythm to restore language. Although many studies have reported its beneficial effects on language production, randomized controlled trials (RCT) examining the efficacy of MIT are rare. In an earlier publication, we presented the results of an RCT on MIT in subacute aphasia and found that MIT was effective on trained and untrained items. Further, we observed a clear trend in improved functional language use after MIT: subacute aphasic patients receiving MIT improved considerably on language tasks measuring connected speech and daily life verbal communication...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843007/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-intensive-multidisciplinary-intervention-for-pediatric-feeding-disorders-how-standard-is-the-standard-of-care
#4
William G Sharp, Valerie M Volkert, Lawrence Scahill, Courtney E McCracken, Barbara McElhanon
OBJECTIVE: To assess models of care and conduct a meta-analysis of program outcomes for children receiving intensive, multidisciplinary intervention for pediatric feeding disorders. STUDY DESIGN: We searched Medline, PsycINFO, and PubMed databases (2000-2015) in peer-reviewed journals for studies that examined the treatment of children with chronic food refusal receiving intervention at day treatment or inpatient hospital programs. Inclusion criteria required the presentation of quantitative data on food consumption, feeding behavior, and/or growth status before and after intervention...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829034/auditory-motor-mapping-training-comparing-the-effects-of-a-novel-speech-treatment-to-a-control-treatment-for-minimally-verbal-children-with-autism
#5
Karen Chenausky, Andrea Norton, Helen Tager-Flusberg, Gottfried Schlaug
This study compared Auditory-Motor Mapping Training (AMMT), an intonation-based treatment for facilitating spoken language in minimally verbal children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), to a matched control treatment, Speech Repetition Therapy (SRT). 23 minimally verbal children with ASD (20 male, mean age 6;5) received at least 25 sessions of AMMT. Seven (all male) were matched on age and verbal ability to seven participants (five male) who received SRT. Outcome measures were Percent Syllables Approximated, Percent Consonants Correct (of 86), and Percent Vowels Correct (of 61) produced on two sets of 15 bisyllabic stimuli...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798948/optimizing-outcomes-following-total-and-subtotal-tongue-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-of-the-contemporary-literature
#6
Oscar J Manrique, Hyuma A Leland, Claude-Jean Langevin, Alex Wong, Joseph N Carey, Pedro Ciudad, Hung-Chi Chen, Ketan M Patel
BACKGROUND: More than 45,000 Americans are diagnosed with oropharyngeal cancer annually and multimodal treatment often requires wide excision, lymphadenectomy, chemotherapy, and radiation. Total and subtotal lingual resection severely impairs speech, swallow, and quality of life (QoL). This study investigates functional outcomes and QoL following subtotal and total tongue resection with free tissue transfer reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the English language literature was performed using PubMed, Ovid, Embase, and Cochrane databases based on predetermined inclusion/exclusion criteria...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682331/physiotherapy-and-speech-and-language-therapy-intervention-for-patients-with-refractory-chronic-cough-a-multicentre-randomised-control-trial
#7
Sarah A F Chamberlain Mitchell, Rachel Garrod, Lynne Clark, Abdel Douiri, Sean M Parker, Jenny Ellis, Stephen J Fowler, Siobhan Ludlow, James H Hull, Kian Fan Chung, Kai K Lee, H Bellas, Anand Pandyan, Surinder S Birring
BACKGROUND: Physiotherapy, and speech and language therapy are emerging non-pharmacological treatments for refractory chronic cough. We aimed to investigate the efficacy of a physiotherapy, and speech and language therapy intervention (PSALTI) to improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and to reduce cough frequency in patients with refractory chronic cough. METHODS: In this multicentre randomised controlled trial, patients with refractory chronic cough were randomised to four weekly 1:1 sessions of either PSALTI consisting of education, laryngeal hygiene and hydration, cough suppression techniques, breathing exercises and psychoeducational counselling or control intervention consisting of healthy lifestyle advice...
September 28, 2016: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601502/diagnostic-evaluation-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-survey-of-health-professionals-in-australia
#8
Lauren J Taylor, Valsamma Eapen, Murray T Maybery, Sue Midford, Jessica Paynter, Lyndsay Quarmby, Timothy Smith, Katrina Williams, Andrew J O Whitehouse
OBJECTIVES: There is currently no agreed Australian standard for the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) even though there are specific diagnostic services available. We suspected inconsistency in the diagnostic practices of health professionals in Australia and aimed to assess these practices across the nation by surveying all relevant professional groups. DESIGN: In this study, we completed a survey of 173 health professionals whose clinical practice includes participating in the diagnostic process for ASD in Australia...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484456/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-post-stroke-sub-acute-aphasia-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Kerstin Spielmann, W Mieke E van de Sandt-Koenderman, Majanka H Heijenbrok-Kal, Gerard M Ribbers
BACKGROUND: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a promising new technique to optimize the effect of regular Speech and Language Therapy (SLT) in the context of aphasia rehabilitation. The present study focuses on the effect of tDCS provided during SLT in the sub-acute stage after stroke. The primary aim is to evaluate the potential effect of tDCS on language functioning, specifically on word-finding, as well as generalization effects to verbal communication. The secondary aim is to evaluate its effect on social participation and quality of life, and its cost-effectiveness...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432281/contribution-of-spoken-language-and-socio-economic-background-to-adolescents-educational-achievement-at-age-16-years
#10
Sarah Spencer, Judy Clegg, Joy Stackhouse, Robert Rush
BACKGROUND: Well-documented associations exist between socio-economic background and language ability in early childhood, and between educational attainment and language ability in children with clinically referred language impairment. However, very little research has looked at the associations between language ability, educational attainment and socio-economic background during adolescence, particularly in populations without language impairment. AIMS: To investigate: (1) whether adolescents with higher educational outcomes overall had higher language abilities; and (2) associations between adolescent language ability, socio-economic background and educational outcomes, specifically in relation to Mathematics, English Language and English Literature GCSE grade...
July 18, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27359188/orofacial-contracture-management-current-patterns-of-clinical-practice-in-australian-and-new-zealand-adult-burn-units
#11
Nicola A Clayton, Gulsen Ellul, Elizabeth C Ward, Amanda Scott, Peter K Maitz
Burn injury to the face can lead to scarring and contractures that may impair oral competence for articulation, feeding, airway intubation access, oral/dental hygiene, aesthetics, and facial expression. Although a range of therapy interventions has been discussed for preventing contracture formation, there is minimal information on current practice patterns. This research examined patterns of clinical practice for orofacial burns management during a 4-year period to determine the nature and extent of clinical consistency in current care...
June 28, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27290722/antibiotics-for-otitis-media-with-effusion-in-children
#12
REVIEW
Roderick P Venekamp, Martin J Burton, Thijs M A van Dongen, Geert J van der Heijden, Alice van Zon, Anne G M Schilder
BACKGROUND: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is characterised by an accumulation of fluid in the middle ear behind an intact tympanic membrane, without the symptoms or signs of acute infection. Since most cases of OME will resolve spontaneously, only children with persistent middle ear effusion and associated hearing loss potentially require treatment. Previous Cochrane reviews have focused on the effectiveness of ventilation tube insertion, adenoidectomy, nasal autoinflation, antihistamines, decongestants and corticosteroids in OME...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27260595/efficacy-of-auditory-verbal-therapy-in-children-with-hearing-impairment-a-systematic-review-from-1993-to-2015
#13
REVIEW
Ramesh Kaipa, Michelle L Danser
OBJECTIVES: Auditory verbal therapy (AVT) is one of the primary treatment approaches for developing spoken language in children with hearing impairment (HI), but its outcomes have not been thoroughly investigated. The current study aimed to systematically review past studies investigating AVT outcomes in children with HI. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in six databases. Fourteen articles that met the final inclusion criteria were grouped under three categories based on the outcome measures: receptive and expressive language development, auditory/speech perception and mainstreaming...
July 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27249318/addressing-communicative-participation-in-treatment-planning-for-adults-a-survey-of-u-s-speech-language-pathologists
#14
Janaki M Torrence, Carolyn R Baylor, Kathryn M Yorkston, Kristie A Spencer
PURPOSE: In speech-language pathology, there is increasing attention on participation-focused interventions to optimize participation in valued life roles. The purpose of this study was to investigate how speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in the United States address life participation in therapy programs, as well as their opinions regarding barriers and facilitators to participation-focused intervention. METHOD: An online questionnaire presented case scenarios for aphasia, dysarthria, and laryngectomy to 66 SLPs who have worked with adults...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27017913/dual-language-versus-english-only-support-for-bilingual-children-with-hearing-loss-who-use-cochlear-implants-and-hearing-aids
#15
Ferenc Bunta, Michael Douglas, Hanna Dickson, Amy Cantu, Jennifer Wickesberg, René H Gifford
BACKGROUND: There is a critical need to understand better speech and language development in bilingual children learning two spoken languages who use cochlear implants (CIs) and hearing aids (HAs). The paucity of knowledge in this area poses a significant barrier to providing maximal communicative outcomes to a growing number of children who have a hearing loss (HL) and are learning multiple spoken languages. In fact, the number of bilingual individuals receiving CIs and HAs is rapidly increasing, and Hispanic children display a higher prevalence of HL than the general population of the United States...
July 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26776951/timing-of-voice-therapy-a-primary-investigation-of-voice-outcomes-for-surgical-benign-vocal-fold-lesion-patients
#16
Sharon S Tang, Susan L Thibeault
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the role of timing of speech-language pathology intervention on outcomes for surgical patients with benign vocal fold lesions as measured by a patient self-reported scale (Voice Handicap Index [VHI]) and objective acoustic measures (jitter %, Dysphonia Severity Index, noise-to-harmonics ratio). For the purpose of this study, interventions were categorized into three groups: preoperative (preoperative counseling session followed by postoperative therapy), pre- and postoperative therapy (multiple therapy sessions preoperatively and postoperatively), and postoperative therapy alone...
January 14, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26684476/sign-language-and-spoken-language-for-children-with-hearing-loss-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Elizabeth M Fitzpatrick, Candyce Hamel, Adrienne Stevens, Misty Pratt, David Moher, Suzanne P Doucet, Deirdre Neuss, Anita Bernstein, Eunjung Na
CONTEXT: Permanent hearing loss affects 1 to 3 per 1000 children and interferes with typical communication development. Early detection through newborn hearing screening and hearing technology provide most children with the option of spoken language acquisition. However, no consensus exists on optimal interventions for spoken language development. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of the effectiveness of early sign and oral language intervention compared with oral language intervention only for children with permanent hearing loss...
January 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26620547/interprofessional-education-increases-knowledge-promotes-team-building-and-changes-practice-in-the-care-of-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Elaine V Cohen, Ruth Hagestuen, Gladys González-Ramos, Hillel W Cohen, Celia Bassich, Elaine Book, Kathy P Bradley, Julie H Carter, Mariann Di Minno, Joan Gardner, Monique Giroux, Manny J González, Sandra Holten, Ricky Joseph, Denise D Kornegay, Patricia A Simpson, Concetta M Tomaino, Richard P Vandendolder, Maria Walde-Douglas, Rosemary Wichmann, John C Morgan
OBJECTIVE: Examine outcomes for the National Parkinson Foundation (NPF) Allied Team Training for Parkinson (ATTP), an interprofessional education (IPE) program in Parkinson's disease (PD) and team-based care for medicine, nursing, occupational, physical and music therapies, physician assistant, social work and speech-language pathology disciplines. BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals need education in evidence-based PD practices and working effectively in teams...
January 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26308343/finite-verb-morphology-in-the-spontaneous-speech-of-dutch-speaking-children-with-hearing-loss
#19
Annemiek Hammer, Martine Coene
OBJECTIVE: In this study, the acquisition of Dutch finite verb morphology is investigated in children with cochlear implants (CIs) with profound hearing loss and in children with hearing aids (HAs) with moderate to severe hearing loss. Comparing these two groups of children increases our insight into how hearing experience and audibility affect the acquisition of morphosyntax. DESIGN: Spontaneous speech samples were analyzed of 48 children with CIs and 29 children with HAs, ages 4 to 7 years...
January 2016: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26270541/a-weekly-speech-and-language-therapy-service-for-head-and-neck-radiotherapy-patients-during-treatment-maximizing-accessibility-and-efficiency
#20
Louise C Occomore, Zoë Knight
BACKGROUND: Our hospital did not provide a weekly speech and language therapy (SLT) service for head and neck cancer patients during radiotherapy treatment. SLT is recommended in the international guidelines, but many centers do not offer this service. In the case of our hospital, SLT was not provided because there were no funds to cover the costs of additional staff. OBJECTIVES: To create a new service model within a multidisciplinary setting to comply with the international SLT guidelines and without increasing staff...
July 2015: Journal of Community and Supportive Oncology
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